Physics

Data Booklet
For use in National Qualification Courses
leading to the 2006 examinations and beyond
2004 edition
Price: £1.50
Publication code: BB2099
ISBN: 1 85969 478 0
Published by the Scottish Qualifications Authority
Hanover House, 24 Douglas Street, Glasgow G2 7NQ, and Ironmills Road, Dalkeith,
Midlothian EH22 1LE
The information in this publication may be reproduced in support of SQA qualifications. If it
is reproduced, SQA should be clearly acknowledged as the source. If it is to be used for any
other purpose, then written permission must be obtained from the Publications Officer at
SQA. It must not be reproduced for trade or commercial purposes.
© Scottish Qualifications Authority 2004
i
Copies are available from the Customer Contact Centre at SQA, telephone 0845 279 1000
ii
Contents Page
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Relationships required for Access 3 and/or Intermediate 1 Physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Relationships required for Standard Grade and or Intermediate 2 Physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Relationships required for Higher Physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Relationships required for Advanced Higher Physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Additional relationships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Electron arrangements of elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
iii
Preface
This data booklet is intended for use by candidates in examinations in Physics at Standard Grade,
Intermediate 1, Intermediate 2, Higher and Advanced Higher levels from the 2006 examination diet.
It is recommended that candidates become familiar with the contents of the data booklet through use
in undertaking Units of these Courses, including Physics Units at Access 3.
The range of data contained in the booklet has been limited to syllabus content which may be
assessed through written examination papers. This data should be supplemented by other resource
material as necessary during the course, eg by using data sheets. However, should any additional
information (or data not included in this booklet) be required in an examination, it will be included
in the examination paper.
Additional relationships, which candidates may find useful, are given on page 8.
A periodic table of elements is included on page 9.
From the variety of data offered in this booklet, candidates will be expected to demonstrate the
ability to select an appropriate:

formula

relationship

element or data pertaining to an element
1


Relationships required for Access 3 and/or Intermediate 1 Physics


FXUUHQW
YROWDJH
UHVLVWDQFH =

YROWDJH
SRZHU
FXUUHQW =

WLPH
GLVWDQFH
VSHHG =

YROWDJH LQSXW
YROWDJH RXWSXW
JDLQ YROWDJH =

PDVV ZHLJKW × =10

WLPH
GLVWDQFH
VSHHG DYHUDJH =


2
Relationships required for Access 3 and/or
Intermediate 1 Physics


Relationships required for Standard Grade and/or Intermediate 2 Physics


W Y G =
W Y V =
W
Y
D

=
W
X Y
D

=
PJ : =
PD ) =
PY S =
)G (
Z
=
PJK (
S
=
2
2
1
PY (
N
=
W
(
3 =
100 × =
L
R
(
( XVHIXO
HIILFLHQF\ SHUFHQWDJH
100 × =
L
R
3
3 XVHIXO
HIILFLHQF\ SHUFHQWDJH
7 FP (
K
∆ =
PO (
K
=
,W 4 =
,5 9 =
5 5 5
7
+ + =
2 1

5 5 5
7
+ + =
2 1
1 1 1

V
9
5 5
5
9
÷
÷
ø
ö
ç
ç
è
æ
+
=
2 1
2
2

2
1
2
1
5
5
9
9
=

,9 3 =
5 , 3
2
=
5
9
3
2
=

V
S
S
V
S
V
,
,
9
9
Q
Q
= =
L
R
JDLQ
9
9
9 =
L
R
JDLQ
3
3
3 =
λ I Y =
I
3
1
=

W
1
$ =
P
(
' =
5
'Z + =



3
Relationships required for Standard Grade and/or
Intermediate 2 Physics
4

Relationships required for Higher Physics


W
Y
D

=
DW X Y + =
2
2
1
DW XW V + =
DV X Y 2
2 2
+ =
( )W Y X V + =
2
1

PD ) =
)G (
Z
=
PJK (
S
=
2
2
1
PY (
N
=
W
(
3 =
PY S =
PX PY )W − =
9
P
= ρ
$
)
3 =
JK 3 ρ =
RQVWDQW F
7
39
=
49 : =
,U 9 ( + =
,5 ( Σ Σ =
5 5 5
7
+ + =
2 1

5 5 5
7
+ + =
2 1
1 1 1

4
3
2
1
5
5
5
5
=

,5 9 =
5
9
5 , ,9 3
2
2
= = =
UPV SHDN
9 9 2 =
UPV SHDN
, , 2 =
9
4
& =
&
4
&9 49 (
2
2
1 2
2
1
2
1
= = =
1 1
5
5
9
9
I
R
− =
1
1 2
) (
5
5
9 9 9
I
R
− =
I
7
1
=
λ Q GLIIHUHQFH SDWK =
( )
1
2
SDWKGLIIHUHQFH Q λ = +
λ θ Q G = sin
2
1
sin
sin
θ
θ
= Q
2
1
2
1
2
1
sin
sin
Y
Y
= =
λ
λ
θ
θ

Q
F
1
sin = θ
2
G
N
, =

Relationships required for Higher Physics
5


Relationships required for Higher Physics

KI ( =
1KI , =
0
KI KI (
N
− =
KI : : = −
1 2

2
PF ( =
W
1
$ =
P
(
' =
5
'Z + =
W
+
+ =
&



PD[YDOXH PLQYDOXH
UDQGRPXQFHUWDLQW\
QXPEHURI YDOXHV

=
Relationships required for Higher Physics
6

Relationships required for Advanced Higher Physics


2
2
GW
V G
GW
GY
D = =
DW X Y + =
2
2
1
DW XW V + =
DV X Y 2
2 2
+ =
2
2
1
F
Y
P
P
R

=
2
PF ( =
GW

ω =
2
2
GW
G
GW
G θ ω
α = =
W
R
α ω ω + =
2
2
1
W W
R
α ω θ + =
αθ ω ω 2
2 2
+ =
R

θ U V =
ω U Y =
α U D
W
=
2
2
r
ω U
U
Y
D = =
2
2
ω PU
U
PY
) = =
)U 7 =
α , 7 =
ω
2
PU PYU / = =
ω , / =
2
2
1
ω , (
URW
=
2
2 1
U
P *P
) =
U
*P
9 − =
U
*P
Y
2
=
I ʌ 2 = ω
\
GW
\ G
2
2
2
ω − =
W $ \ ω cos = or W $ \ ω sin =
( )
2 2
\ $ Y − ± = ω
( )
2 2 2
2
1
\ $ P (
N
− = ω
2 2
2
1
\ P (
S
ω =
S
K
= λ
π 2
QK
PYU =
2
2 1
4 U
4 4
)
R
πε
=
2
4 U
4
(
R
πε
=
U
4
9
R
πε 4
=
4( ) =

Relationships required for Advanced Higher Physics
7

Relationships required for Advanced Higher Physics

(G 9 =
θ sin ,O% ) =
U
,
%
R
π
µ
2
=
U
, ,
O
)
R
π
µ
2
2 1
=
TY% ) =
GW
G,
/ − = ε
2
2
1
/, ( =
÷
ø
ö
ç
è
æ
λ
− π =
[
IW $ \ 2 sin
÷
÷
ø
ö
ç
ç
è
æ
±
=
V
V
Y Y
Y
I I
÷
ø
ö
ç
è
æ ±
=
Y
Y Y
I I
R
V

λ
Φ
[ ʌ 2
=

λ P GLIIHUHQFH SDWK RSWLFDO =
( )
1
2
RSWLFDO SDWKGLIIHUHQFH P λ = +
G
O
[
2
λ
∆ =
Q
G
4
λ
=
G
'
[
λ
∆ =
S
L Q tan =
2 2
÷
ø
ö
ç
è
æ
+
÷
ø
ö
ç
è
æ
=
=
=
<
<
;
; ∆ ∆ ∆

2 2
= < ; ∆ ∆ ∆ + =
( ) 2 2
2 1


=
Q
P P
P ∆
( ) 2 2
2 1


=
Q
F F
F ∆

Relationships required for Advanced Higher Physics
8

Additional relationships


Circle

FLUFXPIHUHQFH = 2π U
2
U DUHD π =


Sphere

2
DUHD = 4πU
3
3
4
YROXPH πU =


Trigonometry

K\SRWHQXVH
RSSRVLWH
= θ sin
K\SRWHQXVH
DGMDFHQW
= θ cos
DGMDFHQW
RSSRVLWH
= θ tan
1 cos sin
2 2
= + θ θ


Moment of inertia

point mass
2
PU , =

rod about centre
2
12
1
PO , =

rod about end
2
3
1
PO , =

disc about centre
2
2
1
PU , =

sphere about centre
2
5
2
PU , =


Table of standard derivatives

) ([ I ) ( ' [ I
D[ sin D[ Dcos
D[ cos D[ Dsin −


Table of standard integrals

) ([ I
ò
G[ [ I ) (
D[ sin & D[
D
+ − cos
1

D[ cos & D[
D
+ sin
1




Additional relationships
Moment of inertia
Trigonometry
Sphere
Circle
9

Copies are available from the Customer Contact Centre at SQA. telephone 0845 279 1000 ii .

. . . . . . 9 iii . . . . . 4 Relationships required for Advanced Higher Physics . . .Contents Page Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Relationships required for Standard Grade and or Intermediate 2 Physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Additional relationships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Relationships required for Access 3 and/or Intermediate 1 Physics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Relationships required for Higher Physics . . . . . . 8 Electron arrangements of elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.

candidates will be expected to demonstrate the ability to select an appropriate: ◆ ◆ ◆ formula relationship element or data pertaining to an element 1 . should any additional information (or data not included in this booklet) be required in an examination. Intermediate 2. Higher and Advanced Higher levels from the 2006 examination diet. This data should be supplemented by other resource material as necessary during the course. including Physics Units at Access 3. it will be included in the examination paper. Intermediate 1. which candidates may find useful. However. A periodic table of elements is included on page 9.Preface This data booklet is intended for use by candidates in examinations in Physics at Standard Grade. eg by using data sheets. are given on page 8. From the variety of data offered in this booklet. It is recommended that candidates become familiar with the contents of the data booklet through use in undertaking Units of these Courses. Additional relationships. The range of data contained in the booklet has been limited to syllabus content which may be assessed through written examination papers.

QWHUPHGLDWH  3K\VLFV UHVLVWDQFH = YROWDJH FXUUHQW FXUUHQW = SRZHU YROWDJH VSHHG = GLVWDQFH WLPH YROWDJH JDLQ = RXWSXW YROWDJH LQSXW YROWDJH ZHLJKW =  × PDVV DYHUDJH VSHHG = GLVWDQFH WLPH 2 .Relationships required for Access 3 and/or Intermediate 1 Physics 5HODWLRQVKLSV UHTXLUHG IRU $FFHVV  DQGRU .

5 3= 9 5 S = PY ( Z = )G ( S = PJK .V (N =  PY   3= ( W 9 JDLQ = 9R 9L 3R 3L 3JDLQ = XVHIXO (R ×  (L XVHIXO 3R ×  3L Y = Iλ SHUFHQWDJH HIILFLHQF\ = SHUFHQWDJH HIILFLHQF\ = 3=  I 1 W ( P ( K = FP∆7 ( K = PO 4 = .S Q V 9V = = QS 9S .QWHUPHGLDWH  3K\VLFV G =YW V= YW D= ∆Y W    = + +  57 5 5 æ 5 ö 9 = ç ç 5 + 5 ÷9V ÷ è   ø 9 5 = 9 5 3 = .5 $= '= + = 'Z5 57 = 5 + 5 +  3 .Relationships required for Standard Grade and/or Intermediate 2 Physics 5HODWLRQVKLSV UHTXLUHG IRU 6WDQGDUG *UDGH DQGRU .W 9 = .9 Y −X D= W : = PJ ) = PD 3 = .

SHDN =  . UPV &= 4 9 9 5 (X + Y )W ) = PD ( Z = )G ( S = PJK (N =  PY   ( 3= W S = PY )W = PY − PX P ρ= 9 ) 3= $ 3 = ρJK 39 = FRQVWDQW 7 : = 49 ( = 9 + .U ( =  49 =  &9  =     4 & 5I 9R =− 9 5 9R = 9 − 9 .5 Y = X + DW V = XW +  DW   Y  = X  + DV V=   3 = .9 = .5HODWLRQVKLSV UHTXLUHG IRU +LJKHU 3K\VLFV Relationships required for Higher D= ∆Y W Physics 5 5 = 5 5  9 = .  5 = 9 SHDN = 9UPV .

5 57 = 5 + 5 +     = + +  57 5 5 VLQ θ F =  Q .= N G 4 . 7=  I 5I 5 SDWK GLIIHUHQFH = Qλ SDWK GLIIHUHQFH = G VLQ θ = Qλ Q= VLQ θ VLQ θ  (Q +  ) λ  VLQ θ λ Y = = VLQ θ  λ Y Σ ( = Σ .

= 1KI Physics (N = KI − KI  : − : = KI ( = PF  $= '= 1 W ( P + = 'Z5 & + += W UDQGRP XQFHUWDLQW\ = PD[ YDOXH − PLQ YDOXH QXPEHU RI YDOXHV 5 .5HODWLRQVKLSV UHTXLUHG IRU +LJKHU 3K\VLFV Relationships required for Higher ( = KI .

ω   )= *PP U *P U 9 =− Y= *P U ( = PF  Gθ ω= GW ω= I G\ = −ω  \  GW \ = $ FRV ωW RU \ = $ VLQ ωW Y = ±ω Gω G θ =  α= GW GW ($  − \ ) ω = ω R + αW θ = ω R W +  αW   (N =  Pω  $ − \   ( S =  Pω  \   ( ) ω  = ωR  + αθ V = Uθ λ= K S QK π Y = Uω DW = Uα Y DU = = Uω  U PY  )= = PUω  U 7 = )U 7 = .5HODWLRQVKLSV UHTXLUHG IRU $GYDQFHG +LJKHU 3K\VLFV Relationships required for Advanced Higher GY G  V D= = GW GW  Y = X + DW V = XW +  DW   Y  = X  + DV P= PR Y −  F / = .α PYU = )= 44 πε R U  4 πε R U  4 πε R U (= 9= ) = 4(  / = PYU = PU ω 6 .ω Physics (URW =  .

πU ∆[ = G= λO G ) µ R .O% VLQ θ %= Physics RSWLFDO SDWK GLIIHUHQFH = Pλ RSWLFDO SDWK GLIIHUHQFH = (P +  )λ  µR . ( =  /.  = O πU ) = TY% λ Q ε = − / G. . æ ∆< ö æ ∆= ö = ç ÷ +ç ÷ .   ∆[ = λ' G GW Q = WDQ L S [ö æ \ = $ VLQ πç IW − ÷ λø è ∆. = ∆<  + ∆=    æ Y I = IV ç çY±Y V è ö ÷ ÷ ø ∆P = P − P  (Q − ) F − F  (Q − ) æ Y ± YR ö I = IV ç ÷ è Y ø ∆F = Φ=  [ λ 7 .5HODWLRQVKLSV UHTXLUHG IRU $GYDQFHG +LJKHU 3K\VLFV Relationships required for Advanced Higher 9 = (G ) = . è < ø è = ø ∆.

$GGLWLRQDO UHODWLRQVKLSV Additional relationships Circle &LUFOH FLUFXPIHUHQFH = π U 7DEOH RI VWDQGDUG GHULYDWLYHV I [.

VLQ D[ I [.

DUHD = π U  D FRV D[ − D VLQ D[ FRV D[ 6SKHUH Sphere DUHD = π U  YROXPH =  π U   7DEOH RI VWDQGDUG LQWHJUDOV I [.

VLQ D[ ò I [.

=  PU   VSKHUH DERXW FHQWUH  . =  PO   GLVF DERXW FHQWUH . = PU  URG DERXW FHQWUH  . =  PU  8 . =  PO  URG DERXW HQG .G[  − FRV D[ + & D  VLQ D[ + & D 7ULJRQRPHWU\ Trigonometry RSSRVLWH VLQ θ = K\SRWHQXVH FRVθ = WDQ θ = FRV D[ DGMDFHQW K\SRWHQXVH RSSRVLWH DGMDFHQW VLQ  θ + FRV  θ =  Moment of inertia 0RPHQW RI LQHUWLD SRLQW PDVV .

9 .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful