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# A LESSON PLAN IN

## TECHNOLOGY AND LIVELIHOOD EDUCATION

I. OBJECTIVES
At the end of the two-hour lesson, the students should be able to:
A. identify the different sewing tools and equipment,
B. classify each tool and equipment according to their use or function
C. observe proper care in handling the different sewing tools and equipment
D. use the different sewing tools and equipment properly, and
E. give due credit to the significance of sewing tools and equipment on their contribution to daily
living.
II. SUBJECT MATTER
Topic: Basic Clothing- Sewing Tools and Equipment
Ref./Author: Technology and Livelihood Education in the Global Community I/ Maria Adeline A.
Lee and Leticia S. Navarro/ pp.80-84
Materials: Textbook, Sewing Tools, Illustrations, laptop with LCD projector
Skills to develop: Accuracy, creative and critical thinking
Valuing process: Patience, Passion and Compassion
Integration: Mathematics and Arts
III. PROCEDURES
Teachers Activities Students Activities

a. Preparation

1. Motivation
The Teacher will ask the students to name the
different sewing tools and equipment they are familiar with.

a. Are you familiar with the different sewing tools and equipment? - Yes/No
b. What sewing tools and equipment do you have at home? - Needles, Thread,
Scissors, Ruler,
Tape Measure, etc.
b. Presentation

## The students will be given 10 minutes to read pages 80-83 while

the teacher places the different sewing tools on the table or show the pictures.

c. Discussion/ Analysis

After the students are done reading, the teacher will then ask the students
to identify the sewing tools and proceed with the discussion with the following
questions:

1. What is the first process that usually takes place in making any kind of clothing? - Measuring
2. Which among these tools are used to take measurement? - Tape Measure, Ruler, Hem Marker
3. When do we use:
a tape measure?
- In taking body measurements, in
drafting patterns and in determining the
correctness of the measurements laid
onto fabrics.

## a ruler? - Guide -for

In marking
accuratea straight lines and
measurements
a hem marker? in marking hem line.

## 4. How do we classify these tools? - Measuring Tools

5. After measuring, what is the next step to do? - Drafting
6. What do you mean by drafting? - The act or process of making or drawing a draft.
7. Which among these tools are used for drafting? - Tailors square, French curve, Hip curve
8. When do we use:

## a tailors square? - In drawing perpendicular lines

obtaining square corners and in dividing
measurements.
a french curve? - In forming the shape of necklines, collar and armholes
a hip curve? - In forming long curve lines like the shape of the hip
and skirt hem line.
9. How do we classify these tools? - Drafting Tools
10. In forming a pattern, what other tools will you - Marker/ Marking Tools
use aside from drafting tools?
11. What are the different marking tools? - Tailors chalk, Dressmakers carbon
paper, Tracing wheel.

## 12. When do we use:

a Tailors chalk? - In connecting prints of measurements to form a whole
pattern.
a Dressmakers carbon paper? - In copying the shape of the pattern on the cloth
a Tracing Wheel? - In tracing a pattern to the fabric.
13. How do we classify these tools? - Marking Tools
14. What is the new thing you will do after you have - Cut the fabric
formed and marked your pattern?
15. Which tools are used for cutting? - Scissors, Shears, Seam Ripper
16. What is the difference between scissors and shears?
- Scissors are used for cutting thread and trimming seams,
while Shears are used for cutting fabrics.

## 17. When do we use a seam ripper? - In changing top machine stitches

18. How do we classify these tools? - Cutting Tools
19. After cutting, what is the next step that you will do? - Sewing
20. To avoid the cloth from moving while sewing, what - Pins
tool you will use to secure them?
21. Whilw sewing, what tool you will use to protect your - Thimble
middle finger from being pricked?
22. Why is it that a thimble is used on our middle finger - Our middle finger pushes the needles while hand
sewing.
23. In sewing, these tools are considered as partners - Needles and threads
in crime, they cannot perfor without the other.
What are they?

24. Are you aware that needled and threads vary - Yes/No
according to use?
25. How do they vary? - Need vary according to use and size.
Threads vary according to color and weight of the fabric.

26. When Needles and Pins are not in use, where do - In a pin cushion
we keep them?
27. What equipment will you use to facilitate sewing - Sewing Machine
easily?
28. How do we classify these tools? - Sewing Tools

## The teacher will ask for volunteers to group the

tools according to use or function. After the tools are
grouped the teacher will discuss further on the various
safety measures in handling them and the proper way of
upkeeping tools.

29. What is the safe way of handling sharp objects? - In handling sharp objects, avoid placing your hand and
fingers on the sharp side of the tools.
30. When tools are not in use, what will you do? - Keep tools in a sewing box and have an appropriate
storage space.
31. What will you do if you want to use a tool you - Ask for assistance and guidance from someone knowledgeable
are not familiar with?
32. Why do we need an organized working space in - An organized working space will allow easy facilitation of
performing the different sewing activities? Activities, save time and avoid accidents.
33. Is there a need to oil the tools and equipment? - Yes.
Why? - To ensure that the tools and equipments are in good
working condition.
d. Generalization

1. What are the different classification of sewing - Sewing tools and equipment are classified into measuring,
tools and equipment? drafting, marking, cutting and sewing.
2. Why is there a need to classify them? - To be certain that proper tools are used for a particular or
purpose. It will minimize errors and ensure the smooth
flow of the whole plan.
3. Can these classifications be considered as steps - Yes.
in making clothes?
4. How can sewing tools last and give longer service? - By being disciplined in using the different sewing tools
and equipment and by observing proper ways in caring
and upkeeping tools.

e. Application
The teacher will ask each student to demonstrate - Performance Task
the proper use or function of different sewing tools and
equipment.

IV. EVALUATION
The teacher will give a 20-item assessment tool
which will use consist of the following:

Part I. Enumeration
Direction: Enumerate the five (5) classification of tools
According to use or function. Draw and label
At least on tool under each classification
Part II. Identification ( 10)
Direction: Write the word or group of words that corresponds to the question.
Part III. Essay (for 5 points)
Why is it important to have a sewing tools and equipment at home?
Explain by citing a certain situation you have experienced.

V. ASSIGNMENT
Interview a dressmaker or a tailor. Ask him/her of the tools commonly
Used in sewing. Report the result/output of your interview in the class.