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DELL - CHENNAI

EARTH FAULT CALCULATION


Formula Used
Impedance of Supply System : Base MVA x 100 / Fault Level MVA
% Impedance of Supply System : Base MVA x 100

Fault MVA
Ohmic Value of Supply System : %Z x 10 x (KV) 2
Ohmic Value of Transformer : %Z of Transformer x 10 x KV2 /
Base KVA
Fault Current (Ig) : 3E / Zt
(As per IEEE Standard 80)
Area of Copper Conductor : Ig

log10 ((Tm-Ta / 234+Ta)+1)/(E x S)

DATA
Let Base MVA : 2.0 MVA
Fault Level of Supply System : 28.99 MVA
System Voltage 0.433 KV
Maximum Allowable Temperature of Cu strip 395 C
Ambient Temperature (Ta) : 45 C
Duration of Fault (S) : 3 Sec
% Impedance of 1600KVA Transformer : 6.25 %

Calculation
% Impedance of Supply System : (Base MVA x 100) / Fault MVA
: 6.90 %
% Impedance of 1600KVA Transformer : 6.25 %
Ohmic Value of Supply System : %Impedance of supply system) *10* (KV)*(KV)

Base MVA x 1000


: 0.00647 %
Ohmic Value of 1600KVA Transformer : 0.00586 %
Impedance Calculation:
+Ve Sequence Impedance of Supply System: : 0 + j0.00647
-Ve Sequence Impedance of Supply System: : 0 + j0.00647
+Ve Sequence Impedance of Transformer : 0 + j0.00586
-Ve Sequence Impedance of Transformer : 0 + j0.00586
Zero Sequence Impedance of Transformer : 0 + j0.00586
Total Impedance (Zt) : 0.03052 Ohms

Earth Fault Calculation:


Earth Fault Current (Ig) : 3E / Zt
: 24.57 KA
Earthing Conductor Size Calculation
(As per IEEE Standard 80)
Area of Copper Conductor required (A) : Earth Fault Current (Ig)
-------------------------------------
log10 ((Tm-Ta / 234+Ta)+1) / (KV x 3)
log10 ((Tm-Ta / 234+Ta)+1) / (KV x 3) : 0.521

Area of Copper Conductor required (A) : 47159.3


: 47.159 x 103 C mils.

Area of Copper Conductor required : 23.9 Sq.mm


(in Sq.mm)