You are on page 1of 11

629.

7
. . , . . , . .

. -
, .

.
,
, .
,
-
, , 300 .
,

,
, ,
, .

-
.
' , .
. -

, ,
.
,
, -
, 300 .
,

, -
, , , -
.

The work objective was to develop a mathematical model of interactions between the railway vehicle and
the track considering the distribution of contact forces of the wheel-rail pair throughout contact spots. The
methods of mathematical modelling and the computer simulation, the theory of vibrations were used. The paper
presents a 3D mathematical model of interactions between the railway vehicle and the track. An approximated
technique to solve the problem of interactions between the wheel and the rail was proposed determining the loca-
tion and dimensions of non-elliptic contact spots, including conform contact, and the distribution of normal and
tangent interaction forces throughout those spots.
A comparative analysis of the results of contact interactions of the wheel-rail pair was conducted using the
model developed for calculating circular 300m-radius curve negotiating for the freight car equipped with the
wheels having a different profile of rims.
We came to the conclusion that the technique proposed for solving the 3D problem of interactions of the
wheel-rail pair offers the possibility of determining the parameters of different-configuration contact spots and
distributing contact forces by those spots. Thus, this technique can be used for calculations of the dynamic per-
formance and wear of the wheels of railway vehicles equipped with the wheels having both conform and non-
conform contacts with rails.

: , ,
.

,
.
.
. . , . . , . . , 2015
. . 2015. 2.

79
-

: -
-
, ,
.

,
,
, .

( )
,
-73.

,
[1].
-
.

. -
-
FASTSIM [2]. , ,
,
, , -
.
pn

2 N x 2 y 2
pn ( x , y ) 1 , (1)
ab a 2 b 2

N ; a, b ,
[3].

,
.
.
, .
-
, .
,

.
.
[4]
,
. -

80
, -
0,1 . - -
,
.
[5]
. -
, .
,
, . -
, ,
. -
-

,
.

,

, , -
, , .
-
.
WS WS ,
y , 2d,
R . -
fW y f R y . ,
, -
, .
. -
, ,
. . -
. S -
, . . 1 ,
-
, h -
.
D( y , ) f R ( y , ) fW ( y , ), -

. -
y , min D( y, ), -
. -
:
( ) -
, .
-
(, -
).

81

x

. 1
-
.
,
, -
,
. -
. -

WS , WS y -
, . -
, (. 2)
h, -
-
(. . 1).

fR(y,
fW(y, ) )

z
. 2

F( y , ) f R ( y , ) fW ( y , ) y, -
, -
. -

82
, S ,
(min) (max)
, (. 3). ,
, , S
, .

max

S y
min

. 3

-
. -
, -
.
, ,
0,5 , S . -
.
, [6]:

1

F
m m
Tk Fk k k k 1 ,
N k

Fk 350m N k rk , (2)
m 3,5,
k k k-
; Nk , k- -
; ; rk k-
.
k : -
k
WS ,

k (
2
k k )
2
1
2
( xk sec WS ) 2 ( yk sec k ) 2
1
2, (3)

xk , yk
k- .
-

83
k k
Tk Tk , Tk Tk . (4)
k k

n n
Tx Tk cos WS , Ty Tk sin k , (5)
k 1 k 1

n .
Nk

N k Skz sec k , (6)

S kz , -
S z

F ( y , ) , .

S z mRz zR K Rz ( zR z R ), (7)

mRz , -
; K Rz ; , -
; z R .
, , S z

.

S z1 S z 2 S z
z1 1 (8)
S tg S tg S z ,
z2 2 z

S z1 , S z 2 S z ,
; z -
z
y ; 1 , 2
,
.
(8)
z tg , 2
z tg .
2
S z1 S z
tg tg
1 2
S z2 S z
tg tg
2 1
(9)

S z1 , S z 2
.

84
-
-
,
, -
. WS , WS
y , -
,
.
: z ; -
(
); .
: (1 -
, 2 , 3 );
yW , xW yR , xR ; r

r0 ; tg
; , -
, .
, , -
, -
-
.
-

,
65 -
.
-
:
. -
-73-01,
.
-
. -
.
:
( 9036-88), -73 -73-01. . 4 , -
-
,
300 [7] 65. -
,
z x.

20 z (x ),

10 85

0
-70 -60 -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 y ,
-10

-20

-30

20 z (x ),
-73
. 4

. 4

S z
. 5, ,
ZOY, . 6.
, -
.

86
Sz,
10

8
x ,
0
-40 -35 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -8
-5 0 5 10
y ,
Sz,
10
-73

8
x ,
0
-40 -35 -30 -25 -20 -8
-15 -10 -5 0 5 10
y ,

Sz,
10

-73-01

8
x ,
0
-40 -35 -8
-30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10
y ,

. 5

87

-73

-73-01

. 6

:
-73-01 4 4,5
, [8].
, -
-
-
, -
,
, ,
.

88
1. / . . , . . ,
. . , . . , . . // . 2007. 2. . 18 22.
2. Kalker J. J. Some New Results in Rolling Contact / J. J. Kalker, J. Piotrowski // Vehicle System Dynamics.
1989. V. 18. P. 223 242.
3. Hertz H. Gesammelte Werke. V. 1 / H. Hertz. Leipzig, 1895. 155 s.
4. Guidelines to Best Practices for Heavy Haul Railway Operations : Wheel and Rail Interface Issues. USA :
International Heavy Haul Association, 2001. 482 p.
5. . .
: . . . . . : . 05.22.07
, / .
, 2004. 21 .
6. Ushkalov V. F. The Creep Force Model for Different Conditions of Wheel-Rail Rolling Contact /
V. F. Ushkalov, A. I. Alexandrov // Rail Transportation : Winter Annual Meeting of the American Society of
Mechanical Engineers. New York, 1989. P. 189 196.
7. . . -
/ . . , . . , . . //
. 2014. 3. . 23 27.
8.
/ . . , . . , . . , . . ,
. . , . . , . . , . . // . 2013.
4. . 136 145.

26.03.15,
15.05.15
,

89