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Name : Lam Xiujing

Class : T4 TESL

IC : 940508-07-5776

Matric no. : 2014271340024

Date : 5 / 1 / 2017

During my Practicum Phase II, I

taught a class of Year 3 pupils with

average proficiency. I found out that

the pupils were having problems in

grammar, especially when I asked

when to construct simple sentences,

they face difficulties stringing words

together to form a correct sentence.

Most of them could not finish the

writing exercise that I gave them. This


problem does not only occur during

writing lessons, but also during

speaking and listening lessons. I think

the cause is they lack exposure to the

language. They do not speak English

at home and do not read English

storybooks. Even the class teacher

will sometimes use Malay to explain

certain vocabulary.

I dealt with this problem by drilling

the correct sentence pattern. I wrote

the correct sentence pattern on the

board and ask them to repeat after me.

After that, I will ask them to change

certain keywords to form another

correct sentence.
My friend suggested to use

pictures and sample sentences during

the input stage. Then, highlight the

sentence structure and ask the pupils

to construct sentences that are

parallel to the sample sentence. For

speaking activities, the sentence

structure can be pasted on the board

but with certain keywords left out.

The pupils only need to fill in the

keywords to form a correct sentence

during speaking activity.

The new strategy to teach pupils

about sentence contruction is to

teach them about the sturcture of the

sentence. First, tell the pupils that


writing a sentence is like making a

sandwich. You need the bread (the

subject) and the meat or peanut butter

(the verb). First, give each group one

magazine, and ask each pupil in the

group to find a noun and cut it out.

Then, gather the nouns and place

them face down on the table. Instruct

the pupils to come out choose a noun

and return to their desks. After that,

instruct the pupils to look at their

noun and come up with one verb that

tells what the noun is doing or what

the noun is. Then ask another student

to put the words together in a short

sentence.