Parts of Speech Table

This is a summary of the 8 parts of speech*. You can find more detail if you click on each part of speech. part of spee ch function or "job" example words example sentences

Verb action or state Nou n Adje ctive Adv erb Pron oun Prep ositi on thing or person

(to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, must is a web site. I like

pen, dog, work, music, This is my dog. He lives in my town, London, teacher, house. We live in London. John a/an, the, 69, some, good, big, red, well, interesting quickly, silently, well, badly, very, really I, you, he, she, some to, at, after, on, but My dog is big. I like big dogs.

describes a noun

describes a verb, adjective or adverb replaces a noun links a noun to another word

My dog eats quickly. When he is very hungry, he eats really quickly. Tara is Indian. She is beautiful. We went to school on Monday.

Conj joins clauses or uncti sentences or words on Inter jecti on short exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentence

and, but, when

I like dogs and I like cats. I like cats and dogs. I like dogs but I don't like cats. Ouch! That hurts! Hi! How are you? Well, I don't know.

oh!, ouch!, hi!, well

* Some grammar sources categorize English into 9 or 10 parts of speech. At, we use the traditional categorization of 8 parts of speech. Examples of other categorizations are: • Verbs may be treated as two different parts of speech: • • Lexical Verbs (work, like, run) Auxiliary Verbs (be, have, must)

It may also tell you when or where something happened. like. here. so. instead of being categorized under Adjectives Parts of Speech Introduction “Parts of speech” are the basic types of words that English has. box. live. Here is a brief explanation of what the parts of speech are: Nou n Ver b Adj ecti ve Adv erb Pro nou n Con junc tion Pre posi tion A noun is a naming word. We will add one more type: articles. because. adverbs. or A preposition usually comes before a noun. through. believe. phrases or sentences together. It tells you something about the noun. theatre. pronouns. quality. Most grammar books say that there are eight parts of speech: nouns. It names a person. they A conjunction joins two words. thin. in. Examples: on. Examples: but. so that you can understand grammar explanations and use the right word form in the right place. yellow. idea. you. adjectives. she. everywhere A pronoun is used instead of a noun. It is important to be able to recognize and identify the different types of words in English. Examples: walk. well. living creature. verbs. by. arrival A verb is a word which describes an action (doing something) or a state (being something). intelligently. tree. kindness. thing. pronoun or noun phrase. quick. think. Examples: cowboy.• Determiners may be treated as a separate part of speech. place. yesterday. with. Examples: I. and. It tells you how something is done. or action. we. prepositions and interjections. conjunctions. it. It joins the noun to some other part of the sentence. amazing. tomorrow. thought. important An adverb is a word which usually describes a verb. Examples: slowly. under. he. Examples: big. want An adjective is a word that describes a noun. talk. to avoid repeating the noun. beautiful. at .

is necessary to write grammatically correct sentences . Hello!. The grammar groups are called parts of speech. Parts of Speech Definition All words are divided into grammar groups. The groups are: Nouns (people. Oh no!. Ha! An article is used to introduce a noun.) Explanation Each part of speech -• • has its own rules. or things) Verbs (the state or action word in a sentence) Adjectives (give more information about nouns) Adverbs (give more information about verbs) Determiners (words that come before most nouns) Prepositions (give information about place and time) Pronouns (replace nouns) Conjunctions (join sentences) Example (The numbers in the example below refer to the numbers in the list above. and they are usually followed by exclamation marks. because it often stands alone. Interjections are words which express emotion or surprise.Inte rjec tion Arti cle An interjection is an unusual kind of word. places. Hurray!. Examples: Ouch!.

and the whole family eats it together happily. The chart shows the correct part of speech for each word in the sentence. so he gets good grades. Nouns student library grades Verbs studies gets Adjectives university school good Adverbs hard Prepositions in Conjunctions so Determiners the Pronouns he b) Some people exercise regularly and eat well. Nouns mother dinner birthday family Verbs cooks eats Adjectives delicious my whole Adverbs always together happily . a) The university student studies hard in the school library.Parts of Speech Sentences using different parts of speech Read each sentence and then look at the chart below it. Nouns people time home couch Verbs exercise eat are spend Adjectives healthy too much Adverbs regularly well Prepositions at on Conjunctions but and because Determiners some other the Pronouns they c) My mother always cooks a delicious dinner for my birthday. but other people are not as healthy because they spend too much time at home on the couch.

so they always arrive late. Adjectives Nouns chef bread stove window Verbs bakes sells thin French tasty fresh wood small his Adverbs daily quickly Prepositions in from Conjunctions and Determiners the a Pronouns it List of Common Prepositions of Place Travel and Movement Travel at by Arrive at in Transport by on Directions along around .Prepositions for Conjunctions and Determiners a the Pronouns it d) The tired children walk slowly to school in the morning. Nouns children school morning Verbs walk arrive Adverbs Adjectives tired slowly always late Prepositions to in Conjunctions so Determiners the Pronouns they e) The thin French chef bakes tasty fresh bread daily in his wood stove and sells it quickly from a small window.

. Sandy is going to graduate in a year. Alice starts school next week. Tracy has a meeting this afternoon.from in into off on onto over out out of through to Location above across against among at away before behind below beneath beside between get + preposition: • to • • • in / into on / onto off out of at down into on through to toward up beyond by from in in front of inside near next to off on opposite out outside over past through under upon with within without Future Time Expressions Sentences using future time expressions Common Future Time Expressions tomorrow (one day after today) the day after tomorrow (two days after today) next week (the week after this week) in a year (a specific period of time in the future) this morning (the closest morning in the future) Example Sentences Similar Expressions tonight tomorrow morning tomorrow afternoon tomorrow evening The week after next (week) next month next year in a week in a month in an hour this week this month this year I think I will go swimming tomorrow. Joy is moving the day after tomorrow.

On the weekend In June .this weekend on Monday (a specific day) Elaine is going to Spain on Monday.

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