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Table of Contents Section 1- Maps y y y y World Continent Country/Region City/Town
Section 2&3- Country Facts y y y y y y History Society Political Structure Industrial/Technological Structure Cultural Structure Economic Structure
Section 4- Itinerary y y Day-By-Day Itinerary Daily Activities
Section 5- Culture y y y y y y y y y History Visual Description Meaning Procedures/Process Steps Special Rules History of Countries Food Historical Outside Influences Traditional Staples & Ingredients Signature Tradition Dishes
y Mealtime Traditions Section 1: Maps World Continent Country City/Town .
World Map .
Continent Map .
Country Map .
City/Town Maps .
City/Town Maps .
Section 2 Country Facts History Society Political Structure Economic Structure Cultural Structure Cultural Structure .
Indonesia. The first U. They were followed by waves of Indonesian and Malayan settlers from 3000 BC. Meanwhile. Under a constitution approved by the people of the Philippines in 1935. and Japan. In 1988 there was the Spanish-American War in which the Philippines ceded to the United States of America. The Jones Law (1916) established a Philippine legislature composed of an elective Senate and House of Representatives. had declared their independence. led by Emilio Aguinaldo.S. 1941.S. U. The Tydings-McDuffie Act (1934) provided for a transitional period until 1946. Here are some important events that shaped the Philippines. The Treaty of Paris ceded the Philippines to the U.000 BC.History The Philippines is a peaceful place with kind people and beautiful landmarks and tourist sites. extensive trade was being conducted with India. 8. They initiated guerrilla warfare against U. troops that persisted until Aguinaldo·s capture in 1901. Osmeña reestablished the government. By 1902. 1946 during post WWII the republic of the Philippines attained its independence. Onward. Vice President Sergio Osmeña succeeded him. Spain retained possession of the islands for the next 350 years.On Dec. The Philippines· aboriginal inhabitants arrived from the Asian mainland around 25. the Portuguese navigator in the service of Spain. Following the fall of Gen. In 1944-45 also during WWII United States forces and Filipino·s fought together to regain control of the islands. after the liberation of Manila in Feb. . explored the Philippines in 1521. at which time the Philippines would become completely independent. 1945.S. Quezon instituted a government-in-exile that he headed until his death in 1944. who was later to become Philip II of Spain. in 1899 after the Spanish-America War. peace was established except among the Islamic Moro·s on the southern island of Mindanao. Ferdinand Magellan. In 1942 during WWII the Philippine islands fell under the occupation of Japanese troops. 1944 and. the islands were invaded by Japanese troops. On July 4th. China. Douglas MacArthur's forces at Bataan and Corregidor. That was a brief history on the Philippines.S. Twenty-one years later a Spanish exploration party named the group of islands in honor of Prince Philip. civilian governor-general was William Howard Taft (1901²1904). the Commonwealth of the Philippines came into being with Manuel Quezon y Molina as president. Forces under MacArthur reinvaded the Philippines in Oct. By the 14th century AD. the Filipinos.
rather than horizontal ties forged among members of economically based social classes. the language of the Manila area. especially those to the Middle East. Filipinos shared a common set of values emphasizing social acceptance as a primary virtue and a common world view in which education served as the principal avenue for upward social mobility.34 Migrants out of 1. and the upland tribal minorities sprinkled throughout the islands. Pangasineses. however. despite increasing signs of urbanization. migrated only to find temporary employment and retained their Philippine domiciles. The ethnic make-up of the Philippines consists of many ethnic tribes that had an impact on the hundreds of dialects used in the Philippines. The migration rate is -1. and urban-rural differences. Some resistance to this cultural homogeneity remained. with the important exceptions of the Muslim minority on Mindanao and in Sulu and southern Palawan provinces. sociocultural (in the case of upland tribes versus lowland coastal Filipinos). The Philippines continued to be primarily a rural society in 1990. . Because of a common religious tradition and the spread of Pilipino as a widely used. And the class division·s are the 1st-6th class based on how much money you have. and the Bisaya. The family remained the prime unit of social awareness. Tagalog·s. national language. Filipinos were a relatively homogeneous population.976. and ritual kin relations and associations of a patron-client nature still were the basis for social groupings beyond the nuclear family.Society The population size in the Philippines is estimated at 97. if not thoroughly accepted.603 people. Large numbers of rural migrants continued to flow into the huge metropolitan areas. Kampampangan·s. Many of these migrants. rather than ethnic or racial considerations. Filipinos also migrated in substantial numbers to the United States and other countries.000 population. and continued regional identification was manifested in loyalty to regional languages and in opposition to the imposition of a national language based largely on Tagalog. especially Metro Manila. Bicolano·s. Improvements in the national transportation system and in mass communications in most parts of the archipelago in the 1970s and 1980s tended to reduce ethno linguistic and regional divisions among lowland Filipinos. who made up more than 90 percent of the population. Cleavages in the society were based primarily on religious (in the case of Muslims versus Christians). But the major ethnic groups are the Ilocano·s.
upon which the present government is based. which essentially restored institutions and processes dismantled by Marcos during his regime. Congress formulates laws. the legal system is that of the Spanish and Anglo-American Law and it accepts compulsory ICT Jurisdiction with reservations. . and the 1987 constitution. It is a unitary system in that power resides in a central authority. They·re government type is of a republic type. which allowed Ferdinand Marcos to continue to hold office as president. which established the first republic in Asia. in which the president wields executive power. the nation has had four major constitutions: the 1899 constitution. They·re leader Gloria Macapagal Arroyo has stepped down from her presidency and the Philippine·s is in progress of electing a new one. and the Judicial branch kind of like what we have here in America. the 1973 constitution. and an independent judiciary ensures that laws are uniformly upheld. the executive branch. The ruling party in the Philippines is the president.From the time when the Philippines declared itself a sovereign state in 1898.Political Structure The Philippines political structure consist· of three major branches. The 1987 constitution describes the Philippine political as republican and democratic. and whatever power lower levels of government possess has been delegated to them either by Congress or through executive orders. The formal political structure of the Philippines is patterned on that of the United States. which served as the basic law during the period of self-government while the Philippines was still under American rule and after it became independent in 1946. the legislative branch. the 1935 constitution.
coconut. abaca and coffee. computer peripherals. Some of its major durable manufacturing exports include semiconductor devices. and products. livestock. The goods that they export is food that they make. agriculture remains its primary sector. bananas. The goods that they import is technology such as play station·s. corn. and forestry. textiles. and manufacturing industries. Agriculture is one of the major sources of employment and GDP in the country. Telecommunication and financial services also make significant contribution to the country·s economic growth. although the Philippines is fast becoming an industrialized economy. chemicals and construction materials. farming. cabbage. and National Gross Product of the Philippines are the export of goods like movies.Per capita is $3. rice. food. The industries that they have are the food industries. However. tobacco.Philippines Economic Structure: Tertiary Sector: The services sector is the largest sector in the Philippines employing more than 50% of the country·s population. pineapple.Philippines Economic Structure: Primary Sector. The period of the 1950s was a revolutionary period in the history of the country·s manufacturing sector. and games. it contributes more to GDP than agriculture. medical transcription. and fish.Economic Strucutre The main economic resources. after India. trade. The agricultural crops include sugarcane.300 and their unemployment rate is 7. flat screen TV·s from America. More people are engaged in traditional manufacturing activities. mangoes. refined petroleum. such as IT. the Philippines is the second largest business process outsourcing hub in Asia pacific.e. automobile parts and electric machinery. Their gdp. tobacco. The Philippines offer services related to various fields. According to a study released by Oracle Corp.9%. finance and animation. Manufacturing output mainly includes processed food. fisheries. engineering. Europe.5%. An amount of P38 billion (US$812 million) has been allocated to this sector under the proposed national government budget for 2010. architectural. onion. The country·s agricultural sector spans 4 sub-sectors i. In June 2008.Philippines Economic Structure: Secondary Sector: The manufacturing sector of the Philippines provides employment to a very small section of its labor force. with annual growth rate averaging 9. such as chips. The impacts that the economy makes on the country and its people are that the amount of money that people in a village have affects the kind of lifestyle that the villagers have. Japan and ASEAN countries. apparel. peanut. . Its agricultural products are widely imported by the US.
or by windmills. and Airplane. the transportation systems are by Car. . Their technology is as advanced as the technology in America. Their electricity comes by power line.Industrial/Technological Structure The technology level of the Philippines is Level 8. The way by which they communicate is by a main line or by a mobile cellular phone. Tricycles (Motorcycles with a sidecar) a Jeepney.
. . or does not live up to expectations. Dress well. This has a different meaning in the Philippines. It is best to arrive 15 to 30 minutes later than invited for a large party. grandparents. . . Never refer to your host's wife as the hostess. they feel shame and lose self-esteem. . cousins and honorary relations such as godparents. It is a sense of social propriety and conforming to societal norms of behaviour. . As such. People get strength and stability from their family. Appearances matter and you will be judged on how you dress. . It shows you have class. Hiya is shame and is a motivating factor behind behaviour. If someone is publicly embarrassed. The family is the centre of the social structure and includes the nuclear family. . uncles. sponsors. It is common for members of the same family to work for the same company.Cultural Structure . One indication of this might be a willingness to spend more than they can afford on a party rather than be shamed by their economic circumstances. Send a handwritten thank you note to the hosts in the week following the dinner or party. If you are invited to a Filipino's house: . and close family friends. aunts. In fact. Compliment the hostess on the house. many collective bargaining agreements state that preferential hiring will be given to family members. criticized. . . many children have several godparents. . Filipinos believe they must live up to the accepted standards of behaviour and if they fail to do so they bring shame not only upon themselves. but also upon their family. . Concern for the extended family is seen in the patronage provided to family members when they seek employment. .
Section 3 Country Facts General Information Currency Climate Health concerns Unique laws .
and education. which has a total area of 60 sq. the arts.General Information The Philippines is one of the largest island groups in the world with 7. Its strategic position finds the Philippines at the crossroads of international travel lanes. in the south by the Sulu and Celebes Seas. whose exotic forests make it an irresistible haven for nature lovers. . the largest island where the capital of the Philippines is situated.Manila is the seat of administration and the center of commerce and industry. It is bounded in the west by the South China Sea. rising 9.600 feet. Mount Apo in Mindanao is the tallest in the country.000 sq. known for its fine beaches and idyllic coves.107 islands and islets lying off the southwest coast of the Asian mainland between Taiwan and Borneo. in the east by the Pacific Ocean. And one of these ² Mayon Volcano in the Bicol region ² is considered to have the most perfect cone. and Mindanao. Volcanoes dot the country. and in the north by the Bashi Channel. Visayas.It has a total land area of 300. culture.km and a coastline of 34. It is the largest and most important city in the Philippines.000 km. It is also one of the loveliest and most exciting cities in Asia. The city of Manila has been combined with other major cities and municipalities to form what is now popularly known as Metro Manila. the longest in the world. km.The land consists of coastal plains with many central peaks and mountain ranges.The Philippines has three major islands ² Luzon.
. And the summer monsoon which is from May to October. The climate is usually humid year round. and the coldest month of the year is December.Climate The climate in the Philippines is a tropical monsoon that is from November to February.
. The currency denominations are Peso for paper money. piso from coin money. the exchange rate is 44. and centabo for change.95 php per 1 usd.Currency The currency that is used in the Philippines is the Philippine Peso.
the Philippine government has dealt with this issue and although there are still some recorded incidents of drug abuse. However. A lot of Filipinos are addicted to prohibited drugs. Other health issues in the Philippines are dengue cases. thru the Department of Social Welfare and Developments along with the Department of Health has provided projects to help poor Filipinos from starvation. The Philippine government properly attends to most of these cases. There have been studies conducted and accordingly. but then. the number of drug dependents in the Philippines has gradually decreased. The Philippine government.Health Concerns Like any other third-world country. most of the Filipinos that suffer from malnutrition are the poor ones. these health concerns are only happening in the rural area of the country. .One major health issue in the Philippines is malnutrition. the Philippines have been struggling in some health issues and one of it is illegal drug use.
family and property relations to be subject to legislative power of autonomous regions of Muslim Mindanao and the Cordilleras. Article X provides for personal.Unique Laws Current constitution adopted October 15th 1986. sec. 6 states "the separation of Church and State shall be inviolable. 5 guarantees the free exercise of religion and states that there shall be no religious test for exercising civil and political rights. . sec. Article II. Article III.
Section 4 Itinerary .
there you will unpack your bags. Day 2: By Jeepney we will .Day 1: We will arrive at Fort Ilocandia Resort Laoag by jeepney at 10:00 p. Then when we are finished eating we will go to sleep. And we will have a late dinner at the dining room.m.
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