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Centre of Gravity Calculation

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CALCULATION

Plate that point in the plane of the area about any axis

through which the moment of area is zero, it considers

with the center of gravity of the area materialized as

infinitely thin homogeneous and uniform.

lug to be decided ehich in turn would decide a smooth

erection.

While transporting saddle is spaced equal distance from

C.G. so as to avoid tilting of equipment.

While shop manufacturing if C.G. is known, counter

weight can put for easy rotation of job.

Accurate C.G. calculation is required to load

components on a material on a machining set up (i.e.

milling, drilling & turning)

For carry out hydrotest of vertical vessel C.G. can be

required to put saddle support at adequate place.

In road transportation of vessel consignment to balance

load we required C.G.

During erection of equipment and do site joints of

cylindrical part C.G. required.

Find out weight of the all parts of the job (i.e. shall,

cone, D/E etc.)

Find out X & Y values for all components (i.e. shall,

cone, D/E etc.)

The same values of X and Y components shall be find

out by using following formulas

_ Wt * X _ Wt * Y

X = ---------------- Y = -------------------

Wt Wt

WHERE,

X = C.G. point in vertical direction of all parts

Y = C.G. point in horizontal direction of all parts

X = sum of Wt * X co- ordinate of all parts.

Y = Sum of Wt * Y co ordinate of all parts.

DESIGN PROCEDURE AS PER ASME SECTION VIII

DIV 1

SHELL: -

CIRCUMFERENTIAL SHELL

PR

t = ----------------- + C.A.

SE 0.6P

LONGITUDINAL SHELL

PR

t = ----------------- + C.A.

2SE 0.4P

SPERICAL SHELL

PR

t = ----------------- + C.A.

2SE 0.2P

WHERE,

T = thickness

P = inter design pressure

R = out side radius

S = allowable stress value

ELLIPSOIDAL HEAD

PD

t = ----------------- + C.A.

2SE 0.2P

TORISPHERICAL HEAD

0.0885PL

t = ----------------- + C.A.

SE 0.1P

HEMISPHERICAL HEAD

PL

t = ----------------- + C.A.

2SE 0.2P

CONICAL HEAD

PD

t = --------------------------- + C.A.

2 COS (SE 0.6P)

WHERE,

T = THICKNESS

P = INTERNAL DESIGN PRESSURE

D = INSIDE DIAMETER OF THE HEAD

S = MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE STRESS

E = LOWEST EFFICIENCY OF JOINT

L = INSIDE SPERICAL OR CROWN RADIUS

THICKNESS OF NOZZLE WALL

PRn

tn = --------------------------- + C.A.

SE 0.6P

WHERE,

P = INTERNAL DESIGN PRESSURE

Rn = INTERNAL RADIUS OF THE NOZZLE

S = ALLOWABLE STRESS OF MATERIAL

E = JOINT EFFICIENCY

Tn = THICKNESS OF NOZZLE PIPE

REINFORCEMENT CALCULATION :

WHERE,

D = FINISHED DIAMETER OF CIRCULAR

F = CORROSION FACTOR

Frl = Sn/Sv

Tr = Required thickness

tn = Nozzle wall thickness

DESIGN PROCEDURE AS PER ASME SEC VIII DIV 2

1. CYLINDRICAL SHELLS

PR

t = ---------------- + C.A.

S 0.5P

2. SPHERICAL SHELLS

0.5PR

t = ---------------- + C.A.

S 0.25P

3. CONICAL SHELLS

PR

t = ---------------- + C.A.

S 0. 5P

WHERE,

T = THICKNESS

P = INTERNAL DESIGN PRESSURE

R = RADIUS

S = ALLOWABLE STRESS

HEADS:

4. HEMISPHERICAL HEADS

0.5PR

t = ---------------- + C.A.

S 0. 25P

thickness shall be as required for spherical shell.

5. TORISPHERICAL HEAD/ELLIPSOIDAL HEAD

D

t = ----(E^P/S 1) + C.A.

2

WHERE,

T = MINIMUM REQUIRED THICKNESS

P = INTERNAL DESIGN PRESSURE

D = INSIDE DIAMETER

S = ALLOWABLE STRESS

E = LOWEST EFFICENCITY

L = INSIDE SPHERICAL OR CROWN RADIUS

tn = PRn / S 0.5P

WHERE,

tn = NOZZLE WALL THICKNESS

P = INTERNAL DESIGN PRESSURE

Rn = OUTSIDE RADIUS OF THE SHELL

S = ALLOWABLE STRESS VALUE

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