On set for the end of the soap-opera era As The World Turns — The Final Curtain Photos: This fall.Table of Contents: July 19. It's not too late to put things right Holy Water: Controversy on the Ganges Photos: An Indian dam has left many villagers without access to enough water LETTERS Inbox (Inbox) ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT Beauty and The East (Books) . Vol. I help my mother celebrate her 65th birthday and learn the secrets of spa life NATION All Aboard? (The Well / Nation) Obama is spending billions on a new network of faster trains.S. Is a car-crazed nation ready to add rails to the mix? Cleaning Up On the Spill (The Well / Nation) A disaster is also an opportunity. rampant growth is turning the Ganges into a toxic sewer. 3 COVER One and Done (Cover) The economy is sluggish. the venerable daytime television drama will go off the air How India's Success Is Killing Its Holy River (World) From the Himalayas to the plains. And for environmental-services firms. 176 No. And raising kids costs a bundle. Expenses are up. 2010 IN THIS ISSUE EDITION: U. What better time to abandon the stereotypes and embrace the possibilities of the only child? Famous Only Children Photos: A gallery of one-offspring who've helped shape the world ESSAY Africa's Future (Commentary) How staging the World Cup has allowed a continent to believe in itself How I Learned to Relax at a Spa — With My Mom (Commentary) Armed with herbal iced tea. BP's Gulf blowout is an absolute gusher WORLD Postcard from Oakdale The cast and crew of As the World Turns bid farewell to the fictional town they've called home for 54 years.

David Mitchell. sexy The Kids Are All Right may be the best domestic drama we'll see this year Q&A: Julianne Moore The Kids Are All Right actress talks about soap opera acting. one pile of junk at a time About Face (Life / Going Green) A new book unmasks the toxic ingredients in mainstream cosmetics PEOPLE 10 Questions for Elon Musk (10 Questions) The engineer-magnate is a co-founder of electric-car maker Tesla Motors. the mad scientist of story. 30 Rock and lesbians who like gay porn Olivia Newton-John (Q&A) Short List TIME'S PICKS FOR THE WEEK SOCIETY Cleaning House (Life / Behavior) How community task forces are dealing with hoarding. is back with a novel of old Japan Family Ties (Movies) The funny. TIME looks back at other royal visits over the years . Elon Musk will now take your questions NOTEBOOK The Moment (Briefing) 7 | 6 | 10: Washington The World (Briefing) 10 ESSENTIAL STORIES The Republicans Are Still Looking for a Leader (Briefing) A Fallen Star Takes Center Stage (Briefing) Health: Latest Findings (Briefing) Verbatim (Briefing) Brief History: Ground Zero Visits (Briefing) A Brief History of Royals in America Photos: As Queen Elizabeth II makes her first trip to New York City in decades.

The Skimmer (Briefing) Book Review: The Fever by Sonia Shah Mohammed Hussein Fadlallah (Briefing / Milestone) Robert Butler (Briefing / Milestone) Beryl Bainbridge (Briefing / Milestone) .

in Amarillo. but Sophia's attendance at a private school is nonnegotiable. 15 months. with her parents Elizabeth Nixon and Joshua Marcus. 21 months. Her parents have scaled back on expenses. Jul.COVER The Only Child: Debunking the Myths By LAUREN SANDLER Thursday. 08. "Your first?" . "We don't even have money to have this kid. with her dad Bryce at home in Boston." Nixon says. with his parents. the Moores are happy to devote their resources just to him Andrea Stern for TIME Sophia Mullican. "But we're figuring it out day to day" Andrea Stern for TIME Bryar Moore. Having struggled for years to conceive their son. Andrea Stern for TIME It's a conversation I have most weeks — if not most days. 2010 Madelyn Vickmark. it happens when my 2-year-old daughter and I are buying milk at the supermarket. 9. at home in an Austin suburb. Her mother Rochelle Rosen runs an educational-consulting firm Andrea Stern for TIME Ida Rye Marcus. 9. Texas. This time. and then I endure the usual dialogue. The cashiers fawn over her pink cheeks and applaud when she twirls for them.

And since I celebrated my 35th birthday.S. a leading reproductive-health research organization." "Another one coming soon?" "Nope — it might be just this one. people seem to think I turned out just fine. You'll see. for one.050 — before college. So why. their choice was rare. Since the early '60s. and we're pushing toilet training just to drop the cost of diapers — about $100 a month — from our monthly budget. but if I did. They wanted the experience of parenting but also their careers. I'd start by asking these young minimum-wage earners to consider the following: the U. my daughter will likely feel far less alone in her only status than I did."Yup. "The recession has dramatically reshaped women's childbearing desires. But the entrenched aversion to stopping at one mainly amounts to a century-old public-relations issue. solitary misfits. Birth control has quickly become one of the recession's few growth industries. A few ex-boyfriends aside. There are certain time-honored reasons for having that baby: in many countries and communities. Back then." "You'll have more. Single children are perceived as spoiled. I have to ask myself not when but if." says Larry Finer. I'm not planning on it. No parents want that for their kid. This happens during financial meltdowns: the Great Depression saw single-child families spike at 23% of all families. Since the 1970s. selfish. studies devoted to understanding the personality characteristics of only children have debunked that idea. The institute found that 64% of women polled said that with the economy the way it is. according to the National Center for Health Statistics. costs his or her parents about $286. because of the economy. friends and relatives — not to mention supermarket cashiers. Forty-four percent said they plan to reduce or delay their childbearing — again. at a time when so many parents . the director of domestic policy at the Guttmacher Institute. I've found. Department of Agriculture reports that the average child in the U. pastors and. And family size can be dictated by biology as much as by psychology. strangers on the subway — continue to urge parents of only children to have another baby. but if we too choose to stop at one child. You'll see. I. to about 1 in 5 — and that's from before the markets crashed. however. and that was back when onlies were still an anomaly. was happy without siblings. It's a marvel to me these days that anyone can manage a second kid — forget about a third." I offer no retort. single-child families have almost doubled in number. they couldn't afford to have a baby now." "You wouldn't do that to your child. My parents asked themselves that question when I was my daughter's age and decided the answer was no. the freedom to travel and the lower cost and urbane excitement of making a home in an apartment rather than a suburban house." "At the moment. the mandate to be fruitful and multiply is a powerful religious directive. The milk I'm buying adds up to $50 a month.S. Meanwhile. Those costs have actually risen during the recession.

Twenty-five years ago. but their findings never filtered into popular parenting discourse.worry about being able to support more than one.) Falbo and Polit later completed a second quantitative review of more than 200 personality studies. the world's biggest experiment in population control. Of course we ask when someone is going to have "kids. both in the U. a professor of educational psychology and sociology at the University of Texas at Austin." Of course we think that one is the loneliest number. The studies. "Being an only child is a disease in itself.S. No one. aloof and overly intellectual. By and large. Meanwhile. Such vehicles have evangelized Hall's teachings more than his clubs did. mainly from the U. self-centered. academics and advice columnists alike disseminated his conclusion that an only child could not be expected to go through life with the same capacity for adjustment that children with siblings possessed. royally autonomous . Even on the new show Modern Family." he claimed. do we still worry that there's something wrong with just one? And what will it mean for future generations if more parents than ever before decide that one is enough? A Stereotype Is Born The image of the lonely only — or at least the legitimizing of that idea — was the work of one man. Hall — and every other fledgling psychologist — knew close to nothing about credible research practices. Falbo began investigating the only-child experience in the 1970s.. But what he is most known for today is supervising the 1896 study "Of Peculiar and Exceptional Children. those studies showed that singletons aren't measurably different from other kids — except that they. ." she tells me after a meeting of her graduate seminar in social psychology. selfish and maladjusted. An only child herself and the mother of one. drawing on the experience of tens of thousands of subjects. Family Ties). asocial. A national network of study groups called Hall Clubs existed to spread his teachings.." not "a kid. No one has done more to disprove Hall's stereotype than Toni Falbo. About 120 years ago. they found that the personalities of only children were indistinguishable from their peers with siblings. Yet for decades. character. sociability." which described a series of only-child oddballs as permanent misfits. score higher in measures of intelligence and achievement." as sociologist Judith Blake describes them in her 1989 book Family Size and Achievement — permeated pop culture. The Bad Seed) to the oddball sidekicks in '80s sitcoms (Growing Pains. She's just spent a couple of hours pacing a linoleum classroom floor in platform heels. "For most people. went into effect in 1979). Generally. Granville Stanley Hall.S. Falbo says. along with firstborns and people who have only one sibling. the tween singleton is a cringingly precocious loner with a coddling mother. she and colleague Denise Polit conducted a meta-analysis of 115 studies of only children from 1925 onward that considered developmental outcomes of adjustment. cut across class and race. from the demon children in horror films (The Omen. (She has spoken those three words so many times in the past 35 years that they run together as one: lonelyselfishmaladjusted. achievement and intelligence. and in China (where the government's one-child policy. this still hasn't sunk in. Hall established one of the first American psychology-research labs and was a leader of the child-study movement. has published research that can demonstrate any truth behind the stereotype of the only child as lonely. Later generations of scholars tried to correct the record. the "peculiar" only children — "overprivileged..

that human behavior cannot be entirely reduced to numbers on a questionnaire. "You can tell people all the research in the world that contradicts it." he laughs. energy and money to invest in their kid. who gets all the dance classes. The low lamplight — and Kleenex box on his coffee table — renders an inversion of Falbo's fluorescent-lit classroom. And as Falbo tells her students." In a suburb outside Austin. But that doesn't mean the stereotype is true. Not that having siblings will necessarily thwart you. the only child gets it all. That attention. except for an exchange student from China (who is a product of the one-child policy) — but they still don't seem to have internalized the lesson. And everything is formative. you know . offering sharp observations about the psychology of collectivism. After class. But now he refers to how there's "no only-child problem" in his big family. but the same cognitive psychology that maintains any sort of prejudice. Adriean Mancillas — an only child and the mother of triplets — has studied the prevalence of only-child stereotypes. large or small. a student from West Texas chats with a student from India." as she terms it. His soft-voiced presence is a reminder that clinical sampling can take us only so far. "There's no question that only children are highly indulged and highly protected. Einstein had a sister and did just fine. doesn't that mean there's truth to the stereotype that they're overindulged? In Austin. The argument Blake makes in Family Size and Achievement as to why onlies are higher achievers across socioeconomic lines can be stated simply: there's no "dilution of resources. parents of only children have more time. On balance. is neither cheerleading nor hectoring. But for every Venus and Serena Williams you can find a luminary singleton: Cary Grant. But if only children do get it all. The beige sectional couch in the family room was a free . No matter their income or occupation. piano lessons and prep courses." he tells me. Lance Armstrong or Frank Sinatra. They can be found cross-culturally from Estonia to Brazil. researchers have noticed.presenting data to her students — all of whom have siblings. He had astute things to say during class regarding how cultures adapt over time. between siblings. he says." And they stick. author of The Future of Your Only Child. he adds. John Updike. who meets with patients in his office on the ground floor of a Victorian house.. leads to not just higher SAT scores but also higher self-esteem. "You've been given more attention and nurturing to develop yourself. as well as all their parents' attention when it comes to helping work out an algebra problem. dating to "when people needed bigger families to farm the land. But that's not the same thing as being selfish. Undiluted Resources At California State University at Dominguez Hills. medical or law degrees — than other kids. she says. Of course. part of the reason we assume only children are spoiled is that whatever parents have to give. "everything is double-edged. I seek out the counseling practice of psychologist Carl Pickhardt." she says. at least not based on his four decades of seeing singletons — both kids and adults — unburden themselves in his office.. All that attention is the energy for your self-esteem and achievement. but. the cocktail of aptitude and confidence yields results: only children tend to do better in school and get more education — college. as participants in the stratified conversation about only children tend to be. Elvis Presley." But. that level of parental involvement is a good thing. "I'm not saying only children are socially retarded or anything. Pickhardt. applies. Zoe and Don Mullican live with their 9-year-old daughter Sophia in a rented house with a red pickup parked outside.

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Much of it is self-imposed. because of their notions of themselves as performing at a peer level with their parents. several paraphrased the words of one mother I spoke with: "If I knew I could ." Zoe tells me over Don's home-brewed beer at a backyard barbecue. Researchers have crunched the numbers from years of standardized tests like the National Merit Scholarship exam to measure verbal and mathematical abilities. Furthermore." Zoe says. and we want to give one person the best we could give. But I bring it up because of how deeply I feel all that love for my kid. To my only-child eyes. Zoe was an only child herself until she was a teenager. Zoe recently lost her job as an executive assistant in a law firm. they wanted a second. and neither feels much like childhood. resulting in a significant cut in their family income. Then I had my daughter — and now I gush like the rest of them. and the new gig she found is only part time. It's the other edge of all that adult-icizing: pressure and responsibility usually accompany success. In fact. their dynamic looks ideal. When I was interviewing the parents of only children. he told me the discovery that surprised him most was that parents felt so madly in love with their first child. Falbo tells her class that parents have significantly higher expectations of academic achievement and attainment when they have just one kid. you gotta play it for her!" she says. they're expected to. That's an unusual finding. sits down next to Sophia and gives her a hug. we tend to ask ourselves two questions when we talk with our partners about having more children. but Sophia's attendance at her school is nonnegotiable. "Isn't this great?" they say together.) They've scaled back on "everything from gas to groceries to clothing. When Sophia and her friends come downstairs for grilled turkey burgers. First. I am not someone who spent my first three decades imagining a glowing pregnancy followed by maternal bliss. On the tailgate of their truck is a purple sticker that bears the name of the private Austin Waldorf School. no matter how much they may love the experience of parenting. which she saw perform at Austin City Limits with her parents last year. he says. As is her status as an only child." the 9-year-old tells me. I used to suspect that mothers who talked about their children with such unbridled wonder didn't have much else going on in their lives. will it make our kid happier? And then. Not many say they do it for themselves. but I can hear the nay-saying voices in my head wondering if this is the fullest form of childhood. Talk to parents and you'll often hear that they opt to have another because they think it will be better for the child they already have. "They're one of our favorite bands. But Pickhardt notes that parental expectations are merely part of the pressure only children can feel. whose only child's voice joins the chorus of Vanessa Hudgens impersonators. "We have such limited resources financially. will it make us happier? When University of Pennsylvania demography professor Samuel Preston was conducting research to help him predict the future of fertility. Sophia expresses dismay that I haven't heard of the band Ghostland Observatory. (Don works as a civil engineer. which Sophia attends. Zoe puts on the album. so was her oldest friend. Will It Make Us Happier? As parents. "Mom.Craigslist find. folding mesh chairs make up the outdoor furniture in the yard. only children performed better than children from larger families. In each category. But Zoe doesn't sound that worried about it as we talk over the sound of Sophia belting out High School Musical karaoke upstairs in her room with two other singleton friends.

Social scientists have surmised since the 1970s that singletons offer the rich experience of parenting without the consuming efforts that multiple children add: all the wonder and giggles and shampoo mohawks but with leftover energy for sex. she explains. "I can be fully present for this and do my best at trying to appreciate it. Bryar plays four sports." as Newman puts it. gives weight to that idea. insurance ." "Most people are saying. we actually spent less time actively parenting. the Moores decided their hard-won baby boy was "the one God meant for us to have and the only one we want. But I try to imagine the first couple of years and try to imagine the impact on my daughter." A 2007 survey found that at a rate of 3 to 1. In his analysis of a survey of 35." she says. means being his mother — at least that's how I experience it. The couple decided to become parents when Leslie was 25. Beth Nixon. and "it's already expensive." says social psychologist Susan Newman." she says. The research of Hans-Peter Kohler. a Pennsylvania artist and mother of a 1-year-old. in Leslie and Jarrod Moore's church community in Amarillo. Texas. As Kohler told me. is one of six and says he knows how hard it is to share resources with siblings. "At face value. "Now you take them to the next practice. screaming with the pain of teething. "People judge me for working full time and for saying I don't want another kid. But we're moving back slowly to parents wanting to have a life too. but pregnancy didn't come easily. Parents who intend to have only one say they can manage the drudgery with an eye on the light at the end of the tunnel. you should say that you'll stop at one child to maximize your subjective well being. "We no longer send a child out to play for three hours and have those three hours to ourselves. But being a mother. like these things mean I don't love my daughter. tradition means something quite different." There must be some balance between the joy our kids give us and the sacrifices we make to care for them. They tell me I'd be happier if I didn't work as much. if I had another kid. It was years before Leslie finally conceived. women with one child said they were more satisfied with their lives than women with none or more than one. and loving being a mother." Rochelle Rosen works full time running her own educational-consulting firm in Massachusetts while a nanny stays with her young daughter. the next class." says Leslie. I can't divide myself anymore. And people are realizing that's simply easier with one.000 Danish twins." Jarrod. Before technology made the office a 24-hour presence. in five years or 10 years will I be happy that I did it? Maybe. Nixon feels like it's no big deal. conversation." The New Traditional Family While singleton households may become "the new traditional family." I can relate. which is why it amazes me when people seem to think that parents who choose to have one kid don't love their child as much as parents who have more — that somehow they are doing their kid harm." When her daughter Ida wakes up every hour and a half. people believe the main purpose of marriage is the "mutual happiness and fulfillment" of adults rather than the "bearing and raising of children. I'd do it in a heartbeat. this is the only time I am going to do this. reading and so on. We've been consumed by our children. I am so torn in different directions already. a population sociologist at the University of Pennsylvania. who has his own home-design company. because it's like. and by the time Bryar — now 9 — arrived healthy.have him all over again. says she finds reassurance every day in the fact that "it's not going to be an endless chain of need which is going to be fulfilled for years and years. "If I have another child. "Forget college.

there's an absence of these pressures to have more children — and so people don't.and a car. "But as the acceptability of one-child families increases over time. "People around here think we're crazy. if by some weird twist I got pregnant accidentally. you'll find religiosity and fertility go hand in hand. Evangelicals — the biggest share of their viewership — saw the Gosselins' brood as proof of pure piety. but a plurality of adults (46%) say two children is the ideal number. these questions arise: Who will make up the workforce? Who will care for the disproportionate number of elderly citizens? The latter is a question felt even more acutely on a personal level — particularly in the microcosm of the single-child family. In much of the world. In the early 1960s. a director of the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research in Germany. No wonder churches nationwide vied to book Jon and Kate Gosselin (predivorce) for guest spots in their pulpits. families still choose to have only one — largely because of economic uncertainty. will have lost 13 million — or almost 4% — of people ages 15 to 64." she says. But Kohler says his happiness study contributes to a consensus that a metamorphosis is afoot. It was pretty elementary evolutionary psychology: the more you bred. Europe represented 20% of the world's population. those numbers are projected to drop to about 7. Most American families aren't of biblical proportions any longer. for many people it is also a spiritual one. despite the rise in minority and immigrant birthrates. whether in more secular Europe or in more pious America. we would be devastated. "If people feel they have to give in to these social expectations to have more children. Meanwhile." high fertility can beget high fertility: children who inherit their parents' religious beliefs inherit at least one of the reasons to have many children themselves.U. On a continent where the fertility rate is well below 2. made a stir at population conferences: he presented research on how the next generation of German and Austrian parents will be the first in Europe to see only children as more common. Back when the mandate to be fruitful and multiply was first chiseled in stone. But to tell you the truth.5%." Falbo has observed that in some urban areas in China where the one-child policy has been relaxed and permission has been given to have more than one child. And as Samuel Preston writes in his 2008 paper "The Future of American Fertility. Between now and 2030. buying twice as many uniforms and tennis shoes." If you comb the World Values Survey. And that's not just an Asian phenomenon. then they might have another child for reasons other than their own happiness. A paper by Joshua Goldstein. Imagine if we were running around to twice as many sporting events. As much as family size is a deeply personal issue. the more likely your line was to survive. more productivity. More kids meant more helping hands. Only 3% said one child was ideal — the same number that said zero. demographers forecast the E. My parents address my unspoken anxiety . Ascent of the Onlies? Goldstein's paper is just one of many exacerbating angst about the current low-fertility "crisis" that has European economists and policy wonks in a panic. Large families were social networks and insurance policies. About a century later. that is still the case. the number of people over 65 will increase by more than 40%. according to a 2010 Pew survey on American motherhood. A 2001 study found that one of the most consistent self-perceived challenges for only children was concern about being the sole caretaker for aging parents (including feelings of anxiety about being the sole survivor in the family once their parents died)." he told me. there was a true impetus behind the idea. more comfort.

while African-American families have stayed stable. a professor at the University of Warwick who studies the relationship between economics and happiness. But skiing and sports cars without baby seats can be fun too. while white motherhood has declined by 12 percentage points since 1990." he says. the U. just like Europe and Japan are today. like he did for my grandfather. Ironically. will be worrying about declining population. I know it's not the same. He says he's not even that worried about Europe. it seems that if economic pressures can bring about lower fertility. assuming the nation doesn't slide far deeper into economic crisis. I've lined up emotional and practical support — in my case.with monthly payments into a long-term health care insurance plan.S. "It's not like we don't have the social capital. the rule of law. "I love my own daughters to bits. having siblings is no guarantee that the burden of elder care will be shared equally or even shared at all. longer periods of searching for the ideal mate and a more flexible and pleasure-seeking life has given us the second demographic transition. even for families with the resources to plan ahead. But our national picture will probably look a little different: the recent Pew study on American motherhood shows a major uptick in the share of births to Hispanic women. My husband is like a son to my parents. Of course. the sorts of institutional infrastructure that we in the West take for granted. or help my father in the bathroom. Because of these "rich society" tendencies.) Even with those population segments in mind. we wouldn't face the same kinds of collective problems. But imagining this emotionally fraught inevitability impels many people I know to have more kids. Andrew Oswald. though not nearly as dramatically.and four-child families. (The share of births to Asian mothers has also increased. "That's why only children are the secular trend of a rich society we've been moving toward for the past 100 years. "That's a whole lot less consequential than in China." he told me. the University of Pennsylvania demographer.S. He will be the first to spoon pureed food into my mother's mouth. Like many only children. who now give birth to 1 in 4 babies. Oswald guesses that 50-odd years from now. where there is no national public pension system. Now postponement of parenthood — or refusal of it — in favor of greater focus on education and career. And yet I know my parents are not his. both the number of larger families and the number of only children will keep growing..S. in her practice "three is the new black. my spouse. they trend upward alongside an increase in larger families — not of the 9 by Design ilk but three. especially if they can afford them. What shape might that worry take? Nicholas Eberstadt of the American Enterprise Institute has furrowed his brow a great deal over what he calls "the depopulation bomb" in Russia and China. a concept Ron Lesthaeghe at the University of Michigan advanced 25 years ago. predicts many families will continue to shrink. Preston. It refers to the fertility shift that occurred when the industrial world moved from high birth and death rates to low ones. like he did for my grandmother..") It may be tough to trace the overall impact of single-child families in the U. the champion breeders among us will likely offset the continuing ascent of onlies. But there are limits to what can be managed by logistics. projects that in the U. but he says even if it were to go off in the U. where people have relied .S. (As one Park Avenue obstetrician told me." That trend is what is known as the second demographic transition. as some experts predict. While demographers expect to see a slip in population because of the recession. if. so can economic prosperity.

I do too. is how we define family. as generations of only children follow each other. "What really changes. it's a choice my husband and I need to make soon. For now. As Susan Newman tells me. On the other hand. sometimes. we talk about the idea that to be good parents. is taking Social Security for granted these days. the fewer siblings we have. the cousin disappears from the family tree. Single. no one in the U.S. In doing so. we'll have to be mindful to raise her to be part of something bigger than just us three. we have to be happy people. If they needed it. I wouldn't be able to financially support my parents in their decline without their long-term-care plan — especially with another year or two of day care still to go. Famous Only Children . Like most only children. I might feel more inclined to have a second child myself. And with her. But must we share DNA to do that? Stepparents and stepsiblings have become firmly normative in American culture. What we won't consider is whether being an only child will screw her up. If it were easier to be a parent in this country and if the current economic situation weren't so dire. knowing it's not the same as having a brother or a sister but not necessarily missing what I don't have." I've been part of this redefinition all my life. As I enter what my obstetrician calls advanced maternal age. I've cast cousins and friends as ersatz siblings since I was a child. If we end up having no other children. How we determine our happiness and our daughter's will be based on the love we feel for her and the realities — both joyful and trying — of what a larger family would mean.on relatives for economic backup since time immemorial. unmarried and gay parents have headed in that direction too." He's not just talking about siblings: in China. we'll do that fine in other ways. my kid is happy enough to dance down supermarket aisles by herself or with her friends and cousins.

when onlies spiked.S. John Updike The writer was born in 1932 — a child of the Depression. Cary Grant The debonair star of Bringing Up Baby was brought up an only child.'s longest-serving President grew up with a doting mother.Franklin Roosevelt The U. .

.Condoleezza Rice The former Secretary of State. an only child. is an accomplished pianist. Lance Armstrong No tandem bikes for the seven-time Tour de France champion.

Frank Sinatra The Chairman of the Board was the only child of Italian immigrants. Chelsea Clinton She has busy parents. but the former First Daughter commands their attention. .

Elvis Presley No siblings stepped on the King's blue suede shoes. .

rapid bus systems and airports. rising affluence in places like Soweto. Friends in South Africa would debate the country's future. Even the country's struggles gave it a vibrancy. if you were backing China. Friends in England would talk property prices. decided to have another child. is not always believing. such as the building of new trains. I'd read of an Africa trapped in a monotony of war. I was meeting coffee moguls in Rwanda. After a year. 08. On my reporting trips. African growth was averaging 5% to 7%. we understood that she was talking not about violent crime but a home. galloping opportunity. because China was backing Africa with billions a year. And the grim stories were there. a lingering. we bought a house with a thatched roof and thick whitewashed walls and. If our ideas of the country were changing. for instance. Meanwhile. 2010 Waving the Ghanaian flag before the Uruguay game Monirul Bhuiyan / Getty Images When I moved with my young family to South Africa in 2006. the huge African township on the edge of Johannesburg. Moreover. I realized. you were backing Africa. The beauty of the place — the Cape sea. bars in the windows. But that was offset by growing integration in the cities." to describe our new house. a year later it happened again. offshore bankers in Mauritius and jazz impresarios in Ethiopia. biofuel entrepreneurs in Liberia. an armed private security patrol. strangely. But knowing. and an excruciating inequality between town and township. We took a house on the outskirts of Cape Town protected by infrared beams. After six months we were burgled.ESSAY Africa's Future By ALEX PERRY Thursday. thinking we'd never find a better place to raise a family. Jul. metal "rape gates" in the doors and. reality was overtaking preconceptions. in the street outside. the country was famous for three things — violent crime. There was crime. whose gender had been challenged after she won the world 800-m championship last year. meaning "place to die in. AIDS and Nelson Mandela — and the chances of encountering the first two seemed larger than meeting the third. so were my impressions of the continent. But Somalia. spoke of a country on the move. Africa's middle class was bigger than India's. and a new broad-mindedness that saw. South Africa's preparations for the soccer World Cup. famine. as cold and clear as ice. But by then. Darfur and Congo turned out to be the exceptions in a place where the norm was increasingly diverse. the stillness of the Karoo desert — lent the nation a serenity for which we were wholly unprepared. sometimes lethal racial intolerance. the villagers of Limpopo accept as their champion the runner Caster Semenya. a third daughter born last month. Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu tells a story about visiting Nigeria from apartheid South Africa in the 1970s and the pride he felt at spotting two black pilots . genocide and death. When a friend used the Afrikaans phrase vrek plek.

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Ghana beat the U. How I Learned to Relax at a Spa — With My Mom By JOEL STEIN Monday. outside the stadium in tiny. And just as our faith caught up with our facts.000 fans in face paint and fluorescent wigs stepped off their coaches into a dusty African village. 19. In the hours before the England-U.manning an internal flight — only to panic when the plane hit turbulence that "those blacks" would crash. South Africa scored a beautiful first tournament goal. cacophonous confirmation. Tutu tried to put it into words. Many South Africans were aware of the new reality but still imprisoned by their old perceptions. Hardly a crime was reported. If the big idea behind staging the World Cup in Africa was to change outside perceptions of the continent.S. we've been living something wondrously different. 44. 2010 Illustration by Joshua Ueland for TIME . I knew Africa was changing. game. it got better. set up giant braais (barbecues) of chicken in their yards and started handing out quarts of cold beer.S. It is here. It was perhaps the most peaceful and gently inebriated meeting of two worlds in history. Perhaps the most remarkable sight of the tournament came on its second day. giant. The arrival of hundreds of thousands of fans was sudden. Years of agonizing challenges no doubt lie ahead for Africa. "You can touch it! It's unbelievable! I am in a dream!" He was — I think — talking about Africa's future. to reach the quarterfinals. the owners of 10 houses and a local shop threw open their doors. the surprise bonus is that it has allowed Africans to believe in themselves. rural Phokeng. It took an opening whistle to do that. At a rock concert in Soweto the night before the opening game. "Can you feel it?" he exclaimed. But for a month. Jul. After a few moments of hesitation. asking if there was anywhere they could have a beer. but making the continent's case in print was not the same as banishing the ingrained doubt from my mind.

If there were an equivalent place where men could wear robes and do all the stuff they wanted. I. as I'd always suspected. it's just that they do to everyone else." She had forgotten that a spa is a giant sarcasm vacuum. This was when I began to realize how unfair the place was. But when I called to tell her about her present. soft bed. I was wrong. my mom took us to an aromatherapy class. We took the class. found that it was actually plenty of food if I simply kept ordering things until I was full.S. two suitcases and the words. being a guy who likes musicals and a nice tea service. From the moment I arrived. All around the beautiful grounds. I had figured that. smiling blankly and sipping from glasses of herbal iced tea. "I am safe.My mom is not a master of subtlety. Though kicking your sister under the table works better. five different times. If you've never seen a spreadsheet filled over and over with the words spa appointment and yoga. It turns out you can actually convey anger through watercolor. At dinner. I'd fit in fine at a spa. one of the top U. I didn't want any spa treatments since I can't understand the point of having someone touch me and then not having sex with them. I interpreted the phrase "85 calories" to mean "order three. that the only thing she really wanted for her 65th birthday was to go away to a spa for her first time." This helps women sleep? It freaked me out. Weirder still. it would be shut down by the police and sprinkled with holy water. Did you know that you could make your own body lotions with olive oil and essential oils? Or that inhaling . At the spa. it's only change. I felt more masculine than I ever had. Because in the perfect world they have set up. I learned that when women relax. So when she said. My mom and sister went off to do stuff like essential rose body wraps and Japanese adzuki-bean treatments. my mom and my sister woke me at 8 so we could get started on our spreadsheet. they get way too open to new ideas. spas. Panicked since I had already made the arrangements. That women all secretly want to run away from their husbands? Worse yet. despite all the open grass and the huge clear lake. I offered to bring my sister Lisa." As I headed toward my huge. So I got us a reservation at the Lake Austin Spa Resort. thinking they were my mom. I couldn't figure out what it meant. then you don't know how desperately we need to turn this economy around. Then Lisa. I discovered on the pillow not a mint or a chocolate but a weird little coaster with a painting of a woman with short hair. no one was using any of it to compete against one another. And those counts were dangerously low. Later. "Just the two of us?" I did not know it was possible to creep your own mother out. "Yeah. It's not that all 60-ish women look the same in a robe and flip-flops. I learned that. who is an out-of-work lawyer. do women want to cut off their hair? The next day. women hate themselves. long earrings. I was able to riddle out that she wanted to go away to a spa. the menu comes with calories listed next to every item. During our three days there. she paused and said. however. I would walk up to four of these women. started making a spreadsheet of all the activities we would do. women my mom's age floated about in robes. according to Condé Nast Traveler. like that night's watercolor class. Lisa said. I learned quite a bit during the hour-long session. let's sign up for that. When our tour of the hotel ended with an explanation that we needed to sign up for certain events.

"Life is simple and easy. will not cause you to pass out and escape the rest of the class? That night." Which freaked me out even more. each wondering. against the advice of your instructor. And I saw a lot of them. Because what it was really saying is that life is hard and complicated and then you die. Still. to varying degrees of accuracy. . The next day. "I listen with love to my body's messages. hot tub and steam room. I gingerly approached the spa. deep tones. I saw the first two men that I had seen in three days. Partly because my pillow placard said. possibly on a horse. my pillow offered a painting of a guy on a horse and the mantra. if the other ones were gay. And I didn't care. My mind blanked. my body relaxed. I momentarily understood why women come to places like this. Then I realized I was just dehydrated. The three of us said "Hi!" in fake. I slept well that night. At some point during all that." Which was to drive four miles to get a rack of baby back ribs.lavender essential oil directly. I walked into the men's side and spent two hours rotating between the sauna. while my mom and sister got their eyebrows shaped and their makeup advised.

There's no better way to see America.. and I remember thinking. I avoided the hassle of the airport and the maniacs on the highways.S. and improve the competitiveness and convenience of the U. Door to door. highway deaths and dependence on oil from foreign thugs or the blackened Gulf. This is why the Obama Administration is launching high-speed rail in the U. you wouldn't have to worry about the weather or some Icelandic volcano canceling . You wouldn't have to get to the airport ridiculously early. the Chrysler bailout. as well as improved Amtrak lines that will still go far slower than bullets but will more consistently go faster than oaks. 19. turn off your phone or pay extra for luggage. the rabbi advised us to stay off the road if we wanted to stay married — slow-speed rail is a tough sell. take off your shoes. In the dining car. for the next half hour. will get billions to test the notion that the U. Even for car haters like my wife and me — at our wedding (in a train station). global warming. Jul.NATION All Aboard? By MICHAEL GRUNWALD / ORLANDO Monday. our train stopped in the middle of a classic old-Florida ranch. The plans envision a national network of 13 high-speed corridors. bullet trains like the ones already zipping through Europe and Asia. jump-start a new domestic manufacturing industry. At one point. even though it won't provide much short-term stimulus. Unfortunately. gas-guzzling SUVs with ludicrously rugged names. which would relieve road and air congestion. is ready to take the train Christopher Morris for TIME I rode a train from Miami to Orlando — and I liked it. car alarms that go off at 3 a. 2010 Some routes. including Miami to Orlando in just two hours. we remained beside that oak tree. The goal is to create attractive alternatives to long drives and short flights. the entire journey took 10 hours for a trip I usually drive in four. I did some phone interviews.S.S. alongside a majestic oak dripping with Spanish moss. a gradual effort to transform the way we travel. the Toyota scandal and other by-products of our automotive culture.h. And most Americans aren't car haters. I enjoyed a chat over lasagna with a train buff who shared my aversions to traffic jams. reduce carbon emissions. it wasn't Amtrak's fault the people weren't funny. it's a long-term legacy initiative modeled on the interstate-highway system. President Obama inserted the first $8 billion for high-speed rail into last year's stimulus bill. but taxis to and from the stations cost twice that. create jobs. My seat cost only $36. I relaxed in a comfortable seat with Shaq-worthy legroom. economy. like this one between Tampa and Orlando. exurban sprawl.m.: so that Americans can ride sleek 220-m.p. read a book about the Compromise of 1850 and watched Funny People on my laptop.

p. earned him the nickname Amtrak Joe — to announce high-speed grants for 31 states." But none of the high-speed networks operating in nations like Japan and Germany or under construction everywhere from Brazil to Turkey rely exclusively on top-of-the-line bullet trains. to slice 90 minutes off trips between Chicago and St. how do you get it?" But while $8 billion is more than four times the annual federal subsidy for Amtrak. Obama aides say. with Vice President Biden — whose daily train rides between Washington and Wilmington. And for all the hype about the new new thing. and Spain expects to complete a more than $200 billion system the same year in a country the size of Texas. And at a time when our national credit card is already maxed out. Columbus and Cincinnati at an average speed of only 39 m. Biden said he couldn't imagine an efficient transportation system in a carbon-constrained world without high-speed rail: "Tell me. overall trip times and reliability matter more than top speeds. Most will provide only incremental improvements to an embarrassingly outdated system. track straightening and other upgrades to existing Amtrak lines nationwide — has sparked intense debates even among rail advocates. this is really about improving all kinds of intercity train service — not only Amtrak but also the venerable freight railroads that share its tracks and haul 43% of our intercity cargo.your trip. than to build a new superfast line.h.h. Louis." Obama said in his State of the Union address. find parking or pull over to stretch your legs. but our intercity passenger rail is a global joke. rail has displaced air as the dominant mode between New York City and Washington — but even there.h.5 billion for sundry bridge and tunnel repairs. Yes. the distribution of the Obama money — $3. he visited Tampa. massive investments in infrastructure would be needed to produce even modest reductions in trip times. you wouldn't risk arrest or an accident by drinking or texting. Mo. Our freight rail system is world-class. share track with slow-moving freight and can never exceed 110 m. it is just one-eighth of last year's federal spending on highways.. — first achieved by American trains 180 years ago — qualify as "high speed"? It's true that most of Obama's initial rail investments don't match his grandiose high-speed-rail rhetoric. Why spread cash around the country like peanut butter instead of targeting a few showcase projects? Shouldn't the seed money go to game-changing new bullet routes rather than help for old Amtrak lines that bleed cash.p.p. and a top speed of 79 m.. A more honest description would be "higher-speed rail. this down payment is only a tiny fraction of what's needed to establish a competitive new mode of travel. Meanwhile.5 billion to start new lines for bullet trains in Florida and California. Yes. plus $4. You wouldn't have to watch the road. where Acela trains — now with wi-fi! — already reach speeds of 150 m. Fla. most Amtrak routes need subsidies. "There's no reason Europe or China should have the fastest trains.p.h. by removing choke points and boosting speeds to 110 m. Yes. but average only half that? And how exactly does Ohio's proposed 3-C corridor linking Cleveland.h. Del. the broad distribution of grants had obvious political overtones. wait in traffic. The next day. the dense Northeast corridor looks like train heaven — in Acela's first decade. In an interview. and our metropolitan areas are embracing commuter rail. but . It's more cost-effective. Anyway.. China plans to invest more than $300 billion in high-speed rail by 2020.p. but so do most roads and airports.? Why not focus on Amtrak's popular and profitable service between Boston and Washington.

" says Federal Railroad Administrator Joe Szabo. the head of Florida's high-speed-rail advocacy group. So when Obama wanted a quick success. Democratic chair of the rail subcommittee. That's why I rode Amtrak's Silver Star to Orlando. not when you have to drive to the station on one end and rent a car or hail a cab at the other. carrying water for the foreign trainmakers who pay its steep membership fees and attend its pricey events. The Tampa-Orlando line will go out to bid soon. It's a tourist mecca. "We're giving birth.25 billion to start connecting downtown Tampa to the Orlando airport is that this is the nation's most shovel-ready bullet-train project. Texas. It's flat. Tampa-Orlando looked perfect. you can't get into Harvard if you're flunking high school. but the notoriously dysfunctional Florida legislature met for a special session. attracting millions of foreigners who ride trains at home. undermining Amtrak to push its pipe dream of a gigantic new supertrain network nearly half the length of the interstates. But it's the starter project that will help define what high speed means in America. reversed itself on commuter rail and created a high-speed-rail fund. Veteran rail advocates dismiss it as a latecomer to the high-speed bandwagon. Georgia and New York had ignored similar threats. South Korean and Japanese bullet trains and cool video of a French train traveling a record 357 m. if they land contracts.S. broke off our chat in mid-sentence and raced off to introduce herself. It's densely populated.p. "Las Vegas oddsmakers would've given a billion to 1. The Florida Experiment The year-old ushsr is one of those Washington lobbying groups that pop up whenever multibillion-dollar initiatives are born. Florida is in many ways an ideal high-speed launching pad. But last year Florida's GOP-controlled legislature blocked a plan for a new Orlando-area commuter rail and slashed funding for a Miami-area line. It was no accident that the conference was held across the street from the future location of one of Orlando's high-speed stations or that its headliners were two key Florida Representatives: John Mica." Not even the first bullet route. and Corrine Brown. But more than 300 business types showed up at its shindig at the Orlando Hilton. the state has nearly all the necessary land and permits. It's a relatively short. it wouldn't get high-speed-rail money. with short distances between major cities. an executive was telling me about her company's expansion plans when she spied the director of Florida's program across the room. But the main reason Florida is getting $1.h. Spanish. And it's a swing state.h. a Tampa-Orlando link opening in 2015. which means low construction costs and no tunnels. High Speed Rail Association (USHSR) was holding a conference — and the scent of money was in the air. At one point. . the Tampa-Orlando trains will actually travel up the I-4 median.p. will be the kind of state-of-the-art wow machine that Obama and Biden have promoted. When I asked a lobbyist I recognized what he was doing there. flew to Orlando and warned that if Florida didn't get its act together on commuter rail.S. Thirty foreign firms have pledged to manufacture in the U." marvels Ed Turanchik. especially around its bellwether I-4 corridor. and investor Carl Icahn has launched an American start-up to compete.high-speed rail needs broad political support to survive. There was just one problem. As one official put it. he grinned and rubbed his thumb against two fingers. ranking Republican on the House Transportation Committee. High-speed rail works when it's connected to nearby public transit. "and that can be messy and painful. So Obama's blunt Transportation Secretary. 84-mile stretch with a fast but not blinding top speed of 168 m. and vendors are desperate to snag a piece of that action. where the U. Ray LaHood. where they saw cool models of German.

80-year-old electrical systems and 60-year-old trains that travel slow and arrive late. "It's in my district. is a former conductor on Chicago's commuter rail. You just walk on the train. while braving the traffic on the interstate can take twice that. he turned red." Mica says the only high-speed grants worthy of the name went to California. People are tired of the congestion. Then it would give tourists who might want to see Miami's South Beach as well as Orlando's Epcot — and us locals who have to make the trip to see the in-laws — an alternative to the schlep of the highways or the 77 daily flights between Central and South Florida. "We need to pick routes that make sense. ." LaHood said. and LaHood has embraced it with the fervor of a convert. I should be as happy as a hog eating trash." Mica says. and if he seems unenthusiastic about the new bullet train in his backyard. since most U." Mica told me. But the real prize would be extending the line to Miami. But there would be five stops — including one in sparse Polk County. we'll end up scratching fleas. To understand the Administration's vision beyond bullet trains. Everyone has a horror story about flying too. "You can't have real high-speed rail if you're stopping all the time. "If we pick dogs. Chief of staff Rahm Emanuel is another rail-friendly Chicago guy. Tampa-Orlando is supposed to be only one step in a long journey toward a more balanced. and this is pretty marginal. Mica sees Amtrak as a rat hole that loses money on every ticket it sells outside the lucrative Northeast corridor. flip open your laptop — it's nice!" Transportation Secretaries don't usually talk like that." he fumed. "It's just a stunning about-face. He used to describe them as "slow-speed trains to nowhere" until his Midwestern colleagues complained. is an affable guy. One aide said he probably rode more trains in an average week than Amtrak basher George W. more than half to a stop at Disney World. But the land has yet to be purchased. flight delays are at New York City airports. But there's a New Urbanist tilt to this Administration. it helps to visit the Windy City. Now he calls them "costly slow-speed trains to somewhere." Mica says. where voters have already approved $9 billion in bonds to connect Los Angeles to San Francisco in less than three hours. the man in charge of the grants.. "This is a new vision. "It's schizophrenic. especially when they used to send highway pork to their Illinois constituents. less dangerous transportation network. Mica voted against the stimulus. He's equally critical of the paltry grants for the Northeast. The entire route would take less than an hour." He said it was Mica who invited him to Orlando to push commuter rail and later thanked him for saving Florida's high-speed bid.S. I'm not a happy camper. But we need a real success. more sustainable. And Szabo. Ultimately. Like every other House Republican." LaHood.The Tampa-Orlando line is expected to attract 2 million riders a year. and the estimated cost has ballooned to more than $42 billion in an already overextended state — so Florida is the high-speed showcase for now. "If high-speed rail gets hijacked by our existing Soviet-style train system. a former Republican Congressman from Peoria. "We can't just keep building more highways that turn into parking lots. Ill. prompting talk of a sixth. as an antiquated system with 100-year-old bridges and tunnels. he's downright irked by the Amtrak upgrades elsewhere." Whatever. LaHood sees Tampa-Orlando as an opportunity to knit together two booming cities relatively quickly and cheaply so Americans can see bullet trains zipping past bumper-to-bumper traffic along I-4. "We did everything he asked!" he said. but when I related Mica's critique of Obama's rail surge. home of several influential politicians — and none would link up with Orlando's new commuter trains. the route isn't set. Obama came of age in Chicago. Bush rode in his life.

a cross-country train out of California can take as long to get through Chicago as it takes to get to Chicago. freights pay the entire cost of their tracks — and local property taxes to boot. The "Englewood Flyover" should save suburbanites more than 20 minutes a day on their commutes.000 freight cars come out of storage. One reason it loses money is that members of Congress refuse to let it drop unprofitable routes through their districts for fear of a backlash. So while there are potential pitfalls for freights in high-speed rail — including the threat of stiff fines if on-time targets aren't met — there is mostly opportunity. even old-fashioned track intersections known as diamonds. you're going to make trains more attractive and take cars and trucks off the road. and as the economy picks up and 400. if you speed up freight. Long-distance rail is cheaper. ease chronic Amtrak delays and start untangling the spaghetti bowl of convoluted tracks that carry one-third of the nation's freight through Greater Chicago. Right now. where passenger rail rocks but sketchy freight rail leaves highways clogged with trucks. My train to Orlando took so long because of that half hour beside the oak. "but if you take out enough pinch points. I visited one of the nation's worst blockages. The industry made some regrettable decisions to scrap tracks in the past. "It's not sexy. not people. passenger trains move faster too. expanding bridges in Missouri. And boxcars don't vote. sharp curves. lumber and steel across the country was delayed at least 40 minutes.Higher-Speed Rail The way to go fast. and while trucks help pay for roads through gas taxes. the U. But it has steadily gained ridership — it's on pace for an all-time high in 2010 — and it has a loyal following. but it now invests one-fifth of its annual revenues — more than the entire high-speed program — to upgrade its tracks and equipment. That's why the high-speed-rail grants include $133 million for an overpass that will replace the diamond. Almost all of Amtrak's tracks are owned by freight lines. "We're just happy to see attention paid to the . plus several stretches where I could have jogged at higher speeds. corn syrup. Warren Buffett didn't pay $34 billion for the Burlington Northern Santa Fe on a whim. and they're riddled with time-sucking choke points: grade crossings. when the government-owned corporation was created to take over the railroads' money-losing passenger routes — and was assured top priority on their tracks. Still. railroaders say. congestion hot spots and outdated bridges that require slow speeds for safety. one Norfolk Southern freight train hauling grain. By contrast. a diamond in Chicago's Englewood section that jams 78 commuter trains against 60 Amtrak and freight trains every day. The result is gridlock. long single-track stretches that force trains to wait for oncoming traffic. the high-speed program has already improved a rocky relationship that began in 1971. like an intersection in the middle of an interstate. starved of funding for basic maintenance and neglected by Presidents of both parties. most Americans think of freight trains not as efficient and self-sufficient engines of our economy and conveyors of our stuff but as horn-blasting irritants that make us wait at crossings." says Szabo. the congestion will only intensify. the focus is on similar workaday projects to add capacity and subtract choke points: overhauling tracks and signals in Illinois. Amtrak has been ridiculed for spotty service and dreadful reliability. I arrived well after rush hour but still saw a logjam. Unlike Europe and Asia. replacing hand-thrown switches with automated crossovers in Iowa and adding sidings that will help faster trains pass laggards all over the region.S. safer and much more fuel-efficient than long-haul trucking. is to stop going slow. Throughout the Midwest. In short. is geared for hauling cargo." By aligning the interests of Amtrak and freights.

which can boost ridership even more than increasing speed. "We don't even make trains anymore. To a lifelong rail advocate like former presidential candidate Michael Dukakis. Airlines have been merging." For Amtrak. Last year. high-speed rail will flop. That's what railroads do.S. increase our competitiveness.5" lapel pin.benefits of rail. uncertainties about the future are limited not just to trains. At go-kart speeds.000 people out there laying tracks between Beijing and Guangzhou. mitigate congestion. "I think the last time a President talked about rail in the State of the Union was Lincoln!" he said. To Amtrak CEO Joseph Boardman." he griped. It's nuts!" Wanted: Options Without a sustained national commitment. And it's hoping to shed its reputation as a railroad on a shoestring. even though we don't like paying for gas — or cleaning up oil spills. double our exports. the outlook for fuel prices is volatile at best. "But look. although GOP leaders in both states are pushing to turn down the federal aid. "It's unbelievable that there are 100. who rode the subway to work as Massachusetts governor. it's un-American that many of our passenger trains move slower than they did 50 years ago. and our traffic keeps getting worse. president of the Association of American Railroads. But the estimates for a national network have ranged as high as $1 trillion. the $400 million to start Ohio's 3-C service would be a laughable waste. Similarly. cut emissions." Dukakis says. we'd still be two centuries away." Ed Hamberger. the high-speed program is an even bigger opportunity — critics would say a backdoor bailout. but as Obama noted in Tampa. that even Saudi Arabia and Russia are ahead of us. What's certain is that the high-speed initiative reflects a vision of America's future. It's increasing frequency in North Carolina and Oregon. We give our kids trains sets and let them watch Thomas the Tank Engine. and House leaders have proposed an additional $50 billion over six years. Amtrak is adding new service in Wisconsin and Ohio. Even with a China-style commitment. Maybe frequent driving and flying still seem tolerable today. "We need to replace our entire fleet. the state of his railroad is a national disgrace. high-speed rail could flop in the U. "There's been a total focus on aviation and highways in this country. because each rail job supposedly creates 4. It's pathetic!" . Most of the regional corridors have the distances and densities that experts recommend. but alone it's basically an expensive commuter line and Disney shuttle. after Bush tried to slash its budget to zero. even though we complain about flying a lot. Then again. He was wearing a "4. they might not in a decade. he wore a "436" pin. The federal highway fund went broke last year. and we've just been putzing around for years. Obama wants to save energy.5 other jobs. we're still a nation of car people.5 billion to expand high-speed rail in 2010. but it's not clear if we're ready for a major cultural shift. told me. We fly a lot too. that China will soon have more high-speed mileage than the rest of the world combined. it will never draw drivers off the highways. Congress did approve $2. so at our current spending rate. when fuel prices were the big issue. As a one-off investment. It's defensible only as a first step toward competitive speeds. charging for everything from carry-ons to bathrooms and canceling flights that aren't full. Tampa-Orlando makes sense as the first leg of Tampa-Miami. because trains can move a ton 436 miles per gallon.

500 workers in the past month. Texas. . Gulf Coast. He's in town to cash in on what has recently become — and will probably be for a while — the area's biggest industry: oil-spill cleanup. But it's clear that we don't have one now. But it's mostly about what you don't have when you're stuck behind a jackknifed tractor trailer or when your flight is canceled for no good reason: options. It's unclear exactly how many Americans would ride on a truly competitive intercity rail system. 08.S. Miller's company has laid boom — miles and miles of the floating orange lines that are supposed to contain oil once it rises to the surface. Other teams specialize in processing oil from boats that return from working the slick." Miller Environmental Group. like the Administration's pushes for bike lanes and "livability. Unlike the previous tenant." he says of the Deepwater Horizon spill. has hired nearly 1. The company has a fleet of vessels that suck up oil in shallow waters. for dense downtowns with a train station on Main Street over sprawl roads to exurbia. Miss. And like everyone else working the spill. Cleaning Up on the Oil Spill: Who's Making Money? By STEPHEN GANDEL Thursday. based in New York. Mark Miller set up shop in a vacant Kia auto dealership in Pascagoula. he's not selling cars. It has crews in Florida and Mississippi cleaning up beaches and marshes. Miller has been in the environmental-remediation business for 39 years. It's true that the high-speed-rail program is an investment in a metropolitan future. "It's a huge event. 2010 A Miller environmental team scour Mississippi's sands for beached oil. so that they don't contaminate water around the docks or upstream. "I'm very happy with the work I have. — an oceanfront city near the middle of the U. It's about trying to improve on the freedom of the open road. the high-speed effort is emblematic of a Dukakis-style urban-elitist dream of a Europeanized America. and 2010 will likely be his best. Jul. a vote for Chicago over Crawford." not to mention organic gardens and universal health care. Daymon Gardner for TIME In mid-May.To critics. constraining the American ethic of limitless possibilities with wonky studies about carbon emissions and freight efficiency. though.

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The chemical company Nalco of Naperville. That's just the retainer. was about $11 million last year. Wall Street analysts have estimated that BP will spend $14 billion to $23 billion on the cleanup alone. enough to keep MSRC and its fleet ready to respond. When a spill happens. for instance. (MSRC).000 gal. Its closest competition. MSRC has about $90 million in revenue. . crews. BP won't benefit directly from the banner year it has created for MSRC. (64 m) long and capable of siphoning up to 4. BP's portion. oil to sustain it. which BP has used heavily to break up oil in the water — up from about $2 million in typical annual sales. the giant oil companies formed their own response unit. MSRC doesn't typically make a lot of money. publicly traded disposal company. National Response Corp. In the Gulf. Clean Harbors of Norwell. to satisfy the new regulations. BP is already looking at a bill of at least $24 million from MSRC — nearly as much as MSRC booked in services with all the oil companies in 2007 and '08 combined. Most of it comes from annual dues the oil companies pay.000 workers on contract at times during the past two months. Marine Spill Response Corp. oil companies have to pay up. The large skimmers alone cost as much as $40. with two more on the way. the spill is an economic calamity as well. but a portion of what it pays the company will be credited against future annual dues. the most expensive ever at the time. typically focuses on tanker spills. Waste Management of Houston. It has 250 full-time employees in the Gulf and has had as many as 7. It adds up to a windfall for the dozens of companies that can provide ships.3 billion in cleanup and legal costs after the 1989 Exxon Valdez spill in Alaska. because big spills are rare. The Gulf disaster will easily eclipse that. Exxon spent $4. an airplane to drop dispersant on the slick and a fleet of smaller vessels to deploy boom or move workers. The company also has two oil barges in the region to store the collected oil. one of Miller's larger competitors. The company set to get the biggest piece of that pie is a little-known firm set up in part by BP. With 10 skimmers active for much of the past two months. the federal government put in place regulations mandating that all oil and oil-shipping companies have spill-response plans and teams of workers on staff or on retainer ready to clean a spill. Instead of staffing up or hiring other firms to do the work. equipment and expertise. BP alone doesn't decide where the money goes. Perhaps unsurprisingly. And for a region that counts on fishing.000 per day to operate.The oil spill that has been contaminating the Gulf of Mexico for more than two months is a nearly unequaled environmental catastrophe. An estimated 45. BP has already put aside $20 billion in an escrow account to cover future damage claims. has been hired by BP to cart away and landfill contaminated sand and other oily waste. estimates it will sell $40 million worth of the dispersant Corexit.. a large.. tourism and. is expected to generate $300 million in sales from the Gulf spill in the next year alone. 20 years later. the nonprofit MSRC has become the largest company in the oil-cleanup business. and companies like Miller's are cleaning up by cleaning up. the company works with consultants to form an action plan subject to approval by the Coast Guard and state officials. yes. Despite its relative size in the remediation business. though NRC too has been retained by BP. (15. Mass. In 1990. But disaster is also a business opportunity. MSRC has 10 large skimmer-equipped boats. Ill.000 L) of oil off the water's surface. after the 11 million — gal. In an ordinary year. Each day.000 people are now working on the Gulf cleanup. (42 million L) Exxon Valdez disaster. (NRC). each 210 ft.

despite having spent his life in the environmental-cleanup industry. It's the best year we've ever had." says Benz. which Elastec executives say captures more oil and less seawater than other devices.000 people on its payroll around the Gulf. has spent nearly every day since the end of April in the region. has long been a skeptic of the business. "This event is going to have a substantial impact on the industry. says that with most spills. The skimmers. based in Carmi. six days a week. makes handheld skimmers that lift oil out of the ocean and separate it from water." That means the dollars for Miller and others will continue to flow long after this oil has been mopped up.000 each. Mass. Before the spill. "You have to be careful not to cause more damage than if you just left the oil where it was. Steve Benz. MSRC's CEO.500 incidents a year. (42 L). Elastec's chief financial officer. It's what you might call a spillover effect. Elastec." One of MSRC's largest subcontractors is Clean Harbors. "It's going to be a very good year for them. Scott Metzger.. doling out work to subcontractors as needed. only occasionally heading home to Plymouth. about 11 gal. The company's specialty is a drum-shaped skimmer. who joined MSRC from BP in 1996. "There are going to be opportunities for expansion and more research and development." says Miller. cleaning beaches and marshland. But the BP spill may change all that. The Exxon Valdez spill led to regulations that benefited the spill-response industry. (91. and we will probably exceed that." he says. founded in 1990.350 ft. "Billions and billions of dollars of work will be going to our subcontractors. (13. to "recharge. Some jobs are as small as handling what comes out of a transformer on a utility pole when it overheats. "We have our factory working two 10-hour shifts a day." Even companies far north of the Gulf region are benefiting. The company is rapidly manufacturing more and now has orders for an additional 300." Metzger says his company typically responds to about 2.500 m)." says Jeff Bohleber. there is a need to be more prepared for oil spills.000 m). "Each of these unique environments requires different techniques. Clearly.In addition to operating boats. Elastec/American Marine. especially big ones. It sold out. (280 million to 549 million L) — is the largest Metzger has ever seen. . But the magnitude of the Gulf disaster has flipped that equation. he says. The company has 2. This disaster is likely to as well." Miller. who is heading up Clean Harbors' efforts in the Gulf. MSRC acts as the oil industry's general contractor. along with air tanks to make them work and storage containers for the oil. Besides boom. Ill. his company can handle 80% of the work. Orders are pouring in.. You spend a lot of time waiting around for work. The Gulf spill — the latest estimate puts it at 74 million to 145 million gal. can cost as much as $50. "We are already set to double our typical annual revenue.000 ft. had the largest inventory of oil boom in the country — 44.

Or at least it has been. and you'll be looking for a while. A moment before the tape rolled. ending a show that dominated daytime television in the 1960s and '70s. Soaps shoot some 250 episodes a year. who plays police chief Margo Hughes. the going joke is that you could put together a full episode by looking in enough couches and drawers. the stage manager hustled cameras and boom mikes along to the next set with barely a pause.k. So is infidelity. that sentiment wasn't lost on the cast and crew of the show or on the fans who kept watch outside the warehouse-size studio in far-flung Brooklyn. with millions of viewers tuning in daily to see the latest scandal in the Midwestern hamlet of Oakdale (actually a studio in New York City). an hour by train from the New York City most tourists know. not wanting to waste a second of expensive studio time. Try to find a person who hasn't fallen into a coma. going over the script. It's downright soap-opera-like.858 episodes. It is the last of the soap operas funded by Procter & Gamble." said executive producer Christopher Goutman as he sat in his Emmy-decorated office a floor above the show's soundstage.WORLD Postcard from Oakdale By BARBARA KIVIAT Monday. the company that invented the genre in the 1930s as a way to sell more consumer goods (like soap) to America's housewives. For those who like to call the ends of eras. after 54 years and 13. drugged an acquaintance or been party to a baby switch. Still. As the World Turns went to great lengths to try to make the economics work. 2010 Kathryn Hays. Soap operas have been on the wane for years because of dwindling ratings and how cheap it is to produce alternatives like talk and game shows. "The economic model is from a time capsule. As the World Turns will go off the air. On Sept. 19. shot scenes outside in lieu of building more sets and sped up production to the point where actors didn't even rehearse on set — they simply blocked and filmed. at one of the final tapings of As The World Turns Michael Kirby Smith for TIME The town of Oakdale has seen its share of drama. . Yet the demise of As the World Turns is a milestone. On one of the last days of shooting. Ellen Dolan. it's no match for the TiVo era: daytime shows must now compete against last night's Grey's Anatomy and Glee — and without the benefit of extra income from reruns and DVD sales. That might have to do with the fact that this is a soap opera. During the final days of filming in late June. a. Once the scene was shot.a. Kidnappings are common. she stuffed the paper behind a sofa pillow. a herculean feat unlike anything else in television. Kim Hughes. this is one of them. there are half as many soaps on TV today as there were a decade ago. Jul. 17. one for each weekday. stood in her character's three-walled living room. The show used fewer actors. In recent years.

there was also a lot of wistful rumination about what was being lost — a training ground for young actors (Julianne Moore and Meg Ryan are among the show's alumni). "All these horrible things happen. "The day I realized she wouldn't be there anymore. steady year-round jobs (a rarity in the entertainment industry) and some of the longest running characters in TV history. "You don't have to do any of this alone. That makes her "a newcomer" according to Don Hastings. Kim Hughes. In a scene from the show. after 54 years and 13.The Final Curtain Family Time On September 17. who has played her husband. Talk to loyalists and you quickly see that for all the show's dramatic flair. I started to mourn.But such efforts weren't enough to keep the show afloat. the real draw lies elsewhere. Bob Hughes. As rich girl turned farmwife Lily Snyder tells her son in one of the show's final episodes. fans mailed in bars of soap to protest the cancellation.858 episodes As the World Turns (ATWT) will air its last episode. confides in his parents Holden (Jon Hensley) and Lily (Noelle Beck. Part of it is the comfort of family. "yet these people persevere." As The World Turns . Luke Snyder. Van Hansis." And part of it is an odd yet permeating sense of hope. And so during the normal hubbub of filming in June. after all. for half a century. Eight failed marriages is no reason not to believe in true love. Yet the last days of As the World Turns were also full of celebration." says former co-head writer David Kreizman. whom she's played for 38 years. reminding one cast member of "an old Irish wake. right.) ." There are reasons." said a teary Kathryn Hays about her character. Dr.

who plays the character Molly Conlan.Around Town Maps of the two soundstages that contain the sets for ATWT hang in the writers' room. There are half as many soap operas on the air as there were 10 years ago. . The show dominated daytime television in the 1960s and '70s. with millions of viewers tuning in daily to see the latest scandal in the Midwestern hamlet of Oakdale (actually a studio in New York City). Getting Camera-ready Eldo Ray Estes applies makeup to actress Lesli Kay.

Julianne Moore and Meg Ryan are among the show's alumni. .k. Scene from on High Van Hansis plays Luke Snyder in a scene caught on a boom-mike monitor. Holden Snyder. sits in a patient's room at Oakdale Memorial Hospital.a.Resident Heartthrob Actor Jon Hensley. The show was once a training ground for young actors. a. The market for daytime television soap operas is waning because of dwindling ratings and how cheap it is to produce alternatives like talk and game shows.

Craig Montgomery. . a. one for each weekday. "The economic model is from a time capsule.k. Soaps shoot some 250 episodes a year. playing Luke Snyder. a herculean feat unlike anything else in television. stands in his fictional mother's three-walled living room.a. discusses the show at Al's Diner." the show's executive producer Christopher Goutman said. A Dramatic Day Van Hansis.Coffee Break Between takes. actor Jon Lindstrom.

Daytime shows must now compete against last night's Grey's Anatomy and Glee. who has played Dr. the show will end September 17. Closing Up Shop Head carpenter Greg Saphire exits the set of As the World Turns. . Bob Hughes for 50 years. sits with his script on the hospital set. Despite numerous fans mailing in bars of soaps in protest. without the benefit of extra income from reruns and DVD sales.Bedside Manner Don Hastings.

Since the dam was completed in 2006. As the villages around the Tehri Dam lose their natural springs. The urban areas don't always win. the dam sends drinking water and electricity to Delhi. they represent a crisis that affects not just India's deserts but also water-rich areas like the Gangetic Plain. "Oh. a crisis most apparent in the sacred city of Varanasi. or chief. as water that once sustained small towns and villages is increasingly put in service of big hydroelectric dams." Like any conflict. She scavenges along the rough mountain roads for water while the giant lake created by the dam lies untouched a few hundred meters below on the valley floor. Following the Ganges (known as Ganga to Indians) from the Himalayas to Varanasi. 2010 Hindus bathe in the Ganges at Varanasi. this one has its desperate refugees and its frustrated negotiators. Taken together. how angry they get. hoping to earn enough to feed their five children. the farms of India's powerful rural heartland divert power and water from small cities like Kanpur. locked in low-intensity combat. a decades-long push to clean up the river is gaining momentum and attracting money. the natural spring that once fed Pipola has dried up. Battles like the one in Pipola are festering all over India. Her village.How India's Success Is Killing Its Holy River By Jyoti Thottam / Pipola Monday. 600 miles (965 km) downstream. home to 16 million people. (10 L) brass vessel atop her head and walks to the nearest hand pump. Pipola's elected village pradhan. Pipola. Three months ago. Without enough of either." she says. Virojini Devi's family is one of several in Pipola that had to give up farming for lack of water.5-gal. These competing demands are lowering water levels all along the Ganges. "We have to go to the next village." she says. Kanpur's fight against industrial pollution has become nearly impossible. Jul. 19. where the pollution is finally getting attention Lynsey Addario / VII Network for TIME In a pine-scented Himalayan valley. which bestrides one of the precursors of the Ganges River and is India's largest hydropower project. It's a crisis brought on by India's relentless push to modernize. sits just southeast of the Tehri Dam." she says. fertile farmland nourished by the Ganges and its mighty network of tributaries. the vast. sometimes more. There. Sushila Devi is a reluctant soldier in India's new war over water. she and the other women of Pipola spend two or three hours a day. but it may not be enough to correct the miles of mismanagement upstream. Devi drapes a red sari above her blue eyes. however. her husband left the village to work in a hotel bakery outside of New Delhi. "It's not a permanent solution. They agreed to the plan but so far have delivered nothing but a twice-daily visit from a water tanker. Delhi sucks up not only water but people too — migrants who leave their farms for the city because there isn't enough water to sustain them. met with state officials recently to propose pumping water up from the lake. Several times a day. big cities and big agriculture — the engines of economic growth. Roshini Devi. "Something is not right. . Farther downriver. They fight. There. I saw this tension play out in countless ways. We wait. hoists a 2.

So the residents of Pipola are lobbying Ramesh Pokhriyal. and they feel that shortage acutely. Whatever the cause. If the country increasingly relies on these energy-intensive short-term fixes. the dam formed a reservoir 47 miles (75 km) long that completely submerged the old town of Tehri. the state's capital. if any." The dam wall is 870 ft. he insisted that all the affected villages near the Tehri Dam would be helped "in due course of time. India is under enormous pressure to develop its economic potential while also protecting its environment — something few. He wants to promote adventure sports. I do believe that we have solutions. What India does with its water will be a test of whether that combination is possible. unlike climate change. activists blame damage to the rivers' catchment areas. ayurvedic spas. "Even Switzerland is nothing compared to us. but there may not be enough water in the area's rivers to fill them: water levels are declining across the state. diesel-powered water tankers and coal-fed power plants. has a plan to turn Uttarakhand into an investor-friendly." says Sunita Narain. the dam actually pumps water back upstream and reuses it. To cope with its chronic water shortages. Uttarakhand rushed to hydropowered development so quickly that it went from a power surplus to a power deficit in just the past two years. the policies that can correct them are local and could be put in place immediately. countries have accomplished. Hydropower officials blame climate change. Pokhriyal plans to build 10 more dams over the next few years to fund his vision. There are more than 100 villages like Pipola scattered around the reservoir's rim. chief minister of Uttarakhand state. When I met him in Dehra Dun. Like the causes of water scarcity. the whole planet's climate will bear the consequences. known as Nishank ("he who is without doubt"). eco-friendly mountain paradise. If the country fails to keep up with the water needs of its growing cities. (265 m) high — taller than the Hoover Dam — and when completed. India employs electric groundwater pumps. political agitation — like the recent controversies over Coca-Cola's use of groundwater in rural communities in southern and western India — will become more frequent and river-sharing negotiations with India's neighbors Pakistan and Bangladesh more tense." Pokhriyal says. On the day I visited. the Tehri Dam hasn't come close to delivering the amount of power or water that was expected. But the dam is also a stark example of how quickly a place with abundant water resources can turn into one plagued by shortage. along with heavy industry. Dammed and Damned The Tehri Dam is the grandest fulfillment of Jawaharlal Nehru's hope that dams would be the "temples of modern India. The villages can't get water from the lake itself — the walls of the reservoir are the exposed sides of a blasted mountain made of loose gravel too steep to climb — and the construction of the dam has disrupted the underground sources of the area's natural springs. Capital Waste From the Tehri Dam." Finding solutions matters not just to those who live along India's riverbanks. Pokhriyal." The local water shortage is a minor obstacle to his much larger ambitions for the state. "In spite of the fact that our rivers really need to be cremated. those cities will be unable to sustain the robust economic growth that has become a magnet for global investment. To meet demand for power. the Upper Ganga Canal channels clean drinking water 121 miles (194 km) . for a pumping station. about which I'm not at all despondent. one of India's most influential environmentalists. organic food and spiritual tourism. "Water is an issue. it was running at 25% capacity.The good news is that India's rivers can still be saved. Without sensible water policies.

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Kanpur does not have clean drinking water delivered from upstream. and their wastewater flows into open drains. The privileged parts of central Delhi get as much as 132 gal.downstream to the nation's capital. .5 million gal. Delhi loses about half the water it gets to leakage. so by the time the river reaches Kanpur. And so in Delhi. making it the biggest city between Delhi and Kolkata. Thanks to this bounty and supplies from its own river. but Delhi has failed to invest in underground sewer lines to keep pace. director of the Centre for Science and the Environment. from both decaying pipes and theft. pollution and high real estate prices. Another is sanitation. Delhi's leaders are considering building a new system of sewers.8 billion L) of untreated wastewater into the river every day. As a result. two additional canals along the Ganges divert water to farmers in the powerful rural areas." Very few of the city's residents experience that abundance. But there isn't enough water in the reservoir. as in Tehri. It was a huge garrison town for the British army and then grew into a major producer of leather goods. As Sunita Narain. but it would help pay for sewers and give those who have plenty of water an incentive to use less. But closing tanneries just pushed them farther downstream. and what's left isn't evenly distributed. But unlike the capital. Kanpur has the most widespread water poverty of any major Indian city: a third of its residents get by on less than 13 gal. "Delhi is a pampered city. Kanpur was as important as Delhi. others get only 8 gal. (50 L) per day. The capital has spent more than $325 million on river-cleanup schemes. (30 million L) a day of wastewater contaminated with chromium and other chemical by-products. The city's leading environmental crusader. The city's population has exploded by 60% since 1995. was meant to ease chronic water shortages by using supplies from the Tehri Dam. it is unable to support any but the smallest aquatic life. Rakesh Jaiswal. but they have little effect when the city empties 475. to more than 3. the Yamuna. It would be unpopular.2 million. The Sonia Vihar pumping station. His legal battle with the tanneries resulted in the closure of 127 egregious polluters in 1998. has shifted his energy toward getting them to pay for their own wastewater treatment rather than expect the city or state to foot the bill. (1. so Jaiswal. which opened in 2006. 51. plus the special burden of the tanneries: 8 million gal. it is already depleted. (530 million L) per day for the past two years. Growth has generated the usual urban ills: traffic. Torrent of Toxins In the 19th century. Kanpur's wastewater-treatment system is chronically inadequate. Instead. (250 L) per person per day — comparable to the amount consumed in much of Europe. Like Delhi. puts it. Kanpur's 400 tanneries still make up its largest industry. is worn out from a two-decade case against tannery pollution. Delhi's water inequity is one of the many widening gaps between rich and poor in this booming city. (30 L). The population has grown by 60% since 1990. but Narain says raising the price of water is a more urgently needed fix. More than 6 million people remain unconnected to any sewer line (mainly because they live in unauthorized housing settlements). When the Yamuna River leaves Delhi. the poor line up at municipal water tankers and hand pumps. Delhi enjoys a water availability of 66 gal. (500 L) of water per capita per day. and Sonia Vihar has been operating below its expected capacity of 140 million gal.

Jaiswal has found an unlikely ally in Imran Siddiqui, director of one of Kanpur's oldest and largest tanneries. Super Tannery is in the heart of Kanpur's traditional leather district, called Jajmau. Pony carts still carry hides along the cobblestone streets nearby, but this factory is a huge beneficiary of the global economy. It makes nearly 5,000 pairs of shoes a day for export to the U.S., Europe and Australia, worth $39 million a year. Siddiqui is proud of its success, but he wants to rid his industry of its bad reputation. He recently took 11 other tannery executives on a trip to Italy to show them how that country's 10,000 tanneries thrive despite strict regulations. When their treated wastewater enters the Arno River, Siddiqui says, "it is crystal clear." Convinced that Kanpur can do the same, he submitted a $76 million proposal to the central government that would include everything from a centralized effluent pipeline to an off-site landfill for recovered chrome. Tanners would pay according to the amount of wastewater they produce, giving them an incentive to use fewer chemicals and less water. "The government has to be strict," he says. Jaiswal should be heartened by this enthusiasm and by the central government's approval of $250 million in water and sewer improvements for the city. But he worries that even if Kanpur cleans up its stretch of the Ganges, it can't increase the amount of water flowing into the city from other, more politically important places upstream. "If things continue as they are," he says, "in the next five years, there will be no Ganga in Kanpur." An Unholy Mess By the time the Ganges reaches Varanasi, India's holiest city, the river has been somewhat restored by several tributaries. This influx helps dilute the impact of pollution, and there is enough water to carry boatloads of Hindu pilgrims who come to offer prayers in this temple town of 1.3 million. Even so, water levels have fallen steeply: the Ganges once had an average depth of about 197 ft. (60 m) around Varanasi, but in some places it is now only 33 ft. (10 m). Upstream there are stretches where the Ganges has disappeared completely. The blame, again, goes to Nehru's secular temple. "A significant change happened after Tehri [was built]," says chemical engineer S.N. Upadhyay, one of the first scientists to document the steady decline of the river's health. The river has its own natural capacity to treat waste: dissolved oxygen in a healthy river digests bacteria. The Hindu belief that the Ganges always remains pure, that it can heal itself, has some basis in science. But the combination of a rising pollution load and falling water levels makes that process much harder. The gap between the amount of sewage produced in Varanasi and the amount treated has steadily widened and now stands at 50 million gal. (189 million L) per day, nearly all of which flows through open drains into the Ganges. Upadhyay is angry that Delhi is being allowed to grow unchecked, to the detriment of every other part of the Ganges River Basin. In the competition between the megacity and the holy city, Upadhyay says, "Delhi is winning, of course." Ironically, Varanasi's problems with river pollution are finally getting the attention of politicians in the capital. In February, the Indian government committed $4 billion to clean up the Ganges, including funds to build and provide backup power for enough sewage-treatment plants to meet Varanasi's expected needs in 2030. The central government is also funding a pilot project for a series of treatment ponds that use bacteria to digest waste and can be run with minimal power.

Those ponds will be the fulfillment of 28 years of single-minded advocacy by Veer Bhadra Mishra, one of the Ganges' best-known protectors. When he founded the Clean Ganga movement, the solution to Varanasi's problems seemed obvious: build more sewage-treatment plants. That proved to be folly. More than a dozen plants were built but failed to function properly because the electricity supply was unreliable. So Mishra, 72, used his unique credentials — he is the chief priest of the 400-year-old Sankat Mochan temple and a professor of hydraulic engineering at the local university — to push for creative ways to clean the river. "We say that if the river doesn't have water, then the river dies," he says. "And with it, the story of Ganga will be over." Acknowledging that the Ganges is polluted means believing that it can be polluted, an idea many devout Hindus once refused to accept. But Mishra's influence has changed attitudes. Now people strictly observe the rule against bathing with soap in the river, and there are no longer plastic bags full of marigold offerings floating on its surface. And all along the river, there is a new mantra, "minimum dry-weather flow," as engineers and policymakers have begun to realize that quantity is as important as quality to the river's health. Not even the devout deny the plight of the Ganges now. But there is another belief in India that is a much greater danger: the notion that economic growth can raise incomes and living standards without limit or consequence. Water may be a renewable resource, but it is not boundless. As rivers and springs are depleted, Indians increasingly rely on groundwater for their household needs; it is already the largest user of groundwater in the world, consuming more than 25% of the global total. Still, as the new water-management plans in Delhi, Kanpur and Varanasi suggest, all is not lost. India's planners are finally realizing that dams, canals, water taps and sewer lines are as connected to one another as rivers are to the glaciers, rain and groundwater that feed them. About 50 miles (80 km) from the Tehri Dam, I met Ambrish Sharma, executive engineer of a small dam at Dakpathar Barrage and a proponent of this new thinking. Sharma is as passionate about preserving forest cover to recharge the rivers as he is about the need for hydropower. "We should do everything," he says. He is not willing to give up on dams altogether. Done correctly, hydropower is a clean, renewable source of energy that India has in abundance, and Sharma has seen the alternative. Before coming to Uttarakhand, Sharma worked at a coal-fired plant in the western deserts of Rajasthan. The worst part of the job, he says, was watching the coal. One 250-MW boiler burns more than 150 tons of coal in an hour. "It's good to work in hydropower," he says simply. Sharma finishes this story and smiles as we are served two glasses of water on a tray. "It's untreated water from the Yamuna," he says, the same water that leaves the dam. We drink, and it tastes divine.

Holy Water: Controversy on the Ganges

At the Source In Devprayag, India, two rivers join to form the Ganges, and the story of a nation struggling to come of age.

Passionate Defender Environmentalist Sunderlal Bahuguna, 83, spearheaded a movement against the Tehri Dam, which bestrides one of the precursors of the Ganges River and is India's largest hydropower project.

" The dam wall is 870 ft. . making it taller than the Hoover Dam. New Tehri The town was created after the dam submerged the old town and residents were evacuated to a new location. farmers abandon their trade for the city because there isn't enough water to sustain them. is the grandest fulfillment of Jawaharlal Nehru's hope that dams would be the 'temples of modern India. completed in 2006.Grand Purpose Tehri Dam. (265 m) high. As the villages around the Tehri Dam lose their natural springs.

Modern Conveniences A shop in New Tehri. a man-made canal carries clean drinking water 121 miles (195 km) downstream to New Delhi and its 16 million inhabitants. Capital Water From the dam. boasts a fridge and a TV. . not far from a massive dam on the Ganges.

Magnet for Believers Like many other towns and cities along the river. .Hard Life A worker near Rishikesh. a city on the Ganges that many Hindus visit on pilgrimage. Devprayag is a place of pilgrimage for Hindus.

.Water World Old Tehri is now submerged. only the ruins of the palace are visible when the water level in the lake is low.

who deserves equal. Fannie Lou Hamer. the Bad. I wonder why anyone would want to be involved in engineering and science in the present time? Certainly not for the money. I enjoyed your special issue on Edison. N.E. Chief Joseph. the Ugly Re TIME's special issue on Thomas Edison [July 5]: Jill Jonnes tries her best to glamorize Edison. CARROLLTON. you have focused exclusively on white American males. spreading disinformation and hyping the electric chair. His propaganda campaign on the "dangers" of AC. In fact. and I call for conscientiousness among thought leaders on the need for immigration reform and policies that respect these contributions. included publicly electrifying animals to death. Wells. ORE.B. but he did not "reluctantly" give in to the AC powering system. Casey Cantrell. Anne Hutchinson or Ida B. As chair of the 30-member Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus and a child of the internment camps. Seriously Not Funny I was disappointed to see Joel Stein's "My Own Private India" fuel anti-immigrant sentiment at the dawn of invigorated congressional immigration debate [July 5]. history experts began to emphasize social history. California-15. W. Several decades ago.H. U. J. the parallels between Edison and modern-day oil tycoons are uncanny.E. despite his qualms about capital punishment. adulation. America has the capacity to move beyond fear and intolerance to a space where we embrace differences and recognize the contributions of all peoples to our United States. GA. Even more remarkable than Edison was Nikola Tesla. CALIF. New York City would not have been illuminated so quickly by all that great juice flowing from Niagara. The "best and brightest" go into finance. In nine issues on history. SAN LUIS OBISPO.J.LETTERS Inbox Edison: The Good. Some suggestions for future TIME issues: Emma Goldman. Michael Honda. I am concerned that such sentiment exacerbates xenophobic trends. Stein fails to recognize the strong American fabric immigrants have built. if not greater. Moore. where they can destroy the economy with impunity and still make a few million dollars. racial minorities. EUGENE. gays and others. Had it not been for Tesla's AC power-transmission design. Representative. Tomczyk. WEST CALDWELL. WASHINGTON .S. DuBois. Richard Primuth. W. begun in the late 1880s. He quarreled bitterly to topple it. including the contributions of women. Seems like a no-brainer to me.

I am offended by Stein's failed attempt to poke fun at Indian Americans through racist stereotypes."The not-as-brilliant merchants brought their even-less-bright cousins. including murder. Please recycle this magazine and remove inserts or samples before recycling . TIME RESPONDS: We sincerely regret that any of our readers were upset by Joel Stein's recent humor column "My Own Private India.J.Y. I was shocked that I could feel a tiny bit uncomfortable with my changing town when I went to visit it. as someone who believes immigration has enriched American life and my hometown in particular. JOEL STEIN RESPONDS: I truly feel stomach-sick that I hurt so many people. N. Hate violence is never a laughing matter. As an attorney for South Asian immigrant workers in New Jersey. New Jersey's Indian-American community faced a wave of hate violence. That feeling was in no way meant to offend and was meant only to give insight into the immigration issue in general. Aparna Garg. N. Ashwin Rao. which led to the passage of the state's hate-crimes law. BUFFALO. NEWARK. Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund." It was in no way intended to cause offense. and we started to understand why India is so damn poor. I was trying to explore how. Three decades ago." So India is poor because the people are stupid? TIME editors should be embarrassed to have published such a vapid essay.

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hence her presence on Dejima. a warm. arranged concentrically in an exquisite mirrored labyrinth that isn't quite worth the effort of solving it. 19. Japan was closed to Westerners. Ghostwritten. raw curiosity than David Mitchell. Orito is a ruined beauty: her face is disfigured on one side by a burn scar. but even his pluck can't save him from a sudden thunderous infatuation with a Japanese midwife named Orito Aibagawa. At that time. by turns timorous and plucky. Courting Orito presents Jacob with obstacles practical. His next novel. unscrupulous Dutchmen. He must also figure out how to thrive on Dejima. All . was a glorious global daisy chain of story. comical portrait of a boy growing up in rural England in the 1980s that appears to be devoid of any formal artifice whatsoever — though if you put your ear to the page. but he followed it in 2001 with the loopy disaster Number9Dream. was permitted to operate a quarantined outpost on Dejima for the purpose of engaging in heavily regulated trade. leaving aside the moral issue of his betrothed back home. Tart and independent. a young Dutch clerk gone East to earn a fortune and the approval of his fiancée's demanding father. Jul. Which isn't to say that all his books are good. you can hear the distant hum of buried high-tension wires forming secret. His books seem to issue from some high-energy literary laboratory where exotic narrative configurations are tested and optimized for maximum expressive power. Onto this tiny. She is a student of Dutch medicine. (I realize this opinion puts me at odds with its legions of admirers. Cloud Atlas. Certainly nobody takes questions of form and structure in the novel more seriously than Mitchell. political and linguistic. but the Dutch East India Co. Mitchell tacked with Black Swan Green. a hothouse of capitalism and corruption crowded with castaways. The list of dramas here is long enough to satisfy even a writer of Mitchell's massive appetites. Mitchell's fifth novel is outwardly almost as conventional. a walled. The Thousand Autumns of Jacob de Zoet begins in 1799 and takes place mostly on a fascinating little scrap of earth called Dejima. apart from its setting.ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT Beauty and The East By LEV GROSSMAN Monday. consists of six stories in different genres. published in 1999. man-made island in Nagasaki harbor. 2010 Illustration by Lou Beach for TIME pure. fraught planetoid Mitchell places Jacob de Zoet. buzzing connections.) In 2006. Jacob is a serviceable everyman. half-castes and ambitious. conscripts. he may be thinking harder about how novels work than any other writer of his generation. Mitchell's debut. An Englishman who has spent a large part of his adult life in Japan and who currently lives in Ireland.

Traveling in a palanquin. His eye flicks around every scene. But Mitchell is constantly in danger of being overwhelmed by that richness.. he thinks he's covered in blood. radiating from every human being (and even the occasional monkey). in some basic human sense.. Jacob. Mitchell does keep control.. This book will not bore you. but it turns out to be ink: Ink. In his books. He struggles to discipline his imagination. All he can hope to do is skim off a tiny fraction of it and gesture helplessly at the rest.. correct. And Mitchell is. The writer who sees universes in a drop of ink is not a writer who can be relied on to know when to shut up. One eyes that last sentence nervously. drunk by thirsty wood. thinks Jacob. Ink. abandoning Jacob and his inappropriate crush. to be just a little fecund. barely (there's a late. but her eyes belong to a much older woman's. Early on in Thousand Autumns. ill-judged lapse into rhyming prose). dripping between cracks . Life's pageant is just that rich. as Coleridge said of Shakespeare — able to skate from brain to brain at will and appreciate the infinite particularity of each. from his cracked ink-pot. Mitchell makes you feel as if you could go off with that prostitute. He is myriad-minded. Orito must be extracted from it at all costs. Orito and everyone else on the island must appease the trio of silent. You want to reassure Mitchell that sometimes it's O.K.. and get just as powerful and satisfying a story as you would have if you'd stayed. indigo rivulets and dribbling deltas . Her body cannot be 10 years old. In Thousand Autumns. intense encounters before she is spirited away to a mountain convent by an evil nobleman whose wrath Jacob has incurred. The convent turns out to harbor a horrifying secret. It's not quite as real as the world it takes place in. to tear his eyes away from the hollow of that 10-year-old prostitute's throat so that he can get on with the story. but the reader's patience is finite. the shogun and God.. life and language teem with infinite amounts of story. Jacob and Orito manage only a few brief. fickle powers that governs them from offstage: the East India Co. Afterward. Ink may be fecund.. Jacob is plagued by an inner blankness that is not uncommon in clever young men in . There's a melodramatic quality to the romance of Jacob and Orito. snatching details in an agony of desire and indecision. Ink. This narrative richness is an essential feature of the Mitchellian worldview.the while. Jacob passes a young prostitute leaning out of an upper window: She is idly tickling the hollow of her throat with a goose feather. you most fecund of liquids . Jacob gets his nose broken in a shipboard scuffle. Mitchell's acute sensitivity to the world's narrative plenitude is both his strength and his weakness.

That 10-year-old courtesan feels more real than the Dutch clerk who eyes her from his palanquin. In a late. "this world was a clean board of lines and intersections. 2010 Mia Wasikowska.. left. the payoff is pure Mitchell. Strangely. Connections are missed. But that's all. Jacob makes an oath and then immediately breaks it. that one feels the terrifying randomness — the structurelessness — of life most keenly. If only time was a sequence of considered moves and not a chaos of slippages and blunders. and the captain.novels — you see it in Haruki Murakami's work — but is all the more noticeable when compared with the glorious detail around him. the more human they are. Mitchell gives it to a man playing Go and still later to a man who is staring down that English warship's cannons. an English warship arrives to menace Dejima. you damn Judas" — and he gives Thousand Autumns a wonderfully melancholy palindromic quality. They're also what drives his relentless search for new narrative architectures. He has a fondness for palindromes — losing at cards. This blankness afflicts Mitchell's heroes more than it does his other characters — the farther his characters are from the center of the action. But if the setup is melodrama. "If only." the Go player reflects.. into a mirror)." Those slippages and blunders are Mitchell's real subject. a man says. not coincidentally. He loses when he's sure he's winning and wins after he thinks all is lost. bravura sequence. 19. It's the inexhaustibly fecund paradox behind all of Mitchell's novels: he is a writer who uses order to depict chaos. Family Ties By MARY POLS Monday. tells himself firmly (while looking. it's at exactly such moments. Rescues go awry. in the sense that it continually delivers the mirror image of what you're expecting. he broods over his own prospects and occasionally exhibits a pleasing resourcefulness. He lusts after Orito. and a thousand answers. misses her and worries about her safety. "We shall reverse our reverses. His mind feels curiously uninhabited. "Judas damn you ." It's a key phrase: later. He falls in love with Orito with a swiftness and tenacity that the reader never quite manages to be convinced by. and Josh Hutcherson star as Joni and Laser in Lisa Cholodenko's The Kids Are All Right Focus Features . whose career hangs in the balance. How do you tell the story of how things fall apart in the form of a story that does not itself fall apart? There's no answer. Jul. when Mitchell's ordering hand is most strongly present.

We feel as though we're present and participating in every mistake and misstep and. Paul is intrigued by the notion of having a son to advise. along with their two mothers. Ruffalo plays a jerk. and every woman in the cast is drawn to him in some fashion. the regretful. Just as he did in You Can Count on Me. Nic. this might be the best domestic drama we'll see all year. . touching journey back. It's certainly the best acted: Bening is sublimely prickly yet always sympathetic. She's more of a dreamer than a doer." Paul says. "I love lesbians. ultimately. Laser (Josh Hutcherson) pressures her to find their donor dad.When restaurateur Paul (Mark Ruffalo) was 19. Fretting over the possible fallout from actually producing children — the subject of Lisa Cholodenko's The Kids Are All Right. named for Joni Mitchell. It's deliciously fraught. but otherwise they have the completely average issues of any middle-aged couple. wincing at his own idiocy. turns 18. As someone whose life has revolved around only shallow relationships. but she warms to this kindred free spirit. like the one with his pretty restaurant hostess (Yaya DaCosta)." but really Paul is more like an outsider with a genetic hall pass whose unsettling presence serves as the fulcrum by which we come to understand this family's dynamics." Joni says. Nic drinks too much and is frustrated by Jules' lifelong habit of dabbling. Nic and Jules have a lesbian-specific quirk or two (they like watching gay men's porn to get turned on). he made a few bucks as a sperm donor. an admiring daughter to garden with. since they've already been trained by Nic and Jules. lesbian version of Annie Hall. looks as if she's swallowed something unpleasant. "I'm a doer. Cholodenko (Laurel Canyon) takes this family on a bumpy ride — hinted at in an opening sequence in which Laser's skateboard rattles across the pavement — but it's completely organic and true. a perfectly observed. Nic refers to him as an "interloper. You can see him calculating the price of a lease on his offspring. a little too enthusiastically." he says cheerfully. a physician who is intensely invested in her children's higher education. But pretty. sexy study of a modern American family — wasn't his thing. They haven't even gotten to dessert. But she acquiesces and soon is explaining to Paul how his sperm was used by both her mothers. enchanting and unreliable. When Joni (Mia Wasikowska). but one painted in a dozen shades of appealing. the responsibility is negligible. And as he explains at a dinner with his two biological children he's just met. "That could really hurt Moms' feelings. Then he forgot all about it. Jules feels the weight of Nic's disapproval and misses feeling sexy and appreciated. except for Nic. bohemian Jules eyes Paul with recognition. neither was college. but you can tell these people are getting ready to possibly ruin one another's lives. That's how I learn. It's the kids who seek Paul out. Nic (Annette Bening) and Jules (Julianne Moore). and Moore is like a middle-aged.

This year alone she appeared in the Fatal Attraction–esque Chloe with Amanda Seyfried and on 30 Rock as Nancy Donovan. Ruffalo's universal appeal and Boston accents. . 08. I kid you not. TIME talked to Moore about the film. Next up. that's what you do. Jul. a hot affair with Mark Ruffalo that doesn't sit well with her longtime lesbian partner (Annette Bening) in The Kids Are All Right.Q&A Q&A: Julianne Moore of The Kids Are All Right By BRYAN ALEXANDER Thursday. 2010 Julianne Moore arrives at the premiere for The Kids Are All Right during the Los Angeles Film Festival on June 17. The Kids Are All Right was shot in 21 days. That's not even enough time to find a good parking spot for your movie trailer. the Irish lass who competed unsuccessfully for Alec Baldwin's affections. But when that's what you got. I was on set for only 18 days! Mark and I have an entire storyline to ourselves that was shot in three days. That's really hairy. 2010 Michael Caulfield / WireImage / Getty Images Julianne Moore is an actress who strives for variety even when it comes to movie love triangles.

and we have two children. What kind of prep work did you do to play Bening's longtime partner? I never do any prep work. because until he does. Tell us about your return to As the World Turns in April after playing Frannie Hughes in the '80s. Mark passed [on the film] initially. Sunrise is great. It's a place she feels comfortable. And it was nice to go back and say. What was your biggest lesson from soap operas? To be prepared. It's funny and interesting. Any need to hang out with a lesbian couple for the vibe? The thing I have going for me is that I have been with someone for 15 years now. It's the person rather than your sexuality that defines you. And in . and the script here was fantastic. But his charm was pretty key for the part? I thought so. He told me he passed because he didn't want to be away from his wife and kids. There's something about her deliberately disheveled appearance that's very particular. very quickly. The great thing about working on television is you have to work very. and she asked whatever happened to that movie I was doing that Mark had the script for. grumble. right? He's so male. wears those old concert T-shirts she has held onto for years." It wouldn't have happened if it weren't for Sunrise. Happy anniversary. The show is going off the air after more than 60 years. I literally walked on and said. I love him. News to you too? That was news to me. and I was so glad I did it. We had to do the sex scenes in just a few hours. Parenting is parenting. I was doing Lisa. Who knew? But I loved that scene. She's hanging on to this thing. One thing I learned from this movie is that some lesbian couples like gay-male porn. He should just do it. I liked all that sexual stuff and that they are struggling with the idea that their son might be gay and how they talk to him about it. Thank you for being so kind to me." It was totally fun. It was my first big job. I love how he comes into the movie. 115 degrees. I really liked that movie. Everything comes from the script. the movie has such a feminine energy. I think she trusts me. Grumble.If there's anyone who would be cast as a lesbian-relationship buster. I was only on set for a half an hour. and I'm also really good friends with his wife Sunrise. But he made it a pleasure to do. it's going to be Ruffalo. "Mom and Dad. Jules. I really trust him. And suddenly he comes in all hairy with his beard and his leather jacket and his motorcycle. Does it help to know his real-life wife in a situation like that? It helps. So that's not any different than any of the lesbian or gay-male parents I know. [Director Lisa Cholodenko] said she really liked this lesbian-surfer thing I was doing with my voice. I loved the line about how normally the inauthenticity of the lesbian scenes in [porn] is not arousing because you know they are just pretending. "That's ridiculous. I told her later. and it made me laugh. And it was. When I told her he had passed. So it was. she was like. And it's not a present place. What? She said. grumble. Then Sunrise and I were texting about something else. It's so funny to see. I know him. You and Ruffalo have some explicit scenes during your affair. We've been friends since we made Blindness. I liked how my character. like. hi.

My God.order to work quickly. I think that's part of the fun. with singalong onscreen lyrics. Some folks criticized your Boston accent on the show. If you like it. It's not current. You get enough people together and you can't tell. If they asked me to come back. It's one scene. Olivia Newton John returns to theaters this summer in a newly remastered version of the 1978 musical. It's all misinformation. That's what matters most. You are responsible for your own work. You need to know your lines and know what you are going to do. 19. that's the problem. They're great. Tell us more! Tell us more! Does the idea of theaters full of tone-deaf people singing your songs at the top of their lungs horrify even a small part of you? No. You supply the performance. It's Boston bar-earned. Olivia Newton-John By BRYAN ALEXANDER Monday. Your 30 Rock character is out of the race as Baldwin's love interest. The director is not going to elicit a performance. It's pretty broad and working class. That's something you learn in daytime television. you have to be ready. you like it. Jul. Did that hurt? It's a pretty old-fashioned accent. . What would Catholic Nancy Donovan say about this? Holy crap. Nancy's accent is based on a lot of people I knew tending bar in Boston. liked it. I do hate it. who is from Massachusetts. I would happily come back. It's from a lot of people from Dorchester. It doesn't bother me at all. And now you're going to play the Virgin Mary in Elektra Luxx. IMDB. Could she come back? We haven't found a body. That's not the director's job. 2010 Paul Morigi / Getty Images Three decades after she and John Travolta first made sweet music together as lovestruck '50s teenagers in Grease. But it is one scene. And [30 Rock executive producer and writer] Robert Carlock.

What was the reaction to your guest appearance on the show? People were surprised with my character. compare dancing with Jane Lynch to dancing with John Travolta. Aren't we overdue? I think the world can do without my dancing. and then I did Grease and then I did Xanadu and then I did the album Physical. On Glee you sang your hit "Physical" with the famous line "you're bringin' out the animal in me. my husband John [Easterling]. Might you be entering the bitch era of your career? It doesn't fit as comfortably with me. But pony-tailed Sandy might be a cleaner image for a stamp. The fact that I was a bitch. or leather catsuit Sandy from the end? I think leather Sandy. Speaking of Glee. When's the last time you danced with Travolta? Probably when we were filming Grease. It was fun. You looked amazing on Glee. She's so funny and so sweet. I started out country. I'm building a cancer and wellness center in Australia that's been a passion of mine for the last seven years. I'm open to seeing what comes. If there were a Grease postage stamp." It's a classic. would it have pony-tailed Sandy. but I think it was good lighting. but I am wearing a leopard dressing gown. So that could happen. My work with the rainforest and the hospital are just a few things that bring out the animal in me. But John is amazing. Are you wearing a leather catsuit as we speak? No. are you sleeping in a hyperbaric chamber? You're too kind. from early in the film. What's the secret of Grease that keeps generations of fans loving it? It's a combination of the music. It's like a different era every 10 years. Will we see more of you as a result of the Grease rerelease? I've been talking with my manager about putting together some kind of show next summer. See how many [school-themed musicals] have gone on since — from Glee to High School Musical." It doesn't date. beautiful ballad. And I love "You're the One that I Want. But it was very. But I did enjoy it. And our wonderful dog — . they are all natural from the Amazon rain forest. And it's at school. It's more fun. then I went to pop. I laughed so much dancing with Jane. How's that? I couldn't resist telling that. very different. It's easily relatable. And I use my husband's facial products.What's your all-time favorite Grease song? Probably "Hopelessly Devoted. I've got a lot of themes in my life. which I have never played before and have tried not to be in real life. healing music. And now. the time period and the great energy." So what's doing that these days? Well. There's so many things that inspire me.

. The Short List of Things to Do WEEK OF JULY 9 Sir Lucious Left Foot . and Big Boi still has a flow as swift and frothy as white-water rapids. When we go there. so I don't think so. But it's still blazing Southern hip-hop. And our other dog Sherlock who is 17 and gorgeous.an Irish setter. The Son of Chico Dusty Now in stores Illustration by Sean McCabe for TIME. do they know Grease? They don't have electricity.. featuring a Murderers' Row of guest rappers. I'm just [John's] wife. . I love that other side of my life. who is lying under my desk as I speak to you. Jack. You're very active in working with South American tribes living in the rain forests. Big Boi: Astrid Stawiarz Label politics delayed this solo debut from OutKast's Big Boi for three years and blocked some contributions by bandmate Andre 3000.

The plot may be IPO-centric. that makes Prime Suspect seem like Turner & Hooch. The Collector Now in stores Cookbook Allegra Goodman mixes up a lively stew of characters from the dotcom-era bubble: bold young software titans.K. Berkeley tree huggers. comes this splendidly grim police series. Robson Green is the mordant inspector sleuthing the U. . bibliophiles and a pair of investment-savvy rabbis.Touching Evil: The Complete Collection Now in stores From Acorn Media. chief curators of the best Brit TV. created by Paul Abbott (State of Play). but the novel is old-fashioned and wildly romantic.'s most heinous crimes.

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is one of the most rapturous color films of all time. their prim ways clash with local customs. an incendiary climax and a haunting residue. Black Narcissus Now in stores When Anglican nuns. led by sternly beautiful Deborah Kerr. start a school in the Himalayas. made by Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger in 1947. . This intense.The Girl Who Played with Fire Now in theaters Publisher Mikael (Michael Nyqvist) needs to find his dragon-tattooed Lisbeth (Noomi Rapace) before she is either killed or charged with murder. elevated drama. This second Swedish film based on the Stieg Larsson best sellers has a slow fuse.

loose papers. it's just a lot of junk. "When we come in. 2010 Each week. yet this is the first time they've sat down together at the dining table. — has done to help clean up Gray's one-bedroom apartment.) And then there's the cost: a forced cleanout can top $50. These groups. in which an organizing expert and a therapist. the fire department and child-protective services. facing eviction or the prospect that their children will be taken from them.. Jul. Horning took what she learned from working with Gray and in December started a hoarding task force that includes a social worker and a therapist.SOCIETY Cleaning House By KAYLA WEBLEY Monday.S." says Dorothy Breininger. Mass. spend two days per episode removing mountains of stuff from a pathologically cluttered home. thanks in part to the hard work Horning — a member of the housing authority in Framingham. above left. helps Gray part with more stuff Sage Sohier for TIME Franny Gray and Lisa Horning have been working side by side in Gray's home on and off since 2003. and that money is rarely recouped from the hoarder. it's sort of like an ER. and until recently her table was covered with stacks of newspapers and magazines. a mental-health disorder that affects an estimated 6 million to 15 million people in the U. a producer and an . 19. Many of the hoarders featured on the show are in crisis. Mass. Horning. all bundled inside plastic grocery bags.000. a member of the housing authority in Framingham. As unlikely as it might appear to an outsider. (Think newspapers piled near kitchen stoves or rats infiltrating apartment complexes. That's because Gray is a hoarder. It's an emotional process. which leaves local agencies to foot the bill. even the most seemingly ephemeral — like a used Band-Aid. Framingham is one of more than 10 communities that have launched such coordinated efforts in recent months. empty water bottles and other odds and ends. Hoarders are not just monumental slobs. they have an intense emotional attachment to every object they keep. sometimes playing the role of bad cop to get the petite 75-year-old to throw out more of her beloved possessions. But to neighbors. are learning how to deal more effectively with hoarding. and Gray and Horning have become friends over the years. which often draw together local agencies including the police. Hoarding can also lead to serious public-health and -safety violations. bringing the number of hoarding task forces to 75 nationwide. and they complain to city officials that homes with chock-full yards or porches are eyesores. One reason public awareness is on the rise is the proliferation of docudramas like A&E's hit series Hoarders. Much of that clutter is gone now. knickknacks. along with a maid service and a cleanout crew.

This time around. When asked if it might be time to throw the chicken out. Lorraine." . Last fall Lorraine finished a 20-week group-therapy program run by Boston University. "Now everyone knows what to do or whom to call so they're not just passing the buck. Hoarders often suffer from something called clutter blindness. a radical step to keep her from being evicted. has prompted imitators. "There's not a lot of time to make decisions." says Krista Lovette. "I could feel her sadness because they were bagging up these papers. but a lot of work remains to be done. She is then challenged to answer questions about various items in order to win them back and at the end of the episode can either reclaim those treasured possessions or take a cash prize. the first step is to recognize the problem. But hoarding experts say that quick forced cleanouts often do more harm than good to the resident's mental state. and she has to shimmy through a tiny corridor to reach her computer." Within months. a 68-year-old retiree who lives in Massachusetts and asked that we not print her last name. Gray trusts Horning and follows her advice. including TLC's Hoarding: Buried Alive and Planet Green's Gutted. "To her. It's a slow process. and since then she has been working once a week with a coach who helps her decide what to discard." Lovette says. Gray began to hoard again. Things have to be done — and be done very quickly." The show. stacks of papers reach nearly to the ceiling. says Gail Steketee. a hoarding expert and the dean of Boston University's School of Social Work." Some task forces sprang up because city officials didn't know how to deal with hoarders. Today they sit at her table talking and laughing like old friends. Says Lorraine: "It's like trying to shovel sand off the beach with a teaspoon. But she has started to dig out. And with education comes understanding and empathy for the hoarders. Gray giggles and says. Most of the surfaces are still covered with double-knotted plastic bags. who helps run a county elder-care program. "Yeah. Kans. Effective treatment for hoarding takes a year on average.. A stack of newspapers clutters the end of Gray's bed. as Gray ices her bum knee with a Ziploc bag of frozen chicken tenders. "We're not there to strong-arm them. As with many other disorders. they were a lot of interesting articles that she wanted to get back to reading. In her home office. All of the pressing safety concerns have been eliminated.organizing expert on the show. and she sleeps nestled among bags of clean clothes. which is set to begin its third season in September." says Horning. a founding member of the four-year-old task force in Wichita. realized only recently that she has been a hoarder for more than three decades. In the latter. Gray recognizes that she has a problem and wants to be involved in the cleaning process. "We're there to help them." Horning remembers watching five years ago as a cleaning crew removed the teetering piles of newspapers from Gray's home. Horning visits once a week to focus Gray's efforts. a hoarder — nominated for the show by family members and friends without her knowledge — arrives home to find her possessions confiscated. The bag is dated June 2003.

Some advice from the authors: Hair ANDREAS KUEHN / GETTY IMAGES Many shampoos and conditioners contain sulfates and preservatives like parabens. 2010 Learn what ingredients used in makeup could be hazardous to your health About Face Artwork for TIME by Corliss Elizabeth Williams. 07. They detail their findings in the new book No More Dirty Looks. Photograph by Danny Kim It began. with a $400 hair treatment in West Hollywood. both of which are potential hormone disrupters Solution Seek out organic shampoos and conditioners — the authors recommend the John Masters line — or make your own with baking soda and mayo . a known carcinogen. Siobhan O'Connor and Alexandra Spunt had decided to get Brazilian Blowouts — only to find out later that the secret straightening ingredient was formaldehyde. as few great scientific discoveries do.Toxic Cosmetics By BRYAN WALSH Wednesday. Jul. That revelation prompted the two journalists to begin researching the cosmetics industry. They found that it was more toxic and less regulated than they'd ever suspected. which also highlights ways to look good and be green at the same time.

which is also a blush . and coal tar. a carcinogen. linked to cancer Solution Activated charcoal can sub for conventional eye makeup Skin VERONIQUE BERANGER / GETTY IMAGES Lots of big-name moisturizers have parabens and other preservatives.Eyes ELIE BERNAGER / GETTY IMAGES Mascara contents may include mercury. a neurotoxin. a neurotoxin. eye shadow can be contaminated with 1. a hormone disrupter Solution Extra-virgin olive oil is a natural moisturizer. a potential carcinogen Solution Use an organic alternative like RMS Beauty Lip2Cheek. while many sunscreens contain oxybenzone. as well as BHA.4-dioxane. and Soléo Organics makes a good all-natural sunscreen Lips REKHA GARTON / GETTY IMAGES Your favorite lipstick may be contaminated with lead.

It'll take another 10 or 15 years beyond that for the fleet of existing cars to be primarily electric because it takes a while to switch out things. I really do think we're headed toward a future that is 100% electric. though it sounds mundane. since we're only selling a roadster. That was my schooling experience. Do you even come back to South Africa anymore? — Marshall Lambert. we don't have a lot of difficulty doing that. BOSTON At this point. How come you're so damn stupid? I think it's got to be some combination of nature and nurture.PEOPLE 10 Questions for Elon Musk Gregg Segal Do you really think the electric car can replace the combustion engine? — Tom Hale. Having a father who's an engineer is definitely part of it. I always knew that there was a chance of failure in all my endeavors. Is there a technological limit to what you are capable of creating? — Patrick Scott. the majority of new cars manufactured will be pure electric.000 for a car. Did you ever doubt that you were going to succeed in your high-risk enterprises? — Anirudh Joshi. Were you considered a geek in school? — Ju Huang. LONDON These are great questions! A lot of times I get asked. I was kind of a smart aleck. and most of my cousins . How do you charge it? Is it safe? But these are not huge questions anymore. In the beginning.S. WASHINGTON As long as it doesn't violate some law of physics or economics. Within 20 years. CONN. SOUTH AFRICA I was born and raised in South Africa. I'd get called every name in the book and beaten up. NEW YORK CITY Absolutely. I would just walk around reading books all the time. is to apply aerospace-engineering techniques to create a double-decker freeway with prefabricated. even if I thought the probability of success was less than 50%. I guess there's ostensibly no limit. What is Tesla's greatest challenge in terms of convincing consumers that an electric car is the best option? — Michael Brown. our problem is convincing people to pay $100.A. But I felt that they were important enough that I had to try. One thing I know I could get right. How come you're so damn smart? — Alex Arthur. freeways. It was a recipe for disaster. so I was quite small. And I was also the youngest kid in my grade. STAMFORD. I've had plenty of time to contemplate it on L.. These days. But my brother and sister are in the U. When I was a kid. DURBAN. people didn't know what to expect. MELBOURNE Absolutely. high-strength metal sections that are dropped into place to double up the lanes so you don't have traffic.

One shouldn't think of NASA as monolithic.are in the U. This may seem like an obvious thing. The technological breakthrough that's necessary for that would be a truly reusable rocket system. Try to get together a group of people to do something useful. KY. then yes. They've been incredibly helpful to [SpaceX] as advisers. . KATHMANDU. I couldn't go. I was hoping to go back to South Africa for the World Cup. It's been great. What advice would you give to young people in developing countries who want to be entrepreneurs? — Prakash Shrestha. HAZARD. and obviously they're our biggest customer. Most of my family is here. ESTONIA If I live for another 40 years. TARTU. That's so critical to lowering the cost of transport to the point where most people could go to space. SpaceX was founded with the goal of making humanity a space civilization. There's definitely some resentment within certain quarters of NASA. but when I had the Tesla IPO.S. but there's also enormous support. Are you hoping to see that? — Erik Kulu. What's it like to work with NASA on a rocket project? — Todd Feltner. but often people will organize into a company that doesn't produce anything useful. NEPAL Just go and do it.

He and Obama have reasons to make nice. Dan Fastenberg. just as General David Petraeus officially assumed command (following the recent ouster of General Stanley McChrystal) of all NATO forces during a short ceremony in Kabul. 19. Katy Steinmetz Monday. 2010 1 | London Panel Clears Climategate Researchers The latest of several inquiries into the Climategate controversy--which erupted last year after about 1. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu told a group of Americans that President Barack Obama was too distant. and the word quickly became an Israeli touchstone for what ailed the relationship. ." Netanyahu said. But the leaders disagree over potential Israeli concessions in the peace process and the speed with which to confront Iran. "What we're looking for is a sense of intimacy. 2 | Afghanistan Operations Continue Amid Change In Command Afghan police and NATO troops killed 64 militants and seized nearly 37.NOTEBOOK The Moment By Massimo Calabresi Monday. 19. On July 6. Jul. is embracing Israel unconditionally. Alexandra Silver. they may not join Washington in tougher actions against Tehran. Democrats need Jewish-American support ahead of November elections. they may not trust him to mediate talks fairly. not intimacy. of narcotics in a three-day raid in Helmand province. Frances Romero. amid fights over East Jerusalem and Iran.S. is the sign of a true partnership. 2010 Last summer.000 lb. The World By Harriet Barovick. and pretending they don't may do more harm than good. June was the deadliest month on record for coalition forces in the Afghan war. and Israel faces isolation abroad. Honesty." While the independent review found that the scientists should have been more open to outsiders and critics. If countries that are ambivalent about pressuring Iran believe the U. Nate Rawlings. Kayla Webley.000 leaked e-mails became fodder for global-warming skeptics who saw in the messages evidence of bias and falsified data--determined that the "rigour and honesty" of scientists at the University of East Anglia's Climatic Research Unit "are not in doubt.'s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The operation concluded July 4. If Palestinians think Obama has gone soft on Netanyahu for domestic political reasons. it concluded that they had not manipulated data or misled the U. Netanyahu appeared to get his moment of intimacy in the Oval Office.N. Jul.

S. can "walk and chew gum at the same time. The U. [The following text appears within a map. 4 | Phoenix Legislation Challenged More than two months after Arizona Governor Jan Brewer signed a controversial law intended to combat illegal immigration." Clinton said during her six-hour stop in Georgia.3 | Ecuador Narcosubmarine Captured Ecuadorian police. acting on intelligence from the U.S. where she met with President Mikhail Saakashvili (above). Department of Justice filed a lawsuit against the state.-long fiberglass submarine July 2 at a jungle camp near the Colombian border. the U.-Moscow relations marked by a recent meeting between Barack Obama and Russian President Dmitri Medvedev will not force the Obama Administration to abandon the former Soviet states. and is considered an improvement over the semisubmersibles used for drug smuggling over the past decade. can dive 65 ft. According to the complaint. seized a 100-ft. capable of holding 10 tons of cocaine.] CLINTON'S TOUR JULY 3 Krakow. Poland JULY 2 Kiev.S. Drug Enforcement Administration." 5 | Georgia Secretary Clinton Reassures Post-Soviet Bloc In a five-day trip over the July 4 holiday. Arizona's law is untenable because "the federal government has pre-eminent authority to regulate immigration matters.S. Ukraine Russia JULY 5 Tbilisi. The craft. Please see hardcopy or PDF for actual map. Georgia . claiming that the legislation--set to take effect July 29--is unconstitutional. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton sought to reassure Russia's neighbors that the "reset" in U.

who was extradited from the U. Armenia JULY 4 Baku. alongside the CIA.S. among other things. 7 | London Torture Inquiry On July 6. though an alliance between Felipe Calderón's National Action Party and a leftist faction picked up three states the PRI had held for eight decades. Formerly detained British nationals are driving the effort behind the investigation. Undeterred. Cameron. in April. was involved in the torture of terrorism suspects. served two decades in a Florida jail for drug trafficking. Azerbaijan 6 | India STANDING STILL Mumbai's normally hectic roadways were deserted July 5 when taxi drivers participated in a dawn-to-dusk protest organized by opposition parties against a recent government-enacted fuel hike.JULY 4 Yerevan. had pledged during his campaign to look into claims of abuse related to terrorism cases. when voters awoke to find four bodies hanging from bridges. Nationwide strikes closed airports. Noriega. 8 | Mexico Voters Turn Out Despite Threats Mexicans voiced their independence July 4 as they headed to the polls to elect governors and local leaders in the face of weeks of drug-cartel-led intimidation. state-run fuel companies alone stand to lose more than $11 billion this fiscal year.5 rupees per liter (or about 30¢ a gallon). 9 | Paris Ex-Dictator Sentenced Panama's former military leader Manuel Antonio Noriega was sentenced by a Paris tribunal to seven years in jail for laundering millions from Colombian drug cartels in the 1980s through international banks and into French accounts. The move is part of a government effort to reduce the country's budget deficit by. The violence continued on election day itself. British Prime Minister David Cameron announced a yearlong probe into charges that British intelligence. . markets and other businesses as Indians expressed anger over a gasoline-price increase of 3. who took office in May. cutting subsidies. they handed the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) nine of 12 gubernatorial seats.

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10 | Gulf of Mexico Oil Continues to Spread Nowhere along the Gulf Coast can the threat of oil reaching shore still be considered an imaginary threat. What else is out? Ponytails. Mississippi. one country has taken it upon itself to ban the mullet. Please see hardcopy of magazine.) HALPERIN'S TAKE The Republicans Are Still Looking for a Leader By MARK HALPERIN Thursday. Louisiana. 08. Alabama and Florida--have been touched by the spill." Iran's Culture Ministry has released an official catalog of government-approved haircuts.] 1 An oil spill occurs when a tanker leaks or a rig explodes 2 The oil spreads into a thin slick and then breaks into smaller patches 3 Oil mixes with water and is emulsified into a thick. as well as excessive spikes and gel. 2010 Photo Illustration by Wes Duvall for TIME . sticky substance 4 Wind and waves form tarballs that can travel hundreds of miles * | What They're Banning in Iran: Finally. In an effort to "halt the spread of unconventional styles" and "fight back against the Western cultural invasion. Residents of the southeastern Texas coast and the greater New Orleans area (including along Lake Pontchartrain) marked the July 4 holiday weekend with news that tarballs originating from the BP gusher had crept into their waters. (Apparently Iran hates Jersey Shore too. All five states in the Gulf region--Texas. Jul. HOW TARBALLS FORM [This article consists of 4 illustrations.

Other congressional leaders are far too green or unskilled to mount or keep their balance on the national stage. The party's possible 2012 presidential candidates are either too polarizing to sway swing voters (Sarah Palin. but the Republican Party still lacks the concrete ideas it once had. Kentucky's Mitch McConnell. or they'll stick with what they've got. Joe Raedle / Getty Images . less government" mantra. 08. Even more important. The presidential megaphone can almost always drown out the competition. The latest gaffe of party chief Michael Steele — saying the Afghan conflict is a war of Obama's choosing — rendered him. Mitch Daniels. is a strong inside player but is well aware that he will never be a persuasive public advocate. Angry anti-Obama rhetoric is not enough to make the case that the GOP can fix the nation's vast problems. aggressive and competent face for itself. even if the Republicans get their act together and unite over a "Lower taxes. Mike Huckabee. irrelevant. Jul. Newt Gingrich) or inclined to lie low this year (Mitt Romney. Battlefield General: Is Bobby Jindal Making Sense? By ALEX ALTMAN Thursday. But at this crucial moment. in difficult times voters require a flesh-and-blood alternative to provide leadership and reassurance. 2010 Louisiana Governor Bobby Jindal speaks to the media during an update on BP's massive oil spill. Obama is going to have an easier time protecting his Democratic allies and shoring up his own strength than the polls currently suggest." The top GOP man in the Senate. Unless the GOP — quickly — finds an appealing. The normally low-key House Republican leader John Boehner opted to go toe to toe with the President in late June and came up on the losing side after he suggested that the financial crisis Obama inherited was no bigger than an "ant. once and for all. one party honcho after another has eliminated himself as a plausible spokesman.Barack Obama's poll numbers may be down and the economy struggling. Haley Barbour).

a plan to build sand berms to safeguard the state's marshland." Jindal wrote in a typical Twitter post June 21. citing a desire to avoid compromising future litigation against BP." On July 6. . however. he likes to say. doesn't look like a battlefield commander. Jindal's aggressive response to the spill is paying dividends. Health: Latest Findings By ALICE PARK Monday. a Rhodes scholar with a skeletal frame. Appraising whether Jindal has met his own leadership standards may be impossible." The notion that Washington should lead is not the only puzzling position taken by Jindal. should either "lead or get out of the way. 2010 SLEEP Early Starts Can Put Teens Behind A 30-min.) But when Washington has provided resources. delay in a high schooler's morning could mean the difference between productive learning and dozing through class. a governor admired for his grasp of policy has sometimes sacrificed caution for speed. his approval rating in the state jumped to 74%. who says the Obama Administration has "done more right than wrong. (A Corps commander said the measure might do more harm than good. The government. Louisiana's contingency plan to combat the spill had gaps. and Jindal slashed financing for the state oil-spill coordinator's office. More important. he points to environmental devastation as a consequence of the government's "lack of urgency" but opposes a moratorium on deepwater drilling. Jindal blistered the government for dithering over his signature initiative. Jul. Jindal hasn't always deployed them. in the throes of a crisis. In one recent poll." Jindal has tapped into his constituents' frustrations by using Washington as a foil. When the Interior Department later halted the sand dredging to protect the existing barrier-island system. a small-government conservative. A CBS News study found that he had mobilized only a fraction of the National Guard troops allotted to the state. Jindal fumed at the "red tape and bureaucracy. "We will not wait on bureaucracy or wishful thinking. "The war against the spill continues. Unlike Mississippi Governor Haley Barbour. An advocate of offshore oil exploration. up 10 points since April.Bobby Jindal. Louisiana's Republican governor has cast the fight to protect the state's coastline as a struggle for survival. On June 25. The proposal was finally okayed despite objections raised by scientists who questioned the $360 million project's efficacy. For weeks. the governor railed at the Army Corps of Engineers for denying a local parish's request to protect coastal waters by constructing rock dikes. we will move forward. He has a tendency to beseech federal authorities for help and skewer their efforts as ineffectual in the same breath. 19." A year after his wooden rebuttal to the 2009 State of the Union address. he vetoed legislation that would have made public all records of the state's response to the crisis. But since the Deepwater Horizon rig exploded.

More boys than girls reported competing to win — to dominate rivals and demonstrate superior skill — with no detriment to their mental health or social relationships. FROM THE LABS New Genes for Extreme Old Age There is no magic recipe for longevity. they went to bed 18 min. but scientists have discovered a few key ingredients. The findings support earlier studies that suggest such motivation is both typical and socially expected of males. Only 11% of the students in the study got the recommended nine hours each night. lead author of the study. a new study by researchers at Hasbro Children's Hospital found that when ninth-to-12th-graders started school at 8:30 a. Researchers at California State University at Chico and the University of Texas at Dallas looked at two types of competition among high school seniors: competing to win and competing to excel. but a new study of teenagers shows that attempting to outshine others may come at a higher psychological and social price for girls than for boys.Countering concerns that later school start times would lead kids to stay up later the night before. can help protect healthy people from heart disease. In addition. Thomas Perls.m. more each school night. Studying the genes of more than 1. earlier and slept an average of 45 min. rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Dr.000 centenarians and their matched controls.m. The authors suggest these effects may be due in part to persistent Western norms that mark self-serving behavior undesirable in girls. and the authors caution that more study is needed before the pills can be used for prevention. competing to excel — to surpass personal goals or develop skills — was associated with higher self-esteem. fewer students were late to their first class. more feelings of achievement and less depression in both girls and boys. They also reported less depression and more alertness.. ANTICANCER PILLS? Fish oil. believes these genes may provide clues to what keeps certain people healthy into extreme old age — and may someday help the rest of us live more like them. In contrast. and the percentage of kids falling asleep in class dropped twofold. researchers at Boston University identified 150 genetic variants that predicted with 77% accuracy who would live past 100. . The analysis also revealed 19 genetic profiles that were shared by most of the extremely long-lived. Trials involving omega-3s from dietary sources have been inconclusive. Even so. compared with girls who did not report the same drive to outperform their peers. most teens are still sleep-deprived. however. But female students who said they competed to win reported higher rates of depression and feelings of loneliness. BEHAVIOR Girls vs. instead of 8 a. Boys: The Perils of Competition A little bit of competitive drive can be a good thing. Now a large new study finds that taking fish-oil supplements may also reduce breast-cancer risk by 32% in postmenopausal women. along with fewer friends and social relationships.

' KARL SCHWAERZLER.000 Number of lives saved through improvements in cancer care over the past 20 years Sources: American Cancer Society.. but they are still prevented from engaging in dignified. of the Israeli human-rights group Gisha.Y. Archives of Ped. Science. DATA SET 165% Increase in risk of STDs — including HIV — in men who take erectile-dysfunction drugs 767. Annals of Int..' SARI BASHI. Biomarkers & Prevention. The findings may help explain why feelings of romantic love and rejection are so hard to control. Journal of Neurophysiology. on rapper Snoop Dogg's attempt to rent the entire nation--one of Europe's tiniest--for a music video 'I'm hungry!' TAKERU KOBAYASHI. Sex Roles Verbatim 'Gaza residents can now purchase Israeli-made products. N. after a judge sentenced the 24-year-old actress to 90 days in jail for violating her probation for a 2007 drunk-driving charge 'We've had requests for places and villages but never one to hire the whole country before. where he was sent after storming the stage at an annual July 4 hotdog-eating contest in Coney Island. Cancer Epidemiology. Kobayashi was barred from participating after he refused to sign an exclusivity contract . upon his release from jail. property agent in Liechtenstein.Addicted to Love Overcoming heartbreak may be similar to kicking an addiction. Med. a competitive eater. productive work and from traveling. craving. addiction and pain. to attorney Shawn Chapman Holley.. Scientists asked 15 college students who had recently been rejected by their romantic partners to look at pictures of their exes — with whom they were still deeply in love — and found that the most active areas of the students' brains were those involved in motivation. But the study also confirmed that time does heal a broken heart: the students who had been separated the longest had the weakest reactions to the pictures. Pediatrics. after Israel eased its blockade of Hamas-ruled Gaza to allow in virtually all consumer goods but continued to ban most travel 'Are you serious?' LINDSAY LOHAN. say researchers studying brain images of the lovelorn. & Adolescent Med.

in the Los Angeles Times: .. I went. he has killed motivation to create new jobs. this isn't a good thing. you have to be in the Census. dismissing claims that his presidential campaign received illegal party financing TALKING HEADS Wayne Allyn Root Writing in the Las Vegas Review-Journal that President Obama is incapable of creating jobs: "It's time to call Obama what he is: The Great Jobs Killer. enables players to redefine themselves. in the Wall Street Journal: "The magnitude of the World Cup . Portugal's Cristiano Ronaldo and England's Wayne Rooney--scored one goal combined here." --7/4/10 Darren Everson and Jonathan Clegg On the pressures of the World Cup." --7/5/10 Marilyn Johnson Lamenting spending cuts for public libraries. or expand old ones. "Dude. All these computers and digital gadgets are no good. in British newspapers 'When this guy showed me his badge. Census worker and former New Jersey police officer. For many of the world's stars.. With all this killing. on his plans to withhold online distribution of his new album and instead include it. he has killed the motivation to invest in new businesses...' NICOLAS SARKOZY. For Messrs.' PRINCE. The three players who had the most hype coming into South Africa--Argentina's Lionel Messi. Ronaldo and Rooney in particular. after his attempt to get a Hawaii County policeman to fill out Census forms earned him a trespassing charge 'I would love it so much if the country could excite itself over the big problems. What are you talking about?"' RUSSELL HAAS. French President. free. while punishing taxpayers and business owners--Obama has killed jobs.'The Internet's completely over . With his massive spending and tax hikes--rewarding big government and big unions. Obama should be given the top spot on the FBI's Most Wanted List. this World Cup will sting like a reprimand in their personnel file.

U. and Lance Armstrong.K.N.. BBC Brief History: Ground Zero Visits By FRANCES ROMERO Monday. traveled to lower Manhattan to lay a wreath at Ground Zero and officially open a nearby garden in memory of the 67 Britons killed on Sept. Sooner or later. 2010 Queen Elizabeth placed a wreath at the site before meeting victims' families and first responders John Stillwell / PA Photos / Landov In her first trip to New York City since 1976. After speaking at the U." --7/6/10 Sources: AP. the British monarch. Her sons Princes Charles and Andrew (as well as grandson Prince Harry) had previously done the honors. The only other high-profile drop-ins of recent years were in 2008. CNN. . 2001. Queen Elizabeth II became the latest dignitary to visit the site of America's worst terrorist attack. AP. Bush appropriately led the pack with his now historic bullhorn speech to rescue workers on Sept. in signature fancy hat and pearls. U.. Martha Stewart. Mirror. citing safety concerns.K. Jul. The Queen's visit to Ground Zero is of an increasingly rare sort. on July 6. 19. She wasn't the first member of the royal family to pay her respects. CNN. The list also included several sports teams. What followed was a circus. That's quite a change from the jam-packed weeks immediately following 9/11. Eventually. we'll all feel the loss as one of the most effective levelers of privilege and avenues of reinvention--one of the great engines of democracy--begins to disappear. Mirror. they just don't believe they constitute a 'core' service . Everyone from boxing promoter Don King to Miss America Katie Harman (who autographed blank body ID tags) was allowed to enter. then mayor Rudy Giuliani called for a halt to celebrity visits. 11."Public officials will tell you they love libraries and are committed to them. 2001. 14. who flew over in a helicopter with former President Bill Clinton. 84. cast members of HBO's The Sopranos. from Pope Benedict XVI and presidential candidates Barack Obama and John McCain. Playboy Playmates. President George W.

While the King ate with his hands like an American and asked for seconds. State Department lists as one of four state sponsors of terrorism--asked for permission to lay a wreath at Ground Zero. The visit was significant: not only was it a historically huge moment between the former colony and its ruler. the King and Queen enjoyed their first hot dog at a good ole American picnic with President Franklin Roosevelt and First Lady Eleanor. In 2007 the President of Iran--which the U. left) became the first British monarchs to set foot in the U. .S. A Brief History of Royals in America King George VI and Queen Elizabeth I. Perhaps most memorably. 1939.S. Mayor Michael Bloomberg's administration responded simply. the Queen daintily cut her hot dog with a fork and knife.Heads of states are still allowed--mostly. City officials drew the line at Mahmoud Ahmadinejad." It's doubtful a fancy hat would have helped. when they arrived Stateside on June 7. but it marked the dawn of American-British cooperation on the brink of World War II. 1939 King George VI and Queen Elizabeth I (above. "Not going to happen.

where she marked the 350th anniversary of the Jamestown settlement. that's a very embarrassing question." She also visited Washington.S. 1960 . the Queen famously asked. 1957 Queen Elizabeth II took in a Maryland–North Carolina football game when she visited the U.Queen Elizabeth II. "Your majesty. Va. New York and Williamsburg. King Bhumibol Adulyadej and Queen Sirikit. Amazed by the brawny athletes. "Where do you get all those enormous players?" To which Maryland's governor replied.. in October 1957.

" . He made the most of his U.S.S. don't expect him to come back. along with his wife and four children. "royal fever" spread across the land. move and wardrobe choice. 1985 When Prince Charles and Princess Diana arrived in the U. Princess David . Princess Diane. visiting Disneyland. the President momentarily bungled her name. Though the American public clung to Diana's every word. The pair with the seemingly fairy-tale marriage wowed at a gala dinner hosted by President Ronald Reagan and First Lady Nancy.. in 1985. the Princess took to the dance floor on the arm of a young John Travolta (above. referring to her as "Er . chatting with President Dwight Eisenhower (above. As the Prince mingled with Clint Eastwood and Tom Selleck. visit in June 1960. Thailand's King Bhumibol. Prince Charles and Princess Diana. But while the King may have enjoyed his time in the States.... left) in her midnight-blue velvet gown topped off with a sapphire and diamond choker. and addressing Congress. touring movie studios. center). Bob Hope.Not long after his ascension to the throne. took more than seven months and traveled the world. The much-loved monarch has not left Thailand since his introductory state visits. Lucille Ball and Elvis Presley.

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the 5-ft. ." before beginning her speech. striped hat could be seen. her hat made more of an impression than her speech. during the monarch's May 1991 visit. Elizabeth II evoked laughter and a standing ovation when she joked.Queen Elizabeth II. "I do hope you can see me today. Unfortunately. Two days later. 1991 When the Queen travels across the pond. only her broad-brimmed. attention must be paid. when she became the first British monarch to address Congress. 4-in. In the infamous "talking hat" incident. Queen stood behind a lectern that was so tall.

When negotiations appeared to derail on the sixth day. where he was receiving cancer treatment. preventing a run at the Triple Crown. hammering out a final settlement that became the Wye River Memorandum — the basis for peace efforts from that point onward. "You can't afford for this to fail. to future generations. who arrived gaunt and pale. President Bill Clinton mediated arduous peace negotiations between Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Liberation Organization Chairman Yasser Arafat. 2007 A noted horse enthusiast and frequent wearer of fine hats. Queen Elizabeth II fit in perfectly when she watched the 133rd Kentucky Derby. Street Sense lost by a nose. the Queen flew to Kentucky with her husband Prince Philip. Absent the royal luck two weeks later in the Preakness. The King died three months later. from the Mayo Clinic. . your children. Queen Elizabeth II. 1998 In October 1998." Arafat and Netanyahu worked through the night. yet energetic. Wearing a lime-green wool coat.King Hussein. "You owe this to your people. silk dress and lime-green hat with a large fuchsia bow. The pair watched Street Sense win by two and a quarter lengths." he told the gathered leaders. Clinton called in his trump card: King Hussein of Jordan.

2009 In May 1994. Emperor Akihito and his wife Michiko visited the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific in Honolulu. again paying their respects by laying a wreath at the National Memorial Cemetery. where 34. the son of Japan's wartime emperor was scheduled to be the first Japanese leader to visit Pearl Harbor. Crown Prince Felipe.Emperor Akihito. Instead. The Emperor and his wife returned to Hawaii 15 years later.000 veterans of World War II. 2009 . hoping to avoid tough questions from his subjects. the Korean War and Vietnam are interred.

Spain's Crown Prince Felipe de Borbón y Grecia (center) and his wife. Queen Elizabeth II. our sincerity. N.M." The Queen then visited Ground Zero and dedicated a memorial garden to the 67 British victims of the Sept. The Skimmer By TIM MORRISON Monday. 53 years after her first U. 307 pages . The Prince spoke about the Native-American influence on the area's culture before adding two Spanish coins and a Spanish flag to the city's time capsule. our willingness to take a lead and our determination to do the right thing will stand the test of time. visited Santa Fe. 2010 The Fever By Sonia Shah Sarah Crichton Books.To celebrate the 400th anniversary of the founding of the oldest capital city in what would become the U.N. "It is my hope that when judged by future generations." she told the assembly. as temperatures in Manhattan broke 102°F. Queen Elizabeth II addressed the U.. 19. Jul. speech. 11 attacks. "The aims and values that inspired the United Nations charter endure.N. the Princess of Asturias Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano (right).S. and both royals inspected a cottonwood tree planted by Felipe's father King Juan Carlos on a visit decades earlier. for only the second time. 2010 On the hottest day of the year.

We have 500 millennia of suffering as proof. The Fever is an often rollicking read. READ [X] SKIM TOSS The Death of Fadlallah: The Misunderstood Shi'a Cleric By ROBERT BAER Tuesday. malariologists and historical figures like the legendary missionary doctor David Livingstone. Like fiction's best supervillains. But most fascinating is Plasmodium itself. Shah warns that to underestimate the parasite's resourcefulness is to invite future epidemics. brilliant and mysterious foe that has resisted all attempts to tame it.The war between homo sapiens and the mosquito-borne parasite Plasmodium is truly epic: so long-running that 1 in 14 humans carries genetic mutations that originally evolved to fight malaria--the disease Plasmodium causes--and so bitter that today an estimated 1 million people a year still die of the disease. 06. spanning from modern-day Panama and Malawi to medieval Italy (where malaria claimed the lives of four Popes and the poet Dante. While recent campaigns have had some success. among countless others). it is a complex. 2010 Lebanon's Grand Ayatullah Sayyed Mohammed Hussein Fadlallah speaks during an interview with Reuters at his office in a Beirut suburb on April 8. Shah has put together an engrossing cast of doctors. who pioneered the use of massive doses of quinine to fight the disease. Jul. But despite such sobering subject matter. 2009 Cynthia Karam / Reuters .

Lebanon's most senior Shi'a cleric died on the Fourth of July. His name, Mohammed Hussein Fadlallah, will mean nothing to most Americans, just as they won't see any connection between it and Independence Day. But the fact is, Fadlallah has been a central figure in modern Middle Eastern history, as he has been to U.S. involvement in that part of the world. He was a founder of Da'wa, the Islamic group to which Iraq's current Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki belongs. In the 1980s, Fadlallah was at the top of the Reagan Administration's enemy list. The White House mistakenly believed he was the spiritual leader of Hizballah, the Lebanese militant group the U.S. was at war with at the time. On March 8, 1985, a car bomb exploded in Beirut's southern suburbs, killing more than 80. The target was Fadlallah, and he was saved only by an unplanned stop near his house. Although the CIA was commonly believed to be behind the assassination attempt, a group of Christian Lebanese army officers in fact were. They acted on the same mistaken belief that Fadlallah was the spiritual leader of Hizballah. [Editor's Note: Indeed, even TIME called Fadlallah the voice of Hizballah in a 1989 interview.] If he were gone, the Christian Lebanese army officers calculated, Hizballah would die as a movement. They also thought they were doing the Americans a favor, believing that Fadlallah was responsible for the truck bombing of the Marine barracks at Beirut International Airport on Oct. 23, 1983, that killed 241 American servicemen. The problem is, there never has been a shred of evidence that Fadlallah was responsible for the Marine bombing, other than his preaching against foreign occupation. But in that sense, he was no different from Lebanon's other Muslim clerics who also did not want foreign troops in the country. Fadlallah was with near certainty not involved in Hizballah's terrorist attacks in Lebanon. In fact, he complained privately about the Iranians — through their proxy, the Islamic Jihad Organization — taking hostages in his country, believing it was un-Islamic. But where we really got Fadlallah wrong was when we started to call him the spiritual leader of Hizballah. That honor belonged exclusively to Ayatullah Khomeini — and now to his successor, Ayatullah Khamenei, in Tehran. Just as important, the Iranians always looked at Fadlallah as an obstacle to Hizballah's dominance of Lebanese Shi'a. There even was a time when some Iranian intelligence officers considered getting rid of Fadlallah. Every time I met Fadlallah, he brought up the 1985 attempt on his life. Nothing I could say would convince him that the CIA hadn't been behind it. But I had a sense the attempt was old history. Why, otherwise, would Fadlallah agree to meet an ex–CIA officer? Fadlallah wouldn't have understood the expression, but he had moved on. Leaving those meetings, I thought that rather than me, it should be our ambassador in Beirut meeting Fadlallah. But he wasn't allowed to, because Fadlallah was on a terrorism watch list. Don't get me wrong. Fadlallah was not a friend of the U.S. He preached jihad against the West and created a climate for the attack on the Marine barracks in Beirut. But at the end of the day, he was an independent Arab voice, a Shi'a Muslim courageous enough to stand up against Iran. In that sense, we should regret his passing. Baer, a former Middle East CIA field officer, is TIME.com's intelligence columnist and the author of See No Evil and, most recently, The Devil We Know: Dealing with the New Iranian Superpower.

APPRECIATION

Robert Butler, Guru of Growing Old
By Catherine Mayer / London Wednesday, Jul. 07, 2010

Robert Butler, founder of the U.S. International Longevity Center Ted Thai / Time & Life Pictures

Robert Butler was only 83 when he died. That might seem like a respectable age — indeed, it exceeds the average life expectancy of a white American man by 6½ years — but Butler, the prominent gerontologist, psychiatrist and founder of the U.S. International Longevity Center (ILC), a New York City–based nonprofit dedicated to promoting healthy aging, was nowhere near ready to go. He was looking forward to working "indefinitely," he said in June, just a few weeks before his unexpected death from leukemia on July 4. He had recently accepted a professorship at Columbia University and was planning to bring the ILC to the campus with him. "It's kind of fun for me, because I went to Columbia College, Columbia Medical, School and now I wind up as a professor at Columbia," he said. We were sitting in his office at the ILC, where there was a photograph, taken just a few years earlier, of the wiry Butler posing in the plank position. "It might have been more fun if I'd balanced on one arm," he said. For a serious man who left a substantial legacy, fun featured surprisingly often in his discourse. He campaigned vigorously against ageism — and in 1968 coined the term itself, which gained wider currency when a young Carl Bernstein quoted Butler on ageism on the front page of the Washington Post — but deployed a gentle wit to tackle the misconceptions and sheer ignorance fueling age prejudice. As he grew older, he became his own, and most eloquent, argument against ageism, visible proof that the elderly can be as productive, engaged, open to ideas and, yes, fun, as younger folk. "Strictly speaking, longevity is measured in numbers: it is the arithmetical accumulation of days, weeks, months and years that produces our chronological life," he wrote in his latest book, The Longevity Prescription, published only last month. "Yet aging — or, more accurately, its converse, staying young — is in no small measure a state of mind that defies measurement." Butler attributed his own apparent healthy aging at least in part to his optimistic outlook. His output was prodigious. He was the first director of the National Institute on Aging, establishing Alzheimer's disease as a national research priority, and founded America's first department of geriatrics, at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine. His books included the Pulitzer Prize–winning Why Survive? Being Old in America and, with his second wife Myrna I. Lewis, The New Love and Sex After 60. Lewis died in 2000, and Butler, though still mourning her, delightedly revealed in June that he had found love again "with a very special person." Butler believed that by eating well, exercising and staying connected, we might extend our already increased longevity — on average we have gained about 30 years since the beginning of the 20th

century — and, more important, should be able to look forward to enjoying good health for a larger proportion of our life spans. In that respect, at least, he proved a role model right until the end, as he was energetic and effective almost until the moment he died. He was unimpressed by the cult of youth. "Bob Hope said there are the three stages of life: youth, middle age and 'Now you look good,' " Butler told me. "I think that with all the plastic surgery and everything, the real truth is our appearance is not the essential element in our lives. And I think as people realize all these different presumed treatments are not really going to do the job, we may grow up." Did he still have unfulfilled ambitions or dreams beyond his new post at Columbia? "Well, I don't think I'm going to go anywhere else," he said. "But I might."

Beryl Bainbridge
By ALEXANDRA SILVER Monday, Jul. 19, 2010

When she was 14, Beryl Bainbridge was expelled from school. In her 60s, she was made a Dame of the British Empire. In between and up until her death July 2 in her mid-70s (the exact year of her birth is up for debate), she wrote prolifically and lived colorfully with a dark sense of humor. The Dressmaker, published in 1973, was the first of her five novels to be short-listed for the prestigious Man Booker Prize. The Bottle Factory Outing, published the following year, was the second. An established yet singular figure on the British literary scene, Bainbridge used events and characters from her life--and later from history--as the basis for her fiction. She wrote of familial relationships and murder, romantic betrayal and the young Hitler. The Birthday Boys took on Robert Scott's South Pole expedition; Master Georgie, the Crimean War. Several of her novels were made into movies, including An Awfully Big Adventure, which was inspired by her years in the theater. As she once said, "I much prefer the past. I don't feel comfortable in the so-called present."

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