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Matrices and Determinants class 12 imp questions

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)

CONCEPT MAPPING

1. What is matrix?

* Matrix is a rectangular array of objects.

3 4 6

*[ ] ←Rows

1 0 7

↑ Columns

2. Order of matrix.

* If a matrix has ‘m’ number of rows and ‘n’ number of columns then order of matrix is mxn.

6 9

*[ ] order -2x2 i.e. A square matrix of order 2

4 3

7 1 3

*[ ] order 2x3 i. e. A rectangular matrix of order 2x3.

5 7 9

3. Types of matrices.

* Row matrix--- [1 2 3]

4

* Column matrix ---[5]

6

9 7 2

1 2

* Square matrix of order 2 ---[ ] , of order 3----[1 6 3]

4 3

5 0 6

6 0 0

*Diagonal matrix --[0 8 0] ,in which all the nom diagonal elements of a square matrix are

0 0 7

all zero

7 0 0

*Scalar matrix --[0 7 0]( it is a diagonal matrix whose all diagonal elements are equal)

0 0 7

1 0 0

1 0

*Unit/Identity matrix—I2= [ ], 𝐼3 = [0 1 0]

0 1

0 0 1

0 0 0

0 0

* Null/Zero matrix --[ ] ,[0 0 0]

0 0

0 0 0

4. Equality of matrices.

5. Operation on matrices

(a) Addition/subtraction of matrices.

* Same order matrices can be added as well as subtracted.

* Addition as well as subtraction of matrices are binary operations.

(b) Multiplication of matrices.

***Two matrices are compatible for multiplication if number of columns of first matrix is equal to
**

the number of rows of second matrix.

1 2 5 7 4

*𝐴 = [ ] ,𝐵 = [ ] , AB exists but BA does not exist.

3 4 2 5 2

* Multiplication of matrices is also binary operation under certain conditions.

6.. Transpose of matrix.

* By interchanging rows to columns or vice versa transpose of matrix is obtained.

2 1

2 5 8 T

*𝐴 = [ ] , A =[5 7]

1 7 0

8 0

7. Symmetric and skew symmetric matrices.

(a) Symmetric matrix if A=AT,(where A is a square matrix)

(b) Skew symmetric matrix if AT= -AT

**(c) Every square matrix can be expressed as the sum of a symmetric and skew symmetric
**

matrices.

1 1

i.e. 𝐴 = 2 (𝐴 + 𝐴𝑇 ) +2 (𝐴 − 𝐴𝑇 )

=(Symmetric matrix)+ (Skew symmetric matrix)

8. Elementary transformations for finding inverse of a matrix.

the equimultiples of corresponding elements of other row (or column) are added. Minors and co factors of the elements of a determinant. 12. 9. * The value of the determinant remains unchanged if its rows and columns are interchanged. Adjoint and inverse of a matrix. * Use of appropriate property to evaluate the determinant easily.to each element of any row or column of a determinant .where Aij is co factor and Mij is minor. 𝑎 𝑏 i.| |=ad-bc 𝑐 𝑑 10. *If . then value of determinant remains the same. * If each element of a row (or a column) of a determinant is multiplied by a constant ‘k’ then its value gets multiplied by’ k’ *If some or all elements of a row or column of a determinant are expressed as sum of two (or more) terms. Evaluation of a determinant. . then the determinant can be expressed as sum of two (or more) determinants. *If any two rows(or columns) of a determinant are interchanged the sign of determinant changes. Properties of determinants.(a) Elementary row transformations A=IA (b )Elementary column transformations A=AI Note: Elementary row transformations and Elementary column transformations should not be used simultaneously to find the inverse of a matrix. * Aij=(-1)i+jMij . * If any two rows (or columns) of a determinant are identical(all corresponding elements are same) then value of determinant is zero. 13.e. 11.What is determinant? *Every square matrix can be associated with a unique number that is called its determinant. * The sum of the products of elements and its corresponding co factors of a row or column.

X=[𝑦].y.To form linear equations from given word problems and their solution using matrix method. QUESTION BANK OPERATION ON MATRICES AND TRANSPOSE OF MATRIX LEVEL-1(1 marks) 1 2 3 −1 2 4 1. If [ ]=[ ] . 1 4 5 3 −2 6 𝑎+𝑏 2 6 2 2. X=A-1B 16.where Aij is a co factor of aij.a and b if [ ]= [ ] 1 𝑥 + 4𝑦 3𝑎 + 4𝑏 1 6 29 . 3x+2y-5z=10 2x+7y-4z =20 8x+6y-5z=25 3 2 −5 𝑥 10 A =[2 7 −4].Find the value of a and b. if A=[ ] and B=[ ] .Find the value of 2A-B. B=[20] 8 6 −5 𝑧 25 AX=B. Conditions for a system of linear equations to be consistent/inconsistent * A system of linear equations is called consistent if it has at least one solution. 𝐴 𝐴12 𝑇 𝐴11 𝐴21 *adjA=[ 11 ] =[ ] . 𝐴21 𝐴22 𝐴12 𝐴22 * A(adj A)=I |A|=(adjA)A ∗ 𝐴 (𝑎𝑑𝑗𝐴) (𝑎𝑑𝑗)𝐴 =I= |𝐴| |𝐴| 𝑎𝑑𝑗𝐴 *A-1= |𝐴| 14. find x. i) |A|≠ 0 (System has unique solution) ii) |A|=0≠ (𝑎𝑑𝑗 𝐴 )B (System has no solution) iii) |A|=0=(adj A)B ( System has infinitely many solutions) 15. Solving a system of linear equations using matrix method. 5 𝑎𝑏 5 8 2𝑥 − 3𝑦 𝑎−𝑏 3 1 −2 3 3.

if 𝐴 = [1 1 1] . for all positive integers m. verify that (𝐴𝐵)𝑇 = 𝐵𝑇 𝐴𝑇 . if A=[ ]= .verify that(𝐴𝐵)𝑇 = 𝐵𝑇 𝐴𝑇 3 LEVEL-2(4 marks) 3 2 0 1.Find the number x and y such that 𝐴2 + 𝑥𝐴 + 𝑦𝐼 = 0. Find x. show that 𝐴2 − 7𝐴 + 10𝐼 = 0 0 0 5 1 2 3 2. if A=[3 −2 1]. B= [1 2 0].For A=[ ]. 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 3𝑛−1 3𝑛−1 3𝑛−1 𝑛 5. 𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑛 𝑠ℎ𝑜𝑤 𝑡ℎ𝑎𝑡 𝐴 = [3𝑛−1 3𝑛−1 3𝑛−1 ].w if 𝑥 6 4 𝑥+𝑦 𝑥 𝑦 [ ]+[ ] = 3[ ] −1 2𝑤 𝑧 + 𝑤 3 𝑧 𝑤 3 4 1 𝑦 7 0 7. 1 1 1 3𝑛−1 3𝑛−1 3𝑛−1 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝜃 𝑠𝑖𝑛 𝜃 6.if A=[ 2 ]and B=[−2 −1 −4] . if A= [1 4 0] . Find x. Find X and Y if X+y=[ ]. find x and y if [𝑥 − 𝑦]= [ ] 4 𝑥−1 𝑦+2 1 2 5. 5 𝑥 0 1 10 5 7 0 3 0 8.Find matix B such that 2 5 17 −1 [ ]B=[ ] −3 7 47 −13 −1 11. X-Y=[ ] 0 9 0 −1 10. for all positive integers n. Where A=[ ] 4 3 1 𝑎 1 𝑚𝑎 4. Find X and Y if X+Y=[ ] and X-Y=[ ] 2 5 0 3 5 2 3 6 9.B=[ ]. 2 3 4 4 0 5 7. if A=[ 5 7 9].y and z if A=B 2 𝑧+1 2 4 6.If A=[ ] . if 2[ ]+[ ]=[ ] .y. −2 1 1 0 3 1 .find x and y.z. show that 𝐴𝑚 = [ ] . then show that 𝐴3 − 23𝐴 − 40𝐼 = 0 4 2 1 1 5 3. 𝑥+𝑦 8 4. thenprove by principle of mathematical induction that 𝐴𝑛 = −𝑠𝑖𝑛𝜃 𝑐𝑜𝑠 𝜃 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑛𝜃 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑛𝜃 [ ] for −𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑛𝜃 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑛𝜃 all 𝑛 ∈ 𝑁.

verify (𝐴 + 𝐵)𝐶 = 𝐴𝐶 + 𝐵𝐶 . Find the inverse of the following matrix by using elementary column transformation Level 1 2 3 1 3 1 −1 3 −1 −10 −2 (i)[ ] (ii) [ ] (iii) [ ] (iv) [ ] (v) [ ] 1 2 2 7 2 3 −4 2 −5 1 . Level 1 7 1 3 1 2 3 5 2 1 6 (i) [ ] (ii) [ ] (iii) [ ] (iv) [ ] (v) [ ] 4 −3 2 7 5 7 2 1 −3 5 Level 2 2 0 −1 2 3 1 1 1 2 1 3 −2 (i) [5 1 0 ] (ii) [2 4 1] (iii)[3 1 1] (iv) [−3 0 1 ] 0 1 3 3 7 2 2 3 1 2 1 0 2 −1 3 (v) [1 2 4] 3 1 1 Level 3 3 −1 −2 1 3 −2 1 2 −2 (i) [2 0 −1] (ii) [−3 0 −1] (iii) [−1 3 0] 3 −5 0 2 1 0 0 −2 1 2 −1 4 −1 1 2 (iv) [4 0 2] (v) [ 1 2 3] 3 −2 7 3 1 1 2. Find the inverse of the following matrix by using elementary row operation.if A=[−6 0 8] . Express [−6 8 3] as a sum of symmetric and skew –symmetric matrices. 4 2 −1 8.find the matrix X so that 𝑋 [ ]=[ ] 4 5 6 2 4 6 ELEMENTARY ROW AND COLUMN OPERATIONS ON A MATRIX 1. −4 6 5 0 6 7 0 1 1 2 10. 1 −2 1 1 3 5 9. Express the matrix A=[3 5 7 ] as the sum of a symmetric and skew –symmetric matrix. C=[−2]. 7 −8 0 1 2 0 3 1 2 3 −7 −8 −9 11. B=[1 0 2] .

[ ] is singular? 2 4 5. find |3A| 6. If A is a square matri𝑥 of order 3 such that |adj A| = 64. If A is a square matrix of order 3 such that |𝑎𝑑𝑗 𝐴| = 64 . the matri𝑥 :.then find the | 𝐴 | 1 2 3.If A = [ ] then find the |2 𝐴 | 4 2 5−𝑥 𝑥+1 4.If A is a square matrix of order 3 and |3 𝐴| = 𝐾|𝐴|. Without expanding evaluate the determinant: |79 7 9| 29 5 3 2.Level 2 −1 1 2 1 2 0 0 1 2 (i) [ 1 2 3] (ii) [2 3 −1] (iii) [1 2 3] 3 1 1 1 −1 3 3 1 1 3 −3 4 1 2 −2 (iv) [2 −3 4] (v) [−1 3 0] 0 −1 1 0 −2 1 Level 3 1 3 −2 3 0 −1 1 2 3 (i) [−3 0 −5] (ii) [2 3 0 ] (iii) [ 2 5 7] 2 5 0 0 4 1 −2 −4 −1 3 −1 −2 1 1 2 (iv) [2 0 −1] (v) [3 1 1] 3 −5 0 2 3 1 DETERMINANTS AND ITS PROPERTIES Level 1 (one mark) 41 1 5 1. For what value of 𝑥.Evaluate : | √6 √5 | √20 √24 7.Write the value of the determinant : |𝑐𝑜𝑠150 𝑠𝑖𝑛150 | 𝑠𝑖𝑛75 𝑐𝑜𝑠750 . then write the value of K 0 8.

and c are positive and unequal. b. 1 2 9.If a. Prove that | 𝑏 𝑐+𝑎 𝑏 | = 4𝑎𝑏𝑐 𝑐 𝑐 𝑎+𝑏 𝑎 𝑎+𝑏 𝑎 + 2𝑏 7.Using properties of the determinants: evaluate | z 𝑥 𝑦 | 1 1 1 3. solve for 𝑥. Show that |1 𝑏 𝑏 2 |=|1 𝑏 𝑐𝑎 | 1 𝑐 𝑐2 1 𝑐 𝑎𝑏 .Find the value of 𝑥.If a + b +c ≠ 0.If X= -4 is a root of |1 𝑥 1| = 0 then find other two roots.a = b = c 𝑐 𝑎 𝑏 𝑥+𝑦 𝑦+𝑧 𝑧+𝑥 2. If A=[ ]. then find the value of |2A| 4 2 2 4 2𝑥 4 10.Without expanding the determinant. 𝑎+𝑥 𝑎−𝑥 𝑎−𝑥 |𝑎 − 𝑥 𝑎+𝑥 𝑎 − 𝑥| = 0 𝑎−𝑥 𝑎−𝑥 𝑎+𝑥 1 𝑎 𝑎 𝑏𝑐 5. show that the value of the determinant 𝑎 𝑏 𝑐 | 𝑏 𝑐 𝑎 | is negative. evaluate: |1 𝑏 𝑐𝑎 || |𝑏 1 𝑐 𝑎𝑏 𝑐 𝑏+𝑐 𝑎 𝑎 6. 𝑐 𝑎 𝑏 4. 𝑖𝑓 | |= | | 5 1 6 𝑥 Level 2 (four marks) 𝑎 𝑏 𝑐 1. Using properties of determinants. then show that. and |𝑏 𝑐 𝑎| = 0 . 3 2 𝑥 1 𝑎 𝑎2 1 𝑎 𝑏𝑐 9. Prove that | 𝑎 + 2𝑏 𝑎 𝑎 + 𝑏 | = 9𝑏 2 (𝑎 + 𝑏) 𝑎+𝑏 𝑎 + 2𝑏 𝑎 𝑥 2 3 8.

. prove that 1 + 𝑎2 − 𝑏 2 2𝑎𝑏 −2𝑏 | 2𝑎𝑏 1 − 𝑎2 + 𝑏 2 2𝑎 | = (1 + 𝑎2 + 𝑏 2 )3 2𝑏 −2𝑎 1 − 𝑎2 − 𝑏 2 2. Solve for x: | 11 17 14 | = 0 10 16 14 (𝑎2 + 𝑏 2 )/𝑐 𝑐 𝑐 4.Using the properties of determinants . Prove that: |cos(𝛼 − 𝛽) 1 cos(𝛾 − 𝛽)| = 0 cos(𝛼 − 𝛾) cos(𝛽 − 𝛾) 1 1 1 1 7.If a+b+c=0 and |𝑏 𝑐 𝑎| = 0 then prove that a=b=c 𝑐 𝑎 𝑏 Level 3 (six marks) 1.if| 1 + sin 𝐴 1 + sin 𝐵 1 + sin 𝐶 | = 0 then prove that ∆ABC is an sin 𝐴 + sin2 𝐴 sin 𝐵 + sin2 𝐵 sin 𝐶 + sin2 𝐶 isosceles triangle.Prove that |(𝑎 + 1)2 (𝑏 + 1)2 2 (𝑐 + 1) | = 4 | 𝑎 𝑏 𝑐| (𝑎 − 1)2 (𝑏 − 1)2 (𝑐 − 1)2 1 1 1 1 cos(𝛽 − 𝛼) cos(𝛾 − 𝛼) 6. prove that: 𝑥 𝑥2 1 + 𝑝𝑥 3 |𝑦 𝑦2 1 + 𝑝𝑦 3 | = (1 + 𝑝𝑥𝑦𝑧)(𝑥 − 𝑦)(𝑦 − 𝑧)(𝑧 − 𝑥) 𝑧 𝑧2 1 + 𝑝𝑧 3 15 − 2𝑥 11 − 3𝑥 7−𝑥 3. 𝑎 𝑏 𝑐 10.In a triangle ABC. Using properties of determinants. Solve for x: | 𝑎 (𝑏 2 + 𝑐 2 )/𝑎 𝑎 | = 4𝑎𝑏𝑐 2 2 𝑏 𝑏 (𝑐 + 𝑎 )/𝑏 𝑎2 𝑏2 𝑐2 𝑎2 𝑏2 𝑐2 5.

Find the minors of (1. 𝑝 𝑏 𝑐 9.Find the value of x. Find the minor of (2.Prove that |1 𝑏 2 + 𝑐𝑎 𝑏 3 | = −(𝑎 − 𝑏)(𝑏 − 𝑐)(𝑐 − 𝑎)(𝑎2 + 𝑏 2 + 𝑐 2 ) 1 𝑐 2 + 𝑎𝑏 𝑐3 ADJOINT AND INVERSE OF MATRIX LEVEL-1 2 −3 5 1. find |𝐴| 9. For what value of x the given matrix[ ] is singular ? 2 4 𝑠𝑖𝑛30° 𝑐𝑜𝑠30° 7.In a triangle ABC.2)th entry in the given matrix [ ] 2 3 1 2 3 3. If A is a square matrix of order 3 such that |𝑎𝑑𝑗 𝐴| = 25. find A. Evaluate | | −𝑠𝑖𝑛60° 𝑐𝑜𝑠60° 8. If A is a square matrix of order 3 and |𝐴| = 5 find A(adjA). if | |=0 5𝑥 + 2 9 3 − 2𝑥 𝑥+1 6. if | |=3 𝑥+5 4 2𝑥 + 5 3 5.2)th entry in the given matrix [6 0 4] 1 5 −7 4 1 2.(Adj A) 1 −4 1 3 2. 1 1 1 8. If A=[ ]. LEVEL-2(4-MARKS) −3 −2 1. Find x . if A= [ ].3)th entry in the following : [2 3 0] 1 5 4 𝑥+2 3 4. find |𝑎𝑑𝑗 𝐴| −1 4 .If |𝑎 𝑞 𝑐 | = 0 then find the value of p/(p-a) + q/(q-b) + r/(r-c) 𝑎 𝑏 𝑟 1 𝑎2 + 𝑏𝑐 𝑎3 10.Find the cofactor of (1.if| 1 + cos 𝐴 1 + cos 𝐵 1 + cos 𝐶 | = 0 then prove that ∆ABC is cos 𝐴 + cos 2 𝐴 cos 𝐵 + cos 2 𝐵 cos 𝐶 + cos 2 𝐶 an isosceles triangle.

then 𝑎𝑑𝑗(𝐴𝐵) = (𝑎𝑑𝑗𝐴)(𝑎𝑑𝑗𝐵) 0 3 −3 0 3 −1 10.Given A=[ ]. If A= [ 3 4 0]. −2 0 0 3. Find the adjoint of the matrix [ ] 3 −5 𝑎 −𝑏 7. Given that A=[ ] and A(adjA)= k[ ].Find the inverse of the matrix A=[ 1+𝑏𝑐 ] and show that: aA-1=(a2+bc+1)I-aI. 1 𝑥 𝑦𝑧 17. find |𝑎𝑑𝑗 𝐴| 10 −7 3 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥 1 0 4.then find the values of a and b. find adjA. compute 𝐴−1 and show that 2𝐴−1 = 9𝐼 − 𝐴 −4 7 4 5 12.Find the inverse of the matrix A= [ ].If A=[ ]. If A=[ ] and B=[ ] .If A=[0 𝑦 0]. 2 −3 5 16. find the value of k.Find the condition that the matrix [ ] 𝑐 𝑑 May be invertible .x≠ 1.Find the co factors of the elements of the third row of the determinant|6 0 4 | and verify that 1 5 −7 A31 a11+A32a12+A33a13=0.For the matrix A=[ ]. If [ ][ ] =[ ]. show that A-3I= 2(I+3A-1) 2 1 2 𝑥 13. 0 0 𝑧 1 −2 6. 𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑥 1 −𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑥 1 𝑏 𝑎 .Using cofactors of elements of third column evaluate the determinant|1 𝑦 𝑧𝑥 |.If A=[ ]. verify that adj A’= (𝐴𝑑𝑗𝐴)′ −3 −1 1 −1 2 4 9.If the condition is satisfied find the inverse of the matrix.Also verify that 𝐴−1 𝐴 = 𝐼2 = 𝐴−1 𝐴 2 6 2 −3 11. −𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥 0 1 𝑥 0 0 5.calculate (i) A2 (ii) (A2)-1 4 2 𝑎 𝑏 14. 1 𝑧 𝑥𝑦 1 −𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑥 1 𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑥 −1 𝑎 −𝑏 18. Find the inverse of the matrix [ ] 𝑐 −𝑑 5 2 8. 𝑐 𝑎 𝑎 𝑏 !5.

If 𝐴−1 = [−15 6 −5] and B=[−1 3 0 ]. find A(adjA) without calculating adjA.Find the adjoint of the matrix A=[ 2 3 5]. Find the adjoint of the matrix A=[ ]. 1 2 1 LEVEL-3(6-MARKS) 1 −1 1 0 1 2 2 2 2 1.also verify that A(adjA)= |𝐴|𝐼3 =(adjA)A −2 0 1 2 1 3 3. 5 −3 1 3 𝑎 1 2 2 2 1 −1 2 2. 𝐵−1 = [1 4 3].then find the values of a and b. 1 −8 4 1 −1 1 7.If A=[1 4 3]. Given A=[2 3 2].compute (𝐴𝐵)−1 1 2 1 1 3 4 −8 1 4 1 6.then verify that𝐴(𝑎𝑑𝑗𝐴) = |𝐴|𝐼. Hence find 𝐴−1 2 2 1 . verify that (i) (𝑎𝑑𝑗𝐴)−1 = 𝑎𝑑𝑗(𝐴−1 ) 1 1 5 (ii) (𝐴−1 )−1 = 𝐴 1 2 2 10. If A=[2 1 2]. If A=[−2 3 1]. 1 2 19. If A=[2 −1 0]. Hence find 𝐴−1 . also verify that 𝐴−1 𝐴 = 𝐼3 −7 2 1 1 3 4 4. 1 3 4 5 0 4 1 3 3 5. also verify that 𝐴(𝑎𝑑𝑗𝐴) = |𝐴|𝐼2 = (𝑎𝑑𝑗𝐴)𝐴 3 4 3 1 2 20.prove that 𝐴−1 = 𝐴2 1 0 0 3 −1 1 1 2 −2 8. Find the inverse of the matrix A=[ 4 −1 0].prove that 𝐴−1 = 𝐴𝑇 .If A= [ 4 9 4 7]. If A= [2 −3 −1].If A=[1 2 3] and 𝐴−1 = [−4 3 𝑏]. find (𝐴𝐵)−1 5 −2 2 0 −2 1 1 −2 1 9. prove that 𝐴2 − 4𝐴 − 5𝐼 = 0.

2)th entry in the given matrix [ ] 2 3 1 2 3 3. If A=[ ].Find the value of x.If A=[0 𝑦 0]. if | |=3 𝑥+5 4 2𝑥 + 5 3 5.3)th entry in the following : [2 3 0] 1 5 4 𝑥+2 3 4.2)th entry in the given matrix [6 0 4] 1 5 −7 4 1 2. find adjA. Evaluate | | −𝑠𝑖𝑛60° 𝑐𝑜𝑠60° 8. −𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥 0 1 𝑥 0 0 5.Find the minors of (1. If A= [ 3 4 0]. If A is a square matrix of order 3 such that |𝑎𝑑𝑗 𝐴| = 25. If A is a square matrix of order 3 and |𝐴| = 5 find A(adjA). find A. ADJOINT AND INVERSE OF MATRIX LEVEL-1 2 −3 5 1. Find the inverse of the matrix [ ] 𝑐 −𝑑 . For what value of x the given matrix[ ] is singular ? 2 4 𝑠𝑖𝑛30° 𝑐𝑜𝑠30° 7. if | |=0 5𝑥 + 2 9 3 − 2𝑥 𝑥+1 6. if A= [ ]. find |𝐴| 9. 0 0 𝑧 1 −2 6. find |𝑎𝑑𝑗 𝐴| 10 −7 3 𝑐𝑜𝑠𝑥 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑥 1 0 4. find |𝑎𝑑𝑗 𝐴| −1 4 −2 0 0 3. Find the adjoint of the matrix [ ] 3 −5 𝑎 −𝑏 7. Given that A=[ ] and A(adjA)= k[ ]. find the value of k.Find the cofactor of (1. Find the minor of (2. LEVEL-2(4-MARKS) −3 −2 1. Find x .(Adj A) 1 −4 1 3 2.

compute 𝐴−1 and show that 2𝐴−1 = 9𝐼 − 𝐴 −4 7 4 5 12.If A=[ ].If A=[ ]. If A= [2 −3 −1]. verify that adj A’= (𝐴𝑑𝑗𝐴)′ −3 −1 1 −1 2 4 9. 1 𝑧 𝑥𝑦 1 −𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑥 1 𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑥 −1 𝑎 −𝑏 18.If the condition is satisfied find the inverse of the matrix. 5 2 8. 1 𝑥 𝑦𝑧 17. 𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑥 1 −𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑥 1 𝑏 𝑎 1 2 19.Also verify that 𝐴−1 𝐴 = 𝐼2 = 𝐴−1 𝐴 2 6 2 −3 11. If A=[ ] and B=[ ] .Find the condition that the matrix [ ] 𝑐 𝑑 May be invertible .then find the values of a and b.For the matrix A=[ ].Given A=[ ].Find the co factors of the elements of the third row of the determinant|6 0 4 | and verify that 1 5 −7 A31 a11+A32a12+A33a13=0.x≠ 1. 1 2 1 LEVEL-3(6-MARKS) 1 −1 1 0 1 2 2 2 2 1. show that A-3I= 2(I+3A-1) 2 1 2 𝑥 13. 𝑐 𝑎 𝑎 𝑏 !5. If [ ][ ] =[ ]. find A(adjA) without calculating adjA.Find the inverse of the matrix A= [ ]. also verify that 𝐴(𝑎𝑑𝑗𝐴) = |𝐴|𝐼2 = (𝑎𝑑𝑗𝐴)𝐴 3 4 3 1 2 20.If A=[1 2 3] and 𝐴−1 = [−4 3 𝑏].then 𝑎𝑑𝑗(𝐴𝐵) = (𝑎𝑑𝑗𝐴)(𝑎𝑑𝑗𝐵) 0 3 −3 0 3 −1 10. 5 −3 1 3 𝑎 1 2 2 2 . Find the adjoint of the matrix A=[ ].Find the inverse of the matrix A=[ 1+𝑏𝑐 ] and show that: aA-1=(a2+bc+1)I-aI. 2 −3 5 16.Using cofactors of elements of third column evaluate the determinant|1 𝑦 𝑧𝑥 |.calculate (i) A2 (ii) (A2)-1 4 2 𝑎 𝑏 14.then find the values of a and b.

Find the adjoint of the matrix A=[ 2 3 5]. x+2y-3z=0 4. Given A=[2 3 2]. If A=[−2 3 1]. 2x+y-z=1. find (𝐴𝐵)−1 5 −2 2 0 −2 1 1 −2 1 9. 2x-y+z=-1.also verify that A(adjA)= |𝐴|𝐼3 =(adjA)A −2 0 1 2 1 3 3.then verify that𝐴(𝑎𝑑𝑗𝐴) = |𝐴|𝐼. 3x-2y+3z=8. prove that 𝐴2 − 4𝐴 − 5𝐼 = 0. If A=[2 −1 0]. Hence find 𝐴−1 .prove that 𝐴−1 = 𝐴𝑇 . verify that (i) (𝑎𝑑𝑗𝐴)−1 = 𝑎𝑑𝑗(𝐴−1 ) 1 1 5 (ii) (𝐴−1 )−1 = 𝐴 1 2 2 10.If 𝐴−1 = [−15 6 −5] and B=[−1 3 0 ]. X+y-5z=26.If A=9 [ 4 4 7].prove that 𝐴−1 = 𝐴2 1 0 0 3 −1 1 1 2 −2 8. x+y-z=3 5. Hence find 𝐴−1 2 2 1 SOLVING SYSTEM OF LINEAR EQUATIONS USING MATRIX METHOD BASIC LEVEL QUESTIONS – 6 MARKS Solve the system of equations using matrix method 1. 2x+y-3z=-9 3.If A=[1 4 3]. 2x-y+3z=4. 3x+y-z=7. 1 −8 4 1 −1 1 7. 1 3 4 5 0 4 1 3 3 5. 4x-3y+2z=4 2. 3x+4y+7z=14. 𝐵−1 = [1 4 3]. If A=[2 1 2]. also verify that 𝐴−1 𝐴 = 𝐼3 −7 2 1 1 3 4 4. X+y+z=3. Find the inverse of the matrix A=[ 4 −1 0]. x+2y+z=-4. 1 −1 2 2. 2x-y-z=7. x+3y+6z=-29 .compute (𝐴𝐵)−1 1 2 1 1 3 4 −8 1 4 1 6.

There are three families. X+2y+z=7. x+3z=11. 5.20. Solve the system of equations:𝑥 + 𝑦 + 𝑧 = 4 . x+2z=7. 2x-3y=1 10. X+2y-3z=-4.The cost of 6 chocolates . 2 female members and 5 children. If a A= [3 2 −4] find A-1. The cost of 4 chocolates . 4.6. handmade bags (prepared by persons) and newspapers envelopes as carry bags.solve the system of equation x+2y+z. 3x+y+z=12 8.If we multiply third number by 3 and add second number to it .(40. Male member earns Rs 500 per day and spends Rs 300 per day. What do you think is the healthiest diet? Suggest an item that could replace samosa to make the diet healthier. first family consists of 2 male members.4 samosas and 6 apples is Rs.x+3y+2z=10. X+y+z=6.(30. 70. Find the money each family saves per day using matrices. 3x-3y-4z=11 9. Child member spends Rs 40 per day.40. The sum of three numbers is 6.Find the cost of each item by matrix method.By adding first and third numbers we get double of the second number. Using matrix method . Represent it algebraically and find the numbers using matrix method. What is the necessity of saving in the family? 7.C spent Rs 250.2 samosas and 3 apples is Rs. Which way of eating food you prefer and why? 6.3 female members and 2 children. x+y-2z=-3 7. B. Second family consists of 3 male members.B .we get 11. 2x+3y+2z=2..2x-3y+5z=11.handmade bags and newspapers envelopes respectively.The cost of 2 chocolates . x+3y+2z=1. Find the cost of each carry bags using matrices. It is found that the shopkeepers A. 2x-y+3z=13. 2x-3y+5z=11.30.𝑥 − 𝑦 + 𝑧 = 1 .3 samosas and 2 apples is Rs 60. Female member earns earns Rs 400 per day and spends Rs 250 per day. 3x-4y-z=8 AVERAGE LEVEL QUESTIONS – 6 MARKS 2 −3 5 1.20) . y represents the number of persons who take junk food in market and z represent the number of persons who take food at hotel. which shopkeeper is better and why? . Third family consists of 2 male members.C are using(20.90.40) .x-y+z=4. 𝑥 +𝑦− 𝑧 =2 3. Keeping in mind the social and environmental conditions. The shopkeepers A. B and C are using polythene.If x represents the number of persons who take food at home.30) polythene .Rs 220 and Rs 200 on these carry bags respectively. 1 1 −2 3x+2y-4z=-5 and x+ y – 2z =-3 2 3 10 4 6 5 6 9 20 2. 3x+2y-4z=-5.4 female members and 3 children. Three shopkeepers A. Using A-1 solve the system of equations :.

5000 is put into three investments at the rate of interest of 6%.1000. the amount paid by them are respectively Rs. A purchased 2kg apples.1000. Find the costs per contact using matrix method keeping in mind the economic condition of the country. -x+y+z=0.B and C are (500. Three times the award money for hard work with a total cash award of Rs.Use this to solve the following 0 1 2 2 −1 5 system of equations. 4300 in cities A. If the combined income from the first two investments is Rs.regularity and hardwork with a total cash award of Rs.12 in hard work and 6 in unfair means.10000) and (2000.000per day then find income of each type of person by matrix method.6000. 5. 10.12 in hard work 5 in unfair means.z. The total annual income is Rs. Why we take fruits in our diet. 9. The party paid Rs.410and Rs. If A= [2 1 −3] find A-1 and hence solve the system of equations x+2y+z=4.000. Ina legislative assembly election .1. In your view which type of person is better for society and for nation.440.Three times the award money for hardwork added to that given for honesty amounts to Rs. Represent the above situation algebraically and find the award for each . A school wants to award its students for the values of honesty.18.4000) respectively.x-y=3. In a survey of 25 richest person of three localities x. house calls and letters. Find the cost of 1 kg of each fruit using matrix multiplication. 3 kg grapes and 2kg oranges. If the income of 25 richest persons of locality x. −4 4 4 1 −1 1 2. y .0001.70 more than the income from the third. a political party hired a public relation firm to promote its candidate in three ways.3700 .18.B and C respectively. 4 in unfair means and in Z. x- 1 1 1 3y+z =2. Given that A=[2 3 4] and B=[−4 2 −4] find AB.1.6000. 4.Rs 7200 and Rs.(3000. Given that A=[−7 1 3 ] and B= [1 −2 −2] Find AB. C purchased 4 kg apples.Rs.1 kg grapes and 3 kg of oranges. y and z are respectively Rs.Rs. It is found that in locality A 7 believes in honesty.2 kg grapes and 1kg oranges.y+2z+7.19. An amount of Rs.B and C visited the reliance fresh to purchase fruits.7% and 8% per annum respectively.358.11000.5000) . B purchased 3kg apples. telephone. ABOVE AVERAGE LEVEL QUESTIONS – 6 MARKS 1 −1 0 2 2 −4 1. Use this to solve the following 5 −3 −1 2 1 3 system of equations. Find the the amount of each investment by matrix method. Three friends A. 8. 8 believes in honesty . 1 −1 1 3. While in Y 10 believes in honesty 11 in hard work .620.2x+3y+4z=17. The numbers of contacts of each type in three cities A.1500.The award money given for honesty and hard work together is double the one given for regularity.

Total number of such people is 21. Use the product [0 2 −3] [ 9 2 −3]to solve the system of equations x-y+2z=1. Two schools A & B want to award their selected teachers on the values of honesty . If we multiply the number of category III by 2 and added to the number of category I to the result .2and 1 teachers with a total award money of Rs.500 per month and gym cost Rs.700 Crores . 1 −1 2 −2 0 1 10.57. 30% and 40% people are suffering from any disease who believe in morning walk. What is importance of saving girl child from the cruel parents who don’t want girl child and get the abortion before her birth.1. further 20%. If morning walk costs Rs. Form the matrix equation and solve it. we get 7.28 lakhs. 8. hardwork and regularity. School B wants to spend Rs.regularity and hard work suggest one more value which the school must include for awards.600 crores is spend by the government in three schemes. Yoga and Gym respectively. (1) Formulate a matrix problem . (3) Why exercise is important for health. A School wants to reward the students participating in co-curricular activities (category I) and with 100% attendance (category II) brave students (category III) in a function.0. If the total amount of award for one prize on each value is Rs. (2) Calculate the number of each type of people.y each and Rs.23.The sum of the numbers of all the three category student is 6. Y people believe in Yoga and Z people join Gym.2y- 3 −2 4 6 1 −2 3z=1 and 3x-2y+4z=2. Total number of people is 70. 1 and 3 teachers on the respective values (by giving the same award money for the three values as before).000. Z each for three respective values to 3. 9. x each.000 using matrices find the award money for each value.1. Rs.And three times the amount spent on scheme A together with amount spent on scheme B and scheme C is Rs. Find the amount spent on each scheme using matrices. 7. . Scheme B is for saving of newly wed girls from death due to dowry. Scheme C is planning for good health for senior citizen. 6.54 lakhs lakhs to award its 4. Now twice the amount spent on scheme C together with amount spent on scheme A is Rs.400 per month and total expenditure is Rs. Yoga costs Rs. value using matrix method . Scheme A is for saving girl child from the cruel parents who don’t want girl child and get the abortion before her birth. Apart from these values namely honesty .1200 Crores. For keeping fit X people believes in morning walk. By adding II and III category would to three times the first category we get 12. An amount of Rs. The school A wants to award Rs.

2. 3. . while in the case of finding inverse using Elementary Column Transformations one should use A=AI. For finding the inverse of a matrix using elementary transformations In the case of Elementary Row Transformations one should start with A=IA. While solving the questions based on equality of determinants students equate the corresponding elements whereas the question must be solved by equating the values of determinants. 1-Mistakes of signs in calculating the cofactors For example- Evaluate 𝟏 𝟐 𝟑 𝟓 𝟔 𝟒 𝟔 𝟒 𝟓 𝟒 𝟓 𝟔 = 1| | + 2| | + 3| | 𝟖 𝟗 𝟕 𝟗 𝟕 𝟖 𝟕 𝟖 𝟗 Rectification- Minors and cofactors should be explained properly before expansion of determinants 2-Mistake students generaly using expansion method in place of using properties of determinants. Rectification – practice should be done so that students can apply the properties of determinants.Although the answer comes out to be correct but the in between steps are not equivalent. the students make mistake in it.Mistake Students write the operation but the same is not implemented during solving the problem.THE COMMON MISTAKES COMMITTED BY THE STUDENTS IN MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS: 1.

Mistake Mistakes found in breaking the determinants.Mistake Mistakes found in finding the common in determinants.difference between Row and Column operation should be explained clearly and more practice is required. For example- 𝒂+𝟏 𝒃+𝟏 𝒄+𝟏 𝒂 𝒃 𝒄 𝟏 𝟐 𝟑 𝒂+𝟐 𝒃+𝟐 𝒄+𝟐 = 𝒂 𝒃 𝒄 + 𝟏 𝟐 𝟑 𝒂+𝟑 𝒃+𝟑 𝒄+𝟑 𝒂 𝒃 𝒄 𝟏 𝟐 𝟑 .Evaluate 𝟏 𝒘 𝒘𝟐 𝒘 𝒘𝟐 𝟏 = 0 where w is the cube root of unity 𝒘𝟐 𝟏 𝒘 Applying R1 -> R1+R2+R3 𝟏 + 𝒘 + 𝒘𝟐 𝒘 𝒘𝟐 𝟏 + 𝒘 + 𝒘𝟐 𝒘𝟐 𝟏 𝟏 + 𝒘 + 𝒘𝟐 𝟏 𝒘 Rectification . For example- 𝟐 𝟒 𝟔 𝟏 𝟒 𝟔 𝟓 𝟐 𝟕 = 2 𝟓 𝟏 𝟕 𝟖 𝟏 𝟐 𝟖 𝟏 𝟏 Rectification – Common should be taken either from row or column . 4. it should not be taken from the diagonal elements. 5.

*If the elements of a particular row or column are not all unity try to make them unity if possible by applying proper property .e.a13=0 in case of Elementary Column Trasformations. then a21=0 . *For finding inverse of a matrix using Elementary Operations the operations allowed are CIM (C= Clubbing i.a31=0 in case of Elementary Row Transformations. * In the particular problems regarding proving the determinant equal to the given algebraic expression by using Properties of Determinant before expansion two entries of any row or column must be zero. *First try to make a11=1.𝑅1 ↔ 𝑅2 and 1 M=Multiplying i. I= Interchanging i.e.e.While finding the inverse of a square matrix of order 3 the course of action should be like : *First try make a11 =1.then a12=0. 1) then apply 𝐶2 → 𝐶2 -𝐶1 .𝑅1 → 𝑅2 ) This is also applicable for column operations. 1) then apply 𝑅2 → 𝑅2 -𝑅1 .Rectification – Breaking of determinants should be explained clearly with help of different type of examples.e. * If in any determinant all the elements of a particular column are all unity(i. TIPS AND TECHNIQUES: 1.𝑅3 → 𝑅3 − 𝑅1 .e. R1→ 𝑅1 + 𝑘𝑅2 . . 𝑘 *If in any determinant all the elements of a particular row are all unity(i.𝐶3 → 𝐶3 − 𝐶1 . *Before expanding a determinant try to make maximum number of zeroes in a row or column.

*In multiplication of matrices the compatibility of multiplication must be ascertained and the order of resulting matrix must be written properly. .

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