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REPORT ON C.G.

CALCULATION

HOW CAN C.G. DEFINED?

Plate that point in the plane of the area about any axis
through which the moment of area is zero, it considers
with the center of gravity of the area materialized as
infinitely thin homogeneous and uniform.

IMPORTANCE OF C.G. CALCULATION :

As per C.G. calculation, location of lifting and tailing


lug to be decided ehich in turn would decide a smooth
erection.
While transporting saddle is spaced equal distance from
C.G. so as to avoid tilting of equipment.
While shop manufacturing if C.G. is known, counter
weight can put for easy rotation of job.
Accurate C.G. calculation is required to load
components on a material on a machining set up (i.e.
milling, drilling & turning)
For carry out hydrotest of vertical vessel C.G. can be
required to put saddle support at adequate place.
In road transportation of vessel consignment to balance
load we required C.G.
During erection of equipment and do site joints of
cylindrical part C.G. required.

STEPS OF C.G. CALCULATION :

Fix (0,0) of job for reference X & Y values.


Find out weight of the all parts of the job (i.e. shall,
cone, D/E etc.)
Find out X & Y values for all components (i.e. shall,
cone, D/E etc.)
The same values of X and Y components shall be find
out by using following formulas
_ Wt * X _ Wt * Y
X = ---------------- Y = -------------------
Wt Wt

WHERE,

Wt = Sum of weight of all parts


X = C.G. point in vertical direction of all parts
Y = C.G. point in horizontal direction of all parts
X = sum of Wt * X co- ordinate of all parts.
Y = Sum of Wt * Y co ordinate of all parts.
DESIGN PROCEDURE AS PER ASME SECTION VIII
DIV 1

SHELL: -

CIRCUMFERENTIAL SHELL
PR
t = ----------------- + C.A.
SE 0.6P

LONGITUDINAL SHELL

PR
t = ----------------- + C.A.
2SE 0.4P

SPERICAL SHELL

PR
t = ----------------- + C.A.
2SE 0.2P

WHERE,
T = thickness
P = inter design pressure
R = out side radius
S = allowable stress value

THICKNESS OF FORMED HEADS

ELLIPSOIDAL HEAD

PD
t = ----------------- + C.A.
2SE 0.2P
TORISPHERICAL HEAD

0.0885PL
t = ----------------- + C.A.
SE 0.1P

HEMISPHERICAL HEAD

PL
t = ----------------- + C.A.
2SE 0.2P

CONICAL HEAD

PD
t = --------------------------- + C.A.
2 COS (SE 0.6P)

WHERE,

T = THICKNESS
P = INTERNAL DESIGN PRESSURE
D = INSIDE DIAMETER OF THE HEAD
S = MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE STRESS
E = LOWEST EFFICIENCY OF JOINT
L = INSIDE SPERICAL OR CROWN RADIUS
THICKNESS OF NOZZLE WALL

PRn
tn = --------------------------- + C.A.
SE 0.6P

WHERE,
P = INTERNAL DESIGN PRESSURE
Rn = INTERNAL RADIUS OF THE NOZZLE
S = ALLOWABLE STRESS OF MATERIAL
E = JOINT EFFICIENCY
Tn = THICKNESS OF NOZZLE PIPE

REINFORCEMENT CALCULATION :

A = DtrF + 2 tntrF (1- frl)

WHERE,
D = FINISHED DIAMETER OF CIRCULAR
F = CORROSION FACTOR
Frl = Sn/Sv
Tr = Required thickness
tn = Nozzle wall thickness
DESIGN PROCEDURE AS PER ASME SEC VIII DIV 2

1. CYLINDRICAL SHELLS

PR
t = ---------------- + C.A.
S 0.5P

2. SPHERICAL SHELLS

0.5PR
t = ---------------- + C.A.
S 0.25P

3. CONICAL SHELLS

PR
t = ---------------- + C.A.
S 0. 5P

WHERE,
T = THICKNESS
P = INTERNAL DESIGN PRESSURE
R = RADIUS
S = ALLOWABLE STRESS
HEADS:

4. HEMISPHERICAL HEADS

0.5PR
t = ---------------- + C.A.
S 0. 25P

For hemispherical heads the minimum required


thickness shall be as required for spherical shell.
5. TORISPHERICAL HEAD/ELLIPSOIDAL HEAD

D
t = ----(E^P/S 1) + C.A.
2

WHERE,
T = MINIMUM REQUIRED THICKNESS
P = INTERNAL DESIGN PRESSURE
D = INSIDE DIAMETER
S = ALLOWABLE STRESS
E = LOWEST EFFICENCITY
L = INSIDE SPHERICAL OR CROWN RADIUS

THICKNESS OF NOZZLE WALL :

tn = PRn / S 0.5P

WHERE,
tn = NOZZLE WALL THICKNESS
P = INTERNAL DESIGN PRESSURE
Rn = OUTSIDE RADIUS OF THE SHELL
S = ALLOWABLE STRESS VALUE