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1.

Abstract

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The following experiment outlines the proper procedure for determining the shear modulus for a
material. The experiment conducted is to determine the torsion properties subjected to pure
torque loading, identify Types of fracture surface under pure torque and to validate the data
between experimental and theoretical values. During this experiment, mild steel was used as
samples to demonstrate how materials behave during testing conditions. By measuring the
applied torque with respect to the angle of twist, the shear modulus, shear stress at the limit of
proportionality, and failure conditions can be found. We can conclude that not all deformation is
elongational or compressive. The concept of stress and strain can be extended to inclined
shearing or distortional effects. In solid mechanics, torsion is the twisting of an object due to an
applied torque.

2.Table of content
1. ` Abstract 1

2. Table of contents 2

3. List of Table 3

4. LList of figures 4

5. Objective 5

6. Introduction 4-5

7. Theory 8-11

8. Apparatus 12 - 13

9. Experimental Procedure 14 - 15

10. Result 16 - 21

11. Discussion 22 - 27

12. Conclusion 28 - 30

13. Reference 31 - 33

(i)
3.List of Tables

No. Tables and Graph Page


1 Table 1 16 - 18

2 Graph 1 - GRAPH OF LOAD TORQUE VERSUS ANGLE OF TWIST 19

3 Graph 2 - GRAPH OF SHEAR STRESS VERSUS SHEAR STRAIN 19


4.List of Figures

No. Figures Page


1 Figure 1 10
2 Figure 2 - Torsion test machine 12
3 Figure 3 - Torque meter 12,15
4 Figure 4 - Vernier caliper 12
5 Figure 5 - Mild steel 12
6 Figure 6 Apparatus Settings 13
7 Figure 7 - Torsion house 13
8 Figure 8 - Worm gear 13,14
9 Figure 9 - Specimen 14
10 Figure 10 - Shifting Specimen holder 14
5. Objective

Upon completion of this experiment,we should be able to;

1. Determine the torsion properties subjected to pure torque loading

2. Identify Types of fracture surface under pure torque

3. Validate the data between experimental and theoretical values


6. Introduction

This experiment was devoted to analysis and design of shaft or more specifically to analyze the
stress and strain in members of circular cross section subjected to twisting couple, or torques. A
torsion test will be done to determine the stress and deformation of a specimen that is mild steel
until it reaches its failure. From this result we can obtained:

Modulus of rigidity, G
Maximum shear stress max
Relationship between torque and angle of twist
Strain energy per unit volume up to limit of proportionality
Types of fracture surface.

Using this formula: T/J = /R = G /L

where

T = Torque in Nm

J = Polar moment of area in m4

= Shearing stress in Nm-2

R = Radius of specimen in m

= Angle of twist in radians

L = Specimen gauge length in m