NASA Daily News Summary For Release: April 25, 2000 Media Advisory m00-82 SUMMARY NEWS RELEASES: CHANDRA

SHOWS NEW WAY TO MEASURE COSMIC DISTANCES BOOMERANG NEWS BRIEFING: SATELLITE CHANGE NASA DEVELOPING SPACE-BASED "SENSOR WEB" -- AN "INTERNET" FOR EARTH OBSERVING SATELLITES

VIDEO No Video File today due to launch of Space Shuttle Mission STS-101 at 3:52 pm LIVE TELEVISION EVENTS THIS WEEK ***************************** NEWS RELEASES CHANDRA SHOWS NEW WAY TO MEASURE COSMIC DISTANCES Using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory, a team of scientists has attacked one of astronomy's oldest and thorniest problems, determining the distance to a cosmic object. The scientists measured the distance to an X-ray source by observing the delay and smearing (filtering) out of X-ray signals traversing 30,000 light years of interstellar gas and dust. Chandra "opened a new world," said Peter Predehl of the Max-Planck Institute, Garching, Germany, the lead author on a report to be published in the European journal Astronomy and Astrophysics. One of the most

crucial pieces of information needed in astronomy is the distance to the stars and galaxies. This information also is among the most difficult to obtain because, with rare exceptions, astronomers cannot measure distance directly and must use a variety of ingenious but uncertain techniques. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Dolores Beasley (Phone: 202/358-1753). Contact at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL: Steve Roy (Phone: 256/544-6535). Contact at Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA: Dr. Wallace Tucker (Phone: 617/496-7998). For full text, see: ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/pressrel/2000/00-066.txt

---------------------------BOOMERANG NEWS BRIEFING: SATELLITE CHANGE Due to the launch delay of STS 101, the BOOMERANG science briefing, scheduled for 2 p.m. EDT Wednesday, April 26 will not be carried live on NASA Television. Instead the briefing will be broadcast live on the KU-band GE3 satellite, transponder 17, horizontal polarization, frequency 12040 MHz, audio 6.2 and 6.8 MHz. Images from the briefing will be on the satellite at 1:55 p.m. EDT and immediately following the news briefing. Media who wish to listen to the briefing on the telephone can call toll-free: 800/369-1775; passcode: Boomerang. The phone lines will open at 1:45 p.m. EDT and will be open through the duration of the news briefing. A live webcast of the briefing will be available on: http://www.nasa.gov Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Dolores Beasley (Phone: 202/358-1753). Contact at National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA: Amber Jones (Phone: 703/306-1070).

For full text, see: ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/note2edt/2000/n00-019.txt

---------------------------NASA DEVELOPING SPACE-BASED "SENSOR WEB" -- AN "INTERNET" FOR EARTH OBSERVING SATELLITES NASA is taking the first steps toward Internet-like connectivity among its future Earth sensing satellites with the funding of 30 research proposals from industry, academia, government and NASA centers in Advanced Information System Technology. Known as "Sensor Web," this is the first in a series of information technology research initiatives that will help NASA's Office of Earth Sciences solve the massive challenge of collecting, processing, routing and storing Earth science measurement data. Of the 117 proposals submitted, the 30 selected cover a variety of topics ranging from satellite on-board processing, data collection and analysis, information transmission and wireless networks, to satellite platform control. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: David E. Steitz (Phone: 202/358-1730). For full text, see: ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/pressrel/2000/00-065.txt

---------------------------If NASA issues any news releases later today, we will email summaries and Internet URLs to this list. Index of 2000 NASA News Releases: http://www.nasa.gov/releases/2000/index.html Index of 1999 NASA News Releases: http://www.nasa.gov/releases/1999/index.html

***************************** VIDEO LIVE TELEVISION EVENTS THIS WEEK April 25, Tuesday 9:30 am - Launch Overage and Commentary of STS-101 Begins - KSC 3:52 pm - Launch of STS-101 (Atlantis) - KSC April 26, Wednesday 2:00 pm - BOOMERANG (Balloon Observations of Millimetric Extragalactic Radiation and Geophysics) Briefing - HQ During the Space Shuttle Mission, see http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/realdata/nasatv/schedule.html for the latest television schedule

----------------------------Unless otherwise noted, ALL TIMES ARE EASTERN. ANY CHANGES TO THE VIDEO LINE-UP WILL APPEAR ON THE NASA VIDEO FILE ADVISORY ON THE WEB AT ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/tv-advisory/nasa-tv.txt WE UPDATE THE ADVISORY THROUGHOUT THE DAY. The NASA Video File normally airs at noon, 3 p.m., 6 p.m., 9 p.m. and midnight Eastern Time. NASA Television is available on GE-2, transponder 9C at 85 degrees West longitude, with vertical polarization. Frequency is on 3880.0

megahertz, with audio on 6.8 megahertz. Refer general questions about the video file to NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Ray Castillo, 202/358-4555, or Fred Brown, 202/358-0713, fred.brown@hq.nasa.gov During Space Shuttle missions, the full NASA TV schedule will continue to be posted at: http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/realdata/nasatv/schedule.html For general information about NASA TV see: http://www.nasa.gov/ntv/

***************************** Contract Awards Contract awards are posted to the NASA Acquisition information Service Web site: http://procurement.nasa.gov/EPS/award.html

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***************************** end of daily news summary