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You are on page 1of 17

EXERCISE # 10.2

following:

Question # 2: ( )

Question # 1: ( )

Solution:

Solution: Given equation is

Given equation is ( ) ()

( ) () The characteristics equation of ( ) will be

The characteristics equation of ( ) will be

( ) ( )

( ) ( ) ( )( )

( )( ) ( ) ( )

( ) ( )

Therefore, the complementary solution is

Now,

Now,

( )( )

( )( )

( )( ) ( )( )

( )

( ) ( )

Hence,

Hence,

1

Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678

B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 10: Differential Equations of Higher Order

( )( )

Question # 3: ( )

Solution: ( )

Given equation is

( ) ()

Hence,

The characteristics equation of ( ) will be

( )( ) Question # 4: ( )

( ) ( ) Solution:

Given equation is

Therefore, the complementary solution is

:( ) ()

Now,

( )

( )

( )( )

As is the root of so, by

using synthetic division, we have

( )( ) ( )( )

1 -2 0 1

( )( ) ( )( ) 1 0 1 -1 -1

1 -1 -1 0

( )( ) ( )( )

2

Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678

B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 10: Differential Equations of Higher Order

( ) ( ) ( )( )

( )

is the required solution.

Therefore, the complementary solution is

Question # 5: ( )

Solution:

( ) ()

[ ( )]

( ) ( )

[ ( )] ( )

( )( )

* ( ) ( )

+( )

](

)

Now,

[ ]( )

[ ]

( )( )

[ ]

( )( )( )

( )( )

Hence,

3

Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678

B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 10: Differential Equations of Higher Order

( )( )

( )

Therefore, the complementary solution is

( )

( )

( ) Now,

Hence,

( ) ( )( )

( )( )

is the required solution.

Question # 6: ( )

( )( )

Solution:

Given equation is

( ) ()

( )

( )( )

As is the root of

so, by using synthetic division, we have

( )

1 -2 -3 10

-2 0 -2 8 -10

Hence,

1 -4 5 0

( )

The residue equation will be

( ) ( ) ( )( )

Question # 7: ( )

( )

Solution:

4

Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678

B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 10: Differential Equations of Higher Order

Given equation is

( ) ()

( )

The characteristics equation of ( ) will be

is the required solution.

Question # 8: ( )

Solution:

Given equation is

Therefore, the complementary solution is

( ) ()

Now,

( )

( )

Now,

( )( )

( )

( )

( )

( )

( ) ( ) ( )

( ) ( )

( )( )

( )

( )

( )

( )

( )

( )

Hence, Hence,

5

Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678

B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 10: Differential Equations of Higher Order

( )

( )

( )

( )

is the required solution.

( )

Question # 9: ( )

( )

Solution:

( )

Given equation is

( ) ()

( )

Question # 10: ( )

Solution:

Now, Given equation is

( ) ()

( )

( ) ( ) ( )

( )

( )( )

( )( )

( )

( ) ( )

6

Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678

B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 10: Differential Equations of Higher Order

( )

1 -1 3 5

Now,

-1 0 -1 2 -5

1 -2 5 0

( )

( ) ( )

( )

( )

( )

Hence,

Now,

( )

( )

Question # 11: ( )

Solution:

Given equation is

( ) ()

( )( )

is a root of characteristics equation. So we

use synthetic division in order to find the other roots

of synthetic division. ( )( )( )

7

Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678

B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 10: Differential Equations of Higher Order

( )( )

1 0 -7 -6

-1 0 -1 1 6

( )

1 -1 -6 0

( )

( )( )

( ) ( ) ( )

( ) ( )( )

( )

( )

Therefore, the complementary solution is

Hence,

Now,

( ) ( )

( )

( )

is the required solution. ( ) ( )

( )

( )

Question # 12: ( ) ( )

( )

Solution:

Given equation is ( )

( ) ( ) () ( )

( )

( )

use synthetic division in order to find the other roots

of characteristics equation.

8

Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678

B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 10: Differential Equations of Higher Order

( ) ( )

(

( ) ( )

)

( )

( )

( ) ( )

( ) ( )

( ) ( )

Hence, ( )

( ) ( )

( )

( )

(

is the required solution.

Question # 13: ( ) ( ) ( )

)( )

Solution:

Given equation is

(

( ) ( ) ()

)( )

The characteristics equation of ( ) will be

( )( )

( )

( ) ( )

( )( )

( )

( )

Now,

Hence,

( )

9

Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678

B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 10: Differential Equations of Higher Order

( )

( )

( )

( )( )

is the required solution.

Question # 14: ( ) ( )

( )

Solution:

Given equation is

Hence,

( ) ()

( ) ( )

( )

( )( )

Solution:

Given equation is

Therefore, the complementary solution is

( ) ()

Now,

equation. So we use synthetic division in order to find

the other roots of characteristics equation.

1 0 3 0 -4

( )( )

( ) 1 0 1 1 4 4

1 1 4 4 0

-1 0 -1 0 -4

( ) 1 0 4 0

(( ) )(( ) )

Now, the residual equation will be

( )

( )( )

10

Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678

B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 10: Differential Equations of Higher Order

[ ]

Therefore, the complementary solution is

[ ]

( )( )( )( )

[

( )

( )

]

( )( )( )( )

Consider,

[ ( )

( )( )( )( )

]

[ ( )( )( )

( )( )( )( )

] ( )

( )( )( )( ) * +

( )( )

[

( )( )( )( ) * +

]

( )( )( )( ) ( )

* +

[

( )( )( )

( )

* +

]

( )( )( )

( )

[ ] * +

[ ] [ ]

[ ]

11

Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678

B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 10: Differential Equations of Higher Order

Hence,

( )

( )

Question # 16: )

( ) ( )

Solution: (

Given equation is )

()

( )

The characteristics equation of ( ) will be

( )

( ) ( ) Hence,

( )( )

( )

Now,

( )

Differentiating ( ) we have

( ) ( )

( )

( )

12

Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678

B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 10: Differential Equations of Higher Order

( )

Now ( )

( )

( )( )

Hence,

( )

( ) ( )

Solution: ( )

Given equation is ( )

() Applying ( ) on ( ) we have

The characteristics equation of ( ) will be

( ) ( ) ( )( )

( )

( )

Differentiating ( ) we have

( )

( )

( )

Therefore, the complementary solution is

Applying ( ) on ( ) we have

( )

13

Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678

B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 10: Differential Equations of Higher Order

( )

( )

( )

( )

Hence,

Hence,

( )

( )

[( ) ]

Applying ( ) on ( ) we have

is the required solution.

Question # 18: ( )

( )

Solution:

( )

Given equation is

() Differentiating ( ) we have

( )

Applying ( ) on ( ) we have

( )

Now,

14

Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678

B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 10: Differential Equations of Higher Order

Now ( )

( )

( )

Hence, ( )

( )

( )

( )

Question # 19:

( ) ( ) ( )

Solution:

( )

Given equation is

() ( )( )

(

(

Therefore, the complementary solution is

Now,

Hence,

( )

( )

( )

15

Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678

B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 10: Differential Equations of Higher Order

Applying ( ) on ( ) we have

1 3 7 5

-1 0 -1 -2 -5

Differentiating ( ) we have 1 2 5 0

( )

( ) ( ) ( )( )

Applying ( ) on ( ) we have ( )

Hence,

Therefore, the complementary solution is

Question # 20:

( )

Now,

( ) ( ) ( )

Solution:

First, we will use the exponential shift and then use

Given equation is

the process which is used in above questions and

finally we will reach

()

( )

are the roots of ( )

characteristics equation. So we use

Since initial boundary value conditions are given. We

synthetic division in order to find the

will use that conditions and obtain the final result as

other roots of characteristics equation. below

16

Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678

B.Sc. Mathematics (Mathematical Methods) Chapter # 10: Differential Equations of Higher Order

17

Umer Asghar (umermth2016@gmail.com) For Online Skype Tuition (Skype ID): sp15mmth06678

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