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Solutions 181

15: Spot the difference Chapter 3 13: Its mine!


Time-lag task:
2: Dining with the famous (44 + 9) (23 + 6) = 24
(20 x 3) (36 9) = 33
Greta GarboHollywood actress
(5 x 8) (35 7) = 35
Muhammad AliHeavyweight
boxing champion
Marie CuriePhysicist & Chemist 17: Panic at the toy store!
(Nobel prize winner) Time-lag task:
CleopatraRuler of Ancient Egypt 46 14 = 32
Oprah WinfreyUS chat show 10 (4 x 2) = 2
host and actress 23 + 3 9 = 17
Mahatma GandhiPolitical and (5 x 8) (5 x 4) = 20
22: Mental drawing spiritual leader of India
JK RowlingAuthor of the Harry 18: Martian invasion
A: Potter books Latest headline: a large Martian
Isaac NewtonPhysicist sighting is conrmed. The rst
spacecrafts were spotted this
3: Visual memories morning over Spain and France.
A: 4 wings Further reports indicate that the
B: Yes. Its approximately 3 in eet is heading toward Great
C: 3 arrowheads Britain. In London, the streets are
B: D: Left hand lling up with worried citizens
E: 12 inches gazing at the sky. Supermarkets are
F: Red, white, and blue full as people are trying to buy
G: Approximately 1 in anything they can before the
invasion. Cars and buses are lining
up on the main roads. Traveling may
become difcult in a few hours.

23. Alien visit 20: Facing the enemies

28: Finding your way


182 SOLUTIONS

Time-lag task: 27: Follow the recipe 7: Its all in the detail
BATTLE A: Short tails
ENVELOPE B: Yellow/orange
CHICKEN C: No, the tip of the beak and parts
COMPUTER of the outer wing are black.
D: White/gray
21: Eyewitness E: Large ears
F: A boot
A: Guitar
B: Stroller
C: No 10: Funny images
D: 10 lamps Time-lag task: Objects: lion, cage, ostrich,
E: Leaning against a lamppost 424.4 Fahrenheit toothbrush, towel, bench, man, book,
F: No tree, frog, horse, green fence, scissors,
G: Cane 28: Geography lesson hand, pink cat, cookies, glass of
H: 10 people River Ocean milk, red and white straw, plate.
Mississippi Gulf of Mexico Time-lag task:
Time-lag task: Jordan Dead Sea (60 x 3) + (90 30) = 240
(10 x 7) 45 = 25 Seine English Channel (30 x 4) (36 10) = 94
(6 x 10) + (9 + 9) = 78 Ganges Indian Ocean (24 + 9) + (8 x 2) = 49
(7 x 4) (15 x 0) = 28 Danube Black Sea
(86 74) + (9 x 3) = 39 Euphrates Persian Gulf 23: Memorize to music
Amazon Atlantic Ocean Time-lag task:
22: Reading a map Mekong South China Sea The nail in a horseshoe
Footsteps

Chapter 4 25: The wedding speech


Time-lag task
(120 x 3) (25 x 2) + 54 = 364
4: Mental scale (80 + 26) + (23 x 3) 45 = 130
A: DVD case: Smaller
B: Mobile phone: Larger
26: Does it t in a shoebox?
C: Checkbook: Larger
Coat hanger: No
D: Ballpoint pen: Larger
Colander: No
E: Wine bottle: Smaller
Hair dryer: Yes
F: Cotton swab: Larger
Cereal box: No
26: Birthday wish G: Fork: Smaller
Tambourine: No
Time-lag task: H: Coffee mug: Smaller
Childs doll: Yes
I: Business card: Larger
Table tennis paddle: Yes
Bicycle pump: Yes
6: Imaginary turns Laptop: No
A: Identical Ice skates: No
B: Mirrored
C: Identical
30: Cube folding
D: Mirrored
Answer: C
E: Identical
F: Mirrored
Solutions 183

Chapter 5 5: Who are they? 12: Weekend shopping


Soccer player: soccer ball, soccer Hardware store: paint brush,
1: Accessories ball boots, pair of shorts masking tape, light switch
Artist: coloring pencils, sheet of Chemist: cough drops, cotton balls,
For women: lipstick, perfume, purse
paper, easel, paint set, ruler nail polish, bandages, vitamin pills
For men: dumbbell, top hat, wallet
Scientist: test tube, protective Garden center: potting soil, ower
For children: ball, slingshot, teddy
goggles, latex gloves, microscope seeds, rake, watering can
bear

2: Ranking game 6: Slide puzzle 14: Lets go shopping


The picture depicts the rst moon Time-lag task:
By size (small to large): diamond
landing in 1969. (125 + 41) (8 x 2) = 150
ring, calculator, telephone, vase,
(12 x 6) + (71 + 28) = 171
umbrella, laptop computer, car
(23 + 26) + (15 x 4) = 109
By value: umbrella, vase, calculator,
(52 + 20) (9 x 8) = 0
telephone, laptop computer, car,
diamond ring
19: A trove of toys
3: Whats on my kitchen Meaningful categories:
Sports equipment: soccer ball,
table?
badminton racket, cricket bat,
Table A
shuttlecock
1. 6 dairy products: cheese, milk,
Toy vehicles: coach, train, jeep,
yogurt, ice cream, butter, cream
tractor
2. 6 meats: sausage, steak, chicken,
Cuddly animal toys: teddy bear,
pork, turkey, lamb
7: Up for grabs panda, penguin, lion
3. 6 vegetables: corn, potato,
bean, carrot, broccoli, leek 1: Objects that make a sound
when theyre used: telephone, 20: The coldest places on
Table B violin, babys rattle, radio, bell, trumpet Earth
1. 5 orange-colored fruit/ 2: Objects that do not make a Time-lag task:
vegetable: apricot, pumpkin, sound when theyre used: scissors, (12 x 6) (4 + 12) = 56
orange, tangerine, carrot cup, pencil, book, sunglasses, bottle (5 x 8) + (7 5) = 42
2. 5 red-colored fruit/vegetable: (60 4) + (26 12) = 29
strawberry, cherry, tomato, radish, 8: Sorting shapes
raspberry First ordering system: colors of 21: Ring ngers
3. 5 green-colored fruit/ the rainbow The rings can be grouped by the
vegetable: zucchini, spinach, peas, Second ordering system: number shape of their stone (circular, square,
lettuce, artichoke of sides in ascending order rectangular), or by color (red: ruby,
Third ordering system: number of green: emerald, and blue: sapphire).
4: Going shing dots in ascending order
There are 4 species: Time-lag task:
1. Tail type 1 9: What belongs where? Answer: False
2. Tail type 2 The 4 categories are:
3. Blunt ns Vehicles (private modes of
4. Pronounced gills transportation); Vehicles (public
modes of transportation); Facial
features; Other body parts
184 SOLUTIONS

25: Cloud gazer 4: Observing faces 8: On a day trip


Organization principle: cloud levels A: Light brown
Low clouds: stratus, nimbostratus, B: Yes
cumulus, C: No
Middle clouds: altostratus, D: No
stratocumulus, altocumulus E: Yes
High clouds: cirrostratus, cirrus, F: A at nose
cirrus-cumulus
Exception: Cumulonimbus 5: Back to the bank
Time-lag task:
Time-lag task: 26 + 51 + 32 + 64 = 173
12 + 15 + 6 + 9 + 11 30 + 8 = 31 43 + 31 + 36 20 = 90
6 3 + 8 + 17 9 + 22 + 5 = 46 34 + 45 + 7 21 = 65
32 + 12 30 + 11 = 25
28: Decathlon
Time-lag task: 11: The new batch
(230 90) + (15 x 4) = 200
(124 12) + (8 x 6) (45 + 9) = 106

29: Fixing the house

14: Meet the teachers


A: Yes
B: Biology
C: Mrs. Reed
D: No
E: No
F: Ms. Crawford
Chapter 6
15: Friends of a friend
2: New bank workers Time-lag task:
Answer: C elastic

17: Business relations


Time-lag task:
(45 x 3) + (32 + 56) = 223
(35 7) x (42 6) = 180
(21 6) + (7 x 8) = 71
(6 x 12) (23 7) = 56
Solutions 185

18: Too many docs! 6: Age is just a number 21: Tuning in


Time-lag task: Time-lag task: Time-lag task:
1: Be attentive to boost memory A: Forest
(pp.4041) B: Sapling
2: Basic principles to improve C: Hot
memory for the past (pp.6263)
3: The Link System (pp.8889) 22: Uncle Freds area code
4: The Journey Method (pp.9293) Time-lag task:
5: The Peg System (pp.114115) Answer: A river
6: Mental Maps (pp.118119) 7: Knitwear for Christmas
7: The 3-step memory booster Time-lag task: 24: Utility bill
(pp.136137) 3 x left turns Time-lag task:
3 x right turns
19: On rst-name terms
Time-lag task: 10: A slice of pi
Time-lag task:
x x Answer: Charcoal

x x 12: Birth years


Time-lag task:
x x Carrot
Strawberry
20: Party time! Cantaloupe Chapter 8
Time-lag task:
67 + 45 6 = 106 13: Safe delivery 7: The best diet
34 + 4 8 = 30 Time-lag task The Mediterranean diet. This diet does
23 7 + 26 = 42 Answer: Stars not include much meat. The emphasis
424 234 = 190 is on whole grains, fresh fruits and
14: Airport pick up vegetables, sh, olive oil, garlic, as
Time-lag task well as a moderate amount of wine.
Answer: A memory
Chapter 7 8: Exercise outside the
16: Banking details gym
Time-lag task: 1: Always take the stairs instead of
4: Important phone elevators
number 2: Park you car farther than you
Time-lag task: normally would from your
Answer: Your name destination
3: Take a walk outside during your
5: Code to enter the site lunch break
Time-lag task: 4: Put on some music in the house
Answer: Give the 4 children an and dance to it
apple each and then give the last 18: Online library 5: Do some gardening
child the basket with the apple in it. Time-lag task: 6: Housework (vacuuming the house
Answer: Bookkeeper offers a good physical workout)
186 USEFUL WEBSITES

Useful websites
GENERAL INFORMATION ON Long-term memory Remembering numbers
MEMORY www.lumosity.com www.braingle.com/mind/test_
numbers.php
www.sharpbrains.com www.toimprovememory.com/
longtermmemoryactivities.php www.improvememory.org/how-to-
www.dana.org improve-memory/memorization-
www.memoryjoggingpuzzles.com techniques-remember-numbers
www.pbs.org/wnet/brain/
Memory and imagination www.memorise.org/lesson3.htm
www.youramazingbrain.org/ (For further information about the
www.enchantedmind.com/html/
yourmemory/ Major System)
science/creative_memory.html
www.improvememory.org
www.cul.co.uk/creative/puzzles.htm
Your body and mind
www.waystoimprovememory.com
www.supplementsformemorytips. www.learningmeditation.com
com/Improve-Memory-When-You- (For more information on
www.memorise.org
Improve-Creativity.html meditation)
www.memory-loss.org
Memory and organization
National Institutes of Health
www.gloo.com.au www.web-us.com/memory/ http://health.nih.gov
improving_memory.htm (Advice on symptoms of stress,
treatment, and prevention)
MORE PUZZLES www.npmanagement.org/Article_
AND FURTHER INFORMATION List/Articles/Organizational_Memory.
htm The World Health Organization
www.who.int/occupational_health/
Short-term memory topics/stressatwp/en/
Remembering names and faces
www.fupa.com/play/Puzzles-free- www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/stress
games/short-term-memory www.memory-key.com/improving/ (Advice on stress at the workplace)
strategies/everyday/remembering-
www.free-sudoku-puzzles.com/ names-faces The British Wheel of Yoga
games/memory-game/short-term- www.bwy.org.uk
memory-game.php www.howtoimprovememory.org/ (Find a certied yoga teacher
names-faces/ anywhere in the world)
www.onlinegamescastle.com/game/
short-term-memory www.mymemoryx.com/remember_
faces.html
www.everydayhealth.com/longevity/
mental-tness/brain-exercises-for-
memory.aspx
Further reading 187

Further reading
Introduction to the brain Memory and creativity General
Searching for memory: The Brain, Cognition: From Memory to The Sharp Brains Guide to Brain
the Mind, and the Past by Daniel L. Creativity by Robert W. Weisberg Fitness: 18 Interviews with Scientists,
Schacter (Basic books), 1997 and Lauretta M. Reeves (John Wiley Practical Advice, and Product
& Sons), 2012 Reviews, to Keep Your Brain Sharp
Learning and Memory: The Brain in by Alvaro Fernandez & Dr. Elkhonon
Action by Marilee B. Sprenger The Mind Map Book: Unlock Your Goldberg (Sharpbrains,
(ASCD), 2003 Creativity, Boost Your Memory, Incorporated), 2009
Change Your Life by Tony Buzan
The Rough Guide to the Brain (BBC Active), 2009 My Stroke of Insight: A Brain
by Barry Gibb (Rough Guides), 2007 Scientists Personal Journey
Brainpower: Practical Ways to Boost by Jill Bolte Taylor (Hodder), 2009
The Human Brain: A Guided Tour Your Memory, Creativity and
by Susan Greeneld (Phoenix), 2001 Thinking Capacity by Laureli Blyth The Brain That Changes Itself:
(Barnes & Noble Books), 2002 Stories of Personal Triumph from the
Memory improving techniques Frontiers of Brain by Norman Doidge
and exercises Memory and health Science (Penguin), 2007
Dont Forget: Easy Exercises for Saving Your Brain: The Revolutionary
a Better Memory by Danielle C. Lapp Plan to Boost Brain Power, Improve Spark: The Revolutionary New
(DeCapo Press), 1995 Memory and Protect Yourself Science of Exercise and the Brain
Against Aging and Alzheimers by John J. Ratey and Eric Hagerman
Intelligent Memory: Exercise Your by Jeffrey Ivan Victoroff (Bantum (Quercus Publishing), 2008
Mind and Make Yourself Smarter Doubleday Dell), 2004
by Barry Gordon and Lisa Berger The Memory Book: The Classic
(Vermilion,) 2003 How to Improve Memory and Brain Guide to Improving Your Memory at
Function as we Age by Parris Kidd Work, at School, and at Play
How to Develop a Brilliant Memory (Keats Pub Inc.),1997 by Harry Lorayne and Jerry Lucas
Week by Week: 52 Proven Ways to (Ballantine Books), 1986
Enhance Your Memory Skills Yoga Mind, Body and Spirit: A
by Dominic OBrien (Duncan Baird Return to Wholeness by Donna Farhi
Publishers), 2005 (Newleaf), 2001

Intelligent Memory How to Activate Your Brain: A


by Barry Gordon and Lisa Berger Practical Guide Book by Valentin
(Vermilion), 2003 Bragin M.D Ph.D (AuthorHouse),
2007
Exercises in Memory by Frank
Channing Haddock (Kessinger Super Body, Super Brain: The
Publishing), 2010 Workout That Does it All by Michael
Gonzalez-Wallace (HarperOne),
Maximize Your Memory: Techniques 2011
and Exercises for Remembering Just
about Anything by Jonathan
Hancock (Readers Digest
Association), 2000
188 INDEX

Index
A bouquets 124 connections
accessories, displaying 106 braids 61 brain atrophy 95, 166
accomplished pose, yoga 170 brain Link System 889
acronyms 113 aging 166 Mind Webs 11821
acrostics 113 atrophy 95, 166 neurons 15, 22, 173
actors 135 brain waves 172 organizing information 110
adenosine 175 caffeine and 175 sleep and 173
advertisements, humorous 84 effects of stress 168 conscious mind
aerobic exercise 1767 exercise and 176 meditation 169
aging 1667 injuries 22 suppressing memories 17
airports 158 memory storage 1415 constellations 100
aliens 47, 49, 69, 70 plasticity 225, 95, 166 context
alphabetical pegs 114 sleep and 173 and forgetting 16
Alzheimers disease 175 see also neurons remembering songs 86
amnesia 59 bus drivers 24 controlled focus meditation 169
angiogenesis 176 business cards 75, 143 cooking 73, 95
animals, remembering 33, 112 Buzan, Tony 119 cortisol 168
antioxidants 174 crazy images 90, 91
C creativity see imagination
anxiety 86, 171 caffeine 175
area codes 162 credit cards 162
calories 163
Aristotle 119 crossword puzzles 167
card games 167
arithmetic, mental 32 cube folding 102
cardiovascular disease 175 cues, organizing information 110
arousal cars
and bizarre images 91 curiosity 63
journeys 245
remembering special moments 84 D
licence plate numbers 153
association dance steps 101
maintenance 128
Link System 889 dates
odometers 149
3-Step Memory Booster 1369 birth years 150, 156
casinos 112
atrophy, brain 95, 166 historical events 148, 160
cat tilt pose, yoga 171
attention decathlon 127
cells, brain see neurons
long-term memory 623 depression 171
cerebral cortex 95
noise distractions 43 desks, tidy 110
China, rote-learning 67
and working memory 401 details, mental images 81
choking under pressure 61
Attention Decit and Hyperactivity diaries 103, 173
cholesterol 175
Disorder (ADHD) 41 diet 166, 1745
chronic stress 168
auto-pilot 12 distractions
chunking 35, 1523
autobiographical memories 58, 86 aging and 166
clouds 125
automatic memories 1213 short-term memory 37, 401
codes, numerical 32, 150, 151, 157,
B 159, 162 doctors 143
backward spelling 39 coffee 175 dogs 57
BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor) coldest places on Earth 123 doodles 96
176 Collins, Dr. Allan 119 drawing, mental 47
colors dreams 173
bicycles, riding 60
drumming ngers 17
bilingual abilities 25 memory span 30
birds 122 Mind Webs 121 E
birth years 150, 156 team colors 45 emotions
birthday wish 73 comparisons, visual short-term memory autobiographical knowledge 58
bizarre images 90, 91 36 ashbulb memories 65
blood vessels 176 computers 23 and long-term memory 63
board games 167 concentration, choking under pressure music and 65, 86
books 167 61 remembering special moments 845
Index 189

encoding memories see registering Greece J


memories Journey Method 92 jigsaw puzzles 39
epinephrine 168, 175 Mind Webs 119 journalism 124
episodic memory 58 mnemonics 20 Journey Method 925, 115
Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind 17 rote-learning 67
European Union 97 grouping information 11213
K
kinaesthetic images 80
exaggeration, Link System 88 chunking 1523
exams 66, 87 images 109, 111 knitwear sizes 151
exercise 166, 168, 1767 Mind Webs 11821 L
exercise routines 128 growth hormones 176 languages, bilingual abilities 25
external memory aids 23 LDL cholesterol 175
H
eyes learning
Hatha Yoga 170
recognizing faces 139 brain plasticity 25
HDL cholesterol 175
spatial mapping 157 learning by rote 667
health 16477
visual short-term memory 36 self-testing 667
heart rate 176
eyewitnesses 70 working memory 39
hemispheres, brain 14
F hippocampus 14 leaves 129
faces effects of stress 168 letters
recognizing 139 exercise and 176 acronyms and words 113
remembering 13045 long-term memory 58 licence plates 153
famous people 54, 140, 142, 145 and navigation 24 random strings of 44
fats, in diet 175 plasticity 22 sequences 35
fatty acids 174, 175 historical events 148, 160 licence plate numbers 153
Felberbaum, Frank 89 hormones lifestyle, and aging 166, 167
nger drumming 17 growth hormones 176 light, speed of 158
sh 107 stress hormones 168 limbic system 14
ags 51 house numbers 159 Link System 84, 8891, 115
ashbulb memories 65 house repairs 127 linking games 97, 98
owers, bouquets 124 humor 845 lists
focusing ability 423 camping trips 126
I Journey Method 115
Foer, Joshua 20
imagination 76103 organizing information 110, 113
food
Journey Method 925, 115 Peg System 11417
effects on memory 166, 1745
Link System 84, 8891
fussy eaters 117 shopping lists 18, 55, 94, 99, 101,
Mind Webs 121
recipes 73, 95 113, 116
remembering special moments 845
restaurant orders 91 singing 87
visualization 823
shopping lists 18, 55 to-do lists 87, 125
information
forgetting 1619 lobes, brain 14
forgetting 1619
amnesia 59 logic 110
improving memory 201
names 16, 88 long-term memory 30, 5275
Journey Method 925, 115
stress and 168 aging and 166
learning by rote 667
France, rote-learning 67 amnesia 59
Link System 84, 8891
free radicals 174 attention 623
long-term memory 5275
friends 168 episodic memory 58
Mind Webs 11821
frontal lobe 14, 91, 176 ashbulb memories 65
multitasking 401
fun facts 21 learning by rote 667
organizing 1011, 11013
funny images 845 personal meaning 645
Peg System 11417
procedural memory 601, 172
G short-term memory 2851
role of hippocampus 58
games 167 storage in brain 1415
semantic memory 589
gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) 171 working memory 38, 40
gardening 129 injuries, brain 22 M
general knowledge 58 interference, and forgetting 18 magazines 167
geography 74 inventors 142 Major System 155
Germany, rote-learning 67 IQ scores 39 mapping techniques, Mind Webs 11821
190 INDEX

maps 245, 48, 50, 71 brain plasticity 25 P


Martian invasion 69 and long-term memory 65 parietal lobe 14
meaning procedural memory 60 parrot-fashion learning 67
memorizing text 13 remembering songs 867 parties 144
Number-Association System 154 singing backward 49 paths, remembering 37
personal meaning 645 singing to-do lists 87 Peg System 11417
remembering names 139 studying while listening to 87 personal meaning, long-term memory
meditation 168, 169, 170 645
memorability factors, long-term memory
N
phone numbers 23
623 names
chunking 153, 161
memory remembering 16, 88, 89, 13045
length 35
aging and 1667 3-Step Memory Booster 1369
memorizing 23, 1489
amnesia 59 navigation 245, 50
phonological short-term memory 34
automatic memories 1213 neurons 15
Pi, remembering 153
competitions 20 brain plasticity 22 PINs 155
episodic memory 58 caffeine and 175 planning, Mind Webs 11819
exercise and 176 exercise and 176 plasticity, brain 225, 95, 166
forgetting 1619 production of new 176 playing cards 20, 48
health and 16477 sleep and 173 postcards 141
imagination 76103 yoga and 171 practice, procedural memory 60
improving 201 neuroplasticity 225, 166 problem solving 38, 118
long-term memory 30, 5275 neurotransmitters 15, 166, 176 procedural memory 601, 172
memory palace 925 newspapers 167 puzzles
organizing memories 1011, 10429 noise, distractions 43 crossword 167
procedural memory 601, 172 numbers 14663 jigsaw 39
remembering names and faces 13045 car licence plates 153
remembering numbers 14663 chunking 35, 1523
Q
Quillian, Ross 119
semantic memory 589 codes 32, 150, 151, 157, 159, 162
short-term memory 2851 Major System 155 R
sleep and 173 memory span 30 radio 161, 167
storage in brain 10, 1415 mental arithmetic 32 ranking information 106, 112
stress and 168 mixed-up 44 reading
suppressing 17 number lines 157 drumming ngers and 17
mental arithmetic 32 Number-Association System 1547 spatial mapping 157
mental images see visualization Peg System 11417 stimulating brain 167
mental rotation 39, 80 phone numbers 23, 35, 1489, 153, recall see retrieving memories
mental scale 79 161 recent past 305
mental sketchpads 36 PINs 155 recipes 73, 95
Miller, George 35 sequences 46 registering memories 1011
Mind Webs 11821 singing 98 forgetting and 1617
minds eye 11 relaxation 86, 16871
mirror images 79 O REM sleep 172, 173
mnemonics 20, 82 occipital lobe 14, 83 repetition
Major System 155 oceans 72 learning by rote 667
Number-Association System 1547 odd ones out 42 remembering names 136
Peg System 117 odometers 149 remembering songs 867
mobile phones 23 omega-3 fatty acids 174, 175 repression, suppressing memories 17
motivation, and long-term omega-6 fatty acids 174, 175 resistance training 176
memory 63 open monitoring meditation 169 retrieving memories 10
motor skills, sleep and 173 oral tradition 20 forgetting and 1619
movie stars 135 organization 1011, 10429 Mind Webs 11821
multitasking 401 Mind Webs 11821 multi-sensory technique 82
museums 167 Peg System 11417 organizing information 110
music origami 69 Peg System 11417
acrostics 113 oxidation, free radicals 174 reverse parking cars 36
Index 191

rhymes Journey Method 925 suppressing memories 17


Number-Association System 154 numbers 157 utility bills 163
Peg System 114, 116 short-term memory 367
V
riding bicycles 60 sleep and 173
vacations, Mind Webs 1201
rings 123 special moments 845
vegetables 129
room layouts 51, 79 speeches 99
verbal uency 167
rotation, mental 39, 80 speed of light 158
verbal memories
rote-learning 667 speed of sound 158
short-term memory 34, 37
spelling, backward 39
S sleep and 173
sports 96
salient events 84 visiting girls ceremony 71
benets of 177
sandwich, jumbo 45 visual memory
decathlon 127
saturated fats 175 attention and 55
popularity 117
scale, mental 79 processing information 11
procedural memory 61
self-testing 667 short-term memory 34, 367
spot-the-difference exercises 36, 423
self-transcending meditation 169 visualization 11
stamps 75
semantic memory 589 boosting memory with 823
stars, constellations 100
senses 14 and imagination 7881
stimulants, caffeine 175 Journey Method 925, 115
tactile memories 80
stimulation, and aging 167 Link System 84, 8891
and visualization 82
storing memories 10, 1415 Mind Webs 11821
serotonin 176
stress Number-Association System 1547
shapes
importance of 168 short-term memory 36
Number-Association System 154 music and 86
overlapping 31 3-Step Memory Booster 1369
stress management 166, 1689 vividness of mental images 83
sorting 109 yoga and 1701
shoes 57 vitamins 174
stroke 22
shopping lists 18, 55, 94, 99, 101, 113, students W
116 brain plasticity 25 waiters 91
short-term memory 2851 learning by rote 66 wastebasket ball exercise 22
amnesia 59 listening to music 87 Webs, Mind 11821
distractions 37, 401 working memory 39 wedding speeches 99
focusing ability 423 suitcases 108 weight training 176
limited capacity 35 suppressing memories 17 Whately, Richard 62
multitasking 401 surprises, memorable events 85 who said what? 74
verbal short-term memory 34 Swazi tribe 63 window shopping 148
visual short-term memory 34, 367 synapses 15, 22, 25 wines 102
working memory 3843 witnesses 70
singers, memorizing names 145 T women, inuential 140
singing see songs table pose, yoga 171 Wonders of the World 19
size tactile memories 80 words
estimating 13, 79, 100 taxi drivers 24 acronyms and acrostics 113
ordering 50 teachers 140, 141 Major System 155
sketchpads, mental 36 temporal lobe 14, 91 Peg System 11417
skill memory 601 text, memorizing 13 sleep and 173
sleep 1723 thinking, working memory 38 tip of tongue phenomenon 167
slide puzzle 108 3-Step Memory Booster 1369 verbal uency 167
social life 168 tip of tongue phenomenon 167 working memory 3843
touch, tactile memories 80
songs X
toys 12, 68, 122
and long-term memory 65 xanthines 175
trans fats 175
remembering 867
travel 245 Y
singing backward 49
trees 129 yoga 168, 1701
singing numbers 98
singing to-do lists 87 U Z
sound, speed of 158 unconscious mind zooming in 81
spatial information procedural memory 60
192 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

About the Author


Dr. Pascale Michelon
Pascale Michelon is a research scientist at Washington University in the
Psychology department. Dr. Michelons passion for applying and sharing
scientic knowledge led her into the eld of brain tness and memory
improvement. She has worked with both young and older adults to
understand how the brain processes information and memorizes facts. In
2006, she founded The Memory Practice to provide adults with challenging
cognitive exercises to keep their brain t. Dr. Michelon has received several
academic fellowships and awards. From 2004 to 2006, she received the
Washington University Center for Aging award for her research into the
effects of aging on spatial reasoning. Dr. Michelon is also an Expert
Contributor for the website SharpBrains.com, where individuals, companies,
and institutions are provided with the best science-based information and
guidance on brain health and tness.

Acknowledgments
Authors acknowledgments
I would like to start by thanking my editor Suhel Ahmed We would like to extend our thanks to Giles Smith, the
for his thoughtful support, his rapid and enlightening marketing manager at www.travelindependent.info,
feedback, and his enthusiasm for the project from start for providing us access to their online entry for South
to nish. I would like to thank Keith Hagan for his fresh, America on pp.120121
colorful, and striking illustrations, without which this
book would clearly not be the same. Many thanks to Picture Credits
Charlotte Seymour for overseeing every aspect of the
The publisher would like to thank the following for
books design, and my gratitude also goes to Nicola
their kind permission to reproduce their photographs:
Erdpresser who did a fantastic job of marrying the text
(Key: a-above; b-below/bottom; c-centre; f-far; l-left;
and illustrations: it was always a pleasure to see the
r-right; t-top)
proofs during the books production. Thanks also to
Angela Baynham for her solid editorial work.
16 John Foxx: (cr). Getty Images: Digital Vision (cra);
Finally, I would like to thank my family and
Stockbyte (ca). 59 Getty Images: McDaniel Woolf (ftr).
particularly Pascal, for his continued support and his
133 Getty Images: Monica Lau (ca). Imagestate: (c,
complete trust in my projects and dreams.
fcr, cl). 138 John Foxx: (crb). Imagestate: (cr, cra, br).
141 John Foxx: (bc, fbl, bl). Getty Images: C. Borland
Publishers acknowledgments / PhotoLink (cb); Monica Lau (clb). Inmagine: (cl).
DK Publishing would like to thank HiIary Bird for 142 Imagestate: (cl). 145 Getty Images: Don Tremain
supplying the index and Alyson Silverwood for (c). 150 Imagestate: (br)
proofreading the book in such a short amount of time.
Also, many thanks to them and their families for All other images Dorling Kindersley
checking the puzzles and exercises. For further information see: www.dkimages.com