Study Recommendations for HESI Admissions Assessment Test

Additional materials are available to prepare for the HESI A2 Test:  Recommended PLATO tutorials at end of this document  The Learning Express Library – accessible from the LInC Databases webpageSign in and click on “Nursing” under Featured Resources. Take the Nursing School Practice Entrance Tests 1 & 2 for Biology, Chemistry, Math and Reading Comprehension.  The HESI Admission Assessment Exam Review book is: o Available in the LInC, “On Reserve” (you can look at it and take notes, but you cannot check it out, and you cannot copy any pages). o Available from bookstores; approximate price $35.00 (plus shipping & handling). Be SURE to ask for HESI (evolve/reach) Admission Assessment Exam Review, ISBN 9781416056355 Can also be purchased from this website:

Please refer to your textbooks used in BIOL 105 (formerly BIOL100) and your Anatomy & Physiology courses.

Properties of Water (an Inorganic Compound) Polarity of Molecules Biological Molecules ("Organic Compounds"): Carbohydrates, including glycogen and starch Lipids Saturated vs. Unsaturated Fats Phospholipids Steroids Proteins Structural (Fibrous) vs. Functional (Globular, including Enzyme) Proteins Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA Enzymes as Catalysts for Metabolic Processes ATP Cell Structure and Function Nucleus Chromosomes (Chromatin) Ribosomes Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER): Rough ER Smooth ER
HESI A2 Study Recommendations Rev 12/08 CPM


Gogi Apparatus Lysosomes Inclusions (Vacuoles) Mitochondria Plasma (Cell) Membrane Proteins of the Cell Membrane and their functions Cytoplasm Cytoskeleton Diffusion Osmosis Filtration (Asexual) Cellular Growth and Reproduction (see also "Binary Fission," for bacteria, below) Mitosis: interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase cytokinesis Sexual Cellular Reproduction: Meiosis: Meiosis I and Meiosis II Genetic Code DNA A, T, G and C nitrogenous bases Double Helix structure Replication Transcription Translation: Codon Anticodon . Necessary Life Functions (Characteristics of Cells/Living Organisms) Homeostasis Positive Feedback versus Negative Feedback Metabolism: Anabolism Catabolism Cellular Respiration: Aerobic: Glycolysis Kreb’s Cycle: NADH, FADH2 Electron Transport Chain Anaerobic (Fermentation)

HESI A2 Study Recommendations Rev 12/08 CPM


. as it distinguishes the characteristics of Eukaryotes from those of the Specific Heat: http://www.html Scientific Method: http://teacher. but is understood to be the combination of Archea and click on “Terms” “Solution Composition” and “Problems and Solutions” HESI A2 Study Recommendations Rev 12/08 CPM 3 . It is a bit confusing to study this topic at this time.sparknotes. including humans).org/C004367/be1. is not mentioned at the first site below. Genetics: http://library.htm#kingdoms Theory of Evolution: http://www. http://www.The following topics may not be found in your Human Anatomy & Physiology texts.palomar. and differ from the Eukaryotes (which include most plants and all animals.every other being on earth is in the Domain Eukarya. The second site listed below will also be helpful. Heterozygous Traits Punnett Squares: http://anthro.about. due to recent new information. and is thus a Eukaryote.iun.shtml Genotype versus Phenotype Dominant and Recessive Traits Alleles Homozygous vs. but may be reviewed using the listed web pop2.html Density: Understand that the single-celled bacteria (former Kingdom Monera) belong to the Prokaryotes.htm Pedigree Polygenes and Environmental Factors (Multifactorial Inheritance) Organization of Species: Know all Kingdoms.pbs. as science is in a transitional stage of re-classifying all living creatures. Note that the term "Prokaryote.html Solutions:" which you may understand to be basically single-celled bacteria. including Monera (bacteria) and Animalia (includes humans) This site will help you understand the

Neutrons: mass. Double-.html Atomic Structure: http://www.htm Binary Fission: a type of Asexual Cellular Reproduction used by Liquid and Gas Mixtures: Homogeneous versus Heterogeneous not humans The method by which bacteria reproduce. and Triple-Covalent Bonds Hydrogen Bonding http: www.k12. The circular DNA molecule is replicated. States of Matter.iun. and Changes of State of Matter: and Chloroplasts: Describe the basic chemical equation: http://www. but may be reviewed using the listed web links.about. CHEMISTRY The following topics are may not be found in your Human Anatomy & Physiology texts. then the cell splits into two identical cells. each containing an exact copy of the original cell's  Click on “Sparknotes Free Study Guide” tab (top left corner)  Click on Study Guide Category “Chemistry”  Select topic from items in “Bonding” list Acids and Bases: Characteristics of Acids Characteristics of Bases Neutralization HESI A2 Study Recommendations Rev 12/08 CPM 4 . Electrons. location and charge of each Orbitals versus Nucleus of Atom Atomic Number Atomic Mass Isotopes Ions: Cations versus Anions Chemical Bonding: Covalent versus Ionic Polar versus Nonpolar Covalent Bonds Single-.html Protons.

net/6typesofchemicalrxn. beta and gamma radiation http://www.htm Chemical Equations: Reactants versus Products http://www.iun. Addition of a Catalyst (or replacement.and or displacement) http://misterguch. combustion ( Characteristics of Groups and Rows in the Periodic Table." below: http://www.about. given the number of moles. decomposition. when reading about "Trends. Calculate the number of moles of a substance.html Rates of Chemical Reactions Reversible versus Irreversible Reactions Effects Due to Changes in: Temperature.html HESI A2 Study Recommendations Rev 12/08 CPM 5 .gov/abc/Basic. Particle Size (Surface Area). single.html Periodic Table of Elements: http://www.html Chemical Reactions: synthesis.html Chemical versus Physical Changes/Properties Nuclear Chemistry: radioactivity. Calculation of number of grams of a given the number of moles of that substance.wvusd.k12.learner.pH scale http://lrs.html A Periodic Table to print out.html http://www. given the weight in grams: http://dbhs.lbl. including Ions and Noble Gases Trends in the Periodic Table: http://chemistry. or "redox").html http://antoine.htm Moles: Definition Molar Calculations: Calculation of number of molecules of a substance. Concentration of Reactants.purchon. and release of alpha.

Transverse (Horizontal) Body Cavities (Know location and organ contents): Dorsal: cranial and spinal Ventral: http://www. Homeostasis Levels of Structural Organization (cells to organisms) Directional Terms: Superior. pericardial. mediastinum. pericardial. Coronal (Frontal) ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY The following information can be found in your Anatomy & Physiology http://www.. Stoichiometry: Balancing simple chemical equations http://www. nasal. (e. the oxidation number is the number of electrons the element would have to lose or gain in order to have a complete outer shell.html Oxidation States: Definition: An oxidation number (oxidation state) is the charge an atom would carry if the molecule or ion were completely ionic Rules for Determining Oxidation States: For elements.ausetute.iun. anterior. peritoneal) Know the Four Major Tissues and the Function of Each: Epithelial Tissue: Types of Membranes and their Definitions: HESI A2 Study Recommendations Rev 12/08 CPM 6 . Oxygen would be assigned "-2" as it would have to accept two additional negatively charged electrons to complete its outer shell).edu/~cpanhd/C101webnotes/chemical%20reactions/massconservation. medial. pleural and abdominopelvic (peritoneal) Membranes of Body Cavities ( thoracic. lateral Planes of the Body: Median (Sagittal).html Van der Waals Forces: http://www. inferior.iun.Law of Conservation of Matter (Mass): http://www.

muscle cell. and keratized epithelium? Strata of the Epidermis: stratum corneum. myofibrils. above) Integumentary System Epidermal and Dermal Structures What is keratin. smooth. myosin. Names of all the bones and numbers of each type (including numbers and types of vertebrae. shape. facial bones). stratum lucidum. origin. cardiac and skeletal Nerve Tissue Glands: sudoriferous. names and numbers of cranial bones. Synovial and Cutaneous Connective Tissues: Cartilage. stratum granulosum and stratum germinativum/basale (mitotic layer) Subcutaneous Tissue (Hypodermis): know definition Sebaceous and Sudoriferous Glands Functions of the Skin Appendages of the Skin: hair. insertion. Serous. Tendon. function (action) Know the names of all major contour (surface) muscles of body. ceruminous Review of Parts (Organelles) of the Cell (see listing under Biology. Abductors. Ligament. sebaceous. Extensors. Dense. calcium Muscle Types: Voluntary versus Involuntary versus Cardiac Prime Mover. Sarcoplasmic Reticulum HESI A2 Study Recommendations Rev 12/08 CPM 7 . Adductors Naming of Muscles Related to location. Loose Muscle Tissue: voluntary and involuntary. Adipose. Agonists. Term to Know: foramen magnum and its significance Muscular System Organization: muscles. sarcomeres Sliding Filament Theory of Muscle Contraction: role of actin. myofilaments. nails Skeletal System Functions of the skeletal system Classification of bones by shape Osteocytes/Osteoblasts/Osteoclasts Spongy versus Compact bone Axial versus Appendicular bones Number of bones in the body. Terms to Know: Joint. Antagonists Classification of Muscles as Flexors. ATP. Blood.Mucous. Bone.

Pancreas. Hormones Secreted by Each. target tissue(s) Pituitary: Anterior (Adenohypophysis) versus Posterior (Neurohypophysis) Locations in the Body. FSH. spinal (vertebral) column Endocrine System Definition of a Hormone Hierarchical Levels of Control: Hypothalamus. Gonads (Ovaries. differentiation. other endocrine gland(s). LH. pituitary (master gland). 45% formed elements Composition of Plasma HESI A2 Study Recommendations Rev 12/08 CPM 8 . Testes).Nervous System Basic Functions Anatomy of Neuron Conduction of a Nerve Impulse through the Neuron Sensory (afferent) versus Motor (efferent) Neurons Central Nervous System versus Peripheral Nervous System Somatic (Voluntary) Nervous System versus Autonomic Nervous System Major Parts of the Brain (cerebrum. medulla oblongata) and their Functions Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves: Simple spinal reflexes versus reflexes modified by ascending and descending tracts Sensory versus motor impulses Dorsal horns versus ventral horns Definitions: foramen magnum. oxytocin Major Endocrine Organs: Thyroid. ACTH. Adrenals. TSH. cerebellum. for each of the following: Anterior Pituitary: Pay particular attention to: GH/STH. or metabolic activity Mechanism of Action of Steroid Hormones versus Protein Hormones Major Groups of Hormones: steroids versus protein hormones Circulatory System: Composition of Whole Blood: 55% plasma. and Disorders Associated with Abnormal Levels of each Hormone. PRL Posterior Pituitary: ADH. Parathyroids. Hormone Actions. Pineal Organs Other Than Major Endocrine Organs Hypothalamus Adrenal Cortex and Functions of Cortisol Basic Actions of Hormones: alteration of cellular growth.

granule type Functions of Blood. staining properties. propulsion. bound to Hemoglobin Transport of Carbon Dioxide in the form of bicarbonate ion Regulation of Blood pH by Respiratory System via regulation of bicarbonate ion Digestive System Alimentary Canal/Digestive Tube or Tract/Gastrointestinal Tract Basic Functions: ingestion. Control of respiratory rate via medulla oblongata Internal versus External Respiration describe the process of gas exchange Inhalation versus Exhalation Active versus Passive Process. absorption. including Immune Functions Normal pH of Blood Terms to Know: Antibody. respectively Trace the pathways of oxygen and carbon dioxide throughout the circulatory system. venous return is also assisted by breathing movements and unidirectional valves List all the major Arteries and Veins of the body Respiratory System: Basic Functions Basic Structures: nose. diaphragm. Transport of Oxygen via Erythrocytes. pharynx. bronchi. defecation (elimination) HESI A2 Study Recommendations Rev 12/08 CPM 9 . nucleus appearance. Phagocytosis Atria versus Ventricles Systemic Circulation versus Pulmonary Circulation Pathway of Blood Flow through the System and Pulmonary Circulatory Systems including names of chambers and valves of heart names of major arteries and veins entering and leaving the heart and lungs Pathway of Cardiac Electrical Conduction Systole versus Diastole EKG rhythm Differences between Arteries and Veins Vasocontriction versus Vasodilation Skeletal Muscle Pump action to assist venous return to heart. mechanical digestion. secretion. and rib cage muscles and bones. nasal cavity. Leukocytes. WBC and platelets 5 types of Leukocytes and how they differ: size. chemical digestion.Blood Elements and their Functions: Erythrocytes. larynx. Platelets Genesis in Red Bone Marrow of RBC. lungs. trachea.

their secretions. and their specific functions: liver. esophagus. stomach. jejunum. pancreas Mechanical Digestion versus Chemical Digestion Mastication (Chewing) Functions of Saliva. Understand the biomolecules that are digested by each enzyme. and their specific functions: oral cavity. glucose and other simple sugars. ileum). ureters. Role of Kidney in Regulating Blood pH: Acidosis and Alkalosis Reproductive System Functions: produce hormones. pharynx. urethra Transitional Epithelium of the Urinary System How does the male urethra differ from the female urethra? Nephron Structure and Function: trace the pathway of filtered blood through all the structures of the kidney and their nephrons (starting with the renal artery). secretion. muscular layer and serous layer (serosa) Trace the pathway of food through the digestive tract. fatty acids. gallbladder. their secretions. and transport to bloodstream Small intestine: absorption of nutrient building blocks by villi Large intestine: absorption of water Bacterial colonization of large intestine (intestinal flora) Urinary System Basic Functions Basic Structures and their specific Functions: kidneys. produce sex cells (gametes) List all the Organs of the Reproductive Tract in Both Sexes Control by Pituitary Gland HESI A2 Study Recommendations Rev 12/08 CPM 10 . nucleotides Lymphatics: absorption of fats via lacteals. Bile Hydrochloric Acid Secretion by Stomach Four Layers of the Wall of the Digestive Tract: mucous membrane. and the monomer "building blocks" of each biomolecule: amino acids. Movement of substances across the nephron: filtration. large intestine (cecum. submucous layer. urinary bladder. rectum. small intestine (duodenum. descending colon. salivary amylase Terms to Know: Bolus. reabsorption. Both active and passive movement (diffusion) occurs. transverse colon. Know the terms Bowman's capsule and glomerulus. noting the enzymes and glandular products that are mixed with the food at each step. ascending colon. Chyme. anus Accessory Digestive Organs. then trace the pathway of urine through the remaining organs of the urinary system from collecting ducts through the urethra. appendix.Basic Structures. sigmoid colon).

progesterone Review of Meiosis Trace the pathway of Sperm Development and Emission through the male reproductive tract. Role of the Corpus Luteum Review the Development of the Embryo during pregnancy: placenta. including cyclic nature of sex cell production and hormone levels in female versus continuous nature in males Secondary Sex Characteristics in both sexes Know the Layers of the Uterine Wall. and how they change under hormonal control Control of Production of Male and Female Gametes by Hormones: FSH. ectoderm). ovulation occurs at Day 14. mesoderm. formation of embryonic tissues (endoderm. LH. Zygote HESI A2 Study Recommendations Rev 12/08 CPM 11 . during the Menstrual Cycle. Chromosome. Role of Prolactin Terms to Know: Embryo. testosterone. fertilization occurs in the fallopian tube (oviduct). ICSH.Comparison of Male and Female Reproductive Tracts. and what are all the tissues they affect in the mother? Role of Placenta in Maintaining Milk Production. Trace the origin and path of the ovum during Fertilization and Implantation (as the blastocyst). estrogen. Review the changes in the uterine lining. How do hormonal levels change throughout pregnancy. and the changes in hormonal levels.

pl?Converting_Temperatures http://www.html Conversion between Fahrenheit and Celsius: C = (5/9) x (F .usgs. Metric Conversions: Conversion between units in the metric system 1 milliliter = 1 cubic centimeter (cc) http://vulcan. 212 degrees Fahrenheit Freezing Point of Water: 0 degrees Celsius.nsdlib. take the following Math You will also find it helpful to memorize the following information: Understanding Roman Numerals: http://www. then check your answers against the Answer Key. 32 degrees Fahrenheit or F = [(9/5) x C] + 32 C = degree in Celsius.wr.html HESI A2 Study Recommendations Rev 12/08 CPM 12 .MATH Without using a calculator. F = degrees in Fahrenheit] Boiling Point of Water: 100 degrees Celsius.

4. 5.478 4.Math Quiz Basic Addition: 1.812 .443 ÷ 12 = _______________ 13.907 .309 Basic Subtraction: 3.434 369 . 11.13.2008 = ______________ 5. = _____________ Addition of Decimals (report all decimal places in your answer): 14.204 2.056 ÷ 5 = ______________ 4. 2. 247 + 4.3.241 = _______________ 2. 6. 12. 825 x 14 = _______________ 10. 788 x 139 = _______________ For problems 11 .2. round to the nearest whole number. 359 + 2.278 + 1. 4.345 . Basic Multiplication: 7.4 + 22 = _____________ HESI A2 Study Recommendations Rev 12/08 CPM 13 . 888 x 296 9. 319 x 914 8.

22.56 .445 ÷ 0.1 1 = ____________ 10 Multiplication of Fractions: HESI A2 Study Recommendations Rev 12/08 CPM 14 . 15 .2 6 7 = ____________ 28.4 37 37 21 13 14 6 4 5 = ____________ 27. 22 .0 + 27 + 1.12 = _______________ For problems 18 and 19.032 x 435.2 + 0.25 = _______________ 3.15. Multiplication of Decimals: 18. = ____________ Subtraction of Fractions: 26. 56 ÷ 0. .25 ÷ 5.43 = ______________ 44. 2 + 4 7 5 = ____________ 24. 439.6 = _______________ Addition of Fractions: 23.34 = _______________ Subtraction of Decimals: 16. 22. 19.3 = _______________ 3. 17.5. round your answer to the hundredths place. 21. .1 x 34 = _____________ 0. round to the tenths place. 98.2 = ______________ For problems 20 . Division with Decimals: 20. 2 5 + 6 8 7 9 3 4 + 12 1 5 3 = ____________ 25.

6 ÷ 5 1 8 34.02 = _____________ 7. Change these fractions to decimals: 35. 39. 12 15 = ____________ 41. 19 1 7 = ____________ = ____________ Change these decimals to fractions: 37.032 = _____________ 0. 5. 9 4 7 ÷ 3 = ____________ = ____________ For problems 35 and 36. 6 ÷ 4 = ____________ 7 33. 2 x 4 7 7 1 13 14 = ____________ 30. 38. round to the hundredths place.29 = _____________ Change each number from a fraction into a ratio: 40. 5 6 36.29. 6 3 4 Division of Fractions: 32. 17 20 = ____________ HESI A2 Study Recommendations Rev 12/08 CPM 15 . x 2 2 = ____________ 3 x 2 = ____________ 31.

54. 56. as a percent? ____________ What is 15% of 900? ____________ = ____________ = ____________ For problem 54. 53. 49. What is 3 out of 7. Change each fraction into a percent. 57. 0. 4 7 50. 43.5% of 24? ____________ 4 is 1% of what number? ____________ 3 is 15% of what number? ____________ What is the numerical value of the Roman number VIII? ____________ What is the numerical value of the Roman number XI? ____________ HESI A2 Study Recommendations Rev 12/08 CPM 16 . 58.00043 = _____________ Change each percent into a decimal: 46. . What is 20 out of 100.03% = _____________ 48. 51. 65% = _____________ 47.98 = _____________ 45. What is 3. 2 13 Round to the nearest whole number for problem 51. as a percent? ____________ 52. 14.Solve for x: 42.3% = _____________ Round to the tenths place for problems 49 and 50. 4:3 :: 16:x 18:27 :: 9:x x = _____________ x = _____________ Change each decimal to a percent: 44. report your answer to the tenths place. 0. 55.

7. 37.54 9.83 19. 46. 18.67 13.4 13. 24. 32. 21.929. 23. 2. 11. 20.143 57.58 1 3 35 9 38 63 16 2 15 18 37 19 1 14 5 7 10 8 49 5 1 7 13 1 2 1 1 14 48 3 4 21 0.9 186. 3. 12. 8. 33.043% 0. 52. 50. 57. 27. 14. 58. 34. 47. 38.563 4. 43.0003 0. 44.14 5 4 125 1 50 7 29 100 4:5 17:20 12 13.550 109. 41.566 262. 15. 26. 13.429 3. 25. 10.1% 15. 4.78 0. 17. 28.56 14.678 126.556 1. 39. 48. 45. 51. 56. 2. HESI A2 Study Recommendations Rev 12/08 CPM 17 .378 128 337 291.848 11. 6.65 0. 9. 54.5 98% 0. 19.532 811 370 108 25.84 400 20 8 11 31. 22. 36. 42. 5.57 32. 49. 35. 40. 16. 1.Answer Key to Math Quiz 30. 55.4% 43% 20% 135 0. 29. 53.

davenport. If you do not have a PLATO login. complete the entire tutorial’s menu in order to cover the basics of and log in by entering your PLATO Name.aspx PLATO Biology Series Click on the following orials/PLATO/tabid/190/Default. or go directly to http://plato. Group Name (HESI) and your password. follow the directions under “Create a PLATO login” at this web page: http://dnn4. go to the “ LInC Quick Links” on the LInC pages and click on PLATO. Introduction to Biology Biology the Study of Life o II Signs of Life o V Scientific Method The Energy and Chemistry of Life Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis Enzymes Biochemistry Cell Structure and Specialization The plasma membrane and cellular transport Mitosis Meiosis Genetics and Evolution Mendel’s Principles of Heredity Investigating Heredity DNA: The Molecules of Life From DNA to Protein The Diversity of Life Classification of Living Things o I Introduction o III Criteria for Classification o IV The 5 Kingdom Classification o V The 6 Kingdom Classification 1/07 KC .HESI A2 PreTest PLATO If you have a PLATO login. Unless indicated by bullets.

Equations. Bases. Variables Used to Describe Gases  1–4 Solutions I Solution Introduction o B.PLATO Chemistry Series Click on the following sections. Heterogeneous Mixtures o C. Components of a Solution V Solution Concentrations o Relative Terms o Molarity o Molality o Molar Fraction Chemical Transformations Formulas. Homogeneous Mixtures o D. complete the entire tutorial’s menu in order to cover the basics of Chemistry. and Salts Bonding I Gases & Their Properties II Physical Properties of Gases o A. Introductory Chemistry Introduction to Chemistry Atomic Structure Periodic Table and Trends Introduction o B. Unless indicated by bullets. The Modern Periodic Table Properties of Acids. Gases are States of Matter  1 &2 o B. & Stoichiometry Chemical Equilibrium II Review of Chemical Reactions Chemical Reactions IV Chemical Equations o All Reaction Rates II Rates of Reactions o The Concept of Rates III Factors Affecting Reactions Rates (All) 1/07 KC . Periodic Table Organizes the Elements IV.

o o o o o o o o o o o o o Adding and Subtracting Whole Numbers 1 Adding and Subtracting Whole Numbers 2 Multiplying Whole Numbers Dividing Whole Numbers Understanding Fractions Adding and Subtracting Fractions Multiplying and Dividing Fractions Understanding Decimals Performing Operations with Decimals Working with a Percentage Understanding Ratios and Proportions Using Geometry Measurements 1/07 KC . you may not need to complete all tutorials within each section. Depending on your math skills.PLATO Foundational Mathematics This is a complete review of mathematics.

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