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Project Job Ref.

Rev. Lawrence and Mrs Theresa Ettu


HAMZ CONZULT
15 kagha street Section Sheet no./rev.
Staircase design 1
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date
AMADI 3/5/2016 Engr. Ettu

RC STAIR DESIGN (BS8110-1:1997)


TEDDS calculation version 1.0.03

1050 9 x 300 450


1500

4200

Stair geometry
Number of steps; N steps = 10
W aist depth for stair flight; h span = 150 mm
Going of each step; Going = 300 mm
Rise of each step; Rise = 150 mm
Angle of stairs; Rake = atan(Rise / Going) = 26.57 deg
Upper landing geometry
Support condition; Continuous end support
Landing length; L upper = 450 mm
Depth of landing; h upper = 200 mm
Lower landing geometry
Support condition; Continuous first interior support
Landing length; L lower = 1050 mm
Depth of landing; h lower = 200 mm
Material details
Characteristic strength of concrete; fcu = 25 N/mm 2
Characteristic strength of reinforcement; fy = 500 N/mm 2
Nominal cover to reinforcement; c nom = 25 mm
Density of concrete; conc = 24.0 kN/m 3
Partial safety factors
Partial safety factor for imposed loading; fq = 1.60
Partial safety factor for dead loading; fg = 1.40

Loading details
Characteristic imposed loading; q k = 3.000 kN/m 2
Characteristic loading from finishes; g k_fin = 1.200 kN/m 2
Average stair self weight; g k_swt = (h span / Cos(Rake) + Rise / 2) conc = 5.825 kN/m 2
Design load; F = (g k_swt + g k_fin ) fg + q k fq = 14.635 kN/m 2
Project Job Ref.
Rev. Lawrence and Mrs Theresa Ettu
HAMZ CONZULT
15 kagha street Section Sheet no./rev.
Staircase design 2
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date
AMADI 3/5/2016 Engr. Ettu

Mid span design


Midspan moment per metre width; M span = 0.075 F L 2 = 19.362 kNm/m
Diameter of tension reinforcement; span = 12 mm
Depth of reinforcement; d span = h span - c nom - span / 2 = 119 mm

Design formula for rectangular beams (cl 3.4.4.4)


Moment redistribution ratio; b = 1.25
K span = M span / (d span 2 fcu ) = 0.055
Kspan = 0.402 ( b - 0.4) - 0.18 ( b - 0.4)2 = 0.212
K span < K'span compression reinforcement is not required
Lever arm; z span = d span min([0.5 + (0.25 - K span / 0.9)], 0.95) = 111 mm
Area of tension reinforcement required; A s_span_req = M span / (0.87 fy z span ) = 400 mm 2 /m
Minimum area of tension reinforcement; A s_span_min = 0.13 h span / 100 = 195 mm 2 /m
Tension reinforcement provided; 12 dia.bars @ 150 centres
Area of tension reinforcement provided; A s_span_prov = 754 mm 2 /m
PASS - Tension reinforcement provided exceeds tension reinforcement required
Basic span/effective depth ratio (cl 3.4.6.3)
From BS8110 : Part 1 : 1997 Table 3.9
Basic span/effective depth ratio; ratio basic = 26.0
Modification of span/effective depth ratio for staircases without stringer beams (cl 3.10.2.2)
Modification factor for stairs without stringers; factorflight = 1.15
Modification of span/effective depth ratio for tension reinforcement (cl 3.4.6.5)
From BS8110 : Part 1 : 1997 Table 3.10
Design service stress; fs = 2 fy A s_span_req / (3 A s_span_prov b ) = 141.483 N/mm 2
Modification factor for tension reinforcement; factortens = 0.55 + (477 N/mm 2 - fs)/(120 (0.9 N/mm 2 + (M span / d span 2 )))
factortens = 1.783
Check span/effective depth ratio (cl 3.4.6.1)
Allowable span/effective depth ratio; ratio adm = ratio basic factorflight factortens = 53.317
Actual span/effective depth ratio; ratio act = L / d span = 35.294
PASS - Span/effective depth ratio is adequate

Upper landing support design


Upper support moment per metre width; M upper = 0.040 F L 2 = 10.326 kNm/m
Diameter of tension reinforcement; upper = 12 mm
Depth of reinforcement; d upper = h upper - c nom - upper / 2 = 169 mm

Design formula for rectangular beams (cl 3.4.4.4)


Moment redistribution ratio; b = 0.80
K upper = M upper / (d upper 2 fcu ) = 0.014
Kupper = 0.402 ( b - 0.4) - 0.18 ( b - 0.4)2 = 0.132
K upper < K'upper compression reinforcement is not required
Lever arm; z upper = d upper min([0.5 + (0.25 - K upper / 0.9)], 0.95) = 161 mm
Area of tension reinforcement required; A s_upper_req = M upper / (0.87 fy z upper) = 148 mm 2 /m
Minimum area of tension reinforcement; A s_upper_min = 0.13 h upper / 100 = 260 mm 2 /m
Tension reinforcement provided; 12 dia.bars @ 200 centres
Area of tension reinforcement provided; A s_upper_prov = 565 mm 2 /m
Project Job Ref.
Rev. Lawrence and Mrs Theresa Ettu
HAMZ CONZULT
15 kagha street Section Sheet no./rev.
Staircase design 3
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date
AMADI 3/5/2016 Engr. Ettu

PASS - Tension reinforcement provided exceeds tension reinforcement required


Shear stress in beam (cl 3.4.5.2)
Design shear force; V upper = 0.460 F L = 28.275 kN/m
Design shear stress; v upper = V upper / d upper = 0.167 N/mm 2
Allowable design shear stress; v max = min(0.8N/mm 2 (fcu / 1 N/mm 2 ), 5 N/mm 2 ) = 4.000 N/mm 2
PASS - Design shear stress does not exceed allowable shear stress
From BS 8110:Part 1:1997 - Table 3.8
Design concrete shear stress; v c_upper = 0.544 N/mm 2
PASS - Design shear stress does not exceed design concrete shear stress

Lower landing support design


Lower support moment per metre width; M lower = 0.086 F L 2 = 22.202 kNm/m
Diameter of tension reinforcement; lower = 12 mm
Depth of reinforcement; d lower = h lower - c nom - getvar(lower , 12 mm) / 2 = 169 mm

Design formula for rectangular beams (cl 3.4.4.4)


Moment redistribution ratio; b = 0.80
K lower = M lower / (d lower 2 fcu ) = 0.031
Klower = 0.402 ( b - 0.4) - 0.18 ( b - 0.4)2 = 0.132
K lower < K'lower compression reinforcement is not required
Lever arm; z lower = d lower min([0.5 + (0.25 - K lower / 0.9)], 0.95) = 161 mm
Area of tension reinforcement required; A s_lower_req = M lower / (0.87 fy z lower ) = 318 mm 2 /m
Minimum area of tension reinforcement; A s_lower_min = 0.13 h lower / 100 = 260 mm 2 /m
Tension reinforcement provided; 12 dia.bars @ 150 centres
Area of tension reinforcement provided; A s_lower_prov = 754 mm 2 /m
PASS - Tension reinforcement provided exceeds tension reinforcement required
Shear stress in beam (cl 3.4.5.2)
Design shear force; V lower = 0.600 F L = 36.880 kN/m
Design shear stress; v lower = V lower / d lower = 0.218 N/mm 2
Allowable design shear stress; v max = min(0.8N/mm 2 (fcu / 1 N/mm 2 ), 5 N/mm 2 ) = 4.000 N/mm 2
PASS - Design shear stress does not exceed allowable shear stress
From BS 8110:Part 1:1997 - Table 3.8
Design concrete shear stress; v c_lower = 0.599 N/mm 2
PASS - Design shear stress does not exceed design concrete shear stress