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Effects of Pilates Exercise on Anthropometry of The Obese Adolescents

Yulvina1, Tanti Ajoe Kesoema2
Resident of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Specialist, Medical
Faculty of Diponegoro University/Kariadi General Hospital, Semarang, Indonesia
Background : Lack of physical activity and the abundance of essential nutrients may lead to obesity that affects
an increased of Body Mass Index (BMI). This condition may cause various diseases. Pilates is a light intensity
exercise which can be performed by obese teenagers. This study aims to examine the effect of pilates exercise on
anthropometry of the obese adolescents represented by BMI.
Material and Methods : It was a Randomized controlled pre and post experimental trial. The inclusion criteria
are adolescents aged 15-18 years old at the time of the study,meets category Obesity according to the WHO Growth
Chart (adult BMI ≥ 30,2 yo – 18 yo BMI ≥ persentil 95),filling informed consent to participate in research,and
able to understand instruction. The exclusion criteria are abnormalities of the limbs or spine,severe musculoskeletal
pain complaints, history of surgery or fracture at lower limbs, on medication with benzodiazepines,
antihypertensives (vasodilation), aminoglycoside antibiotics, chemotherapy, severe visual
impairment,participating in another physical activity and balance training (yoga, martial arts, etc.) at least 3 times
per week which is still ongoing until the time of the study. Thirty students,obesity adolescents of SMKN 04
Semarang City,become participant.
Intervention : Subjects were randomly divided into two different groups.The control group were given no
intervention, and the intervention group underwent pilates exercise. The exercise was held two times a week for
six weeks.
Result: Both groups showed improvement in BMI throughout the study period. In the control group, there was a
decrease in BMI (p = 0.165) but not statistically significant. For the treatment group, there was a statistically
significant decrease in BMI (p = 0.001) between pre and post treatment. The decline of BMI in the treatment group
was better than the control group but was not statistically significant (p = 0.954).
Conclusion: Pilates exercise may help improve anthropometry of the obese adolescents represented by BMI.
Keywords : Pilates excercise, anthropometry, Body Mass Index (BMI).