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RENR9129-01

July 2007 FLUID POWER SYMBOLS


BASIC COMPONENT SYMBOLS

MAIN AUX.
PUMP: VARIABLE and
PUMP or MOTOR FLUID CONDITIONER SPRING CONTROL VALVES RESTRICTION LINE RESTRICTION 2-SECTION PUMP PRESSURE COMPENSATED
(FIXED)

VARIABILITY SPRING LINE RESTRICTION PRESSURE HYDRAULIC PNEUMATIC LINE RESTRICTION ATTACHMENT
(ADJUSTABLE) (VARIABLE) COMPENSATION ENERGY TRIANGLES VARIABLE and PRESSURE
COMPENSATED

COMPONENT LOCATIONS VALVES


VALVE ENVELOPES VALVE PORTS
Part Machine Schematic
Description
Number Location Location CC BB 11
ACCUMULATOR 087-4456 1 A-6 ONE POSITION TWO POSITION THREE POSITION TWO-WAY THREE-WAY FOUR-WAY

CYLINDER GP - BOOM NOTE A 2 F-3 CONTROL VALVES CHECK VALVES


CYLINDER GP - BUCKET NOTE A 3 F-3 AB AB

CYLINDER GP - STICK NOTE A 4 G-10


P T P T
BASIC SPRING SHUTTLE PILOT
NORMAL POSITION SHIFTED POSITION INFINITE POSITION
FILTER GP - OIL 188-4140 5 A-9 SYMBOL LOADED CONTROLLED

FILTER GP - OIL (CASE DRAIN) 126-2075 6 A-8 FLUID STORAGE RESERVOIRS

FILTER GP - OIL (PILOT) 158-8987 7 A-5


MOTOR GP - SWING 179-9775 8 G-8
VENTED PRESSURIZED RETURN ABOVE FLUID LEVEL RETURN BELOW FLUID LEVEL
MOTOR GP - TRAVEL LEFT 9 G-6
215-9952

324D Excavator
MEASUREMENT ROTATING SHAFTS
RIGHT 10 G-5
PUMP GP - PISTON (MAIN) 272-6957 11 B-3

Hydraulic System
SWIVEL 234-4440 12 E-6 PRESSURE TEMPERATURE FLOW UNIDIRECTIONAL BIDIRECTIONAL

VALVE GP - CHECK (OIL COOLER BYPASS) 173-4672 13 A-10 COMBINATION CONTROLS


VALVE GP - LOAD CONTROL (BOOM) 255-5683 14 D-3
VALVE GP - LOAD CONTROL (STICK) 255-5680 15 D-7 DFP1-UP
VALVE GP - MAIN CONTROL 255-5781 16 D-3 CJX1-UP SOLENOID SOLENOID
or MANUAL
SOLENOID
and PILOT
SOLENOID and
PILOT or MANUAL
SERVO THERMAL DETENT

VALVE GP - PILOT CONTROL (LEFT JOYSTICK) 232-4157 17 D-10


MANUAL CONTROL SYMBOLS
VALVE GP - PILOT CONTROL (RIGHT JOYSTICK)
VALVE GP - PILOT MANIFOLD
232-4158
215-5037
18
19
D-9
B-8
AA DD
VALVE GP - PILOT (TRAVEL) 158-8250 20 E-10 PUSH-PULL LEVER MANUAL SHUTOFF GENERAL MANUAL PUSH BUTTON PEDAL SPRING

VALVE GP - PRESSURE REDUCING (BOOM,


SWING PRIORITY) 232-4102 21 B-5
PUMP GP - PISTON (MAIN) RELEASED PRESSURE
PILOT CONTROL SYMBOLS
REMOTE SUPPLY PRESSURE

VALVE GP - SOLENOID (HEAVY LIFT) 121-6303 22 B-4


EXTERNAL RETURN INTERNAL RETURN INTERNAL
VALVE GP - SHUTTLE 185-0462 23 C-10 SIMPLIFIED COMPLETE
SUPPLY PRESSURE

VALVE GP - SWING CUSHION (FINE SWING) 158-9090 24 F-8 ACCUMULATORS CROSSING AND JOINING LINES HYDRAULIC AND PNEUMATIC CYLINDERS
VALVE GP - TRAVEL COUNTERBALANCE LEFT 204-2819 25 F-6
RIGHT 26 F-5
SPRING LOADED GAS CHARGED LINES CROSSING LINES JOINING SINGLE ACTING DOUBLE ACTING

NOTE A: REFER TO PARTS MANUAL FOR YOUR SPECIFIC MACHINE.


HYDRAULIC PUMPS HYDRAULIC MOTORS INTERNAL PASSAGEWAYS

FIXED VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT FIXED VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT INFINITE THREE TWO


DISPLACEMENT NON-COMPENSATED DISPLACEMENT NON-COMPENSATED POSITIONING POSITION POSITION

UNIDIRECTIONAL UNIDIRECTIONAL

TAP LOCATIONS BIDIRECTIONAL BIDIRECTIONAL


FLOW IN ONE
DIRECTION
PARALLEL
FLOW
CROSS
FLOW
FLOW ALLOWED IN
EITHER DIRECTION

PRESSURE, SAMPLING, AND SENSOR Heavy Lift


TAP SCHEMATIC
DESCRIPTION 2007 Caterpillar Printed in U.S.A.
NUMBER LOCATION
All Rights Reserved
AA LEFT PUMP POWER SHIFT PRESSURE B-2
BB RIGHT PUMP POWER SHIFT PRESSURE A-2
CC RIGHT PUMP DELIVERY PRESSURE A-4
DD LEFT PUMP DELIVERY PRESSURE B-4
EE MAIN PILOT PRESSURE A-5
SOS HYDRAULIC OIL SAMPLING PORT A-5

Electrical Symbols Table


Hydraulic Symbols (Electrical)

8 12
G M
Transducer Transducer Generator Electric Motor
(Fluid) (Gas / Air)

(Dimensions: 34 inches x 24 inches)


17 18 4 24

RENR9129-01
15 21 22 23 16 Pressure Switch Pressure Switch Temperature Switch Electrical Wire

20 (Adjustable)

5 14 15 Electrical Symbols (Electrical)


3
13 14 16 VALVE GP - MAIN CONTROL MOTOR GP - SWING & SWIVEL
2 Pressure Temperature
T

Level Flow
Symbol Symbol Symbol Symbol
19 12 6 EE
Wire Number Identification Codes

Electrical Schematic Example Hydraulic Schematic Example


Current Standard
25 SOS 5 Current Standard
Harness identification code

6 This example indicates

16 Page,
wire 135 in harness "AG". Wire
Circuit Number Wire Color
Identification

9 325-AG135 PK-14

1 Circuit Identification Wire Color Wire Gauge


325-PK
Number

7 Previous Standard
9 25 8 24 Wire
Wire Color

325-PK-14
11 10 26 7 B A
Circuit Number Wire Gauge
Identification (EXAMPLE VALVE)

MACHINE COMPONENET LOCATIONS MOTOR GP - PISTON (TRAVEL) FILTER GP


10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
TRAVEL MOTOR (LEFT) TRAVEL MOTOR (RIGHT)
SWING MOTOR
MOTOR GP
PG TRAVEL
215-9952 MOTOR GP
TRAVEL
DR MOTOR GP 215-9952
G R.C.V-C
SWING
G
179-9775
STICK CYLINDER MU

Pp3 Pp3
BG AG

DR
B1 A1
VALVE GP BUCKET CYLINDER BOOM CYLINDER
TRAVEL T T
AL3 BL3 COUNTERBALANCE
204-2819

VALVE GP
SWING CUSHION
(FINE SWING) F
F
158-9090

AR3 BR3 AR4 BR4


TRAVEL BRAKE TRAVEL BRAKE VALVE GP
VALVE GP
PILOT (TRAVEL) A B B A TRAVEL COUNTERBALANCE
B A 204-2819
158-8250

BL2 AL2
TRAVEL(L) TRAVEL(R) BL1 AL1 BR1 AR1

SWIVEL GP
234-4440
VALVE GP
LOAD CONTROL (STICK)
255-5680
R.C.V-A R.C.V-B E
E

BACK FWD FWD BACK


T1 T5 T2 T4 T6 T3 VALVE GP
aL2 LOAD CONTROL
aL1 bL1 bR1 aR1 (BOOM)
AR1 aR4 AR4
255-5683
PRESSURE SWITCH PRESSURE SWITCH AL2 AL1 aL1 aR3
AL3 BR1
BL3 BL2 BL1 aR1 aR2 BR2 AR2 BR3 AR3 BR4
T AL4 SP3 SPi aL3 Di4 Pi4 Pi1 BP3 BDr BPi BR5 AR5 aR5 R3
aL4 (UP) SDr (IN) (L) (REV) (CLOSE) (DOWN) BP2 VALVE GP
(REV)
MAIN CONTROL
255-5781

VALVE GP VALVE GP
D
PILOT CONTROL PILOT CONTROL D
STICK DRIFT REDUCTION BOOM DRIFT REDUCTION
(LEFT JOYSTICK) (RIGHT JOYSTICK)
232-4157 232-4158

JLP JLT JRP JRT


STICK SWING BUCKET BOOM

OUT IN R L OPEN CLOSE DOWN UP


JL1 JL3 JL2 JL4 JR4 JR2 JR3 JR1
(Dimensions: 34 inches x 24 inches)

MAIN
C RELIEF C
VALVE GP A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8 STICK(1) SWING TRAVEL(L) BUCKET BOOM(1) STICK(2)
BOOM(2) TRAVEL(R) ATCH
SHUTTLE (OUT) (R) (FWD) (OPEN) (UP) (OUT)
(FWD)
185-0462
HL Di2 Pi2 Pi3 Di3 DST PL PR Di1 bR5 HR R.C.V : RETURN CHECK VALVE
bR2
RENR9129-01

bL1 bR1 bR3 HR


bL4 bL3 bL2 bR4
HL LINE PATTERNS
B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 Pressure Line

DD PUMP GP Pilot / Load Sensing Pressure


PRESSURE SENSOR PISTON (MAIN)
(IDLER PUMP) HL Drain / Return Lines
272-6957
Component Group
aR3 aR4 bR3 bR4 bL3 bL2 bL4 aL2 G2 M2
Attachment

LEFT PUMP
RR Air Line

P2 Pi1 P-IN PSA2 DR1 PSA1 Pn2 CALLOUTS


FR
U Ps2
B
PRESSURE SWITCH TRAVEL SPEED SWING
PRIORITY T-OUT2 DR2
B1 A1 B2 A2
PsM2
AA YY Taps (Pressure, Sampling, Sensor) by letter
B
A2 1 Components by number
A2
(TRAVEL)

(SWING)

G2 AA Connections by letter
ACTIVATION
NO.1

NO.2

HYDRAULIC

(LOCK)

S3
16 Page, Color 2,

LINES GROUP COLOR DESCRIPTIONS


NO.3

A2 A2
T IMPLEMENT & LEFT TRAVEL PUMP OUTPUT
P1 P2 S1 I Dr2 PILOT PUMP OUTPUT
IMPLEMENT & RIGHT TRAVEL PUMP OUTPUT
D
Dr1
TRAVEL SPEED CONTROL CIRCUIT
VALVE GP P1 SUPPLY LINE
PILOT MANIFOLD G3
PILOT DRAIN / RETURN LINE
215-5037
FILTER GP ATTACHMENT CONTROL CIRCUIT
R.C.V-C
BB
VALVE GP PsM1 RIGHT TRAVEL CONTROL & RIGHT TRAVEL MOTOR CIRCUIT
OIL DR3 DR4 Pi2 DR5 T-OUT1 DR6 SOLENOID Ps1 LEFT TRAVEL CONTROL & LEFT TRAVEL MOTOR CIRCUIT
188-4140 ACCUMULATOR GP IN

RIGHT PUMP
R.C.V-B C (HEAVY LIFT) A1
SWING CONTROL & SWING MOTOR CIRCUIT
087-4456 OUT HR
121-6303 BOOM CONTROL & BOOM CYLINDER CIRCUIT
BUCKET CONTROL & BUCKET CYLINDER CIRCUIT
B G STICK CONTROL & STICK CYLINDER CIRCUIT
A T
Pn1
A
VALVE GP PROPORTIONAL
SHUTTLE VALVE CONTROL CIRCUIT A
SLOW RETURN BYPASS
RETURN PG PC PRESSURE REDUCING Pi REDUCING VALVE COMBINED LEFT & RIGHT PUMP SIGNAL PRESSURE
R.C.V-A D E F FILTER GP (BOOM SWING
VALVE GP OIL PRIORITY)
(CASE DRAIN) 232-4102 A3 G1 M1 Pm
CHECK (OIL THIS SCHEMATIC IS FOR THE 324D EXCAVATOR
COOLER BYPASS) 126-2075
FILTER GP
EE SOS MEDIA #: RENR9129-01
CC
OIL (PILOT) PRESSURE
173-4672 OIL COOLER SENSOR
158-8987 PART #: 259-7521 CHG00 (HE)
DRAIN (DRIVE
PUMP)
Refer to the appropriate Service Manual for Troubleshooting, Specifications and Systems Operations

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