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Bcrklec to y
A Forumfor Conte~mpor~zry
Musicand Musicians

14 AIf Clausen
1~;6: Theinsidestory on
scoringthe hil: series "TheSimpsons"
19 Windsof CDprice increase
up ahead?


LEADSHEETby David Mash.

Honorary degrees for Pat Methenyand Patti LaBelle, new trustees,
Bill Bresnahanprofile, faculty notes, visiting artists, and more

AGAINSTALL ODDSbyJulie Pampinella

Record numbers of internatonal students come to Berklee each year;
some have sacrificed much for the opportunity . 12

PRIMETIME TUNES by Mark L. Small 73

ON THE COVER:Composer Composer Alf Clausen 66: An inside view from one of Hollywoods
Alf Clausen 66 speaks about top TV composers 14
scoring "The Simpsons." Sto-
ry begins on page 14. Cover WINDSOF CHANGE by Peter Alhadeff
photo by Jim Hagopian. Recent U.S. music consumption and pricing patterns indicate
an industry-wide reorientation maybe on the horizon. 19

OTHERDOMINANTS by Jeff Friedman 79

Alternate approaches to dominant chord substitutions 22

News, quotes, and recordings of note ........ 24

CODA:by Anna Tonsinskaya 87

Music and Freedom 36

Berklce t o d ay
A Publication
of the Officeof Institutional
A New
MarkL Small73
Melisi Challenge
David Mash "76
of Public
of Publications
~~ ome of you reading this may knowme from when
wewere ..students (1973-76--I was a composition
major and guitarist), or from whenI was a teacher
Division (1975-83--harmony, arranging, ensembles, and ear
training), or from my days as Music Synthesis
LarryMonroe 70 Departmentchair (1984-89), or from morerecent days
for International
as assistant dean of curriculumfor academictechnology.
I:)onaldPuluse AsI write this article, I havea newrole as vice president
Division for informationtechnology.
Smith 75 Embarkingon this newchallenge, I looked around to
WritingDivision see howmuchtechnologyhas changedour lives over the
past 15 years--as musiciansand as citizens in society.
Officeof Institutional Advancement
Innovationssuch as the compactdisc, desktopmultitrack
digital recorders, MIDI,digital samplers,affordablekey-
John Collins board workstations,MIDIwind,string, guitar, bass, and
for Institutional
Advancement percussion controllers, and personal computers have
MarjorieOMalley changedhowwecreate, perform, produce, and distribute
of Development our music.Faxmachines,cellular phones,personalpagers,
Tryon82 personal computers,the internet andworld wideweb, and
of Corporate
Relations electronic mail have changedhowweaccess information
andcommunicate with one another.
of theBerklee
inLosAngeles In 1945LawrenceBerk set out to create a newtype of
school to focus on contemporarymusic and prepare stu-
SarahBodge dentsto face the challengesof the fast-pacedmusicprofes-
Directorof Development
for Alumni
sion. Hewantedto build a school whichwouldnot only
ChickaOkamoto be different, but better. Hehas beenquotedas sayingthat
to theVicePresident
for Institutional
Advancement "each September,wenot only start a newyear--westart a
newschool!" I keepthis in mindalways.
As the alumni-oriented music magazine of Berklee AsI begin mynewrole, I look to waystechnologycan
College of Music, Berklee today is dedicated to inform- serve us as wec, ontinueeachyearto create a newBerklee,
ing, enriching, and serving the extended Berklee commu- a differentandbetter Berklee.Weseek to enablestudents,
nity. By sharing information of benefit to alumni about faculty, andstaff to better communicate with one another,
college matters, music industry issues and events, alum- andto providegreater access to educationalresourcesfor
ni activities and accomplishments, and musical topics of supporting students through their journey to Berklee,
interest, Berklee today serves as both a valuable forum their studentyears, their professionallife, andas members
for our family throughout the world and an important of the Berklee alumni community.
source of commentary on contemporary music. For those whoare online, I invite youto visit our world
wide website at and to send
Berklee today (ISSN1052-3839)is publishedthree times a year email to meat Lets participate in
by the BerkleeCollegeof MusicOffice of Institutional Ad- continueddialog, and discuss howwecan better take
vancement.All contents 1996by Berklee College of Music. advantageof technologyto serve our goals of building a
Sendall addresschanges,pressreleases, letters to the editor,and
advertising inquiries to Berklee today, Box333, BerkleeCol- connected,online Berkleecommunity of active musicians,
lege of Music,1140Boylston Street, Boston, MA02215-3693, life-longlearners, friends, andcolleagues.
(617) 266-1400,extension 325. Alumniare invited to mail in Theseare excitingtimesto be alive, andI feel fortunate
details of activities suitable for feature coverage.Unsolicited
submissionsaccepted. to have the opportunity to contribute to the continued
growthand successof the college.
2 Berkleetoday Summer
Berklee b e a t

METHENYAND "Release Yourself," "Lady on Hollywoods "Walk of

LABELLE and "When
YouveBeen Blessed." The
Fame," a Grammyaward,
and the Congressional
This years academiccal- song choices celebrating Black Caucus medal. He
endar cameto a close on a Pat Methenys work also praised her untiring
high note for Berklees includedearly tunes suchas efforts for a widerange of
Class of 1996with a com- "Phase Dance," and later charitable organizations: of not8 mencementweekend hon- entries like "John McKee" Nine-time-Grammy
oring vocalist Patti LaBelle and "Minuano." A high winner Pat Metheny was
from about and guitarist/composerPat point was a string quartet introduced by President
Metheny. Their achieve- rendition of Methenys Berk as one who has
town and ments were celebrated at song "Jaco." It featured "reshapedthe voice of jazz
the May11 commencement brilliant passageworkand guitar," andadded"vibrant,
around the concert and again on soloing by violinists Evan imaginative, and enduring
Sunday,May12, whenthey Price and Felipe de Souza, contributions to the jazz
world each received honorary andviolist ValentinGregor, repertoire."
doctor of musicdegrees. and energetic walkingbass Among the personal
For the concert, lines from cellist Ina reflections Methenyshared
Berklees Yo Team Kemmerzehl. with graduates as the com-
Productions staff and 31 After the concert, Pat mencementspeaker, was
student singers andinstru- Methenysaid, "It is an this insight, that "perhaps
mentalists (all but seven incredible honor to be the most important com-
were graduating seniors) invited to return in this mitmentyou can makeis to
presented a tribute to the capacity.It is a little over- the music fan that lives
music of LaBelle and whelmingbecause it does- inside of you. Find out just
Metheny.Selections from nt seem that long ago-- whatit is about musicthat
Patti LaBellesspectacular although it has been 22 knocksyouout. In that dis-
35-year career included years now--sinceI taught covery,youll find mostof
at Berklee. Whateverthe what you need to knowto
vibeit is that is the Berklee take you wherever you
thing has traveled well over needto go."
the decades. It is hard to Summingup the week-
knowwhatto say about: the ends events afterwards,
musicaltribute. It is so rare Patti LaBellestated: "Ive
to hear mymusicplayed by beeninvolved in manycer-
anybodyelse. Thosetunes emonies, but never any-
are sucha part of me,it was thing like this--I have
an unbelievable experience neverreceived a doctorate.
just to sit there and hear That is something most
everybodyplaying them." people will never experi-
At the commencement ence. It is very special. My
ceremony, President Berk family members flew up
chronicled Patti LaBelles from Georgia and other
successful career and the parts of the country to be
HonoreesPatti LaBelleandPat Metheny withPresident many awards she has here today. This is an honor
Berk.Metheny wasthe 1996commencement speaker. received--including a star I wonttake for granted."
1996 Berklee today 3
Jazz bassist Milt Hinton, around the city. Also in and Count Basle, to namea installed at the Historical
who has taken nearly attendance were Hintons few. He has also performed Society building, and over-
40,000 photographs of fel- wife Mona, and David with contemporary artists saw the organization of the
low musicians since the Berger and Holly Maxson, such as Paul McCarmey, event.
mid-1930s, brought some whohave collaborated with Branford
of his best pictures to Hinton in organizing his Marsalis, and
Boston in February for an photograph collection and vocalists
exhibit sponsored by in publishing his two books Barbara St>
Berklee. The exhibit was of photographs. eisand and
part of Berklees Black "Milt Hinton continues Bette Midler.
Music Celebration during to be an inspiration as a Trustee Rod
this 50th anniversary year. musician, educator, and Nordell sug-
Thirty-six photographs photographer," President gested the idea
hung in the Oliver Roomat Lee Eliot Berk said in his of bringing the
the Massachusetts remarks before conferring Milt Hinton
Historical Society until the the degree upon Hinton. photographic
exhibit closed on March1. Amongthe photographs collection to
On February 13, the 85- Hinton discussed during Berklee as a
year-old Hinton traveled to his slide presentation were 50th anniver-
Boston from his NewYork images of a forlorn Billie sary event.
City hometo give a slide Holiday during her final Mrs. Susan
presentation of his pho- recording session, a picture Berk made all
tographs and to receive an of Branford and Wynton arrangements
honorary doctor of music Marsalis as teenagers, and a to have the Milt Hintondiscusses his photoswith
degree from Berklee. The group shot of Hintons photo exhibit fellow bassistFabianBausch 96.
evening ended with a favorite bass players.
gallery reception and view- The octogenarian
ing with Hinton. Hinton began working as a
Nearly 100 people freelance musician in the Yo~ur Source for the
attended the evenings late 1920s, and has per-
events at the Massachusetts formed with a long list of Fizzest Nazues in
Historical Society, includ- jazz greats, including Art Brass ;~ YVoodwinds
ing Berklee students, alnm- Tatum, Cab Calloway,
hi, faculty, staff, trustees, Dizzy Gillespie, Ben All Major BrandsNew,Used& Vintage
directors of the Historical Webster, Billie Holiday,
Full Line of Accessories
Society, media representa- Coleman Hawkins, Duke Trade-Ins Accepted
tives, and jazz fans fi~om Ellington, John Coltrane,
WeBuy UsedInstruments
CompleteRepairs & Restoration
-Expert Consultation
WeShip WoddWide

The "Hubof Musicin Boston"

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Boston, MA02115

Tel. (617);266-4727
FAX (617) 266-1517

Next to Symphony

Contact: Lee WalkowichClass of 81

Milt Hinton(right) withLeeEliot
Berkafter HintonreceivedBerkleeshonorary doctorate.

4 Berklee today Summer

After an extensive search for a
newchair for the MusicSynthesis
Department, Jan Moorhead has
been namedthe departments new
head. Hebrings to the post a diverse
experiencefromhis workas a musi-
cian, composer,educator, and as a
director of creative services in the
Moorhead grew up in the
Detroit area and earned his under-
graduate degree in music from
Michigan State University. He
Zildjian JackCoffey movedto Los Angelesin 1977. He
worked,extensivelyas a jazz bass[st
William M. Davis, chair of AmericanUniversity, and has stud- there, performingwith artists such
Berklees board of trustees ied guitar andpiano. as Eddie Harris, PonchoSanchez,
announcedin March,the appoint- Jack Coffey,president of Coffey Nat Adderley, ShermanFerguson,
ment of Craigie Zildjian, North Music Company in Norwood, and others. Healso operatedPulse
Americangeneral managerof the MA,has a long history of support- Music--a music production com-
AvedisZildjian Company, and Jack ing music education. A former pany wherehe created soundtracks
Coffey, president of CoffeyMusic president of the National for video, CD-ROM, multiscreen
Company, to the boardof trustees. Association of Music Merchants slide shows,andother projects.
In welcoming the newtrustees, (NAMM), he currently serves Hereceived his masters degree
Berklee President Lee Eliot Berk the boardof directors for both the in ethnomusicology fromCalifornia
stated, "Weare pleasedthat these AmericanMusic Conference, and State Universityat LongBeach,and
two individuals whohave demon- the NationalAssociationof School pursued[further post-graduatestud-
strated such long-standingdedica- MusicDealers. Coffeyis a trustee ies in electronics andprogramming.
tion to the future of musiceduca- of the Foundation for the He served as a faculty memberat
tion haveagreed to join our Board Advancement of Education in California State University at
of Trustees. As welook towardthe Music, and an active memberof Dominguez Hills and at Long
next50 yearsof the life of our col- organizanons such as the Beach City College, where his
lege, weare thrilled to add such MassachusettsCoalition for Music duties included teaching jazz
accomplishedmembersto our gov- Education, the International improvisation, bass and guitar,
ernance body." Associationof Jazz Educators,the MIDI,musicbusiness, and directing
Vice Chair of the Board at National Band Association, and ensembles.
Zildjian, Craigie was also named the Music Educators National Moorhead has frequently
North Americangeneral manager Conference.Coffey is a trombon- pennedtechnology-relatedarticles
of the companyin 1995. She has ist and a graduate of Boston for Db,ElectronicMusician,Start,
demonstrated a lengthy commit- Universitys School of and other magazines.Beforecoming
mentto musiceducationby initiat- Management. to Berklee,he servedas director of
ing various musicscholarship pro- Board chair Davis also creativeservicesat Dynamix, a divi-
grams,includinga scholarshipfund announcedthat long-time Berklee sion of Sierra On-Line,the largest
at Berklee in the memoryof her trustees Arif Mardinand Armand producerof entertainmentsoftware
grandfather, company founder Zildjian will now join Quincy for the PC.
AvedisZildjian. Additionally, she Jones 51 and industrialist Genko Hestates, "Imdelightedto come
has workedwith Bostonmusicedu- Uchidaon the colleges Boardof to Berkleeat a time whendramatic
cators to help launch Zildjians Overseers. Mardin,vice president changes are taking place. The
Inner City Program,offering per- of Atlantic RecordingStudios, has department is particularlyinterested
cussionclinics to Boston-areahigh served on Berklees board of in helping implementthe colleges
schooland middleschoolstudents. trustees since 1984. Armand goal of effectiveandappropriateuse
Zildjianearneda mastersin edu- Zildjian, father of Craig[e, and of technologyin education.Berklee
cation from BostonUniversity, an chair of the Avedis Zildjian is a change from the corporate
M.S. in personnel and human Company, has served on the board world of multimediadevelopment.
resource management from since 1984. Theopen and creative atmosphere-
hereis a real pleasure."
1996 Berklee
t o day 5
Video and Audio Clips

Berklee is now available via the World Wide Web. The initial site is intended to answer questions that potential students

will have about the college, and allow them to query the Admissions Department for more information, and/or an

application for admission. Included in the site is background information on the colleges mission, faculty, facilities,

majors, student life, and performance opportunities. There are also video and audio files that help to fill in the whole

Berklee picture, through interviews and short sound clips of college-produced recordings. The site is expected to

grow over time, as resources expand, to make room for a variety of other interest areas. Check us out at...
For this years Berklee Summer bassists and drummersto
Guitar Sessions, guitar faculty will rehearse for a concert
offer two weeksof intensive guitar performance at the end
instruction on both the East and of the week. Clinics and
West coasts. The L.A. session will concerts by faculty as
July 21-27. Sessions will be held well as guest artists are
on the campus of Claremont- scheduled throughout
McKennaCollege, in Claremont, the week. Past guest
California. The Boston sessions artists have included
will begin August 18 and wrap-up John Abercrombie,
Saturday, August 23. Michael Fath, Ben
Each day will be filled with Monder, and Carl
instruction on a range of topics. Verheyen. Fenders1995scholar.~hip winnerswith Fender
Fretboard harmony classes cover Tuitionis $425 ($375 representative George Blodgett (center).
scales, modes, and chord ~, for alumni). Roomand Fender is a major sponsor of the 1996 sessions.
voicings. Style work- . boardcost is $200. --
shops will explore~
blues, jazz, rock, ~
~ Additional housing information The registration deadline for
will be sent ut~on receipt of a the L.A. sessions is June 28, for
metal and fusion ~.2 completed registration torm. the Boston sessions, the deadline
guitar styles. ~ The Berklee Summer Guitar is July 31. For further information
Ensemble work- ~ Sessions are directed toward electric call (617) 266-1400extension 619,
shops will pair gui- ~ guitarists of all ages. Participants 511, or 2.94. The fax number is
tarists with top area must be at least 15 years old. (617) 375.-9228.

give perspective. In 1995, Harvards improvefinancial aid amidfederal cut-
per-student endowment was backs, meet newstaffing needs to sup-
The size of the endowment of a $393,514, Berklees was $28,478. port academic technology, and cover
college is often seen as a measureof Berldees ranked 172nd in a national maintenancecosts of newfacilities.
the quality of the institution because survey of the endowmentsof 308 pri- Berklee has remained strong in a
of the flexibility it provides to meet vately funded colleges. Our endow- period of demographic declines in
college needs---crises or opportuni- ment is about the average amountfor potential students. Because of our
ties. In a way, an endowmentis an a collegeBerkleessize. attractive contemporary music pro-
insurancepolicy for a colleges future. Because the endowment has so grams, we are well positioned to
Berklees endowmentwas created manydemands upon it, Berklee must increase enrollment as demographic
by gifts and funds generated within seek alumni, parent, corporate, and and economic conditions improve.
the college and the reinvestment of foundation support. Overall donor Our investments are solid. Thoughwe
income earned by our funds since support at Berkleeis far belowthat at have used endowmentreturns to meet
1945. A Boston Globe article noted most colleges (less than twopercent of operating budgets, those amountshave
Berklees endowment had the best total revenues). As a young school been modest. Increasing the endow-
growth amongNewEngland colleges. with many international alumni, we ment through institutional advance-
Berklees conservative policy of do not have a long tradition of exter- mentefforts will enable us to increase
spending from endowment, estab- nal giving. Therefore, we must contin- endowmentspending on scholarships
lished by our trustees, allows for ue to allow for a portion of the return and. capital improvements.
spending up to three percent of mar- from the endowmentto be reinvested Thanks to Berklees strong endow-
ket value each year. This is belowthe to provide for Berklees future needs. ment, we are not asking our donors to
four to five percent spending average Presently, we are making many giw.~ to charity, but rather to invest in
of manycolleges. It is required to pro- improvements to the college which music education. This will keep the
vide for real endowment growth have been paid for by borrowing. college strong and enable us continue
beyond inflation in these relatively Total outstanding debt is approxi- to prepare talented, innovative stu-
early years of our colleges life until mately$21 million, and is projected to dents for successful careers in music.
external giving sources can provide reach $45 million in comingyears as This will :further increase the value of
that neededincrease. we complete facility upgrades, wiring a Berklee education for past and
Manythink that because our $70 campusnetworks, and keep pace with future generations.
million endowment is relatively large contemporary music and educational
and well managed, we do not need technology. The debt is repaid from --DaveHornfischer, Vice President for
contributions. The following may operating funds while we try to: Administrationand Financeand Treasurer
1996 Berklee today 7
In the cooperativeBerklee-Boston
Berkleesfirst foray into graduate
education, the cooperativemaster of Conservatorygraduate program, the FUNDSSCHOLARSHIP
musicdegreein jazz studies, started composition emphasis expands the
studentsstrengthsin jazz writingar~d Kao Infosystems Company
twoyears ago andthe first graduates of Plymouth, MA,a leading
of the programhave received their related topics of formand orchestra-
tion. Throughinstruction in tradi- manufacturerof CDs,recently
degrees. Berklee entered into this
agreement with the Boston tional andjazz composition,the sin- established a $10,000endowed
dents refine their skills to develop, scholarship at Berklee. The
Conservatory during the 1993-94
schoolyear andthe first twostudents evaluate, edit, and orchestrate their Kaoscholarship will. benefit
musical ideas. The pedagogyempha- students pursuing multimedia
entered jazz performancecourses in
the fall of 1994.Bythe fall of 1995, sis providesthe studentwiththe skills course work within the Music
necessaryto teachin a variety of areas TechnologyDivision.
offerings expandedto include two
withina schoolor collegejazz studies In conjunction, Berklee is
other options--jazz compositionand workingwith Kaoto produce a
jazz pedagogy--andenrollment grew program.There is special focus on
developing strengths in arranging, CDCROM project showcasing
to 10 students. various careers in multimedia
AlthoughBerkleeplays an assist- performance, improvisation, al~d
teaching methods. The performance titled "Virtual Vocations."The
ing role in this program(under the project, whichis scheduledfor
current charter, the college cannot emphasisincreases students perfor-
manceskills throughprivate lessons, completion this summer,com-
grant graduatedegrees),there are dis-
tinct benefits derived from this improvisation, and ensembleexperi- bines the musicaltalents of stu-
ences. Thecurriculumprepares grad- dents enrolled in Berklees
arrangement.Half of the 32 required interactive multimedia class
credits are taught byBerkleefaculty. uates for professionalperformance ;as
well as teachingpositions related to with the multimediaauthoring
The conservatory awards credit,
jazz performance. skills of Berkleesdigital media
maintainsstudent records, andissues developmentemployees.
the degreeitself, androundsout the Applicationfor admissionis made
first to the Boston Conservatory. Kaos Director of Human
curriculum by offering courses in
Berkleeadmissionspanels consisting Resources,Bill Grovetant,has
their areaof specialization. found the collaboration to have
Graduatetraining has alwaysbeen of faculty and administrators then
reviewa candidates materials. Some manybenefits. "Kaospartner-
a doorwayto teaching in post-sec- ship with Berklee has allowed
ondary institutions. While most financial assistanceis available from
both institutions. For informationon us to create a quality product
Americanuniversities require the
application requirementsand finan- by tappinginto the creative tal-
doctoral degree for full-time employ- ent and multimedia acumen
ment, manycommunitycolleges hire cial assistance, call either Officeof
full-time instructors with a masters Admission. The phone number for which you dont find at many
the Boston Conservatory is (617) colleges," he said. "Weare very
degree. Aswell, recent specifications
536-6340,extension116; for Berklee, excited about working with
by the Massachusetts Departmentof Berklee, and we are pleased
Education state that K-12 teachers (800) 421-0084.
should have a masters degree for --Bob Myers, Associate VP for that the Kaoscholarship will
support continued student
standardcertification. AcademicAffairs~Curriculum
involvementwith multmedia."
Doug Roerden, media
development specialist at
Berklee,expressedsimiliar sen-
timents: "The CD-ROM
offers our students a tool for
practical training in multime-
dia, and will provide an excel-
lent introduction to new
careers in newmediafor high
schoolandcollege students."
Berklees partnership with
Kao Infosystems began in the
fall of 1995whenthe company
madea gift to the college of
5,000 CDsto be packagedwith
the colleges history, Berklee:
TheFirst Fifty Years.
a blind,autistic,musical
received his perfor-
diplomain May.CBS-TV
is planninga movie
his lifes story.
8 Berklee
t oda y Summer
WhenBill Bresnahan reaches Bres was looking for more
over to pick up the guitar, you structure in his guitar studies
knowyoure going to hear what whenhe ran into Bill Leavitt and
was impressed watchinghim read
he calls "a little pieceof business,"
a finely polishedjazz gem,played throughparts at a bandrehearsal.
with subtlety and swing. His goalLawrence Berk later brought
as a teacher has always been to Leavitt onto the Berkleefaculty.
pass on these gemsand tips he In his years of study with
pickedup fromthe masters. After Leavitt, not only did Bresfind the
25 years of teachingfor Berkleesstructure he wasseeking, but he
Guitar Department,Bres (as he is wasalso introducedto the Boston
fondly knownby his peers and music scene. Hewent to all the
students)retired in May. clubs whereLeavitt playedto lis-
Bres attended the original ten andlearn. Leavitt got Breshis
Schillinger Housein the 1950son first club gig backingup singers. Jerry Bergonzi
the G.I. Bill. Theentire student WhenLeavitt becamethe chair-
body at the time numberedabout man of Berklees Guitar I I11,11~11
;ilDiIl,l:t I [~1~|1:1;I
I :!,1
forty, and he was one of only twoDepartment,Bres was one of the VOL, 2 "PENTATONICS
first instructorshe hired.
guitar studentsat the schoolstudy- (124 page book w/CD) $ 29.95
ing with TedSimonelli. There was Bres can look back on a long Manyof the great modern players have
only one big band at the school and rich teaching and performing pentatonics at their command and melodic
then, but there wasalso a "combo career. His musical path has led disposal. The book orovides a practical yet
ensemble." Bres remembersthat him to becomeacquainted with creative approachto assimilating pentatonics
someof the finest players in the into your melodic musical reservoir. Theauthor
the teacher, Pete Cutler--who
has taught this methodover manyyears and it
business. He and the late Wes
could play in 7/8 time while talk- has proven ~o be very successful.
ing-would sit at the piano sur- Montgomery became good Chordchanges are included for C Concert, B~
roundedby students. Eachstudent friends. Oneof his fondest memo- and E~, instruments.
wouldtake a turn soloing. ries is of a dayin a local clubwhen The accompanyingrecording has been design.ed
Bres remembersthat as he took WesMontgomery said to him, "I for use in conjunction with the text. Thereare
18 tunes for you to play along with, featuring
his turn, he thought he wasdoing wantyou to go up and play a cou- Renato Chicco on piano, Dave Santoro on bass
ple of tunes for mybirthday."Bres
okay,but after hearinga tape of the and AdamNussbaumon drums, plus eight
session, his perspective changed.went up and sat in with demonstration tracks performed by the author
"God protects us from knowing Montgomerysrhythm section, on tenor sax.
how badly we play," he says. including the great WyntonKelly. also available
"WhenI heard the tape I was Lookingback on his years at VOL.
shocked!" Cutlers encouraging Berklee,Bresstates, "It seemslike A step by step methodfor learning to play
assessment was simply, "So you it went by very fast--until the over chord changes.
just haveto practice." final weeks.Thenit was kind of (96 page book w/CD) $ 29.95
like the week before Christmas -fhe system presented in this volumeprovides
whenyou are a kid." Bres looks a tangible pathwayto inside the creative
forwardto life at his newhomein imagination by getting inside harmony,inside
NewHampshire where he plans the changes. There are nine tunes to play
along with, each played at a slow and then
to pursuehis manyother interests
mediumtempo, plus 12 demonstration tracks
like running,hiking,target shoot- performed by the author on piano and/or tenor
ing (he saysits great for develop- saxophone. Chord changes and examples are
ing focus), expandinghis laser disc transposed for all instruments.
collection, and learning more
aboutanimalrights. "MELODIC
(VHS-Video) $ 49.95
Berklee has been fortunate to
have a teacher like Bres for the 11 lessons with master teacher/saxophonist
Jerry Bergonzi, based on his above method.
past quarter of a century, passing
on the rich heritage of jazz guitar
Published by ADVANCE
to newgenerationsof guitar stu-
dents. ~ Available from your favorite music supplier or
directly from the publisher:
Bill Bresnahan:ABill Leavittpro- --Steve Carter 80
tege,retiringafter25years. AssociateProfesso~Guitar ADVANCEMUSIC
Maierackerstr. 18. 72108 Rottenburg N.
Phone: 07472 - 1832 Fax: 07472 - 24621
Percussionist Victor Mendoz.a Lewis Nash on drums.
participated in the opening of the Trombonist TomPlsek, and
International Percussion Weekin bassist JohnVoigt performed in
Mexico, and conducted several "Cage for Trombone," a concert
clinics. presented by the Mobius Artist
SaxophonistBill Pierces latest Group featuring music by com-
CDEpistrophy is on the Evidence poser John Cage.
label. The disc includes one Pierce Berklees Vice President of
original, and tunes by Thelonious Administration DaveHornfischer
Monk,Sonny Rollins, and pianist and his wife Elsa cowrote Mother
On Saturday evening, October 19, Donald Brown. KnewBest: Wit and Wisdom from
Berklee will celebrate the second Composer Thomas McGah the Mornsof Celebrities for the
annual Encore Gala at the Harvard received a commission from the Penguin/Plume publishing com-
Club of Boston. Massachusetts Cultural Council to pany. Featured are words from the
Twenty top faculty and student write a composition for the mothers of Sting, Duke Ellington,
ensembles will present performances Concord Band. "Reflections of George Gershwin, Van Cliburn,
Emerson," based on the writings Dolly Parton, and 96 other rooms.
in a range of contemporary musical
styles--jazz, gospel, blues, rock, big of Ralph Waldo Emerson and Guitarist Leo Quintet0released
scored for concert band with nar- the CDNothing Serious, featuring
band, reggae, bluegrass, and more--
in eight nightclub settings. A silent rator was premiered in March. five of his pieces. Bassist Oscar
auction featuring treasures ranging Guitarist DanB0wdenhas tran- Stagnar0is also on the disc.
from autographed guitars to one-of- scribed the work of blues great DrummerSkip Haddenreceived
a-kind works of art will go on Fred McDowell for a book pub- a service to music education award
throughout the evening. lished by Mel Bay Publications from the Polish National Ministry
Last years gala raised over entitled Fred McDowelhThe Voice of Culture for his efforts over the
$100,000, with proceeds benefiting of Mississippi Delta Blues Guitar. past 10 years in affiliation with
the Berklee City Music (BCM)pro- DeannaKidd received an award Polands Jazz Society.
gram, a programwhich assists at-risk marking 20 years of service in Trombonist Hal Crook head-
Boston youth. BCMreinforces the music education at the March 4 lined a March 11 concert backed
college potential of talented Boston Womenin Music Event. by guitarist Mick Goodrick 69
high school students through the RobinCoxe-Yeldham received an and drummer Paul Motian to a
summer performance program and award recognizing her 20-year packed Berklee Performance
year-round mentoring. career and her contributions as a Center. The event was sponsored
For sponsorship opportunities, womanin audio at the 99th Audio by the National Endowment for
call Director of Corporate Relations Engineering Society (AES) inter- the Arts, and launched their
Beverly Tryon, at (617) 366-1400, national convention in NewYork. month-long tour of Europe.
extension 660. Vocalist IV~ili Bermej0 released NYCRecords has released sax-
her fifth album, Identidad, for the ophonist GeorgeGarz0nes latest
Xenophile/GreenLinnet label. album Zoning In. The disc also
INCREASEINCOMEAND Accentuate the Positive is a CD features saxophonist Joe Lovano
celebrating the music of Harold 72, keyboardist Joey Calderazzo,
REDUCE TAXES Arlen, performed by trombonist bassist John Lockwood77, and
Phil Wi~s0n and pianist P~ul drummerBill Stewart.
The Berklee Plan can help you Schmeling. DonPuluseengineered Pianist DeanEarl, saxophonist
reduce income taxes, capital gains and coproduced the recording. Bill Thompson, bassist RonMahdi,
taxes, gift and estate taxes. Howdoes Guitarist MikeIhde and song-- and drummer(Berklee trustee) Rod
it work? You transfer assets to writer Pat Pattis0n were awardeci Rerdell performed at a Fulbright
Berklee for free professional man- the 1995 Country Songwriter of Award ceremony at Harvards
agement. You will then receive the Year award by the Fogg Museumin May.
incomefor life, and the college owns Massachusetts Country Music Bassist BruceGertz released a
the assets. Youreduce tax on capital AwardsAssociation for their song new CDtitled Discovery Zone fea-
gains and can claim a 1996 charitable "Love Her or Leave Her to Me." turing John Abercrombie 67,
deduction. Pianist TimRayreleased Ideas Jerry Bergonzi 69, Joey
For information on the plan, call andOpinions, his first recording as Calderazzo, and Adam Nussbaum
Vice President of Institutional a leader on the GMlabel. The CD playing a selection of Brucesorig-
AdvancementJohn Collins at (617) features Rufus Reid on bass and[ inal compositions.
266-1400, extension 450.

10 Berklee today Summer

For the spring semester, mancesand guest clinicians
the Visiting Artist program Pat Martino, John Scofield,
brought some of the top and Mike Keneally.
performers, songwriters, Larrydacobson, director
composers, and music busi- of recording administration
ness professionals to the for MCARecords, gave a
college for a closer look at seminar on the workings of
what has madetheir careers major label A&Rdepart-
so special. mentpractices.
The MP&E Division Saxophonist Joe L0van0
brought sound designer, held a question and answer
keyboardist, and producer session, played standards

with a piano trio, and then Attorney LaurenDavis

free improvisation witlh the discussed how entertain-
African drum ensemble. ment lawyers shop a deal
AnneBraithwaite and for musicalartists.
Brian Colemanof Boston Cubas premier Afro-
musicpublic relations firm Cuban drummer Ignacio
Braithwaite and Katz, Berr0a, fielded questions
shared tips on how new about his work with Dizzy
artists can get the media Gillespie, Jaco Pastorius,
exposure they need for a Wynton Marsalis, McCoy
career boost. Tyner, and others.
Jazz pianist and rausic Top Latin jazz pianist
therapist Dr. LouiseMontello DamiloP~rez88 returned
conducted a discussion and to campusto participate in
demonstration of tech- Piano Weekactivities. He
Joe Lovanoworkswith faculty drummer
JameyHaddad. niques for achieving a also performedin a concert
stress-free performance. celebrating women in
music with vocalist Lalah
Jeff Bova and engineer
Hathaway90 and drummer
John Jansen to present a TerriLyneCarrington 83.
number of master classes
Award-winning record-
and studio demonstrations
ing artists and producers
during their five weekstay.
Terry Lewisand JimmyJam
Bassist Jeff Andrews,
presented a clinic on the
sideman to Michael
business of production.
Brecker, Wayne Shorter,
Saxophonist MarkVinci,
Mike Stern, and a host
spoke about his sideman
other jazz artists, gave a
work and his new album
bass master class in March.
Grand Slam.
Poll winning guitarist
MikeStern presented a dis-
cussion and mini concert to
a packed Performance
Center audience on March
28. That evening, guitarist
Lent Stern (Mikes wife) Above:LenieSternandfac-
joined guitar faculty Robin ulty member Lauren
Stone, Lauren Passarelli, Passarelliat the BPC.
and Abigail Aronson in a
concert celebrating women Right: Vocalist/guitarist
in music. Jonathan Butler gave a
This years Guitar Week, clinic anda concert
as part
April 16-20, featured a of the February Black
record i3 faculty perfor- MusicCelebration1996.

1996 Berklee today 11

Against the Odds

by Julie Pampinella

B n a recent issue of the Chronicle of Higher

Education, experts voiced concern over dwindling
of America would broadcast jazz by Berklee players in
Europe, building Berklees reputation over the airwaves as
enrollments of foreign students at American colleges the place to study popular music." Since then, Berklee has
and universities, placing the national average at three developed a reputation as a place where players from
percent. In stark contrast to that trend, Berklees Office around the world could communicatein the international
of the Registrar reported that for the spring semester language of music.
international students accounted for a whopping40 per- UnlikeAmericanstudents, getting accepted to the college
cent of the student body. is onlyhalf of a foreignstudentsbattle. In additionto finan-
"Berklee has always had a high profile with interna- cial issues and a paper chase with the U.S. Immigrationand
tional students," says Larry Monroe,associate vice presi- Naturalization Service, hundredsof foreign students makea
dent for international programs at Berklee. "From the calculated risk pulling up roots and comingto Boston to
start, Lawrence Berk was devoted to making Berklee an pursue their musical dream. Not surprisingly, somestudents
international place of learning. Even back then, the Voice havelived epic tales in their journeyto Boston.
"I walked 100 kilometers in these shoes," says
singer/songwriter and keyboard player Ignace
Ntirushwamaboko, pointing to a pair of once-white leather
sneakers, tattered along the perilous path that stretched
betweenwar-torn Rwandaand the refugee camps in Zaire.
Enroute, Ignace and his family witnessed the unbelievable
brutality of the 11994conflict betweenthe Tutsis and Hums.
A radio journalist, Ignace was forced to flee Rwanda
when the capital fell. The ill-equipped Rwandanarmy
urgedthe populationto flee, and led a massexodusto Zaire.
"There were a million people in the street," Ignace recalls,
still amazedtwoyears later.
During the dangerous trek with his then-pregnant wife
Marianneand their youngson Christian, the family some-
how eluded the gunfire which killed manyaround them.
Even as he steppedover bodies, Ignaces faith in Godgave
him the hopethat his family wouldsurvive.
Fulbright scholar Ignace Ntirushwamaboko, his wife Ignace had the same conviction that they would some-
andsonsChristopher(left) andChristian(right) how makeit to Boston, and Berklee. He had been accept-

12 Berklee today Summer

ed almost a year before his escape. At a faculty membersto
refugee camp set up on a runway in Germany, Italy,
Goma,Zaire, he managedto get the Japan, Argentina,
attention of Voiceof Americajournal- and elsewhere for
ist Larry James, on assignment in the clinics and schol-
region. Throughthe efforts of James, arship auditions.
the U.S. Information Agency,Berklee, Thirty-six-year-
and the Fulbright program, Ignace old Argentinean
receiveda Fulbright scholarship, a stu- Farall wona partial
dent visa, and the chance for a new tuition scholarship
beginning for himself and his family. at an "On the
Nowa second-year student, Ignace is Road" audition
writing songs inspired by his experi- tour. A pianist and
ence. MIDI enthusiast,
Sometimes, although the student he had exhausted
mayhavefilled all necessaryqualifica- the music education NeguiCapriles"96:"Many takea risk now.If their econ-
tions for entry into Berklee, political resources available omygetsworse,they mightnot havethe chance later. "
red tape can keep him or her from to him in Buenos
entering the United States. Aires. The scholar-
"Despite mucheffort on the part of ship afforded him the chance to come Venezuela, "Myfamily wanted me to
the student and the college," says Luca to Berkleeand Bostonwith his wife. In stay with myfathers band," she says,
Benedetti, international advisor in the his switch to music, he left behindthe "but I knew what I wanted to do. I
Office of Admissions, "in some coun- promiseof a career as a pediatrician. "I applied to Berkleesecretly, and visited
tries the consulate will choose not to dont think I had the nerve to handle the college during myvacation."
give the student a visa. Undeterred, being a pediatrician and seeing people Negui also hopes one day to raise a
manyof these students will keep try- suffer," he says. family--something which is nearly
ing." Despite Faralls strong desire to impossible on the road. "Becoming
This begs the question whyforeign study music, the decision to turn his an arranger would allow me to have a
students flock here in such numbers, back on a medicalcareer wasdifficult. homelife," she says. It wasdifficult to
despite a morass of complicated forms Like manyin Argentinean society, his leave financial independence behind
and financial and political obstacles. parents--both physicians~dont view and becomea student, relying on my
According to Ignace, Berklee was the musicas a career. This madehim seri- parents again."
logical choice of the manyschools he ously ponder his choice. Lookingback ]Economicrecession in Venezuela
considered for someof the most obvi- on it he laughs, "Whenpeople back has made her budget even more tight
ous reasons. "Berkleewasthe first col- homeask what you do for a living, and than when she enrolled at Berklee
lege to respond to myinquiries, and you say youre a musician, they say three years ago. "Last year, inflation
had the best choices of majors and yes, but what do you work at?" in Venezuelawas up 300 percent. This
classes in the catalog. I sawthe list of Whenhe receives his degree a year year, it rose another 100 percent. It
musicians that studied at Berklee and from now,Jorge plans to workas a pri- costs me maybe 15 times as muchto
they were people I listened to in vate teacher, and composeand arrange study now."
Rwanda."Jorge Farall, a student from for musicaltheater. While Berklees international num-
Argentina, echoes, "If youre into Like Farall, Negui Capriles also bers are healthy, it is a continualeffort
music, you read everything you can gave up a career to study further. to keep attracting international stu-
about your favorite musicians," he Thoughshe was first trombonist and dents. Inflation and currency devalua-
says. "I found that myfavorites--Al codirector of Los Melodicos, one of tions leave students who formerly
DiMeola, Steve Vai, and Joe Venezuelas hottest big bands, which could afford to enroll for four years
Zawinul went to Berklee." her father leads, Negui had grown scraping to pay for two. Nevertheless,
Another reason Berklee is so popu- tired of living on a tour bus and play- they continue to come despite the
lar abroad, according to Monroe, is ing until 4:00 a.m. Her ambition is to financial hardship. Capriles says,
that Berldee gains manystudents who composeand lead a less hectic life. "There are no schools like Berklee in
have exhausted opportunities in their "I was at the top of the ladder in Venezuela. People are taking the risk
own countries, or who lack the what I was doing, and really couldnt now, because if their homeeconomy
resources to study music in their get much further with the band," gets worse, they might not have the
homelands. If the musicians cant Caprilles states. "I wantedto create chance later. I know manywho come
makeit to Berklee, Berklee will even- and have the opportunity not to play, to Berklee with whatever they have,
tually makeit to them. The interna- but to arrange and compose for Los apply for scholarships, and gig as
tional outreach programsare a big fac- Melodicos and other bands. I needed muchas possible. Studying here is an
tor in Berklees appeal abroad. Since the tools to be a more complete musi- investment. Going back to Venezuela
1985, Monroehas directed Berklees cian." Like Jorge Farall, Neguiexperi- with a degree from Berklee, you can
"On the Road" programs which bring enced familial pressure to remain in do very well." ~
1996 Berklee today 13
Primetime Tunes

ComposerAlf Clausen66 is riding

high underscoring "The Simpsons"

by Mark L. Small "73

~yf inding through Coldwater

Canyon in Beverly, Hills
table and held the promise of a toe-
hold in the business. It took nine
years before he got his first solid
~/~ with Alf Clausen 66 on
the way to a "Simpsons" spotting break as an arranger. That
session, the conversation is wide led to his becoming music director
ranging. By nature Alf is good hu- and conductor for the "Danny and
mored, erudite, and unpretentious Marie" variety show. It wasnt until
to a point belying his stature as one 1985 when he began "Moonlighting"
of Hollywoods top TV composers. that he was recognized as a composer.
Traffic lights illustrated the subtext Growing up in Jamestown, North
of our discussion of his bio: Alfs Dakota, Alf studied French horn and
arrival as composer was also not piano. He sang in choirs and played in
without inconvenient pauses. He the concert band. After high school, he
recalls when the celebrated series enrolled at North Dakota State Uni-
"Moonlighting" ended in 1989 after versity as a mechanical engineering
a four-year run and six Emmynom- major.Awarethat insights to the enter-
inations for Alf. He says its part of tainment industry are rarely uncov-
the business--riding high one day ered on the Dakotaprairie, All spent a
and then, boom, unemployed for summerin NewYork City with ihis
seven months. However, when one cousin--a professional pianist there.
door closes, it seems a better one The impact of Broadwayshows, con-
always opens for Alf. certs in Central Park, and lessons with
His 18 years of persistent dues a NewYork French hornist convinced
paying while seeking his break as a All to switch his major to music as
composeris a lesson in forbearance. soon as he got back to campus.
Whenhe came to Hollywoodin 1967, Correspondence courses acquaint-
he freelanced as a teacher, a bassist, ed him with Berklee, and ultimately
music copyist, ghost composer, ar- led to full-time Berklee studies after
ranger-whatever put food on the graduation from the university. He
Berklee today COURTESY
earned his Berklee diploma, taught at the over a bunch of things. I becamefrustrated. I
school for a year, and then headed for L.A. quit the university and cameto Berklee.
To date, Alf has been composer and/or or-
chestrator, and/or conductor for 28 films, 24 What were your impressions when you first
TV series, and 24 movies of the week, and arriw3d?
arranger/music director for several popular At that time, there were a lot of professional
variety shows. He has received seven ASCAP musicians who would come off the road for
The "Simpsons" awards for composition, 13 Emmynomina- more schooling. The level of the musicianship
creator Matt tions, and numerousother recognitions. was amazing. It was so inspiring to be caught up
Groening(left) The 150th episode of the "The Simpsons" in that intensity. There had never been a French
calls AIf "oneof recently aired in 70 countries. The showairs six horn player at Berklee, so the minute they
the showsunac- nights in the U.S. A new CDof "Simpsons" mu- found I played it, I was put into every ensemble
knowledged sic provides confirmation that Alfs contribution I could possibly play in to add newcolors. Herb
treasures." to Americanpopular culture is no joke. Pomeroyput me in his recording band and I am
on sonae Jazz in the Classroomrecords. I played
all the time.

Whowere your most influential teachers?

There were a lot of magnificent teachers--
Bill Maloof, Dick Bobbitt, John Bavicchi, Bob
Share---each had his own strong suit. Herb
Pomeroyhad something that cannot be defined.
It was a way of getting to the heart and soul of
the m~sicvery quickly. I was fascinated by that.
I rememberhim rehearsing somevery difficult
pieces with the recording band. It seemedlike
the music would never come together. Then
wed begin playing the piece and something
would[ start happening in the room. Youcould
feel this spirit start to rise up out of the music.I
looked at the guy next to meand he was feeling
When did you know you would become a it too. Wegot into it deeper and deeper, and the
composer? whole band was playing as one unit, going
It was such a gradual growth, that I cant somewhere we hadnt been before. It was
remember one conscious decision to go into spooky, but moving. Whenwe got done, every-
that profession. As a student at North Dakota one just looked around wondering what just
State University, I found it difficult to get an- happened. Herb had this smile on his face that
swers to questions I had about the entertain- said, "yeah, thats whatit is all about."
ment industry there. I remembergetting a copy
of HenryMancinis Sounds and Scores, a popu- Whatwas the first door that opened up for
lar book in the early 1960sabout arranging and you in L.A. ?
howit applied to film. I found the bookto be a WhenI first got to town in 1967, I was doing
revelation about movie music from the compos- a nun~Lberof things--playing casuals, teaching,
er/arrangers standpoint. Myinstructors didnt doing music copying. It took a long time to get
have a complete handle on what this was about. hired as a writer. I did a lot of piecemealghost
writing. I would write a numberfor a Vegasact
Howdid you connect with Berklee? here, a jingle there, perhaps an arrangementfor
While I was earning myB.A. in music theo- a record. All these things together kept me
ry, I was taking the Berklee correspondence going. The first real break I got was as an
course to learn about jazz and howto write big arranger with the "Donny and Marie" show in
band music. One of myinstructors took a new 1976.
position at the University of Wisconsin, and I got a panic call from myfriend, pianist
suggested I come down there to work on my Tommy Wolf, whowas a special material writer
masters degree. Their French horn instructor for the Osmondsshow. He said the music direc-
was John Barrows who had been a New York tor TommyOliver needed a last-minute chart
studio player who played on the Miles by the next day. I stayed up all night and
Davis/Gil Evans records and others. I ended up cranke, d it out. The next day around 11:00 a.m.
hating it there. Theattitude there very anti-jazz. I got a call from Tommy Oliver saying I did a
The jazz band wasnt even allowed to rehearse great job. He asked me to be an arranger on the
on campus. Barrows and I also knocked heads show. Every week he gave me more and more to

16 Berkleet o d a y Summer
write. By the end of the season I was arranging
the shows finales, which were about 400 bars
long. It was one of those jobs with a one day or ometimeslate at night, I
a day and a half turnaround. Id be up all night
and the copyists were picking mychart up at
four in the morning.
The next season, Oliver decided not to come
amthinking of what to do on a
back, and I was asked to be the music director
for the showsthird season. cue and somebodysscore I cop-
A variety show must have been a great
training ground for the various styles you are ied 20yearsago will flash in
called upon to write in for "The Simpsons."
After the "Donnyand Marie" show," I did a
year of the "MaryTyler MooreVariety Series"
front of me.... Boorn,myin-
on CBS, and had ghosted for other shows. Not
onlywasit a great training for various styles, but spirationis there,,
it was the best place to !jearn to makechangeson
the stand. Youmight fi-hd out that the choreog-
rapher and rehearsal pianist want changes in Auriclesetup. Thats all I use.
your chart. Youand all the musicians are in the
studio with the clock ticking and you have to Whatis your weekly schedu~e like?
chop up the chart and still makemusicout of it. Mondaythrough Thursday from 8:30 a.m to
So you learn to think on your feet and com- 11:30 p.m. I amwriting. Friday morni~.g, before
municate with an orchestra. Youare recompos- I go to the spotting session, there is a brief
ing on the stand, and learning to work under recovery time, but sometimesI maystill have
pressure. cues to write if I didnt finish on Thursday.On
Friday, the spotting session is at 2:00 p.m., and
You had a hiatus after "Moonlighting" end- the recording session goes from 7:00 to 11:00
ed in 1989 before your hiring for "The p.m. I try to keep Saturday and Sundayoff.
Simpsons" in 1990. Howdid the new connec-
tion happen? When you begin to write, what comes
I was talking to a friend of mine lamenting first--a melody, a texture, or a chord sound?
my state. He gave me a tip about "The Simp- Eachcue is different, so I cant say if I think
sons." I had been so busy with "Moonlighting" of a melodyor a harmonicstructure first. Many
for years. The series was considered a classic times if there are determinedcues--like if Hom-
piece of television, you comeoff of that feeling er is angry and marching over to someones
pretty good, and then the phone stops ringing. house--I will center the cue on the pace of his
It is a part of the business everyonehas to deal footsteps, and figure out the tempo and the
with whether you are a cameraman, actor, or groove. Next, I might approach it from a har-
composer. You can get into the depths of self monicstandpoint and think of "what will illus-
doubt when it happens. trate his anger in that tempo. Manytimes the
melodymaycomelast. It is the moodof the cue
You must have seen a lot of changesin post- that exists first, but sometimesa melodywill
production technology over the course of your comefirst, each cue is different.
years in the business.
I dont think I could have done either Some of the cues on the show are simply a
"Moonlighting" or "The Simpsons" without whole-note chord. Are these fairly easy to
Auricle [time calculation and synchronization come up with?
software]. It is great when changes need to be I have a large repertoire of single-chord emo-
made. Before, if a last minute change happened, tions that I have workedout--happy, depressed,
you would have to wait while the music editor angry, hurt, sad--but they are never quite the
physically put new streamers and punches on same.The character might be a little less sad, or
the film. Now,after a few keystrokes, they are whimsical and sad at the same time. There are
in the right place and on you go. times whenI have spent two or three hours work-
Otherwise, I still work in the old-fashioned ing on three bars of music. As I play the piano I
way. I write at an acoustic piano with a drafting mightbe thinkingthis is sad, but too muchso, this
board on the front, and pencils, erasers, and a is angrybut its too nasty. It is a weirdprocessof
straightedge. I have a monitor and a VCRthat elimination in trying to find the right combination
will play picture and time code hookedup to the of notes to conveythe emotion.

1996 Berklee today 17
Whenyou do research to write in a certain not somethingthat is tremendouslychallenging
style of music--one episode called for a creatively,but I find sometimeslate at night as I
klezmer cue--howmuchtime can you give it? am thinking about what to do on a cue, some-
About20 minutes. Part of the charmof this bodysscorethat I copied20 yearsagowill flash
job has beenlearningto distill the essenceof a in front of me. I start remembering what Lalo
musical style in a very short period of time. Schiffi:in did with the high strings and soprano
Someoneon the production team says theyd sax doublingthe lead violin wayabovethe staff,
like a cue to be like a klezmerpiece, but they and howit gave a real intense angst. Boom,my
mightnot knowwhat that consists of. Produc- inspirationis there. It is weirdhowthat happens.
tion assistants get meclips or CDsandI will lis-
ten to a few tracks and figure out what makes Given the incredible pressure on a TV
klezmerhavethat sound. ThenI makea spur of series composer,whatis it that makesyou love
the momentdecision about what makesit seem this very hard workso much?
like klezmerto these people. On~a televisionjob, the instant gratification
It is a very interesting study becausewhat part is; amazing.
I canwrite this relatively large
klezmer meansto you or me maynot be the amountof musicthen record it and hear it the
sarfie as what it meansto someonewithout a sameweek.I can take a piece of film with a cer-
musical background.Havingto composesome- tain emotion,andthen I havethe powerto make
thing that is harmonically,melodically,andor- that emotion go any numberof ways through
chestrationallycorrect knowing that I still have
the music.If I amastute enoughto pull out the
25 or 30 cuesleft to write makesmedistill pret-correct emotion,and if mycraft is goodenough
ty quickly. to enhancethat emotion,the musiccan makeit
10 timesdeeperthanit is onthe film alone.
Whatare some of the more unusual things WhenI take the music to the studio with
youve been called uponto write? the right players whoare getting the right feel
Thewholemusicalpalette exists on this se- in the studio, it can put goose bumpson your
ries. Mybackgroundas a legitimately trained arm.It goes on tape like that andis preserved.
Frenchhorn player familiar with concert band Tenyears later, I can listen to that cue andthe
and symphonic literature, loving rock androll goose bumpswill happenin exactly the same
and r&bin high school, becominga jazz bass- place. I have contributed somethingmeaning-
ist, workingweddings,bar mitzvahs,and back- ful andI can preserveit.
ing singers in shows, knowingthousands of I amvery blessed, howmanyother jobs can
tunes fromplayingtrio gigs--givesmea lot to you say that about?It makesall those years of
drawon. It all comesback. In the spotting ses- playing casuals and copying music until 3:00
sion today they askedfor a cue soundinglike a a.m. worthit.
society bandplaying at a country club. I knew
instantly whatId do for that. Wt~atis next for you?
As a copyist, I worked on projects for Whoknows?The funny part about this busi-
manygreat composers.Generally copying is nessis: that a phonecall canchangeyourlife. ~1

18 Berkleet o d a y Summer
Winds of Cha~nl~e

Newdemographics,retail outlets, and pricing

signal a reorientation for the record biz

assettes are out, CDsare in. Baby longerthe backbone of the business,as they were
C boomersare up, teenagers are down,
and womenseem to be buying more
in the 1960sand 1970s.Today,babyboomersvir-
tually dominatethe U.S. populationpyramid.As
their ages rangebetween32 and50, they guaran-
recorded music than ever before. These are
someof the emergingtrends whichwill affect tee a moreeven spread in the consumptionof
the styles of musicon the airwavesand in the music.Therehas beena relative decline in the
stores, andthe strategies of those in the record marketshare of teenagemusicformssince 1990.
business trying to connect with music con- Theseforms include rock, pop/easy listening,
sumersas weheadinto the 21st century. urban contemporary,and rap.
A recent survey indicates that during the Countrymusic has been growing in impor-
by Peter tance in the marketplace. Its increasedpopular-
decadebetween1985-95,the time people spent
Alhadeff "92 listening to recordedmusicgrewat a faster rate ity with consumers--mostin their 20s and
than time spent enjoying any other entertain- 30s--presents further evidenceof the broader
mentmediaexcept homevideo. Moreover,per demographictrends that are playing upon the
capita spendingon recordedmusicis still rela- musicmarket.In turn, the proportionalrise of
tively low, whichsuggests roomfor further women in total consumptionis probablya con-
growth.[See Veronis, Suhler, & Associates, in tributing factor in the declineof the traditional
Music&Copyright,Dec. 20, 1995,p. 5; also The record store, as is suggestedby the increased
Economist,Dec.21, 1993,page4.] marketshare in total musicpurchasesat other
This consumptionboomfor recorded music outlets such as departmentand discountstores.
products has beenunderwritten by significant
shifts in the music marketplace. Older age Thegoldenyears
groupsare buyingmoremusic, there is a gender Seen from the perspective of the record
reorienation of the markettowardswomen,and labels, the years between1990-95wereindeed
purchasesof musicare happeningless andless atgolden. Sales performancewas so impressive
the traditional record store. Theseshifts arethat the slowdownof 1995 was to an extent:
detailedon table I on the next page. inevitable(see table II). Asthe formatof choice
It is becoming for consuraersbecamethe CD(see table III),.
apparentthat teenagersare no
operating profits for record labels increased.
considerably on account of the lower produc-
Peter Alhadeff is member of the Music tion costs andhigherselling prices of CDsrela--
Business~Management Departmentfaculty and rive to cassettes. Todate, for instance,reported[
associate editor of MusicaPro, a newbimonthly operating profits for five of the top six music
magazinefocusing on the Latin music market. companieshave shownan increase from 17.5%
Berklee today 19
Age group by percentage of market share

10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45+

1990 7.6 18.3 16.5 14.6 13.2 10.2 7.8 11.8
1991 8.2 18.1 17.9 14.5 12.5 9.8 6.7 12.5
1992 8.6 18.2 16.1 13.8 12.2 10.9 7.4 12.9
1993 8.6 16.7 15.1 13.2 11.9 11.1 8.5 14.8
1994 7.9 16.8 15.4 12.6 11.8 11.5 7.9 16.1
1995 8.0 17.1 15.3 12.3 12.1 10.8 7.5 16.9

Genre by percentage of market share

Rock Cntry Pop Urban Rap Class. Jazz Gospel Sound Child- Other
cont. track rens
1990 36.1 9.6 13.7 11.6 8.5 3.1 4.8 2.5 0.8 0.5 7.5
1991 34.8 12.8 12.1 9.9 10.0 3.2 4.0 3.8 0.7 0.3 6.5
1992 31.6 17.4 11.5 9.8 8.6 3.7 3.8 2.8 0.7 0.5 7.4
1993 30.2 18.7 11.9 10.6 9.2 3.3 3.1 3.2 0.7 0.4 6.6
1994 35.1 16.3 10.3 9.6 7.9 3.7 3.0 3.3 1.0 0.4 7.1
1995 33.5 16.7 10.1 11.3 6.7 2.9 3.0 3.1 0.9 0.5 8.7

Marketshare per gender Retail outlet percentage of dollar value

Male Female 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995

1990 54.4 45.6 Record store 69.8 62.1 60.0 56.2 53.3 52.0
1991 54.1 45.9 Record club 8.9 11.1 11.4 12.9 15.1 14.3
1992 52.6 47.4 Mail order 2.5 3.0 3.2 3.8 3.4 4.0
1993 50.7 49.3 Other 18.5 23.4 24.9 26.1 26.7 28.1
1994 52.7 47.3
1995 53.0 47.0 Source: RIAA,AnnualReports, 1990-95

in 1993to 18.3%in 1994. is bound by confidentiality agree- products from the RIAAs own
This sounds good, yet there are ments with the labels, and cannot wholesale and shipment data. For
some worrisome trends, and these divulge unit wholesale prices.. example, CD sales in 1993 were
become apparent when one studies Soundscan (the computer system at worth $6.511 billion and 495 million
recorded musicprices closely. A clos- the record store cash register which units were shipped in that year; in
er look at recorded music prices is monitors purchase data) has the capa- 1994, sales were $8.465 billion with
madedifficult due to the the fact that bility to track retail prices nationwide, shipments of 662 million units.
labels do not wish to make price but has not been utilized for that pur- Calculating unit prices by dividing
information public. The Recording pose yet. sales figure by the number of CDs
Industry Association of America Nevertheless, it is possible to con- sold, we find that CDssold for an
(RIAA),for example, mantains that struct a price series of recordedmusic average of $13.10 in 1993 and $12.80
in 1994. In table IV, I have computed
a price table for all recorded music
III products between 1990-95.
RecordSales (in $ billions) Format Market Share
At suggested retail price 1990 1995 Fallingprices
CDs 46% 76% It is readily apparentthat prices are
1990 7.541 Cassettes 46% 19% falling overall. And the downward
1991 7.834 [+4%] Cassettesingles 3% 2% trend is dramatic whenprices are cor-
1992 9.024 [+15% Music videos 2% 2% rected for the rate of inflation. TableV
1993 10.047 [+11%] CDsingles 0% 1% summarizes these results with my
1994 12.068 [+20%] Vinyl singles 1% 0% owncalculations of a nominal and a
1995 12.322 [+2%] LPs/EPs 1% 0% real price index of recorded music
Source: RIAAAnnualReports. 1990-1994.RIAAdata for 1995is fromBillboard, March2, 1996, products--to myknowledge, the first
p. 70.Bracketed
figuresin table II indicatepercentage
changefromyearto year. of its kind.
The use of index numbers, of
20 Berkleet 0 d a y Summer
course, is common in economics. A sellingrecordscheapin a bid to attract
nominalprice index measuresobserv- customers for electronicor other gear.
able price change.Areal price index Last year witnessed,for example,the Price index
measurestrue price change--figuring so-called "largest bankruptcyof the of recorded musicproducts
in the inflationrate. In bothcases,the music industry," the demise of Nominal Real
methodused to calculate these price Wherehouse chain in Torrance, CA.
prices prices
indices is the same.Anannualaverage 97.1 104.0
is computedfor all recorded music Future possibilities
1990 100.0 100.0
prices with each format being As retailers buy product from the
1991 107.1 103.8
weighed by its market share. CD labels, they will require moreconsid- 1992 108.3 102.2
prices, for example,receive heavier eration from them to recoup their 1993 109.4 100.4
weightsthan cassette prices because diminishingprofit margins,and con- 1994 108.6 96.9
they are moreimportant to the mar- flict betweenthe two will increase. 1995 108.3 94.6
ket. Theaverageof 1990is then refer- Retailers maydemandeasier handling
enced to the number100 for conve- by the labels on returned merchan-
nience so percentage price changes dise, and labels maybe unwilling to
can be read at a glancefromoneyear comply.Continuinglower prices may generally moreexpensive.
to the next. be good for the consumernow, but Against the backdropof falling
The prices of recorded music they mightalso bring about variable prices in 1993,RussBach, president
productsare not keepingup with the pricing policies embracedby both of CEMA Distribution, and an early
cost of living. It can also be shown labels andretailers in the future. Such championof such methods,is quoted
that they are not keeping up with policies wouldseek to maximizetak- in the August 15, 1993, issue of
other entertainmentindustries. This ings by raising the price of megastar Billboard, advocating a true value
tendency is aggravated by an releases and loweringthemon catalog pricingof recordsfor the first timein
unprecedented price war among products. The overall effect would the business.
retailers, that has wreakedhavoc.for probablybe detrimental to the con- Finally,in their desire to correct a
the past two years: Best Buy,Circuit sumer makingthe U.S. becomemore movementaway from disequilibri-
City, and other department stores like the Europeanmarketfor record- um,labels mightengagein price set-
have been cutting fiercely into the ed music. In Europethere is more ting collusive practices, openingthe
profit marginsof musicretailers by price differentiation, but recordsare business to intervention by the
Federal Trade Commission.Four of
the majorlabels havealready threat-
enedto cut accountsor curtail adver-
tising incometo retailers whodo not
IV respect Minimum Advertised Price
U.S. prices of recorded music products 1990-95 (MAP)policies.
It is safeto say that musicpricesin
Unit nominalprices the U.S. neednot fall muchfurther.
1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 Despite last years slowdown,
CDs $12.00 $13.00 $13.10 $13.10 $12.80 $12.90
8.50 demand is generallyfirm and there is
Cassettes 7.90 8.40 8.50 8.60 8.60 more room to tap consumer spend-
Cass. singles 3.00 3.30 3.50 3.50 3.40 3.30
6.00 5.20 ing on music.Theindustry is relying
CDsingles 5.50 6.20 6.20 5.90 increasingly on affluent age groups,
Music videos 18.70 19.40 20.70 19.40 20.60 17.50 nevertheless following loss-leader
Vinylsingles 3.40 2.90 3.40 3.40 4.00 4.60
11.40 price strategies and underpricing
LPs/EPs 7.40 6.10 5.90 8.80 9.40
itself relative to the consumer price
index. The U.S. may be the most
affordable music market in the
Unitreal prices:" world.
1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 It is time to reappraisecosts. More
CDs $12.00 $12.60 $12.30 $12.10 $11.40 $11.30 attention needsto be paid to the pric-
Cassettes 7.90 8.10 8.00 7.90 7.70 7.40
2.90 ing of recordedmusicby everyonein
Cass. singles 3.00 3.20 3.30 3.20 3.00 the industry. There is no evidence
CDsingles 5.50 6.00 5.80 5.40 5.40 4.50
15.20 that rock bottom prices last year
Musicvideos 18.70 18.80 19.50 17.80 18.40 boosted demand.A corrective back-
Vinylsingles 3.40 2.80 3.20 3.10 3.60 4.00
9.90 lash though hard on consumersand
LPs/EPs 7.40 5.90 5.50 8.10 8.40
disruptiveto markets,is necessary.It
wouldbenefit artists, whoseroyalties
*Realprices were obtainedby dividing unit prices by the Consumer
Price Index, whichwasas fol-
lows: 1990=100;1991=103.0;I992=106.1;1993=109.0; 1994=112.0;and 1995=114.8.TheEconomist. are calculated on suggested retail
prices, andthe industry as a whole.N

1996 Berklee today 21
Other Dominants

Alternate approachesto dominantchord substitutions

ost jazz musiciansare familiar with

M the technique of making dominant
tritone substitutions. This practice
dominantseventh chords, the result is four
completedominantseventhflat 9 voicings.
Example3 also showsthat the dominantsev-
has its roots in bebopand has becomea main- enth roots outline a diminishedseventh chord.
stay of our harmonicvocabulary.Aless famil- Becausea diminishedseventh chord is a sym-
iar form of dominant substitution by minor metricalstructure, all of its adjacentnotesbeing
thirds is sometimesavailable to players and a minor third apart, the dominant seventh
writers. The symmetric diminished dominant chordsderived froma diminishedseventh chord
scale, and its attendant harmoniesand voic- will havea similar symmetricalrelationship. By
by ings, makesthis substitution possible. inverting a diminishedseventh chord, wesee
Jeff Symmetricdiminished harmoniesand voic- that anyof its chordtones can be interpreted as
ings havelong held the interest of writers and the chordsroot; thus allowingfor the substitu-
Friedman "79 performers. The musician most commonly tion of diminished seventh chords by minor
associated with this soundis DukeEllington. thirds (see example4). Bymovingthe dominant
Dukesuse of these techniques can be traced roots by minor thirds under the diminished
back to the late 1920s. Themusic of Charles structure, wefind that minorthird substitution
Mingus, Thelonious Monk,Thad Jones, and of dominantsymmetricdiminishedstructures is
Gil Evans, amongothers, also demonstratesthe also possible(again, see example 3).
use of symmetric diminished harmonies and
voicings. Thescales
There are two symmetricdiminishedscales
Themechanics derived by joining the two diminishedseventh
Diminishedseventh chords contain two tri- chords that comprisethe diminishedroots and
tones(see example1). Usingthe principleof tri- the dominantroots (see example5a and example
tonesubstitution, eachtritone can be interpret- 5b). Thesescales are sometimescalled "combi-
ed as two dominantseventh chords (see example nation diminished" or "double diminished".
2). Example3 shows that whenthe original Example5a, whichbegins on a dominantroot
diminishedseventh chord (the recombinedtri- andfollowsa half-step/whole-stepinterval con-
tones) is analyzedin terms of the roots of the figuration, is usedfor dominant
Example5b, whichbegins on a diminishedroot
andfollowsa whole-step/half-stepinterval con-
GuitaristJeff Friedman
79 is anassociateprofes- figuration, is used for diminished seventh
sot in the Jazz CompositionDepartmentand has chords. Note that fromany scale memberthere
written arrangementsfor Carla Bley, Steve exists anotherscale membera minorthird away.
Lacy, KarlBerger,andothers. Thus, wecan movea root by minorthirds under
22 Berkleet o d a y Summer
MUSICAL (Caution:enharmenics
EXAMPLES ahead!)

C7 G~7

Ex. 2 Ex. 6

A7(~9) C7(~,9) E~7(~9) G~7(~


Ex. 3

::incomplete voicings
C~ 7 E7 G7 B~7

Ex.8 Symetric DiminishedBlues by Jeff Friedman

Ex. 4

F7 A7


a dominant symmetric diminished chord. These incomplete voicings, half-steps,theyare especiallywellsuited

voicing (see example6), or wecan sometimescalled hybrids, have an to mixedinterval voicingtechniques.
movea dominant symmetric dimin- ambiguouscharacter that in certain
ished voicing by minorthirds over a situations can be very effective. In Theblues
dominantroot (example7) becauseall practice, there are someinterval com- Example8 shows four-part sym-
of the transpositions
stay in the scale. binations that workbetter than oth- metric diminished upper structure
The resulting voicings might ers, andsomethat shouldbe avoided. triad wficings,withsubstitutions,in a
reflect an incompleteversion of the In all situations, stylistic contextand basic blues context. Each voicing
basic chord, but will contain only your musical sense of right and contains a scale dissonance expressed
notes that are in the symmetric dimin-wrongshouldbe the final arbiter. as a majorseventh.
ished scale, thus forming a usable Things to consider when con- Note that the symmetric dimin-
voicing of the chord. The following structing these voicings include the ished scale for the 17 chordis a half-
discussion of voicing techniques rangeof the lead note, the size of the step higher than the symmetric
shouldfurther clarify this point. voicing, and perhaps most important diminishedscale for the IV7chord,
of all, the interval contentof the voic- and a half-step lower than the sym-
Thevoicings ing. Approachesto interval content metric diminishedscale for the V7
Symmetricdiminishedvoicings are might include conveyingthe charac- chord. Therefore, moving any I7
voicingsderivedthroughthe vertical ter of a specificinterval type, suchas symmetricdiminished voicing down
combination of notes from symmet- voicingsin 4ths or 2nds(clusters), a half-step will result in a IV7voic-
ric diminishedscales. Aswith other the use of a mixtureof intervals from ing. Movinga I7 voicing up a half-
interval basedchordscale approaches the scale. Mixedinterval voicings step will yield a V7voicing.
to voicing,in principle, anycombina- enablea writer or playerto exert con- I hope this article gives your
tion of availablenotes fromthe scale trol over the relative "richness" of approach to dominant seventh
will result in a usablevoicing,i.e., a voicings. By observing the location of chord.,; some extra miles. Onceyou
voicingthat expressesthe functional dissonance in a scale (the half-steps), ihave digested these techniques,how
character of the harmonicsituation. one can create rich voicings by about trying someaugmentedsev-.
This technique mightyield voicings including the dissonance, or conso- enth substitutions by wholesteps:,
that do not explicitly express the nant voicings by avoidingthe disso- majorthirds, andtritones using the:
chord sound, since they maynot con- nance. Since each of the two symmet- whole tone scale? Thats another
tain the third or the seventh of the ric diminished scales contain four story for another time. ~1

Summer 1996 Berkleet o d a y 23

Alum n o t e s
Compiled by GordonBrisker 58 of al-style fiddle tunes. His
Alex Ball "97 and Sydney, Australia, has been original compositions were
Negui Capriles "96 appointed artistic director featured in a Chesapeake
of jazz studies at the Bay Foundation Benefit
University of Sydney. concert held in
BobCary"61 of Ontario, Washington, D.C.
Canada, is playing aboard Jay Patten 69 (a.k.a.
Meridian Cruise ships in Joseph Pellechia) of
the Caribbean. Nashville released
Michael Gibbs 63 of Standard Blue, an album
London, released the CD featuring his vocals, piano,
Europeanafeaturing pianist and saxophone work for CharlesChapman72
Joachim Kuhn and sym- the Flamingo label. The
phony orchestra. He also disc features 13 standards Frank Potenza 72 of
RobMounsey "75 finished performed a concert with and two Patten originals-- Lakewood, CA, was
arrangingand conducting the NDR Big Band in including a vocal duet with recently named assistant
for Natalie Coles latest Hamburg with Gary Crystal Gayle. professor of studio/jazz
albumand for a Vanessa Burtonas the soloist Joseph Levy"70 of Givat guitar at the University of
Williamssingle. Hescored RogerAldridge "68 of Shmuel, Israel, won third Southern California.
five episodesof the CBS Sandy Spring, MD, com- prize in the Composition Drummer ChuckZeuren
series"CentralParkWest," pleted Volume 20 of his competition at the 1995 72 of Valhalla, NY,recent-
whichwill air this summer. original jazz and tradition- Red Sea Jazz Fest. ly released a CD titled
Guitarist/singer Michael Zeuren and featuring four
Haydn71 of Edgartown, of his original composi-
MA, played at the House tions produced by alum-
of Blues in Hollywood in nus JohnConardfor the
March. Monadlabel.
RandyKlein 71 of New JohnHarrisonIII "73of
York, composed the score New Bedford, MA,
for the award-winningdoc- released his first CDas a
umentary Black Boy which leader entitled Going
won the Hugo Award at Places, on TCBRecords in
the 1995 Chicago Film Switzerland. Harrison has
Festival. also been a faculty member
JayLeslie Lip~an71 of for four years at the
Studio City, CA, formerly
of Sha-Na-Na, has now
reunited with the Tokens
("The Lion Sleeps
Tonight") and he is record-
ing the first ever doo-wop
Latin album.
Guitar player Charles
Chapman 72 released his
first album In Black &
White, featuring bassist
RichAppleman 72 and gui-
tarist MarkSmall"73. MichaelGibbs"63
24 Berkleet o d a y Summer
It was another memorablespring.
The March 4 Women in Music at
Berklee event produced performances
by Joanne Brackeen and Bill Pierce
7a; the Berklee WomensChorus; and
pianists StephanyTiernan74, Marty
Epstein, and Rosey Lee 94. An
evening concert with Terri Lyne
Alumni Chap- Carrington83, Lalah Hathaway 90,
ter Presidents: FrankWilkins 78, and special guest SparrowRecordsduo Out of the Grey,
New York Wannetta Jackson 76 topped it off. ChristineandScottDlent~,receiveddis-
Steve Ward87 tinguished alumni awardsfrom Sarah
MuMusic Intl. The March 15 alumni music edu-
(212) 929-1161 cators reception in Danvers, MA, Bodge(right) at the Nashvillereception.

Orlando was, as usual, a big draw. On March

Stan Kubit 71 18, there was an alumni reception and
Orlando Music showcaseat Nashvilles Mer~Bulles.
Teachers Inc.
(407) 352-9702 The bands of Rich Adams82 and
MikeMorrisSa performed. March19,
Doug alumni and students gathered at the
Murphy 90 Bluebird Care to hear Gillian Welch
The Star Store
(708) 343-1750 92, DavidRawlings "92, andKamiLyle
92, as well as clinicians MikeReid,
Nashville Gary Burr, Gary Nichols, and
Jackson 84 Geraldine Peters perform.
(615) 832-6061 Christian recording artists Scott SaxophonistandRCArecordingartist
Corradetti 87 and Christine Oente(both 87) and WarrenHill also received the distin-
(615) 889-9219 RCArecording artist WarrenHill 87 guishedalumniawardin Nashville.
Boston received distinguished alumni awards.
Jeannie Deva 75 Many thanks to Pat Pattison and
The Voice Studio
(617) 536-4553 alumnicordinators MarkCorradetti"87
and Betsy Jackson84 for makingthe
San Francisco events so successful.
Matheny 89 On March 20, Orlando Chapter
Monarch Records President StanKubit71 and his wife
(415) 434-4400
Anita organized a benefit for rock n
Los Angeles roll pioneer Jesse Stones Berklee
Summers88 scholarship fund. The robust 94 year-
Vocal Studio old Jesse and wife Evelyn performed,
(818) 769-7260 as did alumni Stan Kubit, Skip
Puerto Rico Harding61, Drury Betts "91, Doug PopmusicpioneerJesseStoneholdshis
Ralina 50th anniversary
medialreceivedat the
Cardona 91 Sinning "90, andRoger KingJr. "95.
Crescendo Net surfers: "The Berklee Chat MarchOrlandoscholarshipfundraiser.
(809) 725-3690 Room,"is now a regular on America
England On Line. Wednesdays from 11:30
Jones 80 p.m. to 1:00 a.m. (E.S.T.) alumni
Brighton, across the country can makecontact.
E. Sussex, G.B. Those with access to America Online
should: 1. Go to keyword"chat," 2.
Athens Click the icon "list room,"3. Click on
Elgazzar 93 "private rooms," and 4. Type
301-9451-457 "Berklee," and then chat away.
European alumni: Ill see you at
Alumni the July 19 reception in Perugia, Italy!
Michiko Korean composerKwangMin Kim "89
Yoshino 90 --Sarah Bodge, Assistant Director of receivedthe distinguished alumniaward
042-241-4347 Development for Alumni Relations fromBerkleeV.IP. JohnCollinsin Seoul.

1996 Berklee today 25
which airs worldwide. He
also released an album of
"Highlander" soundtrack
music on Bellchant
DavidKowal75 of L.A.
had. composed a sound-
track for an exhibition of
paintings by artist David
Brady at a gallery in Santa
CathySegaI-Garcia "75 of
Toluca Lake, CA, is teach-
JerryTachoir"76 ing voice and singing vocal
tracks for commercials,
movies, and CDs, and has
University of Massachusetts contributed compositions
at Dartmouth. for movies and recording
Composer Nell Smolar projects.
"74 of Montreal, released a Composer/keyboardist
CDof his music from three Misha Segal 75 of L.A.
of his best film scores. released his JVCRecords Saxophonist/composer Edgar Duvivier 83 of Rio de
Albert Weisman 74 of debut titled Connected to Janeiro,regeased
his third solo CDSopruDoNorte.
Spring Valley, NY,has the Unexpected.
toured as a HammondB3 Bassist JosephMacaro
organist with Ashford and 76 of Milltown,NJ, recent- with famed Latin-jazz ing 12 original songs. The
Simpson, Chubby Checker, ly accompaniedsinger/actor players Jesus "Chucho" album appeared on the
Freddie Jackson, and others. Ben Vereen at the Plaza in Valdes, Carlos Emilio Gavincharts in April.
He also received a vocal NewYork City. Joseph also Morales, Mark Walker, and Guitarist Mitch Seidman
credit on Joe Jacksons teaches bass to over 30 stu- faculty bassist Oscar 77 of Newtonville, MA,
Night and Day CD. dents in his area. Stagnaro. released an acoustic CD
RogerBellon"75 of Los Wayne Naus 76 of Grammy nominee and Ants in a Trance for
Angeles, is in his fourth Boston, a Berklee faculty mallet artist Jerry Tachoir Brownstone Recordings.
year of scoring "The member, led his band Heart "76 of Hendersonville, TN, Backing him are bassist
Highlander" TV series, & Fire in a performance released his fifth CD Harvie Swartz70, saxo-
Beyond Stereotype this phonist Leonard
spring on Avita Records Hochman,and violist Ella
with his group. All of the Lou Weiler.
compositions are by ComposerKenField 79
Marlene Tachoir 77. of Cambridge presented a
Jim Gerrnann 77 of workshop on his work on
Pittsburgh, PA, has relocat- soundtracks for the popu-
ed from L.A. to Pittsburgh lar PBS TV program
and performed with the "Sesame Street" at the
Pittsburgh Pops; Orchestra Carolina Film and Video
under the direction of Festival.
Marvin Hamlisch. The EdwardDzubak 79 of
orchestra taped two spe- West Redding, CT, won a
cials for PBS which are 1994-95 Emmy award in
being aired in the Spring. for "Best Composition in a
Anthony MichaelGraziosi Daytime Series" for NBCs
77 of Levittown, NY,is a "Another World." He is
professional music educa- up for the award again this
tor at a LongIsland school year for two different
and is known as DJ Tony shows: "Another World"
G, spinning records at local and "Guiding Light."
events. Julia RogersFraser"79of
Singer/songwriter Hunter Eden Prairie, MR, was
Moore 77 of Nashville appointed vice president of
77 released Delta Moonfeatur- Coda Music Technologys

26 Berklee t 0 d 0 y Summer
VivaceRepertoire developmentpro-
L.A. NEWSBRIEFS gram.Julia formerlyservedas a vice
president at Alfred MusicPublishing
Several monthsago, I wasfor- Grossman "79, V.P of Television in L.A.
tunate to attend a tribute event to Musicfor ViacomEntertainment/ GarySchreiner79 of NewYork,
Quincy Jones 51, at whichhe was ParamountPictures. recently completedscoring the fea-
honored as the NARAS In the category of interesting ture film Runfor Cover. His music
MusiCares Person of the Year. combinations.., keyboardist Jeff can be heard on national TV com-
Quincy gave a warmacceptance L0rber "71 led the back-upbandand mercials for Club Med, Prodigy,
speech, in whichhe madeseveral provided arrangements for Herb Citibank, and others. He has also
references to his association with Alperts recent performance at the played keyboards backing Joan
Berklee, and then introduced the Houseof Blues, while ex-Carsgui- Osborne.
concert portion of the evening. tarist Elli0tt East0n73 recreated Ricardo Simoes "79of Sao Paulo,
An amazingroster of artists, John Fogertys "swamp"guitar Brazil, released a piano solo album
including Stevie Wonder, Milt parts in a CreedenceClearwater titled PotStella Almeida.
Jackson, James Moody, Nancy Revisited concert at the Greek Guitarist Bruce Arnold80 of New
Wilson, Take6, Coolio, and Brian Theatre.As for other alumniin the York, released Blue Eleven for the
McKnight,performedtracks from news . . . amongthe winners of MMC label. The disc features 13 of
Quincys latest album Qs Jook ASCAPs 1996 film and televsion his original compositions.
Joint. They were supported by an awards were composers Howard AllenMezquida "80 of NewYork,
all-star band featuring John Shore"68 (Seven), EdAlton"76 released a CDcalled A GoodThing
Robinson 75 on drums and Nell ("The Single Guy"), and AIf on Koch.International whichfeatures
Stubenhaus "75 on bass. There was Clausen66 ("The Simpsons").The Bill Mays, Sean Smith, Brad
also a large contingentof alumniin 43rd Annual Motion Picture Mehldau,and LeonParker.
the audience--ArifMardin 61, AIf SoundEditors Awardswere also Ed Roseman 80 of
Clausen 66, AbeLaboriel72, Abe announced recently. Winners Kennebunkport,ME,has published
Laboriel Jr. "93,LindaLorence 87, included James Flamberg 75 (Toy a bookentitled Edlys MusicTheory
Roger Bellon 75, ShelSondheim"80, Story), Christopher Brooks 80 (Mr. for PracticalPeople.
LeanneSummers "88--to namea Hollands Opus), and Marty Anders Bergcrantz 81, trumpeter
few. It wasquite an event. Wereski 74 (Childrenof the Dust). fromMamoe, Sweden,released his lat-
As I write this column,the May Congratulations to all! Roger est CD]n This Togetherwith backing
30 alumni seminar is fast Bell0n75, whohas just completed by pianist RichieBeirach,bassist Ron
approaching. Entitled "Music his fourth season scoring the TV McClure, and drummer Adam
Supervision FromAll Angles," it series "Highlander," also scored Nussbaum.The disc received the
will be cohosted by Berklee and the CBSmovie Unforgiveable. Golden Record award for Best
the National Academy of Sharon Harris83, currentlyon tour SwedishJazz Recording.
Songwriters.Theformat will be a playing keyboardswith R&Bleg- Thomas Brigandi 81 of Syracuse,
panel discussion and the modera- end Barry White, also composed NY, has been touring with Chuck
tor will be BarbaraJordan,a song- the music for the Warners CD Mangione for three years and played
writer, musicsupervisor,publisher, LooneyTunesLoveableLullabies. acoustic andelectric bass on compos-
and current Berklee faculty mem- Thatsit for now.Stayin touch. er/keyboardist John Serrys latest
ber. Includedamongthe panelists, release,.Enchantress.
whoare all prominentin the field Peter Gordon78, Director, KeyboardistDavidRosenthal 81 of
of film and TVmusic, is David Berklee Centerin Los Angeles Iselin, NJ, has finished touring with
Billy Joel andis writingsongsfor the
next RedDawnrecord. Hedid synth
ALLSAIDIT BEFORE... programmingfor DreamTheaters
"A Change of Seasons" EP, and
"I wishId known this whenI wasstarting out!" Thereis no substitute played on a forthcoming Yngwie
for the exchangeof ideas that can take place betweena student anda pro- Malmsteenalbum.
fessional. Anopportunityawaitsall Berkleealumniwishingto share hard- David Reynolds82 of
wonmusiccareer experience with current students. TheBerkleeCareer Germantown,MD,recently received
Networkbrings students andalumnitogetherfor learningand sharing. his mastersdegreein guitar perfor-
To get involved, checkthe box on the Alumnotesform (page 34) and mance from Towson State
informationwill be sent to you. Pleasespecifyyourareas of expertiseand University, and he plays steadily at
howoften youwishto be c6ntactedby students. Yourright to privacywill the MayflowerHotel in Washington
alwaysbe respected. Welook forwardto hearingfromyou. D.C.
--Peter Spellman,CareerDevelopment Coordinator(617) 266-1400,exten- Benjamin Smeall82 of GreenBay,
sion 246. WI,contributed an article on play-
ing jazz on bowedstring instru-
1996 Berkleet o d a y 27
WardThrasher "84 of
Quincy, MA, is a private
practice attorney in the
areas of intellectual proper-
ty, copyright, contract and
entertainment law. He also
produces "Legal Insight,"
a radio program on WJDA
in Quincy.
Pianist Cyrus Hhestnut"85
released Earth Stories for
Atlantic Jazz. Chestnut is
joined on one cut by saxo-
phonist Antonio Hart91.
DavidGeist 85 of New
York, has been playing
keyboards with the
Broadway pit orchestras
for Cats, Les Miserables,
and Miss Saigon, among
others. He has also worked
with composers Stephen
Sondheim and Andrew
Vocalist MihikoTokoro85 of North Hollywood, CA,has sungon the TVshow"Boston Lloyd Webber.
Common," in the film MyFellowAmericans with JackLemmon,andfor bilingual jingles Christopher Guardino "85
(Japanese andEnglish)whichair in Japan. of Sherman Oaks, CA, is
orchestrating for TV and
film productions, and com-
merits to the fall issue of solo CDentitled Brazilian Party." posed the score for the
American String Ballads on the Leblon TrombonistTed Kraemer Showtimefeature film Cafe
Instruments. Recordslabel. Gancis also 84 of Los Angeles, is fea- Society.
Drummer Kathy Burkly a recording musician on tured in the new 20th Trumpeter Scott Aruda
83 of Brockton, MA, Gtobo Network TV, and Century Fox Movie That 86 of Somerville, MA,was
recently completed backed Stevie Wonder at Thing You Do, clirected by a~varded a full scholarship
a tour of Singapore backing jazz festivals in Rio and Sao and starring TomHanks. to the New England
popular local country Paulo. Laura Rlein 84 of Conservatory. He is fea-
singers John Lincoln ScottMartinGershin84 Berkeley, CA,is a certified tured in the N.E.C. big
Wright and Angela West. of Santa Clarita, CA, is a teacher of the Alexander band, under the direction
Guitarist Richard partner at Soundeiux Technique working in the of George Russell.
Schumacher "83 of Studios won the Oscar and San Francisco Bay area. Guitarist RudyLinka"8G
Hamburg, Germany, has Golden Reel awards for
released Cool Shoes featur- creating sound effects on
ing drummer Terri Lyne the film Braveheart. His
Carrington 83, bassist Kai other film credits include
Eckhardtde Camargo 83, True Lies, Pocahontas,
keyboardist Patrice Rushen, Hunchback of Notre
saxmen Bill Evans and Bob Dame, and others.
Malach, and percussionist Film composer J0el
MunyungoJackson. Goodman 84 of NewYork
Chris DeRosa "84 of New scored an upcoming TV
York, finished recording an movie titled What About
album with the Japanese Me? produced by Good
rock group E Trance on Machine/NY.
Shimmy Disc Records. He Mike Hickey 84 of
is also in the band Glow Athol, MA, has released
with Spin Doctors bassist Venom with the band
Marc White. Cronos. He also had an
Woodwinds player article published in the
David Ganc84 of Rio de January 1996 Guitar Player
Janeiro, released his first titled "Pentatonic Picking BassistThomas Brigandi81

28 Berklee t o d a y Summer


of NewYork, issued his second Enja NEED TO MAKE SOME EXTRA CASH ON YOUR OWN TERMS?
CDcalled Czech It Out, with George
Mraz69 on bassand Marvin"Smitty" Let us show you how to make up to $60,000 and more per year as a trained PIANO
Smith81 on drums. TECHNICIAN! Enjoy one of Americas most ~ress free careers and have time left over to
spendas you wish. Everyday1000sof pianos are being boughtandsold andall of themneed
Cliff Brodsky"87 of Hollywood, to be serviced. Piano technicians command
$75.00per hour and morefor their services which
CA, signed a record deal with include tuning, regulation, voicing, appraisals, r~building and mu&,muchmore. At New
Cleopatra Records. He released two EnglandPiano we will showyouin just 30 days the necessaryskills neededto ~unea piano
CDs this spring, a techno/trance and get youon yourwayto success. This 10 hour courseis a hands on experiencewith one of
NewEnglandsfreest Registered Piano Technicians. Tuition $350.00
album, with some help from the Enrollmentwill be limited to or,~ly nine qualified students.
drummer of Nine Inch Nails, and a
childrens album. Now England Piano
Christine Carer Harding87 of (5081 879-4404
Fargo, ND,has been appointed as the 118 ConcordSt. Fi~imiinghamMA
new executive director of the Fargo
Moorhead Civic Opera.
MarkCorradetti "87 of Nashville,and CatherineCarlesimo Metzinger87 and bass at the Future Music School
his company MACEnterprises have of Arlington, VA, married 1]mothy in Aschaffenberg, Germany.
introduced a line of play-along Metzinger"88on September9, 1995. SuzyNutkuSetel 89 of Beecroft,
instruction tapes for electric guitar and David Radin 87 of NYCwas mas- Australia, is studying at the Music
bass students. AlanPowell89 played tering engineer on Eddie Palmieris Therapy Center near Sydney.
guitar and Corradetti played bass. Grammy-nominated Arete, and Glen~l Allen "89 of Natick, MA,has
Dennis Mitcheltree 87 of New Bruce Springsteens upcomingBefore a piano and background vocal credit
York, has a new CD out entitled the Fame CD. on Bellevue Cadillacs latest on Ardeo
Quartet~Trio, and his trio performed Rob Steiner 87 of Hollywood Records. He also played piano and
at the Cupping Room in Broome, Hills, CA, plays worldwide with sang lead on Darkfeathers last CD.
NY,in February. Kouros and the Persians. He has also GuillermoGalindo89 of Oakland,
had small parts in many TV shows CA, has completed an orchestral
and films, such as, "Seinfeld," composition titled "Ome Acatl,"
"Coach," Executive Decision, and with a grant from the Fondo
Murderin the First. Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes
0wen Y0st "87 of NewYork City, in Mexico City. He also released a
has been playing bass and singing CDof electro-acoustic music for the
background vocals with Leslie Gore. contemporary dance work
They played at a fundraiser for "Kiyohime."
President Clinton in February. Colin Mandel"89 of Encino, CA,
ShigeyoshiKawagoe "88 of Tokyo has a new solo CDout called Strange
is composing for Japanese pop and Savage Tales, with bassists Jimmy
recording artist Shoko Aida. The CD, Johnson, Anders Swanson, Clark
produced by Sergio Mendes, Ben Sourer, and Dean Schmidt, and drum-
Wittman, and Sushi Kosugi, was mer Chris Wabich.
released in Mayon Polystar Records. YumikoMatsuoka89 of Newton,
RussSpiegel "88 of Frankfurt, MA, and the a cappella group Vox
RudyLinka"86 Germany,is presently teaching guitar One, with TomBaskett "91, Jodi

1996 Berkleet o d a y 29
PeteEmerson "95.
Standard Blue TroyRichardson "90of Boston, won
the Summer Boston Phoenix Demo

Jay Patten Derby. His band Troy, featuring gui-

tarist MarkSander95 and drummer
Peter Abdou,released a single on LP
& Records.
TheNewSwingQuintet KenMirrione 91 of Edison, NJ,
promoted and produced a showcase
Analbumof 13 classic old exclusively for Madonnas Maverick
Records. He owns and operates the
tunes plus 2 newoneswith booking agency K.M. Promotions.
Jay on vocals, saxophone, RickReese 93 of Dover, NH,plays
bass and synth with the New
andguitar. Hampshire-based group Sonic
Special guests BuddySpicher Joyride. Theyreleased their self-titled
debut CD on Anomaly Records.
on violin, Jeff Steinbergon Geila Zilkha 91 of Tokyo, Japan,
piano, and Tommy Wells on recorded a jazz albumwith guitarist
MickGoodrick "69, George Garzone"72
Watchfor it this summer in drums. on tenor sax, Noboru Kinukawa on
stores or send $15 for CD,
$12 for cassette(incl. ship-
Plus a swingingduet with baritone sax, and HiroHonshuku 90 on
flute. In November 1995, she released
ping and handling) to: Crystal Gayle. a soul record titled Colors of Magic
Flamingo Records - JMPProductions with the vocal trio Waterz.
P.O. Box 120215 MarkZlatich 91 of Vienna, VA,is
currently the guitarist for Ringling
Nashville, TN 37212
Brothers Barnum & Bailey Circus
Blue Unit Band.
"ThatOldFeeling.... It CouldHappen To You.... SerenadeIn Blue" and more Bassist Ivan B0dley 92 of New
York, and his band Junk, have gar-
Jenkins "93, PaulStiller "89, andPaul RebeccaAlvin "90 of Rego Park, nered media attention on radio, tele-
Pampinella90 took Album of the NY,just finished writing, directing, vision, and in Playboy, Jazziz, and
Year honors at the 5th Annual and editing a 16ramshort film entitled Billboard magazines. As a sideman,
Contemporary A Cappella Awards Voices. The sound designer/editor Ivan has performed with Gloria
for their Out There CD. was MarkH. VanBork"93. Gaynor, the Uptown Horns, the
AvaMichelleTracht"89 of Davie, After three years as vice president Shirelles, Peter Wolf, and manyother
FL, teaches voice in the South Florida of A&Rat November Records in acts.
area and has performed with Jon NYC,R0h H01t90 enrolled in an MBA Bassist Greg Delacore 92 and
Secada. She is currently at the Miami programat Harvard Business School. pianist MarcDelacore"93 released a
Beach Music Studios and recently Christopher Leible90 of Bayport, CD titled East & West with their
received the key to the city of Miami. NY,is a memberof a classical guitar group Expeditions and will be per-
duo that performs in his area.
Christopher is currently studying
guitar with BenjaminVerdery.
DrummerRichard L~tourneau90
of Grasse, France, played with
George Duke at the 1996 MIDEM
festival in Cannes.
Bassist Chris Matheos"90 of
Greensboro, NC, published the book
Percussive Slap Bass with Mel Bay
Publications. He is workingwith jazz
vocalist Carolina Windsand record--
ing artist Janis Price.
Colin 0Dwyer "90 of Boston:,
recently released his debut CDSome
Kind of Attraction with alumni Chris
Ryan92, WinstonMaccow 82, Pat
Guillermo Galindo89 Loomis 92, PernellSaturnino 93, and AvaMichelleTracht89

30 Berklee t o d a y Summer
Moving?. Relocating??.. Returning Home~ Kevin Giles "93 of
Corbin, TN, played tenor
Let "Boston Logistics" ship your personal effects. saxophone with Dolly
Patton at the Music
Economical Shipping Services Mansion Theater in Pigeon
Forge, TN, in April.
Domestic or |nternational Dong-SungKim "93 of
AIR * OCEAN * TRUCK Kwachum-si, Korea, has
composed and arranged
music for the cartoon film
For estimates cal| |-800929=2885 Hong Gil Dong with the
Buchun City symphony
orchestra. He is also an
instructor at the Seoul Arts
Institute and Sangm~ung
University Graduate
Boston Logisties, Inc. School.
186A Lee Burbanl~ Highway Christian Moder93 of
Revere, MA02151
Tel: 617-853-0666 * Fa~c: 617=286-4377 Los Angeles, contributed
music for Donald
Emmerichs post-milleni-
um adaption of William
Shakespeares Measure for
forming around the U.S. such feature films as Singer/s ongwriter/fid- Measure.
this summer. Barman Forever, Seven,dler Benjamin Wilborn 92 of
Kami Lyle "92 of and Higher Learning. He
Reno, NV, and his band
Nashville, was interviewed has also worked as an Lazy Eights released a new
in the November- orchestrator on several
CD. He is also recording a
December 1995 edition of episodes of "VRS." CD tribute to Django
Performing Songwriter. Rob Simring 92 ofReinhardt with Willie
Josephine Packard"92 of Somerville, MA,and gui-
Nelson and Freddy
Jamaica Plain, MA,is the tarist CoreRedonnett "93of
singer/guitarist for Chelsea Boston, former membersof Flutist Sergiio Alvares
on Fire, whoreleased a self- 93, of Miami, IFL, was a
XIXXO,are frequent alter-
titled CDin January. They nate players for the Blue
featured performer at
were nominated for Best Man Group theater pro-Miamis Lincoln Theater
New Artist in the duction. concert by the NewWorld
Phoenix/WFNX Best of Drummer Michael Voss
Symphony Orchestra in a GregBecker95
Boston Music Poll. 92 of Uster, Switzerland,
program of works by
James Sale 92 of published the Swiss Real
Heitor Villa Lobos. Alvares
Sherman Oaks, CA, has Book, which contains 620
is pursuing his Ph.D. at the Michael Hamilton 94
worked as a librarian on pieces by Swissjazz artists.
University of Miami. played saxophone on the
Recording engineer file Winans latest CD Heart
Case"ga of Boston,is work- and Soul He also played
ing at both RoomWith A on the CTI acid jazz com-
View and Blue Jay record- pilation Thus Spoke Z,
ing studios. Evolution. Vanessa
Jaime Fatas "93 of Williams producer J. Dibbs
Cambridge, MA, com- is producing Michaels
posed and produced the debut album.
soundtrack for Lucia, an CorneliusKreusch 94 of
award-winning short video NYC, performed a concert
directed by Pedro for German radio with
Ballesteros. It wonat the James Genus, Terri Lyne
Chicago Film Festival and Carrington 83, and Zaf
took First Prize at the Zapha. He is working on a
Brooklyn Council for the project with drummerWill
Fromthe left, saxophonist
94, Berldees Arts Film Festiw~l and was Calhoun "86.
MP&EChair Bill Scheniman,
andproducerJ. Dibbs. shown at the Cannes Film AdamKummins94 of
32 Berklee t o d a y Summer
For GeneJoly73, seeingthe Beatles has been interwovenin mylife over
on the "EdSullivanShow"in the early the past 24 years," Joly says. "I am
1960s madean impact that set the very excited with what the college
coursefor his career. Likemanyof the hasdonein. recent years--especially
babyboomergeneration, the appealof the wayit has embracedtechnology.
the four Liverpudliansinfluencedhim a real senseof pride among
to buyhis first guitar. Nowadays his the students today. Thesekids are
workinvolves being on the other end real pros. Their self imageis very
of such transactions. Aspresidentand professional[andthey regardthe col-
chief operatingofficer of Bostonssuc- lege highly. Thatis not by accident;
cessful E.U. Wurlitzer Music and there hasbeena lot of wise adminis-
Soundchain, Joly has completedthe trative planning. ASa trustee I see
circle. Anationallyrespectedfigure in what is being workedon, and I see
the musicproducts and retail indus- very exciting timesahead."
Feurer95 tries, he is also a member of Berldees As a trustee, Joly has helped to
board of trustees and the board of facilitate equipmentloans and gifts
directors for the NationalAssociation from key manufacturers."Theyreal-
Los Angeles, is working as a of MusicMerchants. ize they are getting involvedwith an
staff composerand recording Joly had played in garage bands institution "whichis in the processof
engineerat Elias Associatesin before entering Berklee in 1972. inventinga type of universitythat has
Santa Monica. He has written "Musichad becomean all-consuming never existed before," he says. "This
music for TVcommercialsfor passion," he remembers."Thecollege type of loan arrangementis not the
Nike, Plymouth,and others. haschangedquite a bit since I attend- type of thing companiescan do with
DrummerDanny Mack94 of ed though.Backthen it wasvery jazz a lot of institutions, but Berkleeis
Medford,/VIA,is touring with oriented--I was always a rocker. I really the only onethat matters. With
recordingartist Bill Morrisey. walkedin with mysolid bodyguitar 40 percent of the student population
Eric Welsh94 of Boston, and everybody else had these big being international, companiesreach
MA,got a productioncredit on bodiedjazzguitars.Atfirst I felt a lit- users all over the world by getting
Laura Branigans new single tle out of place, but endedup learning involvedwith Berklee.
"DimAll the Lights." He also morein myfirst year thanI hadin the "Ourculture has never been more
produced a club remix with previouseight. I wasntable to finish musically oriented," he says. "It is a
producerEhabE1 Saadi. Berkleebecauseof family problems. great timeto be in the musicindustry.
MatthiasZimmermann 94 of Myparents were both sick and I had Topmanufacturersare outdoingeach
Bregan, Austria, received the to helptake care of the family. other desit;ning new products and
Henry Mancini Fellowship at "I hadbeenwilling to starve to be reinventinghowthings are done.
the Cinemusic International a musician,but by the late 1970sI had "][~houg[hmyplayingtime is limit-
Music and Film Festival in a wife and three kids. I assessed my ed, I stiI1 havea free-formimprovis-
Switzerland. marketableskills andmusicretailing tional bandwith a few of myfriends,
GregBecker 95 of Nashville seemedto be the wayI could support and:myguitar playingis the best its
themand stay in the industry." Over ever been." ~1
was promoted to director of
music publishing for the 21 years ago Joly beganin the ware-
writers group at Copperfield houseat Wurlitzersstore at the cor-
Music Group. ner of Newbury St. and Mass.Ave.
Jonathan Dowling 95 of West "WhenI started, I workedin sales
Springfield, MA, endorses for five years andthen started doing
YamahaDrumsand Humesand someof the buying and advertising
Berg Cases. He plays on Rich work," Joly says. "I kept trying to
Nevilles newalbum. find waysto improvethe business.I
ThomasFeurer "95 of wrote a training manualfor employ-
Effretikon, Switzerland,played ees, andtook somebusinesscourses."
with Dutchrecordingartist and Joly ultimately earned his degree in
BMG/RCA recording artist marketing from Bentley College. He
CandyDuller and her band at a becamepart of Wurlitzers manage-
sold out concert in Zurich. He mentstaff in the early 1980sand was
also performedwith Swisspop- namedcompanypresident in 1985.
funk band Contrast Family for In 1994 Joly was appointed to Gene Joly"73, president of Bostons
the premiereof the tour Colors Berkleesboardof trustees. "Berklee E.U.WurlitzerMusic andSound.
of Life.
1996 Berkleet o d a y 33
Martina Freytag "95 of HaganArtist Associates, a
Schloeben, Germany, company providing admin- THINK ABOUTTHE BARPROGRAM
received a scholarship from istrative services for the
the Department of Science music community. A vocal- Berklee AlumniRepresentatives (BAR)visit doz-
and Culture of Thuringia, ist as well, she is recording ens of high schools, conferences, and college fairs
Germany, to work on her her debut CD. each year, talking about their Berklee experiences
second jazz voice book. It Saxophonist Jason and answering questions about the college from tal-
will be published by Kurt- Jones 95 of Auckland, ented young musicians.
Maas-Musikverlag of NewZealand, pianist Mark If youare interested in sharing your time and tal-
Munich. de Clive-Lowe "94, and their ent to help us reach the next generation of music
Cheryl Hagan 95 of quartet Jazz in the Present industry leaders, call us at (800) 421-0084,or mark
Boston has started C.A. Tense have becomea popu- the BARinfo box in the alum notes form on page 30.
lar act in the NewZealand Wewill send[ you more information on the BAR
jazz scene. programalong with an application. Join us.
Guitarist Stefan
Machalitzky "95 and his
group Chewy Soulfunk dent for the nightly jazz Europe, the Middle East,
featuring vocalist den program "Boulevard de and former Soviet
Chapin"95, bassist Why Not Jazz," hosted by Javier Republics.
Jansveld 96, drummer Dominguez. Andre Spang "95 of
JamieMoore94, and key- Panos Panay "95 of Landstuhl, Germany,
boardist Christian Lohr95, Boston has been. promoted released a CDwith his band
played nine dates in to a full booking agent at Triple Energy, and played at
Munich in March. Ted Kurland Associates. the Intenationale Musik
~m Mayer"95 has been He will be booking Messe in Frankfurt with
MartinaFreytag95 named Boston correspon- Kurlandstop jazz clients in Sheila E. and Joe Porcaro.

Full Name


City State ZIP Country. Phone

Q This is a new address. Your Internet address:

Last year you attended Berklee Did you receive a ~ Degree Q Diploma?

Please give details of newsworthyperformances, recordings, music projects, awards, recognitions, or other

events you wouldlike us to knowabout (please print or type, use a separate sheet if necessary):

gi Send me more information on the Berklee Alumni Representative program.

Q Send me more information on becoming a Berklee Career Network advisor.
Please send this form, along with any publicity, clippings, photos, CDs,or items of interest to:
Berklee today, Berklee College of Music, 1140 Boylston Street, Boston, MA02215-3693. Internet address:

34 Berklee t o d a y Summer
Distinguished drummer and Complete Book of Harmony,
educator Alan Dawson died
February 23 of leukemia at 66. He Theory & Voicing
taught at Berklee from 1957-75 Bret Willmottis a highly acclaimedprofessor at
while also keeping a busy calendar Berklee College of Musicand a noted educator
as a player. He had worked with and performer worldwide. He has been a fac-
such artists as Lionel Hampton, ulty memberof the college for more than 18
Sabby Lewis, Booker Ervin, Herb years and a performing guitarist for over 25
years. Mr. Willmotts musical history would
Pomeroy, Dave Brubeck, and many include studies and performance with ]Pat
others. Amonghis top students Metheny, Gary Burton, Mick Goodrick, Mike
were Tony Williams, Clifford Stern, Bill Frisell, WolfgangMuthspiel,Jeff E,er-
Jarvis, Jake Hanna,Steve Smith 78, lin, and Steve Smith,as well a currently appear-
Harvie Mason, and Terri Lyne ing on CDsthat include notables BobMosesand
Carrington 83. MikeStern. Bret is also the creator and primary
As a teacher, he stressed a teacher of twopopularcoursesoffered at Berklee
College dealing with harmonic and rhythmic
melodic approach to drumming developmenton the guitar. (95112) Book$19.95.
and helped to cultivate a strong
sense of rhythm and confidence in Thistext is a combination of harmony/theory/voicing with emphasisplacedon "voice
leading." Harmonicmotionand understandingare key elementsfor "comping"in
his students. He leaves his wife todaysjazz andpopidioms.Through knowledge arid listening, studentswill discover
Florence, his daughter Deborah, and compose newvoicings and sounds.
and three grand children. Thistexts primaryfocuswill be that of presentingandexamining four-notevoicings
Former host of the "Voice of onthe middle four strings of the guitar. Studentswill learnto recognize eachnotes
relation to the chordas well as eachnoteslinear motionto the nextchord.Thisbook:
America Jazz Hour" Willis C0n0ver is completein itself with over 240pagesandis highly recommended to anyonewho
H 90, died May17 at 75 of cancer. wantsto learn harmony, theory, andvoicing.
Conover is widely known in OrderToll Free1-800-8-MEL BAY (1-800-863-5229)
Europe, Asia, and Latin America Web address:
for his V.O.A. broadcasts of jazz E-mailaddress: email@melbay. com
which began 1954. He referred to MelBayPublications, Inc. #4 Industrial Dr. Pacific, MO 63069
jazz as "the music of freedom," and
to those living without freedom, it
became a symbol of hope. At the
peak of the cold war, Conover had
an audience of close to 30 million
Conover, a Berklee trustee, did
muchto help build Berklees inter-
national reputation through his
commentaryand broadcasts of the
musicof Berklee-trained artists. He IMPROVE YOUR SAX HFE
received Berklees honorary doctor-
Brass ,Sales
ate in 1990. Woodwind ,Repairs
FrankC0nr0y71, of Wilmington, Strings -Rentals
DE,died April 4 after a brief illness. Percussion
Originally from Gloucester, MA,
Conroy, a full-time musician, had
lived in the Wilmingtonarea for the Worldwide
past few years.
Your Source
Saxophonist JohnProgris 71
died December 20, 1995, after a For the Finest Namesin
brief illness. He was owner of Professionaland Brass & Woodwinds
Progris Music Store in Nashua,
NH.He leaves his wife Una, three
sons, and a daughter. Servingprofessional
Eric Lamoureux 92 died April 6
at his homein Stephentown, NY.A
trumpeter, he earned his degree
from Berklee with a dual major in 263 HUNTINGTON
(NZXT VO S~nO~ a~e) 617-266-4727
film scoring and MP&E.
1996 Berklee t o d a y 35

Music and Freedom

Anna Tonsinskaya "95

~ he first weekend of March is one I will not soon

forget. On March 1, I received my American citi-
by conductor Benjamin Zander and the Boston
Philharmonic. In Boston for the performance, Yevtushenko
zenship at a ceremonyin Faneuil Hall. The next night, I read his poemsbefore the symphonyas he did in 1962.
heard the Boston premiere of Dmitri Shostakovichs It took mybreath awayto watchthe musicianssit in rapt
SymphonyNo. 13 at Jordan Hall, just a few blocks from silence as Yevmshenkoread to an audience needing no
Berklee. The events provided a look at myfuture and a translation. Zander raised his baton and the orchestra
glance back at myheritage as a Russian Jewish emigre. played the symphonysheavy opening notes--symbolic of
I had gotten a letter from President and Mrs. Clinton the forced marchto Babi Yar. The deep, dark timbre of the
wishing me joy and happiness in the freedom American mens chorus conwByedthe works somber character.
citizenship represents. It remindedmeof whenI received Shostakovich had named each of the symphonysfive
myRussian passport, President Brezhnevdidnt send mea movementsafter Yevtushenkos five poems: "Babi Yar,"
letter wishing mehappiness in freedom.Ten years later, in "Humor," "In a Store," "Fears," and "A Careen" For
1989, myfamily realized mygrandfather Mikail Kheifs contrast, Shotakovich placed the movement "Humor"
long-held dream and we all came to America. second. Humor--a strong element in the Jewish charac-
I was born in St. Petersburg and first experienced the ter-got the Russians through the war and the post-
joy of listening music at Shostakovich SymphonyHall Stalin era. Shostakovichs atmospheric orchestration in
when I was four. The auditorium was namedfor the leg- "Fears" with a tremolo on a big drum evoked nervous-
endary composer Dmitri Shostakovich who was also born ness. "Wewerent afraid of construction work in a bliz-
in St. Petersburg and spent his most creative years there. zard or of going into battle under shell fire, but at times
In 1962, the Soviets were shocked by Shostakovichs we were mortally afraid of talking to ourselves," wrote
Symphony No.13. It hit like an explosion in St. Petersburg.the poet. That was the Russia of mychildhood.
It is a powerfulsetting of the poetry "Babi Yar" written by Back then, ma~ypeople spent hours standing in lines
YevgenyYevtushenko. "Babi Yar" railed against Russian at food stores. Poor people, poor stores. Shostakovich
anti-Semitism, stirring suppressed memoriesof the slaugh- took a political risk with the movement"In a Store."
ter of manythousands of Jews in Kiev by the Nazis. The Using the same adagio tempo and orchestration of the
Soviet governmentdidnt like to discuss first movement,he compares the line
howmanyJews the Nazis killed at Babi to the store with the line to "Babi
Yar, nor howmanydied under Stalin. Yar." Shostakovich struggled for and
That number includes mygreat grand- loved Russia. It was a courageous
mother Hannah for whomI am named. move to write a symphony on this
The "Babi Yar" poem and subject. The piece is a treasure.
Shostakovichs symphony became the Whenthe last note of the strings
first real memorialfor the victims. Since faded, it was like a momentof silence in
the icy reception its premierereceivedin front of the monument in Babi Yar.
Russia, SymphonyNo. 13 was rarely thought of my grandfather who had
programmed. Yevtushenkos poetry o~ taught me hundreds of Jewish songs and
was one of the most virulent attacks on 8 to be proud of our heritage. I turned in
anti-Semitism then published in Russia. my seat to thank my mother who gave
In Boston on March 2, many me myfirst musiclesson and first took
Russian-Americans ignored a raging me to Shostakovich SymphonyHall in
snow storm to attend the performance St. Petersburg. NewAmericancitizens,
we left Jordan Hall in the snow, where
Anna Tonsinskaya is a composer and AnnaTonsinskaya"95: "It waslike a wonderful American musicians playing
producer. She earned her degree in mement
of silencein frontof themon- Shostakovich SymphonyNo. 13, con-
MP& E and Commercial Arranging. ument
in BabiYar." nected our past and future.
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