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DEVELOPMENT OF PHILOSOPHY

Golden Mean life of moderation


Pre-Socratic Philosophy
Nichomachean Ethics code of conduct anchored on a
Miletus province of Ionia believed to be the birthplace persons strong sense of conviction of what is
of Philosophy good living

Ionian Philosophers first to employ a rational Condensation source of cold


explanation on the origin of the world devoid of
myths and fables Body Condensated air

Pre-Ionian Philosophy based the origin on myths Soul rarefied air

Thales of Miletus considered as the first philosopher; Rarefication source of heat


believed that the world is made up of
water Protagoras representative of the Sophists; for him,
man was the ultimate criterion of truth
Anaximander thing was apeiron or infinite
Protagorean claim gives idea that man is the absolute
Anaximenes believed turf was air possessor of truth

Heraclitus believed that the origin was fire Socrates knowledge and truth provoke the will to act
for the good
Classical Philosophy
Socrates wrote nothing; his philosophy were all PROCESSES IN SOCRATIC METHOD
reconstructions from the people who had Ironic Process sincere confession of ignorance
affiliations with him; focused more on Maeiutic Process dray the truth beyond essence
cultivation of the soul
- First major philosopher of ethics

Plato greatest disciple of Socrates

Socratic method form of dialog which bring forth


solutions to certain problems

Platos Philosophy: higher realm or reality than the


world perceived by mans senses

Platonic Realism states that a man should exert effort


to reach genuine wisdom to purify his soul and
reach higher degrees of knowledge towards the
path of purification

The Republic Platos political treatise; states that a


community should be ruled by a philosopher
king

Aristotle Platos student who criticized his theory of


forms; Father of Logic since he was the first to
build a system of formal reasoning

Syllogism conclusion is inferred from two other


premises