NASA Daily News Summary For Release: September 17, 1998 Media Advisory 98-31 TODAY'S SUMMARY: -- Engineers Successfully Regain

Control of SOHO Spacecraft -- SeaWiFS Completes a Year of Remarkable Earth Observations -- NASA Recognizes Outstanding Minority Contractors -- Note to Editors: Students Go Back to School with NASA Computers -- Note to Editors: Deep Space 1 Prelaunch Technology Briefing, Sept. 22 -- Note to Editors: NASA's Underwater Station Mission Serves as Analog to Space Missions -- Video File for Sept. 17 - Item 1: Portrait of Planet Earth - Year in Review - Item 2: Engineers Regain Control of SOHO - Item 3: Underwater Archaeology Uses NASA Technology -- Upcoming Live Television Event: Discovery Rolls to the Pad for Glenn's Launch, Sep. 21 -- Aeronautics Conference, Oct. 9 ***** ENGINEERS SUCCESSFULLY REGAIN CONTROL OF SOHO SPACECRAFT Spacecraft controllers successfully regained control of the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) spacecraft yesterday after sending a series of commands directing the spacecraft to fire thrusters and turn its face and solar power panels fully toward the Sun. This is the first time the joint European Space Agency (ESA) and NASA spacecraft has been controlled from the ground since SOHO spun out of control and communication was lost on June 24. Contacts: Don Savage, NASA HQ, Washington, DC, 202/358-1727; Bill Steigerwald, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 301/286-5017; Franco Bonacina, European Space Agency Headquarters, Paris, France 33-1-5369-7155. Full text of release:

SEAWIFS COMPLETES A YEAR OF REMARKABLE EARTH OBSERVATIONS For the first time in history, NASA is releasing dramatic images documenting the Earth's changing biology, both on land and in the oceans, as observed from space for one continuous year. The changing seasons of life, the "pulse of the planet," are being monitored by the Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS), which was launched on Aug. 1, 1997, and has continuously produced data since Sep. 18, 1997. The SeaWiFS mission is the first NASA Earth Science data purchase in which industry led the development of the full mission. Contacts: David E. Steitz, NASA HQ, Washington, DC, 202/3581730); Lynn Chandler, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, 301/614-5562 Full text of release:

NASA RECOGNIZES OUTSTANDING MINORITY CONTRACTORS NASA will recognize three minority contractors Sep. 23 for their exceptional contributions to the nation's space program. Awards are given annually to minority contractors and subcontractors who have demonstrated significant support of NASA's initiatives. The contractors are: Symtech Corporation, Alexandria, VA; Stanford Mu Corporation, Harbor City, CA; and Dynamac Corporation, Rockville, MD. Contact: Sonja Alexander, NASA HQ, Washington, DC, 202/358-1761. Full text of release:

STUDENTS GO BACK TO SCHOOL WITH NASA COMPUTERS Students at Kramer Middle School in Washington, DC, will show NASA Administrator Daniel S. Goldin how NASA-donated computers will be used in their classroom on Tuesday, Sep. 22. In just one year, NASA has donated over 36,000 excess computer items with an original cost of $75 million to public, private and parochial schools serving students in pre-kindergarten through 12th grade. Working with the federal Computers for Learning program, established by Vice President Al Gore in 1997, Federal agencies can now streamline the transfer of excess computer equipment to those U.S. schools with the greatest need. Contact: Beth Schmid, NASA HQ, Washington, DC, 202/358-1760. Full text of Note to Editors: ***** DEEP SPACE 1 PRELAUNCH TECHNOLOGY BRIEFING SCHEDULED FOR SEP. 22 Representatives from NASA's Deep Space 1 mission team will conduct a televised media briefing on the mission and its goals on Tuesday, Sep. 22, at 2 p.m. EDT. The briefing will originate from NASA HQ in Washington, DC, and will be carried live on NASA TV. Deep Space 1 is now officially scheduled for liftoff at 6:59:50 a.m. EST on Oct. 25, 1998, Deep Space 1 is the first mission in NASA's New Millennium Program, designed to test and validate new technologies so that they can be used confidently on science missions of the 21st century. Contact: Douglas Isbell, NASA HQ, Washington, DC, 202/3581547; John Watson, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, 818/354-5011. Full text of Note to Editors:

GOING "ALL OUT" UNDER WATER NASA's Life Sciences Division is sponsoring the Challenge Mission, an eight-day deployment of the Scott Carpenter Space Analog Station on the sea floor off Key Largo, Sep. 23-30. The station is a fully functioning, submersible habitat that serves as a demonstration setting for challenges to systems needed for human exploration of space. The list of official crew members includes former astronaut Buzz Aldrin, movie producer James Cameron, actress Kate Mulgrew, and Tom Whittaker, the first disabled person to summit Mt. Everest. Invited individuals and representatives of the Challenge Project museum and national organization partners will be joined by Space Life Sciences experts in the space analog station. Contact: Jennifer McCarter, NASA HQ, Washington, DC, 202/358-1639. Full text of Note to Editors:

An index of NASA News Releases can be found at: If any news releases are issued after this summary, adds to this summary will be e-mailed to the list. ***** Video File for Sep. 17, 1998 ITEM 1: PORTRAIT OF PLANET EARTH - YEAR IN REVIEW (see press release above)

For the first time in history, NASA is releasing dramatic images documenting the Earth's changing biology, both on land and in the oceans for a continuous year as observed from space. The images highlight the first year of continuous data collected from NASA's Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS). NASA scientists have rendered an entire year of global SeaWiFS data into a series of animated sequence. The images highlight the life and death of the Earth's plant life which seem to pulse with each change in the seasons. The red and yellow areas in the ocean represent regions with high concentrations of chlorophyll and, therefore, high numbers of microscopic green plants called phytoplankton. On land, heavily vegetated areas are dark green and areas with little or no vegetation are colored brown. Each sequence contains four seasonal averages -Sept.-Nov. (Fall), Dec.-Feb. (Winter), Mar.- May (Spring) and June-Aug. (Summer). CHECK TO SEE IF YOUR REGION OF THE U.S. IS REPRESENTED. Contact: Wade Sisler, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, 301/286-6256; Dave Steitz, NASA HQ, Washington, DC, 202/358-1730. ITEM 2: ENGINEERS REGAIN CONTROL OF SOHO (see press release above) On Sep. 16, 1998, engineers sent commands to the SOHO spacecraft to turn it to face fully towards the sun and it obeyed. This is the first time since June 25, 1998, when SOHO spun out of control and communication was lost, that SOHO is pointing to the sun in the correct manner. Today's footage shows the team completing the maneuver, animation of the spacecraft, and highlights of SOHO's pictures of the sun. Contacts: Bill Steigerwald, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, 301/286-5017; Don Savage, NASA HQ, Washington, DC, 202/358-1727. ITEM 3: UNDERWATER ARCHAEOLOGY USES NASA TECHNOLOGY Contact: Mike Mewhinney, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, 650/604-3937. The NASA Video File airs at noon, 3, 6, 9 p.m. and midnight

Eastern time. For further information, please contact Ray Castillo, 202/358-4555. NASA Television is available on GE-2, transponder 9C at 85 degrees West longitude, with vertical polarization. Frequency is on 3880.0 megahertz, with audio on 6.8 megahertz. The most recent NASA Video File Advisory can be found at: ***** UPCOMING LIVE TELEVISION EVENTS DISCOVERY ROLLS TO THE PAD FOR GLENN'S LAUNCH On Monday, Sep. 21, Discovery will roll from the Vehicle Assembly Building to the Launch Pad. NASA TV will carry this event live from 7:45 am EST until it reaches the Pad. Contact: Joel Wells, NASA Kennedy Space Center, FL, 408/8672468; Ray Castillo, NASA HQ, Washington, DC, 202/358-4555. NASA Television is available on GE-2, transponder 9C at 85 degrees West longitude, with vertical polarization. Frequency is on 3880.0 megahertz, with audio on 6.8 megahertz. ***** CONFERENCE TO REVIEW PROGRESS OF AERONAUTICS PROGRAM NASA will brief industry and the public-at-large on progress in meeting its aeronautics goals at the first conference of this kind to be held Friday, Oct. 9, 1998, at NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH. Contacts: Michael Braukus, NASA HQ, 202/358-1979; Lori Rachul, NASA Lewis Research Center, 216/433-8806. For the full text of this Note to Editors:

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