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INGLS INSTRUMENTAL UPEL - BARINAS

REPBLICA BOLIVARIANA DE VENEZUELA


UNIVERSIDAD PEDAGGICA EXPERIMENTAL LIBERTADOR
INSTITUTO DE MEJORAMIENTO PROFESIONAL DEL MAGISTERIO
COORDINACIN DE INVESTIGACIN Y POSTGRADO
NUCLEO BARINAS

CONTROL DE LECTURA 1. (READING CONTROL 1)

PARTICIPANTES GRUPO # , SECCIN # 6:

Muscarneri Forte Miguel Tonino C.I.V.- 9266577


Rodrguez de Muscarneri Loida Eunice C.I.V.- 9262236
Bustamante Yurys C-I.V.- 17169955
Perna Jeniffer C.I.V.- 17467898
Angulo Nelly C.I.V.- 16858301
Gutierrez Aura C.I.V.- 16513229
Meza Nareily C.I.V.- 14171162

Barinas, julio de 2011

Julio de 2011
INGLS INSTRUMENTAL UPEL - BARINAS

CONTROL DE LECTURA 1. (READING CONTROL 1)

a) Selecciones True or False en las tems que se presentan al final de la lectura.


b) Extraiga de la siguiente lectura los diferentes Cognatos, Falsos Cognatos, palabras con
Sufijos y prefijos.
c) Escriba, en espaol y con sus propias palabras, un resumen de lo que entendi de la
lectura.

VOCABULARY
Many people consider that vocabulary is the most difficult problem when learning a new
language. But is that really true?
For speakers of Spanish, the vocabulary of English can be divided into these major
areas: technical vocabulary, very frequent words, relatively rare words, cognates,
and non-cognates. These categories are not mutually exclusive the word
important is frequent and a cognate; the word most is frequent and a non-
cognate.
The technical vocabulary of English consists mostly of cognates. They very
frequent words are mostly non-cognates.
Which are the most frequent words in English? The words: a, an, he, I, in, is, it,
of, that, the, to, and was. These twelve words represent approximately 60% of all
reading in English.
In academic texts, cognates represent about 20% of the words. If you are reading
an academic text and you have a vocabulary of the 250 most common words, and
you know the technical expressions, and you can recognize and understand the
cognates, you will have solved 60% + 20% = 80% of the vocabulary problem.
Of course, if you dont know the 250 most frequent words, your problem is greater.
What is the solution to this problem? Some solutions are:
a) To learn the meanings of the most common words.
b) To use your knowledge of the subject, your general comprehension (using the
claves) to infer the meaning of the words you dont know.
c) To use a dictionary.
It is best for you to decide individually which of these alternatives you prefer.
In conclusion, it seems that vocabulary can be a problem but it is only one of the
problems. It is probably not the most difficult problem. The essential thing is to
learn strategies for reading. If you have the correct strategies, you will find the
problem of vocabulary is vastly reduced.

Taking from: Gua de Ingls Instrumental de la Universidad Bicentenaria de Aragua

1. The text below suggests that vocabulary is the most serious problem in
language learning. TRUE _____ FALSE __X___
2. The text suggests that a small number of words represent a high proportion
of the words in a normal text. TRUE __X___ FALSE _____
3. The text suggests that technical vocabulary is generally similar in Spanish
and English. TRUE __X___ FALSE _____

Julio de 2011
INGLS INSTRUMENTAL UPEL - BARINAS

Cognates False Cognates Prefix Suffix


Consider Real ly
Vocabulary Many Non Cognates Speak er
Is A Re present Technic al
Difficult Most Ap proximately Relative ly
Problem (Of) Course Under stand Mutual ly
Language Best Most ly
Divided Vastly Approximate ly
Areas Great er
Technical Individual ly
Represent Vast ly
Rare Express ion

Personal summary.

Muchos consideran al vocabulario como el problema ms difcil en una lengua.


Realmente lo es?___________________________________________________________
El vocabulario en ingls est dividido en reas importantes: Vocabulario tcnico, el
frecuente, el relativamente raro, los cognates y los no cognates, cuyas categoras no son
exclusivas.________________________________________________________________
El vocabulario tcnico en ingls consiste en el uso frecuente de cognates y no cognates._
Qu es lo ms frecuente en el idioma ingls? Palabras como a, in, is representan
aproximadamente el 60% en el ingls. __________________________________________
En los textos acadmicos los cognates representan el 20% y contando con ms de 250 de
las palabras ms comunes y reconociendo algunas expresiones tcnicas y cognates;
sumaramos 80% de palabras que solucionaran el problema de vocabulario.____________
Si esto llegase a ser un problema, Cul sera su solucin? ________________________
a) Manejo de palabras ms comunes. ________________________________________
b) Usar destrezas de comprensin general a travs del uso de claves._______________
c) Usar el diccionario.____________________________________________________
Es indispensable decidir individualmente las preferencias de las alternativas del
problema. En conclusin el problema del vocabulario es parte de los problemas;
probablemente no el ms difcil, pero en esencia se puede decir que con el uso de
estrategias correctas se disminuira dicho problema.________________________________
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Julio de 2011