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VMware ESX ESXi and

vSphere
Installation Guide

VERSION: 10.0

UPDATED: May 2017

VMware ESX ESXi and vSphere

Copyright Notices
Copyright © 2002-2017 KEMP Technologies, Inc..  All rights reserved.. KEMP Technologies and the KEMP
Technologies logo are registered trademarks of KEMP Technologies, Inc..

KEMP Technologies, Inc. reserves all ownership rights for the LoadMaster product line including software and
documentation. The use of the LoadMaster Exchange appliance is subject to the license agreement. Information in
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Portions of this software are; copyright (c) 2004-2006 Frank Denis. All rights reserved; copyright (c) 2002 Michael
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Copyright © 2002 - 2017 KEMP Technologies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2

All Rights Reserved.  Regents of the University of California. and to alter it and redistribute it   freely. EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. Berkeley. and/or sell copies of the Software. June 1991. is in full compliance of the GNU license requirements. merge. and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so. Permission is granted to anyone to use this software for any purpose. Boston. publish. DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY. MA  02110-1301.and KEMP Technologies Inc. Portions of this software are Copyright (C) 1988. TORT OR OTHERWISE. distribute. Portions of this software are Copyright (C)  1998. STRICT LIABILITY. Inc. copy.VMware ESX ESXi and vSphere WHETHER IN CONTRACT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY. OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE. subject to the following conditions: The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software. modify. either expressed or implied. sublicense. of the above copyright holders.   including commercial applications. THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES. to deal in the Software without restriction. including without limitation the rights to use. 3 . Inc. Redistribution and use in source and binary forms are permitted provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are duplicated in all such forms and that any documentation.  In no event will the authors be held liable for any damages arising from the use of this software. FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. The views and conclusions contained in the software and documentation are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing official policies. WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT. Portions of this software are Copyright (C)  1995-2004.  Massachusetts Institute of Technology Permission is hereby granted. but changing it is not allowed.  All rights reserved. INCLUDING. subject to the following restrictions: Copyright © 2002 . to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software").2017 KEMP Technologies. Version 2. USA. advertising materials. and other materials related to such distribution and use acknowledge that the software was developed by the University of California. ARISING FROM. THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS". -51 Franklin Street. OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE.  The name of the University may not be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission.. Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document. Fifth Floor. WITHOUT LIMITATION. 1991 Free Software Foundation. WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. without any express or implied warranty. Portions of the LoadMaster software are copyright  (C) 1989.  Jean-loup Gailly and Mark Adler This software is provided 'as-is'. free of charge. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

and/or distribute this software for any purpose with or without fee is hereby granted. and must not be misrepresented as being the original software. 7. modify. NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION.084 and 6.S. an acknowledgment in the product documentation would be appreciated but is not required.831.563. ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE. 7.  Internet Systems Consortium Permission to use. copy.2017 KEMP Technologies.346.392.VMware ESX ESXi and vSphere 1. 8.933 Copyright © 2002 . INDIRECT. Used.606. 7. This notice may not be removed or altered from any source distribution. 6. WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT.287. DATA OR PROFITS. under license. Altered source versions must be plainly marked as such.300. 6.374. The origin of this software must not be misrepresented. If you use this software in a product.970. 3. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL. 2. Inc. you must not claim that you wrote the original software. All Rights Reserved. THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS.695. 8.712. 7. Portions of this software are Copyright (C)  2003.770.912.103. provided that the above copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies. OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE. 4 . Patent Nos.473. U. DIRECT.802.

5 Power On the LoadMaster 13 3.VMware ESX ESXi and vSphere Table of Contents 1 Introduction 6 2 Best Practices 7 3 Installing Virtual LoadMaster (VLM) using vSphere 8 3.1 Configuring the LoadMaster via the Console 20 4.4 Working with VMware Virtual Switches 22 References 23 VMware Tools Add-On Package. All Rights Reserved.6 License and Configure the LoadMaster 15 4 Troubleshooting 20 4.3 VMware Tools 22 4. Inc.4 Check the Virtual Machine Settings 13 3.2 Download the OVF File 8 3.2 Factory Reset 22 4.2017 KEMP Technologies. Feature Description 23 Licensing. Feature Description 23 Document History 24 Copyright © 2002 . 5 .1 Static MAC Addresses Must Be Configured 8 3.3 Deploy the OVF File 8 3.

1. 6 . Inc. All Rights Reserved. 5.kemptechnologies.0.2017 KEMP Technologies.com. Virtual NICs per VM and so on.1.5 and 6.0. and vSphere 4. at minimum. The VMware virtual machine guest environment for the VLM. vCenter Server 5.VMware ESX ESXi and vSphere 1 Introduction 1 Introduction The KEMP Virtual LoadMaster is a version of the KEMP LoadMaster that runs as a virtual machine within a hypervisor and can provide all the features and functions of a hardware-based LoadMaster.0.1.0. 5. 4. Full details of the currently supported versions are available on our website: www. For further details regarding the configuration limits imposed by VMware. and 5.0. please refer to the relevant VMware documentation. 4. The VLM is has been tested with VMware ESX 4. 5.0. Copyright © 2002 .0. The Virtual LoadMaster is VMware ready. must include: 2 x virtual CPUs (reserve 2 GHz) 2 GB RAM 16 GB disk space (sparse where possible) There may be maximum configuration limits imposed by VMware such as maximum RAM per VM. VMware ESXi 4.0.5 and 6.5 and 6. There are several different versions of the VLM available. 5.0. 5. This document describes the installation of the Virtual LoadMaster (VLM) within a VMware ESX or ESXi hypervisor environment.1. 5.

2017 KEMP Technologies. Ensure this is forced (hard coded) on the port group as any changes to the vSwitch will affect all port groups by default. When using HA and the LoadMasters are on different hosts: To prevent the transmission of RARP packets from being sent every time a Virtual Machine is powered on. Inc.VMware ESX ESXi and vSphere 2 Best Practices 2 Best Practices Some best practices to be aware of before deploying a LoadMaster on VMware are below: Configure an existing or new load balancing port group for the relevant VLAN to avoid port flooding Use the VMXNET3 network adapter type when deploying the VLM When using High Availability (HA): The Security Policy Forged Transmit on the port group should be set to Accept. set the Notify Switches option to No. 7 . All Rights Reserved. Copyright © 2002 .

Select your country from the drop-down list provided. Open the VMware vSphere client. 3. Inc. 4. 3. 2. 2.com/try. For further information on configuring static MAC addresses.ovf file for ease of deployment.VMware ESX ESXi and vSphere 3 Installing Virtual LoadMaster (VLM) using vSphere 3 Installing Virtual LoadMaster (VLM) using vSphere The following instructions describe how to install a Virtual LoadMaster on a VMware ESXi environment using the VMware vSphere client. This file can be freely downloaded from KEMP Technologies for a 30 day evaluation period. All Rights Reserved. Copyright © 2002 . 3.KEMPtechnologies. 1. 5. Select the correct Resource Pool within which you wish to install the VLM. Go to http://www. 6. 8.2017 KEMP Technologies. Within the Select your hypervisor section. Read the End User License Agreement. 7.2 Download the OVF File The VLM is packaged with an .3 Deploy the OVF File To deploy the VLM we initiate a Deploy OVF Template wizard which gathers all the information required to correctly deploy the VLM. ensure that the MAC addresses of the Virtual Machine’s NICs stay the same. Static MAC addresses must be configured for all NICs within Virtual Machines. To download the VLM please follow the following instructions.1 Static MAC Addresses Must Be Configured In case you move a VLM system to a different Virtual Machine. Click the Download Now button. select the option for VMware (OVF). Click the Download button. 8 . ensure the I agree to the End User License Agreement terms check box is ticked. To proceed with the download. 1. please refer to the relevant VMware documentation. Unzip the contents of the file to an accessible location. 3.

4. Click Next. Within the OVF Template Details screen. ensure that all the details regarding the VLM are correct. this initiates the Deploy OVF Template wizard. Select the File > Deploy OVF Template menu option. Click Next.VMware ESX ESXi and vSphere 3 Installing Virtual LoadMaster (VLM) using vSphere 3. 6. click on the Browse button and select the downloaded file. Inc. 7. 9 . All Rights Reserved.2017 KEMP Technologies. 5. Within the Source screen. Copyright © 2002 .

In the Name and Location field. Within the Resource Pool screen. When the Accept button has been clicked the Next button will become available. 10. All Rights Reserved. Copyright © 2002 . It should be unique within the virtual machine folder. Within the End User License Agreement screen. select the folder location within the inventory where the VLM will reside 14. Click the Next button. If required. Click Next. Names are case sensitive. This page is only displayed if the cluster contains a resource pool and if you had not selected a resource pool within the inventory tree before initiating the deployment wizard. The name can be up to 80 characters long. Inc. enter a name for the VLM into the Name field. 10 .VMware ESX ESXi and vSphere 3 Installing Virtual LoadMaster (VLM) using vSphere 8. 13.2017 KEMP Technologies. 12. If you wish to continue with the installation. read the KEMP Technologies SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT. 9. 11. you must accept the end-user license agreement by clicking the Accept button. select the resource pool where the VLM will run. 15.

Click Next. Copyright © 2002 . 11 . 19. Inc. You may only select from preconfigured datastores within this screen. select the datastore in which you wish to store the VLM. select whether you wish to use Thin provisioned format or Thick provisioned format KEMP recommends you using the Thick provisioned format option. 18. Within the disk Format screen. The estimated disk usage is approximately 32 GB. All Rights Reserved. Within the Datastore screen.2017 KEMP Technologies.VMware ESX ESXi and vSphere 3 Installing Virtual LoadMaster (VLM) using vSphere 16. Click the Next button 17.

Select the network mapping for Network and Farm by right-clicking the Destination Network column and choosing the relevant preconfigured network from the drop-down list.VMware ESX ESXi and vSphere 3 Installing Virtual LoadMaster (VLM) using vSphere 20. ensure that all the details are correct. Within the Ready to Complete screen. 21. Click Next.2017 KEMP Technologies. Within the Network Mapping screen. 12 . 23. Copyright © 2002 . Inc. All Rights Reserved. select which networks in the inventory should be used for the VLM. Click Next. 22.

13 . Click the Finish button.5 Power On the LoadMaster To power on the Virtual LoadMaster. Copyright © 2002 . Once the Finish button is clicked. select the LoadMaster Virtual Machine. 3. All Rights Reserved.4 Check the Virtual Machine Settings Please verify that the Virtual Machine settings are configured with the recommended values: 2 x virtual processors 2 GB RAM 16 GB virtual hard disk capacity (sparse where possible) 3. In the left panel of the client. the VLM is deployed.2017 KEMP Technologies. follow the steps below: 1.VMware ESX ESXi and vSphere 3 Installing Virtual LoadMaster (VLM) using vSphere 24. Inc.

2017 KEMP Technologies. All Rights Reserved. Copyright © 2002 .VMware ESX ESXi and vSphere 3 Installing Virtual LoadMaster (VLM) using vSphere 2. Inc. 14 . Select the Console tab and wait for the Virtual Machine to finish booting. 3. Click the Power on the virtual machine link.

The LoadMaster End User License Agreement screen appears. Please read the license agreement and. 1. A warning may appear regarding website security certificates. fill out the fields and click License Now. A screen will then appear asking if you are OK with the LoadMaster regularly contacting KEMP to check for updates and other information. enter the IP address that was previously noted.2017 KEMP Technologies. 5. 4. follow the steps in the Configuring the LoadMaster via the Console section. 3. Ensure to enter https:// before the IP address. 3. Take note of this as you will need it to access the LoadMaster Web User Interface (WUI). Please click the continue/ignore option. 2.VMware ESX ESXi and vSphere 3 Installing Virtual LoadMaster (VLM) using vSphere 4. All Rights Reserved. Click the relevant button to proceed. if you are willing to accept the conditions therein. To change the IP address using the console view. When the Virtual Machine finishes booting. In an internet browser. Copyright © 2002 . a screen similar to the one above appears which will show the IP address. click on the Agree button to proceed. 15 . If using the Online licensing method.6 License and Configure the LoadMaster The LoadMaster must now be configured to operate within the network configuration. Inc.

please contact your KEMP representative. Feature Description on the KEMP Documentation Page. Select the license type you want to apply to this LoadMaster. If you are starting with a permanent license. If you entered an Order ID.VMware ESX ESXi and vSphere 3 Installing Virtual LoadMaster (VLM) using vSphere If you are starting with a trial license. press the Continue button 10. In the screen informing you that the password has changed. 8. there is no need to enter an Order ID. All Rights Reserved. enter the bal user name and the password. refer to the Licensing. For detailed instructions on how to register for a KEMP ID and license the LoadMaster. obtain the license text. 6. 9. in addition to any licenses registered for the KEMP ID based on the LoadMaster platform type. select Offline Licensing. If using the Offline Licensing method. Click Continue. Copyright © 2002 . 7. a screen appears that provides a list of available licenses for that order ID.2017 KEMP Technologies. paste it into the License field and click Apply License. Inc. The login screen appears. If the license type you want is not displayed. 16 . If your machine has shipped with a temporary license you should get a warning informing you that a temporary license has been installed on your machine and for how long the license is valid. enter the KEMP Order ID# if this was provided to you.

15. Click the eth0 menu option within the Interfaces section. 12. the network facing interface of the LoadMaster. 14. You should now connect to the Home screen of the LoadMaster. In the Network Interface 1 screen. Click the eth1 menu option within the Interfaces section 17. 18. Click on the Local DNS Configuration > Hostname Configuration menu option. In the Network Interface 0 screen. the farm-side interface of the LoadMaster. All Rights Reserved. 13. in the Interface Address input field. Go to System Configuration > Network Setup in the main menu. Click the Set Address button 16. Inc.2017 KEMP Technologies. 17 . enter the IP address of the eth1 interface. 19. 11. Copyright © 2002 . in the Interface Address input field. enter the IP address of the eth0 interface. depending on the network configuration.VMware ESX ESXi and vSphere 3 Installing Virtual LoadMaster (VLM) using vSphere Click OK . Click on the Set Address button This interface is optional.

VMware ESX ESXi and vSphere 3 Installing Virtual LoadMaster (VLM) using vSphere 20. All Rights Reserved. Inc. 23. Enter the domain name that is to be prepended to requests to the DNS nameserver into the DNS NameServer input field. enter the IP address(es) of the DNS Server(s)  which is used to resolve names locally on the LoadMaster into the DNS NameServer input field. Click the Local DNS Configuration > DNS Configuration menu option. In the Hostname configuration screen. Click the System Configuration > Network Setup > Default Gateway menu option. Click the Add button. Click the Add button. 21. In the DNS configuration screen. Click the Set Hostname button. 25. 22. Copyright © 2002 . 26. 18 . enter the hostname into the Current Hostname input field.2017 KEMP Technologies. 24. 27.

29. All Rights Reserved. For further information on how to configure and implement the Virtual LoadMaster. The LoadMaster is now fully installed and ready to be used. Click the Set IPv4 Default Gateway button. 19 . Inc. If you have an IPv6 Default Gateway.VMware ESX ESXi and vSphere 3 Installing Virtual LoadMaster (VLM) using vSphere 28.com/documentation page. please enter the value in the IPv6 Default Gateway Address input field. please refer to the LoadMaster documentation which can be downloaded from the http://kemptechnologies. Copyright © 2002 . In the DNS configuration screen. enter the IP address of the default gateway into the IPv4 Default Gateway Address input field.2017 KEMP Technologies.

Press OK. 20 . then the following configuration steps must be completed before starting the LoadMaster. in the input field within the Network Side Interface Address dialog box. 4. Inc.2017 KEMP Technologies. the network facing interface of the LoadMaster. or if the user prefers to configure the LoadMaster via the console.Password: 1fourall 2. Enter the IP address of the eth0 interface.VMware ESX ESXi and vSphere 4 Troubleshooting 4 Troubleshooting 4. 1. Login into the LoadMaster via the console using the settings . Press OK. Copyright © 2002 . 5.lb100 login: bal .1 Configuring the LoadMaster via the Console If the LoadMaster does not automatically obtain an IP address using DHCP. 3. All Rights Reserved. Enter the IP address of the default gateway in the input field of the Default Gateway dialog box.

12. click on the Agree button to proceed. 11. In an internet browser enter the IP address of the eth0 entered in Step 2. 8. a warning will appear informing that a temporary license has been installed on the machine and for how long the license is valid. The LoadMaster End User License Agreement screen appears. 7.2017 KEMP Technologies. The Appliance Vitals screen of the LoadMaster should appear. please refer to the LoadMaster documentation which can be found here: https://kemptechnologies. 9. Copyright © 2002 . a prompt will appear asking to connect to the web interface at the newly configured IP address.VMware ESX ESXi and vSphere 4 Troubleshooting 6. All Rights Reserved. Click OK. Please read the license agreement and. Ensure to enter https:// before the IP address. Inc. The LoadMaster is now fully installed and ready to be used.com/documentation. if willing to accept the conditions therein. 10. If the machine has shipped with a temporary license. Once these are set. For further information on how to configure and implement the Virtual LoadMaster. Please click the continue/ignore option. A warning may appear regarding website security certificates. 21 .

168. including the VLM’s IP address is deleted. For more information.2017 KEMP Technologies. Copyright © 2002 . Feature Description. If the VLM is on a different subnet to the DHCP server then an IP address will not be obtained and the IP address is set to the default 192.4 Working with VMware Virtual Switches When working with VMware Virtual Switches within your configuration. 4. Please refer to your VMware documentation for further details on how to configure the VMware Virtual Switch.3 VMware Tools The VLM supports integration with VMware Tools. If this option’s value is Reject. During the subsequent reboot the VLM attempts to obtain an IP address via DHCP. 4. please ensure that the value of the Forged Transmit Blocking option is Accept. all configuration data. If this is the case then you must run through the quick setup via the console as described in the Configuring the LoadMaster via the Console section. Inc.1.101.2 Factory Reset If you perform a factory reset on your VLM. the LoadMaster is prevented from sending traffic as it appears to come from nodes on the network other than the LoadMaster. All Rights Reserved. 22 .VMware ESX ESXi and vSphere 4 Troubleshooting 4. The VLM may not be accessible using this address. please refer to the VMware Tools Add-On Package.

Inc. Feature Description Licensing. the below documents can be found at http://kemptechnologies.2017 KEMP Technologies. 23 . Feature Description Copyright © 2002 .VMware ESX ESXi and vSphere References References Unless otherwise specified. All Rights Reserved. VMware Tools Add-On Package.com/documentation.

0 LB Jan 2017 Release update 7.37 release 8.0 LB Copyright © 2002 .2.VMware ESX ESXi and vSphere Document History Document History Date Change Reason for Change Ver Resp Oct 2016 Release update 7.0 LB May 2017 Minor update Enhancement made 10.36 release 7. Inc. All Rights Reserved.2.2.0 LB Mar 2017 Release update 7.2017 KEMP Technologies.38 release 9. 24 .