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SANIMA HYDRO AND ENGINEERING (P.

) LIMITED Type : Detail Design


Engineering Department Title : Burried Steel pipe
Narayanchour, Naxal; G. P.O.Box. 19737, Kathmandu, Nepal

INPUT

General Input

Nominal Diameter Dn 4000 mm


Pipe outside diameter D 3950 mm
Working pressure Pw 1 N/mm2
Total Transient Pressure Pt 1 N/mm2
Field Test Pressure Ptest 1 N/mm2
Vaccum Pressure Pv 0.055 N/mm2
Height of Cover H 10.00 m
Height of Water above Pipe hw 2.00 m

Allowable Design stress for Cylinder Material S 250 N/mm2


Allowable stress at working pressure P w 50 % of min. yield
125 kN/mm2
Allowable stress at test pressure P t or Ptest 75 % of min. yield
187.5 kN/mm2
Pipe lining Cement mortar lining
Lining thickness 50 mm
Unit weight of soil S 19.00 kN/m3
Live load WL 0.00 N/mm
Bedding Angle 90.00 degree
Deflection lag factor DL 2.00
Modulus of soil reaction or soil stiffness E' 7 N/mm2
Modulus of Elasticity for Steel Es 2.07E+05 N/mm2
Modulus of Elasticity for cement mortar Ec 2.76E+04 N/mm2
Date : 18-Oct-17
ed Steel pipe Developed by : PRS
Checked by : NRJ
Approved by :

OUTPUT
Required thickness 16.68 mm
Check for deflection
Permissible Deflection 5.00 %
Percentage Deflection 7.86 %
NOT OK

Check for buckling considering soil load above


Safety factor FS 2.000
Unit wt. of water w 10.000 kN/m3
Water buoyancy factor Rw 0.934

Empirical coefficient of elastic support B' 0.678


Permissible Buckling Pressure qperm. 66.701 psi
Actual Buckling Pressure qactual 36.613 psi
OK
SANIMA HYDRO AND ENGINEERING (P.) LIMITED Type : Detail Design
Engineering Department Title : Burried Steel pipe
Narayanchour, Naxal; G. P.O.Box. 19737, Kathmandu, Nepal

Nominal Diameter Dn 4000 mm

Pipe outside diameter D 3950 mm

Working pressure Pw 1 N/mm2

Total Transient Pressure Pt 1 N/mm2

Field Test Pressure Ptest 1 N/mm2

Vaccum Pressure Pv 0.055 N/mm2

Height of Cover H 10 m

Height of Water above Pipe hw 2m

Allowable Design stress for Cylinder Material S 250 N/mm2

Allowable stress at working pressure P w 50 % of min. yield


125 kN/mm2

Allowable stress at test pressure P t or Ptest 75 % of min. yield


187.5 kN/mm2

Pipe lining

Lining thickness 50 mm

1.) Design For Internal Pressure


a. ) Thickness required at working pressure tw= PwD / 2 S

b. ) Thickness required at total transient pressure tpt= PtD / 2 S


Maximum thickness

2.) Check for Handling


Required thickness

Governing thickness

3.) Check for External Load


Unit weight of soil S 19.00 kN/m3

Live load WL 0.00 N/mm

Soil column load WC


W

Bedding Angle 90.00 degree

Bedding constant K

Deflection lag factor DL 2.00

Mean radius of pipe r

Modulus of soil reaction or soil stiffness E' 7 N/mm2

Modulus of Elasticity for Steel Es 207000 N/mm2

Modulus of Elasticity for cement mortar Ec 27600 N/mm2

Pipe Stiffness EI

Deflection x
Date :
Developed by :
Checked by :
Approved by :

Check for deflection


Percentage Deflection 7.86 %

157.60 inch Permissible Deflection 5.00 %


NOT OK
155.63 inch
Check for buckling considering soil load above
145.04 psi Safety factor FS 2.000

145.04 psi Unit wt. of water w 0.037

145.04 psi Water buoyancy factor Rw 0.934

7.98 psi Empirical coefficient of elastic support B' 0.678

32.81 f Permissible Buckling Pressure qperm. 66.701

6.56 f Actual Buckling Pressure qactual 36.613


OK

36.26 ksi

50 % of min. yield
18.1297125 ksi
Refrences
75 % of min. yield
27.19456875 ksi Formulas
Soil Column Load
Cement mortar lining

Deflection
1.97 inch
Water buyoncy factor
0.623 inch Allowable Buckling Pressure

0.415 inch
0.623 inch

0.657 inch

0.657 inch

120.95 pcf

- lb/in

4288.74 lb/in
4288.74 lb/in

90.00 degree

0.100

2.00

76.5016666667 inch

1,015.26 psi

30,022,803.90 psi

4,003,040.52 psi

3258837.83 in-lb

12.39 inch
18-Oct-17
PRS

Results
Required thickness
0.657 inch

16.679 mm

lb/in3

psi

psi

Formulas Remarks

Iowa
Formul
a
Conversion Factors to be used
Units Notes
SN From To From-To Multiplication Factor 1.) As per the American Spiralwe
1 mm inch mm-inch 0.0394 Normal Live Loads at depth e
2 N/mm2 psi N/mm2-psi 145.0377
3m f m-f 3.280839895
4 N/mm2 ksi N/mm2-ksi 0.1450377
5 kN/m3 pcf kN/m3-pcf 6.3659
6 N/mm lb/in N/mm-lb/in 5.71
7 kN/m3 lb/in3 kN/m3-lb/in3 0.00368
As per the American Spiralweld Pipe Literature
Normal Live Loads at depth exceeding 8 f are insignificant