tutoring materials on applications of quadratic equations

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tutoring materials on applications of quadratic equations

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Quadratic Equations

Year 10 Mathematics

www.primeeducation.com.au

Applications of Quadratic Equations 1

Quadratic Equations

Question 1

Question 2

Five times a positive number is added to two times its square and the result is 168.

Question 3

Question 4

When the result of adding 2 to a number is multiplied by the result of subtracting 2 from the

same number, the answer is 21.

Question 5

A number is squared, and then added to the original number. The result is 20.

(b) Solve the equation to work out the two possible numbers. 1

2 Applications of Quadratic Equations

Quadratic Equations

Question 6

The number x has the property that when 4 is added to it, and the result is squared, the

answer is 49. There is also a negative number that has this property.

Question 7

Question 8

The sum of square of two consecutive positive odd numbers gives 290.

Question 9

The total profit, p, for a new product, measured in thousands of dollars, is determined by its

selling price, s, in dollars according to the formula p s 5 49 .

2

(a) Find the value of s which makes the product, which is when the profit is zero. 1

(b) Find the selling price of the product which gives a profit of $13 000. 1

Question 10

Applications of Quadratic Equations 3

Quadratic Equations

Question 11

A jewellery box has a square base with sides measuring x 2 cm and is 5 cm high.

(a) Write an expression for the area of the base of the box. 1

(f) Hence, find how many 1 cm square tiles could be inlaid in the lid. 1

Question 12

A painter drops a brush from a scaffold 2 m off the ground. The height, h m, of the brush

above the ground t seconds after it is dropped is given by the equation h 2 t 2 t .

(a) What is the value of h when the brush hits the ground? 1

(b) Rewrite the equation replacing h with the value it takes when the

brush hits the ground? 1

(d) Find the time it takes for the brush to reach the ground. 1

Question 13

The perimeter of a rectangular playing field is 170 m and the length of the diagonals 4

of the field is 65 m. Calculate the dimensions of the field.

Question 14

Calculate its dimensions.

4 Applications of Quadratic Equations

Quadratic Equations

Question 15

Question 16

A square enclosure with sides measuring x m has increased its area by having 1 metre added to

one side and 2 metres to the other side.

(b) If the area of the new enclosure is double of its original area, find x, 1

in its exact form.

Question 17

Question 18

Question 19

The product of two positive integers is 60 and the larger number is 4 more than the smaller

number.

Applications of Quadratic Equations 5

Quadratic Equations

Question 1

(a) Let x be the smaller number

x x 1 156

(b) x2 x 156 0

x 12 x 13 0

x 12 or 13

But x 13 , as the length must be positive

so x 12

Hence the numbers are 12, 13

Question 2

(a) Let x be the number.

5x 2x2 168

(b) 2x2 5x 168 0

2x 21 x 8 0

2x 21 0 or x 8 0

x 10.5 or 8

so the positive number is 8

Question 3

(a) Let x be the any number.

2 x 1 2 x 1

2 2

40

(b) 4 x2 4 x 1 4 x2 4 x 1 40

8x 40

x 5

2 5 1 9 ; 2 5 1 11

Hence the numbers are 9 and 11

Question 4

(a) Let x be the number.

x 2 x 2 21

(b) x2 4 21

x 2 25

x 5 or 5

Question 5

(a) Let x be the number.

x 2 x 20

(b) x 4 x 5 0

x 5 or 4

6 Applications of Quadratic Equations

Quadratic Equations

Question 6

(a) Let x be the negative number.

x 4

2

49

(b) x 4 49 7

x 7 4

x 7 4 or 7 4

x 3 or 11

so the negative number is 11

Question 7

(a) Let x be any number.

2x 12x 1 483

(b) 4 x2 1 483

4 x 2 484

x 2 121

x 121 11

2 11 1 21 ; 2 11 1 23

Hence the numbers are 21 and 23

Question 8

(a) Let x be any number.

2 x 1 2 x 1

2 2

290

(b) 4 x2 4 x 1 4 x2 4 x 1 290

8 x2 2 290

8 x 2 288

x 2 36

x 6

so the positive x 6

x 6 1 11 ; x 6 1 13

Hence the numbers are 11 and 13

Question 9

0 s 5 49

2

(a)

s 5

2

49

s 5 49 7

s 57

s 5 7 or 5 7

s 12 or 2

selling price cannot be negative

s 12

Applications of Quadratic Equations 7

Quadratic Equations

13 s 5 49

2

(b)

s 5

2

49 13 36

s 5 36 6

s 56

s 5 6 or 5 6

s 11 or 1

selling price cannot be negative

s 11

Question 10

(a) Let x be any number.

2x 2x 2 120

(b) 4 x2 4 x 120

4 x2 4 x 120 0

x2 x 30 0

x 5 x 6 0

x 5 or 6

even number must be positive

x 5

2 5 10 ; x 5 2 12

Hence the numbers are 10 and 12

Question 11

x 2

2

(a)

5 x 2

2

(b)

(c) 5x2 20 x 20

5 x 2 5 100 500 cm3

2

(d)

8 2

2

(e) 100 cm2

(f) 100 1 100 tiles

Question 12

(a) 0

(b) 0 2 t2 t

(c) t2 t 0

t 1t 2 0

t 2 or 1

(d) time must be positive

1 second

8 Applications of Quadratic Equations

Quadratic Equations

Question 13

Let the dimensions to be x and y

2 x y 170 1

x 2 y 2 652 2

1 x 85 y 3

substitute 3 into 2

85 y y2 4225

2

2y 2 170y 3000 0

y 2 85y 1500 0

y 25 y 60 0

y 25 or 60

Substitute y 25 or 60 into 3

x 60 or 25

Hence the dimensions are 60 m by 25 m

Question 14

Let the dimensions to be x, y

2 x y 48 1

xy 128 2

1 x 24 y 3

substitute 3 into 2

24 y y 128

24y y 2 128 0

y 2 24y 128 0

y 16 y 8 0

y 8 or 16

Substitute y 8 or 16 into 3

x 16,8

Hence the dimensions are 8m by 16m

Question 15

(a) x x 1 20

(b) x2 x 20 0

x 5 x 4 0

x 5 or x 4

x must be positive

x 4

thus 2 consecutive positive integers are 4 and 5

Question 16

(a) x 1 x 2

Applications of Quadratic Equations 9

Quadratic Equations

(b) 2x 2 x 1 x 2

2x2 x2 3x 2

x2 3x 2 0

3 32 4 1 2

x

2

3 17

2

the length must be positive

3 17

so x

2

Question 17

(a) Let x be any number.

x2 x 12

(b) x2 x 12 0

x 4 x 3 0

x 4 or 3

Question 18

x 2 x 1 x 3

2 2 2

x 2 4 x 4 x 2 2x 1 x 2 6 x 9

x2 4

x 4 2

x must be positive for a length

x 2

Question 19

(a) let the smaller number be x,

x x 4 60

(b) x2 4 x 60 0

x 10 x 6 0

x 10 or x 6

x must be positive

x 6

thus they are 6 and 10

10 Applications of Quadratic Equations

Quadratic Equations

www.primeeducation.com.au

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