Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast

³Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast´


0 Marketing Management

Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast

1 Marketing Management

02 04 05

Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast

If one travels around the world, he will find homes across all continents where people use Unilever products. In fact, in many countries it would be hard to find homes without Unilever products. Unilever is one of the largest, most international companies in the world. It is 'international', not 'global' because it does not attempt to enter all markets with the same products. Products fall into two main categories, "Foods and Home" and Personal Care", each of which is vast. Unilever sells over a thousand brands, many of which are market leaders - in a country, in a region or in the world. The story of how the company came into being is an interesting one. Lever Brothers was founded in 1885 when W.H. Lever, later Lord Leverhulme, launched 'Sunlight' Soap. By the end of the century he had built up one of the largest soap businesses in the world. On September 2, 1929, this company decided to merge with a Dutch Company, Margarine Unie and on January 1, 1930 'Unilever' came into existence. Both were international companies, active in some 40 countries, had a common customer ± the housewife, and were using similar raw materials. After the merger of these two giants, a form of organization was required that would give due weight to both the British and the Dutch partners, and two companies with identical boards were set up. The Unilever group is therefore made up of two parent companies having two headquarters - one in Rotterdam, known as Unilever N.V. and the other in London known as Unilever PLC. The apex of the two companies comprises of an Executive Committee, headed by the Chairmen of Unilever PLC and Unilever N.V. Unilever Pakistan Limited needs no introduction. In the world of consumer products it has created an indelible name for itself with brands such as Lifebuoy, Lux and Surf. By far the largest consumer products company in Pakistan, UPL is a part of the consumer products giant Unilever. UPL was established some fifty years ago in the then newly created Pakistan. The town of Rahim Yar Khan was the site chosen for setting up a vegetable oil factory in 1958 and that is where the first UPL manufacturing facility developed.

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Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast Today, Unilever Pakistan is a force to reckon with. Its contribution to Pakistan's economic development cannot be underestimated. Now operating six factories at different locations around the country, the company contributes a significant proportion of the country's taxes. It employs a large number of local managers and workers. It provides a pool of well-trained and highly motivated manpower to other segments and has introduced new and innovative technologies into the country. The UPL Head Office was shifted to Karachi from the Rahim Yar Khan site in the mid 60's. By this time the once dusty and sleepy village was the hub of activities for UPL. A residential estate situated near the factory is the home of UPL employees at Rahim Yar Khan. Unilever pioneered the business of processed animal and poultry feeds in Pakistan when they began their production and marketing in 1960. However due to immense difficulties it was not possible to keep this part of the business viable therefore it was closed in 1980. A soap and glycerin factory was established in Chittagong in the then East Pakistan in 1961. However this factory is no longer part of Unilever as a result of the secession in 1971. Surf, first of their non-soap-detergent (NSD) powders was launched in 1963. It is produced by arrangement with Fateh Ali Chemicals (Pvt.) Limited. The present Karachi Edibles Factory was acquired in 1965 from A&B Oil Industries Ltd. Reconstruction and expansion of the factory was completed in 1994 making it one of the most modern plants in Pakistan. Unilever moved into the Personal Products business in 1981. Further diversification on the food side of the business has taken place with the introduction of margarine and cooking oils. In 1994 a state of the art factory for production Ice Cream (Wall¶s) was erected and began production in a record time of 10 months. Unilever has acquired Lipton and Brooke Bond business worldwide, however in Pakistan it was decided to merge Lipton with Unilever in 1984. Legal merger became effective in 1989. Unilever and Brooke Bond merged in 1997.

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Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast

Close up WHITENINGCINAMMON BLAST is a line extension of the Close up range. In 1986 Close up came up with red and green gel. During 2000 close up ultra whitening was introduced which doubled the sales. Looking at the sales of close up ultra whitening, Close up in 2003,came with a new variant of whitening gel with lemon in it as the lemon mint refreshes and acts as a local analgesic. It also contained antioxidant vitamin C. Vitamin helps in healing of wounds and it tightens the gums. Now in 2007 Closeup is making an addition to its family by launching Close up WHITENINGCINAMMON BLAST. It is Red gel with Fluoride which protects teeth against cavities, including Microfoamers which gently cleans and whitens the teeth and freshening breath sparkles - for extra fresh breath. This same gel was launched in other regions and it received tremendous response. In other regions of the world, the color of the gel is red Close up whitening cinnamon blast has sweet cinnamon flavor & prevents tooth decay as well as provides cavity protection. So far the Close up Whitening Blast is very successful as it is adopted as flavor of cinnamon and also its natural shine. Among the close variants, whitening blast is expected to be the second highest selling variant. Ultra whitening sells the most. Close up whiteningblast will be widely available in urban cities in the beginning as well as rural areas in coming days.

Brand - Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast
Close up White Cinnamon Blast is a line extension in the product line of Close up. It is a variant to the existing brand Close up Ultra whitening. Close up ultra whitening was doing very well 4 Marketing Management

Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast since its launch in 2000 but it had reached the maturity stage and growth had slowed down, so Unilever came up with Close up Lemon Mint in 2003 to bring the brand back in the growth stage with accelerated sales and a further 5% increase in market share. It is also enjoying its growth phase of Product Life Cycle. Whitening Cinnamon Blast will be an addition to the Close up family expected to give a rise to the current market share and growth rate.

Since it is characterized by high sales and the company is expected to be able to not only cover its cost of production by breakeven, it will also be able to generate substantial profits.

RETAIL PRICE Excl. st. Rs. 35.43/CONSUMER PRICE: Rs. 40/NET WEIGHT: 75 ml 5 Marketing Management

Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast

TARGET MARKET: Upper-Middle Class BUYING PATTERN: Impulse Buying PROMOTION STRATEGY: Billboards, Banners and Electronic Media SLOGAN: ³Smile Without Hesitation with Close-up Cinnamon´ New Close up WHITENINGCINAMMON BLAST with fluoride and cavity protection is a unique combination of Cinnamon & Fluoride with enhanced Micro whiteners and Germ killing mouthwash. Its Fluoride makes teeth stronger. Its Gel cleans mouth thoroughly to give shiny white teeth. Its germ killing mouthwash kills germs deep within the teeth and gives long lasting fresh breath. Its Micro whiteners scrub away the yellow in between the teeth and whiten them every time one brushes. It is not a paste rather it is a tooth gel with ultra whitening granules, which are specially added

for the whitening and polishing of teeth. Fluoride makes teeth stronger and gives cavity protection. It not only strengths teeth and bones but also prevents bleeding gums. This combination of Cinnamon with Flouride is a unique and exclusive combination concocted by Unilever for the first time to introduce an innovative product in the market, which will be appealing to the youngsters and entice them to try it.

When one will use Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast for the first time, he will feel like he is rinsing his mouth with fresh lemons and the essence of cinnamon will have a lasting effect in his mouth throughout the day. Such is the experience, which he would like to go through again and again. It leaves senses enthralled.

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Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast

Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast is positioned in the mind of the consumers as premium toothpaste providing superior quality at a high price. It is only targeting a small niche segment represented by the youth of the country, therefore it has promoted the brand in such a way that it will appeal to the youth. Its billboards amply prove that by the look and the slogan, which says ³Smile Without Hesitation with Close-up Cinnamon ". As the toothpaste is a whitening 7 Marketing Management

Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast blast, it whitens the teeth within 3 or 4 weeks so, one can smile with more confidence and that the slogan suits best. Since the image is that of a peppy, youthful product it will be positioned in the same manner by erecting huge billboards all across the town, which have an eye-catching effect and splash a colorful message about the product attributes and benefits.

Unique Selling Proposition
Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast is the first brand in the market to come up with the concept of cinnamon, which is a traditionally not used very often in Pakistan. It has the sweetening flavor of cinnamon with the power of the ultra whitening granules to provide ultra shine and whiteness to teeth also containing fluoride for cavity protection. Its unique selling proposition is its composition of cinnamon with fluoride, which is known to provide for stronger gums and teeth. Not only that it has the properties of fluoride germ killing and its mouth wash and micro whiteners act fast on the teeth to provide strong shiny white teeth and super fresh breath.


8 Marketing Management Upper lower Class

Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast


Upper middle class Lower lower class

Lower middle class



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Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast

Product class
The product class of Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast is tooth-cleaning products, which include tooth powders, toothpastes, miswak and dental floss. These have the longest life cycles and the sales of most of them stay in the maturity stage for a long time.

Product Form
The product form is toothpaste. They also enjoy a fairly long life cycle. Toothpastes are in the growth stage of the product life cycle as there is still competition emerging from different brands and new brands keep coming in the market every now and then.

Close up product line includes close up green and red launched in 1986, followed by close up ultra white launched in 2000 and Close up lemon mint, variant of the product line is launched in 10 Marketing Management

Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast 2003. An extension to the product line by Whitening Cinnamon Blast which is been introduced after the huge success of the Close up ultra whitening since its launch .Unilever wanted to introduce a variant, which would supplement the already established Close up Ultra white, which was doing very well and Close up Lemon Mint already in growth stage. So they came up with a new product, Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast with Fluoride, with the additional benefits of cinnamon essence proven over the years to be a successful product for whiter, shinier teeth. The introduction of Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast is aimed to bring Close up back in the growth stage as the Close up ultra whitening had reached maturity, so the launch of this variant will bring the brand back to the growth stage with increased sales and market share.

Since Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast is a premium product, it is priced high. It has a very high cost of production since it is a gel not paste, making it brand a cosmetic brand worthy of charging a high price. The prices are internal driven decided by the headquarters of Unilever. They keep a gross profit margin of 40%. The retailers¶ profit markup will be 3.4%. The regular size of Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast will be 75 grams which will be priced at Rs: 40 and the small pack of 13 grams will have a retail price of Rs: 20. We have kept a smaller sized Close up Cinnamon Blast to skim the lower layers of the market due to its reduced price. The biggest pack introduced at the time of launch will be a 150 grams tube for Rs: 80.

Promotion is the key element in the marketing mix for a product. Consumer of close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast will not be highly price conscious, as target market is the upper class and the upper middle class. Since the product is planned to be launched on a very lavish scale to create awareness about it and catch the consumer¶s attention by its huge and attractive billboards scattered in different areas of the city. The tag line is ³Feel in heaven with Close up 11 Marketing Management

Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast Cinnamon´, as depicted in our advertisements as well as on the billboards. The concept behind the ad will be that Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast provides the user the confidence and appeal as well as the charm and persona it takes to appear attractive and lure company. This kind of a promotional strategy will seek to entice the youth, which is the main target market comprising people between the age group of 16-25. It is built to identify with the mindsets and psyche of this age group. Even though toothpaste is a low involvement product and it is frequently purchased and that too by mostly mothers or housewives this segment of consumers being targeted form an influential group affecting the choice of the brand for their mothers who usually make the purchase, since this age group in Pakistan basically represents students or some newly married couples. The company at the time of launch will be introduced a very big family size pack of Close up White Cinnamon Blast of 150 grams for Rs: 80 with a free Lux Milk Cream and Almond Soap as a sales promotion strategy which companies use in the introduction stage of a product¶s life cycle. This strategy will be adopted at the time of launch to induce customers to try out the new product to trigger sales. The initial target is to achieve 20%. The company¶s main objective is to increase the market share of close up by an additional 5%.

At the time of launch we are focused on first filling the market by incentivizing the retailers. We are sure to achieve this, as Close up is an established brand in the market with a good sales turnover. We will also be providing brochures about the product at the point of sales terminal apart from putting up banners in the various stores. We want to ensure that the product is available in the market before the consumers even came to know of it through the advertisements. This is to assure that the consumers would not be disappointed if they go to the stores after learning about the product only to find out that it hasn¶t reached the outlets yet. 12 Marketing Management

Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast

The product is differentiated with a very sound unique selling proposition, which will lead to its ultimate success in the market. The cinnamon ingredient in the toothpaste is the baby of Unilever as it is an unheard of concept in toothpastes in local market to date. We are the pioneers for this new concept and will have successfully launched the product in various countries.

The target market for Closeup Whitening Cinnamon Blast is the upper class consumer between the age group of 16-25. To be able to reach them, they are aiming to supply and distribute the product in all the urban areas and elite cities, putting it in all the significant and frequently visited retail outlets. However these are the areas of concentration, so they will not ignore the other areas totally. Even though most sales turnover will be reported from the urban areas sales are also expected from some rural areas. To ensure maximum coverage and achieve maximum sales potential, Unilevers will distribute the product in all the retail outlets where there are existing brands of the Closeup¶s product line. This strategy will help in covering all areas with even the little amount of exposure.

The calculated market potential shows that out of 14 million populations of Karachi 40% people come between the age group 16 ± 25 and due to one reason or the other 20% people will not use Close-Up Whitening Cinnamon Blast. There fore as calculated by them, the market size for Close-Up Whitening Cinnamon Blast will be 20% of the entire market.

Calculation of Market Potential
Market Potential in Units = number of buyers x average consumption 13 Marketing Management

Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast Population of Pakistan = 160 million Population between the age group of 16 ± 25 = 40% = 160000000 x 40% = 64000000 Out of this population 10 % people do not have income 30% belong to lower lower class 30% belong to lower middle & middle class 4% people like using Tooth powder 3% people prefer medicated toothpaste 3% people do not like the cinnamon taste of Close-Up Whitening Cinnamon Blast toothpaste. 5% of the upper middle & upper class use other brands And 15 % population which will use Close-Up Whitening Cinnamon Blast: = 64000000 x 15% = 12800000 So the market potential in units = 9600000

Market Potential in Rupees
Average toothpaste tubes used per month = 1 Price= Rupees.40 / tube

Total Market Potential = Number of buyers x average consumption x price = 9600000 X 1 X 40 = 384000000

Sales Potential
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Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast Unilever target for the sales potential of Close-up Whitening Cinnamon Blast is at least 20 % of the current sales and targeted for taking away at least 5 % market shares from English Tooth paste.

Consumer Behavior while purchasing a certain product is influenced by two factors: buyer¶s characteristics and buyer¶s decision process.

Characteristics Affecting Consumer Behavior for Toothpaste Category
Buyer¶s characteristics influence how he or she perceives and reacts to a particular product or a particular marketing stimulus. There are various factors, which shape up the buyer¶s characteristics. Culture Culturally, Pakistani society is health conscious. Islam pays deep emphasis on personal hygiene, therefore majority of the population are aware of the need for oral health. But as the majority of 15 Marketing Management

Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast the population lives in rural areas, they resort to traditional methods such as using Miswaak to clean their teeth. Toothpaste manufactures have been creating awareness of the toothpaste benefits and they have succeeded in gaining public trust. People living in urban areas are much more aware of the health benefits of using toothpaste, therefore quality toothpaste are very popular among the people dwelling in large cities. Economic Situation Pakistan has a weak economy where very few people can afford luxury items. For some people, toothpaste is still a luxury item. People belonging to low-income class still use tooth powder, as they are affordable. Toothpastes like Colgate and Close-up hold an inspirational value and represent the well-off and affluent segment of the society. Psychographics Pakistani consumers are very social and like to mingle and socialize. Makers of cosmetic toothpaste have focused on the particular segment of the society who is self confident and outgoing. By studying the segment¶s AIO (activities, interest, opinions), they have been

able to market a product like toothpaste as a representative of their lifestyle. Marketers have been able to sell the image of youth with white teeth and fresh breath who are very popular among their social circle.

Roles and Status Traditionally, toothpaste manufacturers have marketed their brands as a family brand where all family members use the same toothpaste. It has been a successful strategy for a long time, but as the Pakistani society is evolving, each family member is becoming more aware of his or her role and status. Toothpaste marketers are trying to evolve along with the society. Toothpaste marketers have segmented the toothpaste market according to age and life cycle. Different variants of toothpastes have been developed and exclusively targeted to kids and young teens of the society. 16 Marketing Management

Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast Buying Behavior Toothpaste is a convenient product where customer has low involvement buying behavior. Customers may purchase a particular brand of toothpaste habitually or may try different brands each month for the sake of variety. The challenge for toothpaste marketers is to convert the low involvement behavior into the behavior where the customer becomes involved while purchasing the product. Different marketing strategies have been developed by toothpaste manufacturers to differentiate the products available in the market. Each manufacturer focuses on creating a unique selling proposition, which makes their product stand out. Market leaders in the toothpaste market try to encourage habitual buying behavior while the market challengers encourage variety-seeking behavior by offering new variants of their products. Close-up adopts the strategy in which they target the youth of today and promote their products to attract the teens and involve them in the buying decision process.


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Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast

Toothpaste market has been segmented on the basis of social class as well as benefits sought from every toothpaste.

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Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast

Upper Class

Medium Class Medicam English

Lower Class


Colgate Total



Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast/ Colgate Whitening/ Close up Whitening/ Close up Lemon Mint Colgate Original


Family Health Brand


Area/Regions/Density Close-Up Whitening Cinnamon Blast Toothpaste targets all the major cities of Pakistan i.e. 19 Marketing Management

Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad, Peshawar, Quetta, Faisalabad, Multan etc and there is mass distribution in these cities. Age (16-25) Close-Up Whitening Cinnamon Blast is targeting a particular segment of the market that consist of people between the age group of 16 to 25.Unilever also has this thought that when buying this toothpaste for these youngsters, elders of the family may also end up using the same Close-Up Whitening Cinnamon Blast toothpaste. Research shows that this age group prefers the brand to the other brands due to different reasons. Gender Basically this product is a unisex product targeting both genders by the same token, reason being that this is a consumer health product used by both genders equally. Family Life Cycle 16 ± 25 is an age group that mainly encompasses people who are teen-agers or young, single or newly married as young generation has a great liking for junk food so they will prefer a toothpaste with cavity protection. Education Mostly people who will use Close-Up Whitening Cinnamon Blast toothpaste are people who are educated and are health conscious, as they know that brushing teeth is an important part of hygiene.

Occupation Close-Up Whitening Cinnamon Blast is a toothpaste which will be used by people of every occupation whether a doctor, student, teacher, lawyer, whoever.

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Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast Income Group 20000+ is the targeted income level for Close-Up Whitening Cinnamon Blast. Social Class Being a niche product Close-Up Whitening Cinnamon Blast will be used by people belonging to upper-upper class and upper-middle class. But research also shows that many people think that it is highly priced but still they prefer it to other brands due to its high quality. Lifestyle People who will use Close-Up Whitening Cinnamon Blast toothpaste are all health conscious, extroverts, out-going, trendy and social in nature. They will be inspired by advertisements and packaging of the product as well. They don¶t mind paying a little more for popular & expensive toothpaste, which gives them, complete satisfaction. Personality People who will use Close-Up Whitening Cinnamon Blast toothpaste will be those who are more health conscious, also fresh breath conscious, gregarious, ambitious, trendy & tasteful people who use Close-Up Whitening Cinnamon Blast for hygienic purposes and internal satisfaction, as they know they are also getting the promised quality and cavity protection. They are mesmerizing in nature. They want the best for themselves. And they even agree upon the fact that they advice people to use Close-Up Whitening Cinnamon Blast because they think it¶s worth the price.

Readiness Stage Target market is aware of Close-Up toothpaste as a product, and will know how Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast differs from other brands available in the market, the price it offers and the image that is associated with it. 21 Marketing Management

Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast

User Status Majority users of Close-Up Lemon Mint are those who like trying new tastes or who are using Close-Up toothpaste for quite sometime or people who like the combination of lemon and mint together. Other users are people who have switched to Close-Up Lemon Mint from some other brand and find it better then others. Benefits There are many benefits of using Close-Up Whitening Cinnamon Blast toothpaste. First of all it¶s a quality product for keeping ones teeth clean. Second it just not cleans the teeth; it also makes them ultra white; gives one a unique flavor of cinnamon. Third it provides cavity protection and stronger teeth and gums. And last and most important of all it leaves breathe fresh for long hours. Usage Rate Usage rate of Close-Up Whitening Cinnamon Blast toothpaste will increase day by day, as it¶s in its introductory stage of its life cycle. Research shows that many people will get attracted to the product due to the enchanting advertisements and word of mouth.

Loyalty Status Nothing can be said about the loyalty status at this point of time as the product is in its introductory stage. On one hand nothing can be said about the loyalty status as toothpaste is a convenience good, but on the other hand research shows that many people are loyal to Close-Up toothpaste as a brand. 22 Marketing Management

Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast

Attitude Attitude of people between ages of 16 ± 25 towards the product is very positive. The image of the product is of a high quality, trendy, spanking new and expensive toothpaste. Overall it is imaged as a good quality product, which gives complete value to its consumers.

There will be no issues faced by the company at the time of launch. They launched Close up lemon mint because Close up is represented as an innovative brand and are continuing their practice by launching Whitening Cinnamon Blast. In the year 2000, they launched Close up ultra 23 Marketing Management

Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast whitening and they had a huge success and their sales doubled. Because of that they took out a new variant in 2003. They expected a sale of 20% by the new Close up lemon mint, but they got sales of 35%, which is a tremendous success. They actually extracted the sales from Colgate, which they never even thought about. We are launching Whitening Cinnamon Blast for which we have used a very attractive glossy and metalized material for packaging. For which we have done outsourcing. Their cost of production is very high as we are manufacturing gels not pastes.

CLOSE UP Whitening Cinnamon Blast Strengths
y y Close up¶s greatest strength is the blind trust of the consumers in the brand. The entire product range has extremely high brand awareness. 24 Marketing Management

Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast y The quality of the product is maintained at high standards under the supervision of Unilever International. y y y In the toothpaste category it¶s the only Cinnamon brand available in Pakistan. It is perceived as a modern brand as compared to other brands as it caters to the youth. Its greatest strength is its combination of gel, cinnamon and fluoride. The gel with its whitening formula while it refreshes and acts as a local analgesic. y Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast have antioxidant. Fluoride helps in making teeth and gums strong. y Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast will be widely available in urban cities as well as rural areas. y y Leaves teeth feeling extra clean and mouth feeling extra fresh. Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast provides for cavity protection.

y The brand suffers with an image problem. Close up focuses on the upper segment, just the teenagers. y Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast has a sweet flavor which people of Pakistan are not used to of.

y Close up is priced very highly Rs 40 for 75 grams and Rs 20 for 30 grams. y As close up is gel based so its total cost of production is very high. y Consumers perceived close up to be little expensive.

y As close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast is in its introductory stage of product life cycle, it has a huge market. y The branded market has been receiving a warm welcome in the metropolitan areas of 25 Marketing Management

Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast Pakistan. y People are becoming health conscious and are switching to brands offering vitamins, cavity protection and teeth whitening attributes. y There is a growing segment of young people trying to socialize and project them selves as cool young group. Therefore, the Whitening Cinnamon Blast with its whitening abilities and cinnamon flavor stand a very good chance. y In the toothpaste category it¶s the only Cinnamon brand available in Pakistan. So it can be priced very highly. y y No competition in this segment from other brands. Close up has innovative packaging glossy and metalized. All other tooth pastes have simple packaging.

y y y The unbranded segment comprises an enormous 50 % of the market share. Toothpaste is a convenience good, not much brand loyalty. Close is facing threat from smuggled (imported) brands, which are snatching away the market share. y y Close up¶s biggest challenge would be to grow with the existing products. Close up¶s direct competitors is Colgate which is much famous in the market.

Basically four players namely; Medicam, English, Colgate and Close up dominate the branded market of toothpastes in Pakistan. Besides this there are a very large number of un quantifiable imported products in the toothpaste category. Therefore it becomes highly difficult to estimate the market size. Close up has many competitors all around Pakistan. Medicam is projected as cure for bleeding gums and it is a premium product as it is priced very highly. English is projected as economical family toothpaste and is priced very low as it caters to the lower income segment. Colgate 26 Marketing Management

Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast provides cavity protection and it is the direct competitor of Closeup. Besides these Closeup¶s huge competitors are smuggled brands and imported toothpastes. In the toothpaste market, Medicam with its healing properties is a sure shot market leader. However, Close up lemon mint is the market leader in the teeth whitening category. The branded oral health care market is divided into toothpaste 52 % market share and tooth powder 48% share. Among the 52 % of toothpaste, the market share is divided between the smuggled imported brands and local brands such as Medicam, English, Colgate and Close up. Close up has the youngest image in the mindset of the consumer, as it was the first one to market toothpaste in trendy, glossy and metalized packing. Colgate and other brands that are trying to keep up with competition also introduced new packaging. However, only Close up owns this trait in the mind of the consumer.

Competitive strategy to deal with all the competitors at the same time would be designing one strategy to deal with a competitor in a particular region, which would affect the sales and image of the same product in the other region. Hence an extensive research is required to design a competitive strategy according to a particular situation on hand. As the market for toothpastes is characterized by perfect competition, a single firm cannot alter the price by making alterations with its output. However, under perfect competition, the most attractive strategy to attract customers is through price cuts. But as Close up is a market leader in teeth whitening and is positioned as a youth brand, it should not go for a price cut option as it might create a negative impression in the minds of loyal consumers. The main reason could be attributed to the fact that consumer have low involvement with tooth 27 Marketing Management

Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast pastes products and they usually buy on price alone rather than passing through the normal sequence of belief, attitude and behavior. There are not much visible differences among tooth paste brands, and almost all brands have the same qualities, so consumer cannot distinguish between different brands, they make their buying decisions on price alone. Also the whole family is not involved in the decision-making. The housewife could be the decider, and the influencers could be friends, family and advertisements.

Close up Ultra Whitening had reached the maturity stage, and the introduction of Close up Lemon Mint is in growth stage but its sale is reaching in stable condition. Launching of Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast brought the brand back into the growth stage. Currently our product Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast is in the introductory stage, it is expected to have high acceptance in the market and increased sales turnover reaping profits for the company. But 28 Marketing Management

Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast as the product will move to the growth and maturity stage they will have to adopt different strategies to keep it afloat in the market.

Maturity stage is characterized by a decrease in the growth pace of the product. The sales have stopped growing or have slowed down. This happens when your product has been tried and bought by everybody in the market whom you were targeting but now there is no further increase in sales. In this stage if you do not differentiate your product, competitors can take over the market share by coming up with something new and different. The first and foremost thing that should be done is to retain the market share by holding onto existing customers, by providing them with additional benefits. They can also bring about more augmentations in the product to make sure that it continues to entice the consumers and hold onto their interest.

Another strategy would be to expand the market. Venturing into areas not covered previously and developing the market for the product. Since Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast is only targeting the upper class segment, there might still be some areas, which are neglected. They can tap into these areas by launching an economy pack for middle class people such as the whitecollar officers in the age group of 20¶s who have

the desire to follow the trend and try the toothpaste but maybe cannot afford it at this price.

Secondly they can build primary demand. This can be done by educating people about the benefits of brushing teeth after every meal and creating more demand by increased usage. They can promote this in their advertisements by telling consumers to use the product thrice a day after every meal.

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Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast This stage will only occur when the product has completely gone off the priority list of consumers and they are no longer interested in purchasing it anymore. It has nothing new to offer and it has failed in the face of fierce competition and rival brands. This situation occurs a lot of times when a new technology is introduced in the market and the existing companies are tentative about adopting it. They stick to their old methods and techniques of production and therefore lose out on much lucrative opportunities. The idea is set a trend rather than follow it. We want to be the innovators. We would want to be the first ones to come up with a new idea or technology and present it in an attractive package to the market. We can also come up with a line extension or a new variant to revitalize sales and breathe life into the dead brand. We can do this by changing the form and shape of the product

or adding something extra to come with a totally new unique selling proposition. In some cases however we will have to come up with a totally new product to trigger interest of the consumers.

Close-up Whitening Cinnamon Blast will target its consumers through different media graphics such as news paper, radio, press, internet, billboards, and mainly through advertisements and outdoor activities.

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Close up Whitening Cinnamon Blast

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