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Abra (province)

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This article is about the Philippine province. For other uses, see Abra.
Abra
Province
Province of Abra

Abra Provincial Capitol

Seal
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 1735N 12045ECoordinates:
1735N 12045E
Cordillera Administrative
Region
Region (CAR)
Founded 10 March 1917
Capital Bangued
Government
Type Sangguniang Panlalawigan
Maria Jocelyn Valera-
Governor
Bernos (NUP)
Vice Governor Ronald S. Balao-as (NUP)
[1]
Area
4,165.25 km2
Total
(1,608.21 sq mi)
Area rank 29th out of 81
Highest elevation (Mount
2,454 m (8,051 ft)
Bangbanglang)
Population (2015 census)[2]
Total 241,160
Rank 68th out of 81
Density 58/km2 (150/sq mi)
Density rank 80th out of 81
Divisions
Independent cities 0
Component cities 0
Municipalities 27[show]
Barangays 303
Districts Lone District of Abra
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 28002826
IDD:area code +63(0)74
ISO 3166 code PH
Ilocano
Tinguian
Isneg
Spoken languages
Tagalog
English

Website www.abra.gov.ph
Abra (Ilocano: Probinsia ti Abra; Filipino: Lalawigan ng Abra) is a landlocked province of the
Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. Its capital is Bangued, and is
bordered by Ilocos Norte on the northwest, Apayao on the northeast, Kalinga on the mid-east,
Mountain Province on the southeast, and Ilocos Sur on the southwest.

Contents
1 History
o 1.1 Pre-colonial period
o 1.2 Spanish era
o 1.3 American period
o 1.4 World War II
o 1.5 Modern history
2 Geography
o 2.1 Administrative divisions
3 Demographics
4 Economy
5 References
6 External links

History
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (December 2015)

Pre-colonial period

The first inhabitants of Abra were the ancestors of the Bontocs and the Ifugaos. These
inhabitants eventually left to settle in the old Mountain Province. Other early inhabitants were
the Tingguians, or Itnegs, as they are also known.

Spanish era

In 1598, a Spanish garrison was established in Bangued to protect Christian Ilocanos from
Tingguian raids. Originally the area was called El Abra de Vigan ("The Opening of Vigan").
During the British Occupation of the Philippines, Gabriela Silang and her army fled to Abra from
Ilocos and continued the revolt begun by her slain husband, Diego Silang. She was captured and
hanged by the Spanish in 1763.

In 1818, the Ilocos region, including Abra, was divided into Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur. In
1846, Abra was created[3] as a political-military province with Lepanto as a sub-province. It
remained so until the arrival of the Americans in 1899.

American period
In 1908, the Philippine Commission again annexed Abra to Ilocos Sur in an attempt to resolve
Abra's financial difficulties. On March 9, 1917, the Philippine Assembly re-established Abra as a
province.[4]

World War II

In 1942, the Japanese forces occupied the Philippines and entered Abra.[further explanation needed]

Abra was liberated by the Philippine Commonwealth forces and local Cordilleran guerrillas
during the Battle of Abra in 1945, at the end of the Second World War.[further explanation needed]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (March 2016)

Modern history

The revolutionary Marxist priest, Conrado Balweg, who fought for the rights of the Cordillera
tribes, began his crusade in Abra. After successfully negotiating a peace accord with Balweg's
group in 1987, the Philippine government created the Cordillera Administrative Region, which
includes Abra.[5]

Geography
Abra is situated in the mid-western section of the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. It
is bordered by the provinces of Ilocos Norte on the northwest, Apayao on the northeast, Kalinga
on the mid-east, Mountain Province on the southeast, and Ilocos Sur on the southwest. Abra has
a total land area of 4,165.25 square kilometres or 1,608.21 square miles[6].

The province is hemmed in by the towering mountain ranges of the Ilocos in the west and the
Cordillera Central in the east. The Abra River runs from the south in Benguet to the west and
central areas, bisecting the whole Abra Valley. It is joined by the Tineg River originating from
the eastern uplands at a point near the municipality of Dolores.

Administrative divisions

Abra comprises 27 municipalities, all encompassed by a single legislative district.[6]

Municipality[i][ii] Population % p.a. Area[6] Density(2015) Brgy.


(2015)[2] (2010)[7] km 2
sqmi /km2 /sqmi
Bangued 20.0% 48,163 43,936 +1.76% 105.70 40.81 460 1,200 31
Boliney 1.5% 3,573 4,063 2.42% 216.92 83.75 16 41 8
Bucay 7.1% 17,115 17,126 0.01% 107.17 41.38 160 410 21
Bucloc 1.0% 2,501 2,176 +2.69% 63.77 24.62 39 100 4
Daguioman 0.9% 2,088 1,715 +3.82% 114.37 44.16 18 47 4
Danglas 1.7% 4,192 4,734 2.29% 156.02 60.24 27 70 7
Dolores 4.7% 11,315 11,499 0.31% 47.45 18.32 240 620 15
La Paz 6.4% 15,437 14,882 +0.70% 51.41 19.85 300 780 12
Lacub 1.4% 3,403 2,977 +2.58% 295.30 114.02 12 31 6
Lagangilang 5.9% 14,255 13,824 +0.59% 101.44 39.17 140 360 17
Lagayan 1.9% 4,499 4,477 +0.09% 215.97 83.39 21 54 5
Langiden 1.3% 3,198 3,170 +0.17% 116.29 44.90 28 73 6
Licuan-Baay (Licuan) 1.9% 4,689 4,864 0.70% 256.42 99.00 18 47 11
Luba 2.6% 6,339 6,391 0.16% 148.27 57.25 43 110 8
Malibcong 1.4% 3,428 3,807 1.98% 283.17 109.33 12 31 12
Manabo 4.5% 10,761 10,756 +0.01% 110.95 42.84 97 250 11
Pearrubia 2.8% 6,640 6,544 +0.28% 38.29 14.78 170 440 9
Pidigan 5.1% 12,185 11,528 +1.06% 49.15 18.98 250 650 15
Pilar 4.2% 10,223 9,908 +0.60% 66.10 25.52 150 390 19
Sallapadan 2.7% 6,622 5,985 +1.94% 128.62 49.66 51 130 9
San Isidro 1.9% 4,574 4,888 1.26% 48.07 18.56 95 250 9
San Juan 4.1% 9,867 10,546 1.26% 64.08 24.74 150 390 19
San Quintin 2.3% 5,438 5,233 +0.73% 66.59 25.71 82 210 6
Tayum 6.0% 14,467 13,940 +0.71% 61.14 23.61 240 620 11
Tineg 2.1% 5,097 4,668 +1.69% 744.80 287.57 6.8 18 10
Tubo 2.4% 5,699 5,719 0.07% 409.87 158.25 14 36 10
Villaviciosa 2.2% 5,392 5,377 +0.05% 102.93 39.74 52 130 8
T OTAL 241,160 234,733 +0.52% 4,165.25 1,608.21 56 150 303

Provincial capital Municipality

1.

Former names are italicized.


2.
T
h
e
gl
o
b
e

ic
o
n
m
ar
ks
th
e
to
w
n
ce
nt
er
.

Barangays

The 27 municipalities of the province comprise a total of 303 barangays, with Poblacion in La
Paz as the most populous in 2010, and Pattaoig in San Juan as the least.[7][6]

Further information: List of barangays in Abra

Demographics
The population of Abra in the 2015 census was 241,160 people,[2] with a density of 58
inhabitants per square kilometre or 150 inhabitants per square mile.

Abra's inhabitants are mostly descendants of Ilocano settlers and members of the Tingguian
tribe. Based on the 2000 census survey, Ilocanos comprised 71.94% (150,457) of the total
provincial population of 209,146. Tingguians came in second at 18.7% (39,115), while other
ethnic groups in the province were the Ibanag at 4.46% (9,334), Itneg at 3.17% (6,624), and
Tagalog at 0.42% (869).[8]

The predominant languages are Ilocano[9] and Itneg.[10]

Population census of Population by ethnicity


Abra (2000)[8]
Ethnicity Number
% 150,457 (71.94
Year Pop. Ilocano
p.a. %)
Tingguia 39,115 (18.70%
1990 184,743 n )
Ibanag 9,334 (4.46%)
1995 195,964 +1.11%
Itneg 6,624 (3.17%)
2000 209,491 +1.44%
Tagalog 869 (0.42%)
2007 230,953 +1.35%

2010 234,733 +0.59% Others 2,175 (1.04%)

2015 241,160 +0.52% Other


foreign 16 (0.01%)
Source: PSA[2][7][11]
ethnicity
Not
556 (0.27%)
Reported
Santa Catalina de Alejandria Parish
Church in Tayum

Economy
As of 1990, there were 743 cottage industries in Abra, of which 208 are registered with the
Department of Trade and Industry. 59% are engaged in bamboo and rattan craft making, both
leading industries in the area.

Abra's economy is agriculture-based. Its major crops are rice, corn, and vegetables, root crops;
commercial products include coffee, tobacco, and coconut. Extensive grassland and pasture areas
are used for livestock production.

References
1.

"List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical


Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 30 December
2013.
Census of Population (2015). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population
by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
Fernndez, Leandro Heriberto (1919). A Brief History of the Philippines. Ginn. p. 195.
"Act No. 2683; An Act to Authorize the Segregation of the Subprovince of Abra from the
Province of Ilocos Sur and the Reestablishment of the Former Province of Abra, and for Other
Purposes.". Supreme Court E-Library. 9 March 1917. Retrieved 18 March 2016.
"Executive Order No. 220; Creating a Cordillera Administrative Region, Appropriating
Funds Therefor and for Other Purposes". The LawPhil Project. Manila, Philippines. 15 July
1987. Retrieved 29 July 2016. Sec. 2. Territorial Coverage. For purposes of the CAR, the region
shall consist of the provinces of Abra, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga-Apayao and Mt. Province and
the chartered city of Baguio. Until otherwise provided by the Cordillera Executive Board (CEB),
the seat of the CAR shall be Baguio City.
"Province: Abra (province)". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine
Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)".
Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
"Abra: Housing Unit Occupancy Rate Nears 100%; Table 5. Household Population by
Ethnicity and Sex: Abra, 2000". National Statistics Office. 3 April 2002. Archived from the
original on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
Dalby, Andrew (2004-02-18). Dictionary of Languages: The Definitive Reference to More
Than 400 Languages. Columbia University Press. p. 264. ISBN 978-0-231-11569-8.
Tryon, Darrell T. (1994). Comparative Austronesian Dictionary: An Introduction to
Austronesian Studies. Ratzlow-Druck. p. 171. ISBN 3-11-012729-6.

11. Census of Population and Housing (2010). Population and Annual Growth Rates for
The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities (PDF). NSO.
Retrieved 29 June 2016.

External links

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Abra.

[show]Map all coordinates using OSM


Map all coordinates using Google

Media related to Abra (province) at Wikimedia Commons


Geographic data related to Abra (province) at OpenStreetMap
History articles and links on Bucay and Abra

[show]
Places
adjacent to
Abra
(province)
[hide]

v
t
e

Province of Abra
Bangued (capital)
Bangued
Boliney
Bucay
Municipalities
Bucloc
Daguioman
Danglas
Dolores
La Paz
Lacub
Lagangilang
Lagayan
Langiden
Licuan-Baay
Luba
Malibcong
Manabo
Pearrubia
Pidigan
Pilar
Sallapadan
San Isidro
San Juan
San Quintin
Tayum
Tineg
Tubo
Villaviciosa

Barangays See: List of barangays in Abra


[show]
Articles related to Abra
Categories:

Abra (province)
Provinces of the Philippines
States and territories established in 1846
1846 establishments in the Philippines

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This page was last edited on 16 August 2017, at 16:57.


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