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These are some Algebra practice question from Hits bulls eye for CAT 2017 Exam.

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which of the following statements hold true?

1. a, b, c 2. b, c, d 3. a, c, d 4. a, b, d

1 1 29 2 a+b

2. If + = , where a & b are positive find + .

a2 b2 100 3 a b

1. 3 2. 2

5

3. 4. Cant be determined

3

3. If one root of the equation ax2 + bx + c = 0 is three times the other, find the relationship between

a, b and c.

1. p q r 2. p + q r 3. p + q + r 4. p q + r

5. f(x) = x(x + 1) (x + 2); x = 1,2,3, ........ Find the value of S = f(1) + f(2) + f(3) + ............. + f(10).

3. 3100 2100 4. None of these

1. 5 2. 7 3. 25 4. All of these

8.

(63 2 2

) (

+ 36 + 63 36 2 2

) =?

63 + 36

2 2

9. If x and y are positive are x y = x ( y + 1) . If only the positive square roots are considered,

find 3 11.

1. 4 2. 5 3. 6 4. 7

8 10 m + 10 9m 8 10 m +1 + 27 9m

1. 2.

27 27

m +1 m 1

10 10 9m 8 10 27 9m

3. 4.

27 27

DIRECTIONS for questions 11 12: p, q and r are functions defined as follows:

integers.

11. The difference between least integral values of the functions q and p is

1. 5 2. 4 3. 1 4. 3

12. The difference between least integral values of the functions q and r is

1. 5 2. 3 3. 2 4. None of these

DIRECTIONS for questions 13 and 14: For positive integers a and b, such that a 1 and b 1,

functions X and Y are defined as X(a, b) = a! + b! and Y(a, b) = a a + b b.

3. X(a , b) = Y(a, b) some times 4. None of these

3. Can be less than two digits 4. Is never more than three digits

1 1

15. 2+ 2 + + =?

2+ 2 2 2

1. 4 + 2 2. 2 2 3. 4 2 4. - 2

true about the remainder obtained?

2. It is the same as the remainder obtained when p(p + 1) is divided by 6

3. It is the same as the remainder obtained when p2 is divided by 6

4. None of these

17. A researcher found that a certain students score could be predicted using the formula

[310T + ( LT ) 2 ]

P= , where P is the projected score in percentage, T is the number of tests the

100

student is appearing in and L is the number of subjects in which he must get 90 % marks. The

student is appearing in 10 tests, what should be the value of L, it being given he wants to get the

same percentage marks as the smallest composite number is of the smallest positive multiple of

five?

1. 6 2. 7 3. 8 4. 10

18. What is the value of p for which the equation x2 3 (5p + 2)x + (3p + 9) = 0 has equal roots?

19. If x, y, z are chosen from the three numbers 3 , , and 2, what is the largest possible value of

the expression (x/ y)z2?

1. 3/8 2. 16 3. 24 4. 36

3. Equal and irrational 4. None of these

22. The sum of the first 3 terms in an AP is 21 and that of the last 3 is 69. If the AP has 7 terms,

what is the Geometric Mean of the first 3 terms?

3 3 3

1. 321 2. 231 3. 1078 4. None of these

DIRECTIONS for questions 23 24: Read the following information and answer the questions given

after that.

Defined that for a real number p:

sa(p) = the integer nearest to p

re(p) = the smallest integer bigger than p

ga(p) = the largest integer smaller than p

ma(p) = the integer nearest to p2

1. 0 2. 1 3. -1 4. 2

1. 2 2. 2 3. 1 4. 0

25. The number of ways in which three non-negative integers n 1, n 2 and n 3 can be chosen such that

n 1 + n 2 + n 3 = 10 is (assume that 0 is also possible)

1. 66 2. 5 3. 103 4. 10!/( 3! 2! 1! )

1. 1 10 (10 n 1) + n

9 9

2.

1 10 n

99

( )

10 1 n

3. 10 1 (10 n 1) n 4. 10 1 (10 n 1) + n

9 9

9 9

27. The sum of the series 12 22 + 32 42 + 52 62 + ... 1002 is

28. Consider 2 APs 3, 7, 11,... 407 and 2, 9, 16,... 709. The number of common terms of these two

progressions is

1. 0 2. 7 3. 15 4. 14

29. Let n quantities be in A.P, d being the common difference. Let the arithmetic mean of the

squares of these quantities exceed the square of the arithmetic mean of these quantities by a

quantity p. Then p

3. equals d 2/12 4. equals (n 2 - 1)/12

30. If a, b, c, d are four positive real numbers with a + b + c + d = 1, then the maximum value

ab + bc + cd + da can attain is:

1 1 1

1. 2. 3. 1 4.

8 16 4

31. The sequence a 1, a 2, a 3 , ....., satisfies the relation a n + 1 = a n + a n - 1 for n > 1. Given that a 20 =

6765 and a 18 = 2584, what is a 16?

1. 1012 2. 1224

3. 987 4. Cant be determined

32. The sum of two numbers is 20 and their geometric mean is 20 % lower than their arithmetic

mean. Find the ratio of the numbers.

1. 4 : 1 2. 9 : 1 3. 1 : 1 4. 17 : 3

33. A colony of bacteria in a container grows by each bacterium splitting into eight next generation

bacteria. However, because of environmental conditions only 50 % of the bacteria in a

generation can survive. A colony of first generation bacteria was put in the container and it was

found that the number of seventh generation bacteria was 4096 million. What was the size of

the first generation population initially put into the container?

1. n + p 2 q2 2. p + q n 3. p + q 4. 0

DIRECTIONS for answering questions 35 to 36: Two operators # and * for real numbers a and b are

defined as follows:

a # b = a + b if a, b > 0,

= 1 otherwise.

a * b = (ab)a + b if ab > 0,

= 1 otherwise.

35. (2 # 3) # ( (-1) * 5) is equal to :

(1 * 2) # ((-1) # 5)

37. If x1 and x2 are the roots of the quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0, find the equation whose

roots are 1 and 1 .

x1 x2

1. cx2 + bx + a =0 2. cx2 + bx + c =0

3. cx2 - bx + c = 0 4. cx2 - bx - a = 0

38. In an attempt to copy down from the board a sequence of six positive integers in AP, a student

wrote down the five numbers 113, 137, 149, 155 and 173, accidentally omitting one. He later

discovered that he had also miscopied one of them. Which number was miscopied?

39. Consider the series 5, 16, 27, 38, 49, 60, 71.... and the series 7, 20, 33, 46, 59, 72, 85 ... Find the

smallest term that is common to both the series.

x

1. 0, 2 2. 2, - 1 3. -1, 0 4. 1, 2

42. For what value of a will the sum of the squares of the roots of the equation x2 (a 2)x

a 1 = 0 have the least value?

1. 0 2. 1 3. 2.5 4. 6.4

45. What is the sum of the first n terms of the series 6 + 66 + 666 + 6666 +----?

1.

( )

2 10 10 n 1

n 2.

(

2 10 1 + 10 n )

+n

3 (10 1) 3 (1 10)

3.

( )

6 10 1 + 10 n

n 4.

(

6 1 10 n) n

9 (1 10) 9 (1 10 )

46. If 1 and 2 are the roots of the equation x2 + x 7 = 0, what are the values of ( 12 + 22) and

( 14 + 24) respectively?

47. If the roots x1 and x2 of the quadratic equation satisfy the condition 7x2 4x1 = 47. The quadratic

expression is x2 2x + c = 0, find the value of c.

1. 15 2. 15 3. 6 4. None of these

48. x, y and z are real numbers such that x + y + z = 4 and x2 + y2 + z2 = 6. Which of the following

statements could be true?

1. pq = r3 2. p = q = r

3. p + q = r p 4. Cant be determined

51. Let N = 0.xyzxyzxyzxyz., M = 0.abababababab Both of them are non terminating numbers,

and x, y, z, a and b are integers between 1 to 9, not necessarily distinct. Which of the following

is an integer?

1. 1989 (N + M) 2. 10989 (N + M)

3. 100989 (N + M) 4. None of these

52. Let p be an odd prime number. Then the number of positive integers k with 1 < k < p for which

k 2 leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by p is

1. 2 2. 1 3. p 1 4. (p 1)/2

1. 2n 2 2. (2n + 2) 3. 2n 4. 6n 8

54. A vessel, full of water, weighs 16.5 kg. When the vessel is 1 full, it weighs 5.25 kg. Find the

4

weight of the empty vessel.

1. 15 kg 2. 10 kg 3. 1.5 kg 4. 5.25 kg

55. Let a and b be positive integers with no common factors (other than 1). Then

2. a + b and a b have no common factor greater than 2 whatever be a and b

3. a + b and a b have a common factor whatever be a and b

4. None of the foregoing statements is correct

1. p, q, r are in GP 2. p, q, r are in AP

3. 1/p, 1/q , 1/r are in AP 4. None of the foregoing statements is true

solutions of this system of equations.

x y z x

58. If = = and x + y + z 0, then =

y+z x+z y+x x+ y+z

59. An AP, GP and HP have the same first and last terms and the same odd number of terms. Then

the middle terms of the three series are in

1. AP 2. GP 3. HP 4. None of these

1.21 < x < 24 2. 16 < x < 13 3. x < 13, x > 16 4. None of the above

1. AP 2. HP

3. GP when x 0 4. None of these

62. How many solutions of the form (x, y), where x, y are integers, does the system of inequalities

x2 y < 1 and x2 + y < 5 have?

1. 2 2. 3 3. 4 4. 5

3. (a + b)/2 is an integer 4. (a b)/2 is an integer

64. If 1 + 3 + 5 + ..x = (y + 1)2 , express x in terms of y.

1. 2y + 1 2. y + 1 3. 2y 1 4. None of these

2

1. b 2c > 0

2. b 2 2c is square of an integer & b is an integer

3. b & c are integers

4. b & c are even integers

66. Find the sum of all two digit numbers which, when divided by 4, leave a remainder of 1.

67. If a, b, c, d, e and f are non-negative real numbers such that a + b + c + d + e + f = 1, then the

maximum value of ab + bc + cd + de + ef is

1. 1/6 2. 1 3. 6 4.

68. The sum of the reciprocals of the first 15 terms of a HP is 355/2. What is the 8th term?

1. 3/35 2.3/26

3.6/71 4. Cant be determined

69. A 15-inch ruler is marked off in sixteenths of an inch. What is the distance, in inches, from the

zero mark to the 111th mark after the zero mark?

70. A charity solicited P persons over the phone, who agreed to an average pledge of Rs. R each. Q

of these people who had pledged an average of Rs. S each never sent the pledged money. Which

of the following expressions represents the percentage of pledged money that the charity

received?

1. 100 PR 2. 100 QS

QS PR

PR PR

1. 2n 1 + n + n 2 2. 2 n 1 + n n 2

3. 2n 1 n + n 2 4. 2n + 1 + n + n 2

72. a and b are the roots of x2 x 3 = 0. Form the equation whose roots are (3a + 1) and (3b + 1).

1. x2 + 5x - 23 = 0 2. x2 - 5x + 23 = 0

3. x2 + 5x + 23 = 0 4. x2 - 5x - 23 = 0

73. How many ordered integer solutions of the form of (P, Q) are there, which satisfy the

equation P + Q = 7 ?

1. 26 2. 28 3. 22 4. 30

74. A, B, C are three commodities. A packet containing 5 pieces of A, 3 of B and 7 of C costs

Rs. 24.50. A packet containing 2, 1 and 3 of A, B and C respectively costs Rs. 17.00. The cost of

a packet containing 16, 9 and 23 items of A, B and C respectively will be

75. If the cost of 12 eggs varies between $ 0.90 and $ 1.20, then the cost per egg varies between

3. $ 0.07 and $ 0.09 4. $ 0.075 and $ 0.10

1. 20 2. 22 3. 24 4. 22

77. If x + x = 3, then the value of x 4 + 1 4 = ?

1

x

1. 47 2. 51 3. 97 4. 23

3 +1 3 1

78. If x = , y= , find the value of x2 + y2.

3 1 3 +1

1. 22 2. 14 3. 28 4. 26

79. If x =

3

2 1 , find the value of 2x3 + 6x.

3

2

1. 6 2. -3 3. 9 4. 3

( a b) 2 (b c) 2 (c a ) 2

80. Find the value of + +

(b c)(c a ) (a b)(c a ) (a b)(b c)

ca

1. (a b)( b c )(c a ) 2.

abc

bc

3. 4. 3

abc

y z x

1. 1 2. y 3. 0 4. y 2

82. After 5 years the age of the father will be thrice the age of the son, whereas 5 years ago, he was

7 times as old as his son was. What are their present ages (in yrs)?

83. A milkman has cows, buffaloes and goats. The number of goats is 5 times the number of

2

cows and the number of cows is 5 times the number of buffaloes. If the total number of cows,

2

buffaloes and goats is 39, find the number of goats the milkman owns.

1. 25 2. 10 3. 4 4. 21

84. Surinder went to the Reserve Bank of India with Rs 1000. He asked the cashier to give him Rs 5

and Rs 10 notes only in return. He got 160 notes in all. Find the number of Rs. 5 notes.

1. 40 2. 100 3. 50 4. 120

85. Sudhir has 30 handkerchiefs and socks. If he had 5 more handkerchiefs and 5 less socks, the

number of handkerchiefs becomes 5 times the number of socks. Find the original number of

handkerchiefs and socks respectively.

86. Solve the inequality x 10x + 21 0

2

1. 1 x 3 2. 8 x 3 3. 3 x 7 4. 7 x -3

2 3 4 x

I. x II. x III. x

8 12 24

1. I only 2. II only 3. I and III only 4. II and III only

89. The smallest even integer n for which (0.5)n is less than 0.01 is

1. 2 2. 4 3. 6 4. 8

90. A committee is composed of w women and m men. If 3 women and 2 men are added to the

committee and, if one person is selected at random from the committee, then the probability

that a women is selected can be given by

w w ( w + 3) ( w + 3)

1. 2. 3. 4.

m ( + w)

m ( m + w + 5) ( m + w + 3)

1. 12 2. 16 3. 10 4. 14

1. 0 2. 64 3. 39 4. 1

1 1 1 1

93. 1 1 1 ...1 = ?

3 4 5 n

1. 1 2. 2 3. n 4. n

n n 2

94. Suppose a, b, c are in G.P and a p = b q = c r, then

3. 1 , 1 , 1 are in A.P. 4. 1 , 1 , 1 are in G.P

p q r p q r

95. The smallest prime number that is the fifth term of an increasing arithmetic sequence for which

all four preceding terms are also prime is

1. 17 2. 37 3. 29 4. 59

96. Find the first term of the AP of consecutive numbers, whose third, fourth and seventh terms

form a HP.

1. 1 2. 0

3. 2 4. Infinite solutions possible

1. 36 2. 18 3. 8 4. 9

98. x men complete a job in y days. If 5 men drop out, how many more days will each of

the remaining men have to work?

y 5y xy 5y

1. 2. 3. 4.

x5 x5 5 x x2

99. The second, the first, and the third term of an arithmetic progression, whose common difference

is nonzero, form a geometric progression in that order. The common ratio is

1. 3 2. 2 3. 3 4. 2

1. For any two positive numbers x and y, their arithmetic mean geometric mean.

m m m

2 2

n

n

a b c d

4. + + + 4 for any a, b, c, d.

b c d a

Answer Key & Explanations

Q.No. Key Explanations

1. 1 Put x = 1 in both equations, a = 1.5, b = 2.

Choices a, b, c satisfy the values.

2. 4 Cannot be determined.

ab = 10 (a,b) = (2, 5), (5, 2)

2 a+b

+ has two values.

3 ab

3. 1 Let the root be x, 3x

sum of the roots 4x = b/a and

product of the roots 3x2 = c

a

Solving these 2 we get 3b 2 = 16ac.

4. 2 a + (p 1) d = q and a + (q 1) d = p.

Solving we get d = 1, a = p + q 1.

Now rth term = a + (r 1) d, putting the values of a & d we get rth term = p + q r.

Hence 2nd option is the answer.

5. 2 The value of f(1) = 6, f(2) = 24, f(3) = 60..f(10) = 1320.

Now seeing carefully the numbers are

23 2, 33 3, 43 4,113 11.

Now two formulas can be applied

11 3 - 11 = (4356 1) (66 1) 4355 65 = 4290, thus 2nd option.

6. 3 From choice (3), it is clear that

a 100 = 3100 2100 or a n = 3n 2n

If we put n = 1, 2, 3, we get

a 1 = 31 21 = 1

a 2 = 32 22 = 5

a 3 = 33 23 = 19

Which is the same as we get from the given equation. This way we conclude that (3) is our correct answer.

Note: When we verify choice (1) and (2) we dont get a1 = 1 or a 2 = 5 or a 3 = 19

7. 4 Take n = 1. Then f(1) = 0, which is divisible by all nos.

Take n = 2. Then f(2)

= 64 70 1 = 1296 71 = 1225

= 5 5 7 7, which is divisible by 5, 7 and 25.

( ) n

Note; f(n) = 62 35n 1 = (35 + 1)n 35n 1

[ ]

= 352 n C 2 + n C 3 + .... + 35 n 2

f(n) is divisible by (35)2 = 1225

or 5, 7, 25, 49.

8. 3 (632 + 362 ) + (632 362 ) 2.632

=

(632 + 362 ) 632 + 362

2 3969 2 3969

= = = 1.51

3969 + 1296 5265

9. 3 x, y > 0 ; x y = x ( y + 1)

3 11 = 3 (11 + 1) = 6 because positive square roots have to be considered.

10. 3 3 + 33 + 333 +

3 / 9 [9 + 99 + 999 + to m terms

= 3/9 [(10 1) + (100 1) + (1000 1)

+ in terms]

= 3/9 [(10 + 100 + 1000 + - to m terms) m]

= 3/9 [10 (10m 1) m]/[10 1]

= 3/9 [10m + 1 10 9m]/9

= 1/27 [10m + 1 10 9m].

Hence 3rd option.

11. 4 The least integral value of q = 5

(for a = 3 and b = 4) the least integral value of

p = 2. The difference between p & q is 3.

(for a = 1 and b = 3)

12. 3 The least value of q is 5 as calculated above.

The least value of r is 3 (for a = 5 and b = 4)

Hence q r = 2.

13. 1 X (a, b) = a! + b!

Y (a, b) = a a + b b.

Y (a, b) > X (a, b).

14. 2 min [X (a, b) ] = 2! + 2! = 4

min [Y (a, b) = 22 + 22 = 8

min [X (a, b) + Y (a, b)] = 12.

Hence it is at least two digits.

Hence 2nd option.

15. 1 1 1

2+ 2 + +

2+ 2 2 2

2(2 + 2) + 2 2 + 2 + 2

=

42

4+2 2 +4 8+2 2

= = =4+ 2 .

2 2

3 2

16. 3 2p + p 2p + 6 / 6 and let the remainder be R

= 2(p 3 p)/6 + 6/6 + p 2 / 6

The first division has been split into three divisions, the remainder is also split into 3

remainders so R = r1 + r2 + r3.

Also r1 = 2p (p 1) (p + 1), as one of the three consecutive numbers must be a multiple

of 3, hence remainder is zero.

Also r2 = 0, therefore the answer is R = r3.

Hence option 3rd is the answer.

17. 2 The percentage he wants to get is 4/5 100 = 80%.

Substituting 10 for T and 80 for P we get the following equation to solve:

80 = [(3100) + 10L)2]/100

8000 = 3100 + (10L)2.

49 = L2.

7 = L, hence 2nd option is the answer.

18. 4 b 2 4ac = 0

9(5p + 2)2 4 (3p + 9 ) = 0

9(25p 2 + 20p + 4) 12p 36 = 0

3(252 + 20p + 4) 4p 12 = 0

75p 2 + 60 p + 12 4p 12 = 0

75p 2 + 56 p = 0

p = -56 / 75 or 0, thus 4th option is the answer.

19. 4 Since 3 has the largest absolute value of the three given numbers, using z as 3 will

make z2 as long as possible.

Since x/y is a quotient, to make it as large as possible use the smallest positive number

for y and the largest positive number for x.

So if you use x = 2 and y = then x/y is as large as possible.

Therefore the value of the expression is

[2/(1/2)] (-3)2 = 4(9) = 36.

20. 4 x2 + 2x 11 = 2y(x 3)

x2 + 2x(1 y) + 6y 11 = 0.

Since x has real values, the discriminant of this equation is > 0.

So, [2(1 y)]2 4(6y 11) > 0

y2 8y + 12 > 0.

Solving this inequality yields y > 6 or y < 2.

So, y can take all values except those that lie between 2 and 6. Hence the answer is 4th option.

21. 4 The discriminant is = (17)2 (4 4 19)

= 289 304 = 15 < 0.

So the roots of the equation are imaginary.

The best answer choice is option 4.

22. 2 The AP can be expressed as a, (a + d), ---, (a + 6d).

The sum of the first 3 terms is (3a + 3d) = 21 and that of the last 3 is (3a + 15d) = 69.

Solving these equations, we get a = 3 and d = 4.

So, the first 3 terms are 3, 7 and 11 respectively and their geometric mean is 3 231

23. 1 re( -9.09 ) sa ( -9.09 ) = - 9 - ( -9 ) = -9 + 9 = 0.

24. 1 ga ( -12 ) re( -12 ) = -13 - ( -11 ) = -13 + 11 = -2.

25. 1 If the first number is 0, then 11 cases are possible, starting from 0, 0, 10 and going up

to 0, 10, 0

11+ 10 + 9 + 8 + 7 + 6 + 5 + 4 + 3 + 2 + 1 = 66.

Option (1).

26. 2 The nth term is {10n - 1}/9.

Summing all the terms we get

1/9 [ (10 + 102 + 103 + ... 10n ) - n ]

=1/9 [10/9 (10n - 1) - n].

Option (2).

27. 2 S = -3 - 7 -11 -15 - 50 terms. So sum is - 25(6 + 49 4) = -25 202 = -5050.

Option (2).

28. 4 3 + 4d - 3,7,11,15,19,23,27,31,35,39,43,47,51 1st progression.

2 + 7d 2, 9,16,23,30,37,44,51, second progression.

The first of the common terms will be 23, next will be 23 + 28.

After that 23 + 56 and so on.

Last common term will be 387.

So 14 terms in common.

Option (4).

29. 2 Let there be 3 numbers in AP, say 2, 4 and 6.

The mean of the squares will be [4 + 16 + 36]/3 = 56/3. The arithmetic mean is 4.

The square of this is 16.

The difference between the two quantities is

56/3 - 16 = 8/3.

So taking n to be 3 and d to be 2, see which option is giving the answer as 8/3, hence

the answer is 2nd as

[(32 - 1) 22]/12 = 8/3. Option (2).

30. 4 We know that arithmetic mean of 2 numbers is greater than geometric mean.

(a + c) + (b + d )

> (a + c)(b + d ) o r

Thus 2

(a + b + c + d )

ab + bc + cd + da

2

Squaring both sides, we obtain 1 ab + bc + cd + da. Hence Option (4).

4

31. 3 Using the recursion a18 + a19 = a20, we get a19 = 4181. Then, using a17 + a18 = a19, we get

a17 = 1597 and using a16 + a17 = a18, we get a16 = 987. Hence, [3].

32. 1 Use standard formulae for AM and GM. A + B = 20. Therefore AM = 10.

Hence GM = 8.

Solve for A and B. A B = 8 and A + B = 20. The values of A and B satisfying this are 16 & 4 and their

ratio becomes 4 : 1. Hence option (1).

33. 1 No of times of growth between generations is

0.5 8 times = 4 times.

Initial qty 46 = 4096 = 4 6.

So initial qty = 1 million.

34. 2 The p th term is a + (p 1)d = q;

and the q th term is a + (q 1)d = p.

Solving simultaneously, a = q + p 1, and d = -1. the n th term is a + (n 1)d

= (q + p 1) (n 1) = q + p n.

35. 1 (2 # 3) # ( (-1) * 5)

(1 * 2) # ((-1) # 5)

= (5#1) / (8#1)

= 6/9

= 2/3

36. 3 ((1#1)#2) (101.3 # log 10 0.1)

= (2#2) 1 = 3.

Denominator is 8.

So answer is 3/8.

37. 1 b

Sum of roots x1 + x2 = .

a

c

Product of roots = x1x2 =

a

Required sum of roots

1 1 x +x b a b

= + = 1 2 = = .

x1 x2 x1 x2 a c c

1 1 a

Product of roots = = .

x1 x2 c

bx a

Hence the required equation is x 2 + + =0

c c

cx2 + bx + a = 0.

Hence 1st option is the correct answer.

38. 3 Let us start with the assumption that the first and the last terms are right.

The difference between the two is 173 113 = 60.

There are 6 terms in the series.

So the common difference can be found as 113 + 5d

= 173. Or d = 60 / 5 = 12.

Now using this info, we get the 6 terms as 113, 125, 137, 149, 161 and 173.

So the odd one out is 155. Option (3).

39. 3 The forms of the AP are 5 + 11n(1)

and 7 + 13n(2).

The common term is 5 + 11 12 = 137 = 7 + 13 10. Option (3).

40. 4 1

< x 1 < x2 x2 >1 x >1 and 1 < x <0.

x

So 4th option is the answer.

41. 1 4x - 5. 2x + 4 = 0. Go by options.

1st option is the correct answer.

42. 2 Let the roots be and

+ = (a - 2) and = -(a + 1)

2 + 2 = ( + )2 2 = (a 2)2 - 2(-(a + 1))

= a 2 4a + 4 + 2a + 2 = a 2 2a + 6 = (a2 2a + 1) + 5 = (a 1)2 + 5. So 2 + 2 is min.

when a 1 = 0 or a = 1

43. 4 a 2 a 1 = 4 or a 2 = 2 + 4 = 6

a 3 = a 2 + 6 = 6 + 6 = 12

a 4 = a 3 + 8 = 12 + 8 = 20.

Here given series is 2, 6, 12, . 20, .

s = 2 + 6 + 12 + . tn

s = 2 + 6 + .. tn-1 + tn subtracting

0 = (2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + .. to n terms) tn

tn = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 . to n terms

n

= {2 2 + (n 1) 2} = 2n + n 2 n = n 2 + n

2

n(n + 1)(2n + 1) n(n + 1)

sn = n 2

+=

n n + =n

2

6

+

2

6 2

44. 1 This problem can be done beautifully by using the idea of GP

vn+1 = 3vn 2vn-1 (vn+1 vn) = 2(vn vn-1)

Put vn+1 vn = tn, n 1

Then t n = 2tn-1, n 1

Thus, tn = 2n-1t1 tn = 2n-1.(v2 v1) = 2n(v1 v0) = 2n(3 2) = 2n

vn+1 vn = 2n

vn vn-1 = 2n-1

v2 v1 = 2

Adding vn+1 v1 = 2 + 22 + . + 2n

= 2(1 + 2 + .. + 2n-1) = 2.(2n 1)

vn+1 = 2n+1 2 + 3 = 2n+1 + 1

vn = 2n + 1

Thus, v2006 = 22006 + 1

Note: If you dont want to go for the detail method, follow the following method of hit

& trial.

We have v0 = 2, v1 = 3, v2 = 5, v3 = 9, v4 = 17, v5 = 33, v6 = 65 and so on.

It is clear that all the values of vn is just one more than 2n. So vn = 2n + 1 v2006 = 22 006

+1

45. 1 6 + 66 + 666 + --- = 6/9(9 + 99 + 999 + ---)

= 2/3{(10 1) + (100 1) + (1000 1) + ---}

= 2/3{[10 + 100 + 1000 + ---] n}.

We therefore get a GP with r = 10 and the sum of the first n terms is

S n = 2/3{[10(10n - 1)/(10 1)] n}.

46. 1 The sum of roots is 1 and the product of roots is 7. 1 + 2 = - 1 & 1 2 = -7.

Squaring 1 + 2 = - 1 on both the sides

12+ 22 + 212= 1.

Putting the value of 12 we can say

12+ 22 + 2 (-7) = 1, hence 12+ 22 = 15.

Similarly solve it for the second equation and get 127.

Hence 1st option is the answer.

47. 1 2

x1 + x2 = + = + 2 ............(1),

1

Also 4x1 + 7x2 = 47 .........(2)

Solving (1) & (2) we get x1 = -3 and x2 = 5.

x1x2 = -15 = c

48. 3 x + y = 4 z and x2 + y2 = 6 z2.

So, 2xy = (x + y)2 (x2 + y2) = 10 8z + 2z2

or xy = z2 4z + 5.

x and y are roots of t2 (4 z)t + (z2 4z + 5) = 0. Since x and y are real, (4 z)2 4(z2 4z + 5) 0

3z2 8z + 4 0

or (3z 2)(z 2) 0.

Solving this inequality yields 2/3 z 2.

Similarly, 2/3 x, y 2.

If x = 2/3, then y = 5/3 and z = 5/3.

So, x2 + y2 + z = 4/9 + 25/9 + 5/3 = 44/9.

Thus statement II is true.

If x = 2, then y = 1 and z = 1 and so x2 + y + z = 6. Thus statement I is true.

49. 4 The sum is S = 19992 19982 + 19972 19962 + . + 32 22 + 12

= (1999 + 1998)(1999 1998) + (1997 + 1996)(1997 1996) + .. + (3 + 2)(3 2) + 1

= 1999 + 1998 + 1997 + 1996 + . + 3 + 2 + 1 = (1999 2000)/2 = 1999000.

50. 2 x3 3px2 + 3q 2x r3 (x p)(x q)(x r).

Equating the coefficients in this expansion gives

p + q + r = 3p, pq +qr + pr = 3q 2 and pqr = r3.

If p = 0, then q = 0 and r = 0.

If none of p, q or r is 0, then pq = r2.

Substituting this value, pq +qr + pr = r2 + r(p + q)

= 3q 2 r(p + q + r) = 3q 2 which on simplifying yields pr = q 2.

So, pq/pr = r2/q 2 q/r = r2/q 2.

This equation yields q = r.

Also, since pr = q 2 = r2, we get p = r.

Thus, p = q = r.

51. 2 N = 0.xyzxyzxyzxyz ...... .... (1)

1000 N =xyz.xyzxyzxyz....... .... (2)

Thus (2) - (1) gives, 999 N = xyz hence

N = xyz = xyz

999 (9 111)

Similarly, M = ab = ab

99 (9 11)

Clearly, M + N = xyz + ab = (11 xyz + 111 ab)

(9 111) (9 11) (9 11 111)

= (11 xyz + 111 ab)

(10989)

Thus, 10989 (M+N) = (11 xyz + 111 ab)

The LHS is a integer hence, 10989 (N + M) is an integer.

Hence, [2].

52. 2 Substitute with p = 7, then 1 < k < 7, so we get integers that lie in this interval as 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.

Of all these we get remainder 1, when we divide 62 by 7. (So only in 1 case). Option(2)

53. 3 Each pair of 6-8 yields the sum of -2.

In 2n terms, there are n such pairs.

So total sum will be n -2 = -2n. Option(3)

54. 3 Let weight of empty vessel = w.

The weight of full water = x.

w

Now x + w = 16.5 kg. Also + x = 5.25. Solve the two simultaneous equations and get

4

x = 1.5 kg.

55. 4 Take examples as 9 and 4.

Then check with options.

Option(4).

56. 2 Let the three terms be 2, 4 and 8.

The values of p, q, that will fit such that a p = b q = cr, will be 1, 1/2 and 1/3.

So the inverse of these terms will be in AP. Option (2)

57. 1 First of all, find the non-negative integral solutions of

x + y + z = 9.

It is equal to the number of ways in which 9 identical items can be distributed into three

different lots such that blank lots are also permitted.

Required number of ways

= 9+3-1C3-1 = 11 C2 = 55

if x + y + z = 9 then u + v = 7

Similarly, non-negative integral solutions of

u + v = 7 is 7 + 2 - 1C2 1 = 8C1 = 8

Total number of non-negative integral solutions of

x + y + z + u + v = 16 is 55 8 = 440.

Option(1)

58. 2 x/y+z = y/x+z = z/x+y and x + y + z = 0

By componendo dividendo,

(x + y + z)/(x y z) = (x + y + z)/(y x z),

Solving this, x y z = y x z.

x=y

Apply componendo dividendo once again and get

x=y=z

x/x + y + z = x/3x = 1/3

Hence option 2nd.

59. 2 Let a & b be the first and last terms of the three series & (2n + 1) be the number of

terms.

The middle terms of the AP, GP & HP are

A = (a + b)/2, G = (ab) and H = 2ab/(a + b) respectively.

Consider AH = [(a + b)/2] [2ab/(a + b)] = ab = G2 So, G2 = AH and these three

terms form a GP.

60. 4 For x < 0, x2 > 0 and 3x > 0.

So, x2 3x + 208 > 0.

For x = 0, x2 = 0 and 3x = 0.

So, x2 3x + 208 > 0.

For 0 < x 3, x2 3x 0, but x2 3x + 208 > 0.

For x > 3, x2 3x + 208 > 0.

Thus, x2 3x + 208 > 0 for all x.

61. 3 Since a, b and c are in AP, 2b = a + c.

So, (10 bx + 10 )2 = (10 ax + 10 10 cx + 10 )

= 102 (bx + 10) = 10 ax + cx + 20.

So, 2 (bx + 10) = ax + cx + 20 for all values of x (even if x = 0).

The above equation is in the form B2 = AC.

Thus, 10 ax + 10 , 10 bx + 10 , 10 cx + 10 , will always be in GP.

62. 4 Adding the two equations we get x2 < 4.

The solution set to this is 2 < x < 2.

So integer values of x are 1, 0, 1.

Substituting for each of these we can break it up into 3 cases:

1. x=-1, -y < -2 and y < 4 Or y > 2 and y < 4.

Solution set to this is y = 3,

2. x = 0, -y < -1 and y < 5,

Solution set to this is y = 2, 3, 4

3. x = 1 Same as case 1.

Solution set to this is y = 3. Hence total 5 solutions.

63. 1 f(x) = x2 + ax + b for all x I,

x = 0 f(0) = b b I

Now, f(1) = 1 + a + b I.

1 I and b I a I.

Thus the answer is (1)

64. 1 If x = (2n 1) then x = n 2.

If n 2 = (y + 1)2 , n = y + 1.

So x = 2(y + 1) 1 = 2y + 1

65. 2 Take the LCM and make the equation as

(2b) (2b) 2 4 1 2c

x2 + 2bx + 2c = 0. Its general solution will be 2 1

2b 4b 2 8c

2

Canceling 2 from the numerator and denominator you get b b 2 2c .

Now both of the roots have to be integers and that is only possible if b happens to be an integer and b 2 2c

happens to be a perfect square. Thus 2nd option.

66. 2 Numbers would be from 4k + 1.

2 digit numbers only to be considered

k = 3 gives 13. It will continue upto k = 24, which gives 97. So it is series 13 + 17 +

97.

It is an AP of a = 13, d = 4, l = 97 and n = 22

n 22

Sn = [a + l] S22 = [13 + 97]

2 2

= 110 11 = 1210.

67. 4 If we take a = b =1/2 and c = d = e = f = 0, the equation holds.

So the maximum value is 1/4

Otherwise 2nd and 3rd options are straightaway rejected, as not possible (in case of

decimal number, the product is lesser), then as product could be 1/4 , hence it should be

the answer, because 1/6 is smaller than this.

Hence option 4th is the answer.

68. 3 The denominators of a HP are in AP.

These can be considered to be of the form

a, (a + d), ---, (a + 14d).

The sum of these 15 terms is

(15/2)*(2a + 14d) = 355/2.

The 8th term is (a + 7d) = 355/30.

Therefore, the 8th term of the HP is 6/71

69. 2 The question is to see the number of inches in 111th mark.

As 16 marks are representing 1 inch, thus 111 will represent 111/16 = 6 15/16 inches.

Option (2) is the answer.

70. 3 Total pledged money = P R = PR.

Total money received = P R Q S = PR QS. Hence, percentage of pledged

money that the charity received = [(PR QS)/PR ] 100 = ( 1 - QS/PR ) 100

= 100 100 (QS/PR). Thus, the correct answer is 3rd option.

71. 1 The series can be written as

(1+ 2) + (2 + 4) + (4 + 6) + (8 + 8) + .........

1 + 2 + 4 + 8 + ........ are in G.P. for n terms,

2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + ........ are in A.P. for n terms

(

a rn 1 ) + n 2a + ( n 1) d (

1 2n 1 ) + n 2 2 + ( n 1) 2

2

n

Sn in G.P. + Sn in A.P. =

r 1 2 2 1 2

1 + n + n 2.

Thus 1st option is the answer.

72. 4 ( 1) 3

Given a + b = = 1 and ab = = 3 .

1 1

Equation whose roots are (3a+1), (3b+1) is

x2 (sum of roots) x + (product of roots) = 0

i.e. x2 (3a + 3b + 2) x + (9ab + 3a + 3b + 1) = 0,

x2 5x 23 = 0. Thus 4th option.

73. 2 The following are the cases for (a, b) which make this equation right. (0, 7) (0, -7) (1,

6) (1, -6) (-1, 6) (-1, -6) (2, 5) (-2, 5) (2, -5) (-2, -5) (3, 4) (-3, 4) (3, -4) (-3, -4).

These 14 cases and their reverse 14 cases.

Thus 28 solutions are there.

74. 2 The two equations will be 5A + 3B + 7C = 24.50 (i) and 2A + B + 3C = 17 (ii)

Seemingly the answer should be data inadequate because there are three variables and

only two equations.

But if you multiply the first equation by 2 and second equation by 3 and then adding

you get 16A + 9B + 23 C = 100.

This is what the question is asking, thus 2nd option is the answer.

75. 4 Cost per egg will vary between minimum / 12 and maximum / 12.

76. 4 2

3x + 2 = 0 gives x = .

3

Putting this value of x in 27x3 - 9x2 + 3x 8.

We get 27

2 2 2

( )3 9( )2 + 3 ( ) - 8 = - 8 4 2 8

3 3 3

= - 22 as the remainder.

77. 1 1 1 2 2 1

x+ = 3. ( x+ ) =x + 2 +2=9

x x x

1 1 1

x2 + 2 = 7. (x2+ 2 )2 = x4 + 4 + 2 = 49

x x x

1

x + 4 = 49 2 = 47.

4

x

78. 2 x= 3 +1 . y = 3 1 . x2 + y2 = ?

3 1 3 +1

3 1 3 +1

= ( 3 + 1) = 3 + 1 + 2 3 = 2 + 3 .

2

2 2

Similarly y = 2 - 3 x2 + y2 = (2+ 3 )2 + (2- 3 )2

= 4 + 3 + 4 3 + 4 + 3 4 3 = 14.

79. 4 x = 2 1/3 2 1/3

x3 = (21/3)3 (2-1/3)3 3.21/3.2-1/3 (21/3 2-1/3 )

= 2 1 3( x) = 3 3x x3 = 3 3 x

2 2 2

2x3 = 3 6x 2x3 + 6x = 3.

80. 4 (a b ) 3 + (b c) 3 + (c a ) 3

(a b)(b c)(c a ) (a b)(b c)(c a) (a b)(b c)(c a)

(a b) + (b c) + (c a)

3 3 3

(a b)(b c)(c a)

Now a b + b c + c a = 0

a 3 + b 3 + c3 = 3abc

(a b)3 + (b c)3 +(c a)3 = 3(a b) (b c) (c a)

So 3(a b)(b c)(c a) = 3.

(a b)(b c)(c a )

81. 1

x + 1 = 1, y + 1 = 1, z + 1 = ?

y z x

x = 1 - 1 = y 1 1 = 1 y

y y z

z= 1 1 + y 1 - y 1 y 1.

1 y 1 y y 1 1 y 1 y 1 y

82. 3 Let age of father = x & age of son = y

x + 5 = 3(y + 5) and x 5 = 7(y 5).

Solving these 2 equations you get x = 40 and y = 10. Options can also be tried.

3rd option is the correct answer because 40 + 5

= 3(10 + 5) and (40 5) = 7 (10 5).

So 3rd option satisfies both the equations.

83. 1 5 5

G= C ; C = B.

2 2

C + B + G =39

5 5 25 2

G= . B G= B C= G

2 2 4 5

4 2G 4G

B= G + + G = 39

25 5 25

10G + 4G + 25G = 39 25 G = 25.

84. 4 Let numbers of Rs. 5 notes = x

& number of Rs. 10 notes = y

x + y =160 & 5x +10y = 1000 x = 120.

85. 3 Let number of handkerchiefs be x and no. of socks be y x + y = 30,

x + 5 = 5(y 5)

x = 20 & y = 10.

86. 3 x2 - 10x + 21 0

(x 3)(x 7) 0 3 x 7.

Hence 3rd option is the correct answer.

87. 4 2x2 13x + 21 0

7

(x 3)(2x 7) 0 x 3 and x .

2

Hence 4th option is the correct answer.

88. 2 LCM of 2, 3 and 4 is 12.

So x = 12 gives an integer as the answer.

89. 4

( 1 )n < 1 .

2 100

n = 6 gives 1 which is greater than 1 and n = 8 gives 1 which is less than 1

64 100 256 100

smallest even integer would be 8.

90. 3 Initially it had w women and m men.

Finally it had w + 3 women and m + 2 men.

Probability of selection of a woman is

w+3 w+3 .

w+3+ m + 2 w+ m +5

91. 4 Whenever such kind of a question is to be solved, simply take the divisor and put it equal to zero

i.e. y 2 = 0 y = 2. Now put y to be equal to 2 and get the remainder as 14.

92. 1 If a + b + c = 0, a 3 + b 3 + c3 3abc = 0.

As per that formula, the answer is 0.

93. 2 (1 1/3)(1 1/4)(1 1/5) (1 1/n)

2 3 4 5 n 2 n 1 2

= . .

3 4 5 6 n 1 n n

Thus 2nd option is the answer.

94. 3 Take three smallest possible terms in G.P. for which you know the value of certain

powers i.e. 2, 4, 8 (never take 1 because 1 raise to power anything gives you 1 only).

Now 2p = 4q = 8r, just recall quickly 64 is such a number, which is a power of all of 2, 4 and 8.

Put all of these equal to 64 and get the values of p, q and r as 6, 3 and 2 respectively.

You can check they are in H.P.

Thus 3rd option will be the answer (because all the terms of H.P. are the reciprocals of A.P.)

95. 3 The prime numbers are

2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29 etc.

The no. 5, 11, 17, 23, 29 form an increasing sequence for which 29 is the fifth term.

96. 2 Let the number be (a 3), (a 2),..., a,..., (a + 3)

2/a = 1/(a 1) + 1/(a + 3); or a = 3, and a 3 = 0.

97. 4 Given a sum of two numbers, the product is maximum when the two numbers are equal.

98. 2 The total work done is xy.

Thus, (x - 5) people would take xy / (x - 5) days.

Thus the number of extra days is

xy/ (x - 5) - y = 5y / (x - 5).

99. 4 Let the 3 terms be a d, a and a+ d

They form a GP, so square of middle term = product of other two terms.

Here the middle term is a d

(a d)2 = a(a + d).

Solving we get d = 3a.

The numbers then become: -2a, a and 4a.

The common ratio is 2.

100. 2 Check statement 2, with values and : and value of m =2. LHS = ( + 1/16) / 2 = 10

/ 64

RHS = 3/8 3/8 = 9 / 64.

Then LHS > RHS with options and :

and value of m = . LHS = (1/2 + 1/4) / 2 = 0.16

RHS = (3/8) = 0.6

Then LHS < RHS

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