3. V Sometimes, one can use the technique of "jump across" when analyzing complicated
multifluid manometer. Under which condition that one should avoid using this technique?
a. If the free surfaces at the two ends of the manometer are not at the same elevation
b. If the two ends of the manometer are not open to atmosphere
c. If one of the fluid contains air bubbles (and thus not being continuous)
3
4. Two solid balls of identical size but of different materials (plastic vs. aluminum) are
placed in the same liquid. Which statement is correct?
V
o
a. Plastic ball experiences smaller hydrostatic
pressure and smaller buoyancy
b. Aluminum ball experiences higher hydrostatic
pressure and higher buoyancy
c. Aluminum ball experiences higher hydrostatic
pressure and the same buoyancy Plastic ball
d. Both experience the same hydrostatic pressure and
buoyancy d
Aluminum ball
4
QUESTION 6 (30 points^
Two Newtonian liquids (viscosities given on the figure) are placed between three parallel plates. The surface
area of each plate is 10 The upper plate is moved at a velocity of 3 m/s and the lower plate is moved at
2m/s as shown below. Assume both flows are laminar and linear velocity profiles between the plates.
Determine: (1) the magnitude and the direction tstate the direction! of shear stress acted on the upper plate;
(2) the magnitude and the direction (state the directionl of shear stress acted on the lower plate; (3) the
magnitude and the direction (state the direction) of the force needed to make the middle plate stationary
3 m/s
X
Fluid 1 0,02 m II,  0.4 N s/ni''
1
Force?
Fluid 2 C.o;: n  0.2 N s/m^
2 m/s
Cl>

UT /0/j?
I
21,
JA, c qM i/i"
TTT^ ' '
7 . <5 2
T aa^
^2 ^ / 17 ^ 4f^
/t, o 2
JH ja s C 2 ^ c ' "1^
l<oW f pUiA.
^ Ai I s ph
r,  , p
c^; p"
tI
r .  A '
f
A/
J vJ.  ( I i>A\
QUESTION 7 rSO points)
Gate ABC in the figure has a fixed hinge at B and is 5 m wide into the paper. If the water level is high
enough, the gate will open. Compute the depth h for which this happens. Water density is 1000 kg/m^ and
gravity is 9.8 m/s^.
/N
tr C
hJ,
so cm
10 m
Water at 20C
h'ab'
. /_/ >
f ill..
0 ' ^ ^ ^ I pt
'I"
7
QUESTION 8 f30 points)
Both ends of the manometer are open to the atmosphere. Given the specific weight y for SAE30 oil and
water are 8720 and 9790 N/m^, estimate the specific gravity SG for the fluid X.
SAS 30
to cm OK
9 on
7 em S cm
FluM X 6 on.
4 an
12 m HI efi
J /^  ^
d UC .
\(Li "I
^ [o o^y^y^