You are on page 1of 2

ALESA Wk 4 – Annotated Bibliography Template

Guidelines for your annotated bibliographies

i. Summarize the article so that it is clear what the article’s topic and argument is
ii. Summarize the source’s major finding(s) or conclusion(s)
iii. Evaluate the source for its strengths and weaknesses
iv. End by explaining how the source fits into your essay topic by explaining if the source is useful,
how it might shape your argument, or how it might support or change your position

Source reference:

Make sure you include the following information:

Author (Family name first, then first name initials)

Year of publication

Title of the article

Title of the book, journal, publication, or website

Volume and issue number

Location of publication if it’s a book

Publisher name

Page numbers (range) of the article

Horst. M, White. J, Bell. P (2010) “First and second language knowledge in the language classroom”

International Journal of Bilingualism. Sep2010, Vol. 14 Issue 3, pp.331-349
ALESA Wk 4 – Annotated Bibliography Template
Summary (Guidelines i & ii)

Write a five-sentence long summary that states: a) the problem addressed by the article (the "topic"); b)
the article's method of analysis; c) the article's conclusions and/or recommendations. Remember, if you
record any direct quotes or use paraphrases (not your own words/ideas) be sure to include the page
number where this information came from.

The study investigated how language instruction can be designed to help learners build on first language
knowledge in acquiring a new language (p.331). There were two intact groups of 48 students (9 to 10 years old)
and all participants were fluent speakers of French (p.335). They attended a 10-month program that alternated
weeks of English and French curriculum, switching teachers in a week and researchers observed the classroom,
watch students’ responses and interviewed teachers (p.335-336). The study found that cross-linguistic
awareness activities is a viable pedagogy with demonstrable advantages for learners (p.348).

Assessment and reflection (Guidelines iii & iv)

Now write a few sentences evaluating the source and assessing its usefulness for your research goals

I think this article is useful because it focuses on the relationship between first and second langurage knowledge.
However, the experiment was hold in French language, which is much more similar to English than Japanese. So
the conclusion may not be suitable when you discuss JAPANESE elementary school foreign language education. I
looked for similar articles on Japanese, but I couldn’t find.