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ULANGKAJI BERFOKUS SPM PANITIA BIOLOGI

KOLEJ TUNKU KURSHIAH,


BANDAR ENSTEK, SEREMBAN

PANITIA BIOLOGI

ULANGKAJI BERFOKUS SPM


2015

KERTAS 1
Koleksi soalan percubaan
negeri 2014
(THEME : CELL AS A BASIC UNIT OF LIVING THINGS)

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ULANGKAJI BERFOKUS SPM PANITIA BIOLOGI

1 The following statements are the characteristics of organelle P.

What is organelle P?

A Vacuole C Ribosome
B Chloroplast D Mitochondrion

2 Diagram 1 shows a type of animal tissue.

Diagram 1
What is the tissue?

A Epithelial tissue C Muscle tissue


B Connective tissue D Nerve tissue

What causes the long bean plant to wilt?

A Water from the plant root diffuse into the soil by osmosis
B Fertilizer diffuse into the root
C Root uses too much energy to transport the fertiliser into the cell
D Dissolve fertiliser diffuse from the soil into the root

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ULANGKAJI BERFOKUS SPM PANITIA BIOLOGI

4 Diagram 2 shows cell organisation in a multicellular organism.

Diagram 2
Which is an example of X?

5 Diagram 3 shows a cross section of the human blood vessels surrounding the tissues.

Diagram 3

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ULANGKAJI BERFOKUS SPM PANITIA BIOLOGI

Based on the diagram, what is the special characteristic of the blood vessel to carry out its
function efficiently?

A Large surface area C Moist surface


B One cell thick wall D Circular shape

6 Diagram 4 shows an experiment to investigate the changes of sucrose solution in a Visking tubing.

Diagram 4

Which of the following graphs A, B, C or D represents the change?

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ULANGKAJI BERFOKUS SPM PANITIA BIOLOGI

7 Which type of carbohydrate is found in abundance in the liver cells?

A Starch C Glycogen
B Sucrose D Glucose

8 Diagram 5 shows the molecular structure of two classes of food.

Diagram 5
What are the food classes of P and Q?

9 Diagram 6 shows the set up of an experiment to study the hydrolysis of albumen. The contents of
the test tubes A, B, C and D are given in the table.

The experiment is left for 20 minutes. Which of test tube shows the albumen had been
hydrolysed?

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10 Diagram 7 shows the phases in a cell cycle.

Which phase do synthesis of mitochondria and chloroplasts occur?

A G1 B G2
CS DM

11 Diagram 8 shows cells at different stages of mitosis.

Which of the following tissues contains these cells?

A The epidermal tissue C The phloem tissue


B The meristem tissue D The ground tissue

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ULANGKAJI BERFOKUS SPM PANITIA BIOLOGI

12 Table 1 shows the number of chromosomes in the liver cell of several animals.

Table 1

What are the chromosomal number of their sperm cells?

(Percubaan SBP 2014)

13 Diagram 9 shows a type of muscle tissue in human body.

Diagram 9

Which organ is mainly composed of this tissue?

A Heart C Pancreas
B Bicep muscle D Small intestine

14 Diagram10 shows an organelle of a cell.

Diagram 10

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ULANGKAJI BERFOKUS SPM PANITIA BIOLOGI

Which of the following process occurs in this organelle ?

A Photosynthesis C Synthesis of enzyme


B Synthesis of protein D Generation of energy

15 Diagram 11 shows structure V and substance W of an organelle in a plant cell.

Diagram 11

What happened in V and W?

16 Diagram 12 shows a flaccid plant cell undergoing deplasmolysis.

Diagram 12

Which of the following will cause the plant cell to undergo deplasmolysis?

A Distilled water C Sucrose solution


B Salt solution D Vinegar

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ULANGKAJI BERFOKUS SPM PANITIA BIOLOGI

17 Diagram 13 shows the structure of plasma membrane.

Diagram 13

What is the function of cholesterol molecules in the plasma membrane?

A To increase the toughness of plasma membrane


B To stabilize the fluidity of the plasma membrane.
C To join the proteins with phospolipid molecules.
D To form protein channels for facilitated diffusion of mineral ions.

18 Diagram 14 shows a cell adjacent to a blood vessel and the movement of the molecules
of oxygen, carbon dioxide and glucose.

Diagram 14

Which of the following factor causes the molecules to move as shown in the diagram?

A The presence of a permeable membrane


B The presence of a cell membrane
C Concentration gradient
D Metabolic energy

19 Diagram 15 shows changes in the length of potato strips when immersed in different
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ULANGKAJI BERFOKUS SPM PANITIA BIOLOGI

concentrations of sugar solution.

Diagram 15

Which of the following statement is explain the graph?

A The potato strip is firm at R.


B The potato strip is immersed in hypertonic solution at P.
C Water diffuses into and out of the cell at equal rate at Q.
D The osmotic pressure in the potato strip is higher than the osmotic pressure of sugar
solution at R.

20 Diagram 16 shows a primary structure of protein.

Diagram 16

What is represented by X?

A Amino acid C Glucose


B Fatty acid D Maltose

21 The following equation shows the condensation of tryglycerides.

P + Q triglycerides + R

What is represented by P,Q and R?

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ULANGKAJI BERFOKUS SPM PANITIA BIOLOGI

22 Diagram 17 shows an activity done by Lucy to investigate action of pepsin on egg albumen.

Diagram 17

The tubes are immersed in a water bath at 37C. What are the observations should she get after 20
minutes?

23 X
Glucose + glucose maltose + water

What is process X and Y?

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24 Diagram 18 shows a cell is undergoing a proses of cell division.

Diagram 18

Which of the following cells are the daughter cells at the end of the cell division?

(Percubaan Kedah 2014)

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25

Which of the following is organelle Q?

A Cytoplasm C Rough endoplasmic reticulum


B Mitochondria D Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

26 Diagram 19 below shows an organelle.

Diagram 19

Which of the following cell possess the organelle in the diagram?

A Guard cell C Epidermal cell


B Muscle cell D Cheek cell

27 Diagram 20 below shows a structure of plasma membrane.

Diagram 20

Which of the following molecule moves across the plasma membrane through P?

A Water C Oxygen
B Glycogen D Glucose

28 Diagram 21 below shows the intake of K into a root cell.

Diagram 21

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The process requires energy. Which of the following is K?

A Water C Oxygen
B Nitrate ion D Glucose

29 Which type of carbohydrate can be found abundantly in liver cells?

A Starch C Glucose
B Maltose D Glycogen

30 Diagram 22 below shows the changes of protein level from quarternary structure to
secondary structure through process P.

Diagram 22
What is process P?

A Denaturation C Hydrolysis
B Deamination D Condensation

31 Diagram 23 below shows chromosomes of an animal cell during metaphase.

Diagram 23
How many chromosomes are there in each of the daughter cells produced?
A2 C6
B4 D8

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32 The given information is about the events in a phase of cell cycle.

What is the phase?

A G1 phase C G2 phase
B S phase D M phase
(JUJ Pahang 2014)

33 Diagram 24 shows an animal cell.

Diagram 24
What are P, Q, R?

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34 Diagram 25 shows a cell that is involved in human reproduction.

Diagram 25

Why is organelle X found abundantly in that cell?

A To control all cell activities


B To supply nutrient to the cell
C To conduct a cell division process
D To generate energy for cell activities

35 Diagram 26 shows the liquid composition of the animal body.

Diagram 26

Which of the following form the internal environment?

A P, Q, R B P, R, S C Q, R, S D P, Q, S

36 Diagram 27 shows the apparatus set-up to investigate osmosis.

Diagram 27

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Which of the following will be observed after 1 hour?

37 Diagram 28 shows the movement of substances across visking tubing.

Diagram 28

After 30 minutes, two samples of distilled water were removed for iodine test and Benedict`s test.
Which of the following are the expected result?

38 Diagram 29 shows one way of preserving mango.

Diagram 29

Which of the following explain why the mango can last longer?

A The low pH is not conducive for bacterial growth


B The vinegar causes the mango to turn alkaline
C The water molecules diffuse into the mango
D The bacteria are deplasmolysed

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39 Diagram 30 shows the mechanism of an enzymatic reaction.

Diagram 30
What are P, Q and R?

40 Diagram 31 shows a part of the DNA molecular structure. J, K, L and M are the basic units in the
DNA molecule.

Diagram 31

Which of the following is represented by J, K, L and M?

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41 Diagram 32 shows an animal cell in a mitosis phase.

Diagram 32

What is the number of chromosomes that can be found in the animals liver cell?

A 16 B8 C4 D2

42 Diagram 33 shows the stages of mitosis.

Diagram 33

Choose the correct sequence for this mitosis process.

43 Which of the following statements is true about meiosis?

I Meiosis occurs during the formation of gametes


II The genetic constitution of the daughter cells is the same as parent cell
III The number of chromosomes in daughter cell is reduced by half
IV Two daughter cells are formed at the end of the meiosis process

A I, II and III only C II and IV only


B I and III only D IV only
(Potensi Biologi Melaka Gemilang 2014)

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44 Diagram 34 shows a structure of a unicellular organism.

Diagram 34
What is structure X?

A Cilia C Vacuole
B Flagella D Pseudopodium

45 Diagram 35 shows the cell organisation in a multicellular organism.

Diagram 35

Which part of the body can be represented by R?

A Blood C Kidney
B Tendon D Epithelium

46 The following information refer to the organelle K.

Which of the following is organelle K?

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47 Which of the following substance is transported across plasma membrane by simple diffusion?

A Glucose C Sodium ion


B Amino acid D Oxygen

48 Diagram 36 shows a condition of red blood cell and a plant cell after being immersed in solution
M and solution N.

Diagram 36

Which of the following is true about solution M and solution N?

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49 Diagram 37 shows part of DNA molecule.

Diagram 37

Which of the following correctly represent the parts labelled P,Q and R?

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50 The information shows two chemical reactions, Reaction 1 and Reaction 2 of sugar group.

What are P and Q?

51 Diagram 38 shows the structure of a protein.

Diagram 38

Which of the following examples has the protein structure as shown in diagram 38.

A Silk C Haemoglobin
B Keratin D Insulin

52 The following information shows the phases in mitosis.

Which of the following is true about the chromosomal behaviour at phase X?

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A Chromosomes are aligned at the equator plane


B The chromosome start to thicken and shorten
C The chromosomes are at the opposite pole of the cell
D The sister chromatids move to the opposite pole of the cell

53 Diagram 39 shows an animal cell during Anaphase I of meiosis.

Diagram 39

What is the number of chromosome in the parent cell?

A2 C8
B4 D 16
(Percubaan MRSM 2014)

54 Diagram 40 shows an organelle found in a cell.

Diagram 40

Which of the following process takes place in this organelle?

A Respiration C Lipid synthesis


B Photosynthesis D Energy production

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55 Diagram 41 shows the specialisation of plant cells which leads to formation of tissue
X.

Diagram 41

What is tissue X?

A Epidermis C Xylem
B Guard cell D Phloem

56 Diagram 42 shows a type of tissue.

Diagram 42
Which organelle is found in abundance in the tissues as shown above?

A Golgi apparatus C Lisosome


B Mitochondria D Ribosome

57 Diagram 43 shows the structure of plasma membrane.

Diagram 43

What is the main component of P and Q?

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58 A stalk of mustard green is cut longitudinally into four equal strips. All the strips were immersed
for 30 minutes in sucrose solution of different concentrations.
Which strip was immersed in hypotonic solutions?

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59 The graph shows the result of an experiment to determine the concentration of the cell
sap of potato.

At which point A, B, C or D, the concentration of sucrose solution is hypertonic to the


cell sap of potato ?

60 Diagram 43.1 shows a set up of apparatus to study the action of pepsin on protein.
Diagram 43.2 shows the result of the experiment after one hour.

Diagram 43.1

Diagram 43.2

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The experiment in diagram 4.1 is repeated for different temperature which is 35oC,
40oC and 60oC using 4 ml of 1% pepsin.
Which of the following is the result of the experiment after one hour in temperature
60 oC?

61 Diagram 44 shows changes of a protein structure causes by factor X .

Diagram 44

What is factor X ?
A Temperature 1 0oC C Temperature 37 oC
B Temperature 27oC D Temperature 60oC

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62 Diagram 45 shows the action of enzyme to form a disaccharide.

Diagram 45
What is S and T ?

63 Diagram 46 shows a stage of cell division in an organism.

Diagram 46

Which statements are true?


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A The diploid number of this organism is 6


B The stage of the cell division is metaphase 1
C The haploid number of this organism is 4
D The stage of the cell division is prophase 1

64 Mitosis produces two genetically identical cells. Which of the followings involve mitosis?

A Formation of clon C Formation of pollen grain


B Formation of new species D Formation of sperm cells

65 Diagram 47 shows a type of techique used in the agricultural sector.

Diagram 47

What is the advantage of the techniqe process?

A To produce more healthier plants


B Maintains the genetic materials of the chromosome in the plants
C All the clones have different resistance towards diseases.
D Plant produced are differ from parents cell.

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66 Table 2 shows four type of cells that have undergone cell division and their chromosomal
numbers before and after the cell division.

Table 2

Which types of cells , A, B, C or D has undergoes meiosis?

(Modul peningkatan SPM Kedah 2014)

67 Diagram 48 shows an organelle of a cell.

Diagram 48

Which of the following processes occurs in this organelle ?

A Photosynthesis C Synthesis of enzyme


B Synthesis of protein D Generation of energy

68 The following information refers to organelle P.

What is organelle P ?

A Chloroplast C Golgi apparatus


B Mitochondrion D Endoplasmic reticulum

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69 Diagram 49 shows the model of plasma membrane.

Diagram 49
What is the part labelled Q?

A Carrier protein C Phospholipid


B Pore protein D Phospholipid bilayer

70 Which of the following processes involves osmosis?

A absorption of water by the root hair of plant


B absorption of glucose through the villi in the small intestine
C movement of sodium ions into the cells lining of the kidney tubules
D gaseous exchange between the alveoli and blood capillaries during respiration

71 Diagram 50 shows the lock and key hypothesis of enzyme reaction of lipase.

Diagram 50

Which of the following is represented by X, Y and Z?

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X Y Z
A enzyme enzyme-substrate complex Product

B Lipid Lipase enzyme-substrate


complex

C Lipase Lipid glycerol and fatty acid

D substrate enzyme product

72 Diagram 51 shows a type of molecular structure of protein.

Diagram 51

What is the type of the structure ?

A primary structure C tertiary structure


B secondary structure D quarternary structure

73 Diagram 52 shows the cell cycle.

Diagram 52

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At which stage accumulation of energy occurs ?

A G1 C S
B G2 D M

74 Which of the following human cells is produced through meiosis?

A muscle cell
B nerves cell
C Epithelial cell
D Secondary oocyte
(Percubaan Terengganu 2014)

75 Diagram 53 shows a plant cell.

Diagram 53

What is organelle Y?
A Ribosome B Golgi body
C Rough endoplasmic reticulum D Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

76 Diagram 54 shows an organelle X in a plant cell.

Diagram 54

Which of the following is true about X.

A Synthesis lipid
B Synthesis glucose
C Generate energy
D Transport protein

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77 Diagram 55 shows a cross section of an organ in human.

Diagram 55

Which of the following is main function of the organ


i. Osmoregulation
ii. Regulating the body temperature
iii. Regulating blood glucose level
iv. Excretory organ

A I and II C II and IV

B I and III D III and IV

78 Diagram 56 shows root hair in soil. What is the process involved in the movement of ion X into
root hairs?

Diagram 56

A. Osmosis
B. Simple diffusion
C. Facilitated diffusion
D. Active transport

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79 Diagram 57 shows four plant cells which have been put in solution X

Diagram 57

Which of the following is true about the condition of the cell in solution X?
A Flaccid B Haemolisis
C Turgid D Crenation

80 Diagram 58 shows the movement of molecule Y across the plasma membrane. Which of the
following statement is true.

Diagram 58

A Movement of molecule Y through pore protein


B Movement of molecule Y down the concentration gradient
C Movement of molecule Y does not need energy
D Movement of molecule Y against concentration gradient and need energy.

81 Which of following is inorganic compound?

A Protein C Water
B Lipid D Nucleic acid

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82 Diagram 59 shows the optimum pH of enzyme X and Y and its reaction.

Diagram 59

What are the enzyme X and enzyme Y?

X Y

A
Amylase Pepsin

B
Trypsin Renin

C
Pepsin Trypsin

D
Renin Amylase

83 The following are four structures that can be found in the cell.

Choose the correct arrangement in the production of extracellular enzyme.

A Ribosome RER Golgi apparatus Transport vesicle


B Golgi apparatus Ribosome Transport vesicle RER
C Ribosome RER Transport vesicle Golgi apparatus
D RER Ribosome Transport vesicle Golgi apparatus

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ULANGKAJI BERFOKUS SPM PANITIA BIOLOGI

84

Suggest the best method to remove the hair and clean the animal skin
A Immerse in enzyme
B Immerse in the boiling water
C Immerse in the vinegar
D Expose under direct sunlight

85 G1, S, G2, and M in the Diagram 8 shows the phases of a cell cycle.

Diagram 60

Which of the following is correct about S phase?

A Accumulation of energy
B Synthesis of DNA
C Synthesis of organelle
D Mitosis and cytokinesis

86 The diploid chromosomes number of a horse is 64. If one of the homologous chromosomes pairs
does not separate during Meiosis I, how many chromosomes can be found in the gametes?

A 32 B 33

C 64 D 128

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87 Diagram 61 shows cell division in a soma cell of a plant.

Diagram 61

What causes the cell division occurs rapidly?

I Pruning the tree


II Water the plant more
III Put some fertilizer
IV Expose to constant light intensity

A I, II B I, III
C II, IV D III , IV
(Percubaan Kelantan 2014)

88 Diagram 62 shows an animal cell.

Diagram 62

What is P and Q?

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ULANGKAJI BERFOKUS SPM PANITIA BIOLOGI

89 The following informations refer to organelle X.

What is organelle X?

A Lysosome C Golgi body


B Ribosome D Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

90 Which one is connective tissue?

91 Diagram 63 shows an experiment to investigate the movement of substance across the


visking tubing.

Diagram 63

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What is the process occur in diagram 63?

A Osmosis C Facilitated diffusion


B Active transport D Facilitated transport

92 Diagram 64 shows the movement of X molecule across the plasma membrane through
process of Y.

Diagram 64

What is process of Y?

A Osmosis C Active transport


B Simple diffusion D Facilitated diffusion

93 The following detail explain a type of movement of molecules across the plasma
membrane.

The molecule move follows the concentration gradient with


the aid of carrier protein and do not need energy

What is the type of movement?

A Osmosis C Simple diffusion


B Active transport D Facilitated diffusion

94 Diagram 65 shows a substrate and enzyme structure.

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ULANGKAJI BERFOKUS SPM PANITIA BIOLOGI

Diagram 65
Which from A, B, C or D is active sites?

95 The graph shows a relationship between the rate of reaction and the concentration of
substrate when a Y factor is change.

What is factor of Y?

A pH C Inhibitor
B Time D Enzyme concentration

96 Hormone such as testosterone and oestrogen are lipids. What are the type of lipid in
these hormone?

A Wax C Steroid
B Fats D Phospholipid

97 Which of the following is not true about the stage in mitosis?

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98 Diagram 66 shows a process of P, Q, R and S occur during mitosis in cells.

Diagram 66

Which of the following shows the correct sequence for mitosis?

99 What is the phase for synthesise and DNA replication?

A G1 C G2
BS DM

100 The number of diploid chromosomes for a cat is 38. If one pair of homologous
chromosome does not separate during Meiosis 1, how many chromosomes can be found
in a gamete?

A 18 C 37
B 19 D 38
(Percubaan Johor 2014)

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ULANGKAJI BERFOKUS SPM PANITIA BIOLOGI

SKEMA PEMARKAHAN

ULANGKAJI BERFOKUS SPM 2015

THEME : CELL AS A BASIC UNIT OF LIVING THINGS

1 D 7 C 13 A 19 C 25 C
2 A 8 A 14 D 20 A 26 A
3 A 9 C 15 B 21 D 27 D
4 D 10 A 16 A 22 B 28 B
5 B 11 B 17 B 23 B 29 D
6 D 12 C 18 C 24 D 30 C

31 B 41 C 51 A 61 D 71 C
32 A 42 C 52 A 62 B 72 B
33 C 43 B 53 B 63 B 73 B
34 D 44 D 54 B 64 A 74 D
35 B 45 C 55 C 65 B 75 B
36 B 46 D 56 B 66 A 76 B
37 D 47 D 57 C 67 A 77 C
38 A 48 C 58 D 68 B 78 D
39 D 49 B 59 D 69 D 79 A
40 D 50 C 60 D 70 A 80 D

81 C 87 B 93 D 99 B
82 C 88 B 94 C 100 A
83 C 89 A 95 D
84 A 90 C 96 C
85 B 91 A 97 C
86 B 92 D 98 B

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