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# Retaining Wall with Counterfort Check of Stability & Calculation of Internal forces

And design sections According ACI 318-08
Project :- Designed by:- M. Abu Shady
Building :- Checked by:- M. Abu Shady
Element:- Retaining Wall with Counterfort Date:- 26-Oct-17
Location:-

General Input :
fc'=32 N/mm2 fy=420 N/mm2
tw= 0.30 m LL=5.0 KN/m2
ɣC=24 KN/m3
µ= 0.58
qall=150 KN/m2 Active Soil
Cover=50 mm ɣs=18KN/m3
Ignore Passive Soil YES Ka= 0.333
Ignore Soil wet W5 YES
�4
�5
𝐿𝑒𝑣𝑒� 0.60 m co
Passive Soil
Hp=2.10m Kp= 3

tb= 0.80 m 𝐿𝑒𝑣𝑒�
2.60m 3.60m

b= 6.50 m
d=0.74m

dir
itu

tio
na
ng

ec
lo

di

n
l

Transverse direction
1-Check Stability of Wall: Elevation Plan
a- Check of Retaining Wall Overturning:
Calculation of ∑W & Stability Moment ∑M
C𝒂𝒍𝒄𝒖𝒍𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝒐𝒇 𝑬𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒉 𝑷𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒖𝒓𝒆𝒔 𝑷
Dist. From load Moments M @
Description of loads Loads W kN/m' to point O (m) O KN.m/m' & 𝑶𝒗𝒆𝒓𝒕𝒖𝒓𝒏𝒊𝒏𝒈 𝑴𝒐𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝑴_𝒐

Weight of stem
W1 66.02 2.750 181.57
�_ℎ𝐿= 〖𝐿𝐿𝐾〗 _
𝑎𝐻
Weight of base slab W2 �_ℎ𝑎=(ɣ_𝑠 𝐾_𝑎
124.80 3.250 405.60 𝐻^2)/2

Weight of earth over �-𝒕_� �_ℎ𝑝=(ɣ_𝑠 𝐾_𝑎
Heel slab W3 594.22 4.700 2792.82 𝐻_𝑝^2)/2

Weight of Counterfort 〖� _𝒐=�_ℎ𝐿∗𝐻 〗 _(�_ℎ𝐿 )+�_ℎ𝑎*
W4 using(ɣc-ɣs) 45.02 4.100 184.57
𝐻_(�_ℎ𝑎 )- �_ℎ𝑝*𝐻_(�_ℎ𝑝 )

Weight of earth over 0.00 1.300 0.00
Toe slab W5
∑W=830.06 ∑M=3564.55

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𝑒 = 0. M. take moments @ point O M@o=0=−∑�∗x+∑𝑀−𝑀_𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑛𝑖𝑛𝑔 .𝒇_( .𝒇_( −6𝑒/�)= OK SAFE < qall �=) Page 2 of 9 . Retaining Wall with Counterfort Date:.Retaining Wall with Counterfort Check of Stability & Calculation of Internal forces And design sections According ACI 318-08 Project :. 26-Oct-17 Location:- 〖����������� ������ �� ������ =∑𝑴/𝑴 〗 Err:501 Err:501 _(𝒐 ) b. Abu Shady Building :.16 m .Check of Retaining Wall Sliding: 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎� 𝐻𝑜𝑟𝑖𝑧𝑜𝑛𝑡𝑎� 𝐹𝑜𝑟𝑐𝑒𝑠 𝑇𝑒𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑡𝑜 𝑠�𝑖𝑑 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑤𝑎�� ∑▒�_ℎ =�_ℎ𝐿+ = 299. Abu Shady Element:. Checked by:.87 𝐾�∕ 〖� ^ �_ℎ𝑎.73 KN/m2 135.𝒇_(𝒆 6𝑒/�)= Err:501 𝒄=) 131. Designed by:.46 KN/m2 =) 𝒇_�=(∑�)/�(1 .Check of Retaining Wall bearing Capacity: finding eccentricity e.�_ℎ𝑝 ′ 〗 ����𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑖𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐹𝑜𝑟𝑐𝑒 µ∑�" Err:501 𝐾�∕ 〖� ^ " ������� ������ �� ������=µ∑� /∑�_ℎ Err:501 ′ 〗 Err:501 c. �/6 = 1.083 m e 𝑠ℎ𝑎�� �𝑒≤�/ ������ �=�/�±�/� 𝑦=(∑�)/(1∗�)±(𝑒∗∑�)/((1∗�^3)⁄12) �/2 =(∑�)/�±(6�∗∑�)/�^2 = (∑�)/�(1±6�/�) Err:501 129.75 KN/m2 𝒇_𝒂=(∑�)/�(1+ . M.∴� Err:501 .

2KN. QHeel max Transverse Ult. 𝒕𝒆𝒎 @𝒛=) 𝒕𝒆𝒎 @𝒛𝟎) Mstem longitudinal Ult.max Vertical shear VVal Cfort@d at d point produced from Vertical net stress 𝒇_𝒏� on heel slab multiplied by counterfort spacing. Use 8 T 16 /m' Tension RFT.67 KN/m2 @𝒄) = Mstem vertical Ult.@z -Ve= -36.9 KN/m2 Downward =𝒇_𝒏� -88. 3.m/m TOP RFT.m/m on passive side Use 5 T 12 /m' Tension RFT.Stem Slab Moment and Shear: Stem Slab behaves as: 1. Designed by:.a cantilever from point c to x with length L c/2. 2. From b = 340 KN/m < ΦVc = 534 KN/m Where OK SAFE ACI318-08 .m/mon〖active . Use 8 T 16 /m' Tension RFT.m/m BOT. moment MCfort@c at c point produced from horizontal earth pressure 2.a continuous beam above point z in longitudinal direction of Retaining wall supported by counterforts slab.@c cant -ve= -47.m/m on active side Use 5 T 12 /m' Tension RFT.3KN. @z= 83 KN/m < ΦVc d.@z +Ve= 30.@d -Ve= -74. 〗Use _𝒏9 T 18 /m' Tension RFT.3 KN/m2 Upward 116.4KN. 𝒆= QToe max Ult. 𝒇_(𝒔𝒕𝒆𝒎 56. RFT. @d= 146 KN/m < ΦVc = 534 KN/m QHeel max longitudinal Ult. Mheel longitudinal Ult.Toe Slab Moment and Shear: finding net stress on Toe Slab 𝒇_𝒏𝒂 127. Page 3 of 9 . Eq 11-3 b.0KN. Retaining Wall with Counterfort Date:.@d +Ve= 62. @d dis.Counterfort Moment and Shear: Counterfort Slab behaves as: a Tee Beam its flange (is heel & stem slabs) with effiective depth d ctf .m/m BOT. M.3KN. RFT. 26-Oct-17 Location:- 2-Internal Forces of Retaining Wall: a. @d= 170 KN/m < ΦVc = 534 KN/m C.69 50.7KN. @c= 94 KN/m < ΦVc = 173 KN/m QStem max longitudinal Ult. 2. QStem max Cantilever Ult. Use 8 T 16 /m' Tension RFT.5KN. subjected to 1. Checked by:. Abu Shady Building :.09 1.Heel Slab Moment and Shear: heel Slab behaves as: 1.m/m on passive side Use 5 T 12 /m' Tension RFT.max.𝒇 〗side _(𝒔 〖 . supported by heel Slab.Retaining Wall with Counterfort Check of Stability & Calculation of Internal forces And design sections According ACI 318-08 Project :. Mstem longitudinal Ult.m/mon= active side =Use 5 T 12 /m' Tension RFT. Mstem longitudinal Ult.a continuous beam from point x to d in longitudinal direction of Retaining wall supported by counterforts finding net stress on Heel Slab 𝒇_𝒏𝒄 -82. M.@b= 620. supported by stem.@z0 -Ve= -1.0KN. Mheel longitudinal Ult.m/m TOP RFT.𝒇3〗 Use _(𝒔/m' T 16 Tension RFT.max horizontal shear VHal Cfort@c at c point produced from horizontal earth pressure stress 𝒇_(𝒔𝒕𝒆𝒎 @𝒄) on stem slab multiplied by counterfort spacing.4 KN/m2 Downward = Mheel Transverse Ult.0 KN/m2 Downward =𝒇_𝒏� -102. Abu Shady Element:.a cantilever from point c at heel top to point z with length L c/2. Mstem longitudinal Ult.3 KN/m2 Upward 〖 .@z0 +Ve= 1.@c -ve= -78.2KN.𝒇 = MToe Transverse max Ult.5 KN/m2 Upward = 𝒇_𝒏� 112.

Designed by:- 1.m/m Use 6 T 22 Tension RFT.12 m ct z2 "M Cfort@z2z1" " 50. Abu Shady Project :. Cfort@z1 " ="M Cfort@c " 1261.F VVal Cfort@d = 257 KN/m < ΦVc use 5T10/m E.F Page 4 of 9 . Abu Shady 2.06 m d h "d ctf"@ h ctf"@ "d z1 = 2.c point produced from horizontal earthChecked M.m/m Use 9 T 22 Tension RFT.max horizontal shear VHal Cfort@c pressureby:- stress 𝒇_(𝒔𝒕𝒆𝒎 @𝒄) onElement:. 26-Oct-17 3.6KN. " = 3.11 m " = 3.Retaining Wall with Counterfort Check of Stability & Calculation of Internal forces And design sections Counterfort According Slab behaves as: ACI 318-08 a Tee Beam its flange (is heel & stem slabs) with effiective depth d ctf .max.9KN.35 m " = 6. V=Hal Cfort@c = 142 KN/m < ΦVc = 712 KN/m use 5T10/m E.m/mz2" Use 3 T 22 Tension RFT. moment MCfort@c at c point produced from horizontal earth pressure Buildingat:.8KN. Retaining Wall with Counterfort stem slab multiplied by counterfort spacing. f" ="M 373. subjected to M. Date:.max Vertical shear VVal Cfort@d at Location:. d point produced from Vertical net stress 𝒇_𝒏� on heel slab multiplied by counterfort spacing.23 m = 1.

47 m H=9.34 〖𝐾� .S.67 𝐾�∕�′ = 298.20 m tc= 0.� 〗∕ 𝐻_(�_ℎ𝑎 ).�_ℎ𝑝*𝐻_(�_ℎ𝑝 ) 〖� ^′ 〗 Page 5 of 9 . Rev1. 𝑷_𝒉� & 𝑶𝒗𝒆𝒓𝒕𝒖𝒓𝒏𝒊𝒏𝒈 𝑴𝒐𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝑴_𝒐 = 1.97m 𝐿𝑒𝑣𝑒� -1.50 m tc= 0.30 m Transverse direction Plan C𝒂𝒍𝒄𝒖𝒍𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝒐𝒇 𝑬𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒉 𝑷𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒖𝒓𝒆𝒔 𝑷_𝑳. 𝑷_𝒉𝒂.00 𝐾�∕�′ 〖� _𝒐=�_ℎ𝐿∗𝐻 〗 _(�_ℎ𝐿 )+�_ℎ𝑎* = 999.20 𝐾�∕�′ = 0.0 26-Oct-17 M.30 m Lc= 2. 𝐿𝑒𝑣𝑒� 8.A.

A. Rev1.S. 𝐾�∕ 〖� ^ ′ 〗 e 𝑠ℎ𝑎�� �𝑒≤�/6 to ignor tension stress 135.75 KN/m2 Page 6 of 9 .0 26-Oct-17 M.

0 26-Oct-17 M. Eq 11-3 Page 7 of 9 . Rev1.S. KN/m2 Upward ACI318-08 .A.

0 26-Oct-17 M.A. Rev1.S. Page 8 of 9 .

Table L.Chapter 12 of Reinforced Concrete Design.vtu.ac.ejse.0 Design Toe.1.Reliability Analysis of Counterfort Retaining Walls Paper (Electronic Journal of Structural Engineering 11(1) 2011) http://www.in/P6/enotes/CV61/Des_Ret_Wal-MCN.Design and Detailing of Counterfort Retaining Wall Lecture Note http://elearning.vtu. MacGinley_3rd Ed-2006-ISBN: 04153079 2.pdf 4. Appendix L of Structural Foundation Designers' Manual by W.Typical frictional resistances.html 3.org/Archives/Fulltext/2011/20115.CV61 Lectures http://elearning. G. J. Heel and stem slab according ACI 318-08 Design Counterfort as a beam according ACI 318-08 .pdf which is part of Design and Drawing of RCC Structures .ac.References: 1. Design Theory and Examples by T.in/CV61. Curtin_2nd-2006 Rev 1.