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NEWSLETTER OF THE
COLUMBIA AUDUBON SOCIETY
P.O. BOX 5923 COLUMBIA, SOUTH CAROLINA 29250 May, 2001
Survivorship Dispersal, and Diet , of Captive-reared and Wildreared Barn Owls (Tyto alba pratincola) in the Southern Piedmont of North Carolina
Marek K. Smith
Mecklenburg County Parks and Recreation Department
Little is known about the post-release success of orphaned Barn Owls (Tyto alba pratincola) reared in captivity or the effectiveness of captive-rearing processes in preparing nestlings for the wild. Within a ten-county area of North Carolina in 1997-98, 15 captive-reared and 10 wild-reared juvenile Barn Owls were radiotracked from their release or natal sites, respectively. Diurnal roost sites were located and pellets were collected. Telemetric contacts ranged from less than 1 days to 116 days. Short-term survivorship was similar among groups with only two documented deaths, one captive-reared owl and one wild-reared owl. Captive-reared owls dispersed at significantly greater rates than wild-reared owls and both groups dispersed in random directions. Prey composition was similar among groups with meadow vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus), short-tailed shrew (Blarina brevicauda), and hispid cotton rat (Sigmodon hispidus) comprising the majority of prey items. Within-species tests of prey size did not differ among groups, but captive-reared owls did take smaller mammalian prey overall. Although the higher rates of dispersal of captive-reared owls indicated low site fidelity to release sites and potential inexperience in locating prey, the results of this study suggested that captive-reared owls can adapt to the diversity of prey in the natural environment and survive in the immediate weeks postrelease.
Tuesday, May 8, 7:30 PM
Swearingen Engineering Center, USC Room 3C01
Main at Catawba Streets
May Field Trip
For all field trips we suggest you bring binoculars, field guide, rain gear, water, food, and insect repellent (if you have them). Non-members and novices are always welcome. The Columbia Audubon Society is a chapter of the National Audubon Society. The Columbia Audubon Society assumes no responsibilities for injuries, personal or otherwise, that may occur while attending Society-sponsored events and will not be held liable for any such injuries. Attend at your own risk. For more information, please call the InfoLine at (803) 748-9066.
and is visited by many on their way along this 13 county route from the coast to the mountains. The Audubon kiosk is dedicated to the memory of Meet Steve Dennis (788-1854) at the Cracker Samuel L. Outen. Barrel off Exit 19 (Farrow Road) of I-77 at 0730 AM, or if you can find the Park, meet at the Park On Sunday, May 20th at 2:00, the Francis at 09:00 AM at the main park parking lot (at the Beidler Forest would like to invite the Columbia picnic area, not the Nature Center or the downAudubon Society to join them for a dedication stream parking lot). We will bird and see (from a ceremony at the Four Holes Park, followed up by distance) the rare Rocky Shoals Spider Lilies in a guided walk or canoe trip at the Sanctuary. Former Columbia Audubon Society President bloom. Phyllis Beasley will be among the speakers at We will probably stay until lunch time. There this dedication. is a nice picnic area at the Park, but it will probaSo plan to make an afternoon of it and take bly be crowded since many people come to see the Spider Lilies. advantage of this free opportunity. If you would There may be a small fee to enter the Park. like to go on the canoe trip, you need to make reservations as space is limited. If there is interest afterward, we may make an Call (843) 462-2150 for information. unofficial side trip to the Tom Mangum Bridge on Upcoming Field Trips SC 200 to see the nesting Cliff Swallows. Landsford Canal State Historic Park 09:00 AM, Saturday, May 26 Dedication Ceremony at Francis Beidler Forest 2:00 PM, Sunday, May 20 We are planning a few summer field trips, which we will announce in the June Newsletter. Possibilities include Silver Bluff Audubon Sanctuary, Mount Mitchell State Park, and Orangeburg Super Sod Farm.
If anyone has suggestions for summer field The Audubon Center and Sanctuary at the Francis Beidler Forest, is pleased to announce trip locations, please contact Steve C. Dennis at the creation and installation of a new interpretive 788-1854, or email@example.com. kiosk located at Dorchester County's Four Holes Park at the intersection of Route 78 and 178. Working cooperatively with the Columbia Audubon Society and the South Carolina National Heritage Corridor, this exhibit highlights the natural history of the greater Four Holes Swamp Ecosystem. Other memorials in the park, feature the human history of the area. Four Holes Park is now an official Heritage Corridor Discovery Site
Conservation News —
Isolated wetlands legislation
FY2001 eliminates funding for two scientific research centers operated through the Smithsonian This winter and spring the South Carolina Institute, including the National Zoo's ConservaSenate Committee on Agriculture and Natural tion and Research Center (CRC.) The reason beResources has been considering various forms of hind the closure is the nebulous "modernization a bill for the purpose of implementing regulatory effort," an explanation several lawmakers believe protection of isolated wetlands in the state. This isn't good enough. In fact, Rep. Frank Wolf (Raction was precipitated by a US Supreme Court Virginia) and a powerful member of the House ruling early this year that ended federal protection Appropriations Committee, has demanded the of these unique and important areas. The current Smithsonian reconsider its closure of the CRC, calling it a "mistake." Upon release of this news, bill, S.550, was passed out of the committee to Rep. Wolf traveled to the CRC, where he promthe full Senate on April 12. At this writing there ised the employees he would "mount a strong rehas been no further action on the bill, and it is sistance" to the closure. possible no more will be taken this year. Although S.550 is far from perfect protection, it is clearly better than no protection at all. There are powerful constituents in South Carolina that would prefer no protection. It was against these that a loose coalition of environmental groups worked long and hard to get what we have. The legislative session spans two-years, so more work will take place in 2002. CAS (and the South Carolina environmental community) owes a debt of gratitude to the student attorneys at the USC Environmental Law Clinic. Tara Allden, Amy Armstrong, and Jeanette Ciabattari (along with their faculty advisor Kim Diana Connolly) worked well beyond any reasonable expectation on this project. Their contribution to this important effort was significant. The CRC's captive breeding program provides hope for recovery of several highly endangered bird species that are on the brink of extinction. CRC's programs are critical to the future of several Pacific Island birds, including the Micronesian Kingfisher of Guam, the Guam Rail, the Bali Mynah of Indonesia, the Marianas Crow and the Rota Bridled-White Eye of the Marianas Islands, and the Iiwi and Amakiki of Hawaii. The CRC's captive breeding programs lead to reintroduction of endangered species to their native habitats.
CRC partners with scientists throughout the world to recover such endangered species as the Red-crowned Crane from Russia and China, the golden-lion tamarin, the Prezwalski's horse, and dozens of others. Closing the CRC would interrupt or cause the cessation of several important programs and partnerships that promote the exNational Conservation Center Slated for change of cutting-edge conservation technology. Extinction That's why Audubon and our partners in conserThe following is edited from material received vation are working together to ensure the CRC from NAS: stays open and continues to produce and provide One of the nation's most celebrated research species-saving data and information. To encourage your lawmakers to weigh in on centers devoted to the preservation and restoration of endangered species may be forced to shut this subject, use this link: its doors, as yet another victim of the Bush http://www.capitolconnect.com/audubon/ Budget. President Bush's budget proposal for contact/default.asp?subject=33
Directors & Chairs 2001 Volunteers are always welcome!!
President: Vice President: Secretary: Treasurers: Conservation: Programs: Field Trips: Membership: Education: Publicity: Newsletter: Webmaster: Robin Carter Available! Heidi Hoerman Kevin & Gloria Kenney Dan Tufford Caroline Eastman Robin Carter-Temporary Caroline Eastman-Temporary Paula Feldman Cindy Woods Steve C. Dennis T. Parkin Hunter 782-8820 695-2814 432-8995 782-6848 782-8820 787-5818 353-7135 788-1854
National Audubon Society
Chapter Membership Application
Yes, I’d like to join.
Please enroll me as a member of the National Audubon Society and of my local chapter. Please send AUDUBON magazine and my membership card to the address below. My check for $20 (introductory rate) is enclosed. name__________________________________________ address________________________________________ city___________________________________________
Please make checks payable to the National Audubon Society Send this application and your check to: National Audubon Society Chapter Membership Data Center P.O. Box 51001 Boulder, CO 80322-1001 ---------------------------LOCAL CHAPTER-----------------------Columbia Audubon Society U52 Local Chapter Code P.O. Box 5923 Columbia, SC 29250 7XCHA
CAS INFOLINE: (803) 748-9066 CAS WEBSITE: www.columbia-audubon.org NAS Website: www.audubon.org
Nominees for CAS Board of Directors Election at May Member Meeting
Nominees for the 2000-2001 Board are listed below. Please attend the Member Meeting and show your support for the new Board.
President, acting Field Trip Chair -Vice President / President-Elect / Acting Treasurer -Secretary -Newsletter -Conservation Chair -Education Chair -Membership, acting Program Chair -Publicity -Webmaster --
The boundaries are slowly becoming obscured at Charleston Natural History Society’s Wannamaker Nature Preserve near St. Matthews. Robin Carter If you are a Surveyor who would like to donate some time and expertise, or know one who Heidi Hoerman would, please contact Sanctuary Manager Norm Bob Ellis Brunswig at National Audubon Society’s Francis Steve C. Dennis Beidler Forest at (843) 462-2150, or e-mail Dan Tufford Paula Feldman Beidler@infoave.net, or contact Steve C. Dennis Caroline Eastman at 788-1854 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
Cindy Woods T. Parkin Hunter
COLUMBIA AUDUBON SOCIETY
P.O. BOX 5923 COLUMBIA, SOUTH CAROLINA 29250
PERMIT No. 1371 Columbia, S.C.
SOUTH CAROLINIANS COMMITTED TO CONSERVATION
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