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1. ab initio - from the beginning.

Ex. If so, the growth of civilisation would have to begin again, but not ab initio.

2. Non-sequitur - a statement or conclusion that does not logically follow something said

Ex. The politicians excuse for his lies was a non-sequitur that had nothing to do with the facts.

3. Ex nihilo nil fit - From nothing nothing comes.

Ex. I know that by my talent; for I remember thus much philosophy of my school-
masters, ex nihilo nil fit.

4. Ex post facto - By reason of a subsequent act.

Ex. The caution holds true for those weighing the ex post facto accounts of former presidents.

5. Res nullius - Nobody s property.

Ex. a wild bird in a bush is res nullius, but a wild bird in someones hand is now that person's

6. onus probandi - the burden of proof

Ex. His delegation believed that there would be no justification in placing the onus probandi on
the protecting State, which would already need to prove that a link existed for the claim to

7. Bona fide - Sincere, in good faith

Ex. a claimant whose bona fides is unquestionable

8. Caveat emptor - Let the purchaser beware.

Ex. Due diligence will be more onerous, and the whole affair is likely to take much longer,
because the purchaser will assume caveat emptor applies.

9. Ceteris paribus - Other things being equal.

Ex. My father informed his colleagues that while he would change one aspect of the deal,
ceteris paribus, our total revenue would remain steady.

10. Consensus ad idem - Agreement as to the same things.

Ex. Where the parties are shown to have been Consensus ad idem as to the material conditions
of a contract, the onus of proving an agreement that legal validity shall be postponed until the
due execution of a written document lies upon the party who alleges it.

11. Corpus delicti - The body, i.e. the gist of crime.

Ex. The fact that the State was unable to produce a corpus delicti was a very strong point in
favor of the defendants.

12. Custos morum - A guardian of morals.

Ex. A self-righteous soul can identify himself as custos morum.

13. Damnum sine injuria - damage without legal injury.

Ex. In the Gloucester Grammar School Master Case, a new school opened near the plaintiffs
school, of which he was the headmaster, and this reduced the number of his students greatly,
causing him financial injuries as the result of the competition. The court held that this was a
case of Damnum Sine injuria i.e. damage without injury and no legal injury had been caused to
the plaintiff meaning his rights were not violated so the other schools owner will not be liable
for the injuries and will not have to pay any damages for the same.

14. De die in diem - From day to day.

Ex. The workers are paid de die in diem.

15. Doli incapax - Incapable of crime.

Ex. If the case proceeds to trial the defence counsel for the accused Sydney boys will use the
Doli Incapax as a defence in the proceedings

16. Dubitante - Doubting the correctness of the decision.

Ex. White acquiesced dubitante in the majority's conclusion that the Court has jurisdiction to
reach the merits.

17. In esse - In existence.

Ex. A covenant runs with the land if it relates either to a thing in esse, which is part and parcel
of the demise.

18. In extenso - At full length.

Ex. Marcel Pagnol reproduced in extenso the letter from the ambassador de Rouvigny to Louis
XIV, which denounced the conspirator and his accomplices.

19. In personam - Against the person.

Ex. Rule E applies to actions in personam with process of maritime attachment and
garnishment, actions in rem, and petitory, possessory, and partition actions.

20. Ipso facto - By that very fact.

Ex. If a crime occurs then there is, ipso facto, a guilty party.