You are on page 1of 5

1/19/2015 CylinderReliefValve.

CivilEngineering
CivilEngineering
BuildingConstruction&Design
ConcreteTechnology
GeotechnicalEngineering
Hydraulics
StructuralEngineering
ElectricalEngineering
ElectricalEngineering
Appliances&Electronics
CommercialApplications
DIYDigital/Analog
PowerDistribution/Generation
MarineEngineering
MarineEngineering
Machinery&ShipSystems
MarineHistory
NavalArchitecture
Seafaring
MechanicalEngineering
MechanicalEngineering
CADReviews&Tips
Energy/PowerPlants
FluidMechanics/Hydraulics
HVAC/HVACR
MachineDesign
ManufacturingTechnology
Robotics
Thermodynamics

Leaveacomment
Role&ConstructionofReliefValveonMarineEngine
Cylinders
writtenby:WillieScotteditedby:LamarStonecypherupdated:9/14/2011

Large2strokeand4strokemarinedieselenginesthatpropeltodaysshipsarebothefficientandpowerful.This
powercomesfromtheenergyreleasedbythefuelduringcombustioninthecompressionignitionsystemareliefvalve
protectingthecylinderheadfromtheresultantcombustionforces.

Thereareseveralvalvesonthecylinderheadsofamarinedieselenginethereliefvalvebeingoneofthese.

Theroleandconstructionofthereliefvalveonmarineenginecylindersisexaminedinthefollowingsections.

Thefirstsectiongivesanoverviewofatypicalmarinedieselcylinderhead,includingitsvalvesandothercomponents.

TypicalMarineDieselCylinderHead
Thecylinderheadwewillexamineistypicalofalarge2strokedieselenginehavingscavengeairinletportsinthe
cylinderlinerandanexhaustvalveinthecylinderhead.Thisisknownasuniflowscavenging.Thosecylinderheads
withoutexhaustvalveshaveexhaustportscutintothetopendofthelinerabovetheinletports,beingknownasloop
scavengingengines.

Thecylinderheadcontainsthefollowingcomponents

FuelValves
Theseinjecttheheavyfueloilanddieseloilasamistintothecombustionchamber,beingcontrollednowadaysbythe

http://www.brighthubengineering.com/marineenginesmachinery/52292roleandconstructionofreliefvalveonmarineenginecylinders/ 1/5
1/19/2015 CylinderReliefValve.
commonrailfuelsystem.

AirstartValve
Thisisusedtostarttheengineintheaheadorasternrotationbyinjectingcompressedairintotherelativecylinder.

ExhaustGasValve
Thisiscontainedinacagefittedintoaninsertinthecylinderhead.Modernexhaustvalvesareplacedatthecentreof
thecylinderheadhavingawatercooledcage,thevalvebeinghydraulicallyoperatedratherthanbyapushrod.They
canalsohaveafinweldedtothevalvestemtheexhaustgasrotatingthevalvethusdecreasingthewearonthe
seat.

IndicatorCock
Thisvalvehastwopurposes

1)Toenableindicatorcardstobetakentheseshowtheconditionoftheengineundernormaloperatingconditions.

2)Theyareopenedwhilstengineisturnedoveronairforafewrotationstoblowoutanydirtorwateraccumulated
afterenginehasbeenshutdownforawhileoroverhauled.Thecocksarethenshutandtheenginestartednormally.
Rememberindicatorcocksshouldalwaysbeleftopenedwhenrotatingthemainengineusingtheturninggear.

CylinderReliefValve
Mainpurposeistoliftwhenoverpressureoccursinthecombustionareatheresultantcombustiongasbeingexpelled
toathroughaflangedpipetodeck.

Asketchofatypical2strokecylinderheadisshownbelowpleaseclickonimagetoenlarge.

Construction
Thereliefvalveisenclosedwithinacastironcasingthatissecuredtothecylinderheadbythreadedstudsandhex
nuts.Itconsistsofthefollowingcomponents

HelicalValveSpring
Thespringisnormallymanufacturedfromsiliconchrome/vanadiumspringwirethathasbeenhardenedandtempered
inoiltotherelativestandards.

Itisfittedinsidethecasingbeingheldinpositionbythetopandbottomringkeeps.

TheValveandStem
Thevalveandstemaremanufacturedfromhighgradestainlesssteel,thevalvebeingseatedonanintegral
seat/machinedlandingthatisopentothecombustionchamber.Thestemisnotconnectedtothevalve,butsitsatopof
itprotrudingthroughthecentreofthespringandterminatinginathreadedportionoutsidethetopofthecasing.The
threadedportioncontainsthelocknutsthatareusedtoadjustthespringtension,viathetopspringcollar.Thisallows
theliftingpressureofthevalvetobesetat20%overmaximuminternalcombustionpressure.

Maintenanceconsistsofcleaningandinspectingallthecomponentsatthesameintervalsascylinderheadoverhaul.
Thevalveseatshouldbeexaminedandregroundthespringbeingcheckedforcracksanditsfreelengthmeasured
undernoloadconditions.

Aftertheassemblythevalveshouldbesettothecorrectliftingpressurebeforebeingsubjectedtopressureandleak
testing.

AtHarlandandWolffweusedtoleaktesttheseatbypouringparaffinoilintothevalvecasing.Anysignofaleakno
matterhowinsignificantandthevalvewasstripped,theseatregroundthenretested.Pressuretestingwascarriedout
onabenchmountedtestrigconsistingofahighpressureaircompressor,airpressurecontrolvalve,andcalibrated
gauges.Thereliefvalvewasboltedtothecompressoraccumulatorflangeandtheairpressureincreaseduntilthe
valvelifted.ThecertifyingauthorityatthetimewasDNVandLloydsofLondonandtheywitnessedthetestingofevery
oneweassembledbeforetheywereboltedtothecylinderheadsoftheengines.Mindyou,thatwas1964,butI
supposethesettingandtestingproceduresaremuchthesametoday.

Asketchshowingthecomponentsofatypicalcylinderreliefvalveisshownbelowpleaseclickonimagetoenlarge.

http://www.brighthubengineering.com/marineenginesmachinery/52292roleandconstructionofreliefvalveonmarineenginecylinders/ 2/5
1/19/2015 CylinderReliefValve.

OperatingPrinciples
"Normal"liftingofthereliefvalvecanoccurinthefollowingsituation,andshouldgivenocauseforconcern

WhentoomuchfuelissuppliedbytheengineerwhenonstartingtheengineIhavedonethisafewtimes!
Ifairisbeingusedtostopengineinemergencystopsituation.
Runningenginefullasternforaprolongedperiod,inthiscasethebridgeshouldbeinformedthatasternrunningis
atitslimit.
However,therearesituationsthatcouldleadtoareliefvalveliftingwhileengineisoperatingundernormalloadand
conditionsandwarrantafullinspection.

Faultyfuelpumporincorrectlysetfuelinjectordeliveringexcessivefuel.
Badlyleakingfuelinjectorthroughloosenozzleorenlargedinjectionholes.
Waterleakingintothecombustionchamber.
Scavengefire.

References
WillieScott:LayoutofaB&WEngineRoom
MachinerySpaces:FunctionofaCylinderReliefValve
Jsseweb:HelicalSpringsTesting.

AboutBHEngineering TermsofUse
ContactUs PrivacyPolicy
AdvertiseWithUs CopyrightPolicy
RSS

2012BrightHubInc.AllRightsReserved

SUBSCRIBE&FOLLOW:

WHATOTHERSAREREADING
RoleOfCompressedAirInStartinga
MarineDiselEngine
WorkingPrincipleofRotaryPumps

http://www.brighthubengineering.com/marineenginesmachinery/52292roleandconstructionofreliefvalveonmarineenginecylinders/ 3/5
1/19/2015 CylinderReliefValve.
ElectricalGroundingOnShips
SoundingtheTanksofaShip
HowDoesAnAirEjectorWork?
MarineElectricalPowerDistribution
HowSteeringGearsWorkOnShips?
CrankshaftDeflection:MarineDiesel
EngineComponents
ProcedureofSWPumpSeaChest
Cleaning
FunctionsofShipsMainEngineThrust
Block,PropShaft,andSternTube
RELATEDTOPICS:
Machinery&ShipSystems
MarineHistory
NavalArchitecture
Seafaring

Tweets Follow

Learn some of the most common


reasons for electrical motor failure
ow.ly/s692d #engineering
Expand

BH_Engineering 8 Jan 14
@BH_Engineering
An Explanation of Heating &
Ventilation Loads ow.ly/s68rS
#engineering #hvac
Expand

BH_Engineering 7 Jan 14
@BH_Engineering
Are Millions of Migratory Birds Killed
Each Year by Radio Towers & Wind
Mills? ow.ly/s68bu #energy
#environment

BH_Engineering 6 Jan 14
@BH_Engineering
Heating and Ventilation Loads: An
Explanation ow.ly/s68lK #engineering
#hvac
Expand

BH_Engineering 6 Jan 14
@BH_Engineering
How Many Birds are Killed by
Windmills & Cell Phone Towers?
ow.ly/s67Tn #energy #environment

Tweet to @BH_Engineering

SIGNUPFOREMAILS
Clickheretosignupforournewsletter

QuickLinks
CivilEngineering
ElectricalEngineering
MarineEngineering
http://www.brighthubengineering.com/marineenginesmachinery/52292roleandconstructionofreliefvalveonmarineenginecylinders/ 4/5
1/19/2015 CylinderReliefValve.

MechanicalEngineering

2014brighthubengineering.comAllrightsreserved.

PrivacyPolicy

http://www.brighthubengineering.com/marineenginesmachinery/52292roleandconstructionofreliefvalveonmarineenginecylinders/ 5/5