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- Offshore Platform Concepts
- Metacentric Height of a Floating Body
- Stability Floating Body
- Buoyancy Calculation
- Inmersion of Homogeneous Straight Cone Into a Liquid
- Definitions(Measurement - Oscillations)
- Naval Arch
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- TB_chapter14 (fluid mechanics).rtf
- Chapter 2
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- HYDRAUL-EXPT#3
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- Stability of a Floating Body (1)
- Experiment No89
- CHAP_3_SEC2.PDF
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You are on page 1of 12

(SCE)

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

UTHM

I, hereby confess that I have prepared this report on my own effort. I also admit not to receive

or give any help during the preparation of this report and pledge that everything mentioned in

the report is true.

______________________

Student Signature

Name :

Matric No. :

Date :

CENTRE FOR DIPLOMA STUDIES

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

REPORT

SUBJECT CODE

COURSE CODE

TESTING DATE

STUDENT NAME

GROUP

1.

2.

4.

5.

LECTURER/

INSTRUCTOR/ TUTOR

NAME

MARKS

* Please refer laboratory

rubric attached

1.0 OBJECTIVE

To calculate the position of the metacentre. and predict the result of the stability.

To describe the movement of the floating body according to the weight and forces acts to

the pontoon.

When designing a vessel such as a ship, which is to float on water, it is clearly necessary to be able to

establish beforehand that it will float upright in stable equilibrium. Figure 2(a) shows such a floating

body, which is in equilibrium under the action of two equal and opposite forces, namely, its weight

acting vertically downwards through its centre of gravity and the buoyancy force of equal magnitude

acting vertically upwards at the centre of buoyancy. When in equilibrium, the points G and B lie in

the same vertical line.

The centre of gravity G may be shifted sideways by moving a jockey of weight (W j) across the width of

the body. When the jockey is moved a distance (xj) as shown in Figure 2(b), the centre of gravity of the

whole assembly moves to G. The distance GG, denoted by (x g) is given from the elementary static as

Wj xj

xg

W

The shift of the centre of gravity causes the body to tilt to a new equilibrium position, at a small angle

to the vertical, as shown in Fig 2(c), with an associate movement of the centre of buoyancy from B

B. The point B must lie vertically below G, since the body is in equilibrium in the tilted position. Let the

vertical line of the upthrust through B intersect the original line of upthrust BG at the point M, called the

metacentre. Accordingly, the equilibrium is stable if the metacentre lies above G. Provided that is

xg

small, the distance GM is given by: GM .

The dimension GM is called the metacentric height. In the experiment described below, it is measured

directly from the slope of a graph of xj against , obtained by moving a jockey across a pontoon. Which

GM = Wj . Xj

W Q

Determination of BM

The movement of the centre of buoyancy to B produces a moment of the buoyancy force about the

original centre of buoyancy B. To establish the magnitude of this moment, first consider the element of

moment exerted by a small element of change in displaced volume. An element of width x, lying at

distance x from B, has an additional depth .x due to the tilt of the body. So the volume V of the

element is:

V .x.Lx Lxx .

wV wLxx , where W is the specific weight

of water. The element of moment about B produced by the element of force is M F .x wLx x

2

The total moment about B is obtained by integration over the whole of the plan area of the body, in the

plane of the water surface: M w Lx dx wI .

2

In this, I represents the second moment, about the axis of symmetry, of the water plane area of the

body. Now this moment represents the movement of the upthrust wV from B to B, namely wV.BB.

Equating this to the expression for M, wV .BB ' wI .

From the geometry of the figure, BB, = .BM and eliminating BB between these last 2 equations gives

I

BM as BM

V

For the particular case of a body with a rectangular planform of width D and length L, the second

3

moment, I LD . Now the distance BG may be found from the computed or measured positions of B

12

and of G, so the metacentric height GM can be calculated by the equation GM BM BG .

4.0 EQUIPMENT

1. Plastic Sail

2. Pontoon

3. Jockey Weight

Figure 2 : Pontoon

5.0 PROCEDURE

as indicated in figure

centre of gravity,G of the whole suspended assembly then lies at the point where the plumbline

8. This procedure is then repeated with the jockey traversed at a number of different heights.

6.0 RESULT & ANALYSIS

W

Pontoon displacement, V = m3

w

LD 3

Second Moment of area, I = 2.466 x m4

12

2. Fill the table.

Table 1

Table 2

Height, yj

-45 -30 -15 0 15 30 45

Table 3:

15 30 45

Figure 3: Determine the Centre of Gravity.

7.0 QUESTIONS

2) How would the stability of the pontoon be affected if it were floated on a liquid with a greater

density than that water?

3) In civil engineering practice, the stability of a floating body applied in many hydraulics works.

As a potential civil engineer, describe how this experiment can be applied in this field.

4) Question by lecturer

5) Question by lecturer

8.0 Answers

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