NASA Daily News Summary For Release: May 4, 2000 Media Advisory m00-89 SUMMARY NEWS RELEASES: SATELLITES

USED TO HELP PREDICT DEADLY DISEASE OUTBREAKS ASTRONOMERS CATCH IMAGES OF GIANT METAL DOG BONE ASTEROID NASA SPACECRAFT DATA IMPROVES TROPICAL FORECASTS VIDEO ALL TIMES EASTERN VIDEO FILE FOR MAY 4, 2000 Item 1 - TRMM Sees Through Clouds, Aids Hurricane Forecasters - GSFC Item 2 - Asteroid Kleopatra - a metal dog bone the size of New Jersey - JPL Item 3 - QuickScat Tracks Cholera - ARC and JPL Item 4 - Planetary Alignment (replay) UPCOMING LIVE TELEVISION EVENTS

***************************** NEWS RELEASES SATELLITES USED TO HELP PREDICT DEADLY DISEASE OUTBREAKS NASA is providing new insights from space that may help health

officials predict outbreaks of deadly water-borne cholera, a bacterial infection of the small intestine that can be fatal to humans. Scientists have learned how to use satellites to track blooms of tiny floating plant and animal plankton that carry cholera bacteria by using satellite data on ocean temperatures, sea height and other climate variables. The work is described in a recent paper co-authored by University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute (UMBI) and NASA researchers that appeared in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The authors found that rising sea temperatures and ocean height near the coast of Bangladesh in the Bay of Bengal from 1992 to 1995 often preceded sudden growth, or "blooms," of plankton and outbreaks of cholera. Similar application of risk analysis developed by NASA using satellite data has also been used in the study of diseases such as malaria, Lyme disease and Rift Valley fever. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Renee Juhans (Phone 202/358-1712). Contact at NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA: John Bluck (Phone 650/604-5026). Contact at University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, Baltimore, MD: Steve Berberich(Phone: 410/385-6315). For full text, see:

---------------------------ASTRONOMERS CATCH IMAGES OF GIANT METAL DOG BONE ASTEROID NASA astronomers have collected the first-ever radar images of a "main belt" asteroid, a metallic, dog bone-shaped rock the size of New Jersey, an apparent leftover from an ancient, violent cosmic collision. The asteroid, named 216 Kleopatra, is a large object in the main asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter; it measures about 135 miles long and about 58 miles wide. Kleopatra was discovered in 1880, but until now, its shape was unknown. "With its dog bone shape, Kleopatra is one of the most unusual asteroids we've seen in the Solar System," said Dr. Steven Ostro of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, who led a team of

astronomers observing Kleopatra with the 1,000-foot (305-meter) telescope of the Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico. "Kleopatra could be the remnant of an incredibly violent collision between two asteroids that did not completely shatter and disperse all the fragments." The astronomers used the telescope to bounce radar signals off Kleopatra. With sophisticated computer-analysis techniques, they decoded the echoes, transformed them into images, and assembled a computer model of the asteroid's shape. The Arecibo telescope underwent major upgrades in the 1990s, which dramatically improved its sensitivity and made it feasible to image more distant objects. "Getting images of Kleopatra from Arecibo was like using a Los Angeles telescope the size of the human eye¹s lens to image a car in New York," Ostro said. Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Donald Savage (Phone 202/358-1547). Contact at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA: Jane Platt (Phone 818/354-5011). For full text, see:

---------------------------NASA SPACECRAFT DATA IMPROVES TROPICAL FORECASTS A microwave imager onboard a NASA spacecraft can help improve forecasts of hurricanes and severe storms, and monitor long-term climate by seeing through clouds, new research shows. The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Microwave Imager (TMI) represents the first microwave spacecraft sensor capable of accurately measuring sea-surface temperatures through clouds. These findings were reported today in the Journal Science, by Frank Wentz and colleagues at Remote Sensing Systems, Santa Rosa, CA, who also are TRMM Science Team members. Science team members have found that data from the TRMM Microwave Imaging (TMI) sensor onboard the spacecraft has great potential to increase the accuracy of tropical storm and climate forecasts. Microwave radiation penetrates clouds with little loss of signal, providing an uninterrupted view of the ocean surface, whereas much of the infrared radiation, typically used for measuring sea-surface temperatures from satellites, is blocked by cloud cover.

Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: David E. Steitz (Phone 202/358-1730). Contact at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD: Allen Kenitzer (Phone 301/286-2806). For full text, see:

---------------------------If NASA issues any news releases later today, we will email summaries and Internet URLs to this list. Index of 2000 NASA News Releases: Index of 1999 NASA News Releases:

***************************** VIDEO LIVE TELEVISION COMING UP THIS WEEK UPCOMING LIVE TELEVISION May 4, Thursday - 1:00 - 1:20 p.m. - Administrator Goldin's Remarks for NASA Health and Safety Day (recorded earlier on 5/4/00)- HQ - 1:20 - 2:00 p.m. - Administrator Goldin's Remarks for Space Day (recorded earlier on 5/4/00) - HQ May 11, Thursday - 6:00 - 10:00 a.m. - Interstellar Transportation Live News Interviews - MSFC - 1:00 p.m. - Chandra Space Science Update - HQ

For a complete list of upcoming live television events, see ----------------------------Unless otherwise noted, ALL TIMES ARE EASTERN. ANY CHANGES TO THE VIDEO LINE-UP WILL APPEAR ON THE NASA VIDEO FILE ADVISORY ON THE WEB AT WE UPDATE THE ADVISORY THROUGHOUT THE DAY. The NASA Video File normally airs at noon, 3 p.m., 6 p.m., 9 p.m. and midnight Eastern Time. NASA Television is available on GE-2, transponder 9C at 85 degrees West longitude, with vertical polarization. Frequency is on 3880.0 megahertz, with audio on 6.8 megahertz. Refer general questions about the video file to NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Ray Castillo, 202/358-4555, or Fred Brown, 202/358-0713, During Space Shuttle missions, the full NASA TV schedule will continue to be posted at: For general information about NASA TV see:

***************************** Contract Awards Contract awards are posted to the NASA Acquisition information Service Web site:

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