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# International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169

## Volume: 5 Issue: 6 954 959

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Stochastically Finite Element Buckling and Post Buckling Analysis of Laminated
Composite Plates with Foundation in Thermal Environment using
Micromechanical Model

## Manish Kumar I.A Rizvi

Department of Mechanical Engineering Department of Mechanical Engineering
IEC Engineering College IEC Engineering College
Greater Noida, India Greater Noida, India
E-mail: manishonesquare@gmail.com E-mail: rizviijlal@gmail.com

Abstract-This Paper presents the effect of random system properties on thermal buckling response of laminated composite plate using
micromechanical approach. The system properties such as thermo-material properties, fiber volume fractions of respective fiber and matrix
constituents and foundation parameters are modeled as independent random variables. The temperature field considered to be uniform
temperature distributions over the plate surface and through the plate thickness. The material properties of the composite are affected by the
variation of temperatures and based on micromechanical model. The basic formulation is based on higher order shear deformation plate theory
and general von-Karman types of nonlinearity. A direct iterative based C0 nonlinear finite element method in conjunction mean centered first
order perturbation technique is out lined and solved the stochastic linear generalized Eigen value problem. The developed stochastic procedure is
usefully used for thermally induced problem based on micromechanical approach with a reasonable accuracy. Parametric studies are carried out
to see the effect of volume fractions, amplitude ratios, temperature increments, temperature distributions geometric parameters, lay-ups,
boundary conditions and foundation parameters on the mean and variance of plate frequency. The present outlined approach has been validated
with those available results in literatures.

## Keywords- Composite plate, Thermal buckling, Micromechanical Modal, Matlab, SFEM.

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I. INTRODUCTION Due to involvement of large number of parameters
associated with manufacturing and fabrication of the
Laminated composite plates are increasingly used as critical composite structural components the complete control of
structural members in aerospace and many other each parameter is very difficult and hence the variations in
applications due to gaining wide popularity as light weight lamina system properties are inherent in nature.
components, ability to tailor structural properties through
appropriate lamination scheme for achieving high strength Apart from this, the uncertainties in modeling and
and stiffness to weight ratio and durability and corrosion determination of foundation are also inherent in nature
resistant characteristics combined with low density, make it because the foundation parameters are also depends on
more attractive compared to conventional materials. system properties. In practice, the present of uncertainty in
the system parameters finally results in dispersion in the
Composites resting on elastic foundation which are used in nonlinear response behavior of the structures. Therefore for
aerospace as operation activities of large transport aircraft accurate prediction of the structural response for reliable
runways, launching pads of missile, tops and guns, design especially in sensitive applications the lamina
Mechanical as machine beds, railways tracks and mechanical properties and foundation parameters are
dampers, Civil as footing, mat and raft foundation, building modeled as independent basic random variables in the
activities of cold region, foundation of deep wells, bridges present analysis.
structures, nuclear and petrochemical industries etc., in
severe conditions of environments the nonlinear vibration of The mechanical properties of composite materials depend
these structures are occurred. In order to obtain effective on a wide variety of variables at the micro-level, for the
design of the laminated composite plate the study of example, the fiber and matrix material properties; and
nonlinear vibration is most important as this plays a key role fabrication variables at all stages of the fabrication process,
in designing of resonant free structural components. such as fiber volume ratio, misalignment of ply orientation,
Therefore this topic has attracted much interest from many fiber waviness or undulation, intramina voids, incomplete
researchers. curing of resin, excess resin between plies and variation in
ply thickness. These variables are statistical in nature

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IJRITCC | June 2017, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org
_______________________________________________________________________________________
International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169
Volume: 5 Issue: 6 954 959
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
because they cannot measure accurately. The existing The validation of the present approach is performed by
uncertain variations in system parameters may have comparing the results with those reported in the literatures
significant effects on structural parameters, therefore and independent Monte Carlo simulation. The statistics of
mechanical properties of the composite material should be the fundamental frequency is determined by considering
quantify probabilistically. Probabilistic analysis provides a uncertainties in the effective micro-level material properties
tool for incorporating structural modeling uncertainties in of composite laminates. Typical results for second order
the analysis of structural response like frequency response, statistics of fundamental frequency of geometrically
for the accurate prediction of structural behavior for safe nonlinear laminated plate with random system properties
and reliable design. taking effects of ply orientations, layup sequences, fiber
volume fractions, temperature changes and distributions,
Any stochastic problem can be split into: (a) one set of mean foundation parameters and boundary conditions
problem based on deterministic analysis, and (b) R set of investigated.
random problems based on probabilistic analysis. These can
be solved separately to determine the mean and the variance Probabilistic analysis provides a tool for incorporating
of the response of our interest. Here R denotes the number structural modeling uncertainties in the analysis of the
of primary random variables chosen for the analysis at the structural response like frequency response. To the best of
micro-level. the authors knowledge, there is no literature covering the
second order response statistics of nonlinear fundamental
The basic formulation is based on higher order shear frequency of laminated composite plate resting on elastic
deformation theory with von-Karman nonlinearity using foundations subjected to uniform and non-uniform change in
micro-mechanical approach. A direct iterative based C0 temperature with temperature independent and dependent
nonlinear finite element method in conjunction with first material properties based on micromechanical modeling
order Taylor series based perturbation technique i.e., with random system properties. This is the problem studied
DISFEM is used to evaluate the second order statistics in the present Dissertation.
(mean and variance) of fundamental frequency of laminated
composite plates resting on elastic foundation.

II. Methodology:

## Fig: Basic Questions of Micromechanics

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IJRITCC | June 2017, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org
_______________________________________________________________________________________
International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169
Volume: 5 Issue: 6 954 959
_______________________________________________________________________________________________

## Fig-Overview of Present Study

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IJRITCC | June 2017, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org
_______________________________________________________________________________________
International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169
Volume: 5 Issue: 6 954 959
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
Flow chart for the procedure of Stochastic Thermal Buckling Problem:-

957
IJRITCC | June 2017, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org
_______________________________________________________________________________________
International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169
Volume: 5 Issue: 6 954 959
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
III. RESULTS: study has been used to obtain the expected mean and
coefficient of variation of the bucking load of the laminated
The stochastic finite element analysis has been applied to composite plates subjected to uniform temperature rise with
obtain the mean and dispersion considering different random random system parameters. The followings are outcome of
parameters of the thermal buckling load of laminated this limited study:
composite plate of graphite epoxy material. Fig.2.The
lamina coefficients of thermal expansion including 1. For various input random variables, environmental
geometric and material properties are modelled as basic conditions for cross ply laminate, the increase in
random variables RVs. The mean and standard deviation of temperature effects significantly as the buckling
the thermal buckling load are obtained considering the all load decreases. The effects are more prominent for
random material input variables and thermal expansion temperature.
coefficients as well as plate thickness taking separately as 2. The combined effects of boundary conditions and
basic random variables (RVs) as stated earlier. However, the random variables in thermal environment are
results are only presented taking SD/mean of the system studied; the plate is significantly affected by the
property equal to 0.10 (Liu et al.1986), as the nature of the thermal buckling load for clamp support
SD (Standard deviation) variation is linear and passing conditions.
through the origin. Hence, the presented results would be 3. In general, the thermal effects are of due
sufficient to extrapolate the results for other COV value importance for analyzing the structure made of
keeping in mind the limitation of FOPT (Klieber et al.1992). composite materials. The negligence of thermal
The thickness of all the lamina is assumed to be constant effects in analyzing the system behavior may leave
and of same material without varying individual property of the design unsafe for manufacturing and may prone
materials used. The results obtained have been compared to failure for reliable operational requirements.
with MCS and those available in the literature. For the 4. The CCCC plate at slightly higher temperature
present study a nine nodded serendipity element, which compared to other supports. The buckling is more
results in 63 degree of freedom (DOFs) per element dominant in plates of temperarture dependent
modified form HSDT based C0 finite element model has material properties as compared to temperature
been used for discretizing the laminate. Based on independent case.
convergence, a (4x4) mesh has been used throughout for 5. The thick plate are less affected by random input
evaluation of the results. Results have been computed by variables and other input variables compared to
employing the full (3x3) integration rule for bending thin plates.
stiffness matrices, thermal load vector and the geometric VI. Future scope:
stiffness matrices and the reduced (2x2) integration rule for
computing the shear stiffness matrices to avoid shear There is a wide scope to extend the present study. Some of
locking in the thin plates. the possible extensions are:
IV. DISCUSSIONS: The present study can be extended for other
The stochastic finite element method [SFEM] has been geometries like cylindrical, spherical, and conical.
applied to obtain the mean and coefficient of variations The present study can be extended to various
considering different random parameters of the thermal shapes of cut-outs.
buckling load of laminated composite plate of graphite The study can be extended to include smart layers
epoxy material. The lamina coefficients of thermal in the laminated composite plates.
expansion including geometric and material properties are The study can be extended to functionally graded
modeled as basic random variables (RVs). The thickness of materials.
all the lamina is assumed to be constant and of same In the present study we have used direct iterative
material without varying individual property of materials method to handle geometric nonlinearity in the
used. The results obtained have been compared with MCS plate and elastic foundation. A more systematic
and those available in the literature. For the present study a approach may be used to handle the nonlinearity.
nine nodded serendipity element, which results in 63 degree Hygrothermal effects on laminated plate and shell.
of freedom (DOFs) per element modified form HSDT based
C0 finite element model has been used for discretizing the Acknowledgment
laminate. Based on convergence, a (4x4) mesh has been
We would like to express my gratitude to the many people
used throughout for evaluation of the results. Results have
who have assisted us during the course of this research. The
been computed by employing the full (3x3) integration rule
support extended by Senior professors is highly appreciated
for bending stiffness matrices, thermal load vector and the
and acknowledged with due respect.
geometric stiffness matrices and the reduced (2x2)
integration rule for computing the shear stiffness matrices to
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IJRITCC | June 2017, Available @ http://www.ijritcc.org
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International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169
Volume: 5 Issue: 6 954 959
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
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