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Law (Number & Title) Purpose of the Salient Provisions

REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9003 An act providing for an Sec. 4. National Solid Waste Management Commission. - There is hereby established a National Solid
ecological solid waste Waste Management Commission, hereinafter referred to as the Commission, under the Office of the
(ECOLOGICAL SOLID WASTE management program, President. The Commissioner shall be composed of fourteen (14) members from the government sector
MANAGEMENT ACT OF 2000) creating the necessary and three members from the private sector. The government sector shall be represented by the heads
institutional mechanisms of the following agencies in their ex officio capacity:
and incentives, declaring (1) Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR);
certain acts prohibited and (2) Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG);
providing penalties, (3) Department of Science and Technology (DOST);
appropriating funds (4) Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH);
therefore, and for other (5) Department of Health (DOH);
purposes. (6) Department of Trade and Industry (DTI);
(7) Department of Agriculture (DA);
Sec. 2. Declaration of (8) Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA);
Policies. - It is hereby (9) League of provincial governors;
declared the policy of the (10) League of city mayors;
State to adopt a systematic, (11) League of municipal mayors;
comprehensive and (12) Association of barangay councils;
ecological solid waste (13) Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA); and
management program (14) Philippine Information Agency.
which shall: The private sector shall be represented by the following:
(a) Ensure the protection of (a) A representative from non-government organizations (NGOs) whose principal purpose is to promote
the public health and recycling and the protection of air and water quality;
environment; (b) A representative from the recycling industry; and
(b) Utilize environmentally- (c) A representative from the manufacturing or packaging industry;
sound methods that The Commission may, from time to time, call on any other concerned agencies or sectors as it may
maximize the utilization of deem necessary: Provided, That representatives from the NGOs, recycling and manufacturing or
valuable resources and packaging industries shall be nominated through a process designed by themselves and shall be
encourage resource appointed by the President for a term of three (3) years: Provided, further, That the Secretaries of the
conservation and recovery; member agencies of the Commission shall formulate action plans for their respective agencies to
(c) Set guidelines and targets complement the National Solid Waste Management Framework.
for solid waste avoidance and The Department Secretary and a private sector representative of the Commission shall serve as
volume reduction through chairman and vice chairman, respectively. The private sector representatives of the Commission shall

assist provincial. cities and municipalities may use in meeting the management excluding requirements of the National Solid Waste Management Framework. recovery. indigenous and improved (k) Develop and prescribe procedures for the issuance of appropriate permits and clearances. for purpose of ensuring collection. equitable and reasonable. transport. (a) Prepare the national solid waste management framework. institutional arrangement and (j) Manage the Solid Waste Management Fund. high degree of professionalism and having distinguished minimization measures. and waste management and other environment-friendly methods. resource conservation (i) Develop a mechanism for the imposition of sanctions for the violations environmental rules and techniques. through the Environmental Management Bureau. in establishing tipping charges and rates that the . environmental practice in (f) Develop a model provincial. Finally. research and development (h) Develop and implement a program to assist local government units in the identification of markets programs for improved solid for materials that are diverted from disposal facilities through re-use. (d) Ensure the proper (b) Approve local solid waste management plans in accordance with its rules and regulations. city and municipal adoption of the best solid waste management plans. and composting. and sector participation in solid formula that are fair. . guidelines. recycling. The Secretariat shall be headed by an executive director who shall be nominated by appropriate and the members of the Commission and appointed by the chairman. shall provide secretariat support to treatment and disposal in the Commission. treatment (d) Coordinate the operation of local solid waste management boards in the provincial and and disposal of solid waste city/municipal levels. environmentally sound solid waste management facilities Sec.The Commission shall oversee the implementation in accordance with of solid waste management plans and prescribe policies to achieve the objectives of this Act. the green charcoal process. storage. (g) Adopt a program to provide technical and other capability building assistance and support to local (e) Promote national government units in the development and implementation of source reduction programs. criteria. Powers and Functions of the Commission.source reduction and waste be appointed on the basis of their integrity. before collection. re-use. methods of waste reduction. segregation. others. and members shall be entitled to reasonable traveling expenses and honoraria. separation and relevance and efficiency in achieving the objectives of this Act. the unexpired portion of the term. through the formulation and (e) To the maximum extent feasible. The ecologically sustainable Commission shall undertake the following activities: development principles. after notice and hearing of the parties concerned. Should a recycling. 5. themselves in environmental and resource management. (m) Formulate the necessary education promotion and information campaign strategies. and continue to hold office until their successors shall have been appointed and qualified. city and municipal solid waste management plan that will establish ecological waste prototypes of the content and format which provinces. incineration. (f) Encourage greater private (n) Establish. (c) Review and monitor the implementation of local solid waste management plans. utilizing existing resources. more effective regulations. The members of the Commission shall serve including composting. member of the Commission fail to complete his/her term. (l) Review the incentives scheme for effective solid waste management. standards. The Department. recovery. collection.

other local economic viability. and development and (ii) Criteria and guidelines for siting. For this purpose. operation and maintenance of solid waste management implementation of national facilities. . it shall be necessary that proper consultation be conducted by effort among the national the Commission with all concerned industries to ensure a list that is based on technological and government. and (j) Strength the integration of ecological solid waste management and resource conservation and recovery topics into the academic curricula of formal and non- formal education in order to promote environmental awareness and action among the citizenry. waste generators through the segregated collection. government units. and instruments.waste management. proponent will charge in the operation and management of solid waste management facilities and (g) Retain primary technologies. (t) Study and review of the following: (i) Institutionalize public (i) Standards. comprehensive. (r) Encourage all local government agencies and all local government units to patronize products (h) Encourage cooperation manufactured using recycled and recyclable materials. non. processing. (q) Encourage private sector initiatives. enforcement and (o) Develop safety nets and alternative livelihood programs for small recyclers and other sectors that responsibility of solid waste will be affected as a result of the construction and/or operation of solid waste management recycling management with local plant or facility. government units while (p) Formulate and update a list of non-environmentally acceptable materials in accordance with the establishing a cooperative provisions of this Act. based livelihood programs for local communities. and ecological waste management programs. marketing and sale of organic and designated recyclable material application of market-based generated in each local government unit. and the private sector. community participation and investments resource recovery- government organizations. design. and local integrated. criteria and guidelines for promulgation and implementation of an integrated national solid participation in the waste management framework. and self-regulation among (s) Propose and adopt regulations requiring the source separation and post separation collection.

as well as the keeping or storage and disposal of hazardous and facilitate research and nuclear wastes into the country for whatever purpose. manufacture. disposal into the Philippine handling. names of firms . even in transit. 6969 An Act to Control Toxic Sec. To keep an updated inventory of chemicals that are presently being manufactured or used. as well as the keeping or storage and disposal of hazardous and nuclear wastes into the country for whatever purpose. distribution. studies on toxic chemicals. storage. to or injury to health or to the environment in accordance with national policies and international prohibit the entry. processing. handling. or used. names of firms manufacturing or sale. powers. 6 Functions. processing. To inform and educate the populace regarding the hazards and risks attendant to the manufacture. their existing and possible uses. use and disposal of chemical substances and mixtures that present unreasonable risk or the environment. processing. indicating among others. manufacture. To keep an inventory of chemicals that are presently being imported. Sec. use and disposal of toxic chemicals and other territorial limits for substances and mixtures. and for distribution. and such other information as may be considered relevant to the protection of health and disposal of chemical the environment. Control Act of 1990) Violations Thereof. 3 Substances and Hazardous Scope (Toxic Substances and and Nuclear Wastes. use and using them. storage. test data. storage. quantity. risk and/or injury to health sale. other Purposes including the entry. distribution. even in commitments. handling. test data. Powers and Responsibilities of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources The Department of Environment and Natural Resources shall be the implementing agency tasked with the following functions. restrict or prohibit The objectives of this Act are: the importation. their existing and possible uses. Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Providing Penalties For This Act shall cover the importation. transportation. indicating among others. of hazardous and nuclear wastes and their c. a. distribution. To prevent the entry. substances and mixtures that present unreasonable b. processing. use and disposal of all unregulated chemical substances and mixtures in the Philippines. even in transit. transportation. and whatever purpose. 2 Declaration of Policy Sec. transit. transportation. manufacture. and responsibilities. sale. a. and to provide advancement and d. manufactured.REPUBLIC ACT NO. To monitor and regulate the importation. Sec. 4 Objectives It is the policy of the State to regulate.

and . development. To conduct inspection of any establishment in which chemicals are manufactured. and such other information as the Secretary may consider relevant to the protection of health and the environment. stored or held before or after the commercial distribution and to make recommendations to the proper authorities concerned. b. of hazardous and nuclear wastes and their disposal into the country. processed. office. j. agency. facilities. f. i.manufacturing or using them. and monitoring of chemical substances and mixtures. mixtures and wastes on health and environment. c. and other instrumentalities of the Government for assistance in the form of personnel. h. even in transit. To confiscate or impound chemicals found not falling within the standard set by the rules and regulations and the said acts cannot be enjoined except after the chemicals have been impounded. e. To call on any department. g. and other resources as the need arises in the discharge of its functions. k. bureau. To subpoena witnesses and documents and to require other information if necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act. To enter into contracts and make grants for research. To require chemical substances and mixtures which are presently being manufactured or processed to be tested if there is a reason to believe that they pose unreasonable risk or injury to health or the environment. To evaluate the characteristics of chemicals that have been tested to determine their toxicity and the extent of their effects on health and the environment. To monitor and prevent the entry. state university or college. d. To require chemical substances and mixtures that present unreasonable risk or injury to health or to the environment to be tested before they are manufactured or imported for the first time. To disseminate information and conduct educational awareness campaign on the effects of chemical substances.

The testing of the chemical substance or mixture is necessary to develop such data. processed or imported. To exercise such powers and perform such other functions as may be necessary to carry out its duties and responsibilities under this Act. air or sea transportation or otherwise keeping in storage any amount of hazardous and nuclear wastes in any part of the Philippines. or permit inspection of establishment where chemicals are manufactured. directly or indirectly. processed. manufactured. Knowingly use a chemical substance or mixture which is imported. aid or facilitate. Sec. processors or importers shall shoulder the costs of testing the chemical substance or mixture that will be manufactured. importation. Section 14 Criminal Offenses and Penalties a. either by means of land. b. c. There is a reason to believe that the chemical substance or mixture may present an unreasonable risk to health or the environment or there may be substantial human or environmental exposure thereto. access to records as required by this Act. The manufacturers. 13 Prohibited Acts The following acts and omissions shall be considered unlawful: a. even in transit. 9 Chemicals Subject to Testing Testing shall be required in all cases where: a. Failure or refusal to comply with the pre-manufacture and pre-importation requirements. and d. b. or bringing into Philippine territory. stored or otherwise held. and c. There are insufficient data and experience for determining or predicting the health and environmental effects of the chemical substance or mixture. .l. in the storage. including its maritime economic zones. Failure or refusal to submit reports. Sec. notices or other information. Cause. processed or distributed in violation of this Act or implementing rules and regulations or orders.

he or she shall be deported and barred from any subsequent entry into the Philippines after serving his or her sentence. he or she shall in addition to the above penalties be deemed automatically dismissed from office and permanently disqualified from holding any elective or appointive position. director or manager who shall consent to or shall knowingly tolerate such violation shall be directly liable and responsible for the act of the employees and shall be criminally liable as a co-principal. association or any juridical person. the above penalty shall be imposed upon the managing partner. In case of corporations or other associations. be deemed automatically dismissed from office and permanently disqualified from holding any elective or appointive position.00) shall be imposed upon any person who shall violate section 13(a) to (c) of this Act and shall not be covered by the Probation Law.00). processing. 3. The penalty of imprisonment of six (6) months and one day to six (6) years and one day and a fine ranging from Six hundred pesos (P600. tools.000. president. the partner.000. shall be imposed upon any person who shall violate section 13(d) of this Act. The penalty of imprisonment of twelve (12) years and one day to twenty (20) years. In case the offender is a government official or employee. president or chief executive in addition to an exemplary damage of at least Five hundred thousand pesos (P500. If the offender is a foreigner. sea vessels. he or she shall be deported and barred from any subsequent entry into the Philippines after serving his or her sentence. transport. 2. Every penalty imposed for the unlawful importation. . 1. the director and all officers of such foreign firm shall be barred from entry into the Philippines. b. In case any violation of this Act is committed by a partnership. he or she shall. If the offender is a foreigner. in addition to the cancellation of its license to do business in the Philippines. and aircrafts used in or with which the offense was committed.1. Chemical substances so confiscated and forfeited by the Government at its option shall be turned over to the Department of Environment and Natural Resources for safekeeping and proper disposal. sale or distribution of chemical substances or mixtures into or within the Philippines shall carry with it the confiscation and forfeiture in favor of the Government of the proceeds of the unlawful act and instruments. c.00) to Four thousand pesos (P4. corporation. or other improvements including vehicles. in addition to the above penalties. If it is a foreign firm. entry. 3. In case the offender is a government official or employee. manufacture. 2.

disposal shall be by incineration. park or any body of water. street sweepings and the Filipinos by directing industrial wastes. dead animals. Responsibility of Cities and Municipalities Cities and municipalities shall provide an adequate promotion of the health of and efficient system of collecting. for fast reinforcement. all citizens and residents of the . plazas and streets adjacent to public buildings shall be kept clean by the local government concerned. There also manner approved by the local health authority. Additional Requirements scattered sanitary laws to ensure the provision of (a) Occupants of buildings and residences shall. including all facilities and appurtenances that may have been used in transporting to or in the storage in the Philippines of any significant amount of hazardous or nuclear wastes shall at the option of the government be forfeited in its favor. The person or firm responsible or connected with the bringing or importation into the country of hazardous or nuclear wastes shall be under obligation to transport or send back said prohibited wastes. manure. Any and all means of transportation. (d) Streets shall be kept clean by occupants or owners of properties lining the street from the line of the property to the middle of the street and from one property to the other. ashes. Any provision of existing laws to the contrary notwithstanding. arose the need for codifying and updating the Sec. PRESIDENTIAL DECREE No. To prohibit the improper Sec. (b) Refuse shall be disposed through a municipal collection service. 82. refuse is an inclusive term for all solid waste 856 was to improve the way of products consisting of garbage. The ultimate objective of this Sec. If this service is not available. 1. 81. d. (c) Refuse shall not be thrown in any street. Definition of Terms As used in this Chapter. PRESIDENTIAL DECREE No. (Code on Sanitation of the public health services Philippines) towards the protection and Sec. handy reference and guide Refuse in receptacles shall be protected against vermin and other animals. 83. yard. burying. rubbish. (e) Parks. night soil. It shall be stored in a suitable container while awaiting its final disposal. sanitary landfill or any method approved by the local health authority. provide a sufficient number of receptacles for refuse. transporting and disposing refuse in their areas of jurisdiction in a our people. sidewalk.

Declaration of Policy. (Technical Guidelines For direct technical guidance Municipal Solid Waste to the LGUs in order to Sec. shall suffer an imprisonment of not less than 5 days nor more than one year or a fine of not less than P100 nor more than P2.00 or both such fine and imprisonment at the discretion of the Court or tribunal. Transportation and Communications. restaurants. hospitals. 4. DENR Administrative Order No. 2. groceries and the like. department stores. Any person. 3. Purposes. To ensure the effective implementation of these Guidelines. various local government units economically-sustainable and other relevant entities. rats and other scavengers.1 supervise and monitor the gradual phase of existing open dumps nationwide in coordination with the technically-feasible and Department of Health. private as well as public. the DENR shall: Disposal) promote their adoption of environmentally-sound. through the Barangay Council. Scope. 4. cinema houses. . all residential houses. These Guidelines shall cover the development of new municipal solid waste disposal 49 Series of 1998 It is hereby declared a policy sites in the Philippines including a phased schedule for the conversion and upgrading of existing of the DENR to provide dumpsites into a more sanitary and environmentally acceptable manner. shall undertake the cleaning of their own surroundings. Sec. Philippines. of Garbage and Other Forms of and all other establishments of any kinds. the maximum penalty shall be imposed upon the president. Sec. If the violator is a corporation. 4. filth. or other waste matters in public places. The Secretary of Public Works. their Uncleanliness and for Other yards and gardens. such as roads. all commercial and industrial establishments such as hotels. Role of the DENR. 2. Owners of idle lots in Greater Manila are required to keep their idle lots clean to protect them from becoming the breeding places of mosquitos. mice.825 disposal of garbage. all universities. filth and other waste matters. or other corporate entities. who shall litter or throw garbage.) All garbage. Sec. with the assistance of health officials and local governments concerned. canals esteros or parks. shall be placed in the proper receptacles for the disposition thereof by garbage collectors. roads or streets in their immediate premises. as well as the canals. and. manager. firm. flies. Sec. director or persons responsible for its operation. further utilize the land for its food production program. 3. the Department of Interior and Local Government. the government shall undertake the cleaning of said lots at the expense of the owners. The government may. colleges and schools and other similar institutions. all public conveyances. Sec. (Penalty for Improper Disposal public markets. 000. without prejudice to the imposition of a higher penalty under any other law or decree. In the event of their failure or inability to comply with this obligation. shall supervise the implementation of this Decree.

MANAGEMENT OFFICE ON Force on Waste c. g. i. Formulate standards. Solid Waste Management b.2 provide technical assistance in the planning and implementation of the upgrading of existing open and guidelines that could be dumpsites to environmentally-sound landfills with regards to its adherence to the herein prescribed consistently applied to engineering and environmental standards. education and communication plan to increase public awareness. programs in the vicinity of the sites of the sanitary landfills and transfer stations to inform and educate the communities on the benefits and the environmental safety features of the facilities and to allay fears of the perceived hazards and negative effects of the facilities. systems and procedures for the management and operation of transfer stations SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT Management. l. f. The Project Management Office shall have the following functions and responsibilities: 93-90 created a Project a. Role of the Local Government Units. Sec. understanding. Accept foreign grants and donations. UNDER THE PRESIDENTIAL Department of Environment d. with the and sanitary landfills. m. The LGUs shall prepare and implement local action plans and formulate local regulations to facilitate and support the closure and upgrading of existing open dumps. collection. Identify community needs which may be addressed as part of the development of sites such as infrastructure.2. h. Hire and develop qualified staff for the various aspects of solid waste management. Formulate and implement an information. Provide technical assistance in the construction and site development of transfer stations and TASK FORCE ON WASTE and Natural Resources as sanitary landfills. through standards 4. There is hereby Sec. effective and economic implementation of the (CREATING A PROJECT under the Presidential Task Solid Waste Management Framework. solid waste management options. utilities and other services which can improve the communities and foster support for the solid waste disposal facilities. reuse and disposal. e. manage and maintain relevant technical information and database pertaining to all aspects of solid waste generation. Collect. MANAGEMENT) the lead executing agency. Formulate an appropriate cost recovery system for disposal facilities to ensure that these facilities shall be financially viable. Sec. 5. ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER No. Formulate an integrated national systems framework on solid waste management as well as the Management Office on criteria/guidelines in the preparation of local waste management plans. appreciation and acceptance of PRIME-M4 Page 2 of 3 new solid waste disposal facilities thereby improving the solid waste management system. Formulate and conduct appropriate community relation. Draft a bill creating the Waste Management Authority which shall handle all matters on waste . different LGUs throughout the country. 1. Formulate specific strategies and plans for the efficient. Facilitate site acquisition process by encouraging community consultations and participation. k. j.

or is impermeable. DENR ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER No.does not allow passage to. p. or a combination of both).a highly permeable region or area that serves as a recur.this indicates that a certain site has met the absolute Condition/requirements but is still IDENTIFICATION AND SCREENING (PD 1152). a system for a safe and sanitary Haul distance . Evaluate program/project proposals on waste management. including the imposition of sanctions for violations.the distance a collection vehicle travels from its service area (collection area) to a treatment disposal of waste. soil). Prepare a capability building program for local government units in relation to their solid waste management programs/projects. constructed. It is Sec. rules and regulations. management. Impervious . high density polyethylene. . Monitor the implementation of programs/projects to ensure compliance with established standards/criteria. Establish a mechanism to ensure compliance with environmental rules and aquifer located between two relatively Impermeable layers. and/or to the disposal facility. 2.the amount of waste generated.the process of making or becoming liquid or the state of being liquid.present at all season of the year. Recharge area . WASTE DISPOSAL FACILITIES (984)" and their implementing Confined aquifers . and. Sec.the rate at which a substance can penetrate or pass through a medium (e. to adopt Generation rate . and the Pollution subject to or dependent upon certain additional conditions that can Enhance the site selection process but are CRITERIA FOR MUNICIPAL SOLID Control Decree of 1976 (PD not exclusionary. Permeability .act as a low-permeability barrier to eliminate leakage or minimize the rate at which leachate within the waste facility escape into the surrounding environment.this sets the minimum requirement(s) that a site must meet for it to be considered. o. As used in and for the purpose of these guidelines.a waste disposal site designed. Liners may be clayey soils or synthetic materials (e. Sanitary Landfill . Definition of Terms.liquid contaminated from contact with decomposing Wastes containing bacteria and other materials that drain out of dumpsites and landfills.g. operated and maintained in a manner that exerts engineering control over significant potential environment impacts arising from the development and operation of the facility. Perennial . ADOPTING THE LANDFILL SITE "Philippine Environment Code Conditional criteria . usually expressed as Kg/person/day. n. q. g. Liquefaction . Liners . the following terms and phrases 50 Series of 1998 the declared policy of the shall have the corresponding meaning herein below stated: Department as provided in the Absolute criteria . r. 1. Develop and prescribe procedures for the issuance of the appropriate permits and clearances on the operation and maintenance of solid waste facilities. Leachate . Statement of Policy.

Site Identification and Screening Methodology. plotting of excluded areas. 3. data acquisition.a hallow or depression in which drainage collects. and . c.g. physical and chemical composition). The following criteria shall be used to identify and screen possible site of Sanitary Landfill: (1) Area Capacity and Availability (2) Haul Distance and Time (3) Proximity to Sensitive Groundwater Resources (4) Proximity to Perennial Surface Water (5) Occurrence of Flooding (6) Proximity to Sensitive Land Users (7) Local Ecological Conditions (8) Current and Future Land Use (9) Seismic Condition (10) Geologic Condition (11) Soil/Land Condition (12) Topography (13) Proximity to Airports Sec. Waste characteristic . identified on the basis of the absolute criteria. 5. Transfer station .refers to earth movement or vibration.refer to the properties of the waste stream (e. d. 4. be they operated by Local Government Units (LGUs) and/or the private sector.a place or facility where wastes are transferred from smaller collection vehicles into larger transport vehicles for transport to the final disposal site. identification of candidate areas from the map for field survey. b. Scope. type. Topography .refer to natural or man-made barriers used to keep a disposal area visually inaccessible. showing their relative position and elevations Up-gradient . site survey and evaluation. These guidelines shall apply to all waste disposal site in the country. Sinkholes .up-slope or upstream Visual barriers . Sec. in an appropriate map. The sanitary landfill site identification methodology shall be composed of the following steps: a. Landfill Site Identification and Screening Criteria. Sec.Seismic .the physical configuration of a surface detailing the natural and man-made features.

000).e. selection of preferred site(s). . The final decision should be approved by the council of elected officials after due public consultation. site visits and interviews with local officials and residents. taking account of both the technical and financial considerations. The acceptability matrix will aid the local officials in assessing the best site for the proposed landfill and ecological waste management center.000 or 1:200. Data can be obtained from existing maps (1:50. The results of the siting process should be presented in the form of an acceptability matrix showing the quantitative evaluation of each site based on the site identification and screening criteria. aerial photographs.