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for 4 Year B Tech Degree Course (Semester System) w.e.f 2007 – 2008
DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
SIDDHARTHA ENGINEERING COLLEGE
(Sponsored by Siddhartha Academy of General & Technical Education)
VIJAYAWADA – 520 007
Siddhartha Engineering College
(Approved by AICTE, Accredited by NBA, and ISO 9001: 2000 Certified) (An Autonomous College under the Jurisdiction of Acharya Nagarjuna University)
Vijayawada – 520 007
Academic Regulations for Autonomous Stream w.e.f: 2007-2008
(Common to all branches)
1. Introduction 2. Programmes Offered (Under Graduate) 3. Eligibility Criteria for Admission 4. Programme Structure 5. Duration of the Programme 6. Medium of Instruction 7. Syllabus 8. Promotion Regulations & Condonation 9. Examinations and Scheme of Evaluation 10. 11. Supplementary Examinations Conditions for promotion, Pass and Award of Credits,
Grades and Grade points 12. Revaluation 13. Readmission Criteria 14. Break Study 15. 16. 17. Eligibility for award of B.Tech. Degree Improvement of class / CGPA Award of rank
18. Instant examination 19. Conduct and discipline 20. Malpractices 21. Other matters 22. Amendments to Regulations
Academic Programmes of the institute are governed by rules and regulations as approved by the Academic Council, which is the highest Academic body of the Institute. These academic rules and regulations are effective from the academic year 2007-08, for students admitted into four year undergraduate programme offered by the college leading to Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) degree in the disciplines viz., Civil Engineering, Computer Science and Engineering, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, Information Technology, and Mechanical Engineering. 1.1 Each academic year shall be divided into two semesters, each of 20 weeks duration, including instruction, evaluation, declaration of results etc. Each semester, normally consists a minimum of 90 instruction days with at least 30 to 35 contact periods per week.
Programmes Offered (Under Graduate)
Presently, the college is offering following disciplines:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
Under Graduate B.Tech degree programmes in the (CE) (CS) (EC) (EE) (EI) (IT) (ME)
Civil Engineering Computer Science and Engineering Electronics and Communication Engineering Electrical and Electronics Engineering Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering Information Technology Mechanical Engineering
ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR ADMISSION
The eligibility criteria for admission into engineering programmes shall be as mentioned below: • The candidate shall be of Indian National. • The candidate should have completed 16 years of age as on 31st December of the academic year for which the admissions are being conducted. • The Candidate should have passed the qualifying examination (10+2) or equivalent on the date of admission. • Seats in each programme in the Institution are classified into CATEGORY A (80% of intake), and CATEGORY B (20% of intake).
3.1 CATEGORY – A Seats: • • • The candidate shall be of Indian National The candidate should have completed 16 years of age as on 31st December of the Academic year for which the admissions are being conducted. The candidate should have passed the qualifying examination (10+2) or equivalent on the date of his/her counseling for admission and secured the rank at the Common Entrance Test (EAMCET) conducted by the State and also satisfy other conditions laid down in the G.O.s.
2.curricular participation • NSS • NCC • Social Service • Rural development • Yoga • Educational tour • Summer Term Course • Practice School • Personality development programme >= 24 >= 24 >= 08 >= 75 >= 16 = 08 >= 05 >= 03 . 7. 1974 as subsequently amended.Tech programme will be placed in one of the following categories listed in Table 1. based on the rank secured by the candidate at Engineering Common Entrance Test (ECET (FDH)) in accordance with the instructions received from the Convener. 3. 5% seats are available to candidates from other states and Union Territories of India who have passed the qualifying examination and secured rank in AIEEE. 4. 6. 8. 3. PROGRAMME STRUCTURE Every course of the B. Vacant seats. Sl. The candidate should have completed 16 years of age as on 31st December of the Academic year for which the admissions are being conducted.2 CATEGORY . 3.No Courses Minimum Credit Requirements 1. 5.• The candidate should satisfy Local/Non-Local status requirement as laid down in the Andhra Pradesh Educational Institutions (Regulation of Admissions) Order. may be filled with eligible candidates including those securing not less than 60% of aggregate marks or 60% in Group subjects in the qualifying examination. Basic Science Core Courses Basic Engineering Sciences Courses Humanities and Social Sciences Courses Programme Core Courses Elective Courses Department/Programme Major Project Mandatory learning courses Student Practice Courses*: • Research orientation • Industry practice • Self learning • Co-curricular participation • Extra. 15% of Category B seats are available to NRI candidates who have passed the qualifying examination with not less than 60% of aggregate marks or Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) equivalent to 6 on a scale of 10.3 CATEGORY: Lateral Entry • • 10 percent of the candidates shall be admitted into the Third semester directly.B Seats : • • • • • The candidate shall be of Indian National or a Non-Resident Indian. 4. if any. ECET and Government of Andhra Pradesh. The candidate shall also satisfy any other eligibility requirements stipulated by the Acharya Nagarjuna University and / or the Government of Andhra Pradesh from time to time.
as per Table No. First two digits are described in Table 2.2 Course code and Course Numbering Scheme Course Numbers are denoted by six digit unique alpha numeric characters. 4 FIFTH DIGIT 0 5 DESCRIPTION Theory course Lab course Table 4 : Course type description . The recommended composition of courses differs from one branch to another.Tech programme from the academic year 2007-08.• • Students will have to participate and earn a minimum of 3 credits during the entire tenure of the degree. Each practice course will earn 1 credit Table 1 : Categories of Courses 4. Fourth digit represents the syllabus revision number of the course.1 Curriculum plan and Scheme of instruction A common curriculum plan is devised for all first year students admitted into the first year B. FIFTH DIGIT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 DESCRIPTION First Semester Second Semester Third Semester Fourth Semester Fifth Semester Sixth Semester Seventh Semester Eight Semester Table 3: Third digit description Fifth digit represents course type. 4. 3. First Two Digits BT CE CS EC EE EI IT ME Name of the Department First and Second semester Civil Engineering Department Computer Science and Engineering Department Electronics & Communication Engineering Department Electrical & Electronics Engineering Department Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering Department Information Technology Department Mechanical Engineering Department Table 2 : First and second digits description Third digit represents semester of offering as mentioned in Table No.
the course syllabus revision number is (0). The Course Credits are broadly fixed based on the following norms: • • Lectures / Tutorials -One period per week is assigned one credit. CS 4051 course.2 below.3-peroid session per week is assigned 2 credits Practical . the course syllabus revision number (0). as given in figure. 4. the course is of theory type (0) and the course number in that semester (5). offered in the fourth semester (4). and ME for I/IV First and Second Semesters. BT 1005 course. Scheme of instruction is common for Group A branches comprising of CSE. In case of odd number of periods (X) per week are assigned X/2 + 0. EEE. • • . 3rd and 4th Years • • • The scheme of instruction and exact syllabi of all undergraduate programmes are given separately.Sixth digit represents course number as described in Figure 1 below. the course is offered in the first semester (1). Practice course / Mini project having even number of periods (X) per week are assigned X/2 credits. the course is of lab type (5) and the course number is (1).3 Scheme of Instruction for 1st . B T 1 0 0 5 First year Course Semester Number Version Number Course Type Course Number Figure 1 : Course code description for courses For example. 2nd. few courses are given distinct codes.2-period session per week is assigned 1 credit.5 credits.4 Contact Hours and Credits Every Course comprises of specific Lecture-Tutorial-Practical (L-T-P) Schedule. EIE and IT for I/IV First and Second Semesters. Practical . Scheme Scheme of instruction is common for Group B branches comprising of CE. However. the course is offered in Computer Science and Engineering Department (CS). C S 4 0 5 1 Department Semester Version Course Course Code Number Number Type Number Figure 2 : Course code description for courses 4. ECE. For example.
4. • 5. 4. having shortage of attendance. 6. the course instructor(s) shall deal with the concepts of the course. held in every course as the denominator and the total number of periods attended by the student in all the courses.7 Programme Credits • Each discipline of B. practical and project work as the case may be. MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION The medium of instruction and examination is English. For certain courses. tutorials. Only such students are eligible to appear for the External Examination in that practical / practice / drawing course. A student is permitted to complete the undergraduate programme in a stipulated time frame of 8 years from the date of joining. 8. . 8.2 A student. Students joining the undergraduate programme in the second year first semester directly through Lateral Entry System (LES) shall have to complete all the credits excluding first year credits. and the student shall have to complete the courses and earn credits as prescribed by concerned BOS.• • Major project shall have 8 credits However. subject to a minimum of Rs 100/-.1 Students. who does not satisfy the attendance requirement.5 Theory / Tutorial classes Each course is prescribed with fixed number of lecture periods per week. to give exercises to the students and to closely monitor their learning ability. DURATION OF THE PROGRAMME The duration of the programme is four academic years consisting of eight semesters. shall pay Rs 3. as the numerator.Tech programme is designed to have a total of 210 to 235 credits. SYLLABUS (Enclosed at the end of this document) PROMOTION REGULATIONS AND CONDONATION Regular course of study means a minimum average attendance of 75% in all the courses computed by totaling the number of periods of lectures. Students joining the undergraduate programme in the third semester directly through lateral Entry System (LES) shall have to complete the programme in a stipulated time frame of 6 years from the date of joining. tutorial periods are prescribed. drawing.00/-per period of absence. some courses are prescribed with fixed number of credits depending on the subject complexity and importance. shall have to repeat that semester. 4. During lecture periods.6 Laboratory / practical / practice classes A minimum prescribed number of experiments / drawings / jobs / programs have to be performed by the students. Condonation of shortage in attendance may be recommended on genuine medical grounds. 8. provided the student puts in at least 65% attendance as calculated above and provided the principal is satisfied with the genuineness of the reasons and the conduct of the student. 7. who shall complete these in all respects and get the record certified by the concerned Head of the Department.
EXAMINATIONS AND SCHEME OF EVALUATION 9. Practicals which do not have External Examinations: 9. S.1 Theory Courses which have External Examinations. No 1 2 3 Attendance Range Attendance of 75% and above but less than 80% Attendance of 80% and above but less than 90% Attendance of 90% and above Marks Awarded 3 Marks 4 Marks 5 Marks Table 5: Attendance based marks system b) Two mid term examinations each for 15 marks will be conducted in every theory course in a semester. Attendance 5 marks Assignments 1/3 of (x-5) Mid term examinations 2/3 of (x-5) ‘x’ denotes the maximum internal marks allotted. will be conducted for 10 marks.1. a) 5 marks in each theory course shall be given for those students who put in attendance in a graded manner as given in Table 5.3 Practicals which have External Examinations: • Each lab course is evaluated for 25 marks which shall be awarded based on the day-today laboratory / class-work assessment including submission of record (10 marks) and laboratory examinations & Quiz / Viva-voce (15 marks).2 Theory Courses which do not have External Examinations: Marks earmarked for conducting the theory examinations are given in the following table. The mid term marks shall be awarded giving a weightage of 10 marks out of 15 earmarked for mid term examinations (2/3rd) in which the student scores more marks and the remaining 5 marks (1/3rd) for the mid term examination in which the student scores less marks. .1. to be eligible to write external examinations.1.8.3 A minimum of 40% aggregate marks must be secured by the candidates in the internal examinations conducted for those theory and lab courses which have external examinations. 9.1. • Each course is evaluated for 30 marks (a+b+c). Assignment tests / online tests /seminars / projects quizzes / home assignments / surprise tests / open book tests etc.4 Marks earmarked for conducting the practical examinations are given in the following table. 9. c) 9.1 Internal Examinations: 9.
11. Each Theory course shall consist of four units of syllabus. subject to a minimum of 50% marks in external examination. and 50% aggregate marks (Internal and external marks put together) in each Practical course. 10. SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATIONS • • • Supplementary examinations will be conducted along with regular semester end examinations.2 External Examinations 9. Each question carries 15 marks. Supplementary examinations will be conducted in the equivalent courses as prescribed by concerned BOS. 9.Day to Day Assessment 2/3 of x marks Online test/Seminars/Projects quizzes/Home assignments/Surprise tests/Open book tests etc. 1/3 of x marks ‘x’ denotes the maximum internal marks allotted.1 Theory Courses: 70 marks • The external examination shall be conducted at the end of the semester.2 • • Lab Courses (Practical / Practice / Workshop)/Drawing: 50 marks 35 marks are allotted for experiments/job works and 15 marks are allotted for viva-voce examination in case of lab courses. The question paper shall be given in the following pattern : • • Part–A: Shall contain 10 one mark questions. will have to reappear the end semester internal examinations conducted in subsequent semesters.2. c) On passing a course(s) of a programme the student shall earn the credits assigned to that course(s).2 Method of Awarding Letter grades and grade points . Supplementary examinations will be conducted to a maximum number of four continuous attempts subsequent to the revision of the syllabus.1 Conditions for pass and award of credits: a) A student shall be declared to have passed in individual course(s) if he/she secures a minimum of 40% aggregate marks(Internal and external marks put together) in each theory course. GRADES AND GRADE POINTS 11. A minimum of two Questions will be given from each unit of the syllabus out of four units as prescribed by concerned BOS.2. 50 marks are allotted for End Semester Drawing Examination. 9. subject to a minimum of 40% marks in external examination. thereafter. b) The student has to pass the failed course(s) by appearing the supplementary examinations. CONDITIONS FOR PASS AND AWARD OF CREDITS. 11. NOTE: Candidates. Part–B: There shall be two questions from each unit with internal choice. who secure less than 40% marks in Courses (Theory/Experimental / Workshop / Practice / Study) which don’t have external examinations.
Tech degree with the class as mentioned in the Table 7 given below.0 >= 6.0 and <7. The student is eligible for the award of the B.00 * Not Appeared the N Absent exam(s) * The student has to pass in the subsequent examinations Table 6: Method of Awarding Absolute Grades and Grade Points 11. Grades and grade points are assigned as per the Table 6.00 8. The SGPA is calculated as below: SGPA = ∑(CR x GP) ∑CR (for all courses passed in a semester) GP = Grade points awarded for a course Where CR = Credits of a course. 11. Marks obtained >= 85 < 85 and >= 75 <75 and >= 65 < 65 and >= 55 < 55 and >= 40 < 40 Grade A+ A B C D F Description of grade Excellent Very Good Good Fair Pass class Fail Grade Points (GP) 10. based on his/her performance evaluated through the prescribed scheme of evaluation.00 4.0 and < 6. Calculation of Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) for Entire Programme.0 >= 5.1 Method of awarding absolute grades and grade points The absolute grading method is followed.2.A Letter grade and grade points will be awarded to a student in each course including a laboratory course.3 Calculation of Semester Grade Points Average (SGPA)* The performance of each student at the end of the each semester is indicated in terms of SGPA. CGPA >= 7.0 Class First class with Distinction First class Second Class Pass class Table 7: Award of class based on CGPA . 11. based on the total marks obtained in internal and external examinations. The CGPA is calculated as below: CGPA = __ ∑(CR x GP) ∑CR _ (for entire programme) Where CR= Credits of a course GP = Grade points awarded for a course The CGPA is awarded only when the student passes in all the courses prescribed for the programme.4 * SGPA is calculated and awarded for the candidates who pass all the courses in a semester.0 < 5.00 6.0 9.
However. in autonomous pattern. Minimum Credits Required For admission into III year 1st Semester For IV year B. exemption will be given to those candidates who have already passed in such courses.5 Transitory Regulations A candidate. the student has to clear all his first year backlog subjects by appearing the supplementary examinations. conducted by Acharya Nagarjuna University and courses prescribed in II.Tech Candidates 60 90 For lateral entry candidates 60 IV Year 1st Semester Table 8: Promotion criteria 11. detained due to lack of academics/attendance at the end of the second semester of second year and also at the subsequent semesters. shall join with the autonomous batch at the appropriate semester.1 A student who is following the Acharya Nagarjuna University curriculum. The class will be awarded based on the academic performance of a student in the ANU pattern and academic regulations of ANU will be followed. in which the student joins. exemption will be given in all those courses of the semester(s) of the batch. Such candidates will be considered on par with lateral entry candidates of autonomous stream and will be governed by the regulations applicable to lateral entry candidates. Such students will study all the courses prescribed for that batch. if he/she satisfies minimum attendance requirements as stipulated. who is detained or discontinued in the semester. III & IV years in Autonomous stream for the award of Degree.7 Grade Card The grade card issued shall contain the following: a) b) c) d) The credits for each course offered in that semester The marks obtained in each course in that semester The letter grade obtained in each course The grade points allotted for each course .2 A student who is following the Acharya Nagarjuna University curriculum.5. However. The student has to clear all his backlog subjects by appearing the supplementary examinations conducted by Acharya Nagarjuna University up to the semester the student joins in and Autonomous stream their after for the award of Degree.Tech programme.Tech programme. detained due to lack of academics/attendance at the end of the first semester of second year. which the candidate joins now. 11. 11.6 Conditions for Promotion A student shall be eligible for promotion to II/IV B.11. shall join the autonomous batch of Second Year first semester. A student shall be eligible for promotion to III/IV / IV/IV B. Such candidates shall be required to pass in all the courses in the programme prescribed by concerned BOS in Autonomous stream to be eligible for the award of degree. 11. However. The first year marks shall not be converted to course credits. if he/she satisfies the minimum required attendance as stipulated and should acquire the minimum number of credits as per Table 8. The class will be awarded based on the academic performance of a student excluding the first year. which he/she had passed earlier.5. in the earlier semester(s). on readmission shall be required to pass all the courses in the curriculum prescribed for such batch of students in which the student joins subsequently.
Degree shall be conferred on a candidate who has satisfied the following requirements. 15. shall revalue the answer script(s).Tech. BREAK IN STUDY Student. other than the first examiner. Such candidates shall follow the transitory regulations applicable to such batch in which he/she joins. can get readmission into appropriate semester of B. who is detained in a semester due to lack of attendance/marks. ELIGIBILITY FOR AWARD OF B. However.8 Memorandum of Marks The Memorandum of Marks issued to the student at the end of the semester shall contain the following: a) The internal marks scored by the student in each course b) The external marks scored by the student in each course c) The total marks scored by the student in each course 12. 15. Degree Programme of the institute pursued the course of study for not less than four academic years in case of candidate who joins the programme after 10 + 2 and not less than 3 academic years in case of the candidate who joins through lateral entry category.2 The candidate must have satisfied the conditions for pass in all the subjects/courses prescribed for that student as stipulated in regulation 11. 14. DEGREE The B. • REVALUATION The students can submit the applications for revaluation. for the purpose of improving the aggregate and the class.3 . after admission into B. • • 13. The Controller of Examinations shall arrange for revaluation of those answer script(s).1 A candidate. has to obtain written permission from the Principal for readmission into the same semester after duly fulfilling all the required norms stipulated by the college in addition to paying the required fee . A new external examiner.Tech programme after break-in study only with the prior permission of the Acharya Nagarjuna University provided the break period does not exceed three years. after becoming eligible for the award of the Degree.2 16.TECH. may reappear for the external Examination in any of the theory courses as and when conducted. if he/she is not satisfied with marks obtained. Candidates shall not be permitted to reappear either for Sessional Examination or for external Examinations in Practical courses (including Project Viva-voce) for the purpose of improvement. READMISSION CRITERIA A candidate.e) The SGPA/CGPA f) Total number of credits earned by the student up to the end of that semester 11. BETTERMENT/IMPROVEMENT OF CLASS / GPA 16. A single Marks Statement shall be issued to the candidate after incorporating the marks/grades secured in subsequent improvements. 15. 16. who discontinues the studies for what so ever may be the reason.1 The candidate must have. within 6 working days from the date of announcement of marks / declaration of results along with the revaluation fee receipt to the Principal for revaluation of his/her answer script(s) of theory course(s). 16.Tech. But this reappearance shall be within a period of two academic years after becoming eligible for the award of the Degree. this facility shall not be availed of by a candidate who has taken the Original Degree Certificate.
16. the punishment may be reprimand. For the purpose of awarding rank in each branch. disallowing the use of certain facilities of the Institute.4 18. AWARD OF RANK The rank shall be awarded based on the following: 17. Any other act of gross indiscipline as decided by the academic council from time to time. Mutilation or unauthorized possession of library books. • CONDUCT AND DISCIPLINE Students shall conduct themselves within and outside the premises of the Institute in a manner befitting the students of our Institution. INSTANT EXAMINATION Candidate(s). expulsion from the institute / hostel. secured at the first attempt only shall be considered. 17.2 Ranks shall be awarded in each branch of study for the top ten students appearing for the Regular external Examinations. Usage of camera cell phones in the campus. Candidates. Lack of courtesy and decorum.3 17. can appear for Instant examination. 17.4 A consolidated Marks Statement shall be issued to the candidate indicating the CGPA along with the Provisional Certificate. consumption or distribution of alcoholic drinks or any kind of narcotics or hallucinogenic drugs. conducted within 15 days after declaration of the revaluation results. Commensurate with the gravity of offense. scholarships. The following acts of omission and/or commission shall constitute gross violation of the code of conduct and are liable to invoke disciplinary measures with regard to ragging. i. ii. Plagiarism of any nature.1 17. • • • • • • • • • • . Only such candidates who pass the Final year examination at the end of the fourth academic year after admission as regular final year students along with the others in their batch and become eligible for the award of the Degree shall be eligible for the award of rank. fine. Hacking in computer systems (such as entering into other person’s areas without prior permission. or any other Honors shall be based on the rank secured by a candidate. who failed in one Theory or Lab course of IVth year IInd semester. As per the order of Honorable Supreme Court of India. rustication for a specified period or even outright expulsion from the Institute. Award of prizes. indecent behavior any where within or outside the campus. Any form of ragging will be severely dealt with. debarment from a examination. Willful damage or distribution of alcoholic drinks or any kind of narcotics or of fellow students/citizens. 19. or even handing over the case to appropriate law enforcement authorities or the judiciary. consistent with the desire of the Donor. the aggregate of marks (Internal + External) of all courses (put together) in all the four years. Possession. manipulation and/or damage of computer hardware and software or any other cyber crime etc. Noisy and unseemly behavior. as required by the circumstances. wherever applicable. disturbing studies of fellow students. ragging in any form is considered as a criminal offence and is banned. who loose one or more years of study for any reason whatsoever are not eligible for the award of rank.
revise. in consultation with the Programmes Committee in an appropriate manner. Candidates who failed to register for all papers for the semester-end examinations shall not be permitted to continue the subsequent semester. • For an offence committed in (i) a hostel (ii) a department or in a class room and (iii) elsewhere. shall be reported to the academic council for ratification. which is not covered under these rules and regulations. shall be reported to the Academic council. against the erring students basing on the recommendations of the committee. from time to time. shall have the authority to reprimand or impose fine. MALPRACTICES The Principal shall refer the cases of malpractices in internal assessment tests and Semester-End Examinations. valuing examination papers and preparing/keeping records of documents relating to the examinations in such acts (inclusive of providing incorrect or misleading information) that infringe upon the course of natural justice to one and all concerned at the examination shall be viewed seriously and recommended for award of appropriate punishment after thorough enquiry. Such committee shall follow the approved scales of punishment. The Principal shall deal with any academic problem. possibly requiring punishment other than reprimand. All cases of serious offence. the Head of the Department and the principal respectively. or derive the same through unfair means is punishable according to the provisions contained hereunder.2 22. the chief Warden. amend. . who are in charge of conducting examinations. or change the regulations. Any emergency modification of regulation. and recommend disciplinary action based on the nature and extent of the offence committed. • 21. approved by the academic council earlier. “Grievance and Redressal Committee” (General) constituted by the principal shall deal with all grievances pertaining to the academic / administrative /disciplinary matters. OTHER MATTERS 21. and subsequently such actions shall be placed before the academic council for ratification. Registration means obtaining a hall ticket for the said examination.• • • • • • • 20. shall be the authority to investigate the details of the offence. 21. All the students must abide by the code and conduct rules of the college. The involvement of the Staff. Cases of adoption of unfair means and/or any malpractice in an examination shall be reported to the principal for taking appropriate action. The Principal shall take necessary action. The Institute Level Standing Disciplinary Action Committee constituted by the academic council. constituted by him/her for the purpose. AMENDMENTS TO REGULATIONS The Academic council may. to a Malpractice Enquiry Committee.1 The physically challenged candidates who have availed additional examination time during their Intermediate/EAMCET examinations will be given additional examination time on production of relevant proof/documents. Any action on the part of candidate at an examination trying to get undue advantage in the performance at examinations or trying to help another. and/or syllabi. schemes of examinations.
V R SIDDHARTHA ENGINEERING COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING I/IV B.Tech SEMESTER-1 w. Subject Lectur e Tutori al Lab/ Practic e Credit s Maximum Marks Intern al Extern al Total Marks Engineering BT 1001 BT 1002(P) BT 1003(E) BT 1004 BT 1005 BT 1051(P) BT 1052 BT1053(G ) Mathematics – I Physics Technical English & Communicatio n skills Engineering Mechanics-I Introduction to Computers & Programming Physics Lab Computer Practice Lab Engineering Graphics TOTAL 3 2 4 30 70 100 4 - - 4 30 70 100 2 - 2 3 30 70 100 3 2 - 4 30 70 100 3 2 17 04 3 4 6 15 3 2 2 5 27 30 25 25 25 225 70 50 50 50 500 100 75 75 75 725 .f 2007-2008 Periods per week Code No.e.
Tech SEMESTER-2 w.e.f 2007-2008 Periods per week Code No.V R SIDDHARTHA ENGINEERING COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING I/IV B. Subject Lectur e Tutori al Lab/ Practic e Credit s Maximum Marks Intern al Extern al Total Marks Engineering BT2001 BT2002(C ) BT2003(B ) BT2004 BT2005 BT2006 BT2051(C ) BT2052 BT2053( W) Mathematics – II Chemistry Basics of Civil & Mechanical Engineering Engineering Mechanics-II C & Data Structures Professional Ethics Chemistry Lab C & Data Structures Lab Work shop Practice TOTAL 3 2 4 30 70 100 4 4 - - 4 4 30 30 70 70 100 100 3 3 2 19 2 2 06 3 4 4 11 4 4 2 2 2 2 28 30 30 25 25 25 25 250 70 70 50 50 50 500 100 100 25 75 75 75 750 .
EC 3001 EC 3002 EC 3003 EC 3004 EC 3005 EC 3006 EC 3007 EC 3051 EC 3052 Subject Engineering Mathematics-III Circuit Theory Signals & 4 Systems Electronic Devices Probability and Random Variables Electrical Technology Environmental Studies Electronic Devices Lab Electrical Engineering Lab TOTAL 3 4 4 3 27 1 02 3 3 06 4 4 4 2 2 2 30 1 4 Lectur e 5 4 Tutori al Lab/ Practic e Credit s 4 4 Maximum Marks Intern al 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 25 25 260 Extern al 70 70 70 70 70 70 70 50 50 590 Total Marks 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 075 075 850 .e.f 2007-2008 Periods per week Code No.Tech SEMESTER .I w.V R SIDDHARTHA ENGINEERING COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING II/IV B.
Tech SEMESTER-II w. Subject Periods per week Lectur e EC 4001 EC 4002 EC 4003 EC 4004 EC 4005 EC 4006 EC 4051 EC 4052 EC 4053 Mathematics-IV Digital Electronics Electromagnetic Waves Electronic circuits-I Electronic Measurements & Instrumentation Analog Communications Electronic circuits & Digital Electronics Lab Analog Communication Lab Communication Skills Lab TOTAL= 5 4 4 4 4 4 25 Tutori al 1 1 02 Lab/ Practic e 3 3 3 09 4 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 2 30 Credit s Maximum Marks Intern Extern al al 30 30 30 30 30 30 25 25 25 255 70 70 70 70 70 70 50 50 -520 Total Marks 100 100 100 100 100 100 075 075 025 775 .e.f 2007-2008 Code No.V R SIDDHARTHA ENGINEERING COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING II/IV B.
e.f 2007-2008 Code No.V R SIDDHARTHA ENGINEERING COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING III/IV B. Subject Periods per week Lectur e Tutori al 1 1 02 Lab/ Practic e 3 3 3 09 Credit s Maximum Marks Intern Extern al al 30 30 30 30 30 30 25 25 25 255 70 70 70 70 70 70 50 50 50 570 Total Marks EC 5001 EC 5002 EC 5003 EC 5004 EC 5005 EC 5006 EC 5051 EC 5052 EC 5053 Linear Control Systems Transmission lines & Wave guides Electronic Circuits-II Computer Organization Linear IC’s & Applications Communication Systems Simulation Lab Linear Integrated Circuits Lab Mini Project TOTAL= 4 4 4 4 4 4 24 4 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 2 30 100 100 100 100 100 100 075 075 075 825 .Tech SEMESTER-I w.
Subject Periods per week Lectur e EC 6001 EC 6002 EC 6003 EC 6004 EC 6005 EC 6006 EC 6051 EC 6052 EC 6053 Digital Communications Microprocessors & Interfacing Digital signal Processing Industrial Management Antennas & Wave Propagation VLSI System Design Microprocessors & Interfacing Lab Digital Communications Lab VLSI System Design Lab TOTAL= 4 4 4 4 4 4 24 Tutori al 1 1 02 Lab/ Practic e 3 3 3 09 4 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 2 30 Credit s Maximum Marks Intern Extern al al 30 30 30 30 30 30 25 25 25 255 70 70 70 70 70 70 50 50 50 520 Total Marks 100 100 100 100 100 100 075 075 075 775 .e.V R SIDDHARTHA ENGINEERING COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING III/IV B.Tech SEMESTER-II w.f 2007-2008 Code No.
EC 7006/4 Speech Processing Database Management Systems Computer Networks RF Circuit Design Digital Image Processing Artificial Neural networks EMI & EMC Mixed Signal Design .Tech SEMESTER-I w. EC 7005/1 2. EC 7005/4 ELECTIVE-II 1. EC 7006/2 3. EC 7005/2 3. EC 7006/3 4. EC 7006/1 2. EC 7005/3 4.e.V R SIDDHARTHA ENGINEERING COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING IV/IV B.f 2007-2008 Code No. Subject Periods per week Lectur e Tutori al 00 Lab/ Practic e 3 3 3 09 Credit s Maximum Marks Intern Extern al al 30 30 30 30 30 30 25 25 25 255 70 70 70 70 70 70 50 50 520 Total Marks EC 7001 EC 7002 EC 7003 EC 7004 EC 7005 EC 7006 EC 7051 EC 7052 EC 7053 Microwave Engineering Mobile & Cellular Communications Microcontrollers & Embedded Systems Radar & Navigational Aids Elective-I Elective-II Digital Signal Processing Lab Microcontrollers & Embedded Systems Lab Project Seminar TOTAL= 4 4 4 4 4 4 24 3 4 4 4 4 4 2 2 2 30 100 100 100 100 100 100 075 075 025 775 ELECTIVE –I 1.
EC 8003/2 3.f 2007-2008 Code No. EC 8004/4 DSP Processors & Architectures Data Communications Biomedical Engineering ANN Satellite Communications Wireless Communications & Networks Operating systems Adaptive Signal Processing . EC 8003/4 ELECTIVE-IV 1. EC 8003/1 2.V R SIDDHARTHA ENGINEERING COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS) ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING IV/IV B. EC 8003/3 4. EC 8004/3 4. EC 8004/2 3.Tech SEMESTER-II w. Subject Periods per week Lectur e Tutoria l 00 Lab/ Practic e 3 9 12 Credit s Maximum Marks Intern Extern al al 30 30 30 30 25 50 195 70 70 70 70 50 100 430 Total Mark s EC 8001 EC 8002 EC 8003 EC 8004 EC 8051 EC 8052 Telecommunicati on Switching Systems Optical Communications Elective-III Elective-IV Microwave & Optical Communication Lab Project TOTAL= 4 4 4 4 16 4 4 4 4 2 8 26 100 100 100 100 075 150 625 ELECTIVE-III 1. EC 8004/1 2.e.
Linear dependence and linear independence of vectors. normal form of a matrix. Applications to differential equations with constant coefficients. 37th edition . First & Second Shifting properties. Inversion.Khana Publishers. Cayley-Hamilton theorem (without proof).S. Solution of system of linear equations: Non homogeneous linear equations and homogeneous linear equations. Evaluation of integrals by Laplace Transform.IV Laplace Transforms: Definition and basic theory – Linearity property – condition for existence of Laplace transform. variable coefficients. Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Erwin Kreyszig. 8th edition . Unit step functions. Unit impulse function (Dirac delta function).R. Inverse of a matrix by elementary transformations(Gauss – Jordan method). Higher Engineering Mathematics by B. Dirac delta-function. Reduction to diagonal form – Modal matrix orthogonal transformation. New Delhi REFERENCE BOOK: 1. Grewal . Linear equations of higher order with constant coefficients – oscillations of a spring – L. Elementary transformations. Characteristic equation – Eigen values – Eigen vectors – properties of Eigen values. UNIT – II Ordinary differential equations – Formation – separable equations – exact equations – integrating factors – linear first order differential equations – Bernoulli’s equation . Transforms of periodic function. Nature of a quadratic form – Hermitian and skew-Hermitian matrices. Inverse of a matrix by using Cayley-Hamilton theorem. Periodic functions. Statistics: Normal distribution – Method of least squares – correlation – linear regression UNIT . Convolution and Duahamel formulae.orthogonal trajectories. simultaneous equations. Reduction of quadratic form to canonical form by orthogonal transformations.BT 1001: ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS – I (Common to All Branches) Lecture : 3 periods/week Internal Marks : 30 Tutorial : 0 periods/week External Marks : 70 Credits : 3 Exam Duration : 3hrs --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------UNIT – I Matrices: Rank of a matrix.Circuits. method of variation of parameters – equations reducible to linear equations – Cauchy’s homogeneous linear equation – Legendre’s linear equation simultaneous linear equations with constant coefficients. Echelon-form of a matrix. TEXT BOOK: 1. Differentiation and Integration of transforms. UNIT – III Linear dependence of solutions. Laplace Transform of derivatives and integrals.C.Wiley Publishers . Convolution Theorem.
–John Allison REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Circuit containing series LCR Circuit (Resonance condition). recording . limited source).types of optical fibers. Holography : Principle. Gauss’ law for magnetism. Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle and its applications (non. Superconductors: Critical parameters. Optoelectronic Devices: Qualitative treatment of Photo diode. Solid State Electronic Devices – B. line of charge.I Electricity and Electromagnetism Gauss’ law in electricity ( statement and proof) and it’s applications..Hall effect . Matter waves –De broglie’s hypothesis –Davisson & Germer experiment.Nuclear radiation detectors – GM counter . methods of diffusion( constant source.applications.Coulomb’s law from Gauss law.Srinivasan . Optical fibers: Structure of optical fiber . carrier drift .G. Maxwell equations(Qualitative treatment). electrical and mechanical properties – applications in electronics.Applications of lasers. Fiber Optics in communications and its advantages.Savart’s Law – B for a current carrying wire and a circular loop. LED . Qualitative treatment (without derivation) of Fermi Dirac distribution function and Fermi Energy level concept in semi conductors . one dimensional time independent Schrodinger’s wave equation –Physical significance of wave function –Particle in a box (one dimension) . non-conducting Infinite sheet . Introduction to nanotechnology: Nanomaterials. Physics Part I&II – Halliday and Resnick 2. UNIT . Numerical aperture. UNIT – IV Advanced Physics Lasers: Spontaneous emission. mechanisms of diffusion. Faraday’s law of induction – Lenz’s law – Induced electric fields. Finite width of spectral lines) .applications of superconductors. electromagnetic oscillations (quantitative) .R.High temperature superconductors. Engineering Physics –Gaur and Gupta 3. computer and medicine. stimulated emission – population inversion –Solid state (Ruby) laser –Gas (He-Ne) laser-semiconductor (Ga-As) laser. Biot. BCS theory. UNIT -III Semiconductors and Superconductors Semiconductors: Carrier transport.Photo cells. carrier diffusion . Energy transfer in an electric circuit (DC) .C. Physics for engineers –M.II Modern Physics Dual Nature of light. Diffusion of dopant impurities. Integrated Circuit Tech. spherically distributed charge. Flux quantization. Meissner effect . A.Inductance – solenoid .LCD and Solar cell and its applications. London’s equation.. Energy storage in a magnetic field. reproduction and applications. generation and recombination process (qualitative).existence of electron in nucleus. Type I and Type II superconductors. Cooper pairs . Fick’s laws.BT 1002(P) : PHYSICS (Common to All Branches) Lecture : 3 periods/week Internal Marks : 30 Tutorial : 0 periods/week External Marks : 70 Credits : 3 Exam Duration : 3hrs -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------UNIT .penetration depth . TEXT BOOKS: 1.Streetman 4. NMR – principle and technique .Scintillation counter and solid state detector .
Engineering Physics. Modern engineering physics-A. . UNIT. (III) Idioms & Phrasal verbs. UNIT – III A) VOCABULARY AND FUNCTIONAL ENGLISH This area attempts at making the learners withstand the competition at the transnational technical environment so as to enable them to undertake various professional operations.I WRITTEN COMMUNICATION SKILLS This area exposes the learners to the basic tenets of writing. (I) Vocabulary – a basic word list of one thousand words.Armugam 3. the style and format of different tools of written communication 1) Description (through Paragraph Writing) 2) Reflection (through Essay Writing) 3) Persuasion (through indented Letter Writing) UNIT – II READING COMPREHENSION This area exposes the learners to the techniques of deciphering and analyzing longer texts pertaining to various disciplines of study.2. rhythm and various aspects of isolated elements and connected speech.Vasudeva BT 1003(E) : TECHNICAL ENGLISH COMMUNICATION SKILLS (Common to All Branches) Lecture : 3 periods/week Internal Marks : 30 Tutorial : 0 periods/week External Marks : 70 Credits : 3 Exam Duration : 3hrs -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------OBJECTIVES This Course Endeavors to Refurbish and Fortify the Linguistic Awareness and Communicative Competence of the learners by offering insights into various Morphological. B) LISTENING AND SPEAKING This area exposes the learners to the standard expressions including stress.S. Semantic. (II) Functional grammar. Syntactic & Stylistic aspects of English Language. (I) Types of Reading (II) Sub skills of Reading (III) Eye span – fixation (IV) Reading Aloud & Silent Reading (V) Vocalization & Sub-vocalization.M. with special focus on Common Errors in English.
Newbury House Publishers.John Langan. (I) Technical Report Writing (Informational. Oxford guide to Plain English – Martin Cutts. Oxford University Press. 7. McGraw Hill. 5. al. 8.V.Sethi and P.Sarma. Longman. 1.V.IV TECHNICAL COMMUNICATION SKILLS This area falls under English for Specific Purposes (ESP) which trains the learner in Basic Technical Communication.4th edition. 2007. Common Errors in English – Thomas Eliot Berry. 2001 3. Orient Longman. 2.1) 2) 3) 4) The use of diphthongs Elements of spoken expression Varieties of English Towards accent neutralization UNIT . TMH. Larry et. 2004. 4. 2004. 2004. Practical English Grammar – Thomson A.S. 2004.J & Martinet A. . English for Academic and Technical Purposes – Sellinkar. Structural Patterns & Usage in English – B. 1981. 6. Oxford University Press. Analytical & Special reports) (II) Technical Vocabulary SUGGESTED READING: Use of English – Randolph Quirk. Dhamija. College Writing Skills . Poosha Series. Phonetics and spoken English – V.. 2001.
Engineering Mechanics by S.I CONCURRENT FORCES IN A PLANE Principles of statics. McGraw Hill International Edition. 2.IV FRICTION Introduction. UNIT . (For Concepts and symbolic Problems). General case of parallel forces in a plane. Addition of two forces: Parallelogram Law – Composition and resolution of forces – Constraint. Force. TEXTBOOKS: 1. Classification of friction.H.III GENERAL CASE OF FORCES IN A PLANE Composition of forces in a plane – Equilibrium of forces in a plane -Plane Trusses: Method of joints. Cone of friction. CENTROIDS Introduction. Angle of repose. (For numerical Problems using S. Delhi. Action and Reaction. Method of moments. Theorem of varignon. Types of parallel forces. PRINCIPLE OF VIRTUAL WORK Equilibrium of ideal systems. Co-efficient of friction. Equilibrium of concurrent forces in a plane – Method of projections –Moment of a force.System of Units). Free body diagram.BT 1004: ENGINEERING MECHANICS-I (Common to all branches) Lecture : 3 periods/week Internal Marks : 30 Tutorial : 0 periods/week External Marks : 70 Credits : 3 Exam Duration : 3hrs -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------UNIT .Timoshenko & D.Young. UNIT . Determination of centroids by integration method. REFERENCE BOOKS: . Resultant. Umesh Publication. Engineering Mechanics Statics and dynamics by A. Resolution of Force into force and a couple.I.Tayal. Types of supports and support reactions. Frictional forces on wheel. Centroids of composite plane figures. Angle of friction. Couple.K.II PARALLEL FORCES IN A PLANE Introduction. Laws of dry friction. UNIT . Wedge friction.
and their functions Computer Languages Why programming Language. Problem solving using computers. Protocols.III MS-Office Features of: MS-Word. UNIT . Excel. Connection symbol. and front page. Computer memory. Access. representation of Integers.1. Outlook Express.IV .II Computer Architecture Interconnection of units. Algorithms. Computer Generation and Classification Computer generations. Input and out put devices. memory devices. Structure of a Flowchart. alpha numeric characters. fractions. Assembly language. Modification symbol. CPU. Compiling High Level Languages Algorithm and Flowcharting Introductory programming techniques. PowerPoint.K BT 1005 : INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS & PROGRAMMING (Common to All Branches) Lecture : 3 periods/week Internal Marks : 30 Tutorial : 0 periods/week External Marks : 70 Credits : 3 Exam Duration : 3hrs ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------UNIT .1 Introduction Algorithms. Characteristics of a computer. Data Representation Representation of characters in computer. New Delhi. organizing of memories. Higher Level Programming Languages. Structure of Algorithms.L. Internet Internet History. Input. Classifications of computers. UNIT . Drawing efficient flowcharts. Internet Tools. Terminal Symbol Off page connector symbol. Applications of MS Office and features. binary system. output units. Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company. Simple model of a computer. octal system. representation of numbers. error detection codes. Types of Algorithms. hexadecimal system. Group instruction symbol.Meriam & L. World Wide Web UNIT . number systems. Engineering Mechanics Statics and Dynamics by J. Vector Mechanics for Engineers Statics and Dynamics by Beer and Johnston. Internet Browsers.
Yashwant Kanetkar. A. 2. (Unit IV ). Input/Output Statements. R. Alexis Leon and Mathews Leon TATA McGraw HILL.(Unit III). T. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Introduction to Computer Science. Operators. Introduction to Computers with MS-Office 2000. Wiley Eastern Limited . Control Structures.Basic Concepts of ‘C’ Programming Data types. S. Y. Fundamentals of Computers V. 6th Edition. 3. and Iterative structures with suitable exercises. Abdul Haq. BPB Publications. M. TEXT BOOKS: 1. “Programming in Basic”. (Units I & II ). Rajaraman 4th Edition PHI. Govindaraju. Let Us C. Chandrasekaran. Kanetkar 2. Narayanan.
Fibre optics-Numerical aperture calculation 7. Variation of magnetic field along the axis of current-carrying circular coil 6.Hall effect-Study of B & I variation 13.LCR circuit-Resonance 11. Solar cell-Determination of Fill factor 9. PHYSICS LABORATORY 1.BT 1051(P) : PHYSICS LAB (Common to all branches) Lecture 25 : 3 periods/week Internal Marks : External Marks : 50 Credits : 2 Exam Duration : 3hrs -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A minimum of 10 experiments to be conducted. Photo tube-Study of V-I characteristics.Newton’s Rings-Radius of curvature of plano convex lens 12.determination of work function 4.Diffraction grating-Measurement of wavelength .Measurement of thickness of a foil using wedge method 15.Photo voltaic cell-Energy gap 14. Torsional pendulum-Rigidity modulus calculation 5. AC Sonometer – Verification of laws 2. Compound pendulum-Measurement of ‘g’ 8. Losses in optical fibres 10. Sensitive galvanometer-Figure of merit 3.
book code. price.. teachers etc.A ‘C’ Program to generate prime numbers between 1 to n.21. 16.A ‘C’ Program to count the number of vowels in a given sentence using SWITCHCASE. 2. and ask. 11. ni +ni+1 14.. 17. rack no. Downloading files. Design a PowerPoint presentation with not less than 10 slides on any of your interesting topic. ni+1. power point presentations etc. Ex: 0.3.A ‘C’ Program to convert a decimal number to Binary 12.2. Do While loop c.. 9. parents. Evolution of Computers.1. Internet etc. subject. Siddhartha Engineering College. Signup for new Email address with any free Email provider and send Email using Internet to your friends. pictures. Search Internet using Search Engines like Google. 15.. For Loop 13. volumes Enter Sample data of 15 books in to database.A ‘C’ Program the roots of a given quadratic equation.. 20. Ex Fields: Book name..A ‘C’ Program to reverse a given five digit integer number – using simple if Construct. Create your Bio-Data in MS-Word giving Educational and Personal Details. A ‘C’ Program to check a number is ‘prime’ or not.A ‘C’ Program for the given is perfect or not.A ‘C’ Program to print first N Fibonacci Numbers.. E-Books. 19. Create an Excel Worksheet entering marks in 6 subjects of 10 Students. 3.com for files.8. 18. A ‘C’ Program to calculate factorial of a given number.5. author. A ‘C’ Program to add two positive integers and print the result. EContent from Internet and Intranet.13.ni .A ‘C’ Program to calculate Simple Interest. 4. Ex: Literacy.com. 6. Create a Database in MS-Access for Storing Library Information. 5.BT1052 : COMPUTER PRACTICE LAB (Common to all branches) Lab/Practice: 4 periods/Week 25 Credits: 2 3hrs Internal Assessment: External Exam marks: 50 External Exam: 1. Freedom Struggle. While loop b.A ‘C’ Program to find the sum of digits of a given number.1. 8..A ‘C’ Program for Sin X and Cos X series evaluation using given number of terms.Write a C program to find sum of n numbers using: a. Give ranks on the basis of Total marks. . 10. 7. Yahoo..com.
Geometrical Constructions. Lettering . . SCALES: Construction and use of plain and diagonal scales.Cycloid. ISOMETRIC PROJECTIONS : Isometric Projection and conversion of Orthographic Projections into isometric views. Cylinders and Cones with varying positions. UNIT . TEXT BOOK: 1. (Treatment is limited to simple objects only).M. CONIC SECTIONS: conic sections . Pyramids. Special methods for conic sections. Prisms. UNIT .IV DEVELOPMENT OF SURFACES: Lateral development of cut sections of Cubes. Cylinders and Cones. Dimensioning. CURVES : Curves used in Engineering practice . projections on auxiliary planes. Representation of various type lines . Engineering Drawing by N.First angle projection and third angle projection of points and straight lines. ORTHOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS: Conversion of pictorial views into Orthographic views. (Limited to the Section Planes perpendicular to one of the Principal Planes). Cylinders and Cones. Traces of lines. Pyramids.Cycloidal curves . Prisms. Bhatt & V. Anand).II METHOD OF PROJECTIONS: Principles of projection .general construction method for ellipse. Panchal.BT 1053(G) ENGINEERING GRAPHICS (Common to all branches) Lecture : 2 + 6 periods/week Internal Marks : 25 Tutorial : 0 periods/week External Marks : 50 Credits : 3 Exam Duration : 3hrs --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(To be taught & examined in First angle projection) UNIT . Pyramids. UNIT . Prisms. Involute of circle and Archemedian spiral.III PROJECTIONS OF SOLIDS : Projections of simple solids such as Cubes.I GENERAL: Use of Drawing instruments. SECTIONS OF SOLIDS: Sections of solids such as Cubes.Single stroke letters. PROJECTION OF PLANES : Projections of planes. parabola and hyperbola. Epicycloid and Hypocycloid. (Treatment is limited to simple castings). true shapes of sections. (Charotar Publishing House.D.
K.REFERENCE BOOK: 1.L.Kannaiah.K.Narayana & Prof. Engineering Drawing by Prof. R. .
BT 2001: ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS – II (Common to All Branches) Lecture : 3 periods/week Internal Marks : 30 Tutorial : 0 periods/week External Marks : 70 Credits : 3 Exam Duration : 3hrs ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------UNIT .Taylor's Series (without proof) .I DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS: Limit. SPECIAL FUNCTIONS: Beta function.Maxima and Minima of functions of two variables Lagrange's multipliers .Green's theorem in a plane (without proof) .Curvature .Khana Publishers. 37th edition .Evaluation of volume using triple integrals.Gauss' divergence theorem (without proof) .radius of curvature. UNIT – II SEQUENCES AND SERIES : Convergence of series – Integral test – comparison test – D’Alemberts Ratio test – Cauchy’s Root Test – Alternating series – Absolute convergence – Leibnitz’s Rule.Rolle's Theorem . Grewal . Gamma function. UNIT .S.Wiley Publishers New Delhi . Higher Engineering Mathematics by B.Stoke's theorem (without proof). 8th edition . continuity. Error function. UNIT – III INTEGRAL CALCULUS: Double integrals .divergence and curl of vector fields – vector identities Line and surface integrals .directional derivatives .Evaluation in Cartesian and Polar coordinates . differentiability .Lagrange's Mean Value Theorem . TEXT BOOK: 1.Evaluation of areas using double integrals . REFERENCE BOOK: 1. Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Erwin Kreyszig.Evaluation of triple integrals – Change of variables .IV VECTOR CALCULUS : Scalar and Vector fields .Changing the order of integration .Differentiation of scalar and vector point functions gradient of Scalar fields .
Conductivity – conductometric titrations and their importance. electroless plating and selfassembled monolayers. properties and engineering applications. stress corrosion cracking and microbiological corrosion . coagulation. Ion selective electrodes: silver-silver chloride electrode and glass electrode determination of pH using glass electrode – concept of concentration cells. corrosion inhibitors – types and mechanism of inhibition. anodic protection. Conducting polymers: Mechanism of conduction. Electrochemical energy systems: Types of electrochemical energy systems – Electrochemistry of primary batteries (Weston cadmium standard cell). potentiometric titrations involving neutralizations reactions. Polymer Technology Inorganic polymers: silicones – nomenclature.effect of pH and temperature on corrosion. Electrolytic methods in electronics: electroplating. preparation of silicones by Grignard process. secondary batteries (Lead-acid cell and Ni-Cd cell). . crevice. filtration. various methods of sterilization and concept of breakpoint chlorination. UNIT – III Corrosion and its control Introduction – chemical and electrochemical corrosion – electrochemical theory of corrosion – corrosion due to dissimilar metals. pH metric titrations and their importance. Protection methods: cathodic protection (impressed current and sacrificial anode). examples and applications. applications of polymers in biomedical devices and electronics. caustic embrittlement and boiler corrosion – causes and prevention. Types of corrosion: pitting. Boiler troubles: scales. galvanic series – corrosion due to differential aeration cells – concept of passivity. Desalination of brakish water: electrodialysis and reverse osmosis. lithium batteries and their advantages. sludges.BT 2002(C) : CHEMISTRY (Common to All Branches) Lecture : 3 periods/week Internal Marks : 30 Tutorial : 0 periods/week External Marks : 70 Credits : 3 Exam Duration : 3hrs ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------UNIT – I Water Technology Water treatment for drinking purpose: sedimentation. UNIT – II Electrochemistry and its applications Reference electrodes: standard hydrogen electrode and calomel electrode.
4. New Delhi. Applications of IR spectroscopy: Determination of force constant – numericals (simple substitution). Narosa Publishing House. B. Y.S. identification of nature of hydrogen bonding and applications in qualitative analysis (examples: benzene. 15th edition. Essentials of Physical Chemistry.S. selection rule for harmonic vibrational transition – Instrumentation. . S. UV-visible (electronic) spectroscopy: Frank-Condon principle – types of electronic transitions. Dara. Theory of quantitative aspects of UV-visible spectroscopy: Lambert-Beer’s law. Jain. 3. Infrared (vibrational) spectroscopy: vibrational spectra and types of molecular vibrations of diatomic molecules. acetone and ethyl alcohol).Anjaneyulu. Engineering Chemistry. determination of molecular weight and dissociation constants. Principles of Polymer Science. Text book of analytical chemistry.Sastry. Tuli.UNIT – IV Instrumental techniques in chemical analysis Introduction of spectroscopic techniques – interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter. P. K. 10 th edition. S. TEXT BOOK: 1. D.C. detection of impurities. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. 2. A text book of Engineering Chemistry. quantitative analysis. Chandrasekhar and Valli Manickam. determination of purity. Applications of UV-visible spectroscopy: Qualitative analysis. P. Chand & Company Limited.V. New Delhi. Bahl and G. Dhanpat Rai Publishing Company (P) Limited. Bahadur and N. numericals (simple substitution) – Instrumentation.
UNIT – II Surveying Objectives. Flooring. Measurement of distances.Babcock and Wilcox boiler-La-mond boiler – Differences between fire tube and water tube boilers.I Simple stress and strains Definition of Mechanics. Bridges. Components. Cross section of roads.Relations between elastic constants. Dams. Cement.External and Internal forces-Stress and Strain-Elasticity and Hook’s Law. Bearing capacity of Soil.applications and unit of refrigerationSimple layouts of winter and summer air conditioning systems. Types. Sub-structure and Super structure Soil. Brick Masonry. Civil Engineering Structures Roads. Types of Foundations.Purpose.Classification.definition. Steam Turbines Introduction – Main parts of a steam turbine – Types of turbines – Working of a single stage impulse steam turbine-Compounding of Impulse steam turbines . Civil Engineering Materials Bricks. Classification.Necessity. Roofing and Plastering. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Air Refrigeration system .Cochran boiler – Locomotive boiler. Part B .vapour refrigeration system . angles – Levelling.Mechanical Engineering UNIT .BT 2003(B) : BASIC CIVIL & MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (Common to All Branches) Lecture : 3 periods/week Internal Marks : 30 Tutorial : 0 periods/week External Marks : 70 Credits : 3 Exam Duration : 3hrs ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Part A .Civil Engineering UNIT . Stone Masonry. .working of Parson’s reaction turbine – Differences between impulse and reaction turbines. Stones. Principles of Surveying. Classification.III Steam Boilers Introduction . Steel and Cement Concrete.
Tidal power – Geothermal power. Hyd. by R Rudramoorthy. Tata Mc Graw-Hill Publishing Company Limited. S.Gas turbines – Diesel power plant.engines . Basic Mechanical Engineering. New Delhi.Shanmugam and M S Palanichamy. Basic Civil and Mechanical Engineering by G. Thermal Engineering. Radiant Publishing House.Main components of I. TEXT BOOKS: 1. 3. (2003) .Working of a 4 – stroke and 2 stroke diesel engine – Difference between petrol engines and diesel engines. by T S Rajan.Steam power plant – Nuclear power plants.Wind mills.Hydro power plant .engines . Internal Combustion Engine Introduction – Classification of I. Tata Mc Graw-Hill Publishing Company Limited.C.IV Power Plants Introduction – Classifications of power plants. New Age International Ltd. New Delhi.(2002) 2. Palanichamy. Wiley Eastern Ltd. Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd.UNIT . New Delhi. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning by Zakria Baig.C.Working of a 4-stroke and 2 – stroke petrol engine – Difference between 4 – stroke and 2 – stroke engine .(1993) REFERENCE BOOKS: 1.. 2.Alternate sources of energy – Solar energy . Basic Civil Engineering by M.
Engineering Mechanics by S. rectangular components of velocity & acceleration.I. Umesh Publication. (For Concepts and symbolic Problems).BT 2004: ENGINEERING MECHANICS-II (Common to all branches) Lecture : 3 periods/week Internal Marks : 30 Tutorial : 0 periods/week External Marks : 70 Credits : 3 Exam Duration : 3hrs ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------UNIT .II KINETICS OF RECTILINEAR TRANSLATION Equations of rectilinear motion. UNIT . solid sphere & parallelepiped. Moment of inertia of 3D bodies. Equations of Dynamic Equilibrium: D’Alembert’s Principle. ROTATION OF A RIGID BODY ABOUT A FIXED AXIS Kinematics of rotation – Equation of motion for a rigid body rotating about a fixed axis – Rotation under the action of a constant moment. D’Alembert’s Principle in curvilinear motion – Work and energy. Normal and Tangential acceleration. Motion with Uniform and Variable acceleration. velocity and acceleration. TEXTBOOKS: 3.K. displacement. solid cylinder. UNIT .I MOMENT OF INERTIA OF PLANE FIGURES Moment of Inertia of a plane figure with respect to an axis in its plane – Moment of inertia with respect to an axis perpendicular to the plane of the figure – Parallel axis theorem KINEMATICS OF RECTILINEAR TRANSLATION Introduction. Momentum and impulse – Work and Energy – Ideal systems: Conservation of energy – Direct central Impact. Engineering Mechanics Statics and dynamics by A.cone.slender bar. Delhi.IV MOMENTS OF INERTIA OF MATERIAL BODIES Moment of inertia of a rigid body – Moment of inertia of laminas.Tayal.Young. (For numerical Problems using S. REFERENCE BOOKS . UNIT .III CURVILINEAR TRANSLATION Kinematics of curvilinear motion – Introduction.H. McGraw Hill International Edition. Circular plate. rectangular plate.Timoshenko & D. Motion of projectiles. 4.System of Units). circular ring.
Double linked list . Implementation of Data Structures.III Introduction to Data Structures Definitions. initializing. multidimensional arrays.II Structures Definition. Pointers Pointers and addresses. 2. Representation of Stack. string variables-declaration. Linked Lists Definition. I/O operations on files.Operations on circular Double linked list. reading. Operations on single linked list. bit fields. assigning values. opening & closing of files. Address arithmetic. scope rules. File I/O Standard I/O. self referential structures.Array Representation of Stacks.I Arrays One dimensional & Two dimensional arrays. Definition. header files.Kraige. typedef. example C programs. Circular linked list . Single linked list . block structure. Formatted I/O. Concept of Data Structures. Dynamic storage management. Unions. character pointers and functions. String handling function. arrays of structures.Operations on a Double Linked list.Meriam & L. Application of linked lists . UNIT . Binary Search. Operations on Stacks.Representation of a linked list in memory. BT 2005 : C and DATA STRUCTURES Tata (Common to All Branches) Lecture : 3 periods/week Internal Marks : 30 Tutorial : 0 periods/week External Marks : 70 Credits : 3 Exam Duration : 3hrs --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------UNIT . Linked list Representation of Stacks. Pointers And function arguments. command line arguments. writing. variables and storage classes. pointers to structures. Searchings Linear Search. UNIT . New Delhi. C preprocessor. McGraw Hill Publishing Company. pointers to pointers.:Vector Mechanics for Engineers Statics and Dynamics by Beer and Johnston.. Polynomial representation. Circular Double Linked list .Sparse matrix manipulation. Stacks Introduction.L. Functions Basics of functions. Parameter passing. Pointers and Arrays. pointers to functions. recursive functions. Overview of Data Structures. Engineering Mechanics Statics and Dynamics by J. user-defined functions. Applications of Stack – . initialization. passing of structures as arguments. initialization of pointer arrays.
Quick Sort. CPU scheduling in multiprogramming Environment. Traversals. Ltd. Application of queue – Simulation. Merge Sort. 2. Binary Search Tree. Linked Representation of a Binary Tree.Linear Representation of a Binary Tree. Types of Binary Trees . Priority queue. The C Programming Language. Yashwant Kanetkar.Expression Tree. Yashwant Kanetkar. Gottfried. Scham's Outlines. DataStructures Using C –PHI/Pearson education.IV Sorting Techniques Bubble Sort. Tower of Hanoi Problem . TEXT BOOKS: 1. B. Prof O. Definition and Concepts . 3. TMH 2. . S.(Units III & IV). Samanta. Code Generation for stack Machine. Tanenbaum. various queue structures .W. Prentice-Hall India. Implementations of Recursion. Pointers in C 4.G. Operations on Binary Tree – Insertion. Definition. B. De-queue. Addison Wesley. Mark Allen Weiss..Binary Trees. P. Properties of Binary Tree.Circular queue. Activation Record Management. McGraw Hill B REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Deletion. Let Us C.Ritchie. 0070240353. Representation of Queue using Linked list. NewDelhi. Representation of Queues . BPB Publications (Units I & II). Queues Introduction. Trees Basic Terminologies. D. 5. A. Kernighan. Programming with C. Complete reference in C. Shell Sort. Herbert Shield. Dennis M.Kakde. Insertion Sort. Selection Sort. Representation of Binary Tree . Round Robin Algorithm. UNIT . Factorial Calculation. Wiley Dreamtech. Classic Data Structures . 3.. PHI/Pearson Education. C & Data Structures – Pvt. 2nd Ed.Representation of Queue using Array. 6th Edition.DeshPande. Data Structures and Algorithm Analysis in C 2nd Edition. 6.S.Evaluation of Arithmetic Expressions.. Prof.
engineers as responsible experimenters .BT 2006 PROFESSIONAL ETHICS (Common to All Branches) Lecture : 3 periods/week Internal Marks : 30 Tutorial : 0 periods/week External Marks : 70 Credits : 3 Exam Duration : 3hrs ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- UNIT – I ENGINEERING ETHICS Senses of 'Engineering Ethics' .Self-interest customs and religion .moral dilemmas .variety of moral issued . .uses of ethical theories. Values and Ethics – Integrity – Work Ethic – Service Learning – Civic Virtue – Respect for Others – Living Peacefully – caring – Sharing – Honesty – Courage – Valuing Time – Co-operation – Commitment – Empathy – Self-Confidence – Character – Spirituality UNIT .codes of ethics .moral autonomy .a balanced outlook on law .Gilligan's theory .consensus and controversy – Models of Professional Roles .Kohlberg's theory . UNIT – II HUMAN VALUES Morals. RESPONSIBILITIES AND RIGHTS Safety and risk .risk benefit analysis and reducing risk the three mile island and chernobyl case studies.types of inquiry .assessment of safety and risk .III ENGINEERING AS SOCIAL EXPERIMENTATION Engineering as experimentation .theories about right action .the challenger case study SAFETY.
Natarajan S. United States. New Delhi. Mike Martin and Roland Schinzinger.occupational crime .confidentiality conflicts of interest .collective bargaining .weapons development . "Ethics in engineering". Prentice Hall of India. 2.professional rights . Oxford University Press.engineers as managers-consulting engineers-engineers as expert witnesses and advisors -moral leadership-sample code of Ethics ( Specific to a particular Engineering Discipline ). Pearson Education/ Prentice Hall. Protchard and Michael J Rabins. 2000 ( Indian Reprint now available ) 3. Fleddermann. Senthil Kumar V.respect for authority . S. New Jersey. New York 1996. 2003. Charles D. TEXT BOOKS: 1.employee rights Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) . McGraw Hill. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1.Environmental ethics . Michael S. Pearson Education. . New Delhi. John R Boatright. Govindarajan M. Edmund G Seebauer and Robert L Barry. UNIT-IV GLOBAL ISSUES Multinational corporations . Wadsworth Thompson Leatning.computer ethics . 2004.Collegiality and loyalty . Charles E Harris. 2001 . 4. "Engineering Ethics". “ Fundamentals of Ethics for Scientists and Engineers”. “ Engineering Ethics”. “ Engineering Ethics – Concepts and Cases”. 2004 ( Indian Reprint now available ) 2. Oxford.discrimination. “ Ethics and the Conduct of Business”.
BT 2051(C) :
CHEMISTRY LABORATORY PRACTICALS (Common to all branches)
: 3 periods/week
External Marks : 50 Credits : 2 Exam Duration : 3hrs -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------List of Experiments 1. Estimation of chlorides in water sample a) Standardisation of AgNO3 solution b) Estimation of chlorides in the sample 2. Estimation of Mohr’s salt – Permanganometry a) Standardization of KMnO4 solution b) Estimation of Mohr’s salt 3. Estimation of Mohr’s salt – Dichrometry a) Standardization of K2Cr2O7 solution b) Estimation of Mohr’s salt 4. Determination of available chlorine in bleaching powder and of iodine in iodized salt a) Standardization of hypo solution b) Determination of available chlorine c) Determination of iodine in iodized salt 5. Determination of total alkalinity of water and of purity of washing soda a) Standardization of HCl solution b) Determination of total alkalinity of water sample c) Determination of purity of washing soda sample 6. Determination of hardness of water and of calcium in milk powder a) Standardization of EDTA solution b) Determination of total hardness of water sample c) Determination of calcium in milk powder 7. Determination of Dissolved Oxygen by Winkler’s method 8. Chemistry of Blue Printing 9. Preparation of Phenol-Formaldehyde resin 10.Determination of corrosion rate of mild steel in the absence and presence of an inhibitor
11.Colorimetric determination of potassium permanganate 12.Conductometric titration of an acid vs a base 13.pH metric titration of an acid vs a base 14.Electroplating of nickel on iron article 15.Spectrophotometry BT 2052 : C and DATASTRUCTURES LAB (Common to all branches) Lecture 25 : 3 periods/week Internal Marks : External Marks : 50 Credits : 2 Exam Duration : 3hrs -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1. Write a ‘C’ program to find sum, mean, and standard deviation by using arrays. 2. Write a ‘C’ Program to perform matrix addition, subtraction and multiplication using Arrays. 3. Write a ‘C’ program to swap two numbers by using call by value and call by reference. 4. Write a ‘C’ program to read name of the student, roll number and marks obtained in subjects from keyboard and print name of the student, roll number, marks in 3 subjects, and total marks by using structures concept. 5. Write a ‘C’ program to Add, Delete, Edit and Display records using Unions. 6. Write a ‘C’ program to implement polynomial addition and multiplication by using pointers. 7. Write a ‘C’ Program to copy the contents of one file into another file by using command line arguments. 8. Write a ‘C’ Program to implement Search techniques. i )Linear ii)Binary. 9. Write a ‘C’ Program for i) Create List ii) Insertion iii) Deletion iv) Print Operations by using Singly linked list and doubly linked lists. 10. Write a ‘C’ Program to implement the following data structures using Arrays i) Stacks ii) Linear Queues iii) Circular queues iv) De-queue. 11. Write a ‘C’ Program to i) Implement stack using singly liked list. ii) Implement queue using singly linked list. 12. Write a ‘C’ Program to implement the applications of Stack. 13. Implement binary search tree using liked list and perform the following operations. i)Create ii) Insertion iii) Deletion iv).Print. 14. Implement binary search tree Traversals using liked list and perform the
following operations. i) In-order Traversal ii) Preorder Traversal iii) Post Order Traversal. 15. Write a ‘C’ Program to implement the following sorting techniques. i) Bubble Sort ii) Insertion Sort iii) Selection Sort iv) Merge Sort.
BT 2053(W) : Lecture 25 : 4 periods/week
WORKSHOP PRACTICE Internal Marks :
(Common to all branches) External Marks : 50 Credits : 2 Exam Duration : 3hrs -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. Carpentry To make the following jobs with hand tools a) Lap joint b) Lap Tee joint c) Dove tail joint Mortise & Tenon joint b) Cross-Lap joint 2. Welding using electric arc welding process / gas welding. The following joints to be welded. a) b) c) d) e) Lap joint Tee joint Edge joint Butt joint Corner joint
3. Sheet metal operations with hand tools. a) Saw edge b) wired edge c) lap seam d) grooved seam e) funnel 4. House wiring a) To connect one lamp with one switch b) To connect two lamps with one switch c) To connect a fluorescent tube d) Stair case wiring e) Godown wiring
John Wiley. Parseval’s formula. Central difference interpolation formulae: Gauss’s Stirling ’s. TEXT BOOKS: 1. Numerical solutions of ordinary and partial differential equations: Euler’s method. Fourier transforms: Fourier sine and cosine transforms-Finite Fourier sine and cosine transforms.S. Solution of simultaneous linear equations-Gauss elemination of Gauss-Seidal iterative methods UNIT-III INTERPOLATION: Introduction. 3rd Edition. Solution of Laplace and Poisson equations by iteration method. Advanced Engineering Mathematics. Finite Differences: Forward. Interpolation with unequal intervals. Definition. Iteration method. Picards method. Runge-Kutta method of fourth order(for first order equations only). Bisection method. Erwin Kreyszig.S. 39th Edition. Differences of a polynomial. Central differences.finding first and second order differentials using Newton ’s Formulae UNIT-IV NUMERICAL INTEGRATION: Trapezoidal rule. B. Euler’s formulae. Functions having point of discontinuity. Khanna Publishers.Sastry. Bessel’s formulae.Grewal. Gauss’s Quadrature formula. 2003.EC 3001 ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS III II B Tech First Semester UNIT – I FOURIER SERIES Introduction. 2000 . 2004. Change of interval. Half range series.. PHI. Introductory Methods of Numerical Analysis. Newton ’s formula for interpolation. Lagrange & Newton Method. Boundary value problems. Odd and even functions. Solution of Algeabric and Transcendental Equations: Introduction. Complex form of Fourier series. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Expansions of odd and even periodic functions. Conditions for a Fourier expansion. Method of false position. Fourier transforms of the derivatives of a function. Higher Engineering Mathematics. Fourier integrals. 8th Ed. Simson’s rule. 2. UNIT – II INTEGRAL TRANSFORMS: Introduction. Taylor ’s series method. Fourier sine and cosine integrals: Complex form of Fourier integrals. Practical harmonic series. Typical waveforms. Numerical differentiation. Symbolic relations. S. Backward. Newton-Raphson method.
KJain.R. .K. Wiley Eastern Limited.2.Jain.K Iyengar and R. S. Numerical Methods for Scientific and Engineering Computation. M.
Form factor. low pass filter. Open circuit impedance. Star – Delta connections and conversions. Mesh and Nodal Analysis UNIT-II NETWORK THEOREMS Superposition theorem.EC 3002 UNIT-I CIRCUIT THEORY II B Tech First Semester INTRODUCTION OF CIRCUIT ELEMENTS: Ideal. Energy stored in Inductors and Capacitors Kirchhoff’s Voltage law and Kirchhoff’s Current law. Cutset and loop matrices. j notation and concept of phasor. selectivity. Network functions for the one port and two port. UNIT III NETWORK FUNTIONS: Poles and Zeros. L. Application of theorems to DC circuits. SINUSOIDAL STEADY STATE ANALYSIS AND RESONANCE: Instantaneous. BPF. Image parameters. Lattice attenuator. Lattice networks. relationship among various matrices and parameters. Series and Parallel resonance. series and parallel RLC circuits. high pass filter. Pass and stop bands. Tree. Reciprocity. Short circuit admittance (Y). T-type attenuator. Relation between parameter sets. Source transformation. R-C and parallel R-C circuits. Hybrid and inverse hybrid parameters. Compensation. Properties of symmetrical networks. Link. Average and RMS values of periodic waveforms. Interconnection of two port networks. Time domain behaviour from the pole zero plot. C series and parallel combination circuits to sinusoidal excitation. Branch. Characteristic impedance. L-type attenuator. Peak. Response of R. GRAPH THEORY: Introduction to Graph Theory. -type attenuator. Inverse transmission. Bridged T attenuator. BEF. Filter fundamentals. TWO PORT NETWORK PARAMETERS: Two port network. Tellegan’s and Millman’s theorems. V-I characteristics of Passive elements and their series / parallel combination. Restrictions on pole and zero locations for driving point functions and transfer functions. Practical and dependent sources and their V-I characteristics. EQUALIZERS: . Thevenin’s and Norton’s theorems. Voltage and Current division. Crest factor. UNIT –IV FILTERS: Characteristic impedance of symmetrical networks. Poles and zeros of network functions. Maximum power transfer theorems. bandwidth and Q factor. m-derived filters ATTENUATORS: Symmetrical and Asymmetrical attenuators. Transmission. Mesh and Nodal analysis. Impedance/admittance and current locus diagrams of simple series R-L.
Circuits and Networks: Analysis and Synthesis. TMH. Jack E. 2nd Edition. Mahmood Nahvi and Joseph Edminister. A Sudhakar and SP Shyam Mohan. 2003 2. Electric Circuits. Two terminal equalizer. Network Theory And Filter Design. John D Ryder.E. 2nd Edition. Lattice equalizer TEXT 1. 2003. Engineering Circuit Analysis. 2. 2004 3. John Wiley & Sons. Hayt. TMH. 2003. 3rd Edition PHI. BOOKS: M. Schaum’s Outline series. Constant resistance equalizer.Kuo. Inverse network.Vanvalkenburg. Full shunt equalizer. Network Analysis and Synthesis. Bridged –T equalizer. Lines and Fields. William H. 2002 REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. 2nd Edition. PHI. Wiley Eastern. 2002 . Durbin. 2nd Edition. Vasudev K Aatre. 4.Equalizer configuration. 6th Edition. Full series equalizer. Franklin F. Networks. 3. TMH. Kemmerly and Steven M. Network Analysis. 4th Edition.
Convolution property of Fourier transforms. John Wiley. 2. Energy density spectrum. simple problems.Residue Theorem. 2nd Edn. representation of continuous time and discrete time periodic signals – Explanation of properties of continuous time and discrete time Fourier series. Power Series expansion and Partial fraction expansion. Causality and Poly-Wiener criterion for physical realization.Willsky with S.Hamid Nawab. UNIT II SIGNAL TRANSMISSION THROUGH LINEAR SYSTEMS : Linear system. Signals and Systems. Response of a linear system. Power density spectrum. Filter characteristics of linear systems. system bandwidth. AlanV. sampling of band pass signals Basic principles of z-transform . 1997. aliasing – discrete time processing of continuous time signals. Alan S. UNIT IV SAMPLING THEOREM AND z-TRANSFORMS: Representation of continuous time signals by its sample . Relation between auto correlation function and energy/power spectral density function.Oppenheim. Transfer function of a LTI system. properties. time shifting. relationship between bandwidth and rise time. Parseval’s theorem..EC 3003 SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS II B Tech First Semester UNIT I REPRESENTATION OF SIGNALS: Continuous and discrete time signals: Classification of Signals – Periodic aperiodic even – odd – energy and power signals – Deterministic and random signals – complex exponential and sinusoidal signals – periodicity – properties of discrete time complex exponential unit impulse – unit step impulse functions – Transformation in independent variable of signals: time scaling. HPF and BPF characteristics. Pearson Education. Signals & Systems. Linear time variant (LTV) system. TEXT BOOK 1. UNIT III CONVOLUTION AND CORRELATION OF SIGNALS : Concept of convolution in time domain and frequency domain. Simon Haykin and Barry Van Veen. Linear time invariant (LTI) system. Graphical representation of convolution. Signal bandwidth. properties of correlation function. Cross correlation and auto correlation of functions. Ideal LPF. 1999 . Fourier transforms.z-transform definition – region of convergence – properties of ROC – Properties of z-transform – Poles and Zeros – inverse z-transform using Contour integration .Sampling theorem – Reconstruction of a Signal from its samples. Determination of Fourier series. impulse response. Distortion less transmission through a system. Detection of periodic signals in the presence of noise by correlation. Extraction of signal from noise by filtering. Relation between convolution and correlation. Relationship between z-transform and Fourier transform.
. Tata Mc Graw Hill Co Ltd. 2002 . Sanjay Sarma. 2000. 3. Katson Books. Principles. 2004 4. Signals and Systems.Proakis and Dimitris G. Digital Signal Processing. 3rd edn. TMH 2003.Manolakis.Roberts. Signals and Systems Analysis using Transform method and MATLAB.REFERENCES 1. John G. Moman H Hays.J. PHI. M. “ Digital Signal Processing Schaum’s Outlines. Algorithms and Applications. 2.
Various Stabilization and Compensation circuits. Conductivity of a semiconductor. Drain and Transfer characteristics. Continuity equation. DIAC and TRIAC: (their characteristics only) TEXT BOOKS: . Charge densities in a semiconductor. POWER DEVICES: P-N-P-N Devices. Tunnel Diode (with the help of energy band diagram). CG.rd. multiple section filters. Capacitor filter. Thermal runaway and thermal stability. Fermi level in an intrinsic semiconductor. electrical equivalent circuit and operation. CB. emitter characteristics.EC 3004 UNIT – I ELECTRONIC DEVICES II B Tech First Semester ELECTRON DYNAMICS: Motion of a charged particles in parallel & perpendicular electric fields. biasing methods. Carrier concentration in an intrinsic semiconductor. Fermi level in a semiconductor having impurities. Varactor Diode. Donor and acceptor impurities. DC bias and its stabilization. Break down of junctions under reverse bias. Limitations and specifications of diodes. Depletion-MOSFET. Photo Diode. operation. UNIT IV UNIPOLAR DEVICES: JFET. Magnetic deflection in a CRT. V – I Characteristics and its temperature dependence. FET Parameters . Zener Diode. and Enhancement-MOSFET: Basic construction.section filters. gm. Electrostatic and magnetic focussing. Full wave and Bridge Rectifiers without filter and with inductor filter. Transistor as an Amplifier. UJT: Basic construction. Avalanche Diode. CS configurations. Photo transistor. CD. SCR-Two transistor analogy and characteristics. Transistor current components. LED and LCD: Characteristics. Hall effect UNIT – II SEMICONDUCTOR DIODES: Quantitative theory of P-N junction diode. Diffusion length. Diffusion. RECTIFIERS: Diode as a Rectifier. Electrostatic deflection in a CRT. Transition and Diffusion capacitances of P-N junction diode. CE and CC configurations and their characteristics. multiple L section. Half wave. L section and . Carrier life time. Motion of charged particles in magnetic field. Law of mass action. µ. Principles of CRT CONDUCTION IN SEMICONDUCTORS: Classification of materials based on energy band diagram. UNIT III JUNCTION TRANSISTOR: NPN & PNP junction transistors. Energy band diagram of P N junction diode.
2002 4. Jeffrey S Beasley and Guillermo Rico. DC Kulshrestha and SC Gupta – Basic Electronics and Linear Circuits. 8th Edition. Robert L Boylested and Louis Nashelsky . PHI. Electronic Devices and Circuits.1. PHI. 2003 . 3rd Edition. Donald L. 2. “Millman’s Electronic Devices and Circuits”. 2004. Jacob Millman. Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory. Schilling and Charles Belove. 2003 3. Electronic Circuits-Discrete and Integrated. Pearson Education. TMH. Christos C Halkias & Satyabrata JIT. David A Bell. TMH.. NN Bhargava . Electronic Devices and Circuits. 6thEdition. 2003 REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. TMH. Theodore F Bogart Jr. TTTI Series. 4th Edition. 2007 2.
UNIT II MULTIPLE RANDOM VARIABLES : Vector Random Variables. Correlation-Ergodic Process. Conditional Expected Value. Moment Generating Function. Equal Distributions. Autocorrelation Function and Its Properties. Uniform. Sum of Two Random Variables. Conditional Distribution and Density – Point Conditioning. Multiple Events. Properties. Properties. Expected Value of a Random Variable. Distribution and Density Functions. Transformations of a Random Variable: Monotonic Transformations for a Continuous Random Variable. Bayes’ Theorem. Events on the Combined Space. Poisson.EC 3005 PROBABILITY THEORY AND RANDOM VARIABLES II B Tech First Semester UNIT I PROBABILITY: Probability introduced through Sets and Relative Frequency: Experiments and Sample Spaces. Conditional Distribution. Properties of Joint Distribution. Jointly Gaussian Random Variables: Two Random Variables case. Characteristic Function. Joint Distribution Function. Central Moments. Gaussian. Sum of Several Random Variables. Properties. Permutations. Cross-Correlation Function and Its Properties. First-Order Stationary Process. Markov’s Inequality. Methods of defining Conditioning Event. Total Probability. UNIT III RANDOM PROCESS: Random Process Concept. Chernoff’s Inequality and Bound. Mean-Ergodic Process. Chebychev’s Inequality. Central Limit Theorem. Properties. Relationship between Power Spectrum and Autocorrelation Function. The Cross-Power Density Spectrum. Mixed Random Variable. Combinations. Relationship . Gaussian Random Process. Classification. Nonmonotonic Transformations of Continuous Random Variable. Conditional Distribution and Density – Interval conditioning. Second-Order and Wide-Sense Stationarity. Introduction. Transformation of a Discrete Random Variable. (N-Order) and Strict-Sense Stationery. Marginal Distribution Functions. Rayleigh. Combined Sample Space. Distribution and Density functions. Independent Events: Two Events. Discrete and Continuous. Binomial. Linear Transformations of Gaussian Random Variables. Probability Definitions and Axioms. Expected Value of a Function of Random Variables: Joint Moments about the Origin. Poisson Random Process. Events. Unequal Distribution. Moments about the Origin. Mathematical model of Experiments. Joint Central Moments. Bernoulli trials. Probabilities. Statistical Independence. Conditions for a Function to be a Random Variable. The Power Spectrum: Properties. Time Averages and Ergodicity. Exponential. Covariance Functions. Discrete and Continuous Sample Spaces. Probability as a Relative Frequency. (Proof not expected). Properties. RANDOM VARIABLES: Definition of a Random Variable. N Random Variable case. Conditional Probability. Discrete-Time Processes and Sequence. Transformations of Multiple Random Variables. Conditional Density. Joint Probability. Variance and Skew. concept of Stationarity and Statistical Independence. Joint Characteristic Functions. Deterministic and Nondeterministic Process. Probability Density and Joint Probability Density functions. Function of a Random Variable.
2003. Band pass. Lathi. Average Noise Figure of cascaded networks.S. Power Spectrums for Discrete-Time Processes and Sequences. George R. TEXT BOOKS : 1. TMH. Woods.P. B. PHI.Unnikrishna Pillai. TMH. 1995. 2001. Modeling of Practical Noisy Networks: Average Noise Figures. Random Variables and Stochastic Processes – Athanasios Papoulis and S. 4th Edition. Statistical Theory of Communication . REFERENCES : 1. 3rd Edition. 5. Effective Noise Temperature. Band-Limited Processes.S. New Age Publications. Singh and S. Peebles.B. Antenna as a Noise Source. Clave D. Probability. Random Variables & Random Signal Principles . autocorrelation Function of Response. 2002. Communication Systems Analog & Digital – R. Pearson Education. Modeling of Noise Sources: Resistive (Thermal) Noise Source. Discrete-Time Sequences. Publications. 1999. Arbitrary Noise Sources. Product Device Response to a Random Signal UNIT IV LINEAR SYSTEMS WITH RANDOM INPUTS Random Signal Response of Linear Systems: System Response – Convolution. Cross-Correlation Functions of Input and Output. 2. Properties. Spectral Characteristics of System Response: Power Density Spectrum of Response.P. Eugene Xavier. Probability Methods of Signal and System Analysis.Peyton Z. Some Noise Definitions and Other Topics. 2. Discrete-Time Processes. Probability. 4th Edition. White and Colored Noise. Oxford . Mean and Mean-squared Value of System Response. Cross-Power Density Spectrums of Input and Output. Measurements of Power Density Spectrums. Cooper. 2003. Band-Limited and Narrowband Processes.between Cross-Power Spectrum and Cross-Correlation Function.D. Systems & Communications . 3. MC Gillem. Probability and Random Processes with Application to Signal Processing – Henry Stark and John W.P. . 3rd Edition. 4. Sapre. Signals.
Motors. 3. Torque equation. Torque-slip characteristics. Principles of Electrical Machines and Power Electronics. UNIT – III THREE PHASE INDUCTION MOTORS: Construction. Fractional Horse Power motors for tape recorders and teleprinters.EC 3006 ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY II B Tech First Semester UNIT – I DC MACHINES: Construction. series and compound generators. Losses and Efficiency.. TEXT 1. 1990 2. Swinburne’s test. BL Theraja. 1995 . Operation on load and no load. Losses and Efficiency. Synchronous impedance method. Regulation. 2. Auto transformers. DC motor principle. Applications of speed control. STEPPER MOTORS: Principle. Starting methods. Phasor diagrams. Construction. Load characteristics of DC shunt. Electrical Technology. Star/star. Principle of operation. EMF equation. 1989 REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. SINGLE PHASE INDUCTION MOTORS: Construction. Eugene Lister. 1975 3. Rotating magnetic field. Principle of operation of Induction Motors. UNIT – II TRANSFORMERS: Principle. A Course in Electrical Technology. Types of starters. McGraw Hill. 6th Ed. Longman Group. Elementary treatment of 3 phase transformer connections. H Cotton. Advanced Electrical Technology. Back EMF. Torque equation. Equivalent circuit. Electric Circuits and Machines. Three-point starter. Nirja. John Wiley. Working and different types UNIT – IV SYNCHRONOUS MACHINES: Principle and constructional features of an alternator. A Text Book of Electrical Technology. Methods of excitation. 2003 PC Sen. BOOKS: Edward Hughes. S K Kataria & Sons. Synchronous motors. Principle and operation of DC generator. EMF equation. 1987 JB Gupta. AH Wheeler & Co. Methods of starting and applications. Delta/star connections. OC and SC tests.
Solid waste management. ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION: LOCAL AND GLOBAL ISSUES Causes. Dams. problems and concerns. loss of species. Transportation. Effects of human activities on the Quality of Environment: Urbanization. Water pollution. Controversies on major dams – Resettlement and rehabilitation of people. Green revolution. Environmental Impact Assessment: Study Parameters . Water scarcity and Ground water depletion. UNIT-II BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION: Value of Biodiversity.India as a mega diversity Habitat. fertilizerpesticide problems. Land degradation. Aquatic (Lakes. Noise pollution. Indoor Air pollution. composting and vermiculture. Soil pollution.Consumptive and Productive use. Ozone depletion. ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT: Land resources – Land as a resource. Threats to Biodiversity. aesthetic and option values. In-situ and Ex. ECONOMY AND ENVIRONMENT: The Economy and Environment interaction. Marine pollution. Water resources: Use and over utilization of surface and ground water. Desert.Benefits and Costs Conflicts over water. Energy resources.. Water logging and Salinity.Energy needs. effects and control measures of Air pollution. Grass land. Floods. Droughts. Poaching of Wildlife. urban and industrial wastes. equitable use of resources for sustainable life styles. Habitat Laws.EC 3007 II UNIT-I ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES B Tech First Semester INTRODUCTION: Definition. Industrialization. characteristic features. common property resources. limits to growth. Sustainability-theory and practice. types.situ conservation of Biodiversity. soil erosion and Desertification. Sanitation and Public health. Economics of Development. Preservation and Conservation. renewable and Non renewable Energy sources. Rivers and Estuaries). cloud seeding and watershed management.Hot spots. Scope and Importance of Environmental Studies. Ethical. structure and functions of Ecosystem – Forest. seeds. Rain water harvesting. Forest resources – use and over exploitation. Bio-geographical classification of India. ECOSYSTEMS: Introduction. Resettlement and Rehabilitation of People. Effects of modern agriculture. Nature of Thermal Pollution and nuclear hazards Global warming. Measuring and Defining Environmental Development Indicators. Mining and Dams their effects on Forest and Tribal people. use of alternate Energy sources. UNIT-III ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS IN INDIA: Drinking Water. etc. Social. Acid rain. recycling and re-use. Impact of Energy use on Environment.
Principles of Environmental Science. Waste water treatment. New Age International Ltd. 5. Kurian Joseph & R Nagendran. Environmental Pollution Control Engineering by C. Khanna Publishers. Oxford and IBH Publications Pvt. Madhura Refinery and Taj Mahal.Environmental Chemistry. 2006. Environmental Vs Development. Industrialization of Pattancheru. 3. Wiley Eastern Ltd. Environmental Studies. Ltd. Handbook of environmental laws.. Marine pollution. Narmada Bachao Andolan.Venu Gopala Rao. hill. Pearson Education publishers. Nuclear reactor at Nagarjuna Sagar..N. Environmental education.. Silent Valley Project. effluent treatment plants. Environmental Protection Act.Water (Prevention and control of pollution) act. Environmental Governance.I and II. water treatment plants. monitoring and enforcement of environmental regulation. vol. air (prvention and control of pollution) act. Study of local environment – common plants. Tehri Dam. and Datla A. compliances and standards. 2. Trivedi R. New Delhi .K. Clanderson Press oxford(TB) 4. TEXT BOOK 1. birds. Clark R. 1987. 2. Benny Joseph. INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS: Stockholm conference 1972. Coastal zone regulations. Enviro Media® . slopes etc. McGraw Hill inc..S.SOCIAL ISSUES AND ENVIRONMENT: Population growth and Environment.. De A. Environmental movements. 2005 REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Wiley Eastern Ltd. Ltd. Relegaon Siddi (Anne Hazare).IV INSTITUTIONS AND GOVERNANCE: Regulation by Government. Essentials of Environmental Studies. 2005. guidelines. Ecological and Environmental Studies – Santosh Kumar Garg. UNIT. 1989m.K. Institutions and policies relating to India. 2006. CASE STUDIES: Chipko movement. Earth summit 1992. The Tata McGraw. river.C.Rao. & Engg.Rao M. Environmental Acts.K. FIELD WORK: Visit to a local area to document environmental assets – river/ forest/ grassland/ hill/ mountain. 3..Hill publishing company limited. Study of simple ecosystems – pond. insects.. Visits to industries. Brunner R. P. Hazardous waste incineration. rules. World commission for Environmental Development (WCED).S. Florasis in Andhra Pradesh. 4. PrenticeHall of India Pvt.. New Delhi . Rajeswari Garg (or) Rajani Garg. Kolleru lake aquaculture. New Delhi . Forest conservation act.
. and P. techno-science Publications.Goel. Manoharachary C and Jayarama Reddy P 2004. BS Publications. B S Publications 8. Trivedi R.(TB) 7. introduction to air pollution. Anjaneyulu Y 2004.K. Introduction to Environmental Sciences. Principles of environmental Studies.K.6.
12.Tech First Semester 1. Characteristics of Transistor in Common Base Configuration. 13. Characteristics of Unijunction Transistor.Common Source Amplifier (Voltage gain).Common Emitter Amplifier (Voltage gain). 8. NB: Minimum of 10(Ten) experiments have to be performed and recorded by the candidate to attain eligibility for Practical Examination. 10. 9. Characteristics of Junction Field Effect Transistor. Analysis of Full Wave Rectifier with and without Filters. Analysis of Transistor Self Bias Circuit. Characteristics of PN Junction Diode and Zener Diode. 7. Analysis of Bridge Rectifier with and without Filters 5.Common Collector Amplifier (Current gain). Characteristics of Transistor in Common Emitter Configuration. . Analysis of Half Wave Rectifier with and without Filters. 6. 11.Characteristics of Silicon Controlled Rectifier.EC 3051 ELECTRONIC DEVICES LAB II B. 3. 4. 2.
6.Regulation of 3-Phase altemator by Synchronous Impedance Method 16. NB: A minimum of 10 (Ten) experiments have to be performed and recorded by the candidate to attain eligibility for External Practical Examinations. Verification of Thevenin’s Theorem. Parameters of Given Choke Coil.OC & SC test on Single Phase Transformer. 15. Verification of KCL & KVL. Verification of Reciprocity & Maximum Power Transfer Theorem. 12. Resonance of a RLC Series & Parallel Circuits. Open Circuit Characteristics of a DC Shunt Generator and Obtaining Critical Field 9.Direct Load Test on Single Phase Transformer. 14. 10. 13. .Swinburne’s test on a DC Shunt Machine. 11. 5.Load Test on a DC Shunt Generator.EC 3052 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING LAB II B.Load Test on a DC Compound Generator.Tech First Semester 1. 8. Verification of Superposition Theorem. 4. Resistance and Critical Speed.Direct Load Test on a 3-Phase Induction Motor. 7. Speed Control of a DC Shunt Motor. 3. 2.
New Delhi REFERENCE BOOKS: 1.B. Orthogonal systems. .Bilinear transformation UNIT – III Application of Partial differential equations : Method of separation of variables – classification of partial differential equations of second order – derivation of one dimensional wave equation – solution of one dimensional wave equation by separation of variables – Fourier series solution – derivation of on dimensional heat equation solution by separation of variables – Fourier series solution – Laplace equation – Two dimensional steady state heat flow – solution by separation of variables – Laplace equation in polar coordinates UNIT – IV Series solutions of differential equations: Introduction. validity of series solution.S. Complex integration. 8th Edition.Grewal. TEXT BOOK: 1. Harmonic functions. forms of Series solution. Zeros and singularities. series solution.Khanna Publishers.Erwin Kreyszig.Magnification and Rotation – Invertion and reflection .Wiley Publishers. Analytic functions. calculation of residues. general method (Frobinius method). Series solution of Bessel's and Legendre’s equation. Laurent's series. Recurrence formulae. Advanced Engineering Mathematics . generating functions.EC 4001 UNIT – I MATHEMATICS – IV II B. Cauchy's integral theorem. 37th Edition. Rodrigue's formula. evaluation of real definite integrals (by applying the residue theorem) Standard transformations : Translation . continuity. Higher Engineering Mathematics . Cauchy-Riemann equations. Orthogonality of Bessel's functions and Legendre polynomials. Residue theorem. Cauchy's integral formula UNIT – II Taylor's series.Tech Second Semester Complex Analysis: Introduction.
UNIT-II COMBINATIONAL LOGIC DESIGN Simplification of Logical functions using Karnaugh map method (Two. Addition. Clocked SR. 2. Integrated-Injection logic.EC 4002 UNIT – I DIGITAL ELECTRONICS II B. Gray code. Demorgan laws. Excitation tables of flip-flops. Representation of Binary numbers in sign magnitude. Design of Synchronous counters using State diagrams and Excitation tables. SOP and POS forms. 1978. SIPO. R. Johnson counter. Up-Down counter. Multiplication and Division using different number systems. Parity Generator. High-Threshold logic. 1978 . Sequence generator. 1’s compliment and 2’s compliment form. PLA design. Three and Four variable). 2nd Edition. Full-Subtractor. ROM. T and JK flipflops. Code Converters. Multiplexers. Carry Look-Ahead carry adder. Full-Adder. Digital Systems: Hardware Organization and Design. Diode-Transistor logic. TMH. Synchronous counters. REFERENCES . SISO. MOS logic and CMOS logic families. Hill. Don’t-Care conditions. Demultiplexers. TEXT BOOKS 1. Asynchronous counters. John Wiley and Sons. TransistorTransistor logic. REGISTERS Shift Left. Canonical and standard forms of Boolean functions. Octal and Hexadecimal number systems and their conversion. ALU. Encoders. J. Determination of prime implicants. Binary. Shift Right.Tech Second Semester NUMBER SYSTEM Decimal. Boolean functions. Excess-3 code. Master Slave JK flip-flop. Level triggering. Resistor-Transistor logic. Universal Shift register UNIT – IV LOGIC FAMILIES Characteristics of Digital IC’s. Subtraction with compliment representation. BCD Counter. 7-Segment display decoder. Emitter-Coupled logic. Subtraction. Logic gates. F. simplification of Boolean expressions. COUNTERS Modulus of a Counter. Ring counter. Peterson. UNIT-III SEQUENTIAL LOGIC DESIGN Flip-Flops – SR flip-flop using NAND and NOR gates. Lock-Out in counters. 8421 code. Bi-directional register. Decoders. Schottky TTL. Zvi Kohavi: Switching and Finite Automata Theory. G. realization of Boolean functions using Basic and Universal gates. Direct-Coupled Transistor logic. D. Error detection using Hamming code. Selection of prime implicants COMBINATIONAL LOGIC CIRCUITS USING DISCRETE LOGIC GATES Half-Adder. PIPO registers. PISO. Quine-McCluskey Minimization technique. Binary Counter. BOOLEAN ALGEBRA Fundamental concepts of Boolean algebra. BINARY CODES BCD codes. Half-Subtractor. Flip-flops with Preset and Clear. Edge triggering – Truth tables.
2.Tech Second Semester UNIT – I ELECTROSTATICS: Coulomb’s law and field intensity. UNIT .II MAGNETOSTATICS: Biot-Savart’s Law. R P Jain : Digital Electronics. Mathew NO Sadiku. Wave equation. Elements of Electromagnetics.1. Electric potential. Transformer EMF. Pearson Edn.N. Convection and Conduction Currents.2005. 2nd Edition. W Hayt . Spherical Capacitors. Brewster Angle. 1993 2. Poisson’s and Laplace’s Equations. electric flux density. Engineering Electromagnetics – Nathan Ida. Kraus. 2nd Edition. Wave equations for a conducting medium. Electromagnetics. Dielectric Constant. The equation of continuity for time varying fields. Electric field due to continuous charge distributions. Ltd. Relaxation Time. Mc-Graw Hill. Related Problems TEXT BOOKS: 1. Engineering Electromagnetics.. Magnetic dipole. Maxwell’s equations. Conditions at a boundary surface for both static and time varying fields. Applications of Ampere’s law. Magnetic Vector and Scalar potentials. Power Loss in a Plane Conductor. Polarization. Raju. 5th Edition. Electromagnetic Field Theory and Transmission Lines – G. Conductors and Dielectrics. Coaxial. Energy density in electrostatic fields. Capacitance – Parallel Plate. Relation between E and V. Isotropic and Homogeneous Dielectrics. Continuity Equation. Surface Impedance. Solution for free-space conditions. Motional EMF. Uniform plane-waves and their propagation. Ampere’s circuital law. 2003. Joseph A Edminister. UNIT – IV EM WAVES: Sinusoidal time variations. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Pvt. Potential and field of Electric dipole. Gauss’s Law. Schaum’s Outline Series. Ltd. Related Problems. Energy density in Magnetic fields. TMH. New Delhi . Poynting Vector and Poynting Theorem – Applications. Theory and Problems of Electromagnetics. UNIT – III MAXWELL’S EQUATIONS: Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic induction. Springer ( India ) Pvt. McGraw-Hill 2. Critical Angle and Total Internal Reflection. Taub & Schilling: Digital integrated electronics. . for Perfect Conductor and Perfect Dielectrics. Reflection and Refraction of Plane Waves – Normal and Oblique Incidences. Mc-Graw Hill l. Magnetic flux density.. Inconsistency of Ampere’s Law. Oxford External Press.S. 4th Edition TMH EC 4003 ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES II B. 1997 4. 2005. Maxwell’s equations for static EM fields. Force due to magnetic field. Applications of Gauss law.. 3. 1999.
5. PHI 2003 . EC Jordan and KG Balmain. Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating Systems.
Wein Bridge. Different topologies. RC phase shift oscillator using FET and BJT. TEXT BOOKS: 1. Solid State Pulse Circuits. 3. Cascode transistor amplifier. Single stage CE amplifier response. Feedback concept. FET amplifier at high frequencies – CS / CD amplifiers UNIT – II TRANSISTOR AT HIGH FREQUENCIES: Hybrid model of transistor. OSCILLATORS: Barkhausen criterion for sinusoidal oscillators. 2002. UNIT –III FEEDBACK AMPLIFIERS: Classification of amplifiers. CS / CD / CG configurations at low frequencies. Jacob Millman and Christos C Halkias. Emitter follower at high frequencies. Pearson Education. Frequency response of an amplifier. CE short circuit current gain. 2. Emitter coupled difference amplifier. Electronic Devices and Circuits. Direct coupled amplifier. FET amplifier at higher frequencies (CS. High input resistance circuits – Darlington pair.I TRANSISTOR AMLIFIERS: Hybrid parameter model of transistor. Frequency stability criterion for oscillators. CD Amplifier). 8th Edition. Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory. Colpitt’s oscillators using BJT. Theodore F Bogart Jr. Analysis of transistor amplifier using h Parameter model. 2003 REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. TMH. Schilling and Charles Belove. 2002 2. 4th Ed. Effect of emitter bypass capacitor on overall response. PHI. UNIT – IV MULTISTAGE AMPLIFIERS: Distortion in amplifiers. 6th Edition. CE current gain with Resistive load. Crystal oscillators. PHI.EC 4004 ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS–I II B. Gain Bandwidth product. Band pass of cascaded stages – Interacting and Non-interacting.Tech Second Semester UNIT . Measurement of h parameters.. Millers theorem. Electronic Devices and Circuits. Donald L. Electronic Circuits-Discrete and Integrated. . TMH. RC coupled amplifier. Determination of h parameters from Characteristics. Robert L Boylested and Louis Nashelsky . 2003. Negative feedback amplifiers and their characteristics. Jeffrey S Beasley and Guillermo Rico. Hartley. 2004. David A Bell. Boot Strapped Darlington pair. model. FET AMPLIFIERS: FET amplifiers at low frequencies. 3rd Edition.
Compensating circuits.EC 4005 ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENTS AND INSTRUMENTATION II B Tech Second Semester UNIT I BASIC MEASUREMENT CONCEPTS Measurement systems – Static and dynamic characteristics – error analysis – moving coil meters . Hay. Doebelin. Anderson and Wein bridge. A K Sawahney. Albert D. Types of strain gauges.2000 REFERENCES 1. 1995.DC ammeters. Variable inductance type transducer. Variation of mutual inductance. UNIT IV TRANSDUCERS Introduction. Prentice Hall of India. Integrating. Piezo-electric transducers. Resistance strain gauges. True RMS responding voltmeter. & Cage – Electronic Measurements & Instrumentation -Tata McGraw Hill . Helfrick and William D . Classification of transducers. Ernest O. Guarded Wheatstone. H S Kalsi. 2003.Ramp. TEXT BOOK 1. Dhanpat Rai. Successive approximation. Digital transducers. Maxwell. Resistive transducers. Linear variable differential transformer. Variation of self inductance. Measurement Systems.M. DC voltmeters. Continuous balance. Capacitive transducers. Thermometers. 3. Thermo couple construction. 2. Electronic instrumentation.Cathode ray oscilloscopes – block schematic – applications – special oscilloscopes – Storage and sampling oscilloscopes – wave analyzer . TMH. Oliver B. 2.moving iron meters – Bridge measurements – Wheatstone. Advantages and disadvantages of thermocouples. Shunt type ohmmeter.Application and Design-Tata McGrawHill-2004.distortion analyzer . UNIT III DIGITAL INSTRUMENTS Frequency counters – measurement of frequency and time interval – extension of frequency range – measurement errors . Shaft Encoder. Electronic multimeter – Comparison of analog and digital techniques – digital voltmeter . multimeter . Analog transducers.Cooper – Modern Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques.spectrum analyzer – Q meters. UNIT II BASIC ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENTS AC voltmeters using rectifiers. Stair case ramp. Potentiometers. Semiconductor strain gauges. Rotary variable differential transformer. Kelvin. Application of Thermistors. Electrical And Electronics Measurement and Instrumentation. Schering. Measurement of thermocouple output. Series type ohmmeter. Resistance thermometers. Strain gauges.
Generation of DSB-SC: Balanced modulator. Capture effect in FM. Generation of SSB-SC wave. Quadrature-Carrier multiplexing. FM demodulation employing first order PLL. Digital and Analog Communication Systems. NOISE IN ANALOG MODULATION AM Receiver model. Concepts of pre-envelope. Threshold effect. PWM and PPM. Balanced frequency discriminator – Zero-crossing detector. Generation of FM waves. AM threshold effect. Pearson Education. Spectrum analysis of sinusoidal FM wave. Envelope detector. Simon Haykin. Relation between frequency Modulation and phase modulation. Carson’s Rule. SSC-SC receiver. Generation of VSB modulated wave. Coherent detection of DSB-SC modulated waves. Leon W Couch II. FM threshold reduction. Frequency domain description. . Transmission bandwidth of FM waves. Linearized model of PLL. Comparison of Discrete Modulation Techniques. Equivalent low-pass transmission model. Square law detector. Noise in AM receivers using envelope detection. DSB-SC Modulation. Introduction to Analog and Digital Communication Systems. 3rd Edition. Single tone modulation. Generation of AM wave. Pre-emphasis and De-emphasis in FM. Square law modulator. John Wiley and Sons. TDM. Demodulation of FM waves. Frequency-discrimination method. Direct FM. Detection of AM waves. Noise in FM reception. Single side band modulation: Frequency domain description. Frequency domain description. UNIT III ANGLE MODULATION: Introduction to Angle modulation. Frequency Division Multiplexing (FDM). TEXT BOOKS: 1. Complex low-pass representation of Narrow-band signals.EC 4006 ANALOG COMMUNICATIONS II B Tech Second Semester UNIT – I AMPLITUDE MODULATION: Time domain description. Vestigial side-band modulation. Switching Modulator. Complex envelope and Natural envelope. Time-domain and frequency-domain descriptions of DSB-SC. Costas loop. Indirect FM (Armstrong Method). Envelope detection of VSB wave plus carrier. DSB-SC receiver. Comparison of AM techniques. Phase discrimination method. 2001 2. Practical Considerations. Applications. FM limiters. UNIT – II SSB AND VSB MODULATIONS: Band-pass transmission. FM receiver model. Narrow Band FM and Wide Band FM. Signal to noise ratios for coherent reception. 2004 REFERENCE BOOKS: . UNIT – IV DISCRETE MODULATION Generation and Demodulation of PAM. Single tone frequency modulation. Demodulation of SSB-SC waves.
1. TMH. Taub and Schilling. John Wiley. Sam Shanmugam. Principles of Communication Systems. 1986 2. Second Edition. 1992 . Analog and Digital Communication Systems.
Realisation of Gates using Discrete components and universal building blocks (NAND only) 2. RC Phase shift oscillator 6. 4. Design to Asynchronous Counter. Frequency response of Common Source amplifier 3. Full-Adder Half-subtractor and Full-Subtractor 3. Verification of Truth Table of Flip-Flops using gates 5. Parallel to Serial. Ring Counter and Johnson Counter (To verify Serial to Parallel . Up Counter.Tech Second Semester Electronic Circuits 1. 7.AV. Design of Shift Register. have to be performed and recorded by the candidate to attain eligibility for External practical examination. Multiplexers & Decoders. Measurement of emitter Follower & Source Follower parameters RI. Design of Combinational Logic Circuits like Half-Adder. Two stage RC – Coupled amplifier 5.RO. Mod Counter. Mod Counter. 6. Design of Synchronous. Down Counter and Up/Down counters using Flip-Flops. Wien Bridge Oscillator Digital Electronics 1. Frequency response of Common Emitter Amplifier without & with Feedback (Current series feedback amplifier) 2. Design of Code converters. AI 4. Up Counter. choosing 5(FIVE) from each part. Down Counter and Up/Down counters using Flip-Flops. Serial to Serial and Parallel to Parallel converters) using Flip-Flops. .EC 4051 ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS & DIGITAL ELECTRONICS LAB II B. NB: A minimum of 10(TEN) experiments.
Amplitude Modulation and Demodulation 6.PAM and Reconstruction 12.De Emphasis Circuits 10. SSB SC Modulation and Demodulation 8.PWM and PPM: Generation and Reconstruction 13. DSB SC Modulation and Demodulation 7.EC 4052 ANALOG COMMUNICATION LAB II B Tech Second Semester 1. Design and obtain the output wave forms of Monostable multivibrator 3. Design and obtain the output wave forms of Schmitt trigger 2. Pre Emphasis . Frequency Modulation and Demodulation 9.Verification of Sampling Theorem 11. Design and obtain the output wave forms of Astable multivibrator 4. Design and obtain the output wave forms of UJT Relaxation oscillator 5.Design of Mixer NB: A minimum of 10(Ten) experiments have to be performed and recorded by the candidate to attain eligibility for External Practical Examination .
EC 4053 COMMUNICATION SKILLS LAB II B Tech Second Semester Course work is framed to improve the Communication Skills and Language Skills of the students and marks are awarded based on Internal Assessment .
stability analysis from Bode plots. properties and uses. ramp. conditions for stability. effects of adding poles and zeros to G(s) H(s) on the root loci. properties and construction of the complex root loci. state diagram-construction. root contours – multi parameter variation FREQUENCY RESPONSE ANALYSIS: Introduction. relative. poles and zeros. UNIT – IV DESIGN AND COMPENSATION TECHNIQUES: . correlation between time and frequency response.EC 5001 LINEAR CONTROL SYSTEMS III B Tech First Semester UNIT – I INTRODUCTION: Control system terminology. impulse response function.. zero input stability. frequency domain specifications. bandwidth. sensitivity. constant M and N circles. phase margin and gain margin. root sensitivity. polar (Nyquist) plot. examples of simple control systems open loop and closed loop control systems. magnitude and angle conditions. bounded input – bounded output. stability. time domain specifications. magnitude vs phase plot. rise time. Determination of frequency domain specifications and transfer function from Bode plots. effect of adding poles & zeros to G(s) H(s) on the shape of polar plots. analogous systems. discrete data. transfer functions of open and closed loop systems. characteristic polynomial and characteristic equation of feed back systems. effect of feed back on over all gain. Nichols chart. UNT – III ROOT LOCUS TECHNIQUE: The root locus concept. UNIT – II TIME DOMAIN ANALYSIS: Standard test signals – step. steady state response – steady state error and error constants. signal flow graph. Routh-Hurwitz criterion. transient response of first order and second order systems to standard test signals. effect of adding poles and zeros on over shoot. conditional. basic properties. non linear. types of feedback control systems-linear time invariant and time varying. parabolic and impulse. mechanical and electromechanical systems. Mason’s gain formula. MATHEMATICAL MODELS OF PHYSICAL SYSTEMS: Formulation of differential equations for electrical. typical frequency response plots of ideal low pass and high pass filters. external noise. dominant poles of transfer function. block diagram representation of control systems. STABILITY ANALYSIS IN THE COMPLEX PLANE: Absolute. Nyquist stability criterion. Bode plot. block diagram algebra.
John Van De Vegte. diagonalisation. Williams. 3rd Edition. Jordan canonical form. Schaum’s outline series. New Age International. 1990 . Prentice Hall International. phase variables. Katsuhiko Ogata. state variables. PHI. input vector. Characteristic equation and transfer function from state models. solution of state equation. Theory and Problems of Feedback and Control Systems. 2003 REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. 2002 3. Allen R. 2nd Ed. concept of Controllability and Observabiliy .Introduction. I J Nagrath & M Gopal. PHI. 2001 3. STATE SPACE ANALYSIS: Concepts of state. Pearson Education. Control Systems: Principles and Design. output vector. McGraw Hill International. Joseph J. Stubberud and Ivan J. M N Bandopadhyay . Transformation to phase variable canonical form. diagonal canonical form. 7th Edition. the State transition matrix and its properties. lead-lag compensation techniques based on the frequency response approach. lag. M Gopal. canonical variables. Automatic Control Systems. TMH. Eigen values and Eigen vectors. development of state models for simple systems. TEXT BOOKS: 1. Benjamin C. 2nd Ed. 2003 4. Feed back Control Systems. 1987 2. Modern Control Engineering. 4th Edition. Control Engineering: Theory and Practice. preliminary design considerations – lead. state vector. Control Systems Engineering. Distefano. 2003 2. Kuo.
T and section equivalents to lines. Input and output impedance of open and short circuited lines. Input and transfer impedance. Microwave Techniques. M N O Sadiku. Velocity of propagation. Transverse electromagnetic waves. Transverse electric waves. Insertion loss. Wave impedance and characteristic impedance. 2000 2. UNIT – II TRANSMISSION LINE AT HIGH FREQUENCIES Parameters of open wire line at high frequencies. 2003. Field distribution in the transverse and longitudinal sections. Impossibility of TEM waves in hollow wave guides. Constants for the line of zero dissipation. 2003. Current flow on walls for dominant and other important modes. A Kumar. Velocities of propagation. Group velocity. The distortionless line. 1995 2. Field distribution in the transverse and longitudinal planes.factor of wave guide. PHI. Reflection coefficient. Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating Systems. PHI. Input impedance of the dissipation less line. Elements of Electromagnetics. Waveform distortion. UNIT – III GUIDED WAVES Waves between parallel planes. Reflection factor and reflection loss. Voltages and current on dissipation line. Attenuation factor and Q . Transverse magnetic waves. Power and impedance measurement on lines. Transmission Lines. Single stub matching and its applications limited to single stub. NAI (P) LTD. Reflection losses on the unmatched line. Inductance loading of telephone cables. UNIT – IV RECTANGULAR WAVE GUIDES Transverse magnetic waves. introduction to double stub matching. Wavelength. Telephone cable. Computing primary and secondary constants. Parameters of coaxial lines at high frequencies. Reflection on a line not terminated in Zo. Characteristics of TE and TM waves. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. John D Ryder. Transmission line general solution.EC 5002 TRANSMISSION LINES AND WAVEGUIDES III B Tech First Semester UNIT – I TRANSMISSION LINES A line of cascaded T-sections. Standing waves. 2nd Edition. Standing wave ratio. Open and short circuited lines. E C Jordan and K G Balmain. Attenuation in parallel plane guides. . Oxford University Press. The infinite line. 3rd Edition. Attenuation constant and phase constant. Current flow on the walls for dominant and other important modes. Propagation constant. CIRCULAR WAVEGUIDES: Introduction to Circular waveguides (Qualitative treatment only) TEXT BOOKS: 1. Problems on above. Networks Lines and Fields. Transverse electric waves.
Methods for improving switching speed and resolution of the binary –Emitter coupled Astable multivibrator – Astable Multivibrator as voltage to frequency converter TIME BASE GENERATORS Voltage time base generators – Errors – time base signal. Clamping circuit theorem. UNIT – IV REGULATED POWER SUPPLIES: Design and analysis of Series and Shunt regulators using discrete components. pulse. square. Direct Coupled Push-Pull. TEXT BOOKS: . Protection techniques. Complementary Symmetry Push-Pull. Push-Pull. Double tuned transformer coupled amplifier. Blocking Oscillators – Monostable and Astable blocking oscillators. Tuned secondary FET amplifier. Exponential sweep circuit – Transistorized constant current sweep circuit – Miller and Boot strap time base circuit. Tuned primary amplifier. step. ramp and exponential inputs. Practical clamping circuits. Phase inverter circuits for power amplifiers. Stagger tuned amplifier and Synchronously tuned amplifier. Multi-diode circuits. Class C power amplifiers. UPS. Harmonic distortion in amplifiers. Temperature considerations. Transformer Coupled Class A. Class B. UNIT – II LINEAR WAVE SHAPING: Responses of RC-high pass circuit and low pass circuits to sinusoidal. Current time base generators – simple current sweep generator . Transient and steady state response of a diode clamping circuit.EC 5003 ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS–II III B Tech First Semester UNIT – I POWER AMPLIFIERS: Design and analysis of Direct-Coupled Class A. NON-LINEAR WAVE SHAPING: Clipping circuits with diodes. TUNED AMPLIFIERS: Single tuned amplifier. UNIT – III MULTIVIBRATORS Bistable multivibrator – Fixed bias – Self bias binary circuits. Switching Mode Power Supplies.Linearity correction through adjustment of the driving waveform to nonlinear waveform.
PHI. TMH. Jacob Millman and Herbert Taub. 5th Ed. Electronic Circuits-Discrete and Integrated. Integrated Electronics: Analog and Digital Circuits and Systems. Electronic Devices and Circuits. 2003 REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. PHI. David A Bell. John D Ryder. PHI. 2002 2. Jacob Millman and Christos C Halkias. Digital and Switching Waveforms. 3rd Ed. 2003 . Electronic Fundamentals and Applications : Integrated and Discrete Systems. TMH.1. 2003 3. 4th Edition. 2003 4. Donald L. Schilling and Charles Belove. 8th Edition. Pulse. Robert L Boylested and Louis Nashelsky . TMH. Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory. 2003 2.
Tech First Semester UNIT I BASIC STRUCTURE OF COMPUTERS Computer Types.1998. PHI/Pearson. Algorithms. Memory UNIT IV INPUT-OUTPUT ORGANIZATION Peripheral Devices.Moris Mano. Asynchronous data transfer Modes of Transfer. Arithmetic Micro-operations. Register Transfer. 2. STACK organization. Addressing modes. design of control unit Hard wired control. IIIrd Edition. Address sequencing. micro-program example.2002. TEXT BOOKS : 1. Micro programmed control. Program control. Associative Memory. Zvonko Vranesic.Hayes. Functional unit. Main Auxilliary Memory. PHI/Pearson. shift micro operations. multiplication Algorithms. Computer Architecture and Organization John P.EC 5004 COMPUTER ORGANIZATION III B. Software Performance. logic micro operations. Memory – Reference Instructions. Arithmetic logic shift unit. – Point Division Memory. Floating Representation. Priority Interrupt Direct memory Access. Semiconductor Memories. Cache Memory. Computer Organization and Architecture – William Stallings Sixth Edition. McGraw Hill. Computer Registers. UNIT III COMPUTER ARITHMETIC Data Representation. Fixed Point Representation. Management Hardware. multiprocessors and multi computers. Vth Edition. Floating – point Arithmetic operations. . McGraw-Hill. Bus and memory transfers. Data Transfer and manipulation. Bus structures. Addition and subtraction. REGISTER TRANSFER LANGUAGE AND MICROOPERATIONS Register Transfer language. THE MEMORY SYSTEM Memory Device. Instruction cycle. Instruction formats. Safwat Zaky. 2.3rd ED. Computer Systems Architecture – M. Input-Output Interface. Memory Hierarchy. Virtual Memory. Computer instructions. Basic Operational concepts. Input –Output Processor (IOP) Serial communication. Input – Output and Interrupt. UNIT II BASIC COMPUTER ORGANIZATION AND DESIGN Instruction codes. REFERENCE : 1. Computer Organization – Carl Hamacher. Reduced Instruction set computer MICRO PROGRAMMED CONTROL Control memory.
Schmitt Trigger. Successive Approximation A/D converters. The Op Amp with complex impedance. R-2R Ladder D/A converter. Dual slope converters. Sample and hold circuit. Op-Amp Error sources. Band stop filters. Non Linear Op Amp circuits. Slew rate. Basic comparator. Parallel A/D converters. Differential and instrumentation amplifiers. Window detector. Triangular wave generator. Phase Locked Loops. Operating principles. A/D conversion: Ramp converters. Precision rectifiers. Positive and negative clampers.Tech First Semester UNIT – I OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS: Block diagram of Operational Amplifier. Peak detector. Frequency stability. high speed and precision type comparators. Zero-crossing detector. TEXT BOOKS: .EC 5005 LINEAR ICs and APPLICATIONS III B. Voltage to current and current to voltage conversion. Phase shift oscillator. Monolithic PLLs. UNIT – IV APPLICATIONS OF SPECIAL ICS: The 555 timer. Sallen key LP and HP filters. Wein bridge oscillator. Voltage controlled oscillator. Voltage limiters. Absolute value output circuit. State variable filters. Band pass filters: Wideband. Frequency compensation and stability. D/A conversion fundamentals. Square-wave generator. 555 as Monostable and Astable Multivibrator and applications. UNIT – II OSCILLATORS: Oscillator principles. CLAMPERS & CONVERTERS: Positive and negative clippers. Ideal voltage amplifiers. Bandwidth limitations. UNIT – III CLIPPERS. Quadrature oscillator. All pass filters. Weighted resistor summing D/A Converter. Band pass and multiple feedback Band pass filters. Differentiators and integrators. 565 PLL applications. A 723 Voltage Regulator and its design ACTIVE FILTERS: Active LP and HP filters. Oscillator types. COMPARATORS: Introduction to comparator. Negative feedback concept in Op Amps. Tracking A/D converters. Saw tooth wave generator. Comparator characteristics. OP-AMP APPLICATIONS: The summing amplifier. Limitations of Op-Amps as comparators. Cascaded M Op-Amps.
Shail B. Applications and Design with Analog Integrated Circuits. Butterworth & Company Publ. 2nd Edition. 2003. McGraw-Hill. Denton J Dailey.Roy and Choudhury. Operational Amplifiers. New Age International (P)Limited. 2./ Elsevier.Jain. 2003.Clayton. . C. J. 2.Ltd. 1989. PHI. Operational Amplifiers and Linear Integrated Circuit Theory and Applications.1.G. Linear Integrated Circuits.1971 REFERENCES: 1. 2nd Edition.Michael Jacob. D.
synchronization. Colour signal generation and Encoding: Perception of brightness and colours. Receiver sound system: FM detection. TV Receiver Tuners: Tuner operation.EC 5006 UNIT I COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS III B Tech First Semester RADIO TRANSMITTERS Frequency allocation for radio communication systems. RF. Choice of IF. Mixer and IF stages. TV Standards: American 525 line B&W TV system. COLOUR SIGNAL DECODING : PAL – D decoder. Television Pictures: Geometric form and aspect ratio. noise cancellation. PAL encoder. PAL-D Colour Receiver: Electron tuners. Block diagrams and functions of radio transmitters for AM and FM systems. Monochrome TV camera. ACC amplifier. NTSC colour system. Vidicon. MONOCHROME TV RECEIVER : RF tuner. AGC. RADIO RECEIVERS TRF and Superheterodyne receivers. Composite video signal: Horizontal and vertical sync. scanning sequence. image continuity. Color burst separation. encoding of colour difference signals. digital tuning techniques. Communication receivers. chroma signal amplifiers. Indent . sound section. additive colour mixing. UNIT II INTRODUCTION : TV transmitter and receivers. Colour receiver IF subsystem. UNIT III PICTURE TUBES : Monochromatic Picture tube. Fading and diversity reception. picture resolution. scanning circuits. TV standards. separation of U and V signals. IF subsystem. FM Sound detectors. Electrostatic focussing. VHF and UHF tuners. interlaced scanning. video amplifier. Separation of U & V Colour Phasors. Reference oscillator. FM receivers. Tone and volume controls. colour difference signals. luminance signal. video and intercarrier sound signal detection. picture tube characteristics and specifications. video signals for colours. formation of chrominance signals. Subcarrier generation. 625-line monochrome system. PAL colour system. IF subsystem. Y-signal channel. Image frequency. Chroma decoder. raster circuits UNIT IV VISION IF SUBSYSTEM : AGC. vision IF subsystem of Black and White receivers. color camera. synchronous demodulators. Beam deflection. Silicon Diode Array Vidicon. remote control of receiver functions. sync separation and processing. colour picture tubes. typical applications. deflection circuits. TV CAMERAS : Camera tube types. Alignment and tracking of radio receivers. CCD Image Sensors. Burst phase discriminator. Receiver characteristics and their measurements.
R. 2. Gulati. III & IV ) REFERENCES : 1.E. 4th Ed. 4. Dhake. Monochrome and Colour TV – R.R. U & V demodulators.A. 1994. Grob and C. Colour Television Theory and Practice – S. 1999. Technology and Service – R.and colour killer circuits. Colour signal mixing.P. 1999 ( Unit I ) 2. Mc Graw Hill. TMH. 3. Herndon. 2002. . 2nd Edition. Gulati. McGraw Hill. George Kennedy. TEXT BOOKS : 1. 2002 ( Unit II . Modern Television Practice – Principles. Bali. New Age International Publication. Electronic Communication Systems. Basic Television and Video Systems – B.M. RO phase shift and 180o PAL–SWITCH circuitry. New Age International Publication. Television and Video Engineering .
8. 9. Verification of sampling theorem Experiments Based On PSPICE 7. Generation and Detection of FM 4. 10. NB: A minimum of 10(Ten) experiments have to be performed and recorded by the candidate to attain eligibility for External Practical Examination .Verification of Half-wave and Full-wave rectifier. 11. Frequency Response of CE Amplifier. Simulation of LPF and HPF 6.Design and Verification of Class-A Power Amplifier. 12. Fourier Transforms 2. Design of Wein-Bridge Oscillator.Verification of Amplitude Modulation and Demodulation.EC 5051 Simulation Lab III B Tech First Semester Experiments Based On MATLAB 1. Generation and Detection of AM 3. Frequency Response of CS Amplifier. Generation and Detection of PM 5.
Schmitt Trigger) PLL using 556 Design of IC Regulator using 723 Design of VCO using 566 D-A Converter (R-2R Ladder) NB: A minimum of 10(Ten) experiments have to be performed and recorded by the candidate to attain eligibility for External Practical Examination . 7. 9. 6. 3. 4. Subtractor. 2. Linear Wave-Shaping Non-linear Wave-Shaping Design and Verification of Astable Multivibrator using 741 IC Design and Verification of Monostable Multivibrator using 741 IC Design and Verification of Schmitt Trigger(using discrete components and using IC741) Measurement of Op-amp Parameters Applications of Op-amp (Adder. 5. Monostable. Differentiator) Instrumentation Amplifier using Op-Amp Waveform Generation using Op-amp(Square. 11. 13. Triangular) Design of Active Filters(LPF&HPF-First Order) Application of 555 Timer (Astable. 12. 10. 8. 15.EC 5052 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS LAB III B Tech First Semester 1. 14. Integrator.
. . . . . . . . . . Typing. . . . name of the candidate. . Paper. .TECH Size: The project report should be submitted in A4 size. . . .No) COLLEGE EMBLEM . . . . . and year. . (Name) & (Roll. . . . . Fresh para should commence after five spaces.Tech. . CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the project report entitled . . . of team members. . . . . . (Title) A Project Report Submitted to ACHARYA NAGARJUNA UNIVERSITY In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of degree of BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY with specialization in ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATIONS 2). . . . . . . . . Two plain blank papers should be provided at the beginning and at the end. . by. . . . . Third page: Same as cover page Fourth page: The Fourth page should contain a certificate signed by the Guide in the following format. . . . Number of copies to be submitted: 3 + No. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The layout should provide a margin of 2” on the left. . The page numbers shall be indicated at the bottommiddle of each page. . . . . . in partial fulfillment for the award of the Degree of Bachelor of Technology . . . . . . The bound front cover should indicate in black embossed letter the following: 1). Binding: The Dissertation shall be properly bound. ………………………………………. . . . . using rexine of sky blue colour otherwise it will be rejected. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1. 4) Bottom: DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING VR SIDDHARTHA ENGINEERING COLLEGE VIJAYAWADA-520007 April 2007 5) The bound-side must indicate B. . 1” on the top. . . . . . .EC 5053 MINI PROJECT GUIDELINES FOR PREPARING THE MINI PROJECT REPORT FOR B. . . . . . . . . . .16 point size . . . . . . . . . . . that is being submitted by Sri/Ms. . . . .5 line spacing shall be provided throughout the report. . . . . . . . bottom and right. Format: Bond paper should be used for the preparation of the Project Report. . Typing should be done on the Times new Roman 12 point size letters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
the first digit representing chapter and the second representing the photograph number. .e. to the Acharya Nagarjuna University is a record of bonafide work carried out by ----------------------------------------------------under my guidance and supervision. The results embodied in this project report have not been submitted to any other University or Institute for the award of any degree SIGNATURE OF THE GUIDE: NAME Date HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT NAME Date: Fifth page: The fifth page may include the ‘Acknowledgment’. . NOTE: All the above pages are to be numbered in Roman numerals of lower case. The arrangement of paragraph in a Chapter. The candidate may emphasise here his contributions.2 . figures and tables occurring in a chapter may be serially numbered as Fig.1. 4. may be indicated as 1. list of tables. . 6. 2. etc i. There is no need to indicate the number for the first section in a chapter.1.1. . 1. the second digit represents figure number. the second representing the section and the third representing the sub-section. Page 7th & 8th: In these pages. 2. where the first digit represents the chapter. Introduction Literature Survey/Review of Literature Theoretical Analysis Experimental Investigations Experimental Results Discussion of Results Summary.1. 1. . Arrangement of Chapters: The following is the suggested format for arranging the project report matter into various Chapters. candidate must provide a table of contents. 3. . 2. . Graphs: The graph should clearly indicate the points which are used for drawing the curve or curves. . . Figures and Tables: The photographs. 7. The photographs may be represented as photo 1. The points may be indicated by the following symbols. conclusions & Recommendations References/Bibliography Appendices (if any).1..in . 1. Photographs. Sub-section. ..1. All the letters in the graphs should be written with stencils. . where the first digit represents the Chapter Number and second digit the section number. 5. Bibliography or References: The following format may be used for writing the Bibliography/References. Sixth page: The sixth page may contain an abstract of the Project report.2 etc. .2 etc.. 8. the first digit representing the chapter. if any. . . . 1. 9. list of figures and photographs and notation..1.2 etc. Each section in a chapter should be properly numbered for example. .
Hamming Codes. QPSK. Pulse Code Modulation: Encoding. Ideal Nyquist channel. Syndrome Decoding . 1986 2. Generation. Principles of Digital Communication. EC 6001 UNIT-1 PULSE MODULATION: DIGITAL COMMUNICATIONS III B Tech Second Semester ECE Quantization Process. Channel coding theorem. Convolution codes. DPSK. Intersymbol interference. BFSK. Source Coding Theorem. Bernard Sklar. Properties. Digital Communication. Properties. Channel capacity. Discrete memoryless channels. Huffman Coding. Raised cosine spectrum. J Das . UNIT-II DIGITAL PASSBAND TRANSMISSION: Introduction. Entropy. 3rd Edition 2. Taub and Schilling. Differential Pulse Code Modulation (DPCM) BASE BAND PULSE TRANSMISSION: Matched filter. NAI(P). Modified Duobinary signalling.the author and the year of publication is quoted without serial number. Probability of error. Information. 2nd Edition.2000 . Gram Schmidt Orthogonalization procedure. detection of signals with unknown phase: Coherent BPSK. Pearson Education. Mutual information. Cyclic Codes. SK Mallik and PK Chatterjee. TMH. Quantization Noise. viterbi algorithm TEXT BOOKS : 1. Nyquist’s criterion for distortionless baseband binary transmission. Non Coherent BFSK. Shannon Fano Coding.It is preferred that in the text . the list should be made strictly in alphabetic order of the name of the authors. Pass band transmission model. 2001 REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Properties of Entropy. Decoding. Correlation receiver. John Wiley & Sons. Delta Modulation. Simon Haykin. UNIT IV ERROR CONTROL CODING: Linear Block Codes. Regeneration. Geometric interpretation of signals. Duobinary signalling. Information capacity theorem. Differential entropy and mutual information for continuous ensembles. Communication Systems. Decoding. 2nd Ed. At the end of report where the listing of references is done. Principles of Communication Systems. Correlative level coding. UNIT-III INFORMATION THEORY: Uncertainty. Maximum likelihood Decoding. Coherent detection of signals in noise.
Pentium III. Instruction descriptions. Pentium. Microcomputer systems: The 8086/8088 Family.EC 6002 UNIT – I MICROPROCESSORS & INTERFACING III B Tech Second Semester 8086 MICROPROCESSOR: Introduction to Microcomputers and Microprocessors. 8086 internal architecture. Pentium 4: Architecture. 2 nd Edition. Writing programs for use with an assembler. Microprocessors and Interfacing : Programming and Hardware. Advanced Microprocessors and Peripherals: Architecture. Interfacing a DIGITAL INTERFACING: Programmable parallel microprocessor to keyboards. Writing and using procedures and assembler macros. TMH. Yu-cheng Liu. 8251. Constructing the machine codes for 8086 instructions. 2004 REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. The DMA data transfer. Types and interfacing. KM Bhurchandi. An example minimum mode system: SDK 86. 80386. 2003 . Assembly language program development tools. Architecture. 80286. Glenn A Gibson. 8259. TEXT BOOKS: 1. Barry B Brey. 2nd Edition. TMH. Programming the 8086. Interfacing and applications. 2. 2003. 6th Edition. The 8086 maximum mode. 80186 / 80188. PHI. Programming and Interfacing. RS 232C serial data standard. 80486. AK Ray. UNIT . Addressing memory and ports in Microcomputer system. UNIT – III INTERRUPTS: 8086 Interrupts and Interrupt Responses ports and Handshake input/output.IV PROGRAMMABLE DEVICES: Introduction to programmable peripheral devices: 8253/8254. Douglas V Hall. Programming and Interfacing. Pentium Pro Processor. Introduction to 8086 microprocessor family. Addressing modes. Assembler directives. ANALOG INTERFACING: D/A converter operation. 2003 2. The Intel Microprocessors 8086 / 8088. Programming and Design. PHI. Pentium II. UNIT – II 8086 PROGRAMMING AND SYSTEM CONNECTIONS: Program development steps. A/D converter specificati ons.
Digital Conversion. Discrete Fourier Transform. UNIT-II IIR FILTER DESIGN TECHNIQUES: Introduction. Lonnie C Ludeman. Hamming window. 2001. Frequency Sampling method. Analog –to. 3rd Edn. TEXT BOOKS: 1. Hanning window. Types of quantization in Digital Filters. Generalized Hamming window. Properties of DFT. Frequency response. Decimation in frequency FFT algorithm. John Wiley & Sons. Ifeacher E. Finite word length effects in FFT algorithms. Types of arithmetic in digital systems.EC 6003 UNIT-I DFT and FFT: DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING III B Tech Second Semester Discrete Fourier Series. Prentice Hall. Addison Wesley. Computation of inverse DFT. Theory and application of Digital signal Processing Lawrence R. TMH. Fundamentals of Digital Signal Processing.2000.Gard and D. Designing FIR filters using windowing methods: Rectangular window. Digital Signal Processing . 2003.PHI. 2.analog Conversion.Salivahanan. Digital-to. Proakis. Johnny R. Finite word length effects in IIR digital Filters.G. Computations for evaluating DFT.. Bartlett triangular window. Johnson. Decimation in time FFT algorithms. Design of digital filters using frequency transformation method. TMH. Truncation. Block floating point. 2003 3. Canonic. Floating point arithmetic. Digital Signal Processing. A Practical Approach. Parallel and Ladder realizations UNIT-IV FINITE WORD LENGTH EFFECTS IN DIGITAL FILTERS : Introduction. J. Alan V Oppenheim and Ronald W Schafer. Linear convolution using DFT. & Jervis B.Manolakis. fixed point arithmetic.. 2. UNIT-III FIR FILTER DESIGN TECHNIQUES : Introduction to characteristics of linear phase FIR filters. Design of Digital Butterworth and Chebyshev filters using bilinear transformation.W. Digital Signal Processing : Principals. 2nd Edition. Cascade. 5. Pearson Education/PHI..Rabiner. 2004. S K Mitra. . 6. Properties of DFS. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Bernard gold.S. Properties of IIR filters. Comparison of IIR and FIR filters REALIZATION OF DIGITAL FILTERS : Direct. 2003 4. Rounding. PHI. Introduction to Digital Signal Processing. Digital Signal Processing: A Computer Based Approach. Algorithms and Applications .. Digital Signal Processing. Impulse invariance transformation methods.C.
common methods of depreciation.ECD 6004 UNIT – I GENERAL MANAGEMENT: INDUSTRIAL MANAGEMENT III B Tech Second Semester Principles of scientific management. planning and control. Channels of distribution. The straight line method. William G Sullivan. 2004 REFERENCE BOOKS: . future worth method. types of depreciation. I & II. Advertising & Sales promotion.Paul Degarmo. 1978. 1979 1. Pearson Education. Vol. Marketing Management. present worth method. Leadership and motivation. P and C charts. Market Research. Engineering Economy. Product life cycle. Joint Stock Company. EPQ. Partnership. job design. Hand Book of Materials Management. single and double sampling. 2. 10th Edition. Industrial Management. Acceptance sampling. Management. ABC Analysis. 11th Ed. 2. the sum of the years digits method. Heinz Weirich and Harold Koontz. FORMS OF BUSINESS ORGANISATION: Salient features of sole proprietorship. Mac Millan Publishing Co. UNIT – III PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT: Types of production systems. TEXT BOOKS: 1. compound interest. UNIT – IV MATERIAL MANAGEMENT: Purchasing. P. Job Analysis. John R Chanda. KK Ahuja. PHI. INSPECTION AND QUALITY CONTROL: PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT: Concept and types of Inspection. 2004. E. value analysis. DEPRECIATION: Purpose. Source Selection. brief treatment of functions of production. Gopalakrishnan. Dhanpat Rai. equivalent cash flow diagram ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF ALTERNATIVES: Basic methods. Inventory Management –EOQ. TMH. OC curve. Objective. personnel functions. declining balance method. Procurement Methods. private limited and public limited companies. Brief treatment of managerial functions. 1999 3. Philip Kotler. UNIT – II FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT: Concept of interest. Control charts – X. the annual equivalent method. product analysis. MARKETING MANAGEMENT: Functions of Marketing. The personnel function. R..
Kraus and Ronald J Marhefka. Pyramidal and conical Horn antenna. Extended-range Propagation resulting from Tropospheric Scattering. Atmospheric effects in space-wave Propagation. Radiation intensity. Potential functions-heuristic approach. Variations of Field strength with height in space-wave Propagation. Radio-Horizon. Skip Distance. Log periodic antenna. Potential functions for sinusoidal oscillations. Antennas For all Applications. Corner reflector antenna. 2003 2. Maxwell’s equation approach. Principle of multiplication of patterns. Tata Mc Graw Hill. Refraction and reflection of Sky Waves by the Ionosphere. 2nd Edition. Alternating current element. Antenna polarisation. Earth constants. F. Effect of curvature of an Ideal Earth. 1985. Helical antenna. 2003 . Terman. Duct Propagation. Folded Dipole. Half power Beam width. Maximum Usable Frequency. Side lobe level and beam width of broadside array. Relation between maximum effective aperture and directivity. Gyro frequency. Beam width of end fire array. UNIT – II ANTENNA FUNDAMENTALS Isotropic.E. Uniform linear array. Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating Systems. Application to short antennas. TEXT BOOKS: 1. Principle patterns. Parabolic reflector antennas . Assumed current distribution.D. Directional. Power gain. Harper and Row Publishers. Power radiated by current element. Field regions. Constantine A Balanis. Effect of earth on vertical patterns. Yagi Uda array. Antenna Theory : Analysis and Design. lonospheric Propagation. UNIT – III CHARATERISTICS OF TYPICAL ANTENNAS: V and Rhombic antennas. Friss transmission equation ARRAY ANTENNAS Two element array. Directive gain. Effective aperture of antenna. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. J. 2002 3. Travelling wave antennas and the effect of the point of feed on standing wave antennas. Critical Frequency. Electronic and Radio Engineering. Binomial array. PHI. Power loss factor. Omni-directional patterns. Edward C Jordan and Keith G Balmain. Cassegrain system of reflectors. Basic principles of slot antennas and micro strip antennas UNIT – IV RADIO WAVE PROPAGATION Ground wave Propagation. Space-wave Propagation. Radiation from quarter wave Monopole / half wave dipole. Radiation density. Mc Graw Hill.EC 6005 UNIT – I ANTENNAS AND WAVE PROPAGATION III B Tech Second Semester RADIATION Radiation Mechanism.Paraboloid and parabolic cylinder. Radiation efficiency.
1999. Full Custom ASICs. Neil H E Weste and Kamran Eshranghian. CMOS inverter. 2. BICMOS inverters. gm. Pearson Education.Tech Second Semester Introduction to IC technology. TEXT BOOKS: 1. TMH Edition. choice of layers. Basic MOS transistors-Enhancement and Depletion Mode transistors. Wiring capacitances. Pearson Education. Types. Importance of test-BST. Douglas L. Basic circuit concepts-Sheet resistance Rs. ATPG. Behavioral Modeling. Principles of CMOS VLSI Design. Programmable logic devices. Scaling factors for device parameters. gds. 2002. Simulation. Pull-up to pulldown ratio. Operators. threshold voltage Vt. Fundamentals of Digital Logic with VHDL Design. Hardware Description Language: VHDL. examples of Structured Design (combinational logic). TMH. Latch-up in CMOS circuits. CPLDs and FPGAs.Bhasker. Design rules and layout.EC 6006 UNIT-I VLSI SYSTEM DESIGN III Year B. Synthesis. 4-bit shifter. standard cell based ASICs. Basic Electrical Properties Of MOS and BICMOS Circuits: Ids versus Vds relationships. Libraries and Packages. PHI 2002. Gate Logic. A VHDL Primer. Figure of merit ùo. Design process of 4-bit arithmetic processor. Pass transistor. UNIT-IV Introduction to ASICs.. VHDL: Programming by Example. Structural Modeling. functions and Procedures.Pucknell and Kamran Eshranghian. UNIT-II MOS circuit Design processes: MOS layers. UNIT-III Subsystem design and layout: Architectural issues. ASIC Design flow. 2nd edition. Program Structure. switch logic. Dataflow Modeling. NMOS fabrication. Scaling models. Douglas A. . A system perspective. 3.PLAs. Propagation delays. Perry. ALU. adder. BIST. Stephen Brown and Z Vonko Vranesic. 2002. Fourth Edition REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. PALs. Third edition. The Delay unit. NMOS inverter. Basic VLSI Design. Standard unit of capacitance. Third edition. CMOS fabrication and BICMOS technology. Gate array based ASICs. Objects and Constants. multipliers. Stick diagrams. 2. J. Inverter delays.
6. choosing 5 (Five) from each part.LCD Interface NB: A minimum of 10(Ten) experiments. have to be performed and recorded by the candidate to attain eligibility for Practical Examination . 3. DAC Interface-Waveform generation 8. Programs on Data Transfer Instructions of 8086 Programs on Arithmetic And Logical Instructions of 8086 Programs on Branch Instructions of 8086 Programs on Subroutines of 8086 Sorting of an Array Programs on Interrupts(Software and Hardware) Experiments Based on Interfacing with 8086 7. 4.ADC Interface 11. Keyboard Interface 10.EC 6051 MICROPROCESSORS & INTERFACING LAB III B Tech Second Semester Experiments Based on ALP 1. 5.Real Time Clock Interface 12. Stepper Motor Control 9. 2.
Simulation of M-ary PSK 10. Generation and Detection of ASK. choosing 5 (Five) from each part.EC 6052 DIGITAL COMMUNICATION LAB III B Tech Second Semester Experiments Based on Hardware 1. 5. Design of LPF without and with Windows 12. Generation and Detection of PSK&QPSK. 4. Delta Modulation and Demodulation. have to be performed and recorded by the candidate to attain eligibility for External Practical Examination . 2. Generation and Detection of FSK. Simulation of M-ary FSK 11. Generation of PN Sequence 14. Simulation of DPCM 9. Generation and Detection of PCM. Simulation of DFT NB: A minimum of 10(Ten) experiments. Experiments Based on MATLAB and Tool Boxes 8. Generation and Detection of TDM 6. Design of HPF without and with Windows 13. Generation and Detection of DPSK 7. 3.
Universal Shift register 11.EC 6053 VLSI SYSTEM DESIGN LAB III B Tech Second Semester Simulate and synthesis the following modules using VHDL 1. Design of ALU 5. 8 to 3 Priority Encoder.RAM (16x4)-(Read and Write operations) 12. 4-bit adder 3.Testbench to JK flipflop NB: A minimum of 10(Ten) experiments have to be performed and recorded by the candidate to attain eligibility for External Practical Examination EC 7001 MICROWAVE ENGINEERING . Multiplexers. Logic Gates 2. Asynchronous Up Down Counters 9. De-Multiplexers 4. 4 bit Magnitude Comparator 7. BCD to 7 Segment Decoder 6. Digital Clock 10. Modulo-N Synchronous. Parity Generator and Parity Checker 8.
Gyrator (elementary principles only). Directional couplers. ML Sisodia and GS Raghuvamshi. Equivalent circuit of magic Tee. Impedance measurements. 1987 2. Circulator. UNIT – III MICROWAVE SOLID-STATE DEVICES: Microwave Tunnel diode. Detection of Microwaves. reflex Klystron. shunt or H-plane Tee. Directional couplers in use. Ferrite Devices. Samuel Y Liao. Microwave Devices and Circuits. output power and beam loading. Applications of directional couplers. IMPATT diode. Wiley Eastern. Tee junction parameters. Coupler parameters. Frequency measurement. Microwave Circuits and Passive Devices. Multicavity Klystron amplifiers: beam current density. CFA and BWO (Qualitative analysis only). output current and output power of two cavity Klystron. Gunn Effect diodes and modes of operation. scattering coefficient measurements. 2003 3.IV B Tech Second Semester UNIT – I MICROWAVE TUBES: Limitations of Conventional tubes at Microwave frequencies. Attenuators. Theorems on Tee junctions. UNIT – II MICROWAVE PASSIVE COMPONENTS: Wave guide bends and twists. Velocity modulation. Microwave power measurement. Varactor diodes. TEXT BOOKS: 1. Microwave resonators. 2003 . waveguide Tees. Power output and efficiency. Avalanche transit time diodes: Read diode. fields and currents in Tee junctions. Pin diodes. Bunching process. UNIT – IV MICROWAVE MEASUREMENTS: Components of Microwave Bench. parametric amplifier and Crystal detectors. 3rd Edition. RE Collin. IEEE Press Series. Faraday Rotation Isolator. Microwave crossed field tubes: Cylindrical Magnetron. VSWR measurement. Rectangular and cylindrical cavity resonators. Foundations for Microwave Engineering. Applications of magic Tee. TRAPATT diode. series of E-plane Tee. Pearson Education. Traveling Wave tubes. Klystron: Velocity modulation process.
UNIT - I
MOBILE AND CELLULAR COMMUNICATIONS
IV B Tech First Semester
INTRODUCTION TO MOBILE COMMUNICATION Evolution of Mobile Radio Communication, Examples of Wireless Communication Systems. Paging system, Cordless telephones systems, Cellular telephone Systems, Cellular concept: Frequency reuse, Channel Assignment strategies, Hand off strategies. Interference and System capacity, Improving coverage and capacity in cellular systems. UNIT – II MOBILE RADIO PROPAGATION Large Scale Fading: Free space propagation model: Three basic propagation mechanisms. Reflection, Diffraction scattering, Link budget design using path loss models Small Scale Fading: Multipath Propagation, Types of small scale fading, Parameters of Mobile Multipath channels, Fading effects due to multipath time delay, Spread and Doppler spread, Statistical models for multipath fading channels. Equalization: Fundamentals of Equalizers, Linear equalizers, Nonlinear equalizers, Decision feedback equalizers, MLSE Diversity Techniques: Space diversity: MRC, EGC Selection diversity, Polarization diversity, Frequency diversity, Time diversity, Rake Receiver. UNIT - III WIRELESS NETWORKING (2G) GSM Architecture: Mobile station, Base station system, Network and switching Sub system, Radio interface, Location Tracking & call set up, Architecture UNIT - IV HANDOFFS AND DROPPED CALLS Value of Implementing Handoffs, Initiation of a Handoff, Delaying a Handoff, Forced Handoffs, Queuing of Handoffs, Power-Difference Handoffs, Mobile Assisted Handoff (MAHO) and Soft Handoff, Cell-Site Handoff Only, Intersystem Handoff, Introduction to Dropped Call Rate, Formula of Dropped Call Rate, Finding the Values of δ and µ. TEXT BOOKS: 1. Theodore S. Rappaport, Wireless Communications Principles and Practice, 2nd Edition, Pearson Education, 2003. 2. W.C.Y. Lee, Mobile Cellular Communications, 2nd Edition, MC Graw Hill, 1995. 3. P. Nicopolitidis, Wireless Networks, Wiley, 2003 REFERENCES: 1. Kamilo Feher, Wireless Digital Communications, PHI, 2003 2. Yi-BingLin, Wireless and Mobile Network Architectures, Wiley, 2001. GSM short message services-Architecture, IS –95
MICROCONTROLLERS AND EMBEDDED SYSTEMS
IV B Tech First Semester
8051 MICROCONTROLLER Introduction to Microcontroller; Overview on 8031 family; Architecture and memory organization, addressing modes, 8051 Micro controller hardware- I/O pins, ports and circuits- External memory –Counters and Timers-Serial Data I/OInterrupts-Interfacing to external memory. UNIT II 8051 PROGRAMMING AND APPLICATIONS 8051 instruction set – Addressing modes – Assembly language programming – I/O port programming -Timer and counter programming – Serial Communication – Interrupt programming –8051 Interfacing: LCD, ADC, Sensors, Stepper Motors, Keyboard and DAC. UNIT III INTRODUCTION TO EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Definition and Classification – Overview of Processors and hardware units in an embedded system – Software embedded into the system – Exemplary Embedded Systems – Embedded Systems on a Chip (SOC) and the use of VLSI designed circuits DEVICES AND BUSES FOR DEVICES NETWORK I/O Devices - Device I/O Types and Examples – Synchronous - Isosynchronous and Asynchronous Communications from Serial Devices - Examples of Internal Serial-Communication Devices - UART and HDLC - Parallel Port Devices - Timer and Counting Devices - ‘I2C’, ‘USB’, ‘CAN’ and advanced I/O Serial high speed buses- ISA, PCI, PCI-X, cPCI and advanced buses. Introduction to device drivers and interrupt service mechanism UNIT IV REAL TIME OPERATING SYSTEMS – PART - 1 Definitions of process, tasks and threads – Clear cut distinction between functions – ISRs and tasks by their characteristics – Operating System ServicesGoals – Structures- Kernel - Process Management – Memory Management – Device Management – Interrupt Routines Handling in RTOS REAL TIME OPERATING SYSTEMS : RTOS Task scheduling models - Handling of task scheduling and latency and deadlines as performance metrics – Cooperative Round Robin Scheduling – Cyclic Scheduling with Time Slicing (Rate Monotonics Co-operative Scheduling) – Preemptive Scheduling Model strategy by a Scheduler – Critical Section Service by a Preemptive Scheduler – Fixed (Static) Real time scheduling of tasks.
TEXTBOOKS 1. Mohammed Ali Mazidi and Janice Gillispie Mazidi, The 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems, Pearson Education Asia, New Delhi, 2003.
2. Rajkamal, Embedded Systems Architecture, Programming and Design, TATA McGraw-Hill, First reprint Oct. 2003 REFERENCES 1. David E.Simon, An Embedded Software Primer, Pearson Education Asia, First Indian Reprint 2000. 2. Kenneth J Ayala, The 8051 Microcontroller Architecture Programming and Application, 2nd Edition, Penram International Publishers (India), New Delhi, 1996. 3. Embedded / Real Time Systems – KVKK Prasad, Dreamtech Press, New Delhi 2005. 4. Steve Heath, Embedded Systems Design, Second Edition-2003, Butterworth-heinemann 5. Frank Vahid and Tony Givargis, Embedded Systems Design – A unified Hardware /Software Introduction, John Wiley, 2002.
DME. TACAN. UNIT .III Super heterodyne Receiver. Radomes. types of Duplexers and receiver protectors. DVOR.II MTI Radar. DECA. Conical scan and mono pulse tracking (amplitude comparison and phase comparison). Hyperbolic Navigation (LORAN. 2003 2. TMH. types of Displays. TEXT BOOKS: 1. Detection of signals in noise. UNIT . TMH. FMCW Radar. integration of Radar pulses. Radar Principles. Stealth applications.EC 7004 RADAR AND NAVIGATIONAL AIDS IV B Tech First Semester UNIT . UNIT . NS Nagaraja. Noise jamming. 3. Merrill I Skolnik. RCS of multiple targets. simple form of Radar equation. N-pulse delay line canceller. RCS: RCS of simple targets. Roger J Suullivan. Introduction to Radar Systems. Dr AK Sen and Dr AB Bhattacharya. OMEGA). TRACKING: Types of Tracking Radar Systems. MTI improvement factor. Receiver noise and signal to noise ratio. Sequential lobing. Electronic Warfare: Objectives an definitions. Altimeter. 2004 . Clutter Attenuation. Types of Electronic counter measures and Electronic counter to counter measures. Peyton Z Peebles Jr. GPS. Non recursive and Recursive filters. Delay line cancellers: Frequency response of single delay line cancellers. Staggered PRF. Automatic Direction finder. 1988 REFERENCES 1.. Limitations of CW Radar. Doppler Effect. Radar Foundations for Imaging and Advanced Topics 2. ILS and MLS. Radar Systems and Radio Aids to Navigation.I Block Diagram of Pulse Radar. PRF and Range Ambiguities. Elements of Electronic Navigation. John Wiley Inc. Doppler filter banks. Khanna Publishers. 3rd Edition.IV Elementary ideas of Navigation Aids: VOR.
Lattice filter formulation of the inverse filter. Digital Processing of Speech Signals. A Discrete-Time model based on Tube Concatenation. Pitch period estimation using autocorrelation. Categorization of Speech Sounds. Sub-band coding SPEAKER RECOGNITION: Spectral features for Speaker Recognition. Delta Modulation. 2 LR Rabiner and R W Schafer. Distortion Measure. 2002. UNIT – IV SPEECH CODING: Linear Prediction. Spectral root Homomorphic Filtering. Thomas F Quatieri. Pearson Education. Complex Cepstrum of Speech-like Sequences.EC 7005/1 SPEECH PROCESSING IV B Tech First Semester UNIT-I PRODUCTION AND CLASSIFICATION OF SPEECH SOUNDS: Anatomy and Physiology of Speech Production. Error minimization. average zero crossing rate. TEXT BOOKS: 1.Cepstrum. A Correlation based Pitch Estimator. 2002. UNIT-II SHORT TIME FOURIER TRANSFORM ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS: Short Time Analysis. DIGITAL REPRESENTATIONS OF THE SPEECH WAVEFORM: Instantaneous quantization. Speaker Recognition Algorithms. Uniform tube model. Short-time Speech Analysis and Analysis/Synthesis Structures. Signal estimation from STFT. Mel. Time-Domain Models for Speech Processing: Short-Time energy. UNIT – III HOMOMORPHIC SIGNAL PROCESSING: Homomorphic Systems for Convolution. Acoustics of Speech Production: Physics of Sound. Discrete-Time Speech Signal Processing Principles and Practice. Frequency Domain Pitch Estimation. Short-Time Homomorphic Analysis. DPCM. . Vector Quantization. Levinson Recursion. Minimum – distance classifier. Pitch estimation based on a Comb Filter. Pearson Education. Autocorrelation method.
EC 7005/2 DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS IV Year B Tech First Semester UNIT – I Data base System Applications. Schema refinement – Problems Caused by redundancy – Decompositions – Problem related to decomposition – reasoning about FDS – FIRST. data base System VS file System – View of Data – Data Abstraction – Instances and Schemas – data Models – the ER Model – Relational Model – Other Models – Database Languages – DDL – DML – database Access for applications Programs – data base Users and Administrator – Transaction Management – data base System Structure – Storage Manager – the Query Processor – History of Data base Systems. THIRD Normal forms – BCNF – Lossless join Decomposition – Dependency preserving Decomposition – Schema refinement in Data base Design – Multi valued Dependencies – forth Normal Form.Data base design and ER diagrams – Beyond ER Design Entities. and recoverability – Introduction to Lock Management – Lock Conversions – Dealing with Dead Locks – Specialized Locking Techniques – Concurrency without Locking. SECOND. UNIT – II Form of Basic SQL Query – Examples of Basic SQL Queries – Introduction to Nested Queries – Correlated Nested Queries Set – Comparison Operators – Aggregative Operators – NULL values – Comparison using Null values – Logical connectivity’s – AND. UNIT – IV . Attributes and Entity sets – Relationships and Relationship sets – Additional features of ER Model – Concept Design with the ER Model – Conceptual Design for Large enterprises. Concurrency Control: Serializability. OR and NOTR – Impact on SQL Constructs – Outer Joins – Disallowing NULL values – Complex Integrity Constraints in SQL 0 Triggers and Active Data bases. Relational Algebra and Calculus: Relational Algebra – Selection and projection set operations – renaming – Joins – Division – Examples of Algebra overviews – Relational calculus – Tuple relational Calculus – Domain relational calculus – Expressive Power of Algebra and calculus. Relational Model: Introduction to the Relational Model – Integrity Constraint Over relations – Enforcing Integrity constraints – Querying relational data – Logical data base Design – Introduction to Views – Destroying /altering Tables and Views. Crash recovery: Introduction to ARIES – the Log – Other Recovery related Structures – the Write-Ahead Log Protocol – Check pointing – re3covering from a System Crash – Media recovery – Other approaches and Interaction with Concurrency control. UNIT – III Overview of Transaction Management: ACID Properties – Transactions and Schedules – Concurrent Execution of transaction – Lock Based Concurrency Control – Performance Locking – Transaction Support in SQL – Introduction to Crash recovery.
Data base Systems design. Mc.The Memory Hierarchy – Redundant Arrays of Independent – Disks – Disk Space Management – Buffer Manager – Files of records – Page Formats – record formats. Data base System Concepts. Connoley Pearson education. Linear hashing. Elmasri Navrate Pearson Education. Raghurama Krishnan. Data base Management System Mathew Leon. Implementation. and Management. IV edition. Tree Structured Indexing: Intuitions for tree Indexes – Indexed Sequential Access Methods (ISAM) – B+ Trees: A Dynamic Index Structure. Johannes Gehrke. Leon Vikas. Hash Based Indexing: Static Hashing – Extendable hashing – Linear Hashing – Exendble vs.Graw hill. C. Data base Systems.J.Thomson. 4. Rob & Coronel 5th Edition. 2. Storing data: Disks and Files : . Introduction to Database Systems. TATA McGrawHill 3rd Edition.Overview of Storage and Indexing: Data on External Storage – File Organization and Indexing – Cluster Indexes. REFERENCES : 1. TEXT BOOKS : 1. Data base Management Systems. 3. .Date Pearson Education 2. Silberschatz. Primary and Secondary Indexes – Index data Structures – Hash Based Indexing – Tree base Indexing – Comparison of File Organizations – Indexes and Performance Tuning. 5. Data base Management System. Korth.
Civilian standards & Military standards. Propagation delay performance models. Signal control. Cable routing. UNIT 3 EMI CONTROL TECHNIQUES : Shielding. Power distribution decoupling Zoning. radiated common mode and ground loop coupling. Isolation transformer.EMC definitions and units of parameters. Bernard Keiser. IEEE press. Engineering EMC Principles. UNIT 2 EMI SPECIFICATIONS/STANDARDS/LIMITS: Units of specifications.1996 2. radiated differential mode coupling. EMI COUPLING PRINCIPLES: conductee. EMI shielded chamber. EMI MEASUREMENTS: Emi test instrument / systems. power main and power supply coupling.1986 . Transient suppressors. TEXT BOOKS: 1. near field cable to cable coupling. conducted and radiated EMI. Bonding. Artech House. grounding. Mother Board designs. impedance control. military test method and procedures. Open area test site. UNIT 4 EMC DESIGN OF PCBS: PCB traces. radiated and transient coupling. TEM cell antennas. 3rd Edition. Principles of Electromagnetic compatibility.EC 7005/3 ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFEARENCE AND COMPATABILITY IV B Tech First Semester UNIT 1 EMI ENVIRONMENT: sources of EMI. Crosstalk. transient EMI. common impedance ground coupling. conducted sensors/ injectors / couplers. calibration procedures. filtering. EMI. EMI test. Measurement and Technologies. V P Kodali. component selection and mounting.
EC 7005/4 RF Circuit Design
IV B Tech First Semester
Unit – I RF Componenets :Introduction to Radio Frequency Design –RF Behavior of Passive Components : High Frequency Resistors –High Frequency Capacitors – High Frequency Inductors. Active RF Components – RF Diodes – Schottky Diode – PIN Diode – Varactor Diode –Crystal Diode – Tunnel Diode – Gunn Diodes .Transmission Lines : Two Wire Lines – Co axial Lines – Microstrip Lines – Phasor Representation of Source – Power Consideration of Transmission Line – Input Impedance Matching – Return Loss and Insertion Loss. UNIT II Oscillators : Negative Resistance Oscillator – Feedback Oscillator Design - Oscillator Types – Quartz Oscillator. High Frequency Oscillator: Fixed Frequency Oscillator – Dielectric Resonator Oscillator – Voltage Controlled Oscillator – Gunn Element Oscillator. Mixer: Frequency Domain Consideration – Single Ended Mixer Design – Single balanced Mixer – Double Balanced Mixer Couplers - Directional Coupler - Antennas UNIT-III Filter: Filter types and Parameters – Low Pass Filter - High Pass Filter – Band pass and Band stop Filters – Insertion – Butterworth Type Filters – Chebyshev Type Filters – Filter Implementation – Coupled Filter. Networks: Series Connection of Networks – Parallel Connection of Networks – Cascading Networks. UNIT –IV RF Amplifier Design: Small Signal RF Amplifier Design – Biasing- Broad Band Amplifier – Multistage Amplifier – Gain and Stability analysis using S parameters . RF Power Amplifier: RF Power Transistor Characteristics – Amplifier Classes and Efficiency – Design of Large Signal Linear Amplifiers – Design of Large Signal C Amplifier. Design RF Transmitter and Receiver. UNIT V Smith Chart: Impedance Transformation – Admittance Transformation – Parallel and Series Connection – T Networks. Impedance Matching: Two Component Matching Network – Forbidden Region – Frequency Response – Quality Factor – T and Pi Matching Networks – Microstrip Line Matching Network . Microwave Measurements: Power Noise – Spectrun Analyzer – Network Analyzer .
Text Books : 1. RF Circuit Design ( Theory And Application) – Reinhold Ludwig, Pavel Bretchko
1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6)
Smith J, Modern Communication Circuits, McGraw Hill, 1986, 0-071155864 Bowick, RF Circuit Design, H W SAMS 1994 Chung & Levien, Microwaves Made Simple: Principles & Applications, Artech House 1985 R S Carson, High Frequency Amplifiers (Wiley, 1982) (2nd ed), 0-471-86832-9 G Vendelin, Design of amplifiers and Oscillators by the S-parameter Method, (Wiley, 1982) Herbert L Krauss, Charles W Bostian & Frederick H Raab, Solid State Radio Engineering, (John Wiley & Sons, 1980) 8) Liao S.Y, Microwave Devices & Circuits, Prentice Hall (3rd ed), 1990
EC 7006 /1 DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING
IV B Tech First Semester UNIT I Digital image fundamentals: representation, elements of visual perception, simple image formation model, Image sampling and quantization, basic relationships between pixels, imaging geometry, RGB, CMY, YIQ, HIS colour models. Image transforms: 2D-DFT, FFT, Walsh , Hadamard , Haar, DCT transforms. UNIT II Image enhancement: Spatial domain methods: point processing, intensity transformations, histogram processing, image subtraction, image averaging; Spatial filtering- smoothing filters, sharpening filters. Frequency domain methods: low pass filtering, high pass filtering, homomorphic filtering, generation of spatial masks from frequency domain specifications. UNIT III Image restoration: A Model of the Image Degradation/Restoration Process, Linear, Position-Invariant Degradations, Inverse filtering, Wiener filter, Constrained Least squares restoration. Wavelets and Multiresolution Processing: Multiresolution Expansions, Wavelet Transforms in one Dimension, The Fast Wavelet Transform, Wavelet Transforms in Two Dimensions. UNIT IV Image compression: Fundamentals- redundancy: coding, inter pixel, psychovisual, fidelity criteria, Models, Elements of information theory, Error free compression- variable length, bit plane, lossless predictive, Lossy compressionlossy predictive, transform coding. Image segmentation: Detection of discontinuities - point, line and edge and combined detection ; Edge linking and boundary description - local and global processing using Hough transform –Thresholding - Region oriented segmentation - basic formulation, region growing by pixel aggregation, region splitting and merging.
1. Gonzalez and Woods, “Digital Image Processing”, 2 Ed, Pearson Education, 2002. REFERENCES: 1. Anil K. Jain “Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing”, Pearson Education, 2003. 2. Chanda & Majumdar, “Digital Image Processing and Analysis” , PHI. 3. M.Sonka,V. Hlavac, R. Boyle, “Image Processing, Analysis and Machine Vision”, Vikas Publishing House
S. Application Procedure. ASSOCIATIVE MEMORY NETWORKS . Architecture.0 . Architecture. Kohonen Self organizing network. FUNDAMENTAL MODELS OF ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS : Introduction. Image Processing.EC 7006/2 ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS IV B Tech First Semester UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS : Introduction. out star learning. MRI Algorithm. Introduction to Neural Networks Using MATLAB 6. Bidirectional Associative Memory. Activation Functions. Architecture. Algorithm. Application in Pattern Recognition. Architecture. Comparison Between Brain and the Computer. Perception Algorithm for Several Output Classes. Architecture. Training Phases of Full CPN.M. Training Algorithm. Training Algorithm for an RBFN with Fixed Centers. UNIT II FEED FORWARD NETWORKS : Introduction. Biological Neural Networks. Algorithm. Problems with Hopfield Networks. Historical Development of Neural Networks. Competitive Learning Rule. Applications. UNIT IV ASSOCIATIVE MEMORY NETWORKS – II : Boltzman Machine. Training Algorithm. Jaico Publishers. Comparison Between Artificial and Biological Neural Networks. Continuous and Discrete Hopfield Networks. Adaline Architecture. TMH. Perceptron Convergence Theorem. Learning in Back Propagation. Architecture. Grossberg layer Network. Forward Only counter Propagation Network. Learning Rules. Setting the Weights. Solving Traveling Salesman Problems using Hopfield Networks. Introduction to Artificial Neural Systems .Zurada. Architecture. Generalized Delta Learning Rule. UNIT III COUNTER PROPAGATION NETWORKS : Winner Take – all learning. ADALINE AND MADALINE NETWORKS : Introduction. Architecture. Network Architecture. Sumati. Algorithm. Delta Learning Rule (Widrow-Hoff Rule or Leastmean Squre (LMS) rule. Perceptron Learning Rule.N. Artificial Neural Networks. Back Propagation Network (BPN).S. Adaptive Resonance Theory Networks Introduction. 2.I : Types. Storage and Retrival Algorithms. Memory Based Learning. Applications. Selection of Parameters. Deepa. Learning Vector Quantizer (LVQ). Applications. Single Layer Perceptron Architecture. Application Procedure. Hebbian Learning Rule. Solving Optimization Problems. TEXTBOOKS : 1. Full Counter Propagation Network (Full CPN). MRII Algorithm. Brief Introduction to Multilayer Perceptron networks. Shivanandam. Merits and Demerits of Back Propagation Network. Boltzmann Learning. Application Algorithm. Training Algorithm.J. N. McCulloch – Pitts Neuron Model. Solving Simultaneous Linear Equation. Radial Basis Function Network (RBFN). Local Minima and Global Minima. S. Learning Methods. . 3rd Edition. Back Propagation rule. APPLICATIONS OF NEURAL NETWORKS : Implementation of A/D Converter using Hopfield Network. Madaline. Out Star Learning Rule. Energy Analysis.
1st Ed.REFERENCES : 1. 4. Pearson Education. Chelkuri K. Elements of Artificial Neural Networks . 2. and Sanjay Ranka. Pearson. Fundamental of Neural Networks – Laurene Fausett. Artificial Neural Networks . Artificial Neural Network – Simon Haykin. Mohan. Penram International. . Yegnanarayana. PHI.Kishan Mehrotra. 3. 2nd Ed.B.
MAC addresses. ATM. Dynamic routing – Broadcast routing. broad band ISDN and ATM. TCP/IP and other networks models. Understanding communications and Networks.II Data link layer : Design issues. Congestion. Thomson.4th Edition.Shay. Multi cast. UNIT . UNIT – III Network Layer : Virtual circuit and Datagram subnets-Routing algorithm shortest path routing. LAN. Broad cast. 2.Arpanet. switching and encoding asynchronous communications. distance vector routing. Computer Networks.Andrew S Tanenbaum. CRC. Medium Access sub layer : ALOHA. Narrow band. TMH. IEEE 802. Multi Media. framing. REFERENCES: 1. TEXT BOOKS: 1. Bridges. Pearson Education. Internet working: The Network layer in the internet and in the ATM Networks. the World WEB. Forouzan. ATM AAL Layer Protocol. Internet. error detection and correction. Examples of Networks: Novell Networks . UNIT – IV Transport Layer: Transport Services. W.EC 7006/3 COMPUTER NETWORKS IV B Tech First Semester UNIT – I Introduction : OSI. TCP and UDP protocols. wireless LANS. Electronic Mail.X Standard Ethernet. Flooding. 2nd Edition. Internet. Slip. Carrier sense multiple access.Keshav. . Data link layer in HDLC.A. An Engineering Approach to Computer Networks-S. MAN. Rotary for mobility. Application Layer : Network Security. Control Algorithms – General Principles – of Congestion prevension policies. Sliding Window. Data Communications and Networking – Behrouz A. Connection management. SNMP. Network Topologies WAN. 4th Edition. Physical Layer : Transmission media copper. Pearson Education/PHI 2. Hierarchical routing. 3rd Edition. Elementary Protocol-stopand wait. Domain name system. twisted pair wireless.
LPF (Butterworth and Chebyshev filters) HPF (Butterworth and Chebyshev filters) Bilinear Impulse invariant II. FIR FILTER DESIGN (Using Mat lab): 5. Convolution 7. Correlation 8. 3.a) b) c) d) e) f) Rectangular window Bartlett window Blackman window Hamming window Hanning window Kaiser window III. FIR FILTER NB: A minimum of 10 (Ten) experiments have to be performed and recorded by the candidate to attain eligibility for External Practical Examination . 4. DIF FFT 11. IIR FILTER 12. DIT FFT 10. IMPLEMENTATION OF DSP ALGORITHMS (Using DSP Processors) 6.EC 7051 DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING LAB IV B Tech First Semester I. DFT 9. 2. IIR FILTER DESIGN (Using Mat lab): 1.
Programs on Serial Communications 4. Programs to interface stepper motor 9. Programs on Timer/Counter concepts 6. Programs on Display Interfacing 7. EPROM Flash Programming Programs on networking using PIC microcontroller Writing serial device driver code with an UART 8250 device. Programs on RTOS (PSOS / WINCE / Vx Works) 13. 11. Programs on task management Programs on memory management Programs on inter task communications Programs on task synchronization NB: A minimum of 10 (Ten) experiments have to be performed and recorded by the candidate to attain eligibility for External Practical Examination EC 8001 TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING SYSTEMS . 14. Basic programs on micro controllers 2. Programs on Interrupt Mechanism 5. 15.EC 7052 MICROCONTROLLERS AND EMBEDDED SYSTEMS LAB IV B Tech First Semester Implement all the programs in both assembly and high level language On 8051 and PIC microcontrollers 1. Programs on Memory Interfacing 3. 16. 12. Programs for small application like Data acquisition (temperature sensors) 10. Programs to Traffic Light Control 8.
REFERENCES : 1. numbering.B. Sharing. DSL Technology: ADSL. Frame. layered network architecture. 3rd Edition.J. numbering plan. SIGNALING TECHNIQUES : In channel signaling. protocol architecture. TMH. reference points. Advanced electronic communications systems . data communications hardware.Achyut. packet switching and virtual circuit switching concepts. ISDN interfaces. 2. UNIT IV INTEGRATED SERVICES DIGITAL NETWORK (ISDN) : Introduction. Synchronous Transport Signals. 2004. Schilling . UNIT III DATA COMMUNICATION NETWORKS : Introduction. Cable Modem. Principles of Communication Systems – H. protocols. PHI. . 2002. WAN. Forouzan. TEXT BOOKS : 1. 3.J E Flood. switching network configuration. MAN & Internet. UNIT II TELEPHONE NETWORKS : Subscriber loop systems. switching hierarchy and routing. CM & CMTS and DOCSIS.Godbole. BISDN. TMH. 2nd Edition. PHI. John Wiley. Pearson Education.IV B Tech Second Semester UNIT I TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING SYSTEMS : Introduction. motivation. transmission plan. Circuit Switching. OSI reference model. Repeaters. 2003. data communication circuits. Digital telephony . Tele communication switching system and networks . Taub & D. grade of service and blocking probability. Combination switching. Virtual Tributaries and Higher rate of service. LAN. Time division switching. S. 2001. Bridges. charging plans. 4. 2000. Data Communication & Networking . connection oriented & connection less service. signaling. addressing.A. Public switched data networks. Routers and gate ways. Data Communications & Networks . 2. Traditional Cable Networks. Elements of switching systems. network architecture. 2nd edition.Wayne Tomasi. Network traffic load and parameters. functional grouping. Traffic and Networks . ISDN architecture. TMH. SONET: Devices. 2004. Frame Transmission. Bellamy. HFC Networks. 2004. STS I. 5. Telecommunication switching. common channel signaling. Electronic space division switching.Thyagarajan Viswanath. principles of cross bar switching.
Edge emitting Super luminescent LED’s. Types of WDM. UNIT .Necessity . Fiber types : Step Index. OPTICAL FIBER MEASUREMENTS: Numerical Aperture. Dome. dispersion losses. Avalanche Photodiode and their characteristics. receiver configuration. Types of Dispersion . Direct intensity modulation. Ray Theory Transmission. attenuation. reliability. Preamplifier types. LED drive circuits. Numerical Aperture. Fiber fabrication methods. error sources. Intermodel and intramodel. Plastic optical fibers. output spectrum. Chalgenide glass. Optical LANS. Halide. Surface emitting. LED Characteristics – Optical output power & efficiency. Connectors. Polarization mode dispersion. Waveguide dispersion. Advanced Multiplexing Strategies – OTDM.Material dispersion. WDM. Pulse broadening. Principles. Total internal reflection. System considerations – Link power budget. Connection losses. Lens coupling to fiber. DFB laser and Threshold condition for lasing.EC 8002 OPTICAL COMMUNICATION IV B Tech Second Semester UNIT . Fiber materials — Glass. Critical angle. PIN Photodiode. Graded Index : Modes of Propagation : single mode and multimode fibers. Applications of Optical Fiber.III OPTICAL SOURCES: General characteristics. Active glass. Line coding in Optical links. LASER: Working of DH injection laser. Elements of an Optical Fiber transmission link. refractive index. Laser diode rate equations.II TRANSMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF OPTICAL FIBERS: Attenuation. rise time budget. cutback method and OTDR.IV OPTICAL FIBER SYSTEMS: Optical Transmitter Circuits-source limitations. Advantages of Optical Fibers. Transmission distance. Fiber Optic Switches. modulation bandwidth. Information capacity determination. . Quantum limit. Group delay. SONET . absorption. Digital receiver performance-probability of error. Principles of Light Emission. Reliability of LED&ILD DETECTORS: Principles of photo detection. Light Emitting Diodes types-Planar.I INTRODUCTION: Historical development. UNIT . Resonant frequencies. UNIT . Connector return loss Fiber Optic couplers. Acceptance angle. FIBER OPTIC COMPONENTS: Splicing. scattering and bending losses in fibers.Optical Receiver operation-Digital system transmission.
Fiber Optics Communication 1st edition McGraw Hill. J. 2. Gerd Keiser. John M Senior. Pearson Education. Optical fiber Communication. . W. 2003. 4. 2003. PHI. Kolimbiris. 2002 3. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Henry Zanger and Cynthia Zanger. 3rd edition Mc Graw Hill . Fiber Optic Communications. Fiber Optics: Communication and other Applications. 2nd Edition. Advanced Electronic Communication Systems.Tomasi. 2001 2. 2002. PHI.C Palais. 2nd Edition. Prentice Hall.TEXT BOOKS: 1. Maxwell Macmillan Edition. Optical Fiber Communications: Principles and Practice.
overflow and scaling. ARCHITECTURES FOR PROGRAMMABLE DSP DEVICES: Basic architectural features. TMS320C54XX instructions and programming. UNIT III IMPLEMENTATIONS OF BASIC DSP ALGORITHMS: The Q-notation. PROGRAMMABLE DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSORS: Commercial digital signal processing devices. IIR filters. speed issues. A butterfly computation. Memory space of TMS320C54XX processors. Program control. Bus architecture and memory. pipeline programming models. Programmed I/O. sources of error in DSP implementations. DSP computational building blocks. UNIT IV: INTERFACING MEMORY AND I/O PERIPHERALS TO PROGRAMMABLE DSP DEVICES: Memory space organization. IMPLEMENTATION OF FFT ALGORITHMS: An FFT algorithm for DFT computation. FIR filters. features for external interfacing. interrupts of TMS320C54XX processors. stacks. D/A conversion errors. A/D conversion errors. Data addressing capabilities. Direct . pipelining and performance. programmability and program execution. Dynamic range and precision. interrupt effects. relative branch support. Memory interface. DSP computational errors. Adaptive filters. interrupts and I/O. Bit reversed index generation. UNIT II EXECUTION CONTROL AND PIPELINING: Hardware looping. On chip peripherals. computation of the signal spectrum. branching effects. Data addressing modes of TMS320C54XX DSPs. Compensating filter. Decimation filters. pipeline operation of TMS320C54XX processors. Address generation unit. interlocking. 2-D signal processing. pipeline depth. Interpolation filters.EC 8003/1 UNIT I DSP PROCESSORS AND ARCHITECTURES IV B Tech Second Semester COMPUTATIONAL ACCURACY IN DSP IMPLEMENTATIONS: Number formats for signal and coefficients in DSP systems. parallel I/O interface. interrupts. external bus interfacing signals. An 8-point FFT implementation on the TMS320C54XX.
2. Digital signal processors. architecture. McBSP programming. Digital signal processing implementation. Thomson Publications. 2005. Digital signal processing. programming and applicationsB. A CODEC-DSP interface example. TEXT BOOKS: 1. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1.Srinivasan.Jonathan stein. 2004. 2004. John Wiley. A CODEC interface circuit. TMH.Bhasker. Multichannel buffered serial port.Avatar Singh and S.memory access (DMA). Prentice Hall. 2. 1st Edition. Naim Dhanoun. Digital signal processing. .Venkata Ramani and M.
TMH. Data communications and Networking. process to process delivery UDP. 4th Edition. Digital transmission. PHI. Delivery. forwarding and routing. 8th Edition. PHI. William Stallings. wired LANs: Ethernet. . UNIT III NETWORK LAYER & TRANSPORT LAYER Logical Addressing. WWW and HTTP. Network security. Bandwidth utilization: multiplexing and spreading. Uyless D Black. Virtual Circuit networks: Frame relay and ATM. using telephone and cable networks for data transmission.EC 8003/2 DATA COMMUNICATIONS IV B Tech Second Semester UNIT I PHYSICAL LAYER Introduction. address mapping. Electronic mail and File transfer. TEXTBOOKS 1. 3rd Edition. switching. UNIT IV APPLICATION LAYER & NETWORK SECURITY Domain name system. Data link control. transmission media. security in the Internet. and SCTP. A S Tanenbaum. Network models. Wireless LANs. TCP. 2. Network management. Computer networks. Data and computer communications. Data communications and distributed networks. connecting LANs backbone networks and virtual LANs. UNIT II DATALINK LAYER Error detection and correction. Error reporting and multicasting. PHI. 3rd Edition. Wireless WANs: Cellular telephone and satellite networks. Congestion control and quality of service. Behroug A Forouzan. 2. multiple access. REFERENCES 1. Analog transmission. Internet protocol. Remote logging. SONET/SDH. Data and signals.
ultrasonic flow meters. Biotelemetry. New Delhi. EMG. UNIT –IV THERAPEUTIC AND PROSTHETIC DEVICES Cardiac Pacemakers. Electrodes for Electric Stimulation Tissue. polarizable and nonpolarizable Electrodes. EEG. THE ORIGIN OF BIOPOTENTIALS Electrical activity of excitable cells. ELECTRICAL SAFETY Macro shocks. New Delhi.Leislie Cromwell. Ultra Sonography. Prentice Hall of India.Brown. 3. 1997. UNIT – II BIOPOTENTIAL ELECTRODES The electrode. Computed Tomography. John G. R. .Electrolyte Interface. Dynamic characteristics. BIOPOTENTIAL AMPLIFIERS Basic Requirements. Internal Electrodes. 2.. Defibrillators. Functional Organization of the peripheral Nerous System. John Wiley & Sons. ERG. “Biomedical instrumentation and measurement”. Problems frequently encountered. “Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation”. Classification of Biomedical Instruments. The Electrocardiograph. Amplifiers for Biopotential Signals. Microelectrodes.S. John Wiley and Sons.Joseph J. polarization. ECG. TATA McGraw-Hill. Webster –Medical Instrumentation : Application and Design – 3rd Edition. UNIT –III MEASUREMENT OF FLOW AND VOLUME OF BLOOD Electromagnetic flow meters. Micro shock Hazards TEXTBOOKS 1. New York. Infant Incubators. Generalized static characteristics. “Introduction to Biomedical equipment Technology”. 1997.Khandpur. Laser Doppler Flow metery.Carr and John M. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Ventilators. REFERENCES 1.EC 8003/3 UNIT – 1 BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING IV B Tech Second Semester BASIC CONCEPTS OF MEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION Generalized Medical Instrumental Systems. MEG. PET. NMR Blood flow meter. Electrode Arrays. Computed Radiography. MEDICAL IMAGING SYSTEMS Radiography. 2002.
IV BAM structure. Neural Computing Theory and Practice. UNIT . Normal operation-Training the Kohonen layer and Grossberg layer-Full Counter propagation Network application.III Statistical Methods. Recurrent Networks-Training of Artificial Neural Networks. Simon Haykin. Training algorithm. Orbital effects in communication systems performance. Boltzmann training. ORBITAL MECHANICS AND LAUNCHERS : Orbital Mechanics. Artificial Neural Networks. Basic Concepts of Satellite Communications. Limitation and overcoming the Linear seperability. Multilayer artificial networks-Non-linear activation function. P.II BACK PROPAGATION Back Propagation Training algorithm. Look Angle determination. Advanced Algorithms. Competitive BAM ART classification operation. Binary systems. Delta rule. Back propagation and Cauchy training. New York. Cauchy training-Application to general non linear optimization problems. Linear separability. 1989. Neural Networks. Combined back propagation Cauchy training. Biological prototype. EC 8004/1 SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS IV B Tech Second Semester UNIT I INTRODUCTION  : Origin of Satellite Communications. Exclusive or problem. . UNIT . continuous systems and Hopfield Net and Boltzmann machine.I INTRODUCTION TO ARTIFICIAL NUERAL NETWORKS Fundamentals of Artificial Networks. Frequency allocations for Satellite Services. TEXT BOOKS: 1. Applications. Hopfield networks: Recurrent Network Configurations. Storage efficiency perception learning-perception training algorithm. PERCEPTIONS: Perception representation. Orbital perturbations. stability. Training applications. Orbit determination.D Wasserman. Pearson Education 2. Associative memory. Retrieving a stored association-encoding the association memory capacitycontinuous BAM. Network structure. Activation functions. B Yegnanarayana. Future Trends of Satellite Communications. Practical difficulties. Single layer Artificial Neuron Networks. Van Nostrand Reinhold. Historical Back-ground. launches and launch vehicles. UNIT . Adaptive BAM. counter propagation Networks. ART implementation ART training example-characteristics of ART-Theorems of ART. Artificial Neuron.EC 8003/4 ARTIFICIAL NUERAL NETWORKS IV B Tech Second Semester UNIT . Problems with training algorithms. PHI REFERENCES: 1. Applications.
UNIT II SATELLITE SUBSYSTEMS : Attitude and orbit control system. GPS C/A code accuracy. DAMA. Design of satellite links for specified C/N. 2nd Edition. Command and monitoring. Primary power test methods. BS Publications. Satellite Communications – Timothy Pratt. 2nd Edition. Pearson Publications. telemetry. GPS signal levels. Terrestrial interface. Richharia. up link design. power systems.D. Differential GPS. 2.Suyderhoud. Tracking systems. Charles Bastian and Jeremy Allnutt. 2004 4. Wiley Publications. 2nd Edition. TEXT BOOKS : 1. Time division Multiple Access (TDMA) Frame structure. Examples.N. Raja Rao. EARTH STATION TECHNOLOGY : Introduction. UNIT III MULTIPLE ACCESS  : Frequency division multiple access (FDMA) Intermediation. 3. Antennas. Satellite signal acquisition. 2003. Delay & Throughput considerations. Satellite antenna Equipment reliability and Space qualification. GPS Navigation Message. 2003. McGraw Hill. Design of down links. System considerations. 2nd Edition. Transmitters. Robert A Nelson and Henri G. tracking. . Pritchard. Calculation of C/N. Satellite Communications Engineering – Wilbur L. Code Division Multiple access (CDMA). 1996. GPS receiver operation. Satellite Switched TDMA Onboard processing.Spread spectrum transmission and reception. PHI. Receivers. GPS Receivers and codes. 5th Ed. communication subsystems. Satellite Communications : Design Principles – M. REFERENCES : 1. GPS Position Location principles. UNIT IV LOW EARTH ORBIT AND GEO-STATIONARY SATELLITE SYSTEMS : Orbit consideration. Fundamentals of Satellite Communications – K. system noise temperature and G/T ratio. Satellite Communications – Dennis Roddy. Operational NGSO constellation Designs SATELLITE NAVIGATION & THE GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM  : Radio and Satellite Navigation. 2. SATELLITE LINK DESIGN : Basic transmission theory. Satellite Communication . System design example. Khanna Publications. WSE. 2003. coverage and frequency considerations.C Agarwal.
PHI. Wireless ATM. Links manager specification. GPRS and higher data rates. Wireless datagram protocol. PHI.. overview. 2006. QingAn Zeng. Principles. 802. Spread spectrum LANs. WAP Architecture. Base band specification. Difference between wireless and fixed telephone networks. SS7 user part. wireless transaction. BISDN and ATM. Radio specification. 1999. IEEE802 architecture and services. ARDIS. 2006 1 . MOBILE IP AND WIRELESS ACCESS PROTOCOL : Mobile IP Operation of mobile IP. Krishna Murthy. Introduction to Wireless & Mobile Networks – Dharma Prakash Agarwal. Packet radio protocols. WML scripts. REFERENCES : 1. Wireless Communication and Networking – William Stallings. Traffic routing in wireless networks. Adhoc Networking and WPAN. 2. Rappaport. Pearson Education. Introduction to WLL Technology. Reservation protocols INTRODUCTION TO WIRELESS NETWORKING : Introduction. Development of wireless networks.11 physical layer. RMD. HIPERLAN. WIRELESS ATM & HIPER LAN : Introduction. Registration. Wireless Communications – Andreaws F Molisch.11 medium access control. II Edn. 2. 2002 3. WAP session protocol. Packet radio. Logical link control and adaptation protocol. S. Data oriented CDPD Network. UNIT II WIRELESS DATA SERVICES : CDPD. SDMA. Multiple access. unneling. CSMA protocols. signaling traffic in SS7. Common channel signaling. TEXT BOOKS : 1. 802. Mobile application protocol. 2003. Wireless Digital Communications – Kamilo Feher. WAP service. Narrow bank microwave LANs. Principles of Wireless Networks – Kaveh Pah Laven and P.EC 8004/2 WIRELESS COMMUNCIATIONS AND NETWORKS IV B Tech Second Semester UNIT I MULTIPLE ACCESS TECHNIQUES FOR WIRELESS COMMUNICATION : Introduction. ISDN. PHI. Wireless Communications. UNIT III WIRELESS LAN TECHNOLOGY : Infrared LANs. SS7. FDMA. 2002. Wiley India. 4. Thomson 2nd Edition. BLUE TOOTH : Overview. TDMA. Short messaging service in GSM. IEEE 802 protocol Architecture. Practice – Theodore. UNIT IV MOBILE DATA NETWORKS : Introduction. Co-located address. Spread Spectrum.
Process Description – Process Control-process states – Process and Threads .Examples of Process description and Control. Operating Systems A design approach-TMH.EC 8004/3 OPERATING SYSTEMS IV B Tech Second Semester UNIT I COMPUTER SYSTEM AND OPERATING SYSTEM OVERVIEW: Overview of Computer System hardware – Instruction execution – I/O function – Interrupts – Memory hierarchy – I. Principles of Concurrency – Mutual Exclusion – Software and hardware approaches – semaphores – Monitors – Message Passing – Readers Writers Problem. 2 Andrew S Tanenbaum. UNIT II CONCURRENCY : CPU Scheduling. TEXT BOOKS : 1 Operating Systems’ – Internal and Design Principles. PHI/PEARSON. Security : Security threats – Protection – intruders – Viruses – trusted System.. Pearson education. Algorithms. . Galvin. Fifth Edition–2005. Modern Operating Systems. 2nd Edition. Peter B./PHI 2 Abraham Silberchatz. UNIT III MEMORY MANAGEMENT: Memory Management requirements – loading programmes in to main memory – virtual memory – hardware and Control structures – OS Software – Examples of Memory Management.O Communication techniques. UNIT IV FILE MANAGEMENT AND SECURITY: Overview of file management – file organization and access – FileDirectories – File sharing – record blocking – secondary Storage Management – example system. detection and avoidance dining philosophers problem – example Systems.7th Edition John Wiley REFERENCES : 1 Crowley. Operating System Objectives and functions – Evaluation of operating System – Example Systems. Operating System Principles. Principles of deadlock – deadlock prevention. Uniprocessor Scheduling: Types of Scheduling – Scheduling algorithms – I/O management and Disc Scheduling – I/o devices – organization – of I/O function – OS design issues – I/O buffering – Disk I/O – disk scheduling Policies – examples System. Greg Gagne.
have to be performed and recorded by the candidate to attain eligibility for University Practical Examination .EC 8051 ADVANCED COMMUNICATIONS LAB IV B Tech Second Semester Experiments Based on Microwave Engineering 1 Characteristics of Reflex Klystron 2 2 2 2 Verification of the Expression 1 λc = 1 λg +1 λo 3 Measurement of VSWR using Microwave Bench 4 Measurement of Unknown Impedance Using Microwave Bench 5 Determination of Characteristics of a Given Directional Coupler 6 Measurement of Gain of an Antenna 7 Measurement of Dielectric Constant of a Given Material Experiments Based on Optical Communication 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Characteristic of Light Sources/Detectors Fiber Optics Cable: Numerical Aperture Measurement Measurement of Coupling and Bending Losses Of a Fiber Analog Link Set up using a Fiber Digital Link Set up using a Fiber Set up of Time Division Multiplexing using Fiber Optics Study of Cellular Communication. NB: A minimum of 10(Ten) experiments. choosing 5 (Five) from each part.
………………………………………. .16 point size . . . .EC 8052 PROJECT GUIDELINES FOR PREPARING THE PROJECT REPORT FOR B. name of the candidate. . by. . . . . . . . . . Typing should be done on the Times new Roman 12 point size letters. . . . . . Fresh para should commence after five spaces. . . . . . . The layout should provide a margin of 2” on the left. . Typing. 1” on the top.. . . Binding: The Dissertation shall be properly bound. . . (Title) A Project Report Submitted to ACHARYA NAGARJUNA UNIVERSITY In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of degree of BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY with specialization in ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATIONS 2). .. using rexine of sky blue colour otherwise it will be rejected. . Format: Bond paper should be used for the preparation of the Project Report. . . . . . .. . . . . . .No) COLLEGE EMBLEM 5) Bottom: DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING VR SIDDHARTHA ENGINEERING COLLEGE VIJAYAWADA-520007 April 2009 6) The bound-side must indicate B.TECH Size: The project report should be submitted in A4 size. . .. . . . . of team members. . . . . (Name) & (Roll. . bottom and right. . . . 1. ... . . Two plain blank papers should be provided at the beginning and at the end. The page numbers shall be indicated at the bottom-middle of each page. . . . . . .5 line spacing shall be provided throughout the report. . . . . . . . . . . . . Number of copies to be submitted: 3 + No. . . . . . . and year. Third page: Same as cover page . . . . . Paper. . The bound front cover should indicate in black embossed letter the following: 1). . . . .Tech.
. . . candidate must provide a table of contents. 12. . 15. . Page 7th & 8th: In these pages. 17. . . conclusions & Recommendations References/Bibliography Appendices (if any). Introduction Literature Survey/Review of Literature Theoretical Analysis Experimental Investigations Experimental Results Discussion of Results Summary. . . . 18. . 10. . . . . . . . . . The results embodied in this project report have not been submitted to any other University or Institute for the award of any degree SIGNATURE OF THE GUIDE: DEPARTMENT NAME Date Fifth page: HEAD OF THE NAME Date: The fifth page may include the ‘Acknowledgment’. .Fourth page: The Fourth page should contain a certificate signed by the Guide in the following format. . . 14. . 13. Arrangement of Chapters: The following is the suggested format for arranging the project report matter into various Chapters. . . list of figures and photographs and notation. . . . . . NOTE: All the above pages are to be numbered in Roman numerals of lower case. The candidate may emphasize here his contributions. . that is being submitted by Sri/Ms. . . . . . Sixth page: The sixth page may contain an abstract of the Project report. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . list of tables. . . . . . . . . . 16. . . . The arrangement of paragraph in a Chapter. . to the Acharya Nagarjuna University is a record of bona fide work carried out by ----------------------------------------------------under my guidance and supervision. CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the project report entitled . in partial fulfillment for the award of the Degree of Bachelor of Technology in . . . . . . . 11. . . . . . .
Graphs: The graph should clearly indicate the points which are used for drawing the curve or curves..e. 1.Each section in a chapter should be properly numbered for example.1. where the first digit represents the Chapter Number and second digit the section number. Sub-section. the first digit representing chapter and the second representing the photograph number. 1. It is preferred that in the text . the first digit representing the chapter. 1. The points may be indicated by the following symbols.1. Figures and Tables: The photographs. the second representing the section and the third representing the sub-section.1. 2. All the letters in the graphs should be written with stencils. .. Photographs. may be indicated as 1.1.2 etc. figures and tables occurring in a chapter may be serially numbered as Fig.1.1. etc i.. There is no need to indicate the number for the first section in a chapter. the second digit represents figure number.the author and the year of publication is quoted without serial number. . where the first digit represents the chapter.1. The photographs may be represented as photo 1.2 . Bibliography or References: The following format may be used for writing the Bibliography/References. 2. At the end of report where the listing of references is done.. .2 etc. the list should be made strictly in alphabetic order of the name of the authors. if any.2 etc.
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