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A man's life today faces all sorts of challenges and obstacles that hamper his normal functioning and most of the time his pressure is too hard to handle. When we are expected to meet the changing demands, we undergo stress. Studies show that stress is a negative state of mind and since state of mind is changeable, stress is controllable. By adopting various stress management techniques and knowing exactly where the stress is coming from can release stress to a greater extent and give a sort of comfort and boost confidence. In the proceeding article the causes of stress and stress controlling techniques are elaborated clearly Introduction:In today's competitive world, tension and stress have become a part of a great concern for people. Many stress techniques have been put forth and some have succeeded and some have failed. However, before implementing the stress control techniques, it is inevitable to know what exactly 'Stress' is and why stress control techniques are necessary. What Is 'Stress':Stress is a strain, force, tension, emphasis, difficulty, breakdown, anxiety or depression. 'Stress' is what you feel when you have to handle more than you are used to. When one is stressed, one's body reacts as though one is in danger. 'Stress' in short, can be defined as too man thoughts, assembling simultaneously in one's mind and his inability to sort or decide which thought treat first. "Stress management" is simply the provision of 'stress-coping' techniques, to enable a person to fight against stress. Stress management is effective when a person utilized strategies to cope with or alter stressful situation.
Symptoms of Stress:One can notice the symptoms of stress in your thinking, behavior, mood and ability to take decision. By knowing that one is stressed, one can adopt stress managing technique to overcome it. Following are some symptoms of 'Stress':Causes Of Stress:'Stress' ia a series of dissapoinments.There can be various reasons behind people getting stressed.Stress can be classified as : ????Individual stress :- Individual stress is caused due to limitation of tolerance, self efficient, ambition mental power and capacity and role efficacy. ????Group stress :- Group stress is the stress that is caused due to some tensions, conflicts, frustrations or pressures within a group. They are caused due to interpersonal conflicts, cohesiveness of group members and unplesant attitude of group members ????Organigational stress :- Organigational stress is the stress caused due to following reasons within an organization or system :???????Social factors ???????Economical Factors ???????Market pressures ???????Technology and other changes. ???????Changing job profile ??Extra organizational stress :- Extra organizational stress is caused due to the extrinsic factor or factors outside a system. The following are the causes of extra organizational stress :?????Cultural changes ?????Global pressures ?????Changing social role ?????High standards and high expectations Types Of Stress :Knowing what is stress and and prior to adopting the stress and prior adopting the stress managing techniqes,it is always necessary to know which type of stress one is undergoing :
??Reproductive orgains :. This is known as "Chronic Stress" Chronic stress exercises great imapct or larger time period of stress over oneself. ??Cardiovascular Disease :. ??Stomach and intestinal problems. and erection problems. the stress response lasts longer. such as a difficult job situation or living with a chronic stress. and atleast 40% of all personnel turnover. Effects Of 'Stress': ???????Long Term Effect Of 'Stress' :Stress can affect oneself. problems with blood clotting and hardening of the artery (atherosclerosis).the real solution is however is to recognise that stress control is a leadership responsibility. Leaders who implement stress control strategies.response. Now a days the term 'target completion' is a prime cause of managerial stress. complaints etc. see the result in reduced absentism. The key to stress control on the managerial side is.people may get stress due to some problems related to finance. the "work culture also exercises some stress on the employees. overtime. If you have a chronic liiness such as AIDS or cancer.In the managerial scene of term. In an organizarion. Each day work stress is created with more than a million absences. ??Muscle pain :.Studies shows that stress is a primary cause of accidents.Stress and stress management techniques are more often a subject a subject of concern for corporate world. A digital thermometer can be used to evaluate changes in skin temperature. emotion.Hence.Stress is linked to a high blood pressure. shoulder.decreased fertility. Overtime.One way is through the use of the Holmes and Rahe Stress scale to rate stressful life events. people or manager who have to make things happen are subjected to 'Managerial Stress'.Stress can be classified in two types :a)Managerial Stress b)Working Stress a) Managerial Stress :. heart attack or even heart failure. .The instability of jobs or insecurity can be another such reasons. relation. stress can make the symptoms worse.Stress also affects rheumatoid arthritis.Changes in blood pressure and galvanic skin response can also be measured to test stress levels and changes in stress level. Competition and survival form the primary factor for stress.Excessive work load and meeting expectations of the managing committee can be a burning reason for stress on workers.diseases etc. quality control problems. medical claims and lost productivity.drawing blood away from extermities.In india. peptic ulcer disease and irritable bowel syndrome. and low back pain. with almost 50% of the workers complaining that their jobs are stressful. chronic stress can have an effect on :??The immune system :. Stress may be a factor in gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD). Measuring Stress :Level of stress can be measured. b)Worker's Stress :. abnormal heartbeat (arrhythmia)."Management" is getting things done through and with people.Thus.People who are stressed often have neck. "To understand a worker and his stress". Besides this .This may be caused by constant in the muscle because of stress. from colds and minor infections to major diseases. so that things can be got done through him.Stress is linked to painful menstrual period. It is also to linked to coronary artery disease. it is most difficult job to get things done. Chronic stress can be the result of a host of irritating hassles or a long term life condition. natural calamities.Leaders and managers can do more to control stress than all of individual stress relief techniques combined. It is no surprise that more than 2/3 of all medical problems are stress related. accident.Under stress the body tends to become more prone to illness.
Some of the stress management techniques are given bellow :???????Mediation :." In order to develop an effective stress management program it is first necessary to identify the factors that are central to a personal controlling his /her stress. whereas a feeling of well being result from approaching the world with a "quite mind". ???????Short Term Effects of 'Stress' :Stress that affacts you immediately is known as "Short term stress" 'Tension' is often the frist signal of acute stress. irritable and unable to cocentrate.??The lungs :. By adopting some useful and effective techiniques. providing them with strategies to help them cope and improving their confidence in their ability to do so. stating that it is ultimately a person's thought processes that determine the response to potentially stressful external circumstances.When you meditate your bring together all of the mind's energies and . stress can be controlled and it's effect can be mediated. and how you cope with the situation. b) Innate Health Model :The health realization / innate health model of stress is also founded on the idea that stress does not necessarily follows the presence of a potential stressor. Instead of focussing on the individual's appraisal of so-called stressors in relation to his own coping skills (as the transactional model does). Your stress level depends on how intense the stress is. This can be a warring to do something about stress to prevent long term effects of stress and enjoy a comfort. the health realization model focuses on the nature of thought. The model brakes the stressor stress link by proposing that is stressors are perceived as positive or challenging rather than a threat. disengage from it . and if the stressed person is confident that he / she possesses adequate rather than deficient coping strategies. such as sexual abuse or war experinces.how long it lasts. The body usually recovers quickly from acute stress.but it can cause problems if it happens too often or your body doesn't have a chance to return to normal. Lazarus and Flokman's interpretation of stress focuses on the transaction between people and their external environment. and to identify the intervention methods which effectively target these factor. acute stress can trigger an abnormal heartbeat(arrythmia) and enen a heart attack. Models Of Stress Management :- a) Transactional Model :According to 'Richard Lazarus' and 'Susan Flokman. In this model. The model proposses that stress can be reduced by helping stressed people change their perceptions of stressor.Tense muscles are tight and feel 'hard' the thouch.and access natural positive feelings will reduced this stress. stress results from appraising oneself and one's circumstances through a mental filter of insecurity and negativity." Or "as occuring when pressure exceeds one's percieved ability to cope. In people who have heart problem.Stress can make symptoms of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD). "inner wisdom" and "common sence". stress may not necessary follow the person of a potential stressor. ??Skin Problems :. Acute Stress problems :Acute (Short term) stress is the body's immediate reaction to any situation that seems demanding or dangerous.Stress can make disorders such as acne or psoriasis worse. Coping With Stress :Stress is controllable. worse. This model proposes that helping stressed individuals understand the nature of thought especially providing them with the ability to recognize when they are in the grip of insecure thinking.can cause acute stress disorder or post traumatic stress disorder post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). "Stress is the result of imbalance between demands and resources. A tense mind make you feel jumpy. Life threatenning or traumatic events. The model conceptualizes stress as a result of how a stressor is appraised and how a person appraises his / her resources to cope with the stressor.
able to let go of all concerns and tensions. it is better to keep a 'stress journal. ???????Relaxation :. ???????Look for solutions than problems. Try to distract yourself and switch on to some other involving activities. focus your thoughts and relax. ???????Sometimes. It is a stress relieving therapy. a comfortting image or your own breathing.the endocrine glandular. The optimal setting for mediation is a quiet. helps in reduction of stress ???????Physical exercises :. ???????Maintain your sense of humor. ???????Supportive culture and climate. Yoga helps you create dynamic peacefulness within yourself. one can switch on to some soothing music. ???????Time management:. a symbol. Cognitive therapy is a type of psychotherapy.including the central nervous. help to reduce stress to a greater extent.focus them on a word. ???????Eliminating fantasies. ???????Yoga :. Involving yourself according to your schedule.Timely pauses from work and relaxing a bit..as well as concentrate on techniques. ???????To relieve from stress and relax a bit. ???????Developing career paths. it is clear where strees is coming from.' Get a notebook and write down when something makes you feel stressed. Other such techniques are :???????Sharing of values and experiences. ???????Do not think too much about your worries. ???????Eliminating unwanted competition. In guided imagery audio instructions help you visulize the scene. ???????Discusing with your family and friends also acts as a remedy for stress relief. clean place.Timely and regular exercise. ???????One may not be able to get rid off stress. If you use this method . Yoga teaches you a series of stationary and moving poses called "Asans" and a form of health control knows as "Pranayama". timely completion of 'target' or 'goal' is possible thus reducing strees. but one can find ways to lower it. ???????Express your feelings instead of bottling them up. ???????Set realistic targets. and the digestive systems. So. a sound . .you wii imagine a scene in which you feel at peace. ???????Don't try to control events or other people. ???????Take a warm bath or shower.A proper schedule of your workor activities can reduce your stress to a greater extent. A short sound sleep is also a great stress reliever. ???????Manage time (in every aspect) ???????Prioritize your work (make an order list). ???????Have some time for yourself. Tips of coping with stress: ???????Take a mental break. can make other thoughts stop their entry in your mind. ???????Role clarity and avoid confusion.By showing down your mental activity taking your mind off the cause of stress. ???????Trying to reduce job dependency. Moreover. Yoga postures are designed to balance the different system of the body. ???????Participative mangement. and having you gently stretch your body in ways that massage your internal organs. People typically meditate sitting on the fllor or in a chair with their eyes closed A varition of traditional meditation involves guided imagery or visualization. The following simple things can help in reduction of stress: ???????Eliminating unwanted information.The term 'yoga' is a sanskrit word meaning "to unite".
and if taken in a negative way. eventually takes its toll. the results are positive. a high level of stress or for that matter even a low level stress spread over a long period. which has an impact on the employee's performance at work. and the performance declines . If taken positively. Conclusion: Stress can be both positive and negative. However. For most of the people. may yield disastrous results. low to moderate amount of stress enable them to perform their jobs better.???????"Delegate" tasks and break up big projects into smaller parts.
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