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TURBINE

STRESS

EVALUATOR

[T S E]
S. Mundle. DGM. CW
T S E (contd)
IMPORTANT FOR TURBINE OPERATION
o To GUIDE THE OPERATOR during
o START UP & SHUTDOWN OPERATION

WITHOUT STRESSING THE TURBINE

PREVENTING FATIGUE
T S E (contd)
INPUTS TO T S E:-
WALL TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT
(TSE THERMOCOUPLES Ti / T100 )

MEAN TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT


(TEMPERTAURE Tm / T50)
TURBINE SPEED
ACTUAL MW LOAD
T S E (contd)
COMPUTING CHANNELS:
HP STOP VALVE
HP TURBINE SHAFT
IP TURBINE SHAFT
T S E (contd)
INDICATING AND RECORDING VALUES:

BARGRAPH INDICATOR(back
up panel)
MINIMUM TEMP MARGINS

MMI + TG DCS
ACTUAL LOAD, LOAD MARGINS, SPEED,
TEMP MARGINS, TEMPERTAURES.
T S E (contd)
IMPORTANCE OF MARGINS

THERMAL STRESS CAN OCCUR:

DURING STARTUP
LOADING OF TURBINE

MARGIN INDICATES THE THERMAL STRESS IN TURBINE


STRESS OCCURS WHEN MARGIN IS CONSUMED
! ZERO MARGIN IS AVAILABLE
T S E (contd)
How to Re-gain MARGINS ?
Bring Changes in:

Steam Temperature
Steam Flow
Steam Pressure
T S E (contd)
SYSTEM DESCRIPTIONS:
It is a P (Procontrol P ) Based System

Two Separate DC Supply

Analog & Binary Signals are exchanged with


other system.
T S E (contd)
FUNCTIONS
Load
MW

T100
+ T Upper TUemperature
pper LoadMMargin
argin[dTu]

T50 TpermU
Function LowerLTpper Load MMargin
emperature argin [dTl]
Generator

TpermL
T S E (contd)
SHAFT TEMPERATURE SIMULATION
[for HP / IP Turbine Shaft]

T100 FUNCTION
GENERATOR T50

SHAFT TEMPERTAURE DIRECT MEASUREMENT NOT POSSIBLE


T S E (contd)
ADMISSION TURBINE

HP Stop Valve Body HP Computing Channels IP Computing Channels

Upper Lower Upper Lower Upper Lower


Temp Temp Temp Temp Temp Temp
Margin Margin Margin Margin Margin Margin

MIN SELECTION MIN SELECTION

Upper Temp Lower Temp


Margin Margin
T S E (contd)
SIGNAL EXCHANGE:

SIGNALS RECEIVED SIGNALS SENT

Turbine Speed GENERATION MW Upper Temp Lower Temp


Margin Margin

Turbine Controller
T S E (contd)
SIGNAL EXCHANGE (Contd..)

Shaft Temperature ( Simulated)

Upper & Lower Tem Margins


RECORDER
Actual Load / Speed

Upper & Lower Load Margins


T S E (contd)
SELF MONITORING OF THE SYSTEM

T Pre-determined
> gradient
t

[T= Temperature &


t = Time]

DYNAMIC MONITORING OF THE SYSTEM


T S E (contd)

FAULTS & ALARMS:

Failure of Thermocouples

Dynamic Alarm

ATRS & Turbine Controller


THANK YOU !