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Specifying Manufactured Sands for Concrete Applications

Theme: Technical
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Vute Sirivivatnanon and Ion Dumitru
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School of Computing, Engineering & Mathematics Cement Concrete & Aggregates Australia
University of Western Sydney Level 6, 540 Pacific Hwy,
Locked Bag 1797, Penrith NSW 2751 St Leonards, NSW 2065
02 4736 0315 02 9903 7703
02 4736 0833 02 9437 9470
v.sirivivatnanon@uws.edu.au Ion.Dumitru@boral.com.au
Presenters name: Vute Sirivivatnanon

ABSTRACT: Recent research by the Cement Concrete & Aggregates Australia (CCAA) focused on
the selection of manufactured sands for general concrete applications and for concrete road
pavements. Manufactured sands can be used to deliver workable concrete for general applications
and to provide good skid and abrasion resistance to concrete pavement. It was found that the active
mineralogy in the product microfines can be controlled by simply limiting the multiple of the passing
75-micron size and the Methylene Blue Value (MBV) to a value of 150 when manufactured sand is
used as a component of the fine aggregate. General grading limits are stipulated at three sieve sizes
of 4.75, 0.6 and 0.075mm with deviation limits from the submitted grading given at all sieve sizes.
These provisions have been included in the revised Australian Standard for Concrete Aggregates
(AS 2758.1). In concrete pavement, it was found that the free silica limit used in the selection of
natural sand to provide good skid and abrasion resistance of concrete pavement do not necessarily
apply to manufactured sands. A sand durability test, based on the Micro Deval test method, has been
found to be effective in selecting both natural and manufactured sands to provide good skid and skid
after wear for the micro texture of concrete pavement whereas abrasion resistance of concrete
pavement is dependent on concrete compressive strength, and is independent of the sand used.
Overall, the greater use of manufactured sands in all concrete depends on their mix design
characteristics which affect the efficiency of the concrete mixes.