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PIONEERS OF MUSIC EDUCATION IN JAPAN


MUSIC EDUCATION
Isawa Shji (1851 1917)
IN
Sent to study in Bridgewater Normal School, Massachusetts.
JAPAN Member of a Meiji educational search team.

In Boston, meet with American music educator, Luther Whiting


Mason.

RONNY PHILIP Return to Japan in 1878, with Megata Tanetaro, outlined and

2015316397 submitted plan the inclusion of music in school curriculum.

Invited Luther Whitting Mason to Japan.

PIONEERS OF MUSIC EDUCATION IN JAPAN PIONEERS OF MUSIC EDUCATION IN JAPAN

Luther Whiting Mason (1818 1896) Mason and Isawa develop programs;
American music educator. Teaching of music in elementary and middle schools

Former Isawa Shujis teacher. Developing teacher training programs

Hired by the Japanese Ministry of Education. Creating the first graded series of music textbooks in Japan.

Stay at Tokyo Imperial University (1880 1882). Laid the foundation for national music conservatory, Tokyo Ongaku
Gakko, now part of the Tokyo University of the Arts.

MUSIC EDUCATION IN JAPAN MUSIC EDUCATION IN JAPAN

Determined by Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Elementary school (Sho-gakko, Age 6 12)
o Usually taught by general classroom teachers at first, then by a specialized music
Technology Japan (MEXT)
teacher.
For elementary and junior high school, music education is Junior High School (Chu-gakko, Age 12-15)
MANDATORY. o Taught by specialized teacher

High School (Koto-gakko, Age 15-18)


o May choose music as the extra-curricular activity or must choose an intensive course
in music, art or calligraphy

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MUSIC EDUCATION IN JAPAN MUSIC EDUCATION IN JAPAN


Objectives;
1. To cultivate an interest in and respect for sound and music, and to foster an
Music teachers are all specialists;
attitude of brightening and enriching ones life through music, by experiencing the Studied music at university.
joy of musical activities.
Must be able to play piano.
2. To perceive the richness and joy of various types of musical expression, acquire
basic skills for music-making and foster the ability to make music in a creative and
original manner.
3. To savor the value and beauty of various types of music and foster a wide-ranging
and independent ability for appraising.

MUSIC CURRICULUM MUSIC CURRICULUM


1. Singing.
BUKATSU
2. Playing Instrument
Recorder Club activities.

Keyboard Harmonica Varies from school to school.

3. Creative Music Making Ranging from jazz bands, Hawaiian music club, chorus club (choir), and
Creating simple melodies. orchestra.
4. Appraising. Students are encouraged to continue, if interested, with music outside the
Listening and apprasing the characteristics of music in classroom in these club activities.
relation to the culture, history, and other arts.

TEACHING MATERIALS SUZUKI METHOD

Include items from the various types of music in Japan and other Develop by violinist Shinichi Suzuki. He called his method the mother-
countries. tongue approach.

The teaching materials for singing should include; Philosophy: ALL CHILDREN CAN BE WELL EDUCATED.
o Songs that have long been sung and are familiarly known in Japan. Formal training may begin at the age three or four.
o Traditional types of Japanese singing such as folk songs.
Parent involve in the class, serve as home teacher.

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SUZUKI METHOD

Emphasis on listening and repetition.

Regular group lesson; learn and motivated by each other.

Delayed reading; talk first, read later.

Instruments are adapted; according to small childs body.