Beer Brewing for Beginners

Whether this is your first fermentation or a continuation of the quest to create the perfect glass of beer, here are the fundamentals of brewing.
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Beer brewing can be as complex or simple as you wish to make it. There are beer brewing kits available for purchase that simplify brewing--and then there is the art of brewing from scratch.

The Key Ingredients
Before beginning the brewing process, you must first understand the four key ingredients necessary to brew a batch of beer: water, fermentable sugar, hops and yeast. Each ingredient is integral to the recipe and must be cooked in a certain way to yield a successful batch of brew. Understanding their basic qualities and how each ingredient is meant to react with the others is an important aspect of beer brewing. Water: Water is the primary ingredient in beer, so it is very important that the water tastes good. If the tap water at your house tastes good to you, then it is fine to use for beer brewing. If you don't like the way your tap water tastes, then you can use bottled or distilled water instead. If you use tap water, boil it first to evaporate the chlorine and other chemicals that may interfere with the brewing process. Let the water cool before using. Fermented Sugar: Malted barley is the ingredient commonly used to fill the sugar quota in a home brew recipe. Some brewers will substitute a percentage of corn, rice, wheat or other grains to add a lighter flavor to the beer. Beginning brewers should purchase a ready-to-use form of malted barley called malt syrup or malt extract, rather than attempting to malt the grain from scratch, as it is a very complex and touchy process. Using a malt extract will guarantee that the

which means they tend to hang out at the top of the carboy while fermenting and rest at the bottom after the majority of fermenting has occurred. Yeast: First things first: Do not use bread yeast for beer brewing! Beer yeast is cultivated especially for use in brewing. Hops also inhibit spoilage and help keep the "head" (the frothy top when a beer is poured) around longer. Ready to Brew? We've opted to use a simple ale recipe to guide you through the process. or at any number of beer outfitters. Ingredients: • • • • • • • • • 1. All of the ingredients for beer-making can be found at your local brew supply store. Lager yeasts are bottom-fermenters and are best used at a temperature ranging from 55 degrees F (25 degrees C) down to 32 degrees F (0 degrees C). As their names suggest. fermenting the wort and bottling your brew.fermented sugar is prepared in just the right manner and will act as it needs to throughout the beer brewing process. the type of yeast used plays an important part in influencing the type of beer that will be made. you're ready to begin the beer-making process by properly sanitizing your equipment. There are two broad categories of beer yeast: ale and lager. The first cooking step in brewing is to make the wort. Once you've got all the necessary equipment and ingredients.5 gallons water 6 pounds canned pre-hopped light malt syrup 1 ounce hop pellets (choose your flavor) Ice poured into a water bath (do not use store-bought ice) 3 gallons cool water 2 (7-gram) packets ale yeast 1 cup warm water (about 90 degrees F or 35 degrees C) 3/4 cup liquid corn syrup (or 4 ounces dry corn syrup) 1 (4-ounce) container iodine solution . as all of the ingredients play a part in the taste and type of beer you will create. making and cooling the wort. a soupy mixture of malt and sugar that is boiled before fermentation. They lend the bitter flavor to beer that balances out sweetness. Ale yeasts are top-fermenting. Hops: Hops are cone-like flowers found on a hop vine. Ale yeasts will not actively ferment below 50 degrees F (20 degrees C). Do not rely on the yeast to define the beer. however. Malt and sugar form the perfect food for yeast to grown in--thus making the all-important process of fermentation possible.

as it will burn and taste awful. If the yeast does not react (form foam). remove it from the heat and stir in the malt syrup until it dissolves. you should prepare an ice-cold water bath in either a large sink or tub to quick-cool the wort. Return the pot to the heat and bring the mixture to a boil for 50 minutes. (Make a bleach disinfecting solution with 1 tablespoon bleach to 1 gallon water. Hops will create a foam on the top of the liquid--so if the pot is very full. of course). stir frequently and watch constantly to prevent boil-overs. At about the time hops are added to the wort. prep the yeast by placing 1 packet of yeast in 1 cup of warm water (90 degrees F or 35 degrees C. stir and cover for 10 minutes. . Once the wort is finished cooking. float the pot in the water bath. While the wort is being made. discard the yeast solution and try again with the second yeast packet. • Beer Brewing Equipment Part I: Make and Cool the Wort Sanitize the pot. 4. 3.) Be sure to rinse the equipment well with boiling water before using it. When the water begins to boil. It should take approximately 20 minutes to cool the wort to approximately 80 degrees F (27 degrees C). 1.5 gallons of water to a boil. stirring spoon and fermenter with the sanitizing solution. If the water bath heats up. Let the hops cook for 10 to 20 minutes.• • 1 tablespoon bleach A bottle of household bleach or an iodine solution that can be bought at your local home brew shop to sanitize all of your materials or use will be necessary. If the mixture threatens to boil over. 2. You want to avoid this at all costs by lowering the heat or spraying the foam down with a water bottle (sanitized. Rinse everything in boiling water. Do not allow any syrup to stick to the bottom or sides of the pot. add more ice to keep the water bath cold. stir in the hop pellets. Stir the wort while it is sitting in the bath so that the maximum amount of wort reaches the pot's sides where it can cool quickly. the hops may cause a boil-over. reduce the heat. After 50 minutes have elapsed. Bring 1.

Sprinkle the prepared yeast into the carboy. siphon and racking cane . because this will over-carbonate the beer and cause bottles to explode! Place the fermenter full of beer on the kitchen counter and the bottling bucket on the ground below it. The fermenting will resume. and then reduce to a slow trickle again. Funnel in the warm wort. Rinse the bottles with boiling water. shake the bottle up and down to distribute the yeast. Remove the plastic wrap. Also sanitize a small cooking pot . A clear sign of fermentation is the production of foam and air bubbles in the fermentation lock. If the fermenting process pops the fermentation lock out of the carboy. Pinch both ends of the siphon to prevent the water from running out. Cover the carboy's mouth with plastic wrap and cap it with a lid. Part III: Bottle 1. 3. Holding your hand tight over the lid. Place one end of the racking cane and siphon into the iodine solution and one end . 3. Sanitize all of your bottles by soaking them in the sanitizing solution (make sure to hold them under the solution so the water gets inside of the bottles) for 1 hour. wipe any wort around the carboy's mouth off and place the fermentation lock (with a little water added into its top) on. Pour the 3 gallons cool water into your sanitized carboy . Combine the corn syrup and 1 cup water in the sanitized cooking pot. Fermentation should begin within 24 hours. Be careful not to add too much corn syrup to the bottling bucket. Let everything air dry. Store the carboy in a cool (60 to 75 degrees F or 15 to 24 degrees C) safe place without direct sunlight where you will be able to easily clean up or drain any foam that escapes. Let boil 10 minutes. Pour mixture into the bottling bucket. Prepare the siphon by filling it with tap water. Let the beer ferment for approximately 14 days when the primary fermentation has taken place. it produces a slow trickle of bubbles that will increase in amount for a few days. Attach the racking cane to the siphon. re-sanitize it and place it back into the carboy.Part II: Ferment 1. If the temperature in the storage room drops and bubbling in the carboy's airlock stops. bottling bucket . A bathtub is an excellent place to store your fermenter if there are no windows in the room. move the carboy to a warmer room. When fermentation begins. 2. Follow the instructions that came with the bottle caps to sanitize them. 2.

5. Monitor the speed that the beer transfers into the bottling bucket by pinching and releasing the siphon with your fingers (or use a specialty clamp). it most likely has a lacto infection and should be discarded. cover it (with a sanitized cover ) and wait 30 minutes for the sediment to settle at the bottom of the bucket.into an empty jar. Sure Signs of Infection: Keep your eyes peeled for strands of slime in the beer and a milky layer at the top and/or residue bumps clinging to the air space in the bottleneck. this beer should also be discarded. Once all of the beer has been siphoned into the bucket.) 4. Check and double-check that the caps are secure. it should gently rush into it. but for at least two weeks. transfer its end to the bottling bucket. When the solution has run into the siphon and expelled all of the water into the jar. The beer should not splash into the bucket. pinch both ends and let the iodine sit in the siphon for 5 minutes to re-sanitize the siphon. Age the bottles at room temperature for up to two months. (Resist the temptation to blow into the siphon with your mouth to encourage the flow of iodine solution. Fill each bottle with beer to 3/4 inch from the top of the bottle. before cracking one open. attach the siphon and run the other end of the siphon into a bottle. once the beer has begun flowing through the siphon. If the beer has strands. Place the bottling bucket on the counter. Cap each bottle with the bottle-capper. Place one end of the sanitized siphon into the fermenter and the other end into the jar. The milky layer is a sign of a micro-derm infection. proposing a toast to yourself and impressing your friends! Ready to expand your brewing prowess? Try these recipes: .

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