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SECTION 2 - TWO INCH SYSTEM ER/LPR PROBES

ER PROBE GUIDE
ER TEMP
ER PROBE TUBULAR ELEMENT MODEL T6200
ER PROBE LOOP ELEMENT MODEL W6211
ER PROBE FLUSH ELEMENT MODEL F6212
ER SAND / EROSION PROBE MODEL S6400
ER PITTING PROBE MODEL B6215
ER EROSION & CORROSION PROBE MODEL D6300
LPR PROBE GUIDE
LPR TEMP
LPR PROJECTING ELEMENT MODEL P6100
LPR FLUSH ELEMENT MODEL F6112
2-1

ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE
Probe Guide
ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE probes and ER instrument are used for measuring
metal loss due to corrosion/erosion in process applications. Corrosion of the
exposed Sample element is measured as change in its electrical resistance. The
method is usable in almost any environment, being independent of the process
properties. However ER is not recommended for use in sour service if
conductive (iron sulphide) scales are likely to be deposited. Data is usually
presented as a uniform rate of metal loss for the period of interest in mpy or
mmpy.

THE TECHNIQUE
ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE MONITORING makes An element of identical material at the same
use of the observation that the electrical resistance of temperatures as the Sample but protected from
a sample having a fixed length will vary according to corrosion is used. Resistence readings of this
its cross sectional area. this is expressed element are therefore always at the same natural
mathematically as : resistivity as the Sample and if the two resistance
readings are expressed as a ratio then changes in this
R= r ratio represent changes in the sample cross section
A independent of temperature.
where r is the natural resistivity of the sample, is the
length and A is the cross-sectional area. Corrosion or To overcome the problem of probes having a lower
erosion induced reduction in cross-section can resistance then their connecting cables, separate
therefore be calculated from resistance change, as current and voltage measuring wires are employed.
When the element are energized with the same
natural resistivity is highly dependent on temperature
current their resistance ratio can be determined from
therefore, a method of eliminating the effect of
the voltage ratio measured.
temperature changes is needed.

APPLICATION
A range of ER probes has been developed to meet different applications including:
KS 6000 Probes for the 2'' access system retrievable under pressure 3600 psi - 6000 psi
Probes retractable under pressure through a valve and packing gland arrangement.
KS 1500
1000 psi-1500 psi
Fixed probes with threaded bodies bodies 3/4'', 1'', 1-1/2'' or 2'' NPT.
L 300 Series Cannot be installed or removed under pressure. Low, medium or high pressure
applications.
Fixed probes with 3/4'' or 1'' NPT Swagelock fittings to allow variable length of insert.
L 300 Series
Medium and low pressure applications.
L 300 Series Low pressure (Lab) probes for ambient pressure work in the laboratory
2-2

WIRE LOOP PITTING 32mm HEAD 24mm HEAD 19mm HEAD


COMPLETE WITH TUBULAR PROBE 1,25" 0,94" 0,75"
VELOCITY PROBE FLUSH PROBES

FP TYPE FS TYPE FD TYPE FL TYPE

ER PROBE ELEMENT CONFIGURATIONS

ELEMENT STYLES TUBULAR/CYLINDRICAL elements are robust and


reliable in volatile temperature or aggressive flow
Successful ER monitoring depends on correct situations. ER probes are glass welded sealed for
element selection. Process probes are available in isolation from the probe body and the elements are
TUBE LOOP, WIRE LOOP, TUBULAR, FLUSH and machined from a single billet so that galvanic
PITTING configurations. corrosion and weld corrosion will not effect the
performance.
TUBE LOOP AND WIRE LOOP elements are simple
and relatively easy to produce in a wide range of
materials at moderate cost. The elements are not FLUSH elements are used where conditions close to
physically robust and maybe unsuitable for use in a pipe or vessel wall are to be monitored or inhere
high velocity, turbulent or high-solids environments or solids or pipeline pigging would damage projecting
inhere conductive deposits may occur. styles.

Atmospheric and structural probes are derivatives of


this style. KS sales provide an advisory service on probe
selection by phone, fax or email. Please collect as
PITTING PROBE elements are most often used much of the application data as possible
instead of flush types in sour service, as the product (temperature, pressure, line diameter and wall
flow around the element tends to limits deposition of thickness, flow velocity, process composition) to
scale. assist us to advise you correctly.

62-21 6263520, 6267576, 70307792 (Direct), 6289919 (Direct)


62-21 6289919
2-3

Formula for flarweld Access fitting 5.25'' high.


All lengths in inch

Tubular & Wire Loop ER


P + W + 1.25'' = Order Length

Flush Probes ER
W + 2.5'' = Order Length

Note : For Tee Fittings over 5.25'' high add 1 inch


for each inch of additional height

Formula for Flanged Access fittings.


All lengths in inch.

Tubular and Wire Loop ER


S + W + P - 4'' = Order Length

Flush Probes ER
S + W - 2.9'' = Order Length

Pitting Probes
Use flush calculation and add 1 inch for full element
exposure.

Remarks:
P = Projection of device into pipe measured from pipe ID to tip of probe in inch
W = Wall thickness of pipe in inch
S = Total stand off from pipe OD to top of access fitting in inch
All order lengths must be given as whole numbers.
Note : for bottom of line monitoring allow clearance for probe in relation to pipe curvature.

PROBE CONSTRUCTION Higher temperature applications usually require all


welded tubular construction if in doubt, contact KS
The pressure integrity and fitness for purpose of sales for assistance. It is important to give as much
probes is priority. Standard probe bodies are made process information as possible when seeking
from 316SS material and have glass sealed assistance with probe selection.
connectors with silver plated pins. Materials are all
NACE MR-0175 and EN 10204 3.1b certified.
Sealing of the probe electrodes must be compatible SENSITIVITY
with the process composition, pressure and The quality of ER data is dependent on selecting an
temperature and KS cannot accept responsibility for element of appropriate thickness, the ideal average
probe problems arising from any incompatibility. KS corrosion rate 1% of useful element life in two days
can advise in this area. The sealing method is stated service. If conditions are changeable and it is
in the product code tables, for example, FS is a flush necessary to track changes with a more sensitive
glass sealed probe. Although there are some element, a faster response will be obtained with a
exceptions, epoxy resin probes are limited to 1500C thinner element but this may result in shorter probe
(2000C to order) while glass variants are suitable for life overall. SEE TABLE for detail.
2600C.
2-4

ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE PROBE GUIDELINE


PROBE ELEMENT RESPOND SPEED
LOW MEDIUM HIGH THICK USEFUL
CODE/DESCRIPTION NESS LIFE IN HOURS TO 1%
I N C INC OF LIFE AT
(MM) (MM) 100 MPY RATE

0.004 0.002
WT4 TUBE LOOP 24 12 6 3 2
(0.100) (0.050)

0.008 0.004
WT8 TUBE LOOP 24 12 4
6 3
(0.200) (0.100)

0.010 0.005
FL 10 FLUSH 24 12 6 3 5
(0.250) (0.125)

0.010 0.005
TL/TSA 10 TUBULAR 24 12 6 3 5
(0.250) (0125)

0.020 0.010
FL20 FLUSH 24 12 6 10
(0.500) (0.250)

0.020 0.010
TL/TS20 TUBULAR 24 12 6 10
(0.500) (0.250)

0.040 0.010
Wl80 WIRE LOOP 24 12 6 10
(1.00) (0.250)

0.080 0.020
WL40 WIRE LOOP 24 12 6 3 20
(2.00) (0.500)

Note: 24 = 2 year ; 12 = 1 year ; 6 = 6 month ; 3 = 3 month life time at corrosion rate as state above
2-5

ERTEMP

Features:
Detect significant range of temperature
Accurate measurements
Operating range -400C to 2600C

ERTemp probe developed by Korosi Specindo specially for metal loss and temperature reading. ERTemp
probe are available in Tube loop, Wire loop, Tubular, Flush and Pitting configuration. ERTemp obtained in non
conductive media with accurate result and can read differences every 10 C. The operating range is -400C to
2600C. ERTemp utilizes standard 6 pin connector.

Korosi Specindo has two ER instruments which read ERTemp probe, the portable model KSHHU-ER and
Field logger/transmitter model DCI-ER.

KSHHU-ER required extension adapter for direct measurement.

When ordering these probes add an initial T at the suffix of the ER probe ordering code.
2-6

MODEL T6200
ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE PROBE
TUBULAR ELEMENT

3.62

1.18

0.94

Specifications:
Mounting - Korosi Specindo 2'' Access System
0 0
Temperature Rating : 260 C / 840 F (TW & TV Element Type)
0 0
450 C / 840 F (TH & TT Element Type)
Pressure Rating : 3600 psi / 248 bar (TH, TT Element Type)
Element Seal Material : Welded
Probe Body Material : 316 SS

Model T6200 ER Probes are manufactured for Our Probe body's are machined from a single piece of
strength and reliability and designed to give accurate 316 stainless steel and are fitted with the robust MIL-
result. Standard elements are glass sealed for C5015 style connector. Alternative body materials
isolations to prevent premature failure due to galvanic available to order. All ER probes are factory tested
corrosion. All parts of the elements are machined for compatibility with a wide range of instrumentation.
from a single bar stock to give fast accurate Probe adapter are required to make the cable
temperature compensation. Also available in all connection to the probe.
welded construction.

62-21 6263520, 6267576, 70307792 (Direct), 6289919 (Direct)


62-21 6289919
2-7

To calculate the order length for standard 5.25'' access fitting :


P + W + 1.25 = Order length
Where : P = Projection of device into pipe measured from pipe ID to tip of probe
W = Wall thickness of pipe in inch
Note : For Access Fitting over 5.25'' high add 1 inch for each inch of additional height
Example : 8'' pipe, schedule 80 P = sensor probe on middle of line, 4 inch
W = 0.5 inch wall thickness
Length of Tubular Probe : P + W + 1.25
: 4 + 0.5 + 1.25 = 5.75 inch = 146 mm

ORDERING PROCEDURE
MODEL T6200
T6200 Tubular Element
T6200T Tubular Element With Temperature Sensor

CODE LENGTH ELEMENT


XXX Insert 3 digit length in inch

ELEMENT CONFIGURATION CODE


TW Tubular long welded
TV Tubular short welded
TH Tubular high temp. long
TT Tubular high temp. short

ELEMENT DIMENSIONS CODE


10 0.010'' wall thickness
20 0.020'' wall thickness
40 0.040'' wall thickness
80 0.080'' wall thickness

ELEMENT MATERIAL CODE


CS01 Carbon steel 1010
For other materials consult material code
data sheet

CODE CONNECTOR TYPE


10 Small Connector
20 Standard Connector

ACCESSORY
VS Velocity shield option
OO No device fitted

T6200 5.75 TV 20 CS01 20 VS

EXAMPLE : CLIENT ORDERING PROCEDURE

Note : 2'' system probe require extension adapter to connect with instrument.
Order : P/N EPKS-PL-092-for portable instrument
P/N EPKS-SW-206 for permanent connection instruments
Unit weight : 0.5 kg
2-8

MODEL W6211
ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE PROBE
LOOP ELEMENT

3.62

1.18

0.94

Specifications :
Mounting - Korosi Specindo 2'' Access System
0 0
Temperature Rating : 260 C / 500 F
Pressure Rating : 3600 psi / 248 bar
Element Seal Material : Glass
Probe Body Material : 316 SS

Model W6211 ER Probes are manufactured for Our Probe body's are machined from a single piece of
strength and reliability and designed to give accurate 316 stainless steel and are fitted with the robust MIL-
result. Standard elements are Glass sealed for C5015 style connector. Alternative body materials
isolations to prevent premature failure due to galvanic available to order.
corrosion. All parts of the elements are machined All ER probes are factory tested for compatibility with
from a single bar stock to give fast accurate a wide range of instrumentation. Probe adapter are
temperature compensation. Also available in all required to make the cable connection to the probe.
welded construction.

62-21 6263520, 6267576, 70307792 (Direct), 6289919 (Direct)


62-21 6289919
2-9

To calculate the order length for standard 5.25'' access fitting:


P + W + 1.25 = Order length
Where : P = Projection of device into pipe measured from pipe ID to tip of probe
W = Wall thickness of pipe in inch

Note : For Access Fitting over 5.25'' high add 1 inch for each inch of additional height
Example : 8'' pipe, schedule 80 P = sensor probe on middle of line, 4 inch
W = 0.5 inch wall thickness
Length of Tubular Probe : P + W + 1.25
: 4 + 0.5 + 1.25
: 5.75 inch = 146 mm

ORDERING PROCEDURE
MODEL W6211
W6211 Loop Element
W6211T Loop Element With Temperature Sensor

CODE LENGTH ELEMENT


XXX Insert 3 digit length in inch

ELEMENT CONFIGURATION CODE


WL Wire Loop
WT Tube Loop

ELEMENT DIMENSIONS CODE


04 0.004' wall thickness (only for WT type)
08 0.008'' wall thickness (only for WT type)
40 0.040'' wall thickness
80 0.080'' wall thickness

ELEMENT MATERIAL CODE


CS01 Carbon steel 1010
For other materials consult material code
data sheet

CODE CONNECTOR TYPE


10 Small Connector
20 Standard Connector

ACCESSORY
VS Velocity shield option
OO No device fitted

W6211 5.75 WL 40 CS01 20 VS

EXAMPLE : CLIENT ORDERING PROCEDURE

Note : 2'' system probe require extension adapter to connect with instrument.
Order : P/N EPKS-PL-092-for portable instrument
P/N EPKS-SW-206 for permanent connection instruments
Unit weight : 0.5 kg
2-10

MODEL F6212
ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE PROBE
FLUSH ELEMENT

3.62 3.62

1.18 1.18

1.25 1.25

Specifications:
Mounting - Korosi Specindo 2'' Access System
0 0
Temperature Rating : 150 C / 300 F (FL, AG & AF Element Type)
0 0
260 C / 500 F (FG & AG Element Type)
Pressure Rating : 3600 psi / 248 bar (FL & AF Element Type)
: 6000 psi / 414 bar (FG Element Type)
Element Seal Material : Epoxy
Glass

Model F6212 ER Probes are designed for application useful for obtaining an exact match with pipe wall
in oil and gas systems where it is necessary to thickness or as a spare part to cover several different
measure corrosion flush with the pipe or vessel wall. locations. For 5.25'' access fitting two standard
This is particularly important for bottom of the line length cover all possible pipe sizes and schedules
monitoring location where corrosive fluids can from 3'' to 20''. Refer to table below to select 1.25'' or
accumulate and in lines subject to pigging operations. 2'' length. For longer probes use the 'Flush'
The larger element surface area provides more calculation method and order as the shortest length
consistent data than smaller element designs. allowing a maximum of 1.38'' extension. Probe
Adjustable Flush probes with a variable length are adapter are required to make the cable connection to
the probe.

62-21 6263520, 6267576, 70307792 (Direct), 6289919 (Direct)


62-21 6289919
2-11

1. To calculate the order length for standard 5.25'' access fitting Flush probe :
W + 2.5 = Order length
Where : W = Wall thickness of pipe in inch
Note : For Access Fittings over 5.25'' high add 1 inch for each inch of additional height
Example : 8'' pipe, schedule 80 W = 0.5 inch wall thickness
Length of Flush probe : W + 2.5
: 0.5 + 2.5
: 3 inch = 77mm
2. To calculate the order length for standard 5.25'' access fitting Adjustable Flush Probe:
Nominal Pipe Size 1.25 (Short) AF 2 (Long) AF
3'' & 4'' All Schedules
6'' Schedule 5s to 160 Schedule XXS
8'' Schedule 5s to 120 Schedule 140 up
10'' Schedule 5s to 100 Schedule 120 up
12'' Schedule 5s to 80 Schedule 100 up
14'' Schedule 5s to 80 Schedule 100 up
16'' Schedule 5s to XS Schedule 80 up
18'' Schedule 5s to XS Schedule 80 up
20'' Schedule 5s to 40 + Sched. XS Schedule 60 & 80 up

ORDERING PROCEDURE
MODEL F6212
F6212 Flush Element
F6212T Flush Element with Temperature Sensor
CODE LENGTH ELEMENT
XXX Insert 3 digit length in inch

ELEMENT CONFIGURATION CODE


FL Flush epoxy seal long path 1.25
FG Flush Glass seal long path 1.25
AF Adjustable flush long path epoxy seal 1.25
AG Adjustable flush long path Glass seal 1.25

ELEMENT DIMENSIONS CODE


10 0.010'' wall thickness
20 0.020'' wall thickness
40 0.040'' wall thickness

ELEMENT MATERIAL CODE


CS01 Carbon steel 1010
For other materials consult material code
data sheet

CODE CONNECTOR TYPE


10 Small Connector
20 Standard Connector

ACCESSORY
00 No device fitted

F6212 3.00 FL 10 CS01 20 00

EXAMPLE : CLIENT ORDERING PROCEDURE

Note : 2'' system probe require extension adapter to connect with instrumentation.
Order : P/N EPKS-PL-092 for portable instruments
P/N EPKS-SW-206 for permanent connection instruments
Unit weight : 0.5 kg
2-12

MODEL S6400
SAND EROSION PROBE

3.62

1.18

1.25

Specifications:
Mounting - Korosi Specindo 2'' Access System
0 0
Temperature Rating : 150 C / 300 F
Pressure Rating : 3600 psi / 248 bar
Element Seal Material : Epoxy
Probe Body Material : 316 SS
Able to withstand turbulent flow conditions
Resists scaling & bridging in H2S environments.

Sand is often produced with the hydrocarbons from a The potential damage from produced sand is often a
sandstone reservoir and this damages both the sufficient threat to limit the rate of production. If
reservoir and the process plant unless it is adequately production is not constrained actual damage may be
controlled. Detection and measurement of sand is caused in days, or even hours, with little warning. In
possible with the sand monitoring system, using a either case the lack of information about sand
specially tailored metal loss sensor design with the production can result in loss of revenue. One key to
accurate instrumentation and a flexible software control is the continuous monitoring of the erosive
package. effect of the production. KS has unrivaled experience
The system uses many standard corrosion- in the measurement of metal loss in process
monitoring items to reduce cost and promote situations and has developed carefully selected
integration with a corrosion monitoring system. sensor materials to measure sand erosion.

62-21 6263520, 6267576, 70307792 (Direct), 6289919 (Direct)


62-21 6289919
2-13

The system gives a continuous on-line read-out; For severe erosion applications where along
essential when an early indication of sand service life is required, a tubular element in CRA
production is required. Only by relating events to placed across the flow may be selected. Custom
productions parameters can a full understanding configurations are available to order.
and control be established, erosion measurement
are independent of the noise which results from INSTRUMENTATION
slug-flow and multi-phase conditions The Probes, S6400 Sand Erosion probes are designed for use
which are installed in standard corrosion system the DCI Instruments series intrinsically safe ER
have vapor deposited corrosion system, resistant instruments. The transmitter output is made
allow elements able to achieve great sensitivity in available to a dedicated PC or DCS via a receiver
measuring metal loss when monitored by data card module and barrier. S6400 probes are
Collection Instrument (DCI). suitable for integration with other corrosion probes
(ER, LPR & Galvanic) into online system.
PROBE SELECTION
Monitoring can be installed to detect the on set of SOFTWARE
sand production where zero sand is the target System software for this equipment: is available,
(detection). Detection requires a very fast contact our sales team for details.
reacting design, so the detection layer consists of
only a few microns of gold laid onto a CRA
substrate.

To calculate the order length for standard 5.25'' access fitting:


'' Pipe OD + 2 = Order Length
Where : W = Wall thickness of pipe inch
Note : Add required projection for full element exposure add 0.95 inch
For Access Fitting over 5.25'' high add 1 inch for each inch of additional height.

MODEL S6400
S6400 Sand Erosion Probe
S6400T Sand Erosion Probe with Temperature Sensor

CODE LENGTH ELEMENT


XXX Insert 3 digit length in inch

ELEMENT CONFIGURATION CODE


DG Sand Detection Type Thin Film Gold

ELEMENT DIMENSION CODE


SA33 CRA Element Material, 316 SS Body

CODE CONNECTOR TYPE


10 Small Connector
20 Standard Connector

S6400 XXX DG SA33 20

EXAMPLE : CLIENT ORDERING PROCEDURE


2-14

MODEL B6215
ELECTRICAL PITTING PROBE

3.62

1.18

1.25

Specifications:
Mounting - Korosi Specindo 2'' Access System
Temperature Rating : 1500C / 3000F
Pressure Rating : 3600 psi / 248 bar
Element Seal Material : Epoxy 1.25
Probe Body Material : 316 SS
Monitor pitting corrosion
Able to withstand turbulent flow conditions
Resists scaling & bridging in H2S Environment
Suitable for a wide range of corrosion rates

The Pitting probe is a new configuration of Electrical The metal element assembly is a one piece
Resistance probe for monitoring in severe construction with an epoxy resin setting suitable for
environments where pitting attack is expected or hydrocarbon service up to 2000C. A wide range of a
where conditions are unsuitable for conventional element materials are available, elements are
Flush or Tubular probes. The probe has a narrow available between 0.004'' (0.1mm) and 0.040'
strip sample element in a circumferential band round (1mm).
a short cylindrical body.

62-21 6263520, 6267576, 70307792 (Direct), 6289919 (Direct)


62-21 6289919
2-15

To calculate the order length for standard 5.25'' access fitting:


W + 2.5 = Order Length
Where : W = Wall thickness of pipe in inch
Note : Add required projection for full element exposure add 0.95 inch
for access Fitting over 5.25'' high add 1 inch for each inch of additional height
Example : 8'' Schedule 80 pipe : W = 0.5 inch wall thickness
Length of Pitting Probe : W + 2.5 + 0.95
: 3.95 inch

ORDERING PROCEDURE
MODEL B6215
B6215 Pitting Probe
B6215T Pitting Probe with Temperature Sensor

CODE LENGTH ELEMENT


XXX Insert 3 digit length in inch

ELEMENT CONFIGURATION CODE


BE Band Epoxy 1.25 inch

ELEMENT DIMENSIONS CODE


04 0.004'' wall thickness
06 0.006'' wall thickness
10 0.010'' wall thickness
20 0.020'' wall thickness
40 0.040'' wall thickness

ELEMENT MATERIAL CODE


CS01 Carbon Steel 1010
For other materials consult material code data sheet

CODE CONNECTOR TYPE


10 Small Connector
20 Standard Connector

B6215 3.95 BE 40 CS01 20

EXAMPLE : CLIENT ORDERING PROCEDURE

Note : 2'' system probe require extension adapter to connect with instrumentation.
Order : P/N EPKS-PL-092 for portable instruments
P/N EPKS-SW-206 for permanent connection instruments
Unit weight : 0.5 kg
2-16

MODEL D6300
EROSION & CORROSION PROBE

3.62

1.18

0.94

Specifications:
Mounting - Korosi Specindo 2'' Access System
0 0
Temperature Rating : 150 C / 300 F
Pressure Rating : 3600 psi / 248 bar
Element Seal Material : Epoxy/Glass
Probe Body Material : 316 SS
Sensitive to Erosion & Corrosion
Able to withstand turbulent flow conditions

D6300 Electrical Resistance (ER) probes are of corrosion and erosion (total metal loss) is related to
designed to give information about the erosion/ the effect of corrosion alone. The differential being
corrosion relationship in a process environment by expressed as the ratio upstream loss to the
allowing separate readings to be taken on the downstream loss or the DUO EROSION INDEX. This
upstream and downstream sides of the probe. Any is a much more realistic expression of contribution to
differential that is measured can be related to the loss of wall thickness made of by erosion. By using
erosion monitoring with the ER uses a non- corroding this information the optimum operating condition can
electrode material that ignores the interaction be identified. The DUO Probe takes advantage of
between corrosion and erosion. The DUO method the ability of the DCI and KSHHU-ER instrument to
being based on the material of interest is able to show make measurements of the second electrode
how the degree of metal loss caused by erosion due combination within the probe by re-programming the
to the combined effect check feature.

62-21 6263520, 6267576, 70307792 (Direct), 6289919 (Direct)


62-21 6289919
2-17

When operating on automatic data logging the DCI they are made-up together using methods
will collect the upstream data continuously as if developed for our Adjustable Flush Probe range.
with a conventional ER probe. At the time that the
data module is retrieved a simple manual reading CALCULATION THE DUO EROSION INDEX
is taken to provide the downstream reading so that The following readings have been taken from the
the relative metal loss figures can be compared. probe: Upstream 1.270 and Downstream 1.160.
These ratios must first be turned into metal loss.
DUAL ASPECT PROBE ELEMENT This can be done by inserting the values into the
When making measurement with the portable standard equation, referring to a quick reference
KSHHU-ER both element are read and the DUO table. For this example on Upstream reading of
EROSION INDEX calculated. DUO probes are 1.270 is equal to a loss of 4.04 mils and a
available with the either a long (4'') or short (2'') downstream reading of 1.160 is equal to 2.61 mils.
electrode, and electrode material may be selected The DUO EROSION INDEX is calculated by
from a wide range of options. dividing upstream loss by downstream loss:
4.04
INSTALLATION = 1.54
2.61
DUO probes must be installed in the correct
orientation so that the upstream and the As well as providing the information that at this
downstream division is at right angles to the flow. location the effect of erosion is to increase normal
In order to do this with a KS600 2'' access fitting corrosion metal loss by about 50 %, it also provides
have provided a means for setting the electrode in a useful value to compare with other locations and
the correct orientation with the hollow plug after with future values from the same location.

To calculate the order length for standard 5.25'' access fitting:


W + 2.5 = Order Length
Where : W = Wall thickness of pipe in inch
Note : Add required projection for full element exposure add 0.95 inch
For Access Fitting over 5.25'' high add 1 inch for each inch of additional height

Example : 8'' Schedule 80 pipe W = 0.5 inch wall thickness

Length of Dual Erosion Corrosion : W + 2.5 + 0.95


: 0.5 + 2.5 + 0.95 = 3.95 inch

ORDERING PROCEDURE
MODEL D6300
D6300 Erosion & Corrosion Probe
D6300T Erosion & Corrosion Probe with Temperature Sensor
CODE LENGTH ELEMENT
XXX Insert 3 digit length in inch

ELEMENT CONFIGURATION CODE


DL Dual Erosion-Corrosion Element Long 4''
DS Dual Erosion-Corrosion Element Short 2''

ELEMENT DIMENSIONS CODE


20 0.020'' Wall thickness
40 0.040'' Wall thickness

ELEMENT MATERIAL CODE


CS01 Carbon steel 1010
For other materials consult material code data sheet

CODE CONNECTOR TYPE


10 Small Connector
20 Standard Connector

D6300 3.95 DL 40 CS01 20

EXAMPLE : CLIENT ORDERING PROCEDURE


2-18

LINEAR POLARISATION
RESISTANCE
Probe Guide

General Guide KS Series Probe Information

The LPR technique allows the calculation of the corrosion current flowing
between anodic and cathodic half cells. Measurements are made by applying a
small voltage, usually between 10 and 30 millvolts, to a corroding metal
electrode and measuring the resulting current flow. The ratio of voltage to
current - the polarization resistance - is inversely proportional to the corrosion
rate.

APPLICATION

LPR monitoring provides an instantaneous LPR is most commonly used when fluctuating
measure of corrosion and is often used as a corrosion rates may be expected over short
method for optimizing corrosion inhibitor intervals and inhere data on average rates
treatments. The technique is restricted to collected over a longer period may not be
conductive solutions and the best results are sufficiently informative. For example: Cooling
obtained in highly conductive media. Data can be Water System, Desalination Units, Waste Water
presented as an instantaneous rate in mils per year Treatment, Oilfield Water floods and Chemical
Cleaning.

A range of LPR Probe has been develop to meet different application including:
Series Description
KS600 Body mounting suitable for 2'' high pressure access fittings.
KS500 Retractable style 5/8'' body for use with packing gland.
L 300 Series Fixed length threaded bodies. NPT or BSPT male threads.
L 300 Series Adjustable length thread mounted bodies using swaged fittings NPT or BSPT.
L 300 Series Laboratory style plain bodies.

METHOD

LPR probes are configured in either 2 or 3 introducing a reference electrode adjacent to the
electrode styles. In the 2 electrode system a small test electrode in order to monitor potential in the
polarizing voltage is applied across the electrodes solution with a view to reducing the relative
and the resulting current flow is measured. The contribution of solution resistance to the series
current flow is governed by the resistence of the resistance path. Even so, 3 electrode system may
two electrode/electrolyte interfaces and also the still contain residual resistance which results in a
resistance of the intervening solution. In the 2 lower than actual corrosion rates reading. The 3
electrode system no account is taken of solution electrode system is recommended where high
resistance, which may or may not be of corrosion rates are expected in low conductivity
consequence. The 3 electrode system attempts solutions.
to minimize the effect of solution resistance by-

62-21 6263520, 6267576, 70307792 (Direct), 6289919 (Direct)


62-21 6289919
2-19

Typical Resistivity Values


Medium Resistivity Conductivity
Oils/non polar organics 100 Meg ohm/cm .01 micro ohm/cm
Pure distilled water 10 Meg ohm/cm 0.1 micro ohm/cm
Good distilled water 1 Meg ohm/cm 1.0 micro ohm/cm
Rain water 100k ohm/ cm 10 micro ohm/cm
Good drinking water 10k ohm/cm 100 micro ohm/cm
Range if industrial cooling water 1k-100 ohm/cm 1k - 10k micro ohm/cm
Sea water 10 ohm/cm 100k micro ohm/cm

KOROSI SPECINDO Probe Series For LPR Monitoring


KOROSI Manufacture a range of specialized KOROSI SPECINDO Projecting electrodes are
probes for LPR monitoring in either Flush or replaceable, being mounted on M3 (3mm)
projecting electrode 2 or 3 electrode threaded studs.
configurations. Flush electrodes are set in either These studs are made of carbon steel and are
epoxy resin or PEEK according to service the PEEK sealed in all probes except the laboratory
ability of PEEK sealing to withstand difficult style (LB series). Projecting and flush electrodes
process conditions is offset by a reduction in are available in a wide range of a materials.
electrode surface area, so PEEK seals are only
supplied to specific order.

Probe Construction
The pressure integrity and fitness for purpose of The sealing method is stated in this product code
probes is a priority. Standard probes bodies are tables, for example, FG is a flush glass sealed
made from 316SS material and have glass sealed probe. Although there are some exceptions,
connector with silver plated pins. epoxy resin probes are limited to 1500C (2000C to
Material are all NACE MR-0175 and EN10204 3.1b order) while glass variants are suitable for 2600C
certified. Sealing of the probe electrode must be higher temperature applications usually require a
compatible with the process composition, pressure mechanical construction. If in doubt, contact
and temperature and KOROSI SPECINDO cannot KOROSI SPECINDO sales for assistance. It is
accept responsibility for probe problems arising important to give as much process information as
from any incompatibility. possible when seeking assistance with probe
KOROSI SPECINDO sales can advise in this area. selection.
2-20

Formula for Flarweld Access Fitting 5.25'' high.


All length in inch

Access Flush Probes LPR


fitting
height W + 2.5'' = Order Length

Projecting LPR & Galvanic


Stand off
height "S"
W + P + 1.25'' = Order Length
(Note: Standard electrodes are 1.25 inch long)
Access Flange
face
fitting
height Note : For Tee Fitting over 5.25'' high add 1 inch for
height
each inch of additional height
Wall thickness "W"
Formula for Flanged Access fittings.
All lengths in inch
Projection
"P"

Flush Probes LPR


Internal diameter A + W - 2.9'' = Order Length
(= Max. projection+ clearance)

Projecting LPR & Galvanic


S + W + P - 4'' = Order Length

Remarks:
P = Projecting of device into pipe measured from pipe ID to tip of probe in inch
w = Wall thickness of pipe in inch
S = Total stand off from pipe OD to top of access fitting in inch

All order lengths must be given as whole numbers.


Note: For bottom of line monitoring allow clearance for probe in relation to pipe curvature.

Electrical Configuration:
Korosi - LPR series probes employ a 6 pin (male) connector of the standard type MIL-C-5015 with a
shroud and extra locating pin opposite pin F1. The standard wiring is:
Auxiliary Test Reference
Two Electrode ABCD EF -
Three Electrode AB EF CD

Customer may specify other wiring configuration when ordering or specify wiring for a specific make and
model of instrument, adaptor with cross-over wiring can supplied as an alternative to specially wired
probes.

Instrumentation:
See separate data sheets for our range of LPR measuring instrument including a portable model
KSHHU-LPR and data logging DCI-LPR.

Spare Electrodes:
Projecting electrodes sets may be ordered in a wide variety of materials.

62-21 6263520, 6267576, 70307792 (Direct), 6289919 (Direct)


62-21 6289919
2-21

LPR TEMP

Features:
Detect significant range of temperature
Accurate measurements
Operating range -40 C to 260 C
0 0

LPR Temp probe developed by Korosi Specindo specially for corrosion rate and temperature.reading. LPR
Temp are configured in either 2 or 3 electrode style. LPR Temp obtained in highly conductive media can read
differences of every 10 C change. The operating range is -400C to 2600C. LPR Temp utilizes standard 6 pins
connector.

Korosi Specindo has two LPR instruments which read LPRTemp probe, the model KSHHU-LPR and field
logger/transmitter DCI-LPR.

Direct measurement using KSHHU-LPR required extension adapter.

When ordering these probes add an initial T at the suffix of the LPR probe ordering code.
2-22

MODEL P6100
LINEAR POLARISATION RESISTANCE PROBE
PROJECTING ELEMENT

3.62

1.18

1.25

Specifications:
Mounting - Korosi Specindo 2'' Access System
0 0
Temperature Rating : 250 C / 500 F
Pressure Rating : 3600 psi / 248 bar
Element Seal Material : PEEK 1.25 inch
Probe Body Material : 316 SS

Model P6100 LPR Probes are manufactured for from a single piece of 316 stainless steel and are fitted
strength and reliability and designed to give accurate with the robust MIL-C-5015 style connector.
result. Standard elements are PEEK sealed for Alternative body materials available to order. All LPR
isolation to prevent premature failure due to galvanic probes are factory tested for compatibility with a wide
corrosion. All parts of the element are machines range of instrumentation.
from a single bar stock to give fast accurate Probe extension adapter are required to make the
temperature compensation. Also available in all cable connection to the probe.
welded construction. Our probe body's are machined

62-21 6263520, 6267576, 70307792 (Direct), 6289919 (Direct)


62-21 6289919
2- 23

1. To calculate the order length for standard 5.25'' access fitting:


P + W + 1. 25 = Order length
Where: P = Projection of device into pipe measured from pipe ID to tip of probe
W = wall thickness of pipe in inch
Note : For Access Fitting over 5.25'' add 1 inch for each inch of additional height
Example : 8'' Schedule 80 pipe P = Sensor probe on middle of line, 4 inch
W = 0.5 inch wall thickness
Length of Projecting probe = P + W + 1.25
= 4 + 0.5 + 1.25
= 7 inch

MODEL P6100
P6100 PROJECTING ELEMENT
P6100T PROJECTING ELEMENT With Temperature Sensor

CODE LENGTH ELEMENT


XXX Insert 3 digit length in inch

ELECTRODE CONFIGURATION CODE


PF Projecting Glass sealed stud 1.25"
PK Projecting Mechanical sealed stud 1.25"

ELECTRODE DIMENSIONS CODE


S2 2 Standard Electrodes
S3 3 Standard Electrodes (M3)
R2 2 Reduced Area Electrodes
R3 3 Reduced Area Electrodes (440 UNC)

ELECTRODE MATERIAL CODE


CS02 Carbon Steel 1018
000 Projecting Type Without Electrodes
For Other materials consult material code data sheet

CODE CONNECTOR TYPE


10 Small Connector
20 Standard Connector

P6100 7.00 PF S3 CS02 20

EXAMPLE : CLIENT ORDERING PROCEDURE

SPARE ELECTRODES
MODEL GMA-SPARE ELECTRODES
GMA GENERAL MECHANICAL ACCESSORY

CODE ELECTRODE
L Electrode Set For LPR Probe

ELECTRODE DIMENSIONS CODE


S2 2 Standard Electrodes
S3 3 Standard Electrodes (M3)

ELECTRODE MATERIAL CODE


CS02 Carbon Steel 1018
000 Projecting Type Without Electrodes
For Other materials consult material code data sheet

GMA L S3 CS02

EXAMPLE : CLIENT ORDERING PROCEDURE


2-24

MODEL F6112
LINEAR POLARISATION RESISTANCE PROBE
FLUSH ELEMENT

3.62

1.18

1.25"

Specifications:
Mounting - Korosi Specindo 2'' Access System
0 0
Temperature Rating : 250 C / 500 F (FL & AF Element Type)
2600C / 5000F (FG & AG Element Type)
Pressure Rating : 3600 psi / 248 bar (FL & AF Element Type)
6000 psi / 414 bar (FG & AG Element Type)
Element Seal Material : Epoxy
Probe Body Material : 316 SS

The Model F6112 ER probes are designed for Pipe wall thickness or as a spare part to cover several
applications in cooling water system where it is different locations. For 5.25" access fitting two
necessary to measure corrosion flush with the pipe or standard lengths cover all possible pipe size and
vessel wall. This is particularly important for bottom schedules from 3" to 20". Refer to table below to
of the line monitoring location where corrosive fluids select 1.25" or 2" length. For longer probes use the
can accumulate and in lines subject to pigging "Flush" calculation method and other as the shortest
operations. The larger element surface area length allowing a maximum of 35 mm extension.
provides more consistent data than smaller element Probe adapter are required to make the cable
designs. Adjustable Flush probes with a variable connection to the probe.
length are useful for obtaining an exact match with -

62-21 6263520, 6267576, 70307792 (Direct), 6289919 (Direct)


62-21 6289919
2- 25

1.25 2

F6112
F6112 Flush Element
F6112T Flush Element with Temperature Sensor

ELECTRODE MATERIAL CODE


1018

F6112

EXAMPLE : CLIENT ORDERING PROCEDURE

ELECTRODE MATERIAL CODE


1018

EXAMPLE : CLIENT ORDERING PROCEDURE