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SUBSTATION NAME OTTIYABAKKAM 400/230/110KV SS

FEEDER NAME 230KV KITZ Park 1 # (BAY- 207)
CT RATIO 1200 1200A/1A
PT RATIO 2090.91 230KV/110V
CT/PT RATIO FACTOR 0.5739
Type of Conductor OH
Protected # ZEBRA Z1/KM 0.078 0.392 Kms
Protected # ZEBRA Z0/KM 0.265 1.315
Protected # KUNDHA Z1/ KM 0.079 0.402
Protected # KUNDHA Z0 /KM 0.264 1.498
Distance of Protected # ZEBRA in KM 9 KM
Distance of Protected # KUNDHA in KM 0 KM
Total Distance of Protected # in KM 9 KM
Other End Substation Name KITS Park 2 230 KV SS
Shortest # Name Tharamani #
R X Z THETA
Protected # ZEBRA Z1/KM 0.078 0.392
Protected # ZEBRA Z0/KM 0.265 1.315
Shortest # ZEBRA Conductor Distance in 9.488 KM
KM
Protected # KUNDHA Z1/ KM 0.079 0.402
Protected # KUNDHA Z0 /KM 0.264 1.498
Shortest # KUNDHA conducotr Distance
0
in KM KM
Shortest # Total Distance in KM 9.488 KM
Longest # Name 230 KV OTTIYAMBAKKAM #2
Protected # ZEBRA Z1/KM 0.078 0.392
Protected # ZEBRA Z0/KM 0.265 1.315
Longest # ZEBRA Conductor Distance in
11.4 KM
KM
Protected # KUNDHA Z1/ KM 0.079 0.402
Protected # KUNDHA Z0 /KM 0.264 1.498
Longest # KUNDHA conducotr Distance
0
in KM KM
Longest # Total Distance in KM 11.4 KM
ZONE 1 (80 % impedance of the protected feeder)
Z1 Py 0.562 2.822 2.878 78.746
Z1 Sy 0.322 1.620 1.652 78.746
Z0 Py 1.908 9.468 9.658 78.606
Z0 Sy 1.095 5.434 5.543 78.606

ZONE 2 (100 % impedance of the protected feeder + 50% impedance of the adjacent shortest feeder)
Z 2 Py 1.072 5.388 5.493 78.746
Z 2 Sy 0.615 3.092 3.153 78.746
Zo Py 3.642 18.073 18.437 78.606
Z0 Sy 2.090 10.373 10.581 78.606

ZONE 3 ( 100 % impedance of the protected feeder + 110% impedance of the adjacent longest feeder)
Z 3 Py 1.680 8.444 8.609 78.746
Z 3 Sy 0.964 4.846 4.941 78.746
Z0 Py 5.708 28.325 28.895 78.606

256 16.Z0 Sy 3.276 16.606 .583 78.

792261 6.929 78.891 78.214859 1.814 3.477 2.356 -0.8457594435 9.199 .413 78.140 Zone 3 z0/z1= 3.199 zo-z1 2.405 0.955 78.746 Z0 Py 0.064 78.773 3.785 -0.9669286957 4.403 2.475 7.823 78.859437 4.547 3z1 0.746 Zone 1 (z0-z1)/3*z1= 0.025 2.3687826087 6.199 zo-z1 0.415 78.239 78.274 1.702 3.746 Zone 3 (z0-z1)/3*z1= 0.140 Zone 2 z0/z1= 3.706 0.547 3z1 2.746 Zone 2 (z0-z1)/3*z1= 0.642 78.140 Zone 4 z0/z1= 3.ZONE 4 ( 25 % of Zone 1 impedance) Z 4 Py 0.785 -0.199 zo-z1 1.606 EARTH COMPENSATION FACTOR Zone 1 z0/z1= 3.386 78.458 78.528 3.8927283478 14.606 z0 Sy 0.356 -0.385 11.746 Zone 4 (z0-z1)/3*z1= 0.193 0.719 78.140 EARTH COMPENSATION FACTOR zo-z1 0.746 Z1Sy 0.597 78.53781 14.606 Z0Sy 1.280 7.606 IMPEDANCE OF THE ENTIRE LINE TO BE PROTECTED Z1Py 0.140 0.953 0.356 -0.547 3z1 1.2417321739 1.547 3z1 0.081 0.410 11.358 1.276124 9.312 11.785 -0.785 -0.973 78.835 12.367 2.746 Z4 SY 0.356 -0.073 78.746 Z0Py 2.428 78.

2*Zloadmin = 40. The mimimum load impedance is calculated using the following expression.082 Ω .34 Ω For earth faults.600 Ω Assume Rarc=0.5*D5 A = 88. Primary full load current = 855 Amps CT/PT RATIO FACTOR = 0.85*230 KV √3*1.5M L= 2.6 RG Min Sy>= 6.4 If= 4250 Amps = 0.4*Zloadmin = 30.60 Ω Assume Rarc=0.009 Ω Zload Sy = 50.5739 Total Length of Feeder = 9 Kms Z load = V min √3 * I max Z load Py = 0.5 Metre If^1.408 Ω Rph min ≥ Rarc Assume If .510 Ω So the max resistive reach (Right Blinder) for phase fault distance Rph max = Zload min-0.5 Metre If^1.2 Let Rtf = 10 Ω Primary Rarc = 28710*2.306 Ω Maximum Resistive reach (Right Blinder) for Ground fault distance RG max = Zload min-0.4 If= 6450 Amps = 0.6 Rphmin Sy >= RarcPy*CTratio/PTratio = 0.The resistive reach is calculated with 85 % of rated voltage and 50 % of over loading condition and the power factor may be greater than 30 deg.e minexpected phase to phase fault current Rarc = 28710*L L= 4.the resistive reaches are calculated as follows RG Min ≥ (Rarc+Rtf)*1. I.

Car.41 Ω RG4 = Zone4 Res.39 Max.31 Ω R4ph = Zone4 Res. Capacity*CTR I2 > 24.2 * Max Power Swing current Delta X= 10-30% of R3ph 0.50% 0.7869 Ω RG (Z4) = RG Z3 = 40.1404 FOR PHASE DISTANCE (Res. Car.4 Amps Biased Residual Current Threshold In> 0.+ Rarc +Rtf = 12.Cur.25% 0. Power Swing current = 2 * In = 2*1A=2A (We take 30%) Min Setting = 2.24 Ω R2ph = Zone2 Res.33 Ω RG2 = Zone2 Res.39 I max Line > Phase Current threshold (We take 30%) Min Setting = 1.7125 Biased Negative Sequence Current Threshold I2> 0.68012 0.6667 Ω Rph (Z2) ≤ 80% of Rph Z3= 24.34 Ω R1ph = Zone1 Res.4058 Ω RG (Z2) ≤ 80 % of RG Z3 = 32.Cur.1641 Ω POWER SWING CALCULATIONS PSB Delta R= 10-30% of R3ph 0.4249 Ω FOR GROUND DISTANCE (Res.+ Rarc +Rtf = 6.7125 . Reach Secondary) LEFT BLINDERS FROM QUAD CHARACTERISTICS RG (Z1) >= RGmin = 6.+ Rarc = 0.1 * In + [ ( In> / 100 ) * ( Imax ) ] Imax=Max.072032 1.9596 Ω Rph (Z3) ≤ 60% of Zlmin = 30.+ Rarc = 0.+ Rarc = 0.3086 Ω Rph (Z4) = Rph Z3 = 30. Reach Secondary) LEFT BLINDERS FROM QUAD CHARACTERISTICS Rph (Z1) >= Rph min = 0.08 Ω RG1 = Zone1 Res + Rarc +Rtf = 6.ZONE RESISTIVE REACH ( RIGHT BLINDERS) ARE CALCULATED AS BELOW ZONE RESISTANCE PRIMARY Zone-1 Zone-2 Zone-3 Zone-4 0.+ Rarc = 1.5616 1.5683 Ω RG (Z3) ≤ 80% of Zlmin = 40.41 Ω RG3 = Zone3 Res.31 Ω R3ph = Zone3 Res. Capacity*CTR In > 38.1 * In + [ ( I2> / 100 ) * ( Imax ) ] Imax=Max.+ Rarc +Rtf = 9.

3562 -0.1400 3.7463 Z4 SY 0.3562 -0.4050 0.0806 0.1400 3.+ Rarc +Rtf = 12.9596 Ω R3ph = Zone3 Res.5683 Ω 17.7854 -0.01 PSB Delta R Delta X 0.56009480 Zone 3 z0/z1= 3.7463 Z 3 Sy 0.3223 1.39 .6516 78.56009480 Zone 2 z0/z1= 3.1994 Zone 4 (z0-z1)/3*z1= 0.+ Rarc +Rtf = 9.356223550.7869 Ω 22.9409 78.356223550.Consolidated Settings SUBSTATION NAME OTTIYABAKKAM 400/230/110KV SS FEEDER NAME 230KV KITZ Park 1 # (BAY.6153 3.+ Rarc = 0.9642 4.91 CT/PT RATIO FACTOR 0.84 RG4 = Zone4 Res.356223550.0248 2.+ Rarc = 0.4058 Ω 11.7463 Z 2 Sy 0.6198 1.00 PT RATIO 2090.1400 3.1641 Ω 11.51 Ω Phase Resistive Reach (Secondary) R1ph = Zone1 Res.0645 78.3562 -0.4129 78.8459 4.+ Rarc +Rtf = 6.44 RG2 = Zone2 Res.56009480 Zone 4 z0/z1= 3.+ Rarc = 0.1994 Zone 2 (z0-z1)/3*z1= 0.207) CT RATIO 1200.7854 -0.+ Rarc = 1.0920 3.4249 Ω Ground Resistive Reach (Secondary) RZLV set in the relay (ohms/loop) RG1 = Zone1 Res + Rarc +Rtf = 6.3562 -0.39 0.7463 Total Line Impedence (SY) 0.6667 Ω R2ph = Zone2 Res.7854 -0.356223550.3086 Ω R4ph = Zone4 Res.1400 3.1994 K value in Zone Compensation Factor (Kn) Z THETA R+jX Rectangular Zone 1 z0/z1= 3.1527 78.7463 Zone Compensation Factor (Kn) Z THETA Zone 1 (z0-z1)/3*z1= 0.1994 Zone 3 (z0-z1)/3*z1= 0.5739 Total Distance of Protected # in KM 9 Zone Settings R X Z THETA Z1 Sy 0.7854 -0.4029 2.09 RG3 = Zone3 Res.56009480 Zload Sy = 50.

5) e relay (ohms/loop) K0n=Z0n/Z1nis the zero sequence compensation factor set for zone n in the relay: the module is set dire The ground resistive limiters cross the R-axis with an angle equal to arg(Z1n).5600955 0.5600955 0. K value in Polar 0.0877202 0. .0877202 0.Directional line angle: it is equal to the setting (Quadrilateral Characteristic Directional Line Angle) plu .arg ( IKI)]} Where K = 1/ { 1 + [1/3] * [Kon-1]} RZLV is the ground resistive reach to set in the relay (ohms/loop) RΩ/PH is the ground resistive reach in ohms/phase arg(Z1n) is the angle of positive sequence impedance for zone n (n=1.Reactive line angle: it is equal to arg(k) .5600955 0.0877202 R(zlv)={R(ohms/ph) * sin[pi-arg(Z1n)]} / {[ IKI * sin [ arg (Z1n) ..0877202 0.5600955 0..

1288 12000 10 1.44 .441042 0.4128 4 1.597164 Ohms Line Current Carring Capacity 855 A LINE 855 0.8831 8 1.966 1.8110 2400 2 4.2528 9600 8 1.937465 Ohms 7.61401 Ohms KV^2/Total Imp Fault MVA at end of the line 6198.488 20 0.7125 CT/PT RATIO 0.0117 15559.24 A Relay Plug setting 100% 1200 A 40% 480 12.Sub Station OTTIYABAKKAM 400/230/110KV SS Feeder 230KV KITZ Park 1 # (BAY.534629 Ohms 10.8923 4800 4 2.278 MVA 4983.979 MVA Fault Current 15559.573913 CABLE 855 0.96624 20 Time Required 1 sec 200msec + ZONE 3 TIME TLS 0.38 0.06509 Setting Multiplier 12.016846 Ohms Total Imp 8.4506 10 1.38 TLS 0.1911 5 1.3071 12.6263 6000 5 1.96624 26.207) System Voltage 230 KV Fault MVA 3Ph 10714 MVA Fault MVA 1Ph 7539 MVA CT RATIO 1200 1A PT RATIO 230000 110 V Line Imp IN Primary 3.375592 0.7125 PH-PH E/F KV^2/MVA Source Imp 4.44 Over current Earth Fault Current times time (sec) Actual py ct (A) Current times time (sec) 2 3.9976 Over Current settings Earth Fault settings PLUG SETTING 100% PLUG SETTING 40% TLS 0.49 A 12511.

Note Setting multiplier should be less than or equal to 20 rth Fault Actual py ct (A) 960 1920 2400 3840 4800 9600 .

50 | | |--Reverse Int Reach 0.73 1.1 of Rph (Z3) 1.06 Quad Fwd Out = 1.2 times of Inner Rgt Bld 1.10 1.27 Inner Rgt Bld = Rph (Z3)+ 0.20 Default | | |--PS Detec Time (Seconds) 0.05 Default | | |--PS Cond Reset Time (Seconds) 0.55 0.05 Default .50 | | |--Left Ext Resist Limit = 1.73 Inner Lft Bld = Z3 left Bld + 0. Z3 Left Bld assumed as 1 2.1 of Rph (Z3) 1.1 of Z4 Reach 0.44 | | |--Forward Int Reach 0.2 * Forward Int Reach 6.50 | | |--Reverse Ext Reach = 1.10 Z3 left Bld assumed as 1.75 Z3 Line Angle | | |--Forward Ext Reach = 1.60 | | |--Reverse Med Reach = Z4 Reach + 0.52 1.1 of Z3 left Bld 1.2 * Left Int Resist limit 1.00 | | |--PS Trip Type Slow | | |--Fast Trip Time (Seconds) 0.1 of Z3 Reach 5.2 times of Rev Reach 0.1 of Zone 3 Reach 5.32 1.52 | | |--Forward Med Reach = Z3 Reach + 0.0 | | |--Left Int Resist Limit 0.| | Power Swing Detector in GE D60 Zone reach Resistive reach Fwd Reach = Zone 3 Reach + 0.32 | | |--Left Med Resist Limit = Z3 left Bld + 0.50 | | |--Resist Limit Angle 78.2 * Reverse Int reach 0.44 1.04 | | |--PS Block Reset Time (Seconds) 2.09 Quad Rev Out = 1.45 0.73 | | |--Right Med Resist Limit = Rph (Z3)+ 0.2 times of Fwd Reach 6.1 of Z3 left Bld 1.50 | | |--I1 Supervision 0.1 of Zone 4 Reach 0.2 times of Inner lft Bld 1.44 1.10 Outer Lft Bld = 1.44 Outer Rgt Bld = 1.2 * Rgt Int Resit limit 1.44 | | |--Right Int Resist Limit 0.11 Note 1.1 | | Power Swing Detector in ZLV (CGL RELAYS) | | |--PS Detec Enable YES | | |--PS Trip Enable NO | | |--Right Ext Resist Limit = 1.32 Rev Reach = Zone 4 Reach + 0. All Mid assumed as 0.

0 .Resistive reach ld assumed as 1.

Ottiyambakkam 400/230/110 KV SS 400 KV 16406 7404 230 KV 10714 7539 110 KV 4771 3536 . FAULT LEVEL IN MVA Phase Phase Name of the Substations Fault level Fault level 1.