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EJEMPLO ANALISIS PSEUDOTRIDIMENSIONAL

Profesor: Ing. Marco Antonio Sanchez Z.

Calcular las fuerzas ssmicas en el sentido X del edificio de la imagen, si se trata de la sala de operaciones de un hospital ubicado en la ciudad de Caman sobre un suelo intermedio y el tipo de estructura es
aporticado.
a) Calculamos la rigidez lateral KL para cada prtico

En este caso los Kli son datos del problema debido a que no se dieron las medidas de los elementos estructurales

200 -100 0
KLA -100 180 -90 tn/cm
0 -90 90

120 -65 0
KLB -65 125 -60 tn/cm
0 -60 60

360 -160 0
KLC -160 340 -180 tn/cm
0 -180 180

220 -110 0
KL1 -110 200 -100 tn/cm
0 -100 100

220 -110 0
KL2 -110 200 -100 tn/cm
0 -100 100

340 -140 0
KL3 -140 320 -160 tn/cm
0 -160 160

b) Calculamos la rigidez de cada prtico en coordenadas globales

Calculamos el centro de masas (En este caso es dato)

Xo(cm) Yo(cm)
1 400 510
2 460 450
3 430 480
Primer Nivel

Prtico Xi(cm) Yi(cm) cos sen r


A 0.00 0.00 0 1.00 - 510.00
B 0.00 487.50 0 1.00 - 22.50
C 0.00 875.00 0 1.00 - - 365.00
1 0.00 0.00 90 0.00 1.00 - 400.00
2 437.50 0.00 90 0.00 1.00 37.50
3 975.00 0.00 90 0.00 1.00 575.00

Segundo Nivel

Prtico Xi(cm) Yi(cm) cos sen r


A 0.00 0.00 0 1.00 - 450.00
B 0.00 487.50 0 1.00 - - 37.50
C 0.00 875.00 0 1.00 - - 425.00
1 0.00 0.00 90 0.00 1.00 - 460.00
2 437.50 0.00 90 0.00 1.00 - 22.50
3 975.00 0.00 90 0.00 1.00 515.00

Tercer Nivel

Prtico Xi(cm) Yi(cm) cos sen r


A 0.00 0.00 0 1.00 - 480.00
B 0.00 487.50 0 1.00 - - 7.50
C 0.00 875.00 0 1.00 - - 395.00
1 0.00 0.00 90 0.00 1.00 - 430.00
2 437.50 0.00 90 0.00 1.00 7.50
3 975.00 0.00 90 0.00 1.00 545.00
Matriz de Tranformacion

1.00 - 510.00 - - - - - -
GA - - - 1.00 - 450.00 - - -
- - - - - - 1.00 - 480.00

1.00 - 22.50 - - - - - -
GB - - - 1.00 - - 37.50 - - -
- - - - - - 1.00 - - 7.50

1.00 - - 365.00 - - - - - -
GC - - - 1.00 - - 425.00 - - -
- - - - - - 1.00 - - 395.00

0.00 1.00 - 400.00 - - - - - -


G1 - - - 0.00 1.00 - 460.00 - - -
- - - - - - 0.00 1.00 - 430.00

0.00 1.00 37.50 - - - - - -


G2 - - - 0.00 1.00 - 22.50 - - -
- - - - - - 0.00 1.00 7.50

0.00 1.00 575.00 - - - - - -


G3 - - - 0.00 1.00 515.00 - - -
- - - - - - 0.00 1.00 545.00
Rigidez en Coordenadas Globales

200.00 - 102,000.00 - 100.00 - - 45,000.00 - - -


- - - - - - - - -
102,000.00 - 52,020,000.00 - 51,000.00 - - 22,950,000.00 - - -
KA - 100.00 - - 51,000.00 180.00 - 81,000.00 - 90.00 - - 43,200.00
- - - - - - - - -
- 45,000.00 - - 22,950,000.00 81,000.00 - 36,450,000.00 - 40,500.00 - - 19,440,000.00
- - - - 90.00 - - 40,500.00 90.00 - 43,200.00
- - - - - - - - -
- - - - 43,200.00 - - 19,440,000.00 43,200.00 - 20,736,000.00

120.00 - 2,700.00 - 65.00 - 2,437.50 - - -


- - - - - - - - -
2,700.00 - 60,750.00 - 1,462.50 - 54,843.75 - - -
KB - 65.00 - - 1,462.50 125.00 - - 4,687.50 - 60.00 - 450.00
- - - - - - - - -
2,437.50 - 54,843.75 - 4,687.50 - 175,781.25 2,250.00 - - 16,875.00
- - - - 60.00 - 2,250.00 60.00 - - 450.00
- - - - - - - - -
- - - 450.00 - - 16,875.00 - 450.00 - 3,375.00

360.00 - - 131,400.00 - 160.00 - 68,000.00 - - -


- - - - - - - - -
- 131,400.00 - 47,961,000.00 58,400.00 - - 24,820,000.00 - - -
KC - 160.00 - 58,400.00 340.00 - - 144,500.00 - 180.00 - 71,100.00
- - - - - - - - -
68,000.00 - - 24,820,000.00 - 144,500.00 - 61,412,500.00 76,500.00 - - 30,217,500.00
- - - - 180.00 - 76,500.00 180.00 - - 71,100.00
- - - - - - - - -
- - - 71,100.00 - - 30,217,500.00 - 71,100.00 - 28,084,500.00
0.00 0.00 - 0.00 - 0.00 - 0.00 0.00 - - -
0.00 220.00 - 88,000.00 - 0.00 - 110.00 50,600.00 - - -
- 0.00 - 88,000.00 35,200,000.00 0.00 44,000.00 - 20,240,000.00 - - -
K1 - 0.00 - 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 - 0.00 - 0.00 - 0.00 0.00
- 0.00 - 110.00 44,000.00 0.00 200.00 - 92,000.00 - 0.00 - 100.00 43,000.00
0.00 50,600.00 - 20,240,000.00 - 0.00 - 92,000.00 42,320,000.00 0.00 46,000.00 - 19,780,000.00
- - - - 0.00 - 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 - 0.00
- - - - 0.00 - 100.00 46,000.00 0.00 100.00 - 43,000.00
- - - 0.00 43,000.00 - 19,780,000.00 - 0.00 - 43,000.00 18,490,000.00

0.00 0.00 0.00 - 0.00 - 0.00 0.00 - - -


0.00 220.00 8,250.00 - 0.00 - 110.00 2,475.00 - - -
0.00 8,250.00 309,375.00 - 0.00 - 4,125.00 92,812.50 - - -
K2 - 0.00 - 0.00 - 0.00 0.00 0.00 - 0.00 - 0.00 - 0.00 - 0.00
- 0.00 - 110.00 - 4,125.00 0.00 200.00 - 4,500.00 - 0.00 - 100.00 - 750.00
0.00 2,475.00 92,812.50 - 0.00 - 4,500.00 101,250.00 0.00 2,250.00 16,875.00
- - - - 0.00 - 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
- - - - 0.00 - 100.00 2,250.00 0.00 100.00 750.00
- - - - 0.00 - 750.00 16,875.00 0.00 750.00 5,625.00

0.00 0.00 0.00 - 0.00 - 0.00 - 0.00 - - -


0.00 340.00 195,500.00 - 0.00 - 140.00 - 72,100.00 - - -
0.00 195,500.00 112,412,500.00 - 0.00 - 80,500.00 - 41,457,500.00 - - -
K3 - 0.00 - 0.00 - 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 - 0.00 - 0.00 - 0.00
- 0.00 - 140.00 - 80,500.00 0.00 320.00 164,800.00 - 0.00 - 160.00 - 87,200.00
- 0.00 - 72,100.00 - 41,457,500.00 0.00 164,800.00 84,872,000.00 - 0.00 - 82,400.00 - 44,908,000.00
- - - - 0.00 - 0.00 - 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
- - - - 0.00 - 160.00 - 82,400.00 0.00 160.00 87,200.00
- - - - 0.00 - 87,200.00 - 44,908,000.00 0.00 87,200.00 47,524,000.00
c) Calculamos la Rigidez Total del Edificio

680.00 0.00 - 26,700.00 - 325.00 - 0.00 25,437.50 - - -


0.00 780.00 115,750.00 - 0.00 - 360.00 - 19,025.00 - - -
- 26,700.00 115,750.00 247,963,625.00 5,937.50 - 40,625.00 - 109,319,843.75 - - -
KT - 325.00 - 0.00 5,937.50 645.00 0.00 - 68,187.50 - 330.00 - 0.00 28,350.00
- 0.00 - 360.00 - 40,625.00 0.00 720.00 68,300.00 - 0.00 - 360.00 - 44,950.00
25,437.50 - 19,025.00 - 109,319,843.75 - 68,187.50 68,300.00 225,331,531.25 38,250.00 - 34,150.00 - 114,345,500.00
- - - - 330.00 - 0.00 38,250.00 330.00 0.00 - 28,350.00
- - - - 0.00 - 360.00 - 34,150.00 0.00 360.00 44,950.00
- - - 28,350.00 - 44,950.00 - 114,345,500.00 - 28,350.00 44,950.00 114,843,500.00

d) Calculamos el vector de fuerzas

Calculamos el cortante Basal

Z 0.45 V 63.7875 tn
U 1.5
C 2.5
S 1.05
R 8
P 288 tn Consideramos 1.1tn/m2 para primer y segundo
Consideramos 1.0tn/m2 para tercero

Calculamos las fuerzas inerciales

Piso P h Ph F
1 99 3 297 11.14
2 99 6 594 22.28
3 90 9 810 30.38
288 1701 63.7875
Calculamos centro de rigideces en y

680 -325 0 1 0.009


KX -325 645 -330 FX 1 DX 0.016
0 -330 330 1 0.019

0.009 0.226
DA 0.016 FA 0.235 Ycr1 655.16
0.019 0.273 Ycr2 572.61
Ycr3 565.91
0.009 0.058
DB 0.016 FB 0.249 ey1 145.16
0.019 0.182 ey2 122.61
ey3 85.91
0.009 0.717
DC 0.016 FC 0.516
0.019 0.545

Vector de Fuerzas

11.14 tn
0.00 tn
1616.73 tn-m El momento es la excentricidad por la fuerza
F 22.28 tn
0.00 tn
2731.20 tn-m
30.38 tn
0.00 tn
2609.49 tn-m
e)Calculamos la deformacion del edificio:

0.201522736 cm
-0.032100923 cm
0.000131742 rad
D 0.395108551 cm
-0.039720554 cm
0.000237045 rad
0.484240953 cm
-0.052933715 cm
0.000285913 rad

f) Calculamos el desplazamiento y fuerza en cada portico debido a la matriz de transformacion

0.2687 3.5643 tn
DA 0.5018 FA 7.5159 tn
0.6215 10.7731 tn

0.2045 -0.5658 tn
DB 0.3862 FB 6.0600 tn
0.4821 5.7526 tn

0.1534 8.1390 tn
DC 0.2944 FC 8.6991 tn
0.3713 13.8493 tn

-0.0848 -2.2918 tn
D1 -0.1488 F1 -2.8368 tn
-0.1759 -2.7115 tn

-0.0272 -1.0194 tn
D2 -0.0451 F2 -0.9442 tn
-0.0508 -0.5735 tn

0.0437 3.3111 tn
D3 0.0824 F3 3.7810 tn
0.1029 3.2851 tn