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# CONCEPT QUESTIONS (10 points.

## 2 points for each)

1. ^ "There are two classes of fluids: liquids and gases. The fluids at rest must be in a state
of zero shear stress".
a. Both statements are true
b. Both statements are false
e. The first is true and the second is false
d. The first is false and the second is true
2. Below are the shear stress vs. strain rate curves for two fluids (below figure). One behaves as
an idealized Newtonian fluid while the other behaves as a shear-thickening dialatant. Which
curve does represent the Newtonian fluid and which curve for the dialatant? Please directlv

3. V Sometimes, one can use the technique of "jump across" when analyzing complicated
multi-fluid manometer. Under which condition that one should avoid using this technique?
a. If the free surfaces at the two ends of the manometer are not at the same elevation
b. If the two ends of the manometer are not open to atmosphere
c. If one of the fluid contains air bubbles (and thus not being continuous)

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4. Two solid balls of identical size but of different materials (plastic vs. aluminum) are
placed in the same liquid. Which statement is correct?
V

o
a. Plastic ball experiences smaller hydrostatic
pressure and smaller buoyancy
b. Aluminum ball experiences higher hydrostatic
pressure and higher buoyancy
c. Aluminum ball experiences higher hydrostatic
pressure and the same buoyancy Plastic ball
d. Both experience the same hydrostatic pressure and
buoyancy d
Aluminum ball

## 5. A _Which floating rubber duck is mechanically stable?

a. The center of buoyancy is above the centroid of the rubber duck
b. The center of buoyancy is below the centroid of the rubber duck

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QUESTION 6 (30 points^
Two Newtonian liquids (viscosities given on the figure) are placed between three parallel plates. The surface
area of each plate is 10 The upper plate is moved at a velocity of 3 m/s and the lower plate is moved at
2m/s as shown below. Assume both flows are laminar and linear velocity profiles between the plates.
Determine: (1) the magnitude and the direction tstate the direction! of shear stress acted on the upper plate;
(2) the magnitude and the direction (state the directionl of shear stress acted on the lower plate; (3) the
magnitude and the direction (state the direction) of the force needed to make the middle plate stationary

3 m/s
X
Fluid 1 0,02 m II, - 0.4 N s/ni''
1
Force?
Fluid 2 C.o;: n- - 0.2 N s/m^
2 m/s

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QUESTION 7 rSO points)

Gate ABC in the figure has a fixed hinge at B and is 5 m wide into the paper. If the water level is high
enough, the gate will open. Compute the depth h for which this happens. Water density is 1000 kg/m^ and
gravity is 9.8 m/s^.

/N
tr C
hJ,
so cm

10 m
Water at 20C

h'ab'-
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f ill..

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QUESTION 8 f30 points)

Both ends of the manometer are open to the atmosphere. Given the specific weight y for SAE30 oil and
water are 8720 and 9790 N/m^, estimate the specific gravity SG for the fluid X.

SAS 30
to cm OK
9 on

7 em S cm

FluM X 6 on.
4 an

12 m HI efi
J /^ - ^

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