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Guide to the Carriage of Steel Cargo

In this issue

Introducton

1. Steel Manufacture 2
2. Basic Advice 3
3. Steel Commonly Shipped By Sea 5
4. Steel Cargo Surveys 7
5. Bills Of Lading 9
6. Principles Of Stowage 10
7. Principles Of Securing 17
8. Cargo Officers Duties 18
9. Ship Husbandry And Steel Cargo 19
10. Safety When Working With Steel 21
11. Loading Checklist 22
12. Appendix 23
- Case Study 1 23
- Case Study 2 27

Introduction

When carrying steel products by sea, it is essential to ensure that neither the steel nor the
ship suffers damage, that the ship is fit to receive cargo and that the cargo is safely stowed
and secured. Steel is a high-value cargo, a cargo easily damaged by rough handling, water
and moisture. Its weight presents substantial challenges with stowage and securing. Incorrect
stowage can lead to hull and cargo damage. Damage can occur during bad weather, when
hatch covers leak, or when cargo moves, or when incorrect ventilation procedures are
followed. Damage can also occur before loading while the cargo is in storage or in transit from
the mill to the ship. The club arranges preloading surveys to check the condition of finished
steel before loading to ensure that bills of lading are correctly endorsed with full details of any
such damage. This guide aims to provide an insight into the correct method of loading, stowing
and securing steel cargoes. Its advice, if followed, will assist in the avoidance and prevention
of steel cargo damage claims.
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