4 views

Uploaded by Sea Man Mkt

Open Water

- HS-5001EZ Users Guide
- Hydrodynamic Screws
- Hydrodynamic Design of a Stern Flap Appendage for the HALIFAX Class Frigates
- Ship Handling Theory
- Ch_12_2_COLM_Ballot_05_2015
- ABBOTT IMX OM
- Department of Mechanical Engineering
- dvdraft1
- Force Transfer Calibrator for Tan1
- Chol
- Modelling Twin Screw Multiphase Pumps a Realistic Approach to Determine the Entire Performance Behaviour
- Audit Training Manual
- Ck (from lot 304 on).pdf
- Iga
- Propeller Fundamental
- Lecture_151116_On Model Test.pdf
- Glu
- 129898
- Uncertain 3
- towing_tank_experimental_equipments.pdf

You are on page 1of 15

5-02

-03-02.2

Procedures and Guidelines Page 1 of 15

Example for Open Water Test 2014 01

Table of Contents

1. PURPOSE OF THE PROCEDURE .... 2

5

2. EXAMPLE FOR OPEN WATER 2.3.1.3 Propeller Rate of Revolution ........ 7

TEST ....................................................... 2 2.3.1.4 Torque and Thrust ........................ 9

2.1 Test Design ......................................... 2 2.3.1.5 Temperature/Density .................. 10

2.2 Measurement System and Procedure 2.3.1.6 Total Bias Limits ........................ 11

3 2.3.2 Precision Limit ........................... 12

2.3.1 Bias Limit ..................................... 5

3. REFERENCES .................................... 15

2.3.1.1 Propeller Geometry ...................... 5

Prepared by Approved

ITTC Recommended 7.5-02

-03-02.2

Procedures and Guidelines Page 2 of 15

Example for Open Water Test 2014 02

1. PURPOSE OF THE PROCEDURE sidered in this example. Although it might lead

to significant sources of error and uncertainty, it

The purpose of the procedure is to provide

is not essential for the present purpose of

an example for the uncertainty analysis of a

demonstrating the methodology.

model scale towing tank propeller open water

test following the ITTC Procedures 7.5-02-01- When performing an uncertainty analysis for

01, Rev.00, Uncertainty Analysis in EFD, Un- a real case, the details need to be adapted ac-

certainty Assessment Methodology and 7.5-02- cording to the equipment used and procedures

01-02, Rev.00, Uncertainty Analysis in EFD, followed in each respective facility.

Guidelines for Towing Tank Tests.

2.1 Test Design

2. EXAMPLE FOR OPEN WATER

By measuring thrust (T), torque (Q), propel-

TEST

ler rate of revolution (n), speed (V) and water

This procedure provides an example show- temperature (t), the thrust coefficient (KT),

ing an uncertainty assessment for a model scale torque coefficient (KQ) and advance coefficients

towing tank open water test. A similar example (J) can be calculated, according to:

for cavitation tunnel open water tests can also be

established. The bias and precision limits and to- T

KT (2-1)

tal uncertainties for single and multiple runs n2D4

have been estimated for the thrust coefficient

(KT) and torque coefficient (KQ) for one advance

Q

coefficient (J). As the speed and rate of revolu- KQ (2-2)

tions are input parameters to the test, only the n2 D5

bias limit has been established for these quanti-

ties providing the bias limit for the correspond-

VA

ing J value. J

nD (2-3)

In order to achieve reliable precision limits,

it is recommended that 5 sets of tests with 3 where is the nominal mass density of the water

speed measurements in each set are performed in the tank set to =1000 kg/m3 according to the

giving in total 15 test points. In this example the ITTC-78 extrapolation method, D is the nominal

recommended sequence was followed. diameter of the propeller, and VA is the advance

speed of the propeller. T and Q are the measured

ITTC Recommended 7.5-02

-03-02.2

Procedures and Guidelines Page 3 of 15

Example for Open Water Test 2014 02

thrust and torque of the propeller corrected for ual measurement systems, measurement of indi-

measured trust and torque of hub and shaft. vidual variables, data reduction and experi-

mental results.

2.2 Measurement System and Procedure

propeller open water tests including the individ-

Individual

PROPELLER TEMPERATURE, measurement

SPEED REVOLUTIONS THRUST TORQUE

GEOMETRY DENSITY

systems

Measurement

T0, ,

D, BD VA, BVA n, Bn T, BT Q, BQ of individual

BT0, B

variables

Data

J = VA/(nD), KT = T/(n2D4), KQ = Q/(n2D5) reduction

equations

PKT(M), PKQ(M), PKT(S), PKQ(S), results

UKT(M), UKQ(M), UKT(S), UKQ(S)

Figure 2.1 Block diagram for the propeller open water tests.

In section 2.3.1 the bias limits contributing bias. The bias limits are then, using the data re-

to the total uncertainty will be estimated for the duction Eq. (2-1), (2-2) and (2-3) reduced into

individual measurement systems: propeller ge- BKT, BKQ, BJ respectively.

ometry, speed, thrust, torque, propeller rate of

revolution and temperature/density. The ele- The precision limits for the thrust coefficient

mentary bias limits are for each measurement (PKT) and torque coefficient (PKQ) in model

system estimated for the categories: calibration,

ITTC Recommended 7.5-02

-03-02.2

Procedures and Guidelines Page 4 of 15

Example for Open Water Test 2014 02

multiple tests (M) and a single run (S).

B

2

KQ

In Table 2.1 and 2.2 below principal partic- KQ K

2

K

2

K

2

2

D n Q

in the example are tabulated. (2-7)

2

J J J

2 2

Table 2.1 Propeller particulars.

BJ

2

BVA Bn BD

AV n D

Definitions Symbol Value (unit)

No of Prop Z 1 (-) (2-8)

Propeller diameter D 0.2275 (m)

Propeller Pitch ratio P/D 0.94 (-) The precision limits will be determined for

Propeller Blade Area Ratio BAR 0.60 (-) KT and KQ by an end-to-end method where all

the precision errors for speed, thrust, torque,

Table 2.2 Constants. revolution of propeller and temperature/density

are included. The precision limits for a single

Definitions Symbol Value (unit) run (S) and for the mean value of multiple tests

Gravity g 9.81 (m/s2)

(M) are determined. Regardless as to whether

Density, model basin 1000 (kg/m3)

Water temperature t 15.0 (degrees) the precision limit is to be determined for single

(POW test average) or multiple runs the standard deviation must be

determined from multiple tests in order to in-

2.3 Uncertainty Analysis clude random errors. If it is not possible to per-

form repeated tests the experimenter must esti-

The total uncertainty for the thrust and mate a value for the precision error using the

torque coefficients are given by the root sum best information available at that time.

square of the uncertainties of the total bias and

precision limits. The precision limit for multiple tests is cal-

culated according to

U B P

2 2 2

KT KT KT

(2-4) K SDev

P( M ) (2-9)

M

U B P

2 2 2

KQ KQ KQ

(2-5) where M=number of runs for which the preci-

sion limit is to be established, SDev is the stand-

The bias limit for Eq. (2-1) (2-2) and (2-3) is ard deviation established by multiple runs and

B

2

K=2 according to the methodology.

KT

2

KT KT KT KT

2 2 2

(2-6) The precision limit for a single run can be

D BD n Bn T BT B

calculated according to

ITTC Recommended 7.5-02

-03-02.2

Procedures and Guidelines Page 5 of 15

Example for Open Water Test 2014 02

P S K SDev (2-10)

geometry are difficult to estimate and are there-

fore not considered in this example. Only the

2.3.1 Bias Limit bias error on propeller diameter will be consid-

ered.

Under each group of bias errors (propeller

geometry, speed of advance, propeller rate of Data acquisition:

revolution, thrust, torque, temperature/density)

In this example the error in model propeller

the elementary error sources have been divided

diameter due to manufacturing error is estimated

into the following categories: calibration; data

from the limits given in ITTC Procedure 7.5-01-

acquisition, data reduction; and conceptual bias.

01-01 Rev 01, Ship Models. By assuming the

The categories not applicable for each respec-

tive section have been left out. error in model diameter to be within 0.1mm the

bias error is estimated to be BD=0.1 mm corre-

sponding to 0.044% of the nominal diameter of

2.3.1.1 Propeller Geometry

227.5 mm. The bias error in propeller diameter

The model is manufactured to be geometri- does in this example therefore only affect the

cally similar to the actual propeller geometry. data reduction equations for thrust and torque

Although efforts are made to produce an accu- coefficients.

rate propeller model, including the use of NC

milling machines, errors in dimensions and off- 2.3.1.2 Speed of Advance of the Propeller

sets can occur leading, for example, to errors in

The carriage speed measurement system

diameter, chord length, pitch and blade section

consists of individual measurement systems for

shape. The influence of these errors in dimen-

pulse count (c), wheel diameter (D) and 12 bit

sions and shape can strongly affect the flow

characteristics around the propeller blades and DA and AD card time base (t). The speed is

determined by tracking the rotations of one of

hence the measured thrust and torque. These er-

the wheels with an optical encoder. The encoder

rors can only be estimated through systematic

is perforated around its circumference with 8000

variations in propeller geometry and offsets. For

equally spaced and sized windows. As the wheel

example, the sensitivity of pitch setting can be

rotates, the windows are counted with a pulse

estimated by performing multiple open water

counter. The speed circuit has a 100 ms time

tests, where the pitch has been re-set between

base, which enables an update of the pulse every

each set of tests. Errors arising from blade shape

10th of a second. A 12-bit DA conversion in the

inaccuracies can only be estimated by perform-

pulse count limits the maximum number of

ing multiple tests with different propeller mod-

pulses in 100 ms to 4096. The output of the

els manufactured from the same surface descrip-

speed circuit is 0-10 V so that 4096 counted in

tion.

ITTC Recommended 7.5-02

-03-02.2

Procedures and Guidelines Page 6 of 15

Example for Open Water Test 2014 02

100 ms corresponds to 10 V output. The output The final bias occurs when converting the

from the encoder is calculated with the equation analogue voltage to a frequency that represents

the pulse count over 10 time bases or one second.

c D

V (2-11) This is enabled if correlating the given fre-

8000t quency to a corresponding voltage output. The

bias limit results from approximating a calibra-

where c is the number of counted pulses in

tion (set of data) with a linear regression curve

t=100 ms and D is the diameter of the carriage

fit. The statistic is called standard error estimate

wheel (0.381 m).

(SEE) and is written from Coleman and Steele

The bias limit from blockage effects has not (1999) as

been considered.

N

Y - (aX b)

2

Pulse count (c) i i

SEE i 1

N 2 (2-12)

Calibration:

The optical encoder is factory calibrated It is proposed by Coleman and Steele (1999)

with a rated accuracy of 1 pulse on every up- that a 2(SEE) band about the regression curve

date. This value is a bias limit and represents the will contain approximately 95% of the data

minimum resolution of the 12-bit AD data ac- points and this band is a confidence interval on

quisition card. Therefore, the bias limit associ- the curve fit. The curve fit bias limit is calcu-

ated with the calibration error will be Bc1=1 lated to be 2.5 Hz corresponding to Bc4= 0.25

pulse (10V/212=0.00244 V). pulse (0.000614 V).

Data acquisition: The total bias limit for pulse count will then

be

In the given data acquisition cycle, the speed

data is converted to the PC by two 12-bit con-

Bc Bc21 Bc22 Bc23 Bc24 2

1

1 1.52 1.52 0.252 2

1

0.00244V / bit. The AD boards are accurate to 2

2.358 pulse (0.00576 V) (2-13)

ibrating the boards against a precision voltage

source. Therefore, the bias associated with the

two conversions is Bc2= Bc3=1.5 pulses (0.00366 Wheel diameter (D)

V).

One of the driving wheels of the carriage is

Data reduction: used for the speed measurement. The wheel is

measured with constant time intervals to ensure

the right calibration constant is used.

ITTC Recommended 7.5-02

-03-02.2

Procedures and Guidelines Page 7 of 15

Example for Open Water Test 2014 02

Calibration:

V c D 1

= 19.1967

The wheel diameter is measured with a high t 8000 t 2 (2-17)

quality Vernier calliper at three locations at the

periphery of the wheel which are averaged for a The total bias limit can then be calculated as

final value of D. The wheel diameter is consid-

ered accurate to within BD=0.000115 m. 1

BV =

Time base (t) 19.1967 1.025E 5 2

The time base of the speed circuitry is related = 0.00358 (2-18)

to the clock speed of its oscillator module.

The total bias limit for the speed is

Calibration: BV=0.00358 m/s corresponding to 0.19% of the

nominal speed of 1.9197m/s.

The oscillator module is factory calibrated

and its rated accuracy is 1.025 10-5 seconds on The bias limit for the speed could alterna-

every update giving Bt= 1.025 10-5 seconds. tively be determined end-to-end, by calibrating

against a known distance and a measured transit

The data reduction equation is derived from

time.

Eq. (2-11) and can be written

V 2 V V

2

2 2

BV = Bc BD Bt

c D t The propeller rate of revolution measure-

ment system consists of individual measurement

(2-14)

systems for pulse count (c) and 12 bit AD con-

Using the nominal values of c=1283, version at a time base (t). The rate of rotation

D=0.381 m and t=0.1 s for the mean speed of is sensed by tracking the rotation of propeller

V=1.9197 m/s the partial derivatives can be cal- shaft with an optical encoder. The encoder has a

culated as pulse capacity of 600 due to equally spaced and

sized windows at one revolution. As the wheel

V D rotates, the windows are counted with the en-

= 0.00150 coder. The speed circuit has a 100 ms time base

c 8000 t (2-15)

which enables updates of the signal every 10th of

a second. A 12-bit DA conversion in the pulse

V c count limits the maximum number of pulses in

= 5.0385

D 8000 t (2-16) 100 ms to 4096. The output of the speed circuit

ITTC Recommended 7.5-02

-03-02.2

Procedures and Guidelines Page 8 of 15

Example for Open Water Test 2014 02

BC BC21 BC2 2 BC2 3 2

1

1 1.52 1.52 2 2.345pulse

1

coder is calculated with the equation 2

(2-20)

c Time base (t)

n (2-19)

NoPulse * t

The time base of the speed circuitry is related

to the clock speed of its oscillator module.

where c is the number of counted pulses in

t=100 ms and NoPulse is the number of pulses Calibration:

at one revolution (600).

The oscillator module is factory calibrated

Pulse count (c) and its rated accuracy is 1.025 10-5 seconds on

every update giving Bt= 1.025 10-5 seconds.

Calibration:

The data reduction equation is derived from

The optical encoder is factory calibrated Eq. (2-19) and can be written

with a rated accuracy of 1 pulse on every up-

date. This value is a bias limit and represents the 1

n 2 n

2 2

Bn = Bc

c t t

minimum resolution of the 12-bit AD data ac- B

quisition card. Therefore, the bias limit associ- (2-21)

ated with the calibration error will be BC1=1

pulse (10V/212=0.00244 V). Using the nominal values of c=840, and

t=0.1 s for the mean speed of n=14.00 rps the

Data acquisition: partial derivatives can be calculated as

n 1

of revolution pulse data is converted to DC sig- = 0.01667

c 600t (2-22)

nal and acquired by the PC through one 12-bit

conversion. The resolution is resol=10 V/ 212 =

n c 1

0.00244V / bit. The conversion is accurate to 1.5 = 140

t 600 t 2 (2-23)

pulses and AD boards are accurate to 1.5 bits or

pulses, which was determined by calibrating the

boards against a precision voltage source. The total bias limit can then be calculated

Therefore, the bias associated with the conver- from Eq. (2-21) as

sions is BC2=BC3= 1.5 pulses (0.00366 V).

1

2 2 2

be = 0.0391 (2-24)

ITTC Recommended 7.5-02

-03-02.2

Procedures and Guidelines Page 9 of 15

Example for Open Water Test 2014 02

Qw F ma (2-26)

peller rate of revolution is Bn=0.0391 rps corre-

sponding to % 0.279 of the nominal rate of rev-

olution of 14.00 rps. the bias error can be written as

Q Q

2 2

B

2

w BF w Bma (2-27)

2.3.1.4 Torque and Thrust F ma

Qw

The axial force (thrust) and the moment

or

around propeller axis (torque) are to be meas-

ured when the model propeller rotates and is

B ma B F B

2 2 2

towed through the water. Qw F ma

(2-28)

29.398 N, BF = 0.0000529.398=0.001470 N,

The thrust transducer is calibrated with

ma=0.125 m and Bma=0.0002 m the data reduc-

weights. The weights are the standard for the

tion can be written as:

load cell calibration and are a source of error,

which depends on the quality of the standard.

0.125 0.001470 29.398 0.0002

2 2

The weights have a certificate that certifies their BQw =

calibration to a certain class. The tolerance for = 0.0059 (2-29)

the individual weights used is certified to be

0.005%. The bias limit arising from the inaccuracy in

calibration torque would therefore be

The bias error arising from the tolerance of BQw =0.0059 Nm.

the calibration weights, BTw, is calculated as the

accuracy of the weights, times the measured Data acquisition:

thrust according to Eq. (2-25).

The resolution of the 12 bit AD converter is

BTw = 0.00005 100.4218 0.0050 N 1 pulse. Using the slope of the respective cali-

(2-25)

bration curves the bias limits can be calculated

to:

The torque dynamometer is calibrated with

weights applied at a nominal distance from the

1 10

shaft line. The weights have the same tolerance BTAD 78.247(slope) 0.191N

4096 (2-30)

as for the thrust calibration i.e. 0.005%. The

moment arm is 0.125 m with accuracy of 0.2

mm. 1 10

BQAD 2.936(slope) 0.0072 Nm

4096

As moment is calculated by the equation (2-31)

ITTC Recommended 7.5-02

-03-02.2

Procedures and Guidelines Page 10 of 15

Example for Open Water Test 2014 02

The data from the calibration in Tables 2.3 BT (( BTw ) 2 ( BTAD ) 2 ( BTcf ) 2 )

and 2.4 show the mass/volt and moment/volt re-

lations. From these values the 2*SEE can be cal- (0.0050)2 (0.1910) 2 (0.3149) 2 0.3683 N

culated with Eq. (2-12) to BTcf=0.3149 N for

thrust and BQcf=0.0098 Nm for torque. (2-32)

BQ (( BQw )2 ( BQAD ) 2 ( BQcf ) 2 )

Table 2.3 Thrust transducer calibration.

(0.0059)2 (0.0072)2 (0.0098) 2 0.0135 Nm

Thrust Mass Output

(kg) (kg) (Volt) (2-33)

0 0 0.000

10 10 1.255 2.3.1.5 Temperature/Density

20 20 2.509

30 30 3.763 Temperature

40 40 5.017

50 50 6.272 Calibration:

0 0 0.006

-10 -10 -1.248 The thermometer is calibrated by the manu-

-20 -20 -2.503 facturer with a guaranteed accuracy of 0.30 C

-30 -30 -3.758

within the interval -5 to +50 C. The bias error

-40 -40 -5.013

limit associated with temperature measurement

-50 -50 -6.268

is Bt =0.C corresponding to 2 % of the nominal

T(N)= -0.2087+Volt78.247 temperature of 15 C.

Torque Mass Output

Calibration:

(kgm) (kg) (Volt)

0.0 0 0.000

The density-temperature relationship (table)

0.5 4 1.668

according to the ITTC Procedure 7.5-02-01-03

1.0 8 3.340

1.5 12 5.012 Rev 00 Density and Viscosity of Water for

2.0 16 6.685 g=9.81m/s can be expressed as:

0.0 0 0.000

-0.5 -4 -1.669 =1000.1 + 0.0552t - 0.0077t2 +

-1.0 -8 -3.339 0.00004t3 (2-34)

-1.5 -12 -5.010

-2.0 -16 -6.682

0.0552 0.0154t 0.000120t 2 (2-35)

Q(Nm)= -0.0015+Volt2.936 t

ITTC Recommended 7.5-02

-03-02.2

Procedures and Guidelines Page 11 of 15

Example for Open Water Test 2014 02

Using Eq. (2-35) with t=15 C and Bt = the temperature, the bias limit B3 will be elimi-

0.3 C the bias B1 can be calculated according nated.

to:

2.3.1.6 Total Bias Limits

B 1 Bt 0.1488 0.3 0.04464 kg/m3 In order to calculate the total bias and preci-

t

sion limits, partial derivatives have to be calcu-

(2-36) lated using input values of T = 100.422 N, Q =

3.6747 Nm, n = 14.00 rps, V = 1.9197 m/s,

Data reduction: D=0.2275 m and =1000 kg/m.

The error introduced when converting the For this condition, partial derivatives for KT

temperature to a density (table lookup) can be are,

calculated as two times the SEE of the curve fit

to the density/temperature values for the whole KT T 4

3.3607 (2-38)

temperature range. Comparing the tabulated val- D n 2 D5

ues with the calculated values (Eq. 2-34) the bias

error B2 can be calculated as B2=0.070 kg/m3. KT T 2

0.02731 (2-39)

n D 4 n 3

Conceptual:

KT 1

The nominal density according to the ITTC- 0.001904 (2-40)

T n2 D4

78 method is = 1000kg/m. Using this method

introduces a bias limit as the difference between KT T 1

(15 C) = 999.34 kg/m and = 1000 kg/m 2 4 2 0.000191 (2-41)

nD

such that B3 = 1000.0-999.345 = 0.655 kg/m3

corresponding to 0.0655% of the density.

Partial derivatives for KQ are,

The bias for can then be calculated accord- KQ Q 5

0.6756 (2-42)

n 2 D 6

ing to:

D

B B B KQ

2 2 2

B Q 2

1 2 3 0.004392 (2-43)

n D5 n 3

(0.01488 0.3) 2 0.0702 0.6552

(2-37)

0.660 kg/m3 KQ 1

0.008366 (2-44)

Q n 2 D5

The bias limit for density is thus B=0.660

kg/m3 corresponding to 0.066 % of = 1000 KQ Q 1

0.000031 (2-45)

kg/m. If using the density value determined by n D5 2

2

ITTC Recommended 7.5-02

-03-02.2

Procedures and Guidelines Page 12 of 15

Example for Open Water Test 2014 02

J 1

0.3139 (2-46) In order to establish the precision limits, the

V nD

standard deviation for a number of tests, with

J V 1

0.0430 (2-47) the model removed and reinstalled between each

n D n 2 set of measurements, must be determined. In

this example, 5 sets of testing (A-E) with 3

J V 1

2.6486 (2-48) speed measurements in each set have been per-

D n D 2 formed giving in total 15 test points. The meas-

The total bias limit can then be calculated ac- urements have been performed for 3 advance

cording to Eq. (2-6), (2-7) and (2-8) as coefficients.

are a suitable way to include random errors in

BKQ 0.0002175 (2-50) the set-up. The measurement has been per-

formed for two Reynolds numbers to take pos-

BJ 0.00204 (2-51) sible scale effects into account.

corresponding to 0.694 % of the thrust coeffi-

also likely that the measured quantities will be

cient KT=0.1912 , 0.707 % of the torque coeffi-

taken at slightly different speeds and rpm for the

cient KQ=0.03074, and 0.339% of the advance

different runs, and with different water temper-

coefficient J=0.6026.

atures between the different set of tests.

ITTC Recommended 7.5-02

-03-02.2

Procedures and Guidelines Page 13 of 15

Example for Open Water Test 2014 02

Table 2.5 Precision limits of thrust and torque coefficients for all data

Thrust and Torque coef- Thrust and Torque coef- Thrust and Torque coef-

ficient ficient ficient

Series

based on measured val- based on measured val- based on measured val-

/run

ues corrected to ues corrected to ues corrected to

J=0.55 J=0.60 J=0.65

KT KQ KT KQ KT KQ

A1 0.21608 0.03308 0.19220 0.03018 0.16888 0.02735

A2 0.21615 0.03309 0.19259 0.03026 0.16887 0.02736

A3* 0.21615 0.03296 0.19239 0.03009 0.16894 0.02718

B1 0.21658 0.03311 0.19265 0.03024 0.16875 0.02730

B2 0.21651 0.03315 0.19210 0.03017 0.16853 0.02729

B3* 0.21634 0.03298 0.19224 0.03007 0.16893 0.02719

C1 0.21617 0.03311 0.19233 0.03019 0.16890 0.02736

C2 0.21610 0.03307 0.19254 0.03024 0.16862 0.02730

C3* 0.21653 0.03299 0.19263 0.03010 0.16888 0.02719

D1 0.21623 0.03307 0.19239 0.03019 0.16864 0.02735

D2 0.21630 0.03308 0.19233 0.03016 0.16861 0.02729

D3* 0.21632 0.03295 0.19216 0.03006 0.16858 0.02722

E1 0.21660 0.03315 0.19278 0.03024 0.16852 0.02729

E2 0.21610 0.03308 0.19265 0.03024 0.16854 0.02730

E3* 0.21619 0.03294 0.19218 0.03006 0.16897 0.02718

MEAN 0.21629 0.03305 0.19241 0.03017 0.16874 0.02728

SDev 0.00018 0.00007 0.00021 0.00007 0.00017 0.00007

P(S) 0.00037 0.00014 0.00043 0.00015 0.00034 0.00014

(%) (0.17035) 0.43173 0.22150 0.48317 0.20324 0.49654

P(M) 0.00010 0.00004 0.00011 0.00004 0.00011 0.00003

(%) (0.04398) 0.11147 0.05719 0.12475 0.06775 0.12821

* A3,B3,C3,D3 and E3 are the data for the high Reynolds Number Re=0.9106.

The differences in speed and rpm will occur values i.e. different conditions.

due to the difficulties in setting the exactly cor-

rect speed and rpm. In order to compare the data, A correction for difference in temperature

the thrust and torque coefficients can be calcu- between the different sets of tests is not carried

lated for each measured point and thereafter cor- out. Such a correction would incorrectly change

rected to the correct J value by using the slope the uncertainty, as the temperature of the open

of the KT and KQ curve. The deviations in speed water test is not considered in the extrapolation

and rpm should not be interpreted as precision to full scale when using the ITTC-78 method.

errors as they are input parameters. The KT and

ITTC Recommended 7.5-02

-03-02.2

Procedures and Guidelines Page 14 of 15

Example for Open Water Test 2014 02

U K (0.0002175)2 (0.00003764) 2

based on measured quantities for the three J val- Q

ues J=0.55, 0.60 and 0.65 for two Reynolds = 0.0002207 (2-53)

numbers (Re=0.5106 and Re=0.9106).

which is 0.70 % of KT and 0.72 % of KQ.

In the Table 2.5 the mean values, standard

deviation (SDev), precision limits for single run Correspondingly, the total uncertainty for a

Eq. (2-10), and precision limits for multiple runs single run will be calculated as:

Eq. (2-9) have been calculated. The correspond-

U KT (0.001327)2 (0.000426)2 0.001394

ing percentage values have also been given

within brackets. Note that the precision limits (2-54)

used in the following calculations are based on

U KQ (0.0002175) 2 (0.0001458) 2

the standard deviations calculated using results (2-55)

from two Reynolds numbers. 0.0002618

The precision limits of the propeller open- Expressed as relative numbers the bias for

water characteristics curves might be selected at KT represents 90.6 % of the total uncertainty for

a certain Reynolds number or certain Reynolds a single run and 99.3 % of the total uncertainty

number range. The decision depends on the pro- for the mean value of 15 tests. The bias for KQ

pulsion tests and full-scale extrapolation proce- represents 69.0% of the total uncertainty for a

dures. In this case the precision limits based on single run and 97.1 % of the total uncertainty for

both Reynolds numbers have been used. the mean value of 15 tests.

Combining the precision limits for multiple By comparing the bias and precision limits

and single tests with the bias limits the total un- and the uncertainties, the relative contribution of

certainty can be calculated according to Eq. (2- each term can be calculated. This makes it pos-

4) and Eq. (2-5) for J = 0.60. sible to determine where an upgrade in the

measurement system has the largest effect.

The total uncertainty for the mean value of Compare ITTC Procedure 7.5-02-02-02 Rev 01,

15 tests will be calculated as Uncertainty Analysis, Example for Resistance

Test.

U K (0.001327)2 (0.000110) 2 0.001332

T

(2-52)

ITTC Recommended 7.5-02

-03-02.2

Procedures and Guidelines Page 15 of 15

Example for Open Water Test 2014 02

22nd International Towing Tank Conference,

Coleman, H.W. and Steele, W.G., 1999, Exper- Seoul/Shanghai, ITTC Recommended Pro-

imentation and Uncertainty Analysis for En- cedures and Guidelines, Procedure 7.5-02-

gineers, 2nd Edition, John Wiley & Sons, 01-03

Inc., New York, NY.

ITTC, 2002a, Uncertainty Analysis, Example

ITTC, 1999a, Uncertainty Analysis in EFD, for Resistance Tests, 23rd International

Uncertainty Assessment Methodology, 22nd Towing Tank Conference, Venice, ITTC

International Towing Tank Conference, Recommended Procedures and Guidelines,

Seoul/Shanghai, ITTC Recommended Pro- Procedure 7.5-02-02-02, Rev 01.

cedures and Guidelines, 7.5-02-01-01,

Rev.00 ITTC, 2002b, Ship Models, 23rd International

Towing Tank Conference, Venice, ITTC

ITTC, 1999b, Uncertainty Analysis in EFD, Recommended Procedures and Guidelines,

Guidelines for Towing Tank Tests, 22nd In- Procedure 7.5-01-01-01, Rev 01.

ternational Towing Tank Conference,

Seoul/Shanghai, ITTC Recommended Pro-

cedures and Guidelines, 7.5-02-01-02,

Rev.00

- HS-5001EZ Users GuideUploaded byjohnbots
- Hydrodynamic ScrewsUploaded byarrester97
- Hydrodynamic Design of a Stern Flap Appendage for the HALIFAX Class FrigatesUploaded byEHSALASP
- Ship Handling TheoryUploaded byCleber Martinez
- Ch_12_2_COLM_Ballot_05_2015Uploaded byDougMoore
- ABBOTT IMX OMUploaded bytabaradaniel
- Department of Mechanical EngineeringUploaded byVamsi Krishna Desaraju
- dvdraft1Uploaded byRicardo Antonio Manzoliz Romero
- Force Transfer Calibrator for Tan1Uploaded byyogacruise
- CholUploaded byEnrique Duarte
- Modelling Twin Screw Multiphase Pumps a Realistic Approach to Determine the Entire Performance BehaviourUploaded byAnonymous Xy309m9Sm9
- Audit Training ManualUploaded byNilesh Gham
- Ck (from lot 304 on).pdfUploaded byEnrique Duarte
- IgaUploaded byEnrique Duarte
- Propeller FundamentalUploaded byKen Smith
- Lecture_151116_On Model Test.pdfUploaded bySea Man Mkt
- GluUploaded byEnrique Duarte
- 129898Uploaded byHavner Scherrer Cruz
- Uncertain 3Uploaded byanima1982
- towing_tank_experimental_equipments.pdfUploaded byYan Naing Shin
- TrigUploaded byEnrique Duarte
- MEC 3766 Present#2.PptUploaded byNur Adlina
- 241-245Uploaded bydkohli_2
- Operating NotesUploaded byJose Mistico
- Monitoring and MeasurementUploaded byImtiyaz Akhtar
- chapter2MPF2012.pdfUploaded byRonalson Sirait
- Audit Plan BlankUploaded byMeer Shakeel
- CalibrationUploaded byschumon
- Draft Copy-Anu WorlesUploaded byRAMESHWAR THAKUR

- Myanmar Constitution 2008 ((Notes))Uploaded bySea Man Mkt
- Sea Keeping Analysis for Preliminary DesignUploaded byTullio Opatti
- LMA)ဦးေဌးလိႈင္-ရတနာသံုးပါးေက်းဇူး(၁).pdfUploaded bySea Man Mkt
- Resis sinkage trim wake test.pdfUploaded bySea Man Mkt
- Optimal_Preliminary_Propeller_Design_Based_on_Mult.pdfUploaded bySea Man Mkt
- My Fathers Dragon FKBUploaded byBruce Wane
- PPT-Resistance.pdfUploaded bySea Man Mkt
- Coefficients of Propeller-hull Interaction in Inland Waterway Vessels.pdfUploaded byKalipada Sen
- Lecture_151116_On Model Test.pdfUploaded bySea Man Mkt
- 75-02-03-011.pdfUploaded bySea Man Mkt
- Pipe Catalog.pdfUploaded bySea Man Mkt
- Combined Marine Propulsion.pdfUploaded bySea Man Mkt
- fuel-injection.pdfUploaded bySea Man Mkt
- PUBS Loss Prevention Tug and Tow Safety and Operational Guide A5 OnscreenUploaded byhmthant
- ControlTheory.pptxUploaded bySea Man Mkt
- Lec. 18 Heat transf.pdfUploaded byShadab Hussain
- 75-02!03!012_Uncertainty Analysis Example for PropulsionUploaded bySea Man Mkt
- 75-02!03!024_Nominal Wake Measurement by a 5-Hole PitotUploaded bySea Man Mkt
- 75-02!03!025_G Experimental Wake Scaling MethodsUploaded bySea Man Mkt
- 75-02-03-021_Open Water Test.pdfUploaded bySea Man Mkt
- Anthony F Molland_ Stephen R Turnock_ Dominic a Hudson-Ship Resistance and Propulsion _ Practical Estimation of Ship Propulsive Power-Cambridge University Press (2011)Uploaded byghanbari8668
- Microsoft WordUploaded bymyathandaroo
- Sketchup Www.mmithelper.comUploaded byYin Tun
- Asia Affiliates (MAN_Member)Uploaded bySea Man Mkt

- TheKnot.com and WeddingChannel.com Announce New 2011 Wedding Statistics -- Including Average Wedding Budget and Top Wedding TrendsUploaded bypastoralsled085
- Opportunity, challenge and Scope of Natural Products in Medicinal ChemistryUploaded byCamilla Karen Fernandes Carneiro
- 16277628-CAESAR-II-UGUploaded bypraisecat
- The_useUploaded byHafizi Hassan
- China Banking Corporation, Petitioner, Vs CAUploaded byJillian Batac
- Doc14-6 Eurocode1 Accidental ActionsUploaded byMihnea-Bogdan Nicolaescu
- Multirate signal processingUploaded byerichaas
- SW-Update-Guide Powador 6.0-20.0 TL3 V3.31 EnUploaded byS M Naveed
- Very Importat Main SponsorUploaded byNafees Sabri
- SAS SUGI PaperUploaded bybiswarup1988
- Finite Element Modeling Techniques in MSC NASTRAN and LS DYNA[1]Uploaded byIndranil Bhattacharyya
- Flexural Behavior of RC MembersUploaded byAbdul Wahab Khan
- List of Occupations for UPSR English pupils.Uploaded byPizza40
- SIMD ArchitectureUploaded bybinzidd007
- Fitting Brass NPTUploaded byLeonardus
- Java SE 8 Programmer II.pdfUploaded byEdo Krajinic
- JOB OFFERUploaded byAnonymous nZaHyppY0
- Ip Video Security GuideUploaded byRubenMonarca
- HighretortCPP a Easypeel (3)Uploaded byTrung Ho
- project peizo electric by walkingUploaded byibrahim
- Plaza 66 Tower 2 Structural Design ChallengesUploaded bysrvsh
- AIR TESTUploaded byHarry Doble
- Learning Spaces and Learning Behaviors Web VersionUploaded byEyla Suhaila
- Band OnUploaded bySyed Waqas Ahmed
- Spouses Amparo, et al. vs Caguiat.docxUploaded byTacoy Dolina
- Rye, C. (2001) Change Management the 5 Step ToolkitUploaded byIleana Sendrea
- API-571-2Uploaded byMahmoud Abdelaal
- Mathematical problem in enginering.pdfUploaded byLea Eleuteri
- 9 - Ceroferr v CAUploaded byChescaSeñeres
- PSCD3C-005004Uploaded byHamidi A Hamid